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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 1, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper for th Horn MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE HOME EDITION The VOL newspaper that mokes oil North lowons neighbors MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER 1 1W2 IOc Contlcte el Two OM No N Y crackup puts 7day toll at 204 A major milestone in 1942 First Atomic pile test By RICHARD SPONG Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTON The United States is marking the 20th an niversary of the successful dem onstration of the atomic pile that produced mankinds first controlled nuclear chain reac tion The significance of the an niversary is difficult to pinpoint It could be overstated indeed the tendency is to do so It could hardly be understated The anniversary itself is the beginning of the third decade of control of atomic energy On Dec 2 1942 a group of SO dedicated scientists among them Enrico Fermi later to be called the father of the atomic bomb stood under the west stands of Stagg Field at the Uni versity of Chicago and witnessed the first selfsustaining chain reaction initiating the controlled release of nuclear energy The stands have been de molished but the bronze plaque now marks the spot which is across the street irom the En rico Fermi Institute for Nuclear Studies Perhaps the best estimate of what happened at Stagg Field 20 years ago has been given by Norman Hilberry former direc tor of the Atomic Energy Com missions Argonne National Lab oratory who was a member of the Metallurgical Project as the group was origin ally named Hilberry calls the demonstration in Chicago a continental divide between sci entific faith and the certainty of experimental proof What was about to be achieved was known But it had to be proved The demonstration as Hilberry puts it was decisive in that it marked the point of no return But it was to be almost three years until the first atom bomb was tested at Al amogordo NM on July 16 1945 Despite the frustrations at Geneva and despite the global balance of terror the anniver sary is by no means an entirely gloomy one Atomic power plants now are providing elec trical power to public utilities networks These are Shipping port near Pittsburgh built under the direction of Vice Admiral Hyman G Rickover Dresden built by Common wealth Edison in Southern Illin ois and Yankee built by 12 New England utilities in west ern Massachusetts Significantly alt were conser vatively designed This means that for the same investment all will eventually produce more kilowatts than estimated origin ally They are not now competi tive but William Webster head of the Yankee plant on Nov 26 said that it should be possible now to build a larger plant with a capacity of 400000 kilowatt which could produce power that will be competitive with conventional power in New Eng land Breakthroughs are now expected elsewhere most pos sibly in California The National Reactor Test Ing Station near Idaho Falls Idaho on Nov 27 went critical using plutonium as a fuel This element previously had been confined to military use The future of atomic power for civilian purposes is only begin ning to be realized Glenn T Seaborg AEG chairman said that in another 20 years well be using nuclear energy rather routinely in satellites as an source ov nonpro pulsive electric power In deed Seaborg declared that thi scientific age is moving at such a rate that no one can predict adequately the achievements of the next two decades Iowa Considerable cloudin ess through Sunday Occasional rain likely extreme south Sat urday and southeast Sunday Little temperature change Low Saturday 3540 High Sun day in the 50s Outlook for Monday Variable cloudiness and a little cooler some scat tered light rain east North Iowa Considerable cloud iness with little temperature change Low Saturday in the mid 30s High Sunday in the 50s PARTLY CLOUDY Airliner down in tog 25 die NEW YORK UP A fourengine airliner feeling its way toward a landing through a hole in t h e fog smothering Idlewild Airport Friday night crashed and burned killing 25 of 51 persons aboard This brought to 204 the number of lives lost in commercial crashes around the world during the last week of November Survivors scrambled through emergency exits crawling and running from the flames that engulfed the forward portion tf the Eastern Air I Lines DC7B arriving from December in mild start GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Saturday Maximum 64 Minimum 33 At 8 am 40 Sunrise Sunset 439 YEAR AGO Maximum 41 Minimum 33 On the Inside Editorials Page 4 The Surveyor 5 Religious Features 47 Mason City News 89 Latest Markets Clear Lake News Society News12 North Iowa News 14 Sports15U Comicsif Business News2324 Defeated in race for governor hes a senator SANTA Fe NM L Mechem is New Mexicos first Republican senator in 27 years Mechem resigned as governor Friday and was appointed to the Senate by Lt Gov Tom Bolack who in turn became governor Both will serve interim terms Mechem 50 succeeds Sen Denni Chavez a Democrat who died Nov 18 Bolack will be governor only a month Democrat Jack Campbell who defeated Mechem in the Nov 6 general election will take office as governor Jan 1 Chavez term in the Senate is up Jan 1 1965 A senator will be elected in November 1964 BT THE ASSOCIATED PRESS jmes Charlotte N C Idlewild had been completely overed by fog earlier in the evening and Capt Edward J Bechtold a veteran frequently used as an expert crossexamin M Jvroa The East Coast had the naer m government inquiries into tions weather woes with fog lashing seas and rain torrents Saturday as December arrived mild and pleasant elsewhere In Iowa temperatures were in the 50s and 60s reaching record or nearrecord levels at most places Inthe Northern Rockies a new cold front proved weak but brought some rains Amarathon Atlantic storm some 350 miles off Charleston SC sent hammering waves against the shoreline from the Virginia Capes to central Flori da for the sixth day Beach erosion damage mounted and the mayor of Jac k s o n v i 11 e Beach Fla called for federal aid to stem losses Brunswick Ga had 5 inches of rain in 24 hours and Key West Fla caught 15 inches six hours early today Fog was thick to the north of the seaboard storm I DOUBLE TROUBLE PARIS Tex UPI Po liceman Roy Betterman gave special consideration to the newlyweds car illegally parked and bearing a just married sign He wrote out two tickets marked His and the other Hers NATURAL SEASONAL HAZARD It could only happen in Iowa Bix Caron gets set for a tee shot at the Clear Lake Golf Course while Guy Wisgerhof and Art Visser get ready to take off in Vissers golf cart The shots from the seventh tee were made all the more interesting since the golfers had to shoot over a snow fence erected in anticipation of winters snows that still havent come The trio was half of a sixsome that took advantage of the above 60degree temperatures to shoot a round Friday rashes told the passengers he might try to land at Philadel phia We dont know what made lira change his mind said Leonard dementi of Huntington Long Island one of the injured survivors Another passenger Lou Louft a moyie producer from Dover NJ recalled the pilotannounc ing We can make it There is a little hole We should be down in about six minutes On instrument control the big airliner started descending from the eastern side of the busy air xrt on Long Island the side toward Queens Brooklyn and Manhattan We could see the lights as we came down said Helen 21 of Forest Hills Queens one of the two steward esses on Easterns Flight 512 Both survived Then we came down with a bang she continued It was kind of quick It seemed that the pilot was increasing the power butwe didnt get any where Then there was a sort of Qash There was no explosion though Several passengers recalled what seemed to be a desperate effort by Bechtold to get the lumbering aircraft back into the air The tail end of the plane hit the ground and slewed around said M V Little 54 of Garden City Long Island Hurtling across a reedfilled marsh 200 yards west of the runway and scattering debris for 300 yards the aircraft smashed to a halt and burst inttf flames Indian civilian governors to control vacated areas NEW DELHI India an civilian administrators will take over territory vacated by Red Chinese troops a govern ment spokesman said Saturday But he did not confirm that the Communists actually had started pulling back along the misty Him alayan borderlands Peking announced the withdraw als as promised were beginning It said it expected the Indians to pull back and leave a 25mile de militarized strip or face a renew al of fighting An Indian army chief of staff flew over Chineseoccupied areas on the northeast frontier but was unable to determine if the Red troops were moving Back Other army officers peering through mountain mists reported it may take days to confirm the an nounced withdrawals A Foreign Ministry spokesman declined to tell newsmen what In dian military forces intended to do Kne police crashed and burned on landing man stands guard over the only large Yorks Idlewild Airport Twentyfive Pi tail persons lost their lives of the Eastern Airlines JDC7 that NEW YORK Iff The AllStar baseball game has switched to Cleveland from Minneapolis St Paul commissioner Ford Frick an nounced Saturday The game will be played Tuesday July 9 Russ pack bombers in Cuba WASHINGTON So viet Union has started packing up ts nuclearcapable jet bombers in Xiba and moving them to ports for shipment back to Russia US officals said Saturday The first shipload is expected to move out soon By agreement aetween Premier Khrushchev and President Kennedy this and sub sequent ships will be subject to US navai observation as were the 42 nuclear missiles removed earlier this month Withdrawal of the bombers will complete the second phase of Khrushchevs nuclear weapons re treat from the Caribbean the re moval of the big missiles having constituted the end of the first and most dangerous phase But top American officials foresee that remaining issues in he crisis may drag on unsettled for weeks or months A round of highlevel talks here during the past two days appears to have served to sharpen rather than to soften the USSoviet dis agreements over these remaining issues Sovitt First Deputy Premier Anastas I Mikoyan is flying home this weekend lo report to Khrush chev on his conferences with Ken nedy and with Secretary of State Dean welt as his earlier sessions at Havana with Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro Information from American sources indicates that Mikoyan will have to tell Khrushchev that Kennedy is unshakably deter mined to maintain an aerial watch over Cuba indefinitely unless re liable ground inspection is pro vided Castro in his meetings with Mikoyan flatly refused to permit such inspection 15TH ASUB NEWPORT NEWS Va UPI nations 15th nuclear sub marine the Henry Clay wa launched here Friday Exhusband slain Death on 2nd try Iowa woman held COUNCIL BLUFFS UPI MarvinGardner 36 Council Bluffs was shot and killed early Saturday and police were holding his former wife Under questioning and expected to be charged was Marian Keller 35 Police said Gardner was Mrs Kellers second hus band Gardner was dead when officers arrived at his home at am police said One shotgun blast had struck him in the chest from close range damaging his heart and lungs An other blast hit him in the side Police records showed that Mrs Keller was arrested last May for an attempt to shoot Gardner Gardner however did not press charges at that time He went to the police station after the May incicfent and demanded the shotgun back police said It was same weapon used to kill him they said N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Pope will make appearance VATICAN council delegates were told that Pope John XXIIIs condition has im proved so much he will be able to appear on his bal cony Sunday for his regular Sunday blessingof the crowd in St Peters Square The 81yearold pontiff has been ill since Tuesday with stomach trouble and anemia and Vatican officials are worried about his health despite continued statements that his condi tion is improving Pay boost for Thant UNITED NATIONS U Thant embarked on a fouryear term as secretarygeneral of the United Nations in a considerably stronger position than he had as the stopgap replacement for the late Dag Hammarskjold The Burmese diplomat was elected unanimously to the post by the General Assembly after the Budgetary Committee had recommended an increase in his pay and allowances lo a year Mikoyan shops buys nothing ROCKVILLE Md The Soviet Unions super traveling salesman Anastas I Mikoyan went shop ping to check on his competitions latest tricks For an hour he prowled a huge glittering new supermar ket in this Washington suburb He pinched packages eyed slabs of meat shook hands with clerks and shop pers and patted childrens heads But he bought noth ing Harriman returns optimistic WASHINGTON Averell Harriman returned from his presidential mission to India and Pakistan expressing confidence that those two countries would now settle their border quarrel so that India can turn full attention to the Red Chinese invasion about the Chinese withdrawals In one area he said Indian patrols had been ordered to go forward or the promised release of Indi an prisoners by the Chinese As for the Laclakh area in the northwest where the Chinese have made their greatest gains we are watching the situation the ipokesman said India is watching particularly in view of the fact that while the with their announcement are required to withdraw miles from their present positions we are required to withdraw 12M miles further into our territory he added As for the movement of civil ans into the vacated areas the pokesman said this will be car out depending upon the situ ation as it develops He refused to elaborate This is the maximum informa ion we can give you at this ime he told newsmen A Peking Defense Ministry itatcment said the Chinese were moving back miles behind what Peking calls the line of con rol of Nov 7 1959 The broad cast statement called on India to promptly take corresponding measures India has been insist ng on a Chinese pullbackto their Sept 8 1962 positions as a basis ror negotiations The soldiers of the two coun ties have been in visible contact at only a few places on the north eastern front since the Chinese proclaimed a ceasefire Nov 22 and promised a troop withdrawal Dec 1 Peking coupled its announce ment of a withdrawal with a warning that it was seriously con cerned over hat it called armed provocations by Indian roops against Chinese positions n the past few days India has denied that any troop movements lave been undermining the Chi nese ceasefire The official New China News Agency also said that the Indian government had failed to respond favorably to the Chinese peace proposals and had continued to whip up war hysteria and solic t and received military assist ance in large quantities from the United States and other Western ountries India has repeatedly made clear hat it objects to a provision of he Chinese ceasefire package on grounds that it would leave the Chinese in control of 2000 square miles in Ladakh in the north west SAME DATE W2S44 Sfrl Dep Fltg ta Put i ;