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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 4, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT G HISTOSY AND OES WOINES l C r HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND LEASED Year Carriers Steamed Toward Hawaiians EDITORS NOTE Here at last is the siory with many previ ously unpublished facts of how war was forced upon us in the none It has been assembled by a correspondent who was in Japan when the military clique shaped its plans and who now is in a position to reveal the inside developments of the socalled peace negotiations of last year in Washington By H O THOMPSON WASHINGTON year ago Friday Japanese air plane carriers were sliding stealthily toward Pearl Harbor for the Dec 7 attack This treacherous onslaught had been carefully planned arid it can now be revealed that Japan long intended to fight us if we would not give in to her demands For a year Japan talked peace and made preparations for war As the showdown neared her tone became open ly ominous Japan made it clear in November of lust year that she was becoming impatient that if she were going to fight the United States she preferred to do it soon Japan told this government on Dec 1 1941 hat she feit she must either surrender to the United States or fight us Six days later Japan struck at Pearl Harbor Here is the story written from the inside about how the war developed I saw the story unfold both in Tokio and Washington Aft er more than five years in the orient I returned to Washington and have been covering the state MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY DECEMBER 4 1942 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 48 NAZIS ATTACK IN TUNISIA 1 n ff r Both bides Suffer Losses in Big Tank Battle partment since Sept 1 1941 InciI dents which could not be assessed at their proper value when they occurred have now been clarified The record now put in proper sequence shows that Japan de termined as far back as January of 1941 that she would fight unless we gave her what she wanted And from the start the shameful strategy of a surprise attack upon Pearl Harbor without a declara tion of war was part of her plan Japan wanted as the price of peace complete political eco nomic and cultural domination of the entire western Pacific Japan would accept nothing less as an alternative to war Japan demanded that the Uni ted States abandon China that we persuade China to come to peace with Japan on Japans terms on July 24 offered the Japanese a chance to demonstrate peaceful intentions by withdrawing troops from IndoChina The troops were not withdrawn On July 2G the united States took a sharp coun termeasure by freezing Japanese assets in the United States Trade between Japan and the United States virtually ceased Oil movements to Japan the subject of increasing restrictions starting with the moral embargo of De I cember 1939 stopped entirely On Aue 17 President Roose velt returned from his Atlantic charter conference vilh Prime Minister Winston Churchill They had discussed the Far East Churchill told Jlr Roose velt he thought a firm hand with Japan would pay divi dends Lets send them a warning The United Stales refused to ChurchillSsuggested iutofaijiin abandon China The United States v vnurcmiis suggestion was insisted on the basic Aroencan adopted Japan countered with a and personal messageto Mr Roosevelt respect for territorial r emen a respect for territorial Go back to September 1940 wuo suggestea mac ne meet the Japan joined the axis then The president somewhere on the Pa JaDfinpp avi 11V nifin rnnnni Japanese army wanted immedi ately to attack Singapore and the Netherlands East Indies The navy held back It said it could not engage in such far flung cam paigns and at the same time pro tect the homeland There was angry brawling on streets and in hotel lobbies be tween Japanese army and navy officers But by the end of 1940 the navy was ready to accept the army view and the war plotting began In January 1911 private Japanese and American sources brought informally to the American government a sugges tion that Japan would welcome an opportunity lo shift away from her axis lies and modify her attitude toward China wilh whom she had been at war since July 1937 But the United States embassy in Tokio through channels re garded as reliable also heard that Japan intended to strike without warning at Pearl Harbor if the United Stales would not become a party to Japans brazen ideas of a far eastern overlordship The United States ihoush skep tical of Japans professions of peace decided to explore every possibility of achieving a setllc ment consistent with our princi ples So Ihe talks began Ambassador KicViisaburo No mura presented his credentials here on Feb 14 1941 On March 8 Hull received No mura and expressed hope that the ambassador had something con structive to offer Nomura talked of liberalized commercial rela tionships between nations and af firmed Japans desire for a peace settlement of Pacific issues But he offered no concrete plan On April 16 Hull gave Nomura a fourpoint statement of prin ciples to which Japans agreement was desired 1 Respect for territorial integ rity and the sovereignty of na tions 2 Support of the principle or noninterference in internal af fairs of other countries 2 Support of the principle of equality including equality of commercial opportunity 4 Nondisturbance of the status quo in the Pacific except as il might be means T T mrce men met again at ixomura came back on May 12 II1111 s hotel apartment on Nov JO with a proposal that the United On the 20th the Japanese brought aiH tlhnf JMI altered by peaceful States cease aid to China and ne gotiate a settlement of the Sino it or leave it Japanese war on terms which the Chiang Kaishek government ic wiuieu otaies cm mumc except as Japanese learned of an imminent Japanese troops might be deployed in into southern French IndoChina T 2 Japan would withdraw troops n no soucrn IndoChina The Japanese said it was a purely precautionary move At this point it appeared the U t lilt U IllUIlt i SJapancse talks would bo brok Japan en off But PrcsiHpnt Roosevelt Churchills suggestion was ooseve from Premier Fumlmarp Kpnbye who suggested that he meet the cific Mr Roosevelt on Sept 3 expressed a desire to collaborate with Konoye but said a discus sion of fundamental questions was a necessary preliminary to such a meeting Japan handed in another docu ment on Sept 6 and the United States sent a communication to Japan on Oct 2 These messages merely underlined the fundamen tal differences in viewpoint be tween the two countries On Oct 13 Kaname Wakasugi Japanese minister who had made a roundtrip to Japan despite ill health reported to Undersecretary of State Sumncr Welles that there was danger of a coup in Japan which would bring into power the firebrands who favored war on the side of the axis He suggested a temporary settlement leaving out the question of China That replied Welles would be like producing the play Ham let without the character Ham let On Oct 17 a new cabinet headed by Gen Hideki To jo came into power It seemed that Wahasugis forebodings were being fulfilled On Nov Hull informed the cabinet fully of the situation He reported to the army and navy lhat a crisis was immi nent x 3 x The army and navy urged Hull to prolong the conversations while defense preparations were rushed But the Japanese already were maneuvering to strike They fed misleading information into for eign channels in the hope that it would put us off our guard Americans in Tokio were toW that Japan was bogged down in Nov 16 1941 Saburo China On Kurvisu usually regarded villain in Japans prePearl Har bor diplomatic game arrived in Washington Hull received Kurusu and No mura on the day after Kurusirs arrival and Kurusu said there was a feeling in Japan since Ihe freezing order thai if Japan had lo right us she should do it while she still could Hull said Japanese extremists seemed to be looking for trouble and that ihc Japanese govern ment ought lo lake the situation by the collar The three men met again at what must have been their take 1 Japan and the United States wi itiuis wnicn ana tne unilea States patently would be unacceptable to would agree not to advance mili Cnianf Inrilv tarily in any regions of the south any legions oi IDe SQUln J fl Pacifi XCP M Japanese ops from indoChina upon establish ment of peace between China and 3 The United States and Japan He Didnt Mason City Boy on IllFated Sent Cheer Gift lo F R ORDER IS ISSUED TO END ALL WPA JOBS Operations Will Close Feb 1 or as Soon as Possible Thereafter R Cit Just a little more than a year ago the envelope pictured above reached the GlobeGazette office It contained a criso one dollar most precious contribution ever received by the Christmas Cheer Fund AT af sea on the U S S Arizona bv Gunners Mate Rolan G Howard a Mason City boy a week before the Japs sneak attack at Pearl which cost him his life His ship was demolished In late January the packo parcel of Decker meats sent to Gunners Mate Howard from the 1941 Christmas Cheer back to the Globe Gazette office marked The ad dressee died in the service of his country With the precious from on a gaycolored Christmas carS was this little message Please accept these stood wishes and this small contribu tion from a former Mason City an Hope you reach your goal this year This years Christmas Cheer Fund is being dedicated to Rolan and his buddies in service Investigation by a special com mittee of the Social Welfare League administrator of the fund since its establishment six teen years ago has revealed that it would be impractical lo get re membrances to the boys in service Hundreds of them are on battle fronts so distant that the would not reach them until into February or even March Then too officials have let it be known that shipping space is at a premium The one alternative left is to do Ihe best job ever this year in would cooperate in obtaining raw materials from the East Indies 4 Commercial relations would be restored to their status prior to the freezing orders 5 The United States would cease aid to China On the cvcningof the 25th Hull considered the idea of offering the Japanese a 90 day truce or breathing spell during which fresh peace could be made On the following day the his toric 2Gth Hull changed that plan after consultation with President Roosevelt and handed the Japa nese a document outlining a broad but simple settlement of Pacific problems which could be worked out during our further conversa tions Kurusns nervous mannerisms were more apparent than usual as he glanced through the docu ment He muttered as he read Finally he blurted oul If this is the attitude of Ihe American government I dont see how an agreement is possi ble Tokio will throw up its hands atthis On Nov 23 Hull told he army and navy that diplomacy had done seeing that there are no empty stockings in this community on Christinas morning Two of the cash gifts already received have come from Mason City boys in service f have an extra dollar that Uncle Sam gave me wrote Pvt Ed ward q Jones printer on leave from CsunW White Medford Ore So I think I will spend it where it will do the most good This is to tell you Eddie that the folks back home arent going to let youdown The goal for this sixteenth annual Christmas Cheer Fund has been set for The eenerous people of this community have never failed to do their once They wont fail this year For the opening list donors Monday Dec anniversary of Pearl been chosen From then until the day before Christmas there will be a daily listing showing the progress to ward the 52000 goal How about having YOUR gift included in this opening roll of honor Address it Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa all it could He warned again that it looked as though the Japanese would strike As it proved later the forces that struck Pearl Har bor were already in motion then On Dec 1 Hull talked to the Japanese about threatening new troop movements in IndoChina At President Roosevelts request an inquiry was sent to Japan re garding the Japanese reinforce ments to IndoChina By now Japanese carriers were advancing to attack stations So the Japanese ambassadors brought in a liecrowded note in which Tokio blandly asserted the IndoChina Iroop move ments were defensive in char acter On Saturday night the 6th President Roosevelt sent to Em peror Hirohito an urgent appeal for maintenance of peace connivings of the warlords Tokio prevented the message fr reaching the emperor in time have any effect The next da3 Sunday Dec 7 Japanese bombs fell on Pearl Harbor The rom to Buy War Savings Bond and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boj WASHINGTON ioosevelt Friday ordered com plete liquidation of the Work Projects relief program The president iti a letter lo Major General Philip B Fleming Federal Works administrator said the WPA rolls had greatly de creased through the tremendous increase in private employment assisted by the training and re employment efforts of its own or ganization to a point where a na tional work relief program is no longer necessary iIr Roosevelt ordered the closing out of all project opera tions in many slates by Feb 1 1943 and in other states as soon thereafter as feasible By taking this action the president said in his letter which he read lo his press conference there will be no need to provide project funds for the Works Proj ects Administration in the budget far the next fiscal year Mr Roosevelt said certain groups of workers still on the re lief rolls may have to be given assistance by the states and lo calities others would be able to find work on farms or in industry TjirevailinB rates olvpay as pri e employmentcontinues to in isev v Some of the present certified war projeclv he added may have to be liken over by other units of the federal works agency or by other departments of the federal eovernment State or local projects should be closed out by completing useful units of such projects or by ar ranging for the sponsors to carry on the work With these considerations in mind I agree that you should di rect the prompt liquidation of the affairs of the work projects ad ministration thereby conserving 3 large amount of the funds appro priated lo this organization WILL BE CLOSED AS RAPIDLY AS POSSIBLE DES MOINES work projects administration program in Iowa will be closed out as rap idly as possible under President Roosevelts liquidation order Iowa Administrator John M Naughton said Friday We had figured we would be through by March1 I anyway Naughton commented after ex claiming thats just fine when informed of the cxcculive order The Sioux City man said manv months ago he was trying to work myself oul ol a job Largest construction projects in operation include i school auditor ium at Webster City which is about 60 per cent complete a similar auditorium at Ogden which is BO per cent complete and a gymnasium at Sommers about 50 per cent complete WPA also has about 800 men employed on a slatewide scrap project which includes the re moving of street car rails etc and about 800 women working on school lunch programs CHARGED WITH MURDER SPIRIT LAKE with the murder of his sister with a carpenters draw knife 31year old Allen Baines was arraigned before Judge Judge G W Still man who set his hearing for next Tuesday Strip Tease Dancer Was WAACAWOL Flying Yankee Ace Missing r DES MOINES Thai exotic lamor girl billed as Amber d Georg who save an appreciative audience a Thanksgiving strip tease treat at the Casino theater was discloseB Friday to be TJ A O L WAAC Military police who had been looking for the missing member of tile womens army auxiliary corps picked her up after the mat inee for being absent without leave Officers at the Fort DCS Moines training school confirmed her nr rest after Pete Deeenzie theater mnnager related how tlie pretty irl with reddish brown hair had iven the featured dancing per formance She hid applied for n job in the Casino follies he re lated She said she hart been stranded here from some show or other that her real name was Amber dGeoro and that she was sup posed to be from Fort Worth Tex the manager said I had no idea at all hat she was a WAAC I was shocked to death when I found out The IU Ps showed up after the matine he said and waited while Amber put on more appro priate street clothing They missed her then but found her at an other theater FRENCH FLEET Sailors Scuttled so as Not to Submit to Nazis By C R CUNNINGHAM ALLIED HEADQUARTERS North Africa Dec captains two French submarines which escaped from Toulon revealed Friday that the French the most would have been brought over to the allied side if the ships had had enough fuel Lacking oil the officers re vealed the meu decided to scut tle the fleet rather than submit to the Germans The captains of the submarines Casablanca and Marsouin de scribed the German invasion of Toulon The captains said the Germans evidently had prepared carefully for the occupation of the naval base for hundreds planes ranged over thearea both from Marseilles and Toulon town They dropped magnetic mines on us in showers one captain said Three exploded only a hun dred yards off my bow on the starboard before I crash dived The United Press had written Admiral Jean Darlan for per mission to talk with the captains Permission was granted after three days Darlan s living at a subuiium villa near allied headquarters He himself refused to be interviewed at Lieut Col Boyd D Buzz Wagner 26 year old army flyer famed for aerial exploits in the Philippines and far Pacific was reported missing on a flight practically at home from El gin Field Fla to Maxwell Field Ala Wagner shown above is from Emeigh Pa NELSON WINS POWER VICTORY WPB to Direct Output of Aircraft and Radio WASHINGTON If Charles E Wilson vice chairman of the war producaion board Friday re ceived final power to direct tiie producaion of aircraft radio equipment and escort vescls along with supervisory control over all other munitions production The climax of a wcck5lon0 struggle authority over pro duction scheduling between civil ian and military officials repre sented by WPB Chairman Donald M Nelson on one hand and heads of Ihc armed services on the other came in a statement announcing full agreement by nil concerned Issued jointly by Nelson Secre tary of War Stimson and Secre tary of the Navy Knox it was in terpreted as a substantial victory for Nelson In accompanying statement vested in Nelsons vice chairman general supervision over the scheduling of the programs be tween Die various services Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not cjuite so cold Friday afternoon and Kriday nighl lowest temperature Kri day night in Mason city V2 not much change in icmpcratui Saturday forenoon IOWA Not quite so cold in south 1 portion Friday night slowly ris ing temperature in entire slate Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Little change in temperature Friday night and Saturday forenoon snow flur ries northeast and extreme north portions FN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 12 Minimum Thursday night I At 8 a in Friday 3 YEAR AGO Maximum 4ft Minimum 4 MacNider in Front Line Gets 8 Wounds From Grenade V V i1 jS jjj xc v By MURL1N SPENCER SOMEWHERE IN GUINEA Nov Gen Hanford Mac Nider former assistant secre tary of war who has been with the American task force attack ing Buna received eight wounds Wednesday night from a Japa nese grenade while in the front lines A spokesman for General Douglas MacArthur in allied headquarters Australia said Thursday Gen MacNider i is in an Australian hospital and recovering nicely He said the wounds were not serious Gen MacNiders aide Maj C M Beaver of Yankton S Dak was uninjured but an American soldier with them was killed Here is Major Beavers story We had been at the forward line where the Americans were laying down a mortar barrage against machinegun nests and located two of them The Japs retaliated with machincgun lire and mortar fire General MacNider and I were sitting there when we saw a soldier jump into a hole Gen eral MacNider went over o talk to him and was standing only about five feet away There were three blinding explosions All of us were thrown to the ground The soldier was blown in two Genera Mac Nidcr was wounded but the rest of us were unhurt Back in the hospital the gen eral refused to use another blanket saying some other soldier needed it worse than he He ilso complained that other soldiers needed blood plasma worse General MacNider a former commander of the American Legion whose home is in Mason City Iowa received two wounds in the ight arm one in the ab domen two on the right thigh one on each knee and one in the right hand The tall hardworking gen eral was a familiar sight at headquarters near the front line sitting working on the little porch of a bamboo hut He wore the same uniform 35 the others a camouflaged green jungle suit and had been under fire a number ot times Once when Ihc Americans began their original allack he crossed a river with Ihc Iroops although the Japanese were known lo have a machinegun nest near by He was in the vicinity when the machinegun was put out of action American soldiers kill ing or woundirig the Japanese who were ready to open fire with the gun The American troops fic quenlly commented on Ihe fact that General MacNider was up among them at the front ALLIES BATTLE TO KEEP LINES NEAR 2 BASES United Nations Have Longer Route to Bring Up Aerial Reinforcement BULLETIN LONDON Morocco ra dio broadcast heard here by Kcutcrs Friday said violent fighting is in progress in the sector of Mateur 25 miles south of Bizertc on the railroad in Tunisia By HARRISON SALISBURY United Press Sluff Correspondent Allied forces in Tunisia fought Saturday to hold their vanguard positions against increasingly powerful nazi opposition Battle reports made evident that the trend of fighting had turned slightly against the Brit ishAmerican columns drivine on Tunis ana Bizcrtc and that a stiff bloody fight must pre cede the ouster of the axis from Tunisia The largest tank battle of the campaign it wns revealed was fought along a triangular front between Tebourba and Djcdcida roughly 12 to IB miles west of Tunis Both the Germans and the allies suffered substantial tank losses apparently about equal However there were indications the nazis were pressing the allies hard to fortvard positions alongthe TebourbaDjedeida Djedeida it was reported had changed hands repeatedly At the moment it appeared that fighting still was in progress at Tebourba and in the western suburbs of the town The blgr handicap of Ihc allied columns was lack of sufficient air support dispatches revealed The a shorter ferrying planes into action in Tunisia faster than the allies with their long haul into Algeria and hen up o the Tunisia fronl In London it wns admitted frankly that Ihe allies had lost some ground in Tunisia and that the campaign for the moment was not going loo well Radio Paris claimed that the nazis had pushed west of Tebourba and another axis report asserted 22 allied tanks were destroyed in the encoun ter Apparently about 50 tanks on each side were engaged Despite the allied setback no doubt was felt over the eventual outcome of the drive Lieut Gen K A N Anderson obviously was waiting until his strength was built up before launching his main push The size of the axis forces in Tunisia was estimated at about 28000 troops of which 11000 German ana 8000 Italian were described as combat units Cairn reported that British tor pedo planes sank two ships off the cast const of Tunisia and other planes bombed Tunis Bizertc and a railroad train near Gabcs The air force also attacked Candia on the island of Crete and axis posi tions west of E Agheila No major land righting was reported on Ihe El Agheila front KED TROOPS PACE IN RUSSIA SLOWS UP The pace ol events on the Rus sian front was reported slowed both by stiffened nazi resistance and by increasingly winlcry con ditions The Russians reported short ad vances west of Moscow in the Rzhev area where a railroad sla lion was captured and northwest of Stalingrad where an important height was seized Small gains in the Velikie Luki area were re ported However at Stalingrad the I nazis again were counterattacking in an altcmpl to restore sonic Ihc lost positions of Ihc past few days HEAR KKIORTS OF TROUBLE IN ITALY Inside the axis front there were continuing reports ot trouble Lon don heard rumors that a group of Italian senators had petitioned King Victor Emmanuel to bring the war to a hall Italians were reported fleeing into both France and Bulgaria to escape the rain of British bombs Ankara heard thai Premier Bcnito Mussolini is suffering ;