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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 7, 1944, Mason City, Iowa OF J M 1 J NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTOSV MOINES L M THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOt Associated Pieu and United Press Full leased Wtra Five Cents a Copy MASON7 CITF IOWA THCBS0AT DECEMBER This Fiper Consists ol Two NO M U S FOR GREEK POLITICAL FREEDOM State Convention Held by Vegetable Growers FEATURES FOR 2 DAY SESSION AREANNOUNCED Exhibits on Display at Meeting Potato Diseases Discussed Discussion of a possible corela tion between hair sprout and pur ple top in potatoes held the atten tion of delegates to the 31st an nual convention of he Iowa State Vegetable Growers association in Its opening session Thursday at the Hotel Hanford The convention will continue through Friday with the banquet scheduled for G oclock Thursday evening spotted as the high point of interest for the 200 members and friends expected Friendship and Peace are the subjects stressed at the banquet at which Mrs Sam Kennedy of Clear Lake and Mrs John Vander Linden of Ames will be leading speakers Discussion of the corelation of the bair sprout and the purple in seed potatoes I started after J G Leach MOL g a n t o w n W Va the Amer ican considered as knowing the most about pur ple top stated he failed to 1 find any core lation his studies between CASUALTIES OfrsBrewer ii c nu Enters Not U S ON WEST Guilty Plea FRONT SEVERE Ion PurpleTop of Potatoes but said that both J G 1LEACH diseases came possibly from the same source The carrier of the disease he said was the gray leaf hopper R d Hose St Paul Minn who did not dispute Mr Leachs find ings fold of similar trends in the diseases however when he spoke Hair Sprout in Potatoes FIGHTS CONTINUE IN ATHENS Critical situation in strifetorn Greece where fierce fighting continues thrusts these 2 men into the world spotlight At the left is Maj Gen R 51 Scobie commander of the British forces in Greece and right is Premier Geprge Papandreou who heads the government and has the backing of the British Sgainst the left winggroup whicli seeks control The crisis J E Grim Prospect of More to Come Is Cited by Under Secretary of War Washington Secre tary of War Patterson said Thurs day that in the fighting on the western front We ore suffering severe casualties and are facing the grim prospect of more to come He made the statement i weekly war review which dis closed that on this 3rd anniver sary of Fearl Harbor United States battle casualties amount to 552 018 Patterson said army casualties reported through Nov 22 total 474898 This was an increase of 13840 from the report last week which covered the period through Nov 15 The new navy total is 77120 n increase of 1228 for the week The latest army casualties to gether with those reported a week ago follow Killed 01625 and 89 840 wounded 268099 and 258103 missing 58926 and 57514 pris oners 56248 and 55598 The navy casualties Killed 29 738 and 29480 wounded 33469 and 32600 missing 9427 and 9 d26 prisoners 4486 unchanged from previous Patterson holding the weekly news conference in place of Sec retary of War Stimson whois out of the city reviewed the week of heavy fighting on the 500mile western front Then he said This type of fighting where an adequately equipped and well led enemy in prepared positions is determined to try to hold his ground at any sacrifice is evita Charles City Mrs Helen Brewer former Iowabus queen pleaded not guilty to the charge f assault with intent to commit murder before Judge M H Kep er in district court here Thurs day The trial has been set for Monday Dec 18 Two other charges resisting an officer and obstructing public justice have been transcribed to the office clerk the district court and await further action of county authorities The charges resulted from visit to the farm of Mrs Brewers father Joseph Schultz on Nov 2 by Sheriff B F Atherton and a deputy who were investigating calves that had strayed from a neighbors farm when the sheriff charges he was attacked by Mrs Brewer YANKS PUSH EDGE OF VITAL FACTORY CITY American Tanks Plunge to Forbach Outpost of Siegfried Line Paris tanks drove to within 34 miles of seared Saar brucken Thursday in a plunge to the outskirts of Forbach French rail town and outpost of the Sieg Fund Drive Gets Under Way ILLNESS FATAL TO EARL EHLERS Building Commissioner Former Constructor Earl Ehlers Mason City build ing commissioner died at p m Thursday in a Mason City hos pital after an extended illness Mr Ehlers was for many years engaged in the construction field and has been building commis sioner for the city the past 4 years He was a veteran of World I naving fought overseas and for many years has been active in ClausenWorden post of the Leg ion He was active in civic activi ties such as the Y M C A mem bership campaign War Chest and other projects Surviving are Mrs Ehlers anc DorothyBob an British Report Progress ift Clearing Out EAM Forces By STEPHEN BARBER Athens fP Maj Gen R M Scobie British commander in Greece announced Thursday that progress was being made in clearing the prospect tocomei enemy however withless intensity of artillery fireto sup port him and with nothing to begin to equal the offensive character o our air power is suffering much more severely The steady re plenishment of our ammunition now at a large scale of expendi ture by an accelerated produc tion here at home is ah objective which we must never lose sight fried line Artillery of the same 3rd army bombarded the little Pittsburgh of the coal and iron region for the 8th consecutive day while in fantry was cleaning the Germans from the last streets of Saaregue mines French border town south east of the Saar capital Street fighting continued in Saarlautern 2nd city of the Saar The Americans extended their rip on the west bank of the mul plecrossed Saar river to 22 miles On the static Roer river front he Cologne plain for the 2nd suc essive night was bright with trings of German groundlights uggesting that the enemy was vorking intensively to prepare efenses on the Erft river in an icipation of a forced withdrawal rom the swift and swollen Roer The Erft flows within 8 miles of Cologne It is 100 feet wide and paralleled by a canal Along he Boer the American 1st and Ith armies were no closer than 22 miles from the ravaged metropo Jiiiss Ethel Ehlers of Mason City Mr Ehlers had been in failin health since last spring He lived at 112 Kentucky S E launched with a radio talk over O Wednes night by Loretta Walsh of the Social Welfare league office a report of which will be found elsewhere in this issue Appropriately enough the very irst contribution for this years came from a Mason City boy VIEW IS VOICED IN STATEMENT BY STETTINIUS Refrains From Indorsing Churchill Use of Army Against Communists Washington of State Stettinius Thursday put the United States on record as favor ing COMPLETE freedom of polit ical action for the people of Greece He formally indorsed a tion by Prime Minister Churchill Tuesday that the people of Greece should have complete freedom to form a government either ofthe right or of the left But Stettinius deliberately HE PR AI NED from indorsing another statement by the British prime ministerdealing with the use of British troops to prevent forma tion of what Churchill called a communist dictatorship in Greece This was the 2nd time this week lhat the stale department has spoken out in favor of political freedom for the people of Europe Earlier it protested Britains in tervention in the formation of a new Italian government The Brit ish action had vetoed Count Carlo Sforza as u candidate for either premier or foreign minister of a new regime at Rome At his news conference Thurs day Stettinius handed reporters on iiiiir ijijiuuv AH What the connection was neither EAM forces who were being at Mr Leach nor Mr Hose could de tacked by RAF planes andartil termine but they with many lery others in the convention acknowl Fighting however spread to edged that much research work is Thrace AthensPiraeus area of DANIEL DEAN necessary to de termine this J us t before the nopri lunch eon Daniel Dean of Nichols N Y for 40 years a farmer of New York state spoke onSeed Cutting giving practical expe rience in this field and re sults he has ob tained He il lustrated his talk with slides 1 W A Hcii drikson Esther Ville president of the association opened the meeting with a short discussion and pictures of a trip he took to southern markets with C L Fitch Ames secretary of the association as the machine oper ator Mr Hendrikson spoke on Mar Iqwa Certified Seed and introduced commercial growers attending the convention R C HastingsFargo N Dak who is in chargeOf certification of the 2ndlargest seed state in America spoke on Foundation Stock Standards A full program was schedulea for Thursday afternoon with many more delegates expected in for the evening Exhibits were being arranged in the hotel on which prizes are to be awarded These exhibits consist chiefly of potatoes onions and carrots Back From Overseas Sergeant Sees Wife Leave for WAG Duty Chicago George Simon wanted to surprise his wife Jewell 20 so he didnt Write her that he had won a furlough as a reward for 21 months in Africa Italy and France Mrs Simon apparently con vinced she wouldnt see her hus band until the end of the war also planned a joined the WACS without telling him Both succeeded Simon arrived home just in time to see his wife British Spitfires and Beaufight ers dived on nests of resistance as the pitched battle went into its 2nd day Field artillery was used toclear out other strongpoints held by the ELAS the military of the EAM Premier George Fapandreou whose government issupported by the British told correspond ents that the EAM was plunging Greece into civil war In London a Greek governmen j spokesman said the outbreaks hac dclayed elections by severa months He predicted that unless this painful situation is solved immediately Greece will be years in rising out of the chaos createc by German Gen Scobies communique said The process of clearing the AthensPiraeus area of hostil ELAS forces is progressing stead ily By nightfall Wednesday Jarg areas had been freed and wer being picketed by Greek and Brit ish regular troops In some cases field artillery had been used to clear EL A strorigpoinfsi n t e r f e r i n g wit m o vem ents o f pii r troop s Mate rial damage to civilian propert was slight Armed rightists who attempte o Join forces with British troop arc being disarmed as they wer acting contrary to orders of th government and Gen Scobie re garding the carrying of arms by ir regulars This is being done with out incident Elsewhere in Greece the situa tion is quieter although in the Drama area Thrace fighting has broken out between the ELAS and nationalist forces It has been confirmed that a German officer has been captured while commanding a detachment of ELAS troops The planes were sent into ac tion after the resisting Greek steady popping sfill could be eard from the park Shellfire echoed through the ty throughout the night as Brit sh Sherman tanks located less nan a mile from the center of the ity fired their 7as at an ELAS tronghold in the quarter behind modern stadium VIOLENT QUAKE IS REGISTERED May Have Centered in Vicinity of Japan West Bromwich Eng iP A violent earthquake that shook the whole earth for 6 ing to one leading British seis reported Thursday to have centered in the vicinity of Tapan on this 3rd anniversary of Pearl Harbor T J Shaw veteran West Brom wich seismologist said that wind tremors made it difficult to trace the direction but he expressed a belief that it was possibly in Japan the Aleutians or the Kuril es A short time later Swiss radio said that both Zurich and Nurn observatories had recorded an extremely violent earthquake in the direction of Japan In case the quake took place in populated regions the conse It was the 18th heavy bombing quences are bound to be catas GERMAN OIL PLANT RIPPED RAF Also Makes Heavy Raids oh 2 R R Yards London bombers attacked Germanys prize syn theticoil plant at Merseburg and 2 railyards with 7000 tons ot bombs Wednesday night just a few hours alter 1600 American bombers and fighters raided the oil plant and another rail center in daylight Another RAF force bombed Ber 172nd night raid on the nazi capital since the war is on the Rhine Nowhere had the Soer been crossed but the GIs were up to its banks on a wide front In some places east of the Koer 9th army troops observed the Ger mans strengthening their positions under cover of smoke All ot Lin nicu west of the river was 1 American hands although a ta snipers remained Jti tK t Actipn flareS Bpagainbnth northern partof the 1st army front Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges troops whocleared Inden everal days ago struck 114 miles oward Pier about midway be ween the Roer river citadels oC ulieh and Duren Patrols reached outskirts and in 1 brief kirmish 100 Germans were cap ured Further south the 1st army onsolidated and expanded hold ngs around the captured Hurt gen forest village of Bergstein North in Holland German pa rols crossed the Maas north of Venlo but the British beat them back in every effort to probe their of Lorraine and m the Pacific It cnsp SI bill and consisted of a Japanese 10 yen note equally crisp The American money will be come a part of the fund lo be raised the Japanese money will be just an interesting souve nir The full list of donors upto this time is as follows Fie CUrehee EARL EHLERS of the Leuna refinery which once trophic the Swiss announcement contributed 50000 tons of oil a j heard by the Associated Press re ported Shaw described the quake month to the nazi war machine The RAFs rail targets were at psnapruck and Giessen American Liberators earlier had smashed those at Bielefeld leave for training iloines Iowa at Fort Des forces failed to heed an ultimatum isued by Maj Gen R M Scobie commander of British troops in Greece The ultimatum expired at At a m the fighter planes dipped low over a parkeast of Hadrians gate and the temple of Zeus where ELAS sniping had been reported strongest Smuke and flames immediately spurted up from a wooded hillside in the middle of the park But after the planes had passed one of the greatest I have ever recorded Ulilrr Club A Friend YC Club sellli Club rat Order or Moose Frcddr Dlx Mldneu Twentieth Century Club Lake Township Oivesn Club Novel Club Fortnlthtly Club GlobfGazette L t la W E II First Days Total this statement 1 was interested to note that in his statement on the Greek situa tion on Dec 5 Prime Minister Churchill told the house of com mons our position as 1 have said is extremely clear1 Whether the Greek people form themselves into a monarchy or republic is for their 00 xoo llOlt 1000 ines The last bits CHIANG REJECTS RED PROPOSALS Offers CounterPlan to Chinese Communists Chungking Chiang KaiShek has rejected a proposal by the Chinese commun ists to establish a democratic coalition government and has offered counter proposals the communist delegate Gen Chou EnLai said Thursday as he re turned to Ycnan Alsace were slipping fiom Ger man hands Already Lt Gen George S Pattons 3rd army con trols more of the rich Saar basin than the Germans retain in the Karlsruhe corner of France at the edge of the Saarland and Palati nate U S 7th army troops captured Ostheim 5 miles north of Cplmar last city in German hands in Al sace The foe seemed to be evac uating the district His men and trucks choked the Rhine bridge at nearby Breisbach The Cotmar gap between the 7th and the French 1st army narrowed In maximum of 23 miles but behind allied lines many pockets ot Ger mans were hiding in the snowy gorges and heights of the Vosges mountains Saarbrticken 135000 Is the key lo the whole defense of the Saar and crucial arsenal for the German arms Its factories still worked as the cacaphony of battle increased The first day total last year was So the effort this year is off to a good start Always in the past there lias been something o a lag during the first few days ot the campaign He who gives first is thrice blessed Send your contribution large or small to Christmas Cheer Fund Care GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa Unless there is a specific request NOT to do so the names of all contributors will be listed Those wishing initials or anonymous designation should so specify CONTRACT IS INCREASED Washington o provide ad ditional plant facilities for the Solar Aircraft Co at DCS Momes the defense plant corporation has authorized a increase in its contract it announced Wednesday CALL ON IOWANS TO BUY BONDS Des Moines were asked by the state war finance committee to remember Pearl Harbor Thursday with increased war bond purchases The committee declared resi dents of the state should wake up to the fact that they are right now failing in the most important home front war effort of allbond sales now tota per cent of the ttiis statement I am in full agreement It is also bur ernest hope that the people and authorities of Greece and our Brit ish allies will work together in rebuilding that ravished country Stettinius was bombarded with questions about expanding the statement to make it more specific with respect to the use of British troops in Greece He reclined further comment however except to indicate that Thursdays declaration is not beinsr officially conveyed to the British government He added it was being issued only to the press in this country in response to inquiries The secretary was asked speci fically does this government con done the use ot tanks and planes against the Greek population and whether government is mak ing any representations to the British over the use of arms He said he throught his state ment speaks for itself Stettinius also was asked whether it would be correct to say that he indorses only that part of Churchills speech which he j quoted and not any other part but he replied he could not comment He gave the same answer lo a question of how the political free dom policy applies to Poland Series E bond or 561000000 E bond quota for Iowa Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Becoming fair and mild Thursday afternoon with sunshine and considerable thaw ing fair Thursday night and Friday little change in temper ature lowest temperatures Fri day movning for Mason City 26 j USS Enterprise and the first year U S Learns Mitch in 3 Years of Fighting EDITORS iSOTE Eugene United Slates Sunday morning I navy after Pearl Harbor was Burns who gave Americans the first eyewitness report of Fearl Harbor tells what we have learned in the succeeding 3 years of fight ins the Japanese Author of Then There Was One the story of the Iowa Mostly cloudy Thursday morning becoming fair and warmer Thursday afternoon fair Thursday night andFriday with little temperature change Minnesota Generally fair Thurs day night and Friday a little colder Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 33 Minimum Wednesday night 23 At 8 a m Thursday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 33 Minimum 20 of war in the Pacific Burns has seen action from the Solomons to the Aleutians and from Pearl Har bor to Ceylon By EUGENE BURNS San Francisco has taken us 3 years to get the knowhow of fighting the Japanese They forced good air sea and us In the 3 years we have had de feats and victories that were too costly in they are sav ing your sons lives as the war jroes into the 4th year When I made the first eye witness transPacific telephone 1941 while J a pa n worse Most of its ships guns wiped out our Guadalcanal screen ing force We lost 4 cruisers within minutes without inflicting Dec bombs still were exploding and J could not be elevated to fire at our battlefleet was burning we an incoming plane janj appreciable damage to the lad yet to fight a major naval air j Our carrier tactics were not far j Japanese behind our old ships In battle At our first amphibious British Reaction Is Unfavorable London British gov ernment it was reported Thurs day has instructed Lord Halifax British ambassador to Washing ton to report of State Edward Stettinius the unfavor able British reaction to Stet tinius hands off declaration on Italy and liberated allied coun tries The foreign office woujd neither confirm nor deny that such in structions had been given Halifax but the Yorkshire Tost published Secretary Anthony Edens family said he directive had already gone forward The barrage of criticism against or amphibious war Had the fleet steamed out of Pearl Harbor Dec 7 the result might well have been permanently disastrous As measured by presentday standards every manofwar was woefully inadequate While visiting the U S fleets flagship before Pearl Harbor the commandcrinchief pointed out a small battery of 51 antiair craft guns There Burns is the answer to the he said I think the ship had 2 such bat teries of 4 barrels each Today 3 ycirs later lhat ship has perhaps more than 100 much heavier anti aircraft rifles Our Asiatic fleet which took on call from Pearl Harbor to the the full brunt ot the Japanese problems before Pearl Harbor the carriers usually were spotted a hundred miles behind the battle line and some of their planes car ried smoke tanks in the bomb bay The purpose of the carrier planes an admiral explained was mainly to do the spotting put down smoke screens engage enemy spotters and perhaps harass the enemy In November 1942 our battle ships fired their main battery at force for the the Spanish American war years be fore Likeirise we had not fought a modern night action until August 1942 when off Savo island a small Japanese cruiser force almost an enemy surface first time since ng land at Guadalcanal supply lines failed our men were bombarded almost nightly reinforcements and replacements did not come air coverage was lacking At Attu in the Aleutians our Californiatrained men were not equipped with the right Japkill ing tools and the right clothes Casualties as a result wera high And yet all Har bor Savo island Attu Guadal canal off because we learned the knowhow of jun gle fighting carrier battles and night fighting Because these men died in the past 3 Pearl Harbor to learned the know U H jt H i t Prime Minister Winston Church ills policy in Italy Greece and Belgium was joined by influen ial elements of the British press including both the conservative London Times and the liberal Manchester Guardian The Yorkshire Post however came to the defense of the gov ernment with a stinging attack on the Stettinius statement particu larly the manner in which it was made public instead of being con veyed to Britain through normal diplomatic channels It is to be hoped said the post that this unfortunate epi sode may bring home to Mr Stettinius that the surest safe guard of democracy in the 20th century world is a strong Britain and a strong America acting in accord The Manchester Guardian said how Succeeding victories will be the foreign office had brought the cheaper 1 protest on itself by following ;