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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 4, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME rtXn UU t H HI r 11 151 M C M i5 ART 0 EPr 0 f Io COUP i t 3 o i f s is THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVI ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUI4 TJASFT FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY DECEMBER 4 1939 TMS PAPER CONSISTS OK TWO SECTJONS SECTION ONE f REPORT FINNS CAPTURE 1500 REDS Hopkins and Hull Differ By CHARLES P STEWART STATE SECRETARY CORDELL HULL and Commerce Secretary Harry L Hopkins are a couple of free traders but theyre not quite alike at that Secretary Hull es sentially is an international free trader S e c r e tary Hopkins is a free trader of the internation al type Ive no doubt that Cor dell favors in tra as well as inter national free trade or that Harry is an inter as well as an in tra nationalist However the CordeUHull formers inter est is particularly inter The lat ters is especially intra In short Secretary Hulls prime object is to knock down tariff bar riers between the worlds coun tries Secretary Hopkins is to knock em down between our home states Such barriers between countries are an old story Within our domestic United States comparatively theyre a new thing Secretary Hull Thesis Secretary Hulls argument that no one country can be pros perous unless most of the rest of the world is And the world he insists cant be prosperous with out a pretty free interchange o trade So he went to work in be half of a network of compacts be tween Uncle Sam and other na tions one after another abolishin mutual comrnercial restrictions a King George VI Visits in France ALLIES EXTEND NAZI BLOCKADE MAKE AIR RAID British Report Sub Warships Struck in Helgoland Attacks BULLETIN COPENHAGEN Ger man minelayer struck a mine and sank off the Danish coast Monday Only two survivors were found of the crew believed to have numbered 50 LONDON George VI las arrived in France on a visit to British troops it was an nounced officially Monday The king landed in France Monday afternoon from a British destroyer The kingwas accompanied by one of his brothers Major General fhe Duke of Gloucester who Is chief liason officer to Lord Gort commander in chief of British field forces A communique said King George intends tp make a per sonal tour of troops in France dur ing his stay in that country but did not give the length of the vis it The king was following in thj footsteps of his father King George V who made repeated vis its to troops in Belgium France in the World war During a visit to the front in 1915 a horse yvhich George V wa riding became startled by th dickers andis after A lot of our Yankee producer object violently to them though For instance Our farmers dont want foreigr agricultural stuff encouraged t come into the U S A in eompe tition with ours Montana prefer none of Chiles copper Oklahoma and Texas get up no enthusiasm over Venezuelas oil Sugar isnt welcomed by our beet folk There are numerous other commodities Nevertheless Secretary Hull has gone ahead with his deals He has I done it under an act of congress permitting him to do so Early in January this authority will expire Its opponents want it choked off then on the ground that the state department cant constitutionally conclude treaties without senato rial sanction Secretary Hull has been doing it but was it constitutional Between the States Theres no question as to Secre tary Hopkins Theres no constitutional dispute that the states are a unit They try to set up a division though State No 1 lets say slaps up an impost against adjoining state No 2 To be sure it isnt called a tariff State No 1 well assume has a sales tax State No 2 hasnt Con sequently prices are a trifle higher in Nol thanin No 2 The result is that No 1s residents tend to do theirshopping in No 2 and bring their purchases back with them into No 1 by auto or other wise So No 1s legislature inspired by the businessmen who elect it hits on a scheme to levy on these imports at the state line As a protective tariff the federal courts would knock such a law out in short order But the pre tense is that incoming commodi ties need to be inspected and theres a charge for it Or maybe theres some sort of a sanitary em bargo Or auto tags have to be changed at the state line with a fee for doing it Many states have regular ports entry with whal virtually amount to custom houses This sort of thing has playec smash with our interstate flow o business Complicated As secretary of commerce Har ry Hopkins thinks its up to him to demolish this system as soon as possible To that end hes creat ing a commission to investigati the situation and hit on a method of giving us internal free trade regardless of our relations with foreign countries Its rather complicated for i threatens to bring the federal gov ernment into conflict with numer ous slate governments Nevertheless Hopkins problem isnt as puzzling as Secretarj Hulls because theres a genera prejudice against interstate tariffs whereas were accustomed to th international kind When Harr proves his case most American England under supervision and wis confined t his bed for some time BLOCKADE OF NAZI GERMANY EXTENDED LONDON Britain and France Monday extendec their blockade of Germany t seizure of nazi exports includin those carried by neutral vessels Britain simultaneously an nounced she had put 33 German merchant ships out of action in three months of war on her en emys sea trade Unofficial reports list 87 Britis nerchant ships lost in sea war The blockade of exports share Mention with the raid Sunday b oyal Air Force bombers on th lerman naval base of Helgolan i which the air ministry an ounced direct hits on naz varships The German high comman aid the raiders only scored one it on a small fishing It also announced a German ubmarine had been destroyed by a flyer on patrol over the North ea The report on Britains war on German sea trade to date said Germanys merchant shipping loss totaled 171 3DO ions It said 144 German submarine crewmen had been taken prison ers during the hree months of the war A total of 410 British lives were eported lost in merchant ship inkings compared to the reported oss of only four German lives at tributed to gunfire from their own submarine as a ship was being brought to port by a British prize The Empty Stocking BREAK IN U S RED RELATIONS IS POSSIBILITY Some Senators Back Move Others See It as Disadvantageous WASHINGTON gov ernment was reliably reported Monday to be proceeding with caution and looking well info the future in studying the possibility of severing diplomatic relations with Russia Some senators of both major parties have advocated this course as a protest against the soviet invasion of Finland But the state department is known to be taking the position that the United States would lose many advantages should it take this step For example it was said tlii country might be in a better posi tion to participate in a peace con fereuce if relations are main taired If relations are severed some persons contend the Unitei States might make an enem which would not be desirous o having this country sit in at peace conference which might b of vital importance to the Unitei States RedBranded roup Upheld by First Lady The announcement said 1he British navy enabled 21000000 tons of British shipping to ride the seas safely with a loss of only 4 per cent of the total naval ton nage The Helgoland raid was hailed here as the most successful air offensive of the war so far The air ministry also an nounced one bomb from a Royal Air Force plane destroyed a German submarine in the North sea Sunday and other reports listed four more German sub marines as sunk in recent days In Berlin DNB official Ger man news agency said an at tempted British air raid on Hel goland was driven off with only a fishing boat sunk and a few bombs The British order to seize Ger man carried in German or neutral proclaimed just a week ago by King George VI Prime Minister Chamberlain had announced It six days earlier as a decision for retalia tion against mine warfare which still is taking a toll of British and neutral shipping ERE it is the story in one famous old pic ture which lies of the an nual Christmas Cheer Fund venture This whole effort is addressed t o the determina tion that the incident here pictured MUST NOT HAPPEN IN MASON CITY Last year the goal was but the total reached 728 This year the goal will be SI500 again Gifts are to be received by the GlobeGazette to be turned over immediately to Miss Doris Bruce whose work as secretary of the Social Welfare league gives her special understanding of places in which there is certainty of an Empty Stocking unless those with a generous heart rally to the cause This is the fourteenth year of the Christmas Cheer Fund There never has been a failure to reach one There isnt going to be this particularly if those who pian to give will set an example by GIVING EARLY It can almost be said that he who gives early gives twice Address all gifts in check or currency to CHRISTMAS CHEER FUND GLOBEGAZETTE MASON CITY IOWA First contributions in the order they were received follow Mason City Chapter DAR5 750 Women of the Moose Chap ter 870 250 Mason City Lions Club2500 History Club 500 Mrs A M Fladness 100 Athenian Club 100 Alchor Shrine NoG100 Central Luther League 500 L P L 500 W E H 500 GlobeGazette 1501 probably will agree with him that interstate trade barriers are bad business Secretary Hull has got to make a lot of converts to his free trade policies Total 57300 Son of Great Finn Painter Killed in War Against Reds HELSINKI Vuur ima GallenKallela son of Fin lands great national painter ha been killed on the eastern fron while leading a patrol against th crew of a Russian bomber fightin in a forest The whole bombe crew was killed Its Fun Its Simple Its Profitable The Chuckle Contest Turn to the WantAd Page Now for Complete Details LOOK INSIDE FOR Ai4500 Pounds WINNIE IUJTH JUDD Murderess Escapes From Hospital Again PAGE 2 1939 Death Toll 467 PAGE 3 Russ Action Filled With COL 2 PAGE 4 Grid Story Moves to New Years Day Line PAGE 9 PLAN PASTORS RITES DAVENPORT Funera services will be held here Wed nesday for the Rev John A Glenn 69 pastor of St Pauls church i Burlington who died Sunday SHORRINO DAYS LEFT Is Going to Reduce KANSAS CITY is etting to be a little too much ips and not enough potamus so ex Clark director of Swope Park oo is cutting down her daily ra tons He wants to reduce her rom 4500 pounds to a dainty 500 She doesnt like it any better ion anyone who has to go on a iet Clark said but if she got ny fatter wed have to put her n rollers Cleo is just a little over 14 fears old If she kept on getting alter it would cut down her life Mr Murphy a Bronx zoo hip po lived to be 40 Theres no rea on Cleo shouldnt too if she uses a little restraint at the dining ta ble Then too the state departmen regards as valuable its presen channels of information repor and intelligence Secretary Hull said at his pres conference Monday he had n taken up the matter of severin diplomatic relations nor had he taken up the question of extending the combat area under the neu trality act to cover Russia The question of withdrawing recpfTiltipii the fore by republican the Roosevelt administrations recognition of the communist government was partly to blame for the invasion of Fin land The government was described as believing that recall of Am bassador Laurence Steinhardt from Moscow for consultation and report would be considered mere ly a rebuke and not a severance of relations There is a precedent for such action in the recall for con sultation of former Ambassador Hugh Wilson from Berlin WASHINGTON Franklin D Roosevelt told report rs Monday that she had investi ated the American Youth con fess long before the Dies commit ee had undertaken thejob and lad found nothing to indicate any outside control Witnesses before the Dies com mittee have contended that the organization is dominated by com munists I know a great many of the young people working as offi cers or with the officers as well as many young people in many other organizations who belong to the congress Mrs Roosevelt said I have read all the literature put out by the congress in the last few years I have read all the resolutions passed at every meeting since the first congress including the last one if if if I have watched the programs of work as they were proposed and as they were carried out under a limited budget I found nothing to indicate any outside control and I found nothing that was not with in the actions which any American citizen could take with propriety The first lady explained that she did not always agree with the young leaders but that she had read all their financial state FINNISH CLAIM HUGE VICTORY BYLAKELADOGA Comparatively Warm Weather to Continue n Iowa 24 Hours DES MOINES and comparatively warm weather will continue in Iowa through Tuesday he weather bureau said Monday ns temperatures averaged about two degrees above normal The mercury ranged from a ligh of 45 dfgrees Sunday at Sioux City down to a low Sunday night of 17 degrees at Charles City although in the extreme east and northeast sections thermom eters did not rise above the freez ing mark during the day Only the extreme southeast cor ner of the state was free of clouds Monday morning Omaha reported a trace of rain The bureau warned shippers to protect for readings of from 15 to 25 degrees Monday night The government was reported to be merely studying nil the factors involved It was said that deci sions on the maintenance of the present relations or possible changes in them were dependent on these studies Publicists for the republican national committee issued ex cerpts from statements made by party leaders in the past oppos ing the exchange of ambassa dors with the Soviets Among them was a 1923 declaration at tributed to Chief Justice Hughes then secretary of state that there should be no encourage ment to those efforts of the so viet authorities to visit upon other peoples the disasters that have overwhelmed the Russian people The Finnish legation made pub lie a denial of charges that Fin nish troops had used poison gas The charges it said were broad cast by Russian radio stations ments which are audited and knew the sources of income and how it was spent Her investigation Mrs Roosevelt said was made when she first lent her name to the congress and began working with it several years ago What else she asked her lis eners can one do to keep from eing duped The first lady was a spectator atDies committee hearings last veek when Ybuih congress lead ers were on thestand Asked if she thought the Dies committee should be continued Mrs Roosevelt said U was not up to her to say but up to con gress TIic committee which held its last scheduled meeting Sat urday expires in January STUDENTS RIOT AGAINST REDS Russian Embassy at Rome Is Guarded in Demonstrations ROME VP Grenadiers and carabinieri guarded the soviet Russian embassy Monday as a throng of students marched on it to demonstrate against the soviet union The students gathered first in front of the Finnish legation where they cheered Finland It was the second such demonstra tion in three days Uniformed fascists were among the throng estimated at 3000 which on Saturday shouted anti bolshevist slogans in front of the soviet embassy for a half hour be fore marching to the Finnish lega tion for sympathetic manifesta tions Strategic Islands Will Be Defended Against Invaders BULLETIN HELSINKI Finnish government an nounced Monday night that 1500 Russian troops had been captured north of Lake Ladoga in the middle sec tion of the RussianFinnish border A spokesman said no details were available immediately BULLETIN BUENOS AIRES Argen tina Argentine government Monday sent a message to the secretary of the league of nations urging expulsion of the soviet union from the league be cause of the invasion of Finland SVANVIK Norway At the Finnish thousand soviet Rus sian soldiers were reported Monday to have been landed at various points on Petsamo fjord northernmost Finland while immense clouds of smoke were sighted over nickel works near Salmijaervi The report of thenew Norway by I J Simcox American manager for the International Nickel com pany of Canada in the Salmijaervi area w h o reached Kirkenes after a tour of inspection of the properties The smoke over the Salmi jaervi nickel properties could be seen from here They ap peared to be ablaze Fighting continued in the region around Petsamo at the head of Petsamo fjord about 30 miles east northeast of Salmijaervi accompanied by the flight of civilians Among refugees arriving at Svanvik Monday morn ing was a mother with a baby born on the way across the harbor over a snowdrifted road Simcox reported that the whole civilian population of Salmijaervi had been re in o v e d and only Finnish BIY CHRISTMAS SEALS The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday slightly warmer in east and south Mon day nfeht and in east and cen tral portions Tuesday MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday warmer except in extreme southwest Monday night sltehl ly warmer in extreme east Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Monday Maximum Sunday 32 Minimum in Night 17 At 8 a m Monday 28 YEAR AGO Maximum 49 Minimum 33 Precipitation Tr GlobeGazette weather figures up to 8 p m Sunday Maximum Sunday 23 At 8 a m Sunday 15 Minimum Saturday night 15 Maximum Saturday 25 Finnish Port in Flames The whole town of Liihihamari Finland was reported in flames after repeated raids by Russian bombing planes These little build ings of the Tourist Inn afforded shelter from the red terror Liihaha mari is in the Petsamo district troops remained While I was in Salmijaervi a married couple from Pet satfio arrived in an autobus carrying the bodies 11 Fin nish soldiers killed in action Simcox said The Russians have landed 3000 troops in the region oE Fetsamo fjord and an attack is expected soon in the direc tion of Lauti There is intense Finnish activity along the road from Petchango to Liinaha niari in preparation to meet this attack Four Russian planes were sighted over Kalosgoki while I was there Thc3 came from the direc tion of Kolo bay I lieaid rifle shooting and Finns told me that the Rus sians were attempting to land parachute troops It was announced Monday the total civilian casualties in the re cent raids were 85 dead and 181 65 being killed in Hel sinki alone Sixteen buildings were de stroyed by bombs 11 by fire and 233 others damaged ATTEMPTS TO SETTLE HOSTILITIES BEING MADE HELSINKI is for tifying the strategic Aaland is lands guarding the entrance to the Gulf of Finland it was announced Monday night A message o this effect has been sent to the league of na tions it was stated These islands had been the ject of a diplomatic tussle be ;