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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, December 02, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 2, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DEIS MO HIES I A THE NEWSFAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHtORV VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER Z This Paptc Consists ot Two One NO 4T NAZIS IN FULL RETREAT ALONG ITALIAN FRONT 8th and 5th Armies Bring Heavy Pressure Planes Attack Fiercely BULLETIN London American 5th army has launched large scale at tacks in Italy supported by 3 de stroyers the Berlin radio said Thursday By NORLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters Algiers Germans are in full re treat from their ponderously for tified winter line in Italy neai the Adriatic leaving the battle ground littered with dead wounded and wrecked equipment allied headquarters arnounccc Thursday At the same time the nazis ap parently were making preparations to abandon Cassino on the Via Casilina the main inland road up a broad valley to Rome in th face of rising pressure from Li Gen Mark W Clarks 5th supported Wednesday by a ter rific aerial bombardment one o the heaviest seen in the Italian campaign Spitfire pilots reported heav German demolitions were takinj place at Cassino approximately 12 miles northwest of the allied fron at Mignano shortly after fighter bombers had pounded the Germar defenses along a 20mile front fo 3 hours Sweeping over at 10minute in tervals waves of planes showero hundreds of fragmentation am high explosive bombs in thei most devastating combinatio upon German gun emplacements trenches and fortifications leavin them a churned mass of ruin The frontline aerial attack wa keyed to a similar attack carrie out behind the lines Forced to abandon their moun tain positions north ot Sangro along the Adriatic in front of the offensive of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys 8th army the Ger mans left more than 1000 prison ers behind and were rushing re from northern Italy yi in L an effort check the tore Prisoners of War to Help 3emp Harvest Additional help for the North owa hemp growers who are atriv ig to get their crop harvested be ore another snowfall was indi ated as on the way Thursday red E Butcher Chicago presi lent of WaiHemp Industries Inc nformert the GlobeGazetle that 50 Italian prisoners of war are m their way from Camp Clark Nevada Mo to Eldora The prisoners are expected to arrive at Eldora Friday he stated and will be housed in the old CCC amp on the fairgrounds there They will help with binding shocking and stacking hemp in he Hampton Fails Grundy Center and Traer areas accord s to present plans Manager Fred A Cahalan of he Mason City plant said that he also was considering the use of the prisoners in Cerro Gordo coun ly His plans are not definite he explained because the prisoners must be transported morning and evening to and from their camp and cannot be outside Hie enclos ure more than 12 hours a day More than 2000 acres of hemp are still on the ground where it has been retting since being cut Tieing and shocking was delayed by the recent snowfall particular ly in the area north and west of Mason City Now the farmers are anxious to get the hemp into shocks before ice and snow force postponement until spring The prisoners would be used mainly for tieing the hemp by hand Several hundred persons al ready are at that work in Cerro Gordo county and have been for more than a week since it became evident that the several hundred mechanical binders in North Iowa could not be expected to complete the job alone before a storm in tervenes Schools throughout the county are cooperating with Marion E Olson county extension director who is recruiting day laborers Boys are being excussed from classes with the consent of their parents Mr Olson said in order lo help in the hemp fields BIG 3 CONFER Sta Hint Report Ultimatum Framed for Nazis at Parley in Teheran London Believes Allies Favor Putting Burden of European Reconstruction on Germany By T1X1TED PRESS Josef Stalin President Roosevelt and Winston Churchill were reported drafting the obituary of nazi Germany at Teheran Thursday iu a conference paralleling that at Cairo where plans were agreed upon for stripping Japan of AGREE TO STRIP JAP NATION OF ALL TERRITORY The German communique broadcast from Berlin said Mont gomery made 4 heavy tank attacks in one sector Wednesday On the 8th army front our troops have broken through the enemy positions The Germans are in full retreat said a special com munique from allied headquarters Reinforcements are being brought up by the Germans from northern Italy the communique added in an effort to lialt the break through The Algiers radio announcer said in fierce handtohand yardtoyard fighting the 8th army is dislodging the enemy on a 25 mile front and pressing him back towards Pescara ping up enemy Gen Sir Bernard They are mop resistance ccn L Montgoni ESCORT CARRIER ALLIED LEADERS their conferencefin Cairo Egypt with Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek Presi dent JFranklin D Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill traveled to Iran to meet and confer with Premier Josef Stalin of the soviet union Location of the 2 cpnter ences is shown OH this map as is a view of Hit Demavend lying between Teheran capital and Caspian Chungking re ported the Chiangs had returned home Was Only US Ship Sunk Off Gilberts Washington United States escort aircraft carrier LJs come Bay was torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine during the Gilbert Island operations and was the only American vessel lost during the engagement the navy announced Thursday The Gilberts engagement itself has been described as 1 of the bloodiest in the Pacific area Rear Admiral Henry M Mul linnis reported missing was said by the navy to have been aboard the carrier Capt Irving D Wiltsic com LASH SUB BASE AT MARSEILLE Planes Nip Effort to erys British Indian and New Zea land divisions smashed forward as much as 3 miles Wednesday de spite renewed rains thick mine fields heavy demolitions and wire entanglements left in their path by the beaten enemy The town of Rocco San Gio vanni 2 miles inland from the Adriatic and more than 4 miles beyond the Sangro was overrun in Montgomerys colossal crack at the nazis across battlefields lit tered with nazi guns and great quantities of smashed equipment In addition to more thnn 1000 ablebodicd prisoners already counted Montgomerys headquar ters announced that the Germans left behind many deadand large numbers of wounded now being treated in British hospitals The entire Sangro ridge from Fossacesia to Romagnoli is now in allied hands after heavy fight ing the allied communique said with a particularly fierce engage ment having been fought for Fos sacesia Eight miles inland the Ger mans still fought desperately to re tain the town of Castel Frentano 5 mites beyond the river after the British reached the outskirts Farther inland official dis patches said 8th army tinits pierced German defenses and were very near the important town of Casoii 14 miles from the Adri atic on the main lateral road which has been the enemys chief supply route behind the Sangro line Simultaneously with the rush ing of enemy reinforcements to the Adriatic front the nazi com mand threw fresh units into the 5th army front at the western end oC the line It was disclosed that the 34th American infantry di vision is with the 5th army ot Lt Gen Mark W Clark United States troops who before dawn Wednesday beat back 2 very determined enemy counterattacks in the hilly country guarding the mountain block to the main road to Rome took prisoners from the German 44th infantry division That division is a new unit in Italy which like many others in the Mediterranean theater had been reconstituted after being de stroyed at Stalingrad 1 mander of the Liscome Bay also is reported missing in action The total casualties have not yet been disclosed by the navy The normal complement of such car riers has not been announced The LJscome Bay was the first American escort carrier reported sunk since U S entry into the war and is the first carrier of any kind to be lost in more than a year The last carrier sinking reported was that of the Hornet which went down in the battle of Santa Cruz Oct 2425 1942 YANKS ATTACK SOLINGEN AGAIN London through rockethurling formations of Ger man fighters waves of American heavy bombers pounded the Rhineland industrial city of Solin gen for the 2nd day in a vow Wednesday while U S marauders bombed nazi airfields in northern France and Belgium The air ministry announced Thursday that RAF bombers laid mines in German controlled wa ters Wednesday night but there xvas no indication of any major activity Two of the British planes were reported missing The 3rd American attack on Germany in as many days was marked by fierce sky battles and 27 flying fortresses and liberators failed to return to their bases Allied Headquarters Algiers flying fortresses lashed out at the newly con structed nazi submarine base at Marseille in southern France for the 1st time Thursday simul taneously with the disclosure they had nipped a German attempt to refloat French fleet units scuttled at the naval base of Toulon Submarine pens and naval building facilities in the Marseille harbor under construction for months and only recently near ing completion were bombed the spe cial announcement said This was the 1st attack on this target by flying fortresses of the 15th air force but it was the 2nd time in little over a week that the heavies from Ibis theater had hit German Mediterranean naval bases In a raid on Toulon naval base Nov 24 the big bombers caused heavy damage sinking 5 German tiaval vessels probably sinking 5 smaller ones severely damaging 2 armed merchantmen and doing extensive destruction to drydocks Shipping experts disclosed this damage Thursday after a study of reconnaissance photographs Jt was 1 of the most severe blows ever dealt a naval base by air attack the air force an nouncement said of the strike at Toulon a base which was badly wrecked by the Frcncl tling their fleet A number of French naval ves sels which had been scuttled about Reveal 34th Division Now Operating on Italian Front Headquarters Algiers 34th infantry the outfit which wiped out the memory of the American defeat at Kasserine pass by the immortal feat of capturing hill 609 in northern disclosed Thursday to be operating jrItaly own because it is composed largely of Iowa national guards the greatest come back of any unit fighting under World war The doughboys checked the German thrust that carried through Kasserine pass and later in the closing phases of the north African campaign stormed the almost impregnable nazi defenses on hill 603 to open the way tor the drive on Bizerte and Tunis Now the same warriors are an integral part of Lt Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army facing the most difficult conditions yet to confront the allies in this theater The boys from the tall corn stale suffered one of the most serious setbacks of the Tunisian campaign last February when the iaxis roared out of Faid Pass and knocked the fledgling American army back 60 miles in less than a week At the time of the German breakthrough 2 infantry battal ions of the 34th were holding 2 Lessouda and Djebel a few miles from Faid Although surrounded by the enemy for 2 days and nights they stuck to their positions and slowed tip the German advance ili men h ad won recognition for deeds of that the 31th was given the spearhead assign ment in the center American front for the final push iu northern Tu nisia late in April For days the campaign liacl been static because the Germans were entrenched on hill 609 its height in a bare rocky and seemingly fortress Report Chiangs Wave Returned to Chinese Capital Chnnckinc and Mrs Chiang KaiShek have re urned to Chungking from tile African conference it was announced officially Thursday HoHingtoii Tong viceminister of information announced their and expressed jubilant ap proval of the 3power declara ion to reduce Japan to her home islands He said Chiang and other impregnable dominating natural the ap proaches to IVIateur This barricade was made more formidable militarily because it was surmounted by a great rocky plateau in whose crags the nazis had dug in so well that even the heaviest artillery barrages coulo not shake them out lust when the drive appeared 10 be bogging clown the 34th cracked 609 in a night march that became an epic of heroism fortitude and endurance In the face of the heaviest fire they worked up the open grass slopes crossed enemy mine fields and finally stormed up the stone strewn trails to rout the German with bayonet grenade and rifle That was the toughest job giv en any American unit in the war so far and the 34th did it in splendid said a high ranking corps staff officer Thos boys have wiped out the memory IVinlv n ll l liillv u lltniii li in scut M y of Faid ami Kasserine Pass 11 in icut other American forces 1 P39 pilots swooped in over the As a this victory naval ves na7i rnf anrt rinnnori way was paved for the quick C s year ago and some submarines were in the harbor when the force of fortresses dropped its bombs nazi lines and dropped escape plans to the battalion leaders Both pilots later were awarded silver stars for their feat That night 1 battalion made its way down through the German lines ancl raost of its members fought their way through to the American lines The second bat talion however was surrounded by a nazi armored force on the plains and only a few escaped Weeks later the 34th went into the line fighting together for the 1st time as a full division In the drive to capture Fondouk in cen tral Tunisia it got to within 2 miles of the town when strong German fire from the mountains stopped it It was necessary to call in a British tank brigade before the allies were able to smash through and capture Kairouan a holy Moslem city It nas thus as a division with out a single victory to its empire and forcing her uncondi tionnl surrender Unofficial reports circulated that the leaders of KussU the United Slates and Great Britain were framing an ultimatum to Germany demanding immediate capitulation on pain of progres sively severe terms Congressional quarters in Wash ington accepted as completely fac tual the reports that Mr Roose velt and Churchill had proceeded to Teheran to meet Stalin after their meeting at Cairo with Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek of China A subsidiary conference at Cairo on Mediterranean slrategj under Gen DvMght D Eisenhower gave rise to reports of plans for a new invasion of southern Europe per haps in the Balkans The second front in western Furope was expected to be of sec ondary consideration in Hie re ported Teheran mcctimr Experts pointed out that AngloAmerican plans for such an invasion were presumed to be well perhaps s t e m m i n K from the ChurchillRoosevelt meeting at the approximate date presumably conveyed to Russia at the Moscow conference of foreign ministers London sources speculated Ihat Stalin Tioosevclt and Churchill were devising the final plans for the final subjugation of nazi mil itary power and throwing the bur den of Europcn construction on Germany as a means ot blocking any military resurgence within a matter of decades The 1st reserved accounts of the Cairo conference made it plain that American Britain auci China were in complete agreement on measures for crushing Japanese members of the ion returned mind Tong uho also Chinese delega happy state of attended de clared the conference successful and said it would be bad news or the Japanese Chiangs return to Chungking Wednesday as disclosed in Chung king apparently disposed of ru mors that the Generalissimo and Mrs Chiang had proceeded to Iran with Roosevelt and Churcli ill to confer with Premier Mar shal Stalin Routers reported from Lisbon Tuesday that Chiang was in the party going to Iran and the Berlin radio said Wednes day a 4way conference already was under way in Teheran military power The allies propose to wrest from Japan all the islands in the Pacific Japan has seized or occupied since the beginning or the 1st World war and all the territory she has stolen from China such as Man churia Formosa and the Pesca dores as well as liberating Korea Axis propagandists took the floundering stand that tile meet ings were no more than could be expected with the allies striving to intensify the war of nerves am cover up alleged defeats in the Pacific IOWA WAC PRESENT Cairo Lee Weisl a WAC from Ottumwa Iowa was one of IB American nurses and 16 at the united nations conference in North Africa t tin way was paved for the quick cap lure of Mateur and Bizerte anc the collapse of German arms 01 the American front spelling quick end to the war in Nort Africa The 34th did not participate in the Sicilian campaign but lande in Italy after the Salerno bridge head had been secured It has taken an active role extending that bridgehead In addition to its battle tri which the capture of Algiers in the initial landings a year ago last November must be feather in its cap was the fact that one of its com plete companies was chosen as an honor guard for Gen Dwight D Eisenhower and his headquarters staff These men spic and span at parade reviews have won praise from many foreign military and political notables Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Thurs day night lowest temperatures in Mason City 12 Friday partly cloudy and continued cold Iowa Fair and colder Thursday night partly cloudy and con tinued cold Friday Minnesota Fair and cold except not quite so cold extreme north west portion Thursday night Friday increasing cloudiness and not quite so cold IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 49 Minimum Wednesday night 28 At 8 a in Thursday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum 17 Minimum 7 Precipitation Trace British and U S Staffs Map Plans Cairn lP Britnifi and the United Stales agreed on details for ri new invasion of Kurope anc porlvips discussed a strike into the Balkans it was reported 00d authority Thursday at the epic tripowcr conference where with China they pledged unre lenting war to thrash Japan into uncondtiional surrender and tea away the whole empire she ha won in 50 years of conquest There was a feeling here tha big developments would comi from the 5 day meeting of Prcsi dent Roosevelt Prime Ministe Churchill and Generalissimo Chi nng KaiShek who left for un announced destinations last Fri day after completing Uicir talks Major decisions were reported reached for brilliant developments in World war 2 and while the official announcement dealt only with Japan no one question that the secret day night confer ence was global rather than strictly far eastern in character A reliable source reporters were barred from the heavily guarded proceedings indicated that the American leneral staffs in and British their biggest meeting yet probably had decided details for a new offensive against Europe as well as details of Med iterranean and middle cast af fairs At a meeting not attended by the Chinese these general staffs were reported to have engaged in long arguments and discussions on a European invasion before j reaching a united front on detail coming into the picture since the 1 Quebec conference shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the be ginning of the first World war in J9H and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chi nese such as Manchuria Formosa and the Pescadores shall be re stored to the republic of China Japan also will be expelled Irom all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed The aforesaid 3 great powers mindful of the enslavement or the people of Korea are determined Principals at U SBritishChinese Conference Near Cairc Harriaun U S Britain China Plan to Smash Nippon as Military Power By JOHN F CHESTER Cairo Roosevelt P ii m e Minister Churchill and President Chiang KaiShek flanked by their full general f staffs in an extraordinary 5 day session have agreed on plans for t smashing Japan as a military i power stripping her of all ter ritory acquired since 169i and freeing Korea i This was announced in a com munique summing up the deci sions ol the 3 powers leaders and f setting forth their determination to make Japan disgorge all she ad stolen from China and other J ations in her half century career i aggression J Alt the principal conference I t iffures left the heavily armed and J uarded north African area where he meetings were held for un j nnounccd destinations at least 3 i days before the newswas made I public A communique was issued say ns America Britain and hiiia had agreed to bring unre enjing pressure against their brur larehernies bylancl soa and until they force the unconditional surrender of Japan jr A Washington dispatch said t wws assumed that further con r fcrenccs to discuss the European phases of the war would be held viUi Premier Marshal Stalin of Russia present Since Russia is f not at war with Japan the con i ference in north Africa was not attended by Stalin The north African conference f the most unusual of the war to I dale opened NTov 22 and closed Nov 26 and it was obvious from activities surrounding it that it uas not devoted entirely to the J Japanese conflict The Chinese were noticeably t absent from the biggest military meeting oC the entire session held s 26 with General Dwight D v Eisenhower presiding which a spokesman said dealt first with the Mediterranean campaign and second with grand European strategy It was reported reliably that the British and American general staffs engaged in long argument and discussion on details of a sec ond front But the main purposes and de cisions of this conference those i affecting Japan were summed up in the communiciuc The several military missions haxc agreed uiwii future military operations against Japan The 3 great allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting prcs sure against their brutal enemies by sea land and air This pres e sure is already rising 3 great allies are f lighting this war to restrain and t punish the aggression of Japan c They covet no gain for them f selves and have no thought of ter ritorial expansion It is their purpose that Japan M J l ;