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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 31, 1937, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLffl TVE CENTS A COPY ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRXSS fTTLL LEASED MASON CITY AUGUST 311937 THIS PAPER CONSBTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 279 Roosevelts Popularity May Have Slipped Some but Not a Great Deal By CHARLES P STEWART ASHIN G T O N tCPA Post master General James A Far ley undoubted ly really means what he says when he pooh poohs Republi can National Chairman John D M Hamil tons assertion that President Roosevelt has slipped aplen ty with the rank and file of the countrys voters since his reelection last year Farley is not merely bluffing And I think a majority of the democratic leaders honestly agree him I suspect that many a republi can strategist also inclines to agree with Farley more than with Hamilton S U I STUDENT AMONG DEAD IN INDIANA MISHAP Many of 40 Passengers on Bus Injured and Taken to Hospitals GOSHEN Ind least seven persons were reported to have been killed five miles north of here Tuesday in a crash of a heavily loaded transport Grey hound bus and a sedan Twenty injured were brought to hospitals here and at least 15 others were reported to have been taken to nearby cities Three of the dead were identi fied as A G of Iowa In fact I asked one of them City Iowa Mrs James Kelleher with an important job in the G O i Of Albany N Y and Raymond P organization and he answered J Buskin of St Louis 7 KILLED IN BUSSEDAN CRASH Cholera Menaces American Lives in Shanghai BLACK PLAGUE Off the record I believe that Roosevelt has slipped some but Im certain he hasnt slipped near ly enough to suit me Well Liked Personally What I gather is that numerous voters who question the desirabil ity of various Rooseveltian sug gestions nevertheless like Roose velt personally as well as ever thty did This sentiment seems to me to have been summed up very suc cinctly by the late Senator James Couzens of Michigan shortly be fore his death Some details of Roosevelts ad ministration have been bad the Wolverine statesman told me in Carpentier and Mrs Kelleher were passengers and Buskin was an attendant on the bus Sedan on Stop Road The accident occurred at the in tersection of roads 20 and 15 The sedan was traveling on road 15 which is marked by stop signs at its intersections with road 20 a through eastwest highway on which the bus was eastbound The heavy vehicle overturned and came to a stop on its top The se dan was demolished and the bus was damaged badly There were about 40 passen gers on the bus The occupants of the sedan were unknown A card was found in it one of the last interviews he gave bearing the name Alii smathies but his essential sympathies are just right Hes the first pres ident in my time has been with the common man Consequently Couzens though a G O P adherent was preparing when he died to run for reelec tion as a proRoosevelt republi can I surmise that he spoke very truly for the average voter Almost assuredly the democrats will lose some congressional seats at the 1938 election If the democrats gain any or even hold their present own the repuolicans as a party may as well fold up and quit Already they are outnumbered about 4 to 1 Their collapse however will not imply that only one party re mains another will evolve itself consisting of democratic dissenters and the few surviving republicans But the has not quite arrived fri that Maybe it will by sooner r is overdue now but these realignments lag Too Many Democrats The loss of a few congressional seats in 1938 will be helpful rather than damaging to the Roosevelt administration It is a commonplace that an ad ministration with a topheavy congressional majority is handi capped by it It quarrels within it self Huge republican majorities have done so and so have huge democratic majorities A narrow advantage serves to hold a group together It has been a weakness to Pres ident Roosevelt to have such a preponderance of democrats in congress recently From his standpoint it has made him look dictatorial And it has made congress look like a rubber stamp It also probably has made the president try to be dictatorial Likewise it has made congress try to prove that it was not a rubber stamp Lose With Advantage There should have been an evener balance So it will be all right from the administrations angle to lose a few congressional seats next year That will scare the surviving democrats together But the administration must not lose too many seats That would involve prestige a loss of It is a delicate calculation Con gress must remain democratic but it mustnt be too democratic In deed its too democratic right now The Weather FORECAST IOWA Possibly local showers in northwest and northcentral portions Tuesday night or Wed nesday fair to partly cloudy elsewhere little change In tem perature MINNESOTA Mostly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday probably occasional rain not much chance In temperature IN MASON CITY son Bishopric Manufacturing Company Cincinnati Ohio The license plates were Ohio 114AB Bound to Cleveland The driver of the bus was Lee Caljahan 32 of Toledo The bus was bound from Chi cago to Cleveland Ambulances from Goshen and Elkhart were rushed to the scene and the dead and injured were hurried to hospitals making im mediate identification difficult The bodies of Carpentier Mrs Kelleher Buskin and an uniden tified man were brought to Gosh en by ambulance drivers who said three other bodies remained at the wreckage Fire Is Extinguished Coroner Karl Vetter later iden tified two of the bodies as those of Allison Bishopric president of the Bishopric Products company of Cincinnati driver of the sedan and John H Heinsohn of Buffalo N Y a bus passenger A fire started in the bus wreck age but was extinguished quickly by a passing motorist The crash blocked traffic for hours along the two roads Ambulances with sirens wailing shuttled back and forth between Goshen and the crash bringing in the dead and injured CARPENTIER ON WAY TO VISIT PARENTS IOWA CITY G Car pentier 23 who was killed in a bus crash at Goshen Ind Tuesday was enroute to Mt Vernon N Y to visit his parents when his life was snuffed out Carpentier a brilliant student in the University of Iowa law col lege was to have completed his work next year His wife the for mer Alleene Abbott of Iowa City who was with him at the time of the accident suffered only slight shock she told relatives in a long distance telephone conversation Carpentier had taken his first year of college work at Fordham university in New York 25 INJURED AS BUS OVERTURNS BURNS WICHITA Kans Santa Fe Trails bus turned over and burned near here Tuesday Twen tyfour passengers and the driver were burned and cut The big interstate bus was dam aged badly and W O Sanders the driver was burned on the hands and arms when he broke windows and dragged men and women to safety Six Hour Day Benefit to Both Firm and Employes Lasting Three Years Reported to Group of LOOK INSIDE FOR JAMES C DAVIS lowan U S Rail Head After World War Dies PAGE 2 Waldorf Committee to Study Highland Offer PAGE 8 Louis Keeps Heavy Title as Farr Fools Experts PAGE 9 25 Mills Exemption on Homesteads Granted PAGE 14 Cool Spell Fails to Arrive Fair Iowa Weather Continues DBS MOINES thou sands poured through Iowa state fair gates under cloudless skies the weather bureau Tuesday promised a continuation of the reai fair weather which has pre vailed in the state for several days Cool air which Monday was neaded for Iowa failed to break through the heat band except in the northwest tip of the state GlobeGazette weather figures Possible local showers were for 24 hour period ending at 8 a m Tuesday Maximum 92 Minimum 66 At 8 A M 78 forecast for the northwest and north central portions Tuesday night or Wednesday but else where fair to partly cloudy weath er xvas expected MARTIAL LAW IN PALESTINE SEEN Military Commanders Fear Renewed Clashes of Jews Arabs JERUSALEM UR Military commanders in Palestine fearing renewed clashes between Jews and Arabs held an emergency meeting Tuesday to consider the advisability of declaring martial law Sporadic fighting has broken out among Jews and Arabs in the last two days The latest incident was an armed attack upon the Jewish headquarters Monday night and in the last 36 hours three Jews and five Arabs have been killed Authorities ordered Arab cafe owners to close their establish ments to prevent a possiffia re currence of last years violence in which business houses were bombed and many Jews and Arabs killed It was understood the govern ment was prepared to accede to the British royal commissions recommendations and let the mil itary commanders govern the holy land in event of further disturb ances At Aman after reports of un usual movements of the Bedouin tribes had been received royal air force planes were ordered to rec onnoiter along the transJordan ianSaudi Arabian frontier SO THEY Mrs John Sjiiivan widow of slain Chicago exconvict I know who killed Johnny I know why but I cant tell because I know theyd get me K G Yank aboard a freighter planning to run the Japanese blockade with a load of sulphur for China for making gun powder IWaybe maybe not I get killed China needs the gun powder 0 9 Senator William E Borah on the war in China It is probable that the American people very generally strongly sympathize with China I know I do Psychologists By HOWARD W BLAKESIJEE Associated Press Science Editor MINNEAPOLIS IP A test lasting three years in which a six hour day raised efficiency of workers 15 to 30 per cent above an eight hour day was reported to the American Association of Applied and Professional Psychology here Tuesday by Dr Vernon P Scheldt of Baltimore The workers made more money and the company more dividends he said The workers were 17 women setting type by machine and 52 men hand compositors all working for the Waverly Press of Baltimore Medical books and science publications of this com pany require unusual typesetting skill Dr Scheldts report brought out some unusual human reactions It showed that on a short trial the six hour day would certainly have been a failure Errors Are Doubled The immediate effect of a shorter work period he said was rnSrked by reduced produc tion The effect of the change in hours on correction was astound ing The errors were practically doubled While it cannot be definitely ascertained that the cause of this condition was the direct result of the change in work period at least we can see that the entire group was disoriented for a time Perhaps their pace had been geared lo thelonger work period and the shorter period threw them completely out of step just as the runner whose pace may be excel lent for the 880 would be entirely disoriented in the 440 Adjustment of course eventu ally occurred and after three years of the shorter period the whole group is wholeheartedly for it Efficiency Goes Down But the surprises have not stopped Now Dr Scheidt said whenever the workers do an eight hour day with the added twp hours paid at overtime rates their efficiency goes down The efficiency of the women on a six hour day rose in about the same proportion as that of the men But Dr Scheidt explained the women also benefitted from sound proofing The noise cut reduced their errors immediately Errors of all workers were furth er reduced by enforced rest periods in the six hour day Although the workers were supposed to rest voluntarily when tired Dr Scheidt said they evidently did not do so systematically enough Not for Executives While the data presented today comes only from two departments of printing Dr Scheidt said the same conclusions hold good other departments such as press room activities and bindery work But they do not he added hold good for executives It was tried and executives were less efficient on a six hour day That failure Dr Scheidt said was possibly due to the continually varying nature of executive problems This six hour day test he went on applies to workers who are carefully selected for fitness and who have a strong motive In this case the motive is the chance to add nine to 36 per cent to basic pay through bonuses ADMITS KILLING GIRL 10 DOES NOT KNOW WHY Father of Three Children Erratic Since Death of Own Daughter DETROIT few hours after police had been asked to search for 10 year old Evelyn Mack a former neighbor led po lice to her body at the outskirts of the city Tuesday Her head had been crushed with a crank handle Police Lieut Walter Bachor said Joseph Jacobs the former neigh bor confessed that he killed her Flee War Torn Shanghai Jacobs children is the father of three His wife told police he had been erratic since the death eight years ago of a daughter who would have been the same age as Evelyn Monday afternoon police said Jacobs called at the home of Vern on R Mack a designer for the Packard Motor Car company Aft er some conversation he asked 1 Evelyn to accompany him to a nearby grocery Ask Police to Hunt When they did not return the family asked police to search for them An all night search was futile but Tuesday morning police found Jacobs tinkering with his automo bile near a bridge on the edge of the city Lieut Bachor said Jacobs ad mitted readily he had killed the girl and led him to the body Police wentto the bridge in re sponse to a report by a bridge at tendant that a man whose auto mobile had broken down was act ing strangely The man was Jacobs Lieut Bachor said Jacobs re plied I killed her when asked what he had done with Evelyn Leads Them to Body Police expressed skepticism the officers said and Jacobs offered to lead them to the body He directed them to a point several miles from the Mack home There the officers found the body hidden in a clump of weeds Jacobs said he had not attacked the girl He was sobbing hysterically when he reached police headquar ters Short Day Proved While these results Dr Scheldt concluded are not direct ly applicable to other industrial situations the practical findings I thin as far as we are concerned emphasize the necessity for a short working day as well as the reduc tion of noise where noise may be a distracting factor and the intro duction of rest periods wherever fatigue demonstrates that such periods are necessary Application of the principles without investigation will not pay dividends Building Collapses as 200 Workers Wives Attend Ball MEXICO CITY school building at Guadalajara in which 200 workers and their wives were attending a collapsed Monday night the newspaper Universal reported Tuesday No announcement of casualties was made immediately Universal reported that firemen had recov ered one body The ball was held it was said despite warnings by the mayor of Guadalajara that the building was in a dilapidated condition and that the lives of those who attended the dance would be endangered I dont know why I did it he sobbed I liked her She was al ways so laughing and happy I was going to take her to the grocery when we got into my automobile I cant tell why but I couldnt stop We kept going and going Uses Crank Handle Continuing Lieut Bachor said Jacobs told police Before long we were out in the country I stopped the car at the end of Chicago avenue Then I said now you wait here Ill be right back When I returned to the car she was waiting for me I took the crank handle I hit her on the head with the crank I dont know why Boy 15 With Toy Gun and Ice Pick Seized as Burglar WATERLOO ff A 15 year old boy armed with a toy pistol and an ice pick broke a window in a filling station here at a m Tuesday in a burglary at tempt Scout car police who hap pened by grabbed him when he tried to make his getaway on a bicycle Q ueen Wilhelmina Observes Birthday AMSTERDAM UR Wilhelmina celebrated her fifty seventh birthday quietly Tuesday A national holiday was declared but the queen accompanied by Princess Juliana and the latters husband Prince Bernhard spent the day at Het Low the family country seat near Apeldoorn Former Slave Seeks to Share in Estate NEW YORK Har ris aged Negro from Hammond Iowa failed to impress Surrogate Judge James A Foley with his claim to part of the for tune left by Mrs Ida E Wood who died here in 1932 Harris and Uncle Ike Pierre another aged Negro told Judge Foley they were retained by Mrs Woods family in slave days Goods piled high on their rickshaws and handcars Chinese resi dents of Shanghai flee the city and head for the open country as Japans war machine and Chinas defenders stage battle for pos session Rebel Troops Desert Join H E N D A Y E FrancoSpanish Frontier entire company of nationalist troops deserted to loyalists on the northeastern Ara gon front government dispatches said Tuesday Insurgent forces dug in at the strategic town of Bel chite for a long drawn out siege The insurgent company killed its officers and marched into gov ernment trenches waving white flags and handkerchiefs it was asserted Strong loyalist detachments surrounded Belchite in the heart of Gen Francisco Francos eastern salient which was poorly fortified while insurgent commanders rushed reinforcements from the north to the aid of the beleaguered town The government declared that the fall of Belchite was imminent Capture of the town it was hoped would provide the first major vic tory of the loyalist triple Aragon offensive launched five days ago with the greatest strength the government has massed on any one front during the war The loyalists already have sev ered communications between Saragossa an important rebel stronghold and Huesca and have pushed along the Ebro river to within a few miles of Saragossa Pirate Submarine Torpedoes Sinks Russian Freighter ALGIERS UR An unidenti fied pirate submarine torpedoed and sank the Russian freighter Temryazew Monday night 5 miles off the coast between Dellys and Tigzirt it was learned Tuesday The crew of 29 men and three women aboard the vessel was saved The Temryazew was en route from Liverpool to Port Said with a cargo of coal 41 Killed 34 Hurt in National Farm Strike in Poland WARSAW per sons were killed and 34 seriously wounded during the recent Polish farmers national strike it was an nounced officially Tuesday The casualties occurred in fighting be tween police aiid strikers A government announcement said that in some clashes between authorities and the striking farm ers communist elements were present It defended strong police measures as necessary in view of the extent of the strike and its threat tothe normallife of cities BORAH ASSAILS NEUTRALITY ACT Says War in China Proves Cash and Carry Plan Impracticable WASHINGTON UR Senator William E Borah R Idaho de clared Tuesday that the aggres sive war of conquest being waged in China proves that Americas cash and carry neutrality plan is impracticable Expressing strong sympathy for the Chinese and approving admin istration efforts to prevent the United States from being into the conflict Borah assailed the cash and carry provisions of the neutralityact as certain to fa vor Japan if put into effect One thing seems quite certain he said and that is that the cash andcarry proposition is in im practicable provision of the so called neutrality law On Other Vessels The provision to which he re ferred would require belligerents to pay for goods purchased in this country and to transport them on other than American vessels The act msy be put into effect by the president if he decides a state of war exists abroad and endangers the neutrality of the United States Borah long the senates best known authority on foreign affairs and for years the chairman of the foreign relations committee said that there is nothing to be gained by our assuming fiat war is not being waged in Ch na The fact that no formal declar ation has been made has little to do with realities he continued There is aggressive war of conquest Sympathize With China Of course war bsin in pro gress a great man1 things will happen calculated to arouse a feel ing of resentment upon the part of our people It is probable too that the American people very generally strongly sympathize with China I know I do Nevertheless we should not permit ourselves x be drawn into any war or any controversy And I think that is the clear policy of the secretary state Borah assailed the cash and car ry provisions on the senate floor when the neutrality act of 1935 was amended last spring He ar gued then that it would in event of war make us allies of Japan in the Pacific and of Great Britain in the Atlantic PROBE WATER SALES DES MOINES fair police investigated a report that vendors were selling bottled water in the grandstand to parched spec tators who did not wish to leave their seats ALSO REPORTED IN NATIVE AREA Italian Ship Bombed Port Is Closed to American Merchant Vessels By JAMES A MILLS SHANGHAI Cholera broke out Tuesday night in Shang hais French concession where most of the citys Americans live The outbreak became known shortly before midnight after a day in which United States au thorities closed the port of Shang hai to all American ships except naval vessels marooning for the time being some 2000 Americans who have not been evacuated from the zone of the Shanghai SinoJapanese war Meanwhile an unidentified bomber attacked but did not dam age the Italian operated steamer Lung Shan filled with Chinese refugees Claim Woosuajr Taken Japanese forces on sea air and land opened an offensive 12 miles north of Shanghai which they said resulted in the capture of strategic Woosung its railway sta tion and its forts French concession authorities took every measure to halt the spread of the cholera deadly in testinal disease which yearly takes its toll of underfed Asiatics Earlier in the day with cholera dangers rising from overtaxed sanitation facilitiesarid toesteady drain on water supplies the United States navy canceled shore leaves and all Chinese hands were ordered off the flagship Augusta Black Plague Menace Reports ofthe black bubonic plague in native areas added to the horrors of war Hundreds of rotting bodies of Chinese civilians killed in air raids and by artillery arid ma chine gun fire in Hongkew brought millions of diseast carry ing rats and insects to the areas north of Soochow creels Sanitary officers from the inter national settlement Were seriously hampered in their work there The Japanese military insisted the stricken sections be closed because of the presence of looters and the danger of Chinese troops return ing there from the north and west Japanese Burn Bodies Japanese were firing the bodies after saturating thrn with Jine This ir liaelf horrified the sur viving Chinese for they believe the burning of the body means there can be no redemption in the life beyond The bombing of the Lung Shan created a panic although no dam age was reported The ship was bombed near Woosung north of Shanghai where the Whangpoo and Yangtze rivers flow together for the em battled citys only only avenue of the sea Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek virtual civil and military com mander of wartime China in ef fect demanded immediate foreign intervention to end the hostilities Threat to World Chiang warned at Nanking that Japanese aggression to establish a continental empire for herself is a threat not only to the sov ereignty of China but also to in ternational safety The attack on the Italian ship followed by a day the bombing of the United States Dollar liner President Hoover by Chinese planes in the China sea iff the Yangtze estuary Chinese officials have ccepted responsibility and have offered re dress for the attack in which a seaman was killed other sailors and passengers injured and the ships hull pierced by shrapnel Open New Offensive A terrific bombardment which resounded through the interna tional areas evidently was the first phase of the developing of fensive through the KiKngwan sector Shanghais back door to the north Japanese officers said Shanghais north station was bombed Before the devastating fire of planes and heavy artillery began the Japanese army and foreign po lice combined forces to drive 12 000 bewildered Chinese from their homes in the Hongfcew and Yang tzepoo districts OD Shanghais north side The frightened populace re sisted at first They fled however when Japanese police convinced them they had a choice between flight and death Warn Native Population Japans action in warning the native population of an impending ;