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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 1, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL U Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Win THE NEWSPAPER THAT Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FK1DAY DECEMBER I 1944 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS This Paper Conslsts ot Two Onu Paper Consists ot Two SectionsSection On NO PUSH NAZIS BACK ACROSS 2 RIVERS TT T w BOMBERS FROM ITALY STRIKING INTO GERMANY Thursday U S Losses Cut to 40 Bombers and 13 Fighter Planes London S 15th air force heavy bombers from Italy apparently were striking Germany Friday as wintry weather halted a 2 day offensive by the British based U S 8th air force and the RAF Berlin broadcasts warned the Germans of raiders over Bavaria Losses of the Sth air force in the flakfilled skies over oil plants and rail yards in Germany Thurs day proved considerably less than the originally announced 56 bomb ers and 30 fighters Sixteen bomb ers and 17 fighters previously said to be missing were reported safe This left 40 bombers and 13 fight ers still unaccounted for Some 3000 planes had attacked Synthetic oil plants in the Leipzig area and railyards about Saar brucken The tactical air force supporting ground troops lost 3 medium bombers and 1 fighter Thursday nights RAF attack by perhaps 1000 planes was directed at Duisburg in continuation of the relentless assault on nazi oil and transport centers Duisburg was hit for the 2nd time in 12 hours Not since 63 U S bombers went down to combined ackack fire and fighter opposition over Ber lin in April have allied planes en countered such concentrated de fense fire as they did Thursday particularly in a 40 mile square area near Leipzig Tempering the heavy losses re ported by an Sth air force com munique was the belief that most fighter pilots grounded in friendly territory The German air force declined to come upinstrengthto oppose themassive formations for For tresses and Liberators Four en emy interceptors were shot down Fortresses struck at Bohlen Zeitz Merseberg and Lutzken dorf near Leipzig roaring over the targets at 25000 to 30000 feel with a full escort of fighters Re sults here were described as very favorable The blows topped a 36 hour continuous aerial offensive which left the reich erupting from an average of 10 tons of bombs a minute from the 11000 planes fly ing on 7 major missions in that period and some 4000 sorties in support of the ground armies SENATElASSES FLOOD CONTROL Billion Dollar Measure Is Sent to Conference Washington billion dol lar flood control authorization bill passed the senate Friday o a voice vote It goes now to conference committee for action on changes made since the meas ure passed the house One of the largest authoriza tions of the kind on record the bill calls for flood cdntrol navi gation reclamation hydroeleclri and related developments Ap propriations to carry out the pro jects authorized in the bill will b voted later The measure was piojected as Japs Lose Another Convoy in Futile Effort to Bring Aid to Nipponese on Leyte By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Japanese commanders ruthlessly sacrificing thousands of dozens of ships in an effort to halt American reconquest of the Philro Pines gambled and lost jmnp convoy to divebombing Ameri can fighters which have wiped out 47 ships and 26000 soldiers trying to reach Leyte in 7 con voys The latest onesided airsea battle in the central Philippines ing gallery cost the Nippo 4 transports heavily loaded iith men definitely sunk splll S 5000 into the sea A medium sized freighter and destroyer were left in flames by merican flyers releasing their bombs at masthead height The action occurred Thursday in i engagement extending the length of the central Philippine seas Simultaneously stormh a 11 e d Yank infantrymen continued ve 1 itless pressure through tropical be to part of a postwar program create policy approved i principle by President Roosevelt Meanwhile the house commit tee on irrigation and reclamation approved a bill authorizing the reclamation bureau to proceec with a 5200000000 initial pro gram for development of wate resources of the Missouri rive basin B Warne assistant commissioner told the committee that the measure is similar to ar amendment to the flood contra bill approved by the senate BOND DRIVE IS GAINING SPEED Iowa Campaign Shows 1 st Strong Trend Up Des Moines the lirst strong upward trend since the 6th war loan drive opened Kov 20 of series E bonds Thursday totaled the war finance committee reported Total sales were posted at 600000 of the 861000000 E bond Sales of all bonds the committee reported now totaled 544000000 The slates overall goal is Ing lent itions on Leyte Superfortress pilots returning to Saipan from their firstnight raid on Tokyo intimated that B29 strikes at the enemy capital would be developed into a roundthe clock performance ESTIMATE NAZI TROOP TOTAL IS NOW 6 MILLION 70 Divisions Believed on Western Front and 130 on Eastern Zone By ROGER GREENE UJC were over the city for 3 hours in a purely experimental attack but crews expressed confidence their bombs hit war industries with the precision shown in the 2 earlier daylight blows South of Saipan in the Fafavt Islands American forces mopping up Peleliu killed 1300 Japanese and captured 142 American losses uere 92 killed 5 missing and 632 wounded The figures were comparable to overall American losses in the Pa cific since Pearl Harbor The war department reported 21000 Ameri can soldiers have been killed while wiping out at least 277000 Japa nese imperial communi que asserted the invadersVcap mored cars and extensive railway equipment as the Japs drove deep er into central China Millions of Chinese refugees streamed inland to escape the in vading horde but many died from accidents or more Were killed by strafing planes Maj Gen Albert C Wedemeyer expressed hope cur rent defense preparations would turn the Japanese back Coincident with apparent whole sale withdrawal of Nipponese from north Burma the Domei news agency reported Gen Masakazu Kawabe had been recalled as mili tary commander In Burma to head the central army command in Ja pan With a flourish skirling bag pipes Royal Scots of the 36th di vision marched into Pinwc rail town 167 miles from Mandalay Green Again Head of AFL Seeks Change in Little Steel Formula New Orleans la liam Green began his 21st year as president of the American Fed eration of Labor Friday pledging himself to meet the problems oi labor including modification of the little steel formula The convention which ended Thursday following unanimou reelection of Green and all oth er officers named Green to a committee to take the war laboi boards decision to uphold the lit tle steel formula directly to Presi dent Roosevelt Before disbanding Thursday the membership voted to call world trade union conference o the free trade unions at the ear liest possible time This followed a flat refusal of the AFL to at tend the forthcoming British trad union congress in London to which both the Congress of In dustrial Organizations and tin soviet trade unions have acceptci invitations The committee adopted a reso lution requesting President Roose velt to appoint a national commit tee representing the aimed forces labor management and farm anc educational groups to study Uu problem of conscription of youth The membership set Chicago as site for the 1945 convention finance committee suggested Fn day that firms paying Christma ijcii uvula vnnsimas or yearend bonuses do so with war bonds and stamps Employers may pay a bonus to each employe whose wages are subject to jurisaiction of the na tional war labor board without Silas war labor board probably has about ps to wage the climactic bat of Germany including about 1250000 ieally fit men between the ages of 19 and 46 according to the best available information here Under the leadership of 3 com manders Field Marshal Walfher von Model Col Gen Kurt Stu dent and Gen Hermann Balcfe with Field Marshal Karl Rudolf Gerd von Kundstedt as supreme chieftain in the west he nazi fuehrer has more divisions massed onthe allied front in western Eu rope than on DDay But they are tar inferior in quality Von Model is commander of the northern group of German armies in the west Balck is in command of the southern group and Student is a parachute ex pert apparently in command of German parachute troops On June 6 there were approxi mately 65 German divisions ori thewestern front compared with about 70 Buf Eisenhowers forces stormed the beaches of Normandy a German division had an average strength of 17000 men according to in formation here Today many nazi divisions average less than 11COO men it is estimated Hammered incessantly and vio lently for nearly 6 months by al lied armies in the west the enemy has been manufacturing divisions continuously but losing far more than he is making In recent op erations the Germans have been losing about 6 divisionsa week On all fronts Hitler today has about 300 divisions Information here divides them as follows Western Eastern 30 20 20 Inside 20 In London a military source said the lineup of some 300 divi sions did not take into account several million supply and main tenance troops which would bring Hitlers total forces to mately 6000000 men approxi As the Germans pull back into the reich itself thereby shorten ing lines of communication Hitler may reinforce his western front by the year end and at the same time feed other reinforcements into the east The Germans have been produc ing volks grenadier divisions since Sept 1 and can he expected to in crease the number during the win ter and early sjmnsr These sol dlersare described as a mixture of shoddincss and experienced veterans including many exsol diers called from German war in dustries convalescents and for eigners The German high command al ready has bitten deeply into the class of of now has only about 150000 left of that class to call upon for badly necdec reinforcements The enemy strategy appears be based upon a threefold plan 1 Rigid economy o troop ex penditure 2 Hold a tough screen agains the allied drive imperiling the great industrial Ruhr 3 Block the allied assault to the south In general terms the enemy ha a series of expendable divisions strung along the vast wesle front which the nazi command prepared to sacrifice Then close reserve he has noncxpend t ii Suggest Bonuses Be Paid in War Bonds Des Moincs Iowa war wherever the greatest threht arises able armored divisions assigned to the task of blunting and slowing the tempo of allied operations On these nonexpendables de pends the ultimate fate of Ger TANKS GUNS SPEAK IN tanks throw shells at an unidentified target somewhere on the U S 1st army sector of the western front Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay engraving Reds Less Than 100 Miles From Austria in Twin Drives jo London powerful red armies battled through widening hlnnfJinC 1 n 4 1II1 r u ICM miuiea kjdiueu inrougn widening breaches in the German defenses at both ends a 250 mile Hun garian front Friday in twin that carried within 100 miles or less of Austrian soil in the south and broadened the soviet hold on the vital TarnowBudapest rail road in the north marked up in armored spearheads of marshal Feodor IxTolbufchins 3rd Ukrain ian army fought westward be yond captured Pecs toward Lake Balaton and the Austrian frontier and north along the Danube bare ly 75 miles below Budapest Berlin admitted the Germans and their Hungarian allies were reeling back under the piledriver Russian blows and asserted that Tolbukhin had thrown upwards of a quartermillion men into the swaying battle Almost 4000 axis troops were killed or captured Thursday on the Pecs front and in the north where Marshal Ordion Y Mal inovskys 2nd Ukrainian army took Eger and Szikszo 59 and 88 miles northeast of Budapest and all but encircled the companion stronghold ofMiskoIc Tolbukhins troops overran more than 50 towns and villages and expanded their bridehead on the west bank of the Danube to 101 miles against stubborn resistance The main direction of the Rus sian drive still was carefully masked however and the Ger mans obviously were uncertain whether the soviet commander in tended to strike out for Austria or wheel his forces northward to join Malinovsky in the assault on Budapest The Russian earlv morninj munique made no direct mention of new advances west of Pecs but reported a 5mile gain south of the city that won the village of old and brought the Soviets Drja va jd veBsriorth bahkori an 18mile front Northeast of Pecs the Soviets pushed more than 7 miles up to the west bank of the Danube to capture Kaksad 77 miles below Budnpest and drove on into the open plains on the southwestern approaches to the capital Meanwhile Malinovskys veter ans to the north stormed into Eger from the south east and west and routed the nazi garrison after a savage allday street battle On the northern wing the Soviets drove 4 miles north of the Hernad river line and captured Szikszo on the main railway line from the German Polish base at Tar now to Miskolc 7 miles to the southwest Miskolc itself was Invested closely on 3 sides and the fall of that bastion seemed a matter of days at most Lady Astor Not to Seek Parliament ReElection London Lady Astor first woman to sit in parliament will retire at the ex piration of her current term it was revealed Friday She disclosed her intention not to seek reelection in a letter signed jointly Thursday by her and her husband Lord As tor on the 25th anniversary of the com she firsT took v CZECHOSLOVAKJA VYDRAN SIMILAR ACCIDENTS Denver years ago E Briggs Denver fireman HUNGARY BUDAPEST BATASZEK ROMANIA YUGOSLAVIA was killed in a fire truck collision liam Briggs 44 died of injuries received in a hook and ladder truck crash NEW OFFENSIVE IN westward in KnlllnprTX n OO Ci rf ccvuiJi weiJLWHlu southern Hungary along a 93mile front in a new offen sive the soviet 3rd Ukranian army dashed across the Danube and engulfed more than 330 cities towns and villages CONTINUED COLD 9 Are Killed as Airliner Falls in Fog States Coldest Point Is Atlantic With8 The mercury anew the Continued cold urday reported weather was for Friday night and Sat The previous low was 7 degrees above zero The mercury never got above freezing in the state Thursday the top being 28 at Dubuque and Davenport Scattered traces of snow were reported in the stateFort Dodge had 4 inches of snow on the ground Friday but mosi of it was from earlier in the week Coun cil Bluffs had 3 inches including the old snow and Sioux City 2 BLAST RIPS BOMB TRAIN Several Buildings in Town Are Demolished Clovis N Mex A freight car containing 40 tons ol demoli tion bombs caught fire and ex ploded Thursday at Tolar siding killing one man and injuring 2 women slightly The blastfelt here 43 miles to the east derailed 33 cars of the 81 car Santa Fe railway freight train which the bomb car was a part and demolished several buildings at Tolar Southern mainline tracks of the Santa Fe were blocked by the wreckage and fire spread through the derailed cars Dead is Jesse Brown of Tolar ivho was struck in the head by a bomb fragment as he watched the fire from about 50 yards from San Francisco Police re ported that at least 9 were killed TWA officials said the armv had taken over at the scene o the crash and army officials tok them 7 military personnel dead and 3 alive Twenty passengers and 3 crei members were on the plane In eluding Mayor Harley Knox o San Diego who was injured Knox said City Manager Walter Cooper of San Diego also was on the plane Police said Cooper was un accounted for and possibly was one of the dead The officials said 2 crew mem bers were killed They were Capt JP Snowricn Burbank Cal and First Officer T i Bamberger Alnmeda Cal The planes host ess Donna Man of Burbank wa Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Friday night and Saturday lowest temperature Friday night in Mason City 5 below Iowa Fair and continued cold Fri day and Friday night increas ing claudiness Saturday fowa Shippers Forcast Minimum temperature Saturday morning northern half 5 below saiithwes 2 below southeast 0 Friday night not so cold northwest and extreme west portions Saturday increas ing cloudiness and warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 18 above Minimum Thursday ight 2 below At 8 a m Friday 2 below Friday morning v luI this year Last year the 1st sub zero weather was registered o Dec 13 YEAR AGO Maximum sn Minimum 30 si Los Angeles Transcon tinental and Western airlines oas senger plane with 23 aboard crashed in a heavy fog in th nearby San Fernando valley ear Fri y as it was 4 YANK ARMIES CONTINUE WITH STEADY THRUST Germans Thrown Across Roer and Saar Chief Barriers to Rhine Paris Four American irraies threw the Germans back i cross the Boer and Saar rivers chief northern and southern bar ers to the Rhine and broke hrough German defenses in the lasternmost tip of France Friday U S 1st army troops struck for he chief REMAINING KEYS of nazi strength along the Boer south vest of Dureu in the Cologne lam as Gen Eisenhower daily in reased the pressure on thinning memy forces Lt Gen Courtney H Hodges troops gained up to 400 rards in assaults directed at the lurtgen forest hamlets of Gey et Brandenberg in the easternmost joint of France above Strasbourg the 15th corps of the U S 7th army broke through the Germans main defenses in the woods south west of Haguenau and surged into the outskirts of that key commu nications and supply center 28 miles southwest of Karlsruhe Baden r6 U f Sth of iam Simpson already had drawn up in solid assault strength along the Hoer and Inde rivers for a distance of 15 to 20 miles north west of Duren when Hodges men launched their attack for a similar footing along the stream southwest of Duren Lt Gen George S Pattons U b 3rd arrriy surged up to Saar on a front of at least 15 miles solid against the Siegfried line His 1 Oth armored division chased the mans across the Saar river at JVIerzig A taken to a hospital with a fincture and other injuries Other dead were listed as Lt John Vfankenthal U S navy reserve Conrad Erinkman 21 mington Mo leg Billy Jack Howard U S navy of Joplin Mo Harold Muller Indianapolis Ind representative American Pa per Stock Co Police Sgt W E Lunfl said tb plane crashed about 3 a m cutting throunh powe lines and disrupting service in the vicinity The plane left San Francisco a a m and was due at Lock heed air terminal at a m Lee Flanagin acting regions operations manager of TWA a Burbank said the pilot of the plan was in radio contact with Lock heed terminal just a few minute before the crash He said TWA officials were con ducting an investigation at th scene of the crash but that it wa impossible to say immediatel what caused the accident At a police receiving hospital mayor Knox told newsmen he wa awake at the time of the crash The air liner he said apparcntly was trying to come down through fog and was wobbling a little bit Just before the crash Knox said the pilot gunned his engines as if in an attempt to get the plane up again Knox said he grabbed a pil low to break the force of the im pact when the liner crashed He suffered cuts and bruises on his face and less He was feeling pretty good he added but was beginning to get a little stiff from his bruises Chiang Proposals Are Sent to Communists Chungking Chou En Lai one of the big three in the The mercury dipped below zero Chinese communist government riday morning for the 1st time Ieft Chungking Friday for Yenan reportedly carrying new proposals from Chiang KaiShek for settle ment of the communist question The proposals will be discussed with other communist leaders in Yenan capital of communist China andseized threefourths of the hamlet of Beeck as It drew a tight arc around the Rocr river town of Lmnich on the road to the land city of Munchen Gladbach Bcccfc is 3 miles west of Un iiich and already had been by passed on either side at cap lured Lindern and Haven Its streets were filled with German dead as the result of a hail of American phosphorous shells Pa trols stabbed across the Inde On Simpsons right flank the 1st army was less than a mile from Brandenberg which is lit tle over a mile from the Roer at a point about miles south west of Duren Gey is 3i miles southwest of Duren and 3 miles northeast of Hurtgen and is one of the prin cipal keys to open country be yond the Hurtgen Forest The Americans were within I 000 yards of Gey The Americans in their drive on the 2 villages encountered in tense small arms fire mines of many sorts roadblocks of felled trees laced with boobytraps and many other types of defenses The Americans driving out of the woods southwest of Haguenau in the eastern tip of France took prisoners who said they had just arrived from Holland The Germans were engaging in desperate shifts of strength in an effort to stem Gen Alexander M Patchs 7th army drive which at some points was less than 10 miles from the Baden border of Ger many Patlons tanks plunged forward a half mile Friday in their latest gains and reached the Saar bend opposite Merzig after clearing Hilbringcn and Battcrn The 3rd army was drawn up close to Merzig on the northwest west and southwest and looking into the mouths of the Siegfried cannon The Siegfried line with its forts hundreds of pillboxes and miles of wire and traps comes down to the river here and be yond is the Hunsbruk range run ning northeast between the Mo selle and Nahc valleys toward the Rhine and main cities of Wiesba den Mainz and Frankfurt As December came over the grim and grey battlefields the Germans were pouring their final strength into the DESPERATE struggle for a winter line west ot the Rhine and were losing 3000 men a day in prisoners aloneIn dead and disabled Hitler was sac rificing more than that Security and other regulations lock the secret of allied casualties for indefinite periods atler opera tions and the cost in American British French and allied lives In the treat winter offensive now in Us day had not yet been disclosed But a general rule of war is that assault costs more in blood than defense The allied campaign yet to reach its climax of fury was shaping bit by bit into 3 great wedges each forcing the ;