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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 7, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM I Am Ammunition For DontWaste or Throw Me Away DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AiJO ARCHIVES D S MOIKES I A VOL L MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS KEY HEIGHTS ON ROAD TO ROME ARE CAPTURED Allied Infantry Crasb Through Nazi Defenses in Bitter Assaults By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters Algiers army inlantry have crashed through nnzi defenses in bitter assaults to capture the most dominating positions in a 25 square mile area overlooking the road to Rome it was announced Tuesday while on the east coast of Italy British tanks rammed across the Moro river A headquarters officer describ ing the battle iu the vita Monte Camino and Monte Magglore area on the western sector declared now hold the most important features iu that area roughly 5 miles long and 5 miles wide On the Adriatic side of the Ger man 10th army line Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys tanks and infantry drove across the Moro river 10 miles above the Sangro in a tank battle fought in a tog Four German Mark IV were wrecked The new U S 15th air force struck heavily at the Germans Elevsis and Kalamaki airfields near Athens with flying for tresses and liberators knocking down 10 nazi planes in a violent air battle American troops wading flooded areas with water up to their necks at many places marked the 2nd anniversary of Pearl Harbor with bloody fight ing Field Marshal Gen Albert Kes sclring realizing the prime im portance of the 1500 foot and 2 800 foot peaks dominating the road to Rome running through Cassino threw the full weight of his divisions into desperate coun terattacks But despite these heavy bloxvs U S troops captured a mountain point 6 miles west of Mignano overlooking the swollen Garigli ano river and farther Inland mile west of Filignano taking 40 prisoners in a localized assault Southofthe tions on the ridges of Mount Maggiore British forces were driven off a ridge by a furious nazi assault but in a nearby sec tor seized a German strongpqint The 8th army punch across the Moro river met less difficulty than anticipated but the tank ac tion was one of the few fought in mountainous Italy It occurred at San Leonardo 2i miles north west of San Vito and 2 miles in land Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires I Five Cents a Copy King George Reported 111 From Influenza London George VI has been stricken with an attack of influenza and will be confined to his rooms for several days Buckingham palace announced Tuesday The king joined a grow ing list of sufferers from the malady which has been spreadin throughout the country in recent weeks Latest figures released Monday showed that 376 persons hsd died of influenza in London and other large cities during the week ending Nov 27 MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 7 1943 This Paper Consists of Two One HOME EDITION umu 7p the 6 hour Japs Af wirephoto from marine marine squad leader arrow points his a Jap nest to be cleaned out as he directs his men in the attack in which the Yanks captured Tarawa in the Gilberts from the First Day of Cheer Drive Reaches CHRISTMAS CHEER FUND irhllr Club j City Chaplcr D A K soo 3 Ml 31W 21M liOO Buy Savings Bonds Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Liitcot Lincoln Parent Education Cro George H MeElioy PriscilU Club II t O Club Slate Street Club Oroun I Contrccalional Womer Guild Croiunnexter Auxiliary Claude lloloroolc IT Pipe Kor Virtll P Allen Pvl P n B Novel Club Mrs David Olson Souci Lord rIobeGaielte L p I W E FIRST TOTAL L theor tier of their re ceipt are listed opening clnys cash do nations to the Christmas Cheer Fund The total is one the largest v e r recorded launching annual venture in ap piccl Christian ity The goal has been fixed by the SocialWelfare league ad ministrator of the fund at 51500 and the campaign entirely on a voluntary basis will come to a close on the day before Christmas Dec 24 From this time ori there will be a daily listing of contributions Those who prefer not to have their names used may so specify in passing along their gifts In such eases either initials or some nonidentifying term such as A Friend will be employed Remember those who give early are in effect giving twice For one thing early gifts enable the Social Welfare league staff to rio their shopping early Cor those in USS WISCONSIN IS LAUNCHED Huge Battleship Will Mete Out Retribution Philadelphia U S S j Wisconsin 1 ot the worlds larg est battleships slid down the ways at the Philadelphia navy yard Tuesday as a grim reminder of re tribution on the 2nd anniversary need Another thing early have an exemplary Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and sli h tly Iowa Fair and slightly warmer Tuesday night Wednesday con siderable cloudiness warmer in extreme east light rain by night in southeast portion Minnesota Partly cloutiy Tues day night and Wednesday Con tinued mild IN MASON CITY GlobeGazctle weather statistics Maximum Monday 35 Minimum Monday night 20 At 8 H m Tuesday 28 YEAR AGO Maximum 21 Minimum R gifts they give others the idea of giving An extra special attempt is going lo be made this year to see that the families or service men are remembered In this the So cial Welfare league will have the cooperation of the local Red Cross office Suggestions from others will be welcomed by Miss Doris Bruce too The gates are now down Send your contribution large or small to Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor Mrs Walter S Goodland wife ot the governor of Wisconsin chris tened the 45000 ton battleship the 3rd of its class launched since the beginning of the war A sister ship the New Jersey was launched at the same yard on the first an niversary of Pearl Harbor AssistanfNavy Secretary Ralph throng of shipyard workers that the battleship was an answer to the surprise attack of 2 years ago She will be an instru ment of retaliation he said Battleships he said had proved their usefulness in the war Bard cited the U S S South Dakota which shot down 32 Jap plnnes ill 1 action and added that the battle ships antiaircraft power today was 100 times what it was 3 years ago and its 16 inch gun turret alone weighs as much as a mod ern destroyer SEIZE 1600 PUNCHBOARDS 130 Slot Machines Also Taken at Otturmva Otturaua hundred punchboards 130 slot machines and a large assortment of punch board prizes were seized by 7 state agents In a raid on the Ot tumwa Novelty company Monday night D O Bender agent who headed the raiding party said A county attorneys information charging illegal possession of gambling devices was filed Tues day against Harold Ginsberg of ficial of the company Two vans were required to haul the articles from the companys quarters The prizes included 12 cartons of fruit cakes Officials estimated the value of the articles taken at fig uring the machines on a used machine basis Bender said the agents were sent here on instructions from R W Nebergall chief of the state bureau of investigation Drive Nazis Over Central Ukraine Area London across the bleak central Ukraine southwest of Kvcmcnchug in an offensive ap parently aimed at clearing the great Dnieper bend red armv troops under Gen Rodion Jlalin oysky have severed the Germans vital railway line between Smela and Znamenka to Ihrealen the important stronghold of Kirovo grad 23 miles farther west a Russian communique said Tuesday A powerful soviet artillery and air barrage crumbled German de Censes in front of the infantry and tank advance which stormed iitto he of Tsibulevo astride the 50 mile lonjr ZnamenkaSmela rail division 14 miles northwest of Znamenkjj Twenty other foivns iftcliidiiig Alexandriya and Dikovka east of Znamenka were overrun while 900 Germans were killed and 17 tanks destroyed in the red army squeeze the soviet bulletin said The drive was staged nt the height of n howling blizzard through heavily drifted snow Our troops captured a great amount of eciuipment and ammu nition mid prisoners were taken the communique said Capture of Tsibulevo and Olim piudovku southwest of Alexan driya placed Russian columns only 23 miles from Kirovograd and apparently sealed the fate ot Zvamenka where soviet advance units were reported battering the towns outer defenses Other soviet troops were less than 6 miles from Smcla after an attack which had bynassed the Dnieper riier city of Cherkasy Juncture of these forces with those advancing on Kirovograd appar ently was regarded as imminent The developing red army offen sive which has already split large German forces guarding their Jai eral rail and supply lines now threatens the security ot all enemy positions in he lower Ukraine from the Black sen to the Ru manian frontier including the stonily defended minsinesc cen ter of Krivoirog 60 miles below Znamenkn NO SI JAP rUMIIUNS r ti 11 n at Conference Held in Cairo LOCKED SELF OIJT Washington lff students at the suburban Bladensburg Md high school had an unexpected holiday hew janiior found himself locked out of the furnace room and there was no heat T S Klein the principal explained the new employe ap parently forgot to get the keys to the furnace room from the old janiior IS THREATENED Heavy Air Blows Point to Assaults on New Britain and MarshaUs By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The threat of invasion was poised over 2 key postions in the sprawling Japanese empire Tues day as the 2nd anniversary of Pearl Harbor showed prepara tions on the fighting and produc tion fronts for allied admits in the Pacific Heavy aerial blows suggested possible invasion ot the Marshall islands in the central Pacific and New Britain in tile southwest Pa cific vital anchors of the enemys bases for the ultimate defense of the Philippines and Japan The growth of American nava might after Pearl Harbor was symbolized by the new 45000ton battleship Wisconsin to be launch Tuesday while it was dis closed in Washington that top pri orities had been granted for a vast fleet of invasion craft The navy contributed another cheering note in the announce ment that American submarines sank 11 more Japanese cargo ves sels raising to 516 the grand total ofo all enemy ships sent to the bottom ol the Pacific since Dec 7 1941 Words of American leaders carried a tone of confidence for tile future operations Authoritative sources in Wash ington predicted however it may lake another 2 years to defeat Japan As for the Japanese the Tokyo radio asserted Ihe declaration of Teheran doesnt in the least af fcct Japans determination to crush the United States and It also broadcast the fantastic claim that the Japanese army had killed or disabled 193000 allied soldiers on the South Pacific and Aleutian fronts from December 1942 through November Japanese losses were given by the imperial headquarters communi queas32962killcd Admiral William F Halsey poinma inter of South Pacific allied forces reviewing the progress in his sector In Ihe past year de clared we now have the spring boards from which our future offensives can be launched anil added This I can promise We SHALL have offensives Taking back what was ours originally is just the start Each of us has an appoint ment in Tokyo In Cairo one o Gen Douglas MatArthurs staff officers who participated in the 3power con ferences said the Americans are confident the rich Netherlands East Indies can be recaptured from the Japanese 1 think he said we can beat Japan without landing an expe ditionary force on the Japanese mainland1 American bombers struck at outer defenses which blanketed the 300mile length 0 jvew Britain They unloaded 15 tons of bombs on CapeGloucester at the south east coast of New Britain to bring to 588 the tonnage there and at nearby Borgcn Bay within a week A fiOO ton freighter was set ifirc at Rabaui Five loaded barges and a coastal vessel were destroyed at Open bay on the northwest coast On the Huon peninsula of New Guinea 70 invasion miles from New Britain Australians ad vanced farther north along the coast above Finschhafcii In a possible forerunner to in vasion strong carrier task forces bombed the Marshall islands Sat urday but radio silence dictated by security reasons prevented de scription or the damage The northeast of the recent lyconquered Gilbert Islands have been raided frequently in recent weeks by landbased planes V K HONORS Roosevelt pre sents Gen Dwight Eisenhower the legion uf merit medal for his recent military services The presentation was made during President Roosevelts trip to Cairo and Tehe ran but scene of the ceremony was not lisclosed by the army At3 wirephoto from 12th army air force Group Says Good Neighbor Policy Gave Mutual Benefits Washington A congressional committee just back from a flying inspection lour of U S military bases in Central and South America reported Tuesday that the policy produced mutual benefits had i in some instancesinjured Ameri can standing The lawmakerinspectors laid great emphasis upon a suggestion for immediate planning for post war commercial relationships with Ihe countries lo Ihe south The group a house military af fairs subcommitcc headed by ncprescnlalive Merrill D N found Ihal hemisphere de fense plans had been cffcclive ly and zealously carried ami that an cncauragiuK decree of has been received from our iicizhhor republics in this But said the committee we must stress Ihe foci thai Ihe un settled questions about the future utilization of Americanbuilt bases arc vital and pressing ones whose disposition should not longer be This was accompanied by a recommendation that the United Slates act now toward gelling its hoiise in order for postwar commercial enterprise The repori staling that the neighbor policy has been highly profitable to our friends and ad vantageous to followed by less than 2 weeks a statement by Scmttor Butler thai U S aid to Latin American coun tries was naively conceived and badly coordinated boondoggling Butler who made nit independ ent 20000 mile tour ot Central and South American countries told the senate the good policy was based on dreams that in some Latin coun tries they laugh at us for being suckers Merrills group criticized some U S federal agencies which in nearly every country appear to Kct under each others feet in the scramble lo advance their respec tive interests and noted at 1 point There is a great need for co PearlHarbor Day Finds Yanks Rolling on Tokyo Route j Editors note Ships the Japanese sank in their sneak attack on Pearl Harbor wo years aso are moving out of that base in offensive for mations aimed at obtaining crush ing retribution for that treachery Mac R Johnson reveals in the following story By MAC K JOHXSOX Pearl Harbor fleet task forces putting to sea from Pearl Harbor steam past the tor pedoblasted hulk of the USS Oklahoma and there are ships among them which the Japanese sank 2 years ago Tuesday and which we have raised and refitted for battle They sail for revenge When the carrier borne Jap bombers drew away from Pearl Harbor Dec 7 1941 the American problem was one of repair and replacement o torpedoed and pombed warships of rebuilding installations of getting new fight ing planes to take the place of Hickams charred ftisilages A new problem arose late this summer Taxed to capacity by new warships Pearl Harbor just wasnt big enough to hold carriers cruis ers destroyers submarines and auxiliaries coming from hemain land On the 2nd anniversary of the military success under a diplomatic United States has laid its stepping stones to Tokyo and already has com menced setting its feet down upon them Naval authorities make no secret of Hie fact that Tarawa and Makin the forerunners of more important battles Veteran Pacific correspondents like Frank Tremaine and William Tyree who covered the Pearl Har bor disaster and now are out with the troops and the fleet believe that twofifths of the war against Japan has been Dec 7 1946 will find American troops in the Japanese capital Naval officers dont want any Pearl Harbor Day celebrations the war is over congress set aside Dec 7 annually to examine the slate of the nnlions dctcnse in lerrogate our naval and military leaders and study our relations with other nations On this anniversary no investi gations are needed Rabaul sits precariously at the dagger tip of offensives pointing from Finsch hafen New Guinea and Bougain ville A wedge has been driven into the central Pacific and Ad miral Chester W Ximttz is look ins to extend his holdings farther north into the Marshall and Car olines Nimitz has instructed his offi cers that they encounter the Jap fleet or any part of it they are to drop prearranged tasks and destroy every enemy vessel possible President Roosevelt and Secre tary of the Navy Frank Knox They will remember it as lone as havc that the Pacific they live but wUhout fanfare One officer suggested that when fear this has been misunderstood It docs not mean that additional Jap islands will not be taken It docs mean that key Japanese is land groups will be occupied but it precludes a 10 or 15 year war for every Jap island bisc Its a bypassing proposition officers explained like buying 1 bottle of hand lotion for 49 cents and gelling a second for a penny A Pacific victory the officers say cannot be envisioned without occupation or domination by air and sea of the MarshaUs Caro lines Trilk and the Philippines but many lesser islands will be bypassed and they are expected to fall as Kiska fell when Attu was occupied Nimitz has said that the war will be won from China where land based aircratt can swarm out to pulverize the enemys homeland he is doing his part in laying open a path to Cbimi Offjcers say that the war was nearly lost at Pearl Harbor and it is being won there now ordination of effort and singleness ofpurpose Bungling tactics by nmnleur goodwill emissaries who bid against each other have cre ated confusion and injured Ameri can standing As 1 illustration of poor plan ning the subcommittee was ad vised that BEW Board of Eco nomic Warfare once sought to develop a number of airports for Ihe rubber trade bringing in great quantities of supplies and high pri ority equipment for this purpose Actually the development of airports alongthe upper reaches of the Amazon is a tremendous un dcrtakinc and not at all necessary If airplanes are rcauired in hese operations the use of seaplanes o take advantage of Brazils great natural waterways eliminates the time and cost required for airport constructions Information reaching Ihe com mittee indicates that much of Ihis equipment has never been put to e t Informed persons speak highly of the work done by the field men ami prospectors scnl out by fed eral agencies Their criticism is di rccled at the officers and technical experts sent out by Washington at the regulations and paper work requirements and at the frequent changes in personnel The Merrill committee which Ici Washington Nov traveled HofiT miles in three weeks by air INONU RETURNS HOME CABINET SESSION HELD Important Results in Parley Are Predicted by British Writer London conference be tween President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and President Ismcl Inonu ot Turkey has been in progress in north Africa it was learned Tuesday and the re sults will concern Turkeys fu ture position in relation to the allies war against the axis The participation of Inonu in conferences with Roosevelt and Churchill apparently was based on the neverimplemented Brit ishTurkish pact of 1939 which pledged Turkey to aid Britain in the event of aggression leading to war in the Mediterranean The diplomatic correspondent of the British Press association wrote Churchill and Roosevelt are in conference with President Ismet Inonu of Turkey and their deliberations may in due course have almost as important an ef fect upon the course and conduct of the war as the great inter allied talks which already have taken place in Cairo and Tehe ran The Berlin radio said that the conference had been completed in Cairo and that Inonu had re turned to Ankara where the Turkish cabinet would meet in special session German spokesmen meanwhile told Swedish correspondents the allies arc exerting heavy pressure to force Turkey to Join the war A BudapesLibroadcasl heard bv U S govcrrtorjent monitors said Bulgarian Premier Dobri Bojilov had conferred with the Turkish minisler to Sofia after a meeting of the Bulgarian cabinet Mondav main It declared that formed political circles iu Sotia connect this cabinet meeting with the TurkishAngloSaxon Soviet conference Franz von Papcn the German ambassador talked for nearly an hour Monday with Turkish Pre mier Sukru Saracoglu Reuters reported Tuesday in a dispatch from Ankara Cairo dispatches Monday staled that the whereabouts of President Roosevelt had not been disclosed since he attended the 3power parley in Iran although it was re vealed tended that Churchill had at combincd BritishAmeri can military parleys in Cairo sub scmient to file Teheran meeting Reports reaching Budapest from Sofia however indicated that the nazi preparing to meet any Change in Turkeys status were moving troops through Bulgaria in the direction of Die Turkish border Three motorized German divisions were said to have passed through the Bulgarian capital in recent dajs Taking a TiirkishB r i i s h Anicriraii conference for Kranted George Schroedcr political cor g as far south is Rio dc Ja1 f the German ovcr nciro seas news astcncy a nari propa Its report was turned over to the full military committee Tuesday The comment was prepared joint ly by all members of the Representatives Costello Brooks Durham D N Sikcs Winstead Short and Leroy Johnson CHARGES BUTLEU WAS USED AS CATS PAW Washington Ridiculing Senator Butlers R re cent report on U S spending in Latin America Senator Guftcy D Pa asserted in the senate Tuesday that Readers Digest mag Kanda organ asserted that the IVillicImstrassc does not hintc it fit to consider this Turkishallied meeting as just a routine trip of Ihe Turkish president AngloAmerican sources he declared hint at the possibility that Ihe Balkans campaign was discussed at Teheran and if that was the case it would be impera tive to know what Turkeys atti tude would be tn London there was little spec ulation on a Turkish change ot status Wilson Broadbent Daily Mail correspondent wrote how ever that Now thai the climax seems to have arrived and the Germans are beginning to bluster avine had used the Nebraska re nncl show their hand I believe the publican as the cats paw in a Turkish government will not hcsi bil of journalistic ghostwriting which brings joy to the heart of every axis agent in this hemi sphere Guffey charged that Butlers tour of South and Central Ameri can republics last summer was undertaken under the auspices of the Readers Digest that he was accompanied by Maurice K Mum ford a member ot the magazines research staff and that an article carried under Butlers name in the Digest was put into acceptable magazine form by Dr Stanley High Guffey said Dr High employed by the democratic national com mittee in 1936 recently had been ghostwriting magazine articles for the opposition party IRVIX COBB ILL New York S Cobb 67 year old author radio enter tainer and motion picture star was reported as quite sick at his hotel apartment here Tuesday by his wife tntc They will declare themselves for the allies and assume all the responsibility which that entails If Turkey should cast her lot with the allies she could play an important role in the offensive which Stalin Roosevelt and Churchill plotted at Teheran to crush Germany from the east west and south Allied armies in Italy already arc moving toward Germany from the south but Turkish participation would open the way for a fullscale assault on the Balkans also from the south Turkeys entry would provide the allies with a shorter water transportation route to Russia and would also give Britain and the United States an opportunity of joining the red army on a common front in Bulgaria or Rumania Granting of Turkish air bases to the allies would pave the way for recapture of the Dodecanese islands surf would furnish air cov er for any invasion ol the Bal ikans ;