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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 5, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ANf I N r I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL IJH Associated Ftesj and United Prrai Full Leased wires Five Cents a Copyl MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER 5 1946 This Paper Consists of Two No 48 LEWIS APPEALS CONTEMPT VERDICT OAKLAND CAL MASS WALKOUT OF AFL ENDED Big Strike Crippled 1000000 Residents of Communities 3 Days Oakland Cat UP A mas walkout of AFL unionists in Alameda county came to an em in its 3rd day Thursday and th east bay area oi more than 1000 000 persons immediately began ie suming normal activities The general strike ended a a m PST after city of ficials nd employers agreed to accept a union offer to call strik crs back to work provided police refrained fromescorting profes sional strike breakers in and ou of the city The strike which tied up vir tually all but essential services in Alameda countys 6 cities for 5 hours was called off by AFL leadersThey said they knew in conveniences were brought abou by the walkout but felt tha strong acton was necessary ti protect tht rights of union mem Called approximately 2 days after armed police had Mocked off city streets and escorted 12 truck loads of Christmas merchandise to Kahns and Hastings depart ment stores the strike had brough east bay communities 2 full days of mass picketing curtailment o transportation and marketing ant some violence The key systems commuter trains and buses were ready to re sume full service after AFL lead ers Instructed members of indi vidual unions to go back to work The executive board and of ficials of the AFL unanimously voted to call off the strike at a meeting at the labor temple James F Galliano attorney for the AFL hailed the agreement with the cityas the return of our rights as citizens1 and termed the general strike as one of the most successful in Alameda county his tory Dont kid yourself youve turned this town upside down Galliano told the Oakland labor leaders Mason City Firms Get Warnings on Blackout A number of Mason City busi ness establishments havereceived warnings on minor violations oi the blackout order according to a compliance investigator of the ci vilian production administration who was in the city Thursday Fifteen warning telegrams have been sent and 50 personal warn ings have been made the investi gator stated They were largely on the use Of excess lighting for dis plays and advertising Filling sta tions he said were cautioned about lighting the advertising globes on the top of the gasoline pumps In practically all cases there was a wholehearted desire to co operate in the blackout orders he said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued mild Thursday night and Friday lowest Thursday night about 25 to 30 Iowa Partly cloudy and continued mild Thursday night and Fri day Lows Thursday night 24 north to 32 south Highs Friday 50to 55 Minnesota Mostly cloudy north and partly cloudy southThurs day night and Friday Warmer south and west Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 56 Minimum 28 At 8 a m Thursday 28 YEAR AGO Maximum 30 Minimum 20 Atomic Power Plants May Be Built to Compete With Coal Philadelphia power plants can be constructed on the eastern seaboard to compete economically with those using coal if bituminous prices rise as high as a ton says an executive of the Oak Ridge Tenn atomic project Dr Charles A Thomas vice president of the Monsanto Chemical company and now directing the conversion of the Oak Ridge plant to nonmilitary uses declared that at the present price of S7 a ton coal is the cheaper form But even if technological progress or rising coal prices bring about the atomic power plant Dr Thomas said atomic energy never would wipe out the coal or oil tries He said it would supple than of these fuels The first experimental power plant ever to use atomic energy will be in operation at Oak Ridge by 1948 Dr Thomas told a lec ture group at the University of Pennsylvania Wednesday night The Oak Ridge unit hn said costs 21 times as much to build as would one using coal but he added that technological advances would reduce considerably Dr Thomas that in tLj shadows is the bomb itself and the question of its fu ture control imperils all peace thc initial outlay warned however time1 advances in the use of atomic energy An atomic power plant would be most valuable said Dr Thom as in a desolate region such as Alaska He asserted that one air plane in flight could supply Alaska with enough fuel to op erate for 2 or 3 years Dr Thomas one of the men who drafted the fundamental out lines of the Baruch plan for con trol of atomic power envisioned atomic energy leading to giant ocean liners operating for more than a year without refueling and to substances which might attack each malignant growth and irradicate cancer Baruch Planning Important Move on Atom Energy Curb U S Delegate Elated Over Russias Change on Demand for Veto Lake Success N Y nard M Baruch elated over so viet Russias clearly enunciated stand that the veto must not hin der inspection and control organ izations watching over world arms limitation was expected Thursday to urge swift and positive action toward curbing atomic energy for peaceful uses Baruch the United States dele gate on the United Nations atomic energy commission was said au thoritatively to have prepared i statement and some resolution tor presentation at an important policyjcharting meeting of the commission Just what he will propose has been closely guarded by the dele iation but observers pointed out hat the United States wants ac tiqn on the atomic question This was said to be especially the case since V M Molotov Russian for eign minister made a statement Wednesday which United Nations delegates had awaited for a con siderable time Molotov got down to brass tacks on the inspection and control fea ures of disarmament when he told he U N political committee that organizations should be set up within the framework of the U security council for the inspec lon and control of arms limita ion regulations Russia has proposed general disarmament but the soviet dele gation and the United States agree hat atomic weapons should have top priority in considering control Molotov said the veto power of he 5 permanent members of the ecurity council had no relation o the work of the commissions Consequently he said in this lighly significant paragraph con ained in the U N translation of lis speech It is entirely wrong o consider the matter in the light hat any government possessing he right of veto will be in a po ition to hinder the fulfillment of he control and inspections The control commissions are not the security council and there ore there are no grounds whatso ever for saying that any power making use of the right of veto ill be in a position to obstruct he course of control Every at empt to obstruct the control or nspection carried out in accord nee with the decisions taken by he security council will be noth J D SMALL CFA HEAD Truman Thursday accepted the resignation of John D Small as head of the civilian produc tion administration The resig nation is effective Friday White House Press Secretary Charles G Ross said Mr Truman ac cepted the resignation in view of the fact that remaining CPA functions will be transferred soon to a new overall govern ment liquidation agency This new agency will carry on the remaining duties of CPA the office of price administration and some other war agencies ing other than a violation of the decisions of the security council Baruch has fought for estab lishment of a system of control and regulation of atomic energy which would not be subject to the right of veto in the security council Truman Plans to Offer San Francisco Site Free to United Nations Lake Success N Y American delegation told the United Nations permanent head quarters committee Thursday that t was President Trumans pur ose to offer the historic Presidio Military Reservation in San Trancisco free of cost as a pros pective site for the world peace capital Chief Delegate Warren R Aus in said the offer would be sub ect to approvalof congress COAL WORKERS SAY NO RETURN DESPITE FINES Union Leaders Fiercely Denounce Court Action Against Lewis and UMW Pittsburgh nant AFLUnited itterly indig Mine Workers Thursday indicated the govern mentlevied fine would do litlie toward ending their 15 dayold strike that has already idled another 172000 persons and threatens the nation with complete economicparalysis Let the government attorneys dig the damn coal cried Bill Jones of the Gibson mine at Bent leyyille Pa we wont go back until Lewis tells us to fine or no fine Four Washington county locals in western Pennsylvania reacted to the penalty by sending blank checks to UMW headquarters in Washington with succinct instruc tions to fill out the amount nec essary to pay the fines Union leaders across the nation fiercely denounced the fines Dave Fowler president of the UMW OklahomaA r k a n s a s district termed the penalties an attempt to destroy the UMW and said it in vites the thug system and yellow dog contracts again to be placet in the mining camps of the coun try President William Blizzard ol UMW District 17 in West Virginia declared the fine is part of a plo by the democratic party to destroy the union He added the rank andfile miners are behind John L Lewis one million per cent am they will slay away from the mines until a contract is signed TbhnTreilo president of Lewiss old mine local in Springfield 111 AP Wircpholo RUSH TO BEAT at the south postal annex in Boston strive to clear the jam of packages as the Christmas parcel post rush jumped more than 25 per cent Thursday before the curb on size and weight of packages goes into effect on Friday The fine of will never get the coal No matter how much they fine John L Lewis or what they do with him were not going back until he gives orders asserted Joe Husko of the Isabella Pa local He didnt send out in structions to quit but we werent going to work then without a contract and arent going to do so now That is the opinion of all good union miners In addition to the and a day fines now being levied on many of the miners under terms of the government contract Lewis declared void more economic pressure was bearing down on them in some mine communities Manager K A Ruff of the Crozer Coal and Coke company store at Elkhorn W Va said credit was stopped to more than 50 miners Wednesday Other company stores have also stopped or sharply limited miners credit From hardhit Denver where trees were being chopped to keep people warm to Hamilton Ohio where a complete fuelsaving blackout darkened the city of 60000 the nation felt in varying degree the spreading effects of the coal stoppage A company of Ohio state guards rode in police cruisers or stood ay the Hamilton armory Wednes day night for emergency duty as he city kept street lights dark to extend as long as possible its imited coal supply Elkhart Ind with only a 10 daysupply of coal planned to close all schools theaters taverns and public meeting places start ing at midnight Friday Under the order of the citys emergency coal conservation committee all stores and office buildings will be in operation only from 9 a m to 4 P m Churches are permitted to remain open 1 day a week Conservation Measures Asked by Solid Fuel Administration Wheeler Tells of 36 States ThatCoal Situation Is Crucial Washington The solid fuel administration called upon state governments Thursday to in augurate immediately the mosl stringent conservation measures to avert economic collapse from the coal strike Dan H Wheeler deputy admin istrator said in a letter to gov ernors of 36 states which have appointedJuelconservation agen cies that the situation is much worse than it has been at any previous time The miners strike in April and May in which 90 million tons were lost coupled with the cur rent strike has placed this nation at the very brink of economic paralysis and threatens unprece dented hardships and suffering during the winter he declared Wheeler said that in January 1945 during a railroad embargo resulting from a series of bliz zards many municipalities set up local committees which certified consumers having no fuel During that emergency Whee ler wrote the mayors of many cities curtailed or completely eliminated the use of solid fuels in places of amusements such as theaters bowling alleys night clubs educational institutions such as libraries museums and schools and in other buildings public or private where it could be done without endangering the tiealth of the community The present situation clearly calls for such action he added It may very well be that the authority established by the state conservation officials will find it necessary to adopt means whereby all stocks in the hands of all con sumers within the community would be available for emergency distribution The total slocks of coal above ground will be exhausted before he winter is half over unless the most rigid conservation is prac iced Wheeler stressed the need for communities to make a complete nventory of all fuels and advised hem to make plans for substitut ng other fuels for bituminous coal He said that when the mines thut down Nov 20 there were 15000000 tons of coal in consumer tock piled and in transit He added that industrial stocks were unevenly distributed throughout the country and the tonnage avail able lo retail dealers averaged only 12 days supply in addition to limited stocks on commercial docks in the great lakes area OFFICIALS QUIT IN IOWA TOWNS Spencer City Council Must Find New Mayor By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A resignation rash Thursday had hit a number of Iowa cities and towns with mayors council men and other city officials quit ting in 3 municipalities The mayor city council and city clerk of Moulton have announced their resignations The mayors was effective Nov 15 and the oth ers madp their resignations effec tive Dec 30 Spencers city council was faced with selecting a new mayor after Dell S Blake announced his resig nation from that office effective Dec 15 because of the press of private business Conesvilles mayor George Brown 77 at liberty under 000 bond in connection with the fatal shooting of Dr Ady R Mc Keown Oct 28 has resigned No reason for the resignation was given T F Coffin grocer was named acting mayor pending the election of a successor to Brown longtime Conesville mayor Brown charged with first degree murder retained his position as Orono township justice of the peace to which post lie was reelected Nov 5 The wholesale resignations at Moullon reportedly followed dis sension over 2 beer permits Mayor Roy Maring 39 overseas army veteran was quoted as saying he couldnt take it referring to petty complaints and the dissen sion over the beer permits The council named its oldest member Lloyd Harris mayor pro em until a special election can e held Dec 30 City Clerk Mrs riez Rohl who has been trying to landle the towns business affairs since the council served notice it ivas quitting said Wednesday that she was going out with them The councilmen who resigned were John Yates Edwin Carlos lafe Hetzler Hubert Morrow and Marshal Wilbur They made no ormal statements for quitting i STEER BRINGS A POUND Grand Champion Sets Mark m Chicago Show Chicago grand cham pion steer of the 47th Interna tional Livestock exposition sold at auction Thursday for a pound an all time record for the Chicago show The steer Royal Jupiter a 1 370 pound Shorthorn bred and exhibited by Oklahoma A and M college Stillwater Okla was purchased by the Firestone Tire and llubbcr company which also bought Loyal Alumnus 4th an AberdeenAngus at the last In ternational Last years grand champion Tomahawk also a Shorthorn shown by Calara Farm Thornton Iowa sold for a pound at the Chicago market fat stock show war time substitute for the In ternational Royal Jupiter cost his new owners an extra when it was disclosed he had put on 10 pounds since taking the exposi tions top award Tuesday The of ficial price based on his new weight of 1380 pounds was 490 The reserve grand champion Wyoming Challneger Standard exhibited by the University of Wyoming Laramie sold for a pound to the First National bank of Chicago Rasmussen Son of Goldfield Iowa paid the record price of Wednesday for Edellyn Royal Leader 29th a leading bull sold by Thomas E Wilsons Edellyn farms Wilson 111 Two other lowans sold animals during the auction of Breeding Shorthorns The sale to Rasmus sen Son topped by last years high Ben G Studer Wesley Iowa sold a Shorthorn bull Prince William 15 for the 2nd highest price S3500 to Ashburne farms Louisville Ky Clausen Brothers of Spencer towa sold Broadhooks Maid 20th for top sale in the female division She was unde feated female champion at the American Royal Illinois Stale fair and several other livestock shows this year She was sired by the champion Shorthorn bull of the 1941 International which was shown by the Clausens R E Pullins Sons of Waterloo fowa gained several places in the Dxford breeding sheep division They won a 2nd place for Rams one yearand under 2 a 3rd for and ram lambs under one year 2nd for 3 ram Iambs Garner Youth Finds Business of Showing Cattle at Expositions Involves Taking Gamble Rv THflR TFVCITTW By THOR JENSEN GlobeGazette Farm Editor business of show ng fine cattle at the fairs and xpositions involves something of amble Don Greiman of Garner ame to the International Live lock Exposition in Chicago a veek ago with his 1145 pound alf which brought him the grand hampionship at the Waterloo livestock and Meat Institute 2 weeks ago It also placed 2nd in he fat stock show at Iowa State air incidentally At Waterloo Don almost put his alf on the block but decided that e would gamble by bringing it o the International His father Greiman is a Pure Bred ingus breeder and winning the nrple ribbon at the International aturally would be worth some ling to the owner of the herd rom which the champion came o Don withdrew his calf from the Vatertoo sale and watched the reserve champion sell for S105 a pound Dons calf placed 5th in its class here at the International Not a bad record considering the compe tition but still not so good when sale day arrives The calves with the blue and purple ribbons are the ones which will draw the big money The Garner youth refused to guess what he might get but ad mitted he hoped it would not be less than 50 cents a pound That price would mean a loss of at least 55 cents a pound as com pared with what he could have gotten at Waterloo A little multi plication will show that it amounts to cash money Thats quite a lot of money to an 18 year old North Iowa farm boy but Don refused to cry over it He just ad mitted that it takes a lot of luck along with good feeding to top the worlds most important stock shoW Joe Duea of Belmond shoived the worlds champion at the Chicago fat stock show last year during the war time discon tinuance of the International pointed out that it makes lot of difference who the judge is When cattle are as uniformly good as those faced here by Judge Walter Biggar of Scotland there are no 2 judges in the world who would place them exactly alike In other words a rabbits foot in your top left vest pocket might help Duea noted that Biggar was partial to steers that stood fairly high He liked them smooth and fat but not too fat and he obvi ously did not like the T0 or com pact type There was considerable discussion at the show about his judging and it would not be too surprising if an American judge got the nod from the International next year This was Biggars 13th time to pickJhe top lat steer in the it also was his unlucky and last time The horse show at the Interna tional has been drawingcapacity crowds almost every evening and it is something worth seeing Two events were of particular interest to your farm editor One was the working of a pair of sheep dogs imported by an Altoona Iowa man from Scotland In each per formance a dozen sheep which have never seen the dogs before are driven into the arena and the dogs drive them through gates stop them drive them into pens and otherwise handle them ac cording to the wishes of the train er who controls the whole pro ceedings merely by whistling at the dogs The other act which particular ly interested me was the jumping horses It is really a contest with about 20 entries The riders have to jump their horses over 9 hur dles the last 2 only 20 feet apart Slender sticks lie on top of each hurdle If they are knocked off it is charged as a fault and I have yet to see a horse get into the top places who brushed off even one stick When one considers that the hurdles range up to 5 feet high the jumping is harder than the trained horses and riders make it look The huge 6horse hitches also are fun to watch in the arena Four hitches are in the arena at the same lime going at top speed wheeling through intricate ma neuvers and constantly looking as if they were going to collide Strung out in tandem the 4 hitches and their wagons are longer than the arena so a collision would not be too surprising but up to now I any The 6horse which follow the havent seen pony hitches huge draft horses into the ring at each performance always get a big round of applause from the crowd They can turn so tightly that one of the hind wheels of the wagon has to turn backward part of the time The harness and saddle horse classes are showy but so far as your farm editor is concerned there are too many horses in each class and the judging gets tire some even though the animals are beautiful Howard Tellier of Humboldt who is attending the International as the guest of KGLO because he was top livestock judge at the North Iowa fair attended the show with me Wednesday afternoon and we will be at the sale together Thursday He is really enjoying his trip seeing a great deal of Chicago besides the International Don Greiman on the other hand has had to spend practically all of his time at the show caring for his steer He said he would take Thursday afternoon off however since he was caring for another lads steer Wednesday in return for the same favor Thursday TRUMAN PLANS RADIO PLEA TO AFL President Green Proposes Conference of Owners UMW Chief BULLETIN Washington A P John L Lewis struck a new legal blow in his bitter fight against the government Thursday by appealing his contempt conviction to higher courts Lewis sent his attorneys to federal court to appeal to the cir cuit court his own and his unions conviction for con tempt for not averting the coal strike and make bond for his personal fine and his unions 000 fine pending this ap peal Lewis himself did not accompany his lawyers to court Washington President Truman will address the nation on the coal strike crisis at p m CST Sunday and is expected to appeal to the striking miners over the head ot John L Lewis to go back to work Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters that Mr Truman will Thursday speak for about 20 minutes on the situation growing out of the coal strike which has brought mounting unu employment and has stymied re converting industry AFL President WilJiam Green Thursday proposed the calling of a conference of bituminous coal operators and John L Lewis in an effort to find a solution to the coal strike Green appealed to the govern ment in control of the soft coal miners to convene such a confer ence and through a sincere and honest discussion of the problems find a basis of accommodation which will be acceptable to all concerned and thus bring about a resumption of mining operations Green issued his appeal as at torneys for Lewis and the United Mine Workers left UMW head quarters for federal court to post bond to meet a contempt fine against the union They also planned sieps to ap peal the soft coal strike case to the circuit court of appeals Lewis himself did not accom pany the group of union attorneys who were lead by Welly K Hop dns of the UMW and Joseph A Padway general counsel for AFL Lewis was fined person ally in addition to the against the UMW The attorneys said they planned to post bond for the full amounts of the fines pending appeal The AFL president who previ ously announced his support of Lewis in the deadlock with the government said in his statement Time is passing and the miners ire idle Court injunction punish ment penalties and force have been resorted to The time has arrived when the policy pursued which must be classified as a fail ure should be changed Reason common sense and good judgment should be substituted for force penalties and prosecution Questions confronting the Lewis egal battery included 1 Whether to post bond to cov er the fine on the union and if so how it is to be raised The S10000 fine on Lewis per sonally will be covered by a bond before 3 p m the union lawyers old Federal Judge T Alan Golds 2 Whether to appeal at once to the circuit court of appeals or adopt delaying tactics The legal staff left no doubt that an appeal vill be taken but the timing was problematical 3 The prospect of a new con iempt citation if Lewis continues to ignore Judge Goldsboroughs reaffirmed order to call off the strike 4 The possibility of prosecution under the SmithConnally act which makes it a penal offense to ncite or encourage strikes against he government Sitting in on the union confer ence was SecretaryTreasurer Thomas Kennedy former lieuten ant governor of Pennsylvania on whom will rest the responsibility of raising the bond if Lewis de cides to meet it Kennedy has re ported the unions treasury is good for Joseph A Padway AFL chief counsel who joined Lewis staff for this momentous legal show down said Wednesday in court that the union may let the govern ment try to collect the fine in any ay it sees fit Padway made it clear the union does not intend to dispossess it self of its holdings ;