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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 5, 1936, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLII1 FIVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SEKV1CJC MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 52 COLONIES FAILURES South America Is Not for North Americans CHARLES P STEWART W ASHINGTON i d e n t Roose veil by his it to South America h a ad v ertisec South Ameri can nations as ones with which the United State desires to be friends But South Americ is not a desir able part of the world for North American colo nization We can ad vantageously send our repre sentatives there to live in the southern continents big cities and develop our business rela tionships with the folk out in the sticks But we ourselves cannot stand the South American sticks they are too primitive for us They are exactly as nature cre ated them They lack telegraphs telephones and radios They are removed by days from mail com munications The settler must build his own house from bricks of his own manufacture He must dig his own well Sanitary plumb ha Lighting of an eve sur vived an attack of anthrax which kills about 95 per cent of Us vic tims without one Pioneers Needed It takes genuine pioneers such as we havent had since covered wagon days to brave such experi ences We of today are far too soft for such experiences Europe and especially southeri Europe which we are in the habi of speaking of quite scoffingly produces some of the human raw material equal to defying these hardships But can do it Italians Spaniards and DETERMINED TO MARRY WALLIE Pope Stricken With Paralysis in Both Legs FEAR PIUS MAY NEVER BE ABLE TO WALK AGAIN 3ontiff Spends First Day in Bed Since He Became Head of Church VATICAN CITY ope kis XI benign 79 year old of the was tricken Saturday by slight par alysis on both legs and some high prelates said he might never walk again His sp i ri I brave he spent his first day in bed since h e assumed the leadership o f the Catholic church 14 years ly resigned of ficials either to be coming better or worse I am in the hands of a high prelate Its the Season for Filling the Empty Stocking quoted him as Turks are building trp the South American backcountry In my time in early postwar South America three ambitious attempts were made at North American colonization All fizzled Inhospitable Kegions Their promoters might have ex pected it from a similar attempt made just after the Boer war by the beaten South African Dutch men Those boys were pretty hard boiled They should have been able to stand the gaff if anyone could However they were dump ed into an exceptionally inhospi table Maybe they should not be blamed for having petered out as they did They all went back to South Af rica anyway But North American coloniza tion was tried out in a favorable Chaco scene of the recent clash between Paraguay and Bolivia Friendly Country Now the Chaco has been de scribed as a green It isnt It is a friendly vir gin soil well watered not unrea sonably hot not much pestered by hostile Indians I have traversed it and know it It is at least as kindly as our own west was in the pioneer period We however have not the crust that our own pioneers had Our first South American stab was made under the auspices of the late Tex Rickard Tex Kitkard Tried undertook to establish cattle raising in the Argentine Chaco He obtained a huge con cession and moved into it with a consisting mainly of southwestern Yankee cowboys Wouldnt one think that they could have stood the gaff Less than half a dozen of them are on the job now ones 3 millionaire The rest went home couldnt en dure it Tex lost a million on his experiment Alfalfa Bill Murray tried to colonize the Bolivian Chaco It would not work even as Texs scheme would not work Ive heard Alfalfa Bill1 explain why colonists in the Bo livian Chaco would not stay with him His colony did not make a dent in Bolivia Even a Revolution Fred Engen a NorwegianNorth fJeads of 21 American proposed colonization in the Paraguayan Chaco His folk were Mennonites from Saskatchewan Canada They were pacifists sore from the World war Paraguay agreed to grant them immunity from military service in perpetuity dutyfree entrance of their property and subsequent taxfreedom for a de cade Engen expected to bring in immigrants But his plan precipitated a Par aguayan revolution So his plan too was a fizzle Not enough Mennonites are left Paraguay to signify Pope Piut XI declaring Physicians hovering anxiously about the holy father told him a slight blood letting would relieve his blood pressure and spare him discomfort Discovered by Attendant The pontiff able to move his limbs slightly but not to lift them refused That the popes left leg was paralyzed was discovered Satur day morning by his personal at tendant when he began to assist his holiness to arise THE CHRISTMAS CHEER FUND campaign of 1936 is formally opened with the printing of this famous old picture One thousand dollars will be sought in this solicitation as a guarantee againstthe occurrence in this community of such a tragedy as is here set forth As has been done the administration of the fund will be in tHe Mrs Mabel M Blaise secretary of the Social Wel fare league who by virtue of her daily routine knows the seamy side of life in Mason City as perhaps nobody else does The GlobeGazette will as in the past serve as a collecting agency dispatching the contribu tions each day to Mrs Blaise Gifts may either The paralysis said officials la be brought to the office of this newspaper or sent er was found to have spread to th right leg For some weeks the pope ha been troubled by a heaviness limb But Saturdays paralysis was stated authoritatively wa due primarily to a combination o high blood pressure and arteri sclerosis Other Parts Weak Other parts of his body wer weak For the time due to the popes declination t seek immediate medical no physicians bulletins were is sued All the pontiffs schedule activities as a matter of course were canceled However early Saturday after noon an official notice stated th pontiff was suffering from slight local disturbance due t us quiet conditions which th holy father accepted reluctantly He Signs Letters Nevertheless he continued t ign letters from his bed and ti ransact some other business wit complete good well formed persons affirmed Official Vatican circles held ou optimistic hopes for the popes re covery But it was recalled his trouble Saturday was presaged by his general physical condition dur ing the last three years They remember his recent re mark to a high Vatican official Owing to our great age we musi always be ready and prepared foi the final Prayers will be offered in Rome churches Sunday fathers health for the holy lowan Killed One Hurt CLINTON John son 30 Davenport insurance salesman was in a hospital here Saturday critically injured in an autotrain crash at East Clinton Friday night in which Guy Chellis 50 also of Davenport was killed NATIONS STUDY POLICY STAND Delegations to Peace Conference Make Speeches HULL SPEECH PAGE 7 BUENOS AIRES tions of policy held the attention of delegates to the InterAmerican Peace conference Saturday Speeches by the heads of 21 national delegations were made at the second official session of the assembly Committee work began with a meeting of the peace organization group headed by Chairman Fran cisco Castillo Najera of Mexico The major address of the ses sion was delivered by Cordell Hull United States secretary of state and chief of that nations delegation Hull in assigning com mittee memberships Friday took no post for himself indicating he intends to remain in an advisory capacity on all mattery by mail to this address Christmas Cheer Fund GlobeGazette Mason City Iowa No donation can be either too large or too small Names of donors will be used unless there is a request not to do so in which initials or anonymous labels such as A Friend will be printed in the listing of will be a daily fea ture beginning in the next issue of this newspaper Donations received in advance of the formal opening of the solicitation exceed all previous reason for believing that Mason City will uphold its unsullied reputation of never having failed to reach the goal set for its venture founded on the true Christmas spirit And again it may be observed that thrice blessed is he or she who contributes early Theres an exemplary value to these early donations The first gift received for example was It came from an 11 year old Mason City boy who doubled his 1935 gift Most assuredly this contribution will treble itself in the support it invites for the cause The bank of Good Cheer is open folks Ste right up and make your deposit Madrid Air Raid Victims Buried Under Wreckage 19 Buildings Destroyed Explosives Others Dam aged by Fire MADRID most inten sive aerial bombardment of Ma drid in the four weeks siege bur ied an unastimated number of vie tims Saturday under wreckage i a wide area Officials said the property dam age left by tons of high explosive and incendiary bombs was in calculable They counted at leas 19 buildings razed by the bomb and many others damaged by fire Many civilians lost their lives officials said when the great ar mada of fascist warplanes ed low over the bombed areas anc raked them with machine gun fire Show Deadly Accuracy With deadly accuracy the in surgent bombers devastated the governments barricades in the Dehesa Villa section which with Arguilles where the militia had converted many houses into barri caded fortresses was heavily jombarded also by fascist artil ery Fascist General Francisco Fran co sent 30 bombing planes in the earful mass attack The fleet flew ow and in close formation to dump its 40 ton cargo of bombs along the Paseo de Resales section n the beleaguered capitals north west and into government lines lutside suburban Pozuelo de Alca orn The bombers close ranged trcngth was so formidable they vere unaccompanied by the usual rotective fighting planes Social st pursuit planes which went out o meet them were beaten off by ursts from machine f the newest on ach insurgent bomber 500 Pound Ash Cans Each plane loosed four 500 ound ash as well as mailer bombs In all more than 400 bombs dumped into the city ex loding in an almost continual oar The air attack was followed by renewed fascist drive to sepa ate Madrid proper from the Casa el Campo park by an attack on ozuelo and the Manzanares riv r valley The sharp crack of tank artil ry and antitank firing could be card distinctly from the the river above the sputtering f machine zuns and rifles Have Read Your Newspaper is Stanley Baldwin 2 Who shot a basket for the wrong team when he appeared here in a basketball game with a barnstorming team from Iowa City 3 What is the capital of Uru 4 Who said the Americas should stand shoulder to shoul der against aggression 5 Where was John Ringling circus magnate who died the past week born 6 The governor of what state was arrested on a charge of con cealing alleged thefts from a bank which he headed 7 What football teams will play in the Rose Bowl New Years day 8 Gus Gennerich died the past week in Buenos Aires What was his job 9 What is the title given a marriage between a king and a commoner in which the com moner does not become queen 10 How much a pound was paid at auction for champion steer at the Interna tional Livestock exposition ANSWERS ON PAGE 2 lans Amendment to Give Presidents of U S Six Year Term OMAHA Edward i said Satur ay he contemplates introducing t the next session of congress a onstitutional amendment to give residents of the United States a ix year term with no reelection rivileges I have in mind the thought lat if such an amendment is not ntroduced by others favoring six ear terms for presidents I will o so and urge quick action on he the senator said WOULD REFORM PAROLE SYSTEM Iowa Police Association in Discussion at Closing Session DES MOINES low State Policemens association dis cussed reform of the state parol system at the closing session of it two day convention here Saturday George Kean Sioux City de tective and association financia secretary launched the discussion with the statement that the pres ent parole system allows hard ened criminals out of jail to prey on law abiding At the opening session of th convention officers indorsed proposal to amend the presenl civil service laws totake police and firemen completely out oJ Association officials saic he proposal would be presentee o the state legislature in January Convicted at Fifth Auto Theft Triai WEST UNION district court jury here Friday convicted James Darringer 20 of Oelwein of automobile theft The trial marked the fifth time in two years that Darringer has faced similar charges OAYS LEFT BUY CHRISTMAS SEALS GIFT THE WIFE SENTIMENT FOR RENEWING TAX ON IOWA SALES 67 Legislators Reply to Questionnaire Only 4 Oppose It Iowa Daily Press Bureau DES MOINES senti ment in both the house and senate of the next Iowa legislature for renewal of the sales tax is pic tured in results to date in the Iowa Daily Press association legislative poll Among the 67 legislators to re ply to the questionnaire thus far than 40 per cent of the legislatures 158 members 49 have declared themselves defin itely in favor of the 2 per cent sales tax Only four have voted against the renewal while the other 14 either were undecided or noncommital Twenty senators from that bodys total of 50 members and 46 lower house legislators have responded to the poll thus far There are 103 members in the louse Expires April 1 The sales tax act expires April 1 1937 and the next legislature must take definite action if it is to be continued A further cross section of sales ax sentiment revealed that most of those answering are satisfied with the present tax of 2 cents on the dollar Jhirtyfive lawmakers affagainst changing the present rate while seven thought the schedule either should be raised or lowered The others took no definite stand on this point Use of sales and income tax money for homestead tax exemp ion or relief was favored by 34 awmakers while 12 others op iosed this use of the money Homestead Exemption Both candidates for governor in the last campaign Governer Elect N G Kraschel and his op ponent George Wilson advocated a homestead exemption tax sys tem in their political speeches Another recent campaign favor ite the use of or of sales and income tax money to helo pay old age pen sions also has proved popular with the lawmakers who thus far have responded Thirtytwo legis lators placed their stamp of ap proval on the idea while 14 are opposed to the plan The state income tax another comparatively new levy proved to be unexpectedly strong in the balloting Fortyfour legislators voted yes in answer to the ques tion Do you favor the present state income tax Only 8 Against Only eight voted against it The LOOK INSIDE FOR JOHN D M HAMILTON Offers to Step Out as G 0 P Manager ON PAGE 2 Newton Preps Wins as Cage Season Is Open ON PAGE 11 Algona Jury Awards Woman Verdict ON PAGE10 Hull Offers Program to American Nations ON PAGE 7 Sugar Factory Closes Annual Fall Campaign ON PAGE 8 The Weather income levy was added to the revenue system in 1934 The state income taxbrackets are so arranged that many more persons pay this levythan are af fected by the federal governments income tax The legislative ques tionnaire therefore included two more income questions that of raising the exemptions so that fewer will pay the tax and that of increasing the rates in the larger income brackets Those answering opposed raising the exemptions 30 to 11 while the count on in creasing the rates in the upper Brackets found 17 favoring the joost and18 opposing While the poll makes no attempt o trace the identity of the legis lators several signed question naires were returned Senator Claire Dewey Washington called the replacement claims of he sales and income tax pro ponents a cruel joke but said he vould vote for their continuance f the money is used for homestead exemption Would Repeal Tax Another lawmaker favors re seal of sales tax on food possibly and shoes where the val ue of each item does not exceed 3 while several declared them elves for the sales tax only if the money is used for homestead Another favors the ncome tax because he believes in direct and visible systems of tax On use of sales taxes for xemption one legislator declared wouldnt be any tax to llocate if I had my Among other answers were Republican on to homestead relief and old ge Favor repeal of ales tax on food possibly wear ng apparel and shoes where the alue does not exceed for each Continue the sales tax if is a replacement Allo ate surplus to school FORECAST IOWA Snow in north portion snow or rain in south portion Saturday night or Sunday slowly rising temperatures in extreme east colder in north west portion Saturday night colder Sunday in central and west portions much colder in the northwest MINNESOTA Snow Satur day nigrht and Sunday not so cold in extreme east Saturday night colder in central and west portions Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum Minimum in Night At 8 A M Saturday Snowfall Precipitation 19 Above 9 Above 20 Above Trace Trace The weather Saturday was the most wintry in character of any experienced thus far in the sea son A brisk snow was driven by a strong south wind WEEKLY FORECAST weather outlook for the period of Dec 7 to 12 Upper Mississippi and lower Missouri valleys and northern and central great plains Much un settled with frequent precipitation cold first part of week north portions followed by warmer temperatures mostly near or somewhat below normal south portions with rising temperature latter part of week Continue the tax Do not know as yet what allocation I Old Age Pensions Democratic to old age pensions with home stead exemptions if expeoUent and Allocation in part to old age pensions Old age pension and state aid increase for public Homestead re lief old age assistance and edu Homestead Im for the homestead last and all the Democratic representati v e Five million for old age balance Old age pension or homestead Home stead relief Pay pensions in fulL Some form of homestead relief depending on Republican representa t i v e Exempt foods from sales Homestead relief then Pensions first homesteads sec ond schools Schools and homestead CABINET GIVEN KINGS ANSWER TO ULTIMATUM Edward Cancels All of His Official Engagements for Present LONDON Edward of England told his distressed irate cabinet Saturday he is determined to marry Wallis then formally canceled all his of ficial engagements for the pres His supporters seized joyfully on those last three words con tained in a Buckingham palace announcement They thought it meant he merely wanted to have his hands free to deal with the present constitutional Prime Minister Stanley Baldwins ultimatum that he and Mrs Simp son must not wed The king it was learned from a high source has not decided to has decided nothing except that he will marry his American friend Government Warned But the cards still were stacked ligh against him Late Saturday in what was in erpreted as a flat warning to the government and a powerful swing o the side of the sovereign Lord Xothermere said in the Evening tfews You cannot smuggle the great est living Englishman off the throne of England during the The publisher urged time for the solution of the crisis Haste is indecent he pro claimed At Fort Belvedere the king was described as cheerful and in the best of health by a friend who talked to him shortly before 4 p m Mrs Simpson Phones Reports from Vienne France said Mrs Simpson who hastened from England Thursday night had telephoned Buckingham palace Presumably the palace switch board connected the call with His schedule for next week now presumably wiped out had in cluded a tour of the potteries of Staffordshire and Birmingham an inspection of the Scots guards at the tower of London and open ng of the peoples palace at Mile End While the king remained in the country the archbishop of West minster Dr Arthur Kinsley is sued a statement asking for spe cial prayers for the king by all Catholics Sunday He granted permission lor ex position of the blessed sacrament or this intention Prayers are Invoked Angelican prayers for the mon arch already have been invoked y the archbishop of Canterbury The highest sources asserted the king was still determined to marry Mrs Simpson They said he iad not yielded to the govern ments ultimatum that he re and uncondi American woman vho is the choice of his heart The most authoritative sources leclared this information was con to the cabinet Saturday uring a gloomy 40 minute session t Prime Minister Stanley Bald wins home The over the romantic empireshaking left the official residence in a drizzling rain just 40 minutes aft er they first had entered To Convene Monday They will convene to discuss the tense situation again at a Monday C S During the interval they had been instructed to stand by and remain in or near London The government has been prom ised the kings final word within 48 hours it was understood Twenty ministers attended the session of the cabinet As some were leaving the Baldwin resi dence automobilesbearing ban ners urging the king not to sur render appeared in nearby streets Confound the said one of the signs on the cars A free country and a free declared another The popular movement which reached its climax in widespread demonstrations in the kings fav or throughout London was report ed spreading even among conser vative parliament Opposition U Formidable The wholesituafioA shared up like 1 Official oppositioHtothe king is of the most formidable charac ter Official and party headquar ters say opinion is hardening in conservative ranks that the sov ereign will have to choose abdica ion as an escape from his present dilemma 2 British opinion as reflected by the cress and on 4 ;