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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 2, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North lowcti Daily Newspaper Edittd for tto J MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE The newspaper that makes all North lowarts VOL 106 Associated United Press rnternationaJ Full Wires MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBERS 1961 neighbors 7o a Parer Consists of Two No V Invasion score u hits Dominican SE Asia again in spotlight Pressures being felt By GILBERT LLOYD US Press Association WASHINGTON All signs indi SANTO DOMINGO Dominican Republic AB Dominican armed forces chief Gen Pedro Rodriguez Echavarria claims that Fidel Castros regime is training an invasion force for an attack on this island nation less than 200 miles from Cuban shores Rodriguez Echavarria the No 2 man in the government of President Joaquin Balaguer told newsmen Friday night he had re ports that between 1800 and 2000 Central Americans were under going invasion training at three camps in Cubas Sierra Maestra Mountains Castros stronghold o revolution days He charged that the genera strikes that have gripped the na lion have But concealed at the beginning Was Commie all the time Castro Iowa Mostly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday with con siderable fog Colder extrem north Sunday Low Saturday 2530 high Sunday 30s ex treme north to 50s south Part ly cloudy and mild Monday Globe Gazette weather data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum Minimum Precipitation Sunrise Sunset YEARAGO Maximum Minimum 45 37 trace 439 25 21 MIAMI Pre mier Fidel Castro admitted Saturday he really has been a dedicated Communist since his college days but he con cealed his views so it would be easier to seize power Castro indicated that he maintained relations with the United States for a short while after his revolution succeeded only because he felt his gov ernment w a s not strong enough to fly in the face of America then He suggested that other opposition leaders in South America follow his example I am a MarxistLeninist and I shall be to the last days of my life the bearded revo lutionary leader said in a five hour speech broadcast by Ha vana radio At the beginning we had to conceal our ideas because otherwise we m i g ht have alienated the bourgeoise and other forces which we knew we would eventually have to fight If it was known that the leaders of the guerrilla battle were radicals the classes which fight us now would have been against us from the start he said Castros early revolutionary movement got strong support from some US quarters but his speech apparently scotched reports that it was U S un friendliness that drove him into the arms of the Commu nists Castro said he consented to talk with U S Ambassador Philip W Bonsai during his early days in power after keeping him waiting as long as because at the time the existing corre lation of forces in the nation favored the exploiters He said Bonsai kept com plaining about his regimes treatment of the banks the telephone company and Amer ican firms even though at that time Manuel Urrutia was president and Jose Miro Cardona was premier Urritia and Miro are now foes of the Castro regime Castro praised the works of Karl Marx Friedrich Engels and V I Lenin the founding of Communism and said Premier Nikila Khrush chevs speech at the 22nd So viel Communist congress was a model account of progress toward Communism He said his government is now in the process of liquidat ing capitalism and hatching a socialist system with the idea of eventually making Cuba a true Communist state Castro said opposition lead ers in other Latin American countries might well follow the example of his revolution Where the objective condi tions exist an attack by a handful of men may be the spark that sets the hayloft afire Castro said Although Castro said he was not referring to any country in particular he coupled his comments on revolution with an attack on Venezuelan Pres ident Romulo Betancourt a favorite target since his gov ernment broke off relations with the Castro regime cate that the hands of the comkeep Dominican troops pinned been part of an overall plan to munist time clock are now pointed directly at Southeast Asia For the past year pressure has stead ily mounted against the small na tions that make up this southern most tip of the great Asian con tinent Since Laos has been all but neutralized South Viet Nam now becomes the number one target After the Reds victory there in 1954 which resulted in partition ing the land it has been no secret that Ho Chi Minh North Viet Nam communist chief and the Chinese will not rest until they complete their conquest down in the capital The strikes centered in this capital show signs of losing their steam but Rodriguez Echavarria said military reinforcements have been shifted to northern Domini can areas in anticipation of trou ble We are not fools he de clared We are ready and keep ing ourselves mobile The military leader said the gf armed forces have no plans at present to break up the strikes aimed at toppling the Balaguer A quick look at the map shows IS tnr the strategic advantage to be tmnS gained by controlling all of Viet Nam Geographically it complete ly outflanks both Laos and Cam bodia and once in communist hands would make them easy vic tims Then with complete control of all the former French IndoChina slates Thailand in turn will be outflanked This staunchly inde pendent nation could not stand alone for long with twothirds of her border facing the Reds If this situation should develop and Thailand falls then both Bur ma and the Malaya Federation would be left open for a direct assault or at least heavy guer rilla infiltration Thus the main tenance of freedom in South Viet Nam is the key to the security of all south Asia A further look at the map will indicate the tremendously diffi regime But he warned that if the security of the state is threatened thats another He implied that he felt the strikes would die a natural death once the strikers are convinced it is a political matter Calm returned to the capital with the approach of a govern mentimposed nighttime curfew after a fourth day of machinegun rattling which marked clashes between troops and antigovcrn ment demonstrators Ten women and a youth were injured apparL Jir ently by noise bomb blasts The demonstrations erupted anew in support of the opposition National Civic Unions refusal to call off the strikes and its jection of a military proposal for a new government formula cult task facing her defenders The short border abutting the Prestige on line m Red The military plan would keep Balaguer in office as head of a sevenman junta and grant the armed forces virtual autonomy northern communist state and the long northwest border with Laos is inaccesible heavy junglemoun tain country which makes defen sive action near impossible Viet Cong communist troops and supplies filter down from the north and cross the illdefined border at will JQuring the past several months these guerrilla forces have to an estimated 25000 The Civic Union the dominant opposition faction seeks to oust Balaguer and form a transitional government as a replacement for the Trujillo holdover regime NEW ENVOY RIO DE JANEIRO Brazil Leitao da Cunha a vet eran diplomat has been ap proved by the Soviet Union to serve as Brazilian ambassador to Moscow Brazil and the So Chinas bid UNITED NATIONS N Y UP The United tates and the Soviet Union have decided to gamble leir prestige on the outcome of Peipings bid for a J N seat This was made clear Friday as the two big powers clashed icadon in the opening round of the China debate Both demon tratcd they were determined to fight every step on the issue of hether the Formosan government of Chiang Kaishek or the ommunists get the seat U S Ambassador Adlai E Stevenson warned delegates that the whole future of the United Nations is at stake with the China representation question The United States has managed o keep the matter shelved 0 years if anyone still has any illu sions about the Communists qual fications for membership in this respect let him be reminded of the use of force by the Chinese Communists in their border dis putes with India Stevenson de clared in a noholdsbarred Photofax faces and surrender after tear gas was discharged Troops sought to halt demonstration in protest Santo Domingor capital of the Dominican Republic against the government of President Joaquin Residents of the city on porch hold cloths to their guer TANK PATROL IN SANTO soldier sits atop tank as it moves along street in i i n T built up men Opposing these shadowy jungle fighters is a 250000 man army However military experts do not consider a 25 to 1 ratio adequate to fight this type of war Proving this out the enemy has become so bold and daring they now oper ate openly in the suburbs of the capital Saigon Organized seven years ago to combat the very situation which has now developed the South East Asia Treaty Organization SEATO so far refuses to take action France one of the mem bers is the main stumbling blocks not wanting to get involved here while still up to her neck in Al gerian troubles The US however has made independent commitments outside of SEATO and now singlehanded ly supports the country A large American military advisory group is training her army while over two billion dollars in foreign aid has haphazardly been thrown in to bolster the sagging economy viet Union resumed diplomatic ties last month after a 14year break SAME Black Flag Meaas Traffic Death in Past 21 Hours Iowa Safety Department Figures On the inside Page 4 Church Features 67 Society News 8 Clear Lake News 9 Comics 10 Mason City News 1213 Latest Markets13 Sports 1516 The Surveyor 19 Business News 21 Transit Schedule 24 North Iowa News 26 N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES JFKs bid rejected BERLIN East German Communist leader Walter Ulbricht has rejected President Kennedys suggestion that the highway access route to isolated West Berlin might be internationalized TrujiUo is reburied PARIS The body of GeneralissimoRafael L Trujillo was taken to PereLachaise Cemetery in Paris for burial French sources said the Trujillo family plans to erect an elaborate monument to the slain Dominican Republic dictator Swift Co hit by order WASHINGTON The Agriculture Department has ordered Swift and Co to cease certain livestock purchase practices which the department said re It might be asked that with al duced competition in buying at markets Swift was this assistance why arent condi tions improving instead of deter iorating Many factors enter the picture contributing to this over all weakness First much of our economic aid has been misused and wasted Also the Viet Namesc army is growing weary and frustrated aft er years of fighting an elusive enemy that cannot bepinned down into battle But above all the bulk of the people seem to be incapable of understanding the real danger and have developed an apathy border ing on complete indifference shopping days hit Less than 1 per cent Few gripes by Reserves WASHINGTON ff Pentagon sources say that out of 119000 Army Reservists and Guardsmen called to active duty less than 1 per cent have put in complaints This estimate the sources said Saturday is based on let ters and other communications received at all Army the field commands the Continental Army Command at Ft Monroe Va and Army headquartershere The president of the National Guard Association Maj Gen William H Harrison also spoke up about griping He said in a statement The griping of a few individuals involved in the recent military callup is casting a shadow upon the patriotism and spirited response of the more than 150000 Na tional Guardsmen and Reservists now on active duty It is evident said Harrison that most of the complaints are coming trom individual Reservists called upon and used as fillers to bring organized units to full strength These com plaints in some instances are from men who have already served on extended active duty and resent a second callup when so many of their friends and neighbors have performed no military service speech In its present mood Steven son said of the Red Chinese re gime it is a massive and brutal threat to mans struggle to better his lot Its gigantic power its reck less ambition and its unconcern for human values he said make it the major world prob lem In a bid to win over some of Peipings supporters Stevenson accused the Communist Chinese of operating camps for young guerrillas in Asia Africa and Latin America so they could touch off revolutions in their home countries Stevenson warned that to admit the Reds would have only one meaning That the United Na tions had knuckled under to Pei Banks given permission to interest pings plan to conquer Formosa and overthrow and abolish the independent government of the Republic of China The Soviet Unions swift retort to the American charges against WASHINGTON na tions 13000 commercial banks have been granted federal per mission to offer savers 4 per cent interest on billion of deposits starting Jan 1 The present limit is 3 per cent and has been in effect for five years The higher maximum was au thorized Friday night by the Fed eral Reserve Board and Federal Deposit Insurance Corp so that janks can become more competi tive with savings and loan asso ciations which generally have paid higher rales Another motive for the was to encourage foreigners and others to keep funds on deposit in the United States rather than move them abroad because of interest rate competition This would help the US balance of payments situation No bank will have to pay high er interest rates as a result of the action They merely have per PLANE MISSING LEOPOLDV1LLE Congo Swedish C46 transport flying with the United Nations in the Congo is missing in the vicinity of Luluabourg with four persons aboard TWIST BANNED BUFFALO N Y UPI Williamsville Junior High School has banned the Twist ak school dances The decision was prompted by the collapse of a teenage girl the Chinese Reds made plain the Kremlin has decided to go much further than token support for the Communists bid PLANS FOR JFK CARACAS Venezuela M President Kennedy is expected to visit Venezuela in midDe told to cease a practice of guaranteeing a price to dealers who purchase livestock for resale to Swift The ban involves guarantees made prior to any actual purchase of livestock at public markets Goahead on NikeZeus WASHINGTON President Kennedy and Sec retary of Defense Robert S McNamara have decided to ask Congress for money to start tooling up for production of the NikeZeus antimissile missile It was understood a recent string of test successes in fluenced the decision It represents a victory for the Army in its long battle to get the missilekilling sys tem into production Thief drunk on job CEDAR RAPIDS Authorities investigating a prowler report here Friday night found a man who apparently knows how to enjoy his work Donald Trcky 31 was found passed out in a grocery store investigating police foundevidence that the f t YI vin Thursday the dales for visits had not been settled the thief had been drinking wine and whisky job on the HITCHHIKES 350 MILES WITH DEER Terry Kinney 20 Grosse lie Mich suburb of Detroit reenacts how he hitchhiked 350 miles with a deer Kinney shot the 150pound spikehorn buck near Sault Ste Marie in Mich igans Upper Peninsula after he decided Photofax to hunt some more although his friends took the car and left for home He got the deer to a highway andit took five lifts the last one with the deer in the trunk of the car before he reached home McComb acts to stop Freedom Riders arrival MCCOMB Miss WVCity of ficials planned Saturday toseek a federal court injunction to prevent the arrival of more Freedom Riders after groups of white men attacked visiting newsmen Mayor C H Douglas announced the citys intention to enjoin the Congress of Racial Equality after six Freedom Riders successfully jdesegrcgatcd the Greyhound Bus Terminal Friday under heavy j police protection In New Orleans CORE said more trips were planned No dates were given In Washington Atty Gen Rob Crt F Kennedy congratulated Douglas and other city officials for maintaining law and order in this southwestern Mississippi city Douglas had promised to en brce the Interstate Commerce Commissions ruling which bans segregated facilities in terminals used for interstate commerce anc o keep order after an incident earlier in the week when a group of white persons beat five Negri Freedom Riders at the terminal Despite the increased polic measures an Associated Pres Photographer two Life Magazin men and a Time Magazine man were attacked on McComb streets Friday mission to do so Experience suggests that any moves toward higher rates are likely to be gradual the Re serve Board said Many banks have yet to adopt the old 3 per cent maximum The 4 per cent ceiling will ap ply to time and savings deposits left in banks for a year or longer Funds deposited for 6 to 12 months can earn up to 35 per cent instead of 3 per cent There was no change in the maximum rates on deposits of shorter dura tion The rates are 25 per cent for 90 days to six months and 1 per cent for up to 90 days The maximum must not be ex ceeded by any commercial banks covered by FDIC insurance This includes all except about 300 very small institutions ONLYTHC mm ONLY THE NEWSPAPER prepares the news so that he who runs may read News papers use the most precious invention of printed word to bring new Icnowledgc to its readers ;