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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 2, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME CO Mf THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UlUJJ i VOL UV AaMdated Pna and United Pica Full Leued Wire Cent Copjrl MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 2 1947 This Paper Conilstj at Two SectionsSection No 49 ARABS JEWS CLASH IN PALESTINE E W CARLSEN CONTROL BOARD MEMBER DIES Succumbs at 50 to Pneumonia Asthma in Dubuque Hospital Dubuque W Dick Carl sen 50 of Elkader member of the Iowa state board of control died at a hospital here at 5 am Tues day of pneumonia and asthma Carlscn entered Flnley hospital Nov IS for treatment of a chronic asthmatic condition with which he had been hospitalized previously this year The attending physician said he had been in critical condition for the past several days His wife who has been with him constantly since he entered the hospital was at his bedside when he died Carlsen was appointed to a 6 year term on the board of control July I 1945 and resigned as sher iff of Clayton county to accept the appointment 1 As a board member he was in tensely active and was particularly devoted to effectingchanges in Iowa penal institutions which would help the cause of reforming inmates into good citizens Born on a farm near Blanchard ville Wis on Sept 23 1897 Carl sen received an A B degree at the University of Wisconsin in 1927 Carlsen had worked his way through the university first as a night clerk in a hotel and later as a night member of the Madison Wis police department It was at this time that he assisted in the capture of Jack McClintic a bank robber From 1928 to 1931 he was a bond salesman in the Dubuque territory and later went into the insurance business at Elkader He was elected Clayton in 1939 He was a republkan In addition tohis wife Greta he is survived by a daughter Mary Jane 15 Funeral services have been set tentatively for Friday at Elkader The successor to his vacancy will be named by the governor The post pays a year E W CARLSEN Marshall and Molotov Set Lunch Confab By JOHN M HIGHTOWER London of State Marshall apparently anxious for a private conversation with Rus sian Foreign Minister V M Mo lotpv accepted Tuesday an invi tation from Molotov for luncheon Friday The luncheon will afford the 2 their first opportunity for direct discussion of U S and Russian problems since the Moscow meet ing early this year when Molotov attended Marshalls conference with Prime Minister Stalin There wasno official indication of what Marshall wants from a meeting with Molotov Molotov earlier declined an in vitation to have lunch with Mar shall at the U S embassy Mon day Americandiplomats here for the Big 4 foreign ministers con ference were puzzled by Molotovs rejection Soviet informants said simply that it had not been con venient for Molotov to keep the date on Monday and that Molotov would see Marshall very soon Marshall entertained British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin and a group of American and British zone officials from Ger many at a luncheon Tuesday at the embassy i Diplomats discounted the pros pect of the council completing an treaty saying there ap peared to be no basis for agree ment Break 10Hour French Red Silent Filibuster Stopgap Aid Faces Slash in House Bill Washington ff Over the hump of seaate approval the ad ministrations stop gap European aid bill faced po tent house demands Tuesday that it be pared by some The measure cleared the senate by an 83 to 6 vote late Monday in substantially the form asked by President Truman 2 weeks earlier but it still has a rocky road ahead Even the senate version is 000000 more than the house for eign affairs committee has rec ommended And the house groups total includes for China which the senate measure didnot include Our fight will be to take out the for China said a high house republican who de clined to permit the of his name Even the president did not request emergency aid for China Iowa Votes Yes Washington Iowa Senators Bourkc B Hicken looper and George Wilson voted with the majority Monday as the senate approved 83 io 6 a bill to provide a maximum of emergency relief to France Italy and Austria and the senate provided for as sistance only to Italy France and Austria However the GOP leadership is split on the Chinese question Speaker Martin RMass said Monday he favors giving soke help to China immediately But republicans were virtually unanimous in their insistence that the stopgap bill contain a pro vision not in the senate measure stating that the congress is not committing itself to continued foreign aid Many republicans including some of the top members believe that the longrange Marshall plan for European recovery must be trimmed sharply from current es timates ranging up to 000000 The senate beat down every ma jor amendment before sending the emergency bill to the house By a 56 to 30 vote last week it rejected a move to cut the overall authori zation to The six no votes on final pas sage were cast by Senators Langer RN McKellar D Moore ODan iel Robertson R and Taylor As it stands now the bill mere ly fixes a top limit on the amount of help that can be provided through next March 31 for Italy France and Austria It is avowedly aimed at halting the spread of communism in Eu rope by Warding off cold and hun er in the 3 nations Of the total would be used to buy cereals for other foods for coal or petroleum for fer tilizer and other agricultural sup plies for medical sup plies and for cotton The state department has said that would be used for Austria for Italy and for France The house committees bill doesnt say howmuch shall be al otted to any country It merely states that may be sent to help Italy Austria France and China with the state department apparently to decide the exact amounts But the committee def initely is on record as believing that China should get DEPUTIES BACK IN SESSION TO PASS CONTROLS Assembly Guards Oust Communist Leader 50 Red Members Also Leave Paris 10hour silent filibuster by communist depu ties was broken early Tuesday and the national assembly was called back into session to enact a stringent antistrike law requested by Premier Robert Schuman to fight work stoppages paralyzing the nation One stoppage was ended Tues day morning when police cleared sitdown strikers from 6 power Plants in the Paris area permit ting Subways to resume operation after service had been suspended for several hours More than 2 000000 workers remained idle however stalling every major in dustry The communists silent fili buster against Schumans anti strike bill which is aimed at breaking the communist grip on the French labor movement end ed when republican guards ejected Communist Deputy Raoul Galas from the assembly chamber Fifty other communist deputies who had occupied the otherwise empty chamber with Calas fol lowed him out Calas made no ef fort to resist the guards and there was no disorder Calas refused to leave the speakers rostrum Monday after noon after a vote of censure against him for urging army re servists to refuse to comply with government orders calling them to the colors The vote also di rected his temporary expulsion from the assembly The tumult in the over the incident became so great that Assembly President Edouard Her riot was forced to suspend the ses sion Calais stayed on the rostrum and other communist deputies oc cupied the chamber through the night They said they wanted to be sure Harriot would no reconvene the assembly without their knowl edge Calas denied that he was incit ing the army to revolt but simply called on soldiers not to fire on the people The govern ment has called up 300000 reserv ists in the last 2 weeks The guards made a full show of force in ejecting Calas A guard colonel armed with a letter from Herriot entered the chamber with 3 men Thirtysix others took up positions on the stairway outside Two hundred more helmeted and armed with rifles were at other points in the building and 300 oth ers were Outside The Schuman antistrike bill which the communist deputies are fighting so bitterly would give the government power for 3 months to fine and jail strike agi tators and to apply doubly stiff penalties for sabotage One deputy supporting Schuman declared The government and the majority of the assembly as well as the majority of the French peo ple are determined to fight inter national communism in France to the finish Joan Davis Divorced Hollywood UR Comedienne Joan Davis Tuesday was divorced from Si Wills who she testified wrote her radio show and then criticized it Judge Thurmond Clarke handed down the decree Monday Woman HitchHiker 68 Will Resume Trip to Denver by Bus Cedar Rapids little old lady wept happily Tuesday as ocal residents arranged for her to travel to Denver in comfort instead of hitchhiking Mrs Bessie Kennedy 68 hitchhiked more than 500 miles here from Detroit before she stopped broke and hungry at the Cedar Rapids police station She had traveled 1800 miles searching for assistance in her old age Tuesday she was ready to ume her trip to Denver with and bus fare contributed by residents of the Cedar Rapids area I want to go by bus if I may she said Trains make me sick I dont know what to think she said tearfully as the donations poured in Youre the most won derful people Ive ever dreamed of One of the contributions came from a traveling salesman who asked that his name oe with held Im not doing this for pub licity he said Cedar Rapids has always been good to me Now I want to be good to somebody else Three Cedar Rapids persons of fered Mrs Kennedy a home here if she did not want to return to Colorado One of the offers came from Mrs Margaret Greene Im rather old too she told Mrs Kennedy and Im lonesome I would appreciate it very much if you would come and live with me Mrs Kennedy said the offers were all tempting But she said again that she did not want char ity She prayed Monday and then told police that she would SO on to Denver AP Wirepholo ATOMIC TESTING GROUND picture This Zl mile long Eniwetok atoll in the Mar shall islands will be the site of the supersecret proving ground for atomic weapons by the U S This picture shows part of the landing strip on the atoll as it appeared in the summer of 1941 after navy seebees constructed a base The atoll was taken from the Japs in February 1944 Its 145 inhabitants will be moved to other islands At map locates the atoll in relation with other countries and important areas IOWANS WIN IN INTERNATIONAL Studer Wesley Gets 5th in Bull Calves Chicago UR Iowa entries Tuesday had 3 of 4 blue ribbons in the Aberdeen Angus cattle open classes at the International Live stock Exposition here First place awards went to Iowa State college Ames Vern Carlson Camanche and C E Yoder and sons Muscatine The 4th award was won by a Curtiss Candy en try Carlsons 920pound senior calf was the reserve grand champion in the junior livestock feeding contest Iowa State won the sum mer yearling division and the Yoder family showed the junior calf The best 3 Shorthorn bulls of any age was won by Clausen Bros Spencer who also showed first place winners in the senior yearling and senior calf classes F W Hubbell Des Moines placed 2nd among junior yearling bulls and Ben G Studer Wesley placed 5th in the senior bull calves division While main interest centered in the judging rings many farmers were more interested in a new type pig which may develop into a better mortgagebreaker than any hog in history The pig called Minnesota No 1 was developed by the Univer sity of Minnesota It is longer leaner and the snout looks as though it were1 designed for a funnel The body expands toward the hind quarters The beauty of the animal how ever liesnot in its looks accord ing to Dr L H Winters of the university staff who took 9 years to develop Minnesota No 1 He said the pig wiE give more pork for less feed than any other type hog He said the animal put on 100 pounds of pork for 313 pounds of feed Later when crossed with another inbred line offspring gained 100 pounds on 273 pounds of feed Commercial production of oxy gen from the atmosphere became a reality about 30 years ago J9 SHOPPING DAYS lift WKWi Honolulu ewweTW MMM soiOMOw Scientists Hear Warning of No Defense on Atom Birthday Chancellor Hutchins Says Another War Would Wipe Out Civilization Chicago Rob ert M Hutchins of the University of Chicago said Tuesday on the 5th anniversary of the first nu clear chain reaction that there is no defense against the atomic bomb and that another war would wipe out civilization Hutchins addressed a group of noted scientists who assembled for the anniversary ceremonies It was 5 years ago Tuesday that the scientists set off the first sustained chain reaction in a huge pile of uranium and graphite blocks con structed on a squash court beneath the University of Chicago football stands In Atlantic City N J David E Ljlienthal said this country in the next several years will have to double its atomic mergy investment if it really means business Lilienthal chairman of the atomic energy commission told he American Society of Mechan ical Engineers that U S atomic weapons are constantly being re designed and improved On the eve of the fifth anniver sary of the beginning of the atom ic age scientists demonstrated to a group of newsmen the workings of two atomic manmade contraptions which can alter the characteristics of the basic forms of matter The atomic energy commission arranged Mondays first public demonstration of the atomic piles in action because it said the pub lic should be enlightened about nuclear fission The newsmen saw silver turned to cadmium in 3 seconds pure uranium turned to Plutonium and learned that the piles could be used to turn base metals into gold One of the 2 piles in use at the Argonne national laboratory for atomic research at suburban Palos park is the original graphite pile which scientists used in their first experiment 5 years ago The piles are in a red brick Building atop a hill on a 20 acre reservation 20 miles southwest of Chicago The narrow road leading to the plant winds past strategic ally located armed guards and is barred by high wire fences The graphite pile is encased in concrete and is about 21 stories high Its base is as wide as a large boom The other a heavy water Pile is about half that size Both have pipes jutting from the sides When the piles are in operation neutron beams are emitted through the pipes They can be put into operation and shut off again by a system of push but tons which can be handled by one man Dr Walter Zinn director of the laboratory who conducted the experiments held a piece of silver in front of one of the holes in the pipes In 3 seconds the silver was radioactive and had turned into cadmium through changes in its atomic structure He held up a thin foil of uran ium 238 and it was changed into Plutonium He said that gold could be manufactured in the piles but explained that the process would be more costly than digging the gold out of the ground U S Sets Up Atomic Base in Pacific Washington UP United States Tuesday replied to Russian atomic rumors with an atomic country is setting up in lie Pacific a base for testing the super bombs it now produc ing Five years to the day after man first brought about a nuclear chain Stags field at atomic energy com mission announced that construc tion has started on an atomic proving ground at Eniwetok atoll in the western Pacific There from time to time it will explode for test purposes im proved bombs which scientific sources here believe are perhaps 10 times more powerful than the atomic missile that wrecked Hiro shima That bomb was the energy equivalent of 20000 tons of TNT Eniwetok the commission said was chosen because of its isola tion The atoll is 2600 airline miles southeast of Vladivostok Siberia and 5200 miles southwest of San Francisco It is 200 miles northwest of Bikini its Marshall islands neighbor where 2 bombs of a now obsolete type sank nearly 150000 tons of shipping in a test of nuclear explosives against naval vessels And a U S official close to atomic developments said the an nouncement certainly might be construed as an answer to the Russian rumors The commission however said the Eniwetok tests will not be limited to atomic weapons They also will facilitate advances in peaceful applications of atomic energy Operation ofthe Eruwetok prov ing ground will be as secret as the atomic energy commission and the national military establish ment know how to make it The commission will not even hint as to when the first bomb test will take place Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with rain or snow changing to snow Tues day evening and continuing Wednesday Little change in temperature Low Tuesday night 28 to 32 High Wednes day 38 Iowa Cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with occasional light rain becoming rain or snow Tuesday night and Wed nesday No important change in temperatures Low Tuesday night 34 High Wednesday 38 to 40 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will average near normal Normal highs 31 north 39 south Normal lows 15 north 20 south Somewhat colder Wednesday and Wednesday night Considerably colder late Friday and Saturday Precipi tation will range from f to inch Snow Wednesday light snow again Friday Minnesota Cloudy with occasion al snow Tuesday night and Wednesday No important change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 38 Minimum 26 At 8 a m Tuesday 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 19 Minimum 4 Search Fails to Find Missing American Airplane in Germany Wiesbaden jeep and air scouts failed Tuesday in a search through the snowcapped Vosges along the FrenchGer man border to find the wreckage of a crashed plane believed in army quarters to be a C47 missing since Friday with 20 persons aboard The search was intensified by a French army report that the crashed plane had been found in the rugged border area near the French town of Bitcho and there were at least some survivors The report lost weight when the French admitted that the report was roundabout and of obscure origin1 American search planes had been in radio contact with the downed able to plafte but never were shorten their radius of search and pinpoint the location Army sources had placed con siderable stock in the belief that the mysterious plane was the air forces transport which left Pisa Italy last Friday for Frankfurt and disappeared U S planes ranged at low level over the hills mountains and fogshrouded valleys In a few areas where visibility was good the search was complicated by the many wrecks of military planes downed during the war The first radio signals from the crashed plane were picked up Monday night American planes soared over the region through out the night and maintained radio contact of a feeble and in conclusive sort SHOPS BURNED AS MOBS ROAM IN JERUSALEM Report Casualty Toll for Holy Land at 6 Killed and 38 Injured By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The fury of Holy Land Arabs against the impending partition of Palestine erupted Tuesday in shooting wrecking and burning throughout Jerusalem and boiled over in threats and mass demon strations in other parts ofjhe mid dle east Jews of Jerusalem counterat tacked against the Arab mobs and struck Arab business Quarters The casualty toll by midafter noon for all the Holy Land was reported unofficially to be 5 Jews and 1 Arab dead and 29 Jews and 9 Arabs injured Jewish sources estimated property damage in Jerusalem at more than 000 A pall of smoke hung over Jeru salem where a number of build ings were in flames British forces using armored cars and Bren gun carriers braced themselves for new disorders in the current 3day Arab protest strike against the United Nations partition decision A curfew was imposed on Arab quarters of Jeru salem United Nations officials kept a close watch on developments but there were no indications in New fork that action was planned to bring the disturbances before the security council Thousands of Egyptians dem onstrated in Cairo against parti tion They were promised an abundance of arms by Abdel Rahman Azzam Pasha secretary general of the 7nation Arab league The demonstrators smashed windows of foreign owned shops wrecked posters ad vertising foreign movies and American soft drinks and shouted Wewant war The Syrian chamber of depu ties authorized the government to pay a first installment of the equivalent of into an Arab league fund for the libera tion of Palestine It referred to the national defense committee a measure for compulsory military service At Aleppo Syria a mob broke into the Jewish quarter at tacking and burning At Baghdad Iraq business was at a standstill as demonstrators for the 2nd day violently ex pressed their opposition to parti tion They shouted slogans against the United States Russia and other nations who voted in favor of the partition plan Demonstrators in Beirut Leba non paraded through the streets for the 2nd day but there were no reports of violence In London a British govern ment source said it is safe to as sume Britain would authorize at least a 50 per cent increase in the rate of legal Jewish immigration into Palestine between now and Aug 1 when British troops are scheduled to leave the Holy Land Britain now admits 1500 Jews a month into Palestine Cattle Hits Record Omaha Market High Omaha alltime record a 100 pounds was paid on the Omaha market Tuesday for 20 head of prime 1317 pound steers marketed by August Runge Co lumbus Webr The new record bore out pre dictions of John Prinz West Point Nebr that the record price of paid for his cattle only 2 weeks ago would not stand long as a record Accident Injuries Fatal for Iowa Man Iowa City Kelch 27 living near West Liberty died in a hospital here late Monday of injuries suffered Sunday in a car truck collision on a highway near Wilton Junction The car in which Kelch and William Hotze Jr West Liberty were riding collided with a trailer truck on the highway Hotze was seriously injured The truck driven by Warren Mellick Chicago overturned but the driver escaped injury SAME Black meant trafflo death in pact 21 noun ;