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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 31, 1939, Mason City, Iowa OF IRWA OES MOt I COMP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOLXLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WIRES THS NEWSPAm THAT ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 31 1939 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT TKIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE JL J JJL VJT A ww SECTION ONE NO 279 BRITISH FORCES TO MOBILIZE Censorship Begins Polish German Dispute Deadlocked Danzig R R Station Taken London Evacuates Children A Summary Momentous Steps V THE ASSOCIATED PRESS JK Taken by British as War Threatens London in 16 POINTS FROM War Time HITLER PRINTED Recalled By CHARLES P STEWART Washington Columnist Europe is a disagreeable place in wartime Any place is for that matter But the European coun tries are so closely bunched to gether that you are everlasting ly right in the midst of things It gets tire some In preWorld war days I lived for sev eral years in London The town was as ra BERLIN UBAdolf Hitlers 16 point plan for return of Danzig and the Polish corridor to Ger many was disclosed Thursday night in published correspondence between the nazi fuehrer and Great Britain Authoritative circles concerned by Great Britains complete mo bilization asserted that Hitler pre pared his program after it was understood that Great Britain had was a nice assured the reich that Poland burg I liked it would send a representative to there again for Berlin awhile in 1916 My what a dif ference To begin with it was a This 16 point program or hard job getting into the country agenda for the negotiations nazis First I had to have the home ofsaid was handed to Britain for fices permission Landing I pretransmission to Warsaw sented my credentials to a port ofNo answer has been received ficial This said the functionary from the Poles they added char is all riehf as fn trip tional then Manhattan STEWART Next I lived T 11111 is all right as to the home office acterizing the failure to answer as put need a war office O K a brusque rejection Hitler waited all day Wednesday message either fronf Britain answegpiwhich her heardyd vbeejjjjj the British1 Germany I had too but it simply IrVednesday night was regarded as totally unsatisfactory nazis said was on newspaper business I ex plained that satisfactorily In the evening if you let a glim mer of light show around the edge of your window curtain a cop promptly called to accuse you of high treason Going home nights I had to cross a corner Hampstead Heath com parable to Central park in New York If I scratched a match to light a cigaret on that little stretch of about 500 feet I was liable to be shot at by antiaircraft guns cannon mind you with shells plenty big Constant Zep Raids I had an office in midLondon Close to it was a little pub called the Temple restaurant It was a restaurant all right and could sell food any old time but drinks only at mealtimes a couple of hours around noon and a couple more alter 6 p m It was a war regula Parently had the understanding tion that a Polish representative would One afternoon about arrive in Berlin with full powers slightly too early for drinks I to negotiate dropped in at the Temple restau Due to the fact he has not ar rant for refreshment rived it was said the letters are Others were there waiting for now being published the 6 oclock deadline The port Gdynia which is A little ahead of 6 a chap burst n thf corridor area would re into the room Excitedly he re main in Polish hands during this ported that a German Zeppelin Period this proposal suggested was approaching dropping bombs Poland under the projected promiscuously It was just over Plan would get a free harbor at the suburb of Croydon the bird and coming Instantly a guy in the crowd burst into loud cries for his drink iiu viiiiux i ur fUlrtUU Li The impression he gave access to the harbor at Danzig was That he urgently required a stimulanttosettle his nerves He 1 T bin Keceives Law didnt get the drink though until S had struck laws are obeyed in iutvj oic uucjeu ill l j T he fluid up howScholarship at U difficulty FORECAST The English were terribly in censed by these air raids Sooner or later they said theyd catch a Zep crew and when they did they added what theyd do to em would be a plenty And finally sure enough they shot a Zep down over the Thames estuary and captured the whole officers and about a dozen privates The privates were accommo dated quite comfortably we cor all thought And in u the officers quarters two Britons tics dig Wednesday bngs ana were sleeping on cols in a corridor to provide berths for the two German commissioned befitting their rank as Chatham commander put it Germans Consider Polish Failure to Answer as Rejection Thus they contended Britain failed to fulfill her assurances The program outlined by Hitler included Immediate return to the reich of Danzie and the bottleneck Polish corridor between Ger many and east Prussia The ultimate destiny of these areas however woold be sub ject to a plebiscite to be held within a year among all inhabi tants who were eligible to vote In 1918 Tn order to assure an impar tial plebiscite an international commission composed of Rus sia Britain Italy and France would be placed over the terri tory in the meantime as was done in the Saar basin which Hitler recovered The exchange of messages as disclosed here showed that up to last midnight the Germans e aor a the City of Danzig There also was to have been an equitable distribution of railroads in the area involved giving Poland free IOWA CITY Lahr ever he revealed that his alarm wasnt on his own personal ac home wal wife 8 en and children were there If the rto flrst year law suburb was being bombed he ihf Vmversity Iowashe is fuscd by wanted to get there in a hurry to woman ever to receive do what he could toward helping scholarship Others who them But tho Moo nr received them for the coming them But the idea going with repehed for the comin out that drink never occurred to year Tr Philip Bersvela lc him as a possible solution of his Victor Pomerantz of notpe But through Des Moines and John Sproatt of At Pm CST hov Iowa City cables from New York still War Prisoner Jfo Weather IOWA Generally fair Thnrs aay night and Friday cooler In extreme west portion Thursday night MINNESOTA Generally fair Thursday nlght and Friday cooler In northeast and extreme east Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis Minimum Wednesday msht At S a m Thursday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 83 53 73 g2 A Lark to Children These happy golucky little Londoners are tickled pink at the a 3 knowingthat they are being whkked from the British capital because of the threat of war and possible air raids Note the gas masks BRITAIN CENSORS ALL MESSAGES Officials Now Pass on All Cable Messages Phone Calls Refused Editors Note This is the first dispatch received from London since Imposition of censorship by the British goyernment The last dispatch received from London before censorship was filed at a m CST This was received almosttiro hours later LONDON through British Britain established full censorship of all communications in and out of England at p m a m CST Thursday night Censors walked into cable telephone and wireless offices at that moment and stopped all serv ices It was announced shortly there after that cabled news copy must be sent to cable offices where it of Storm Lake Iowa w a s would be read by the censorwho awarded a law scholarship enwould pass upon it Outgoing telephone calls were the telephone ex The exchange said incoming calls also were subject to the cen sor and for the moment would At p m CST however bles from New York still were being received in the London of fice of the Associated Press they were read censor An information ministry has been set up but the restrictions imposed Thursday night were so sudden that it was not immediate ly clear that the ministry was ready to function IOWANS GET RATINGS BOSTON Des Moines Iowa drum and bugle corps aced fifth in competition for ior open veterans and non veterans units at the Veterans of ioreign Wars national convention The Des Moines womens drill team placed third in that division In the junior drum and bugle corps division Cedar Rapids placed third BULLETINS MOSCOW Soviet Kus sins parliament Thursday night unanimously ratified the soviet German nonaggression treaty ROME The government issued a decree Thursday impos ing a fine of and imprison ment up to three years for hoard ers of food stuffs andmerchandise in quantities sufficient to cause price increases BERLIN Competent German quarters described Brit ains mobilization order Thurs day as a definite aggravation of the situation LONDON An official an nouncement Thursday night pro hibitedi acquisition of more than one weeks supply of food oJ any kind although it was added that there is no food shortage The re striction does not apply to food stocks acquired in the course of Business but it does apply to sales to customers buying excessive quantities f WASHINGTON A high official said Thursday that he believed that federal govern ment should not do any financ ing during September because of the existing European crisis if NAZIS PUT UP SWASTIKAS ON DANZIG STATION Poland Planning No Immediate Action But Digs in Trenches WARSAW A government spokesman said Thursday that German secret policemen had oc cupied the railway station at Dan zig Wednesday night and had hoisted swastika flags over it Ashed whether Poland intended to take action in Danzig as a re sult the spokesman said none was planned at the moment The seizure the station how ever following a long series of antiPolish and allegedly Ger maninspired incidents in the free city raised the question in t h e minds of foreign observers as to how far Poland intended letting Danzig authorities go before tak ing action The customs railroad and port business were the three phases of Danzigs life which Poland always had said jtwould never permit the calls to But in the past fewfdaysPoland reportedttie arrest of vPplish customs aflthorii ties in Danzig and theseizure of three train loads of materials bound to Poland through the port The railway station incident caused foreign observers to won der just what would happen if Adof Hitler suddenly were to re treat from his extreme demands and express himself satisfied with Danzig alone Although the government has reiterated that it would not per mit the union of Danzig with Ger many it was conceded that an awkward situation arise if Hitler suddenly demanded Dan zig alone or war The Danzig population is more than 90 per cent of German or igin its ruling senate is thor oughly pronazi It is supposed to be under league of nations man date with Poland administering the port business But the league representative has left and the pronazi faction is in full control However there appeared to be no possibility that Poland would cede both Danzig and the Polish corridor to Germany which Hitler has demanded in every message on the crisis W The government urged the peo ple to keep calm but admitted that conditions were worse than at any time since the crisis arose last April Streets Wednesday night were more crowded than usual mostly by men enroute to railroad sta tions responding to mobilization orders It was estimated that the newly mobilized units would give Poland an army of 2000000 al most the size of Germanys and many more men of military age were seen on the streets in civilian clothes as evidence that Poland stil had not decreed general mo bilization if if Trench digging was the chief ac several days to England and France NEW TORK The Fur ness liner Queen of Bermuda for seven years a holiday cruise ship to the British West Indies sailed Thursday without passen gers for England and with her porthole windows painted black broke his ankle and burned h hands and face i renai rugging was me cmei ac LOS ANGELES 70 many men went to the bombing planes built in this area ditches directly from their offices will be shipped within the next and worked through the night with several rlavc j little or no sleep Several Ameri little or no sleep Several Ameri can films were showing and drew sizeable crowds but night club life was curtailed by an order for bidding the sale of vodka arid oth er spirits The governments immediate concern was the report that Ger many now had an army of 400000 in Slovakia within striking dis tance of the Polish oil fields Three reasons were listed for the new call to the colors 1 Thecomple tion of total mobilization by Ger many 2 The occupationof Slo vakia by Germany 3 The com Boy Shoots Match Into Gas viiRja py uermany d rne com DALLAS Texas plete suspension of Polish rights in Toland 13 loafed along a sideDanzig walk shooting matches with a rub ber slingshot His aim was pretty good As he passed a filling sta tion gasoline tank being over 3IANY WILL WORK IOWA CITY Kann WWttM do some outside work to help pay expenses BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS reported considering GermanRussian military cooperation to in crease pressure on Poland six man defense council takes su preme command ot German economics military policy and administrative machinery latest British reply delivered to Von Ribbentrop MO SCO Russias parliament decides to give rati fication G e r m a nRussian nonaggression treaty immediate consideration splits army into two units under Crown Prince Umbnrto and Marshal Rodolfo Graziani 83 new generals cre ated press contends German and Italian claims for share worlds wealth now is issue Mussolini however reported trying to moderate Hitlers de mands completion of mobilization orders precau tionary evacuation children invalids aged from metropoli tan areas German stand against BritishFrench pledges to Po land called obstacle to diplo matic exchanges over crisis W A R S A Poles join army in neargeneral mobilization nations armed morethan blackout post air raid instruc tions take over railroads for troop transport speed removal of children from Paris German army reported on war footing VATICAN Pius XII summons papal secretary ot state later secretary hands note to envoys of Italy Britain France Germany and Poland Quarter Block Razed by Fire in Loup Nebr LOUP CITY Nebr razed a quarter block in the busi ness district here early Thursday causing damage estimated by Fire Chief William Zodehmal at 000 The flames of unknown ori gin started in an unoccupied frame building and spread rapidly Heaviest loser was the Spelts Hansen Lumber company LOOK INSIDE FOR MIRIAM VERNE U S Dancer Denies She Influences Hitler PAGE 2 Graettinger Duncan Celebrations Monday PAGE 24 Major Teams Kicking Away LateYear Games PAGE 13 Biermann Lists Bank Successes Under Demos EDITORIAL PAGE Strain of European Tension Rises as More Are Armed With Note Exchange Giving No Solution BULLETIN LONDON Britain Thursday night prepared for war by Ordering full mobilization of her regular naval army and air forces Clamping a censorship on all communications Suspending telephone and teleprinter communica tion with the European continent Directing removal Friday of 3000000 children expectant mothers and invalids from cities to the countryside Summoning for duty many per those enrolled for air raids precautions service to supplement aerial alarm and antiaircraft tfi AM 01 defenses nazi circles in c ish mobilization which was complete serves the government of Prime Minister Neville Chamber lain appeared to be ready to exert the utmost pressure to win erVCS f that fas to bc ready for UkJJitlllo removal of a who could walk New patients were rejected Cots and blankets were solicited as well as the use of pri vate automobiles to handle possible air raid cases An official announcement said acquisition of more than one weeks food supply of any kind was prohibited Meantime it was disclosed reliably that the latest British note to Adoif Hitler delivered Wednesday S had again declared the desire for good relations and had urged that direct negotiations with Poland be undertaken It was reported by some sources that the British govern ment was considering Stockholm as a suitable meeting place for German and Polish repre sentatives if such negotiations could be arranged The British note was much along the lines previous notes reiterating intention to support British pledges to Poland and ig noring Germanys suggestion that Bntam ask that Polish envoys be sent to Berlin Additional supplies of medicine Germans State Pause Reached in Negotiations BERLIN Ger mans said Thursday that a pause had come about in crisis negotiations with Great Britain but that negotiations arc not broken off Announcement of full mobiliza tion of the British fleet coming on top of Polands extension of mo bilization Wednesday these per sons indicated were partly re sponsible for the pause As a result it was uncertain whether British questions put to Adolf Hitler by the British gov ernment in fc memorandum handed to the fuehrer Wednesday night would be answered Thursday morning it was said that the questions would be an swered Foreign Minister Jo nchim Von Hibbentrop however it was then said had given Sir Nevil Henderson the British am bassador an oral indication of what the German reply would be Asked whether any new moves were to be expected as a result of the pause informants said We have laid our cards on the table whether the British will come forward with any more sug gestions we do not know 4 Dead in Typhoid Outbreak in Hospital MANTENO 111 pa tients and an attendant have died and 40 are il from an outbreak of typhoid fever at the Manteno slate hospital for the insane larg est institution of its kind in the middlcwcst it was learned Thurs day One hundred and twenty oth er are under observation The m stitution with approximately 5 800 patients and 800 employes has been quarantined by the state wel fare department rushed to hospitals which were cleared lor emergency action Staft doctors and nurses stood by while medical students stripped to the waist piled protective sand bags outside At vast St Thomas hospital plans were made to evacuate stretcher cases and others at 9 a m Friday The county ot London mean while requisitioned the basements many large buildings including the massive bombproof Unilever house for use as a casualty clear ing station Mattresses already have been moved into the Unilever house The text of Thursdays com munique said Already 12000000 men were under arms and massed on the continental frontiers the great British war fleet was strung out in battle array across the North seas and orders had been given to remove 000000 helpless per sons children women and inva lids from Englands cities to the countryside starting Friday In continuation of meas ures already adopted it has been decided on complete nav al mobilization and to call up the remainder of the regular army reserve and supplemen tary reserve A further number of the royal air force volunteer re serve will also be called up Officers and men should await further instructions which will be made public immedi ately by each of the three service departments In Beriin in Paris in Romp in Warsaw similar and almost complete preparations for war nad been niEdc as the deadlock ;