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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 31, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES CEC MO IKES I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 31 1942 IMS PAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 2f Tuesday to Mark 3rd Anniversary of War STALINGRAD STALLS NAZIS TRAP JAPS AT MILNE BAY Conflict begins Sept 1 when Ger mans invaded Poland Rus sia joins in partitioning be comes embroiled in conflict with Finland a r r w s Nazi panzers and air power spread over all West Europe Russia ab sorbs Baltic states Ruma nia is split Greece attacked 1941 WEST r 1941 EAST Axis a r rows move south through Balkans east against Rus sia In Africa England con quers Italian holdings Libyan fight vacillates cember Japan strikes east against U S possessions south against Singapore East Indies to gates of Australia WADE ASHORE FACE MUZZLES OF ALLIED GUNS Unwary Nipponese Are Rapidly Being Reduced MacArthur Reports By BARNETT BILDEKSEE Associated Press War Editor Disaster at the hands of allied forces striking with irresistable might stalled the Japanese Mon day on every front of the Pacific war These blows falling on the enemys hardwon outposts from the swampy shores of Milne lay on New Guinea to the bat tlcfronts of China and the air front of Burma slashed at the whole fabric of the enemys scheme of aggression With a cunning expensively learned from the Japanese them selves in the lost battle of Ma laya Australian ground forces baited a trap on Milne bay into which an enemy landing force ap parently has stumbled to its de struction A special communique issued at General MacArthurs Australian Claim Chinese Are Pressing on Nanchang CHUNGKING fP Driving forward with the momentum o new victories over the Japanese in Kiangsi and Chekiang provinces Chinese forces were reported fighting bitterly Monday only nine miles from Nanchang which the invaders have held for more than two years and outfitted as their principal Kiangsi base The Chinese also were pressing their southward drive againsl Canton in Kwangtung province south China V V Field dispatches said the new Chinese offensive there was making good headway now menacing Kuntien only about miles north of Canton The Japanese around Tstmgfa 30 miles north of Canton were re ported withdrawing after one of their counterattacks was crushed A small force near Tsungfa was reported sur rounded The Chinese high command an nounced that retreating Japancs forces had been pursued to th outskirts of Nanchang after th Chinese recaptured Likiatu 4 miles south ol the city The recapture of Liangkiatu 12 miles south of Nanchang was an stTU99e s now wOrd wide Map bomb bursts indicate locations of principal battle fronts on land and sea Twentynine United Nations show growing strength and ability to take offensive from the axis in both European and Pacific areas J J U S FLYERS HIT 2 NIPPON BASES Successful Attacks on Myitkyina and Lashio Reported by Stilwell 1 CHUNGKING China UR American army planes based in China have made heavy and suc cessful attacks on Myitkyina and Lashio the two great Japanese bases in northern Burma Lieut Gen Joseph W Stilwell announced Monday It was indicated thai in addition to the attack by StiiweUs China based planes army airplanes basec in India have made two separate attacks on Myitkyina Stilwell announced that his planes had attacked Lashio term inus of the Burma road to China Saturday and had scored 32 direc bomb hits on the airport hangars and runway In addition the United State planes attacked the Japanesi warehouse area and started a least three large fires Sunday StiiweUs planes heavifj attacked Myitkyina 170 mile north of Lashio and 45 miles from the Chinese frontier They first bombed the airdrom and then attacked Japanese arm areas of Myitkyina City slartin three big fires All planes returne to base A communique issued at Unite States army air force headquarters at New Delhi India by Brig Gen Clayton L Bissell commandin the American air forces in Stil wells southeast Asia zone re ported two attacks on Myitkyin on unspecified dates These raids it was indicalec were in addition to that reporte by Stilwell Iowa Youth Suffers Cramps Is Drowned ONAWA Spangle 1 18 the only child of Mr and Mr Herbert Spangler of near Cast an was drowned while swimmin Saturday afternoon Sam Man his companion said Spangler ap 1 parcntly was seized with cramp Artificial respiration failed to re vive Spangler GYPSY LEE IS WED TO ACTOR Bride Returns to N Y for Stripper Role in Star and Garter HIGHLAND FALLS N Y UR Gypsy Rose Lee queen of strip easers and Alexander Kirkland ctor and producer married arly Monday in Miss Lees coun ry home The bride headquarters said Monday that the unwary Japanese oil Milne bay at the southeastern tip of being rapidly re duced The Japanese it said waded ashore into the waiting muzzles of Australian troops lying in wait for just such an enemy attempt to outflank the allied outpost some 225 miles around the island coast at Port Moresby Previous communiques have an nounced the high cost in ships men planes and supplies at which the Japanese were able even to land on the marshy crocodilein fested shore Now it unfolds all that they are likely to save are the shock troops which they have man aged to get back off the island to their ships The other men the communique said are swiftly being cut down on a narrow peninsula north of the bay by Australian troops un der Maj Gen Cyril Albert Clowes and they have lost all of the heavy which they landed so confidently on the narrow beach last Wednes day Backed by American airpower in growing might and widening range of operation Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks ground troops have carried Chinas fight deeper into enemyheld territory Each stride forward by the re surgent Chinese brings closer the day when the big bombers of the nounced officially and heavy fighting was reported from Lien tang only nine miles from the city rThe Central News agency rp p orted that the Chinese advance in Chekiang province continued and that Lungyu 20 miles east of Chuhsien was occupied Mon day after heavy fighting during the night The largest air base in China is at Chuhsien which has been retaken by the Chinese in the present offensive along with the smaller air base at Lishui In the face of these Chinese successes the Berlin radio quoted Japanese imperial headquarters as saying that Japanese offensive op erations started in May had been successfully concluded and that the allies had been prevented from establishing air bases in the two eastern provinces for raids against fire Japan At present this report said the Chinese are merely occupying dist tricts evacuated by the Japanese in a regrouping of their forces TOBRUK BLAZE COULD BE SEEN 90 MILES AWAY U S 4Motored Planes Make Moonlight Raid on Axis Held Port CAIRO UP United States rourengincd bombers act fires in the axisheld port of Tobruk last Friday and Saturday nights that could be seen for 90 miles it was revealed Monday The United Stales air force working in close cooperation with the RAF took advantage of the perfect desert moonlight to give Tobruk chief port of supply for the forces of Ger man Marshal Erwln Rommel two of the severest aerial bat terings administered since the enemy gained control there last spring The Friday night raid was di rected against supply dumps jet ties and shipping in the harbor One cargo ship was hit squarely and left burning in addition to the fires started on ground in stallations The next night the Americans with their flying fort resses and Consolidated Libera tors went back and attacked axis grinding fields as well as targets iipundthe harbor One pilot describing the raid said he dropped his bombs in a salvo After what seemed an almost endless wait I saw an explosion beneath us that seemed to lift the whole building into the air he said Then in an amazingly short time a tremendous reddish orange fire spread over an area at least three blocks long and one block wide Within that blazing area I could see smaller explosions that projected long spurts of flame When we were 90 miles from Xobruk coming home our tail gunner could still sec the glow of the Axis Forces Beginning to Feel Strain of Fierce Race to Achieve Victory This Year By DeWITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst Allies Inc took down their shutters for business Mon day morning with prospects not quite so blueMondayish as usual which is a cautiously backhanded way of recording that things looked a bit was true both in the crucial Eu ropean theater and in the orient Not that there has been any big swing of fortune but there were signs that the axis powers were beginning to feel the strain of the fierce pace theyve been maintaining in their effort to achieve v i e tory this year before the al 1 i e d striking power becomes too great Into this picture of course MACKENZIE fits the 90 Per Cent Excess Profit Levy Backed WASHINGTON The sen ate finance committee voted Mon day to retain most the house schedule of corporation taxes the new revenue bill including a 90 per cent excess profits Icv and combined rate of 45 per cen on normal and surtax income The committee voted 11 to 8 fo the 45 per cent rate after it hai rejected 13 to G a motion by steadily growing strength of the Senator Bailel DN Car to cutj this to 40 per cent The treasury had proposed that the combined rate be made 55 per cent Approving the rates established by the house for corporations with annual income or less the committee voted 9 to 6 to insert a new treasury proposal by which no corporation would pay more than SO per cent of its net excess profits tax income in taxes to the government While this would reduce the amount of potential revenue Chairman George DGa said a net increase of approximately would be afforded in receipts from corporations by re duction of the flat excess profit tax exemption o 510000 voted by the house to Thus a corporation which had earnings high enough to reach the excess profits brackets could sub tract only S3t00 as it may do under the present law before it figured its excess profits liability wearing a black dress with shoes and stockings to match and grapes entwined in ler hair was nervous The mar iage reconciled Miss Lee and her mother Mrs Rose Thompson who lad not been friendly since Miss joes first marriage to Robert klizzy which ended in divorce Miss Lee and Kirkland returned o New York City after the cere mony They must be at work Monday night she as the star stripper of Star and Garter a burlesquerevue and he as a eading actor in Junior if if if if ff ff if the enemys Tokio itself Meanwhile United States army air force will have secure bases within range of home islands and the United States marines sat tight in the Solomon Islands consolidating their hold and picking off the last remnants of resistance on the islands where the Japanese have felt the power of the first American offensive and tasted probably their most dis astrous reverse so far Firemen Grab Axes Smash Into Smokehouse KANSAS CITY Where theres Thats what the Cramer Accused of Aiding Saboteurs Is Charged With Treason NEW YORK ff Cramer accused of aiding some of the eight nazi saboteurs who landed on the United States east coast was arraigned in federal court Monday on a charge of treason and held in default of 550000 bail Cramer 43 year old resident of New York was one of 14 per sons arrested on charges of aiding the sabotage experts all of whom were subsequently convicted by a military commission Six were executed In July it was disclosed that Cramer a former member of the GermanAmerican bund had been certified as a shipwright at the Brooklyn navy yard but the federal bureau of investigation said he never actually worked there because he failed lo report for work The planes working hard to knock out Rommels supply lines met antiaircraft fire but were not challenged by enemy fighters All returned safely to their bases Landing grounds at Matruh also were battered by heavy and medium bombers All U S Craft Return Safely By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS All American aircraft returned safely Eight times now this has been the tag line capping the success of the United States army air force flying fortresses on the eight bombing raids they have made so far on occupied Europe Monday the same line comes united nations Now please dont misunder stand me We are not to jump to the conclusion that the enemy is on the point of breaking up or anything ot the sort Our dan gers are terribly great in the face of Germany and Japan Either or both of them may be preparing great fresh offensives as this is written Still the signs of strain un doubtedlyare there And lhat strain is the symptom which points to coming exhaustion That to my mind is the most important development in this fierce race against time The hopes of winning without having to wage ail interminable war of attrition depend largely on their ability to holS the mas ter gangster on the Russian front during the few remaining weeks until winter comes to stall him if This means that much hangs on how long the Hitlerites can keep up the terrific speed theyve shown thus rate which couldnt be carried on indefinite ly by any fighting machine Moscow reports a continuation of the remarkable hardening of the red defense While this stiffening of Russian resistance is due in part to their own stout spirit probably coupled with the employment of reserves held for eventualities yet I be lieve we must attribute a good deal of the change to a natural from American bombing forces on two other continents In north Africa medium and heavy American bombers blast ed the axis supply port of Tobruk and enemy air fields east of Matruh All American aircraft returned safely Twice on successive days American medium bombers and fighters blasted the Japanese air depot town ot Myit Kansas City Rose Louise Hovick better known as Gypsy Rose Lee stage star and writer and William Alexander Kirkland writer are shown after they had obtained a license to wed Kans fire department thought too Pulling up to Armours packing plant the firemen found smokn billowing from a whole corner of one of the buildings They grabbed their hose and broke into the smoke house ASSAILS PROPOSED CEILINGS CHICAGO G Reiner president of the National Swine Growers association said Monday that proposed price ceilings on livestock will only rock the boat and upset the orderly progress of i increased production 4 Soldiers Give Party for Kind Hostess LOUISVILLE she had treated them so handsomely while entertaining them week ends four Fort Knox soldiers gave a party for Mrs J H Ed mondson at a hotel here and gave her a cup inscribed To Our Dar ling Mom They are like real sons to me1 she said They called me up on my birthday and sang Happy Birthday and reversed the charges just like your own chil dren would do 5 Workmen Killed as Scaffold Collapses CHICAGO explosives safety branch of the army ord nance department announced Monday at least five workmen were killed three were buried in wreckage and one was serious ly injured in a construction acci dent at the Lake Ontario ord nance plant Youngstown N Y The men were erecting a 175 foot water cooler tower when a section ot scaffolding and construction steel collapsed kyina in northern Burma Said the air force communique From both raids there was no damageto our planes or person ncl Lieut Gen Joseph W Stilwell in Chungking announced week end American bombing attacks on Lashio railhighway junction of the Burma road and on Japa nese bases in French IndoChina All American aircraft returned safely weakening of the nazi offensive Several things are working against the nazis at this stage 1 Their fighting forces arc in creasingly feeling the physical strain of their unprecedented of fensive 2 Their communications must be getting into sad state being greatly overextended and their transport in the recently cap tured territory being dependent on wartorn highways and broken down railways which have the wide Russian gauge that doesnt fit German rolling stock 3 Their war industry at home is slipping partly because of de terioration of machinery which cant be replaced partly because of lack of skilled workers and partly because of shortage of raw materials We have fresh evidence of this in the known shortage of German warplanes and a scar city of gasoline which the Rus sians report is so bad as to have stalled a large number of tanks in one sector Has Hitler the strength to smash Russia before he himself col lapses Thats the crux of the matter and the indications arc Hunt Slayer of 20 Year Old Choir Singer SANTA BARBARA Cal Discovery of the body of Miss Margaret Senteney in a nearby canyon sent police Monday on an intensive search for the slayer of the 20 year old choir singer She had been beaten strangled and her neck broken There were wire marks on her throat The body was found in Tore canyon by William Caughell caretaker of the Montecito ranch of Leopold Stokowski famed symphony con ductor HEAVY GERMAN ASSAULTS FAIL TO MAKE GAINS Russians Smash Beyond Rzhev in Red Offensive on Central Front By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AH the weight ot manpower and machines lhat the Germans could throw against the defenses of Stalingrad bounced back Monday off the unyielding lines of its de fenders while the red army on its own offensive to the north gave renewed evidence of Russias still unbroken power Hundreds of nazi tanks and bombers screened large assault forces on the aproachesof the Volga river arsenal city but for the sixth day Russias fighters kept intact a bulwark the Ger mans could not break At midday the soviet informa tion bureau said there had been no change and field dispatches from the Stalingrad front indicated that the Germans were leaving men and machines on the battle field in the still unavailing effort to smash through the Soviets ar mored lines The German high command said axis forces had pushed from the south to a point only 15 miles from Stalingrad and that night raiding phmes again had sown vast fires in the city blasting par ticularly railroad and airport tar gets To the north where the red army has launched its own sec ont front in the drive on anchors of Germanys 1941 winter line ioviet forces have smashed past he pivotal stronghold of Rzhev soth to the north and the south lave cleared the whole northern 5ank of the Volga and fought into he city itself Russian officers on the scene said Monday Whether this offensive is strong or timely enough to help save Stalingrad remains to be seen DIES ON SOLOMONS SIBLEY 0i Mr and Mrs Hans Johnson of Little Rock own have been notified by the department of the death of heir son Corp Harris Johnson 9 while serving with the ma ines in the Solomon islands He esigned as athletic coach at the Vinner S Dak high school last anuary SAYS CHAPLAINS NEEDED DES MO1NES navy needs more chaplains and age limits have been extended to make men between the ages of 24 and 50 eligible Lieut Comm T H Jones of the Des Moines navy recruiting office said that he hasnt S99 a Kiss HOLLYWOOD cur rent quotation on a kiss from Dor othy Lamour is S99 The the occasion only set at a benefit party Sun day A kewpie doll brought a bid of SI but when a kiss by Miss Lamour was added Robert E Gross president of Lockheed Air craft Corp tilted the ante to S100 and collected The party was for benefit the American womens voluntary ser vices army recreation rooms Youth Killed as He Sits in Stolen Car MINNEAPOLIS Minn Richard Schoen 17 was shot and killed early Monday by Hennepin county Deputy Sheriff Joe Shield as he and a companion sat in stolen automobile near Shady Oak Lake southwest of Hopkins Minn The other youth Orville Kieth 17 St Louis Park who accordin to deputy sheriffs escaped from Red Wing reformatory last Tues day was reported to have con fesscd several burglaries and ca thefts with Schoen in the Twi Cities area Weather Report FORECAST JASON Monday night and Tuesday forenoon not much change in temperature showers north west Monday afternoon ant west and north portion Monday night Continued hot and humic southeast not quite so warm west and north portion Monday afternoon through Tuesday forenoon showers ex treme south and extreme east thunder showers extreme south cast portion Monday afternoon cooler Monday afternoon through Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY Maximum Sunday 85 Minimum Sunday night 63 At 8 a m Monday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 92 Minimum 75 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 85 Minimum Saturday 67 At 8 a m Sunday 70 YEAR AGO Maximum Sfl Minimum 72 Nevertheless it is unrolling with a show of power which suggests that the Germans may find themselves suddenly up rooted from a vital front they long have held secure and al most certainly will have to draw off men machines and planes from the Caucasus to strengthen it Although the Berlin commu nique said the Russian thrusts had been repelled its Russian attacks with strong in intry and lank formations orthwcst ot Moscow and below the concern which the nazis ore taking burst ofsoviet strength on he central Russian front On a visit to the red army lines ear Rzhev Henry Cassidy As ociated Press correspondent in loscow saw Russian troops rid ng United Slates tanks into the laltlc and four things were ap iarent 1 Even the exhausting summer laltlcs have left the red army trong enough to mount an offen ive on a limited front Z American equipment tried and proved in action now is a egular part of the Russian ar senal 3 Germanys defense line built ind strengthened west of Moscow n the past seven months is vul nerable to mass attack 4 The autumn rains have ar rived as the advance heralds of another Russian winter Keeping up another show of strength where the Germans least expected to find it Russian air men cut a path of explosions and fire across eastern Germany Sat urday night from the Baltic ports of Koenigsberg in East Prussia Stettin and Danzig to Berlin itself Swedish reports said the nazi capital was under air alarm for three hours Unsuitable flying weather temporarily halted the air blows of the RAFs great night bomb ers in what rapidly has devel oped as an overlapping double biadcd aerial war against Ger many capable of carrying sud den devastation to the remotest corners of the nazi fatherland A spurt of allied sea and air assaults on the axis ashore ;