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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 30, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COHP NT OF A 0 ARCHIVE 1 THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 1944 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 281 Robomb Hits Quick Cleanup Is Described By W EAKl HALL GlobeGazette managing Editor Letter No 3 London Air one question is more alive in this town tonight than this one Can the nazis across the channel tell in more than the most general sor of way where jj the bombs from their doodle bugs are going to land While there are some who credit to the buzz bombs a rough accuracy a p p roximating that of an ar tillery piece fir ing a 100 miles or so the more commonly held belief is that with the ro HALL bombs its a case of pointing rather than aiming This latter happens to be my own belief With a sprawling target like London the buzz bombs might have a terror value the people against whom they were turned scared easily Lon doners dont as I brought out in my last letter II Herr Hitler was counting on his pilotless bombs to win the war or to save him from defeat he leaned on a weak reed Even if 10 times more effective they YANKS DASH INTO REIMS LAON Allies 35 Miles From Belgium Nazis Say Rouen Lost Reds Capture Plpesti Oil Region Providing Heavy Blow to Nazis London troops have captured Ploesti PremierMar shal Stalin announced Wednesday night The whole Ploesti oil region is in the hands of the red army Stalin declared in an order of the The great oil region that once rv i Nazis Seek Negotiated wouldnt things do either of those 2 As is almost always the case the defense against this new weapon hat been quick and rather effec tive It has involved 3 main a 11 o o n s ackack and lighter planes How many of the doodle bugs are being launched or how exactly how getting through to this metropolitan area each day I dont know But I do know that the per centage is extremely low I feel very sure that Hitlers investment in the terror machines is infinitely greater than the sum total damage caused by them This belief I should add is not wholly academic on my part Ive seen the doodle bugs in flight Ive supplied Germany with a great proportion of her oil needs was aken by troops of the 2nd Ukrain ian front of Gen Rodion Y Ma linovsky They captured the town and main center of the Romanian oil industry Ploesti Wednesday Stalin said and by the occupa tion of Buzau and Ploesti the lib eration of all the Romanian oil regions from the German invad ers is completed Stalin called for a salute of 20 salvoes from 224 guns Allied supreme headquarters had estimated capture of Ploestis oil refineries would mean an im mediate loss to the Germans of 2000000 tons of annual produc ing capacity SOVIET TROOPS 29 FROM BULGARIA Moscow beaten Ger mans fled Wednesday from their last strongholds on Ihe Black Sea as Russia with troops within 29 miles of Bulgaria appealed to the Bulgars for support in quick lib eration of the Balkans The capture of Constanta Ro manias largest port appeared likely to be followed within a few hours by a complete mopup of scattered German forces in the felt the shock of a hit 3 blocks away and seen the smoke arise from it While Im not permitted to say where orwhen itwas I can fell you that it was the type of build ing which would knocked out by a have 2ton been block BucharestFloesli zone by soviet armored columns last reported 37 miles to the northeast The nazi rout in VyaUachia vince was SO DISORDr buster dropped from a high alti tude And what happened in this Glass for 2 blocks around was shattered by the vacuum from the blast Windows in the building itself were broken But the other damage could be repaired by a dozen masons within a weeks time It wasnt the sort of thing that would win or even help win a war for the Germans Arriving on the scene within 5 minutes I had the opportunity to see Londons air raid wardens fire watchers and other home front volunteers in action It was raining hard but every man was at his station Experience gained in the ever so much more severe blitz of 1940 bas not been forgot ten In these first letters Ive writ ten a great deal about bombs I probably have been guilty of leaving the impression that Lon doners are majoring on this sub ject of their thinking HI have Ive given a false picture The truth is that the everin creasing good news from across the channel has brought a joy and a hope that could come only to a people to whom war has been a bitter closeathand reality for 5 long years I for one am willing to concede that they have some jubilation coming ROBOMBS SENT IN NEW WAVES Come From Area Which Allies Are Nearing London IP New waves of German flying bombs hurtled against London and southern England during the night most of them apparently coming from the region west of Boulogne upon which allied armies now are rapidly advancing The assaults against the south ern counties continued after day break and an alert also was sounded again in the London area The attacks ended a lull which had continued for 2 successive break believed due in part to German difficulties in transporting the robots to launch ing sites Allies Blast at Robombs and Sites London American heavy bombers antiaircraft fire and fighter pilots all were directed Wednesday against German robot bombs which kept hurtling the channel toward London and south ern England One pilot shot down 5 before dusk Ground fire brought down road and rail bridges escaped de molition Little sabotage was re ported in the Ploesti oil fields The German communique said Russian attacks were checked in the Buzua area of Romania and that soviet troops invading Tran sylvania part of Hungary since 1940 were thrown back in coun terattacks With Hungary in the hands of a new government of generals and the Germans hastily increasing their garrison in the rump state of Slovakia central Europe con tinued to be jarred politically as well as militarily by the power blows of red army groups under Generals Rodion Y Malinovsky and Fedor I Tolbukhin The Russians are in a position to capitalize immediately on any new defection by nazi satellites on the eastern fringe of the reich Bulgaria was warned that pas sive neutrality was not enough The Bulgars watched red war ships cruising beyond Constanta in unchallenged supremacy of the Black sea Balcic a Romanian port less than 10 miles north of Bulgarian Dobrudja seemed an easy prize for another Russian amphibious assault A complete German collapse in the Balkans perhaps within a few days was seen as hinging on pos sible Bulgar action Large with drawals of German units FROM GREECE have been reported The nazis were marching north along Bulgar outposts in Macedonia Bulgaria is within striking dis tance Nis the Yugoslav rail junction controlling communica tions throughout most of the Bal kan peninsula Moscow officially forecast an early rout of Hungary as Russian legions thrust deeper into Hun garianheld Transylvania and de ployed swiftly in neighboring Ro mania The time is not far off when all the Hungarian lackeys of Hit ler will fall head over heels de Washington of State Hull said Wednesday that Germany now is evidently desir ous of a negotiated peace but that the allied position for uncondi tional surrender is too well known to require reiteration Hull also declared that the American government lias con stantly in mind that Adolf Hitler and some of his henchmen may try to escape from Germany to neutral countries The govern ment he said is working on that problem Military men have expressed ap prehension that Hitler might find sanctuary in Argentina or Spain Hull recalled to his news con ference that President Roosevelt appealed to the neutrals a year ago not to furnish refuge to any nazi leader and that the British made similar overtures The question of a negotiated neace arose when newsmen asked Hull for comment on a broadcast by the German general staff spokesman Lt Gen Kurt Dittmar that hope of victory was past and that theGerman armies must fight 011 now for the best possible peace that terms Hull replied that indicates the desire on the part of the German leaders for a negotiated peace and of course he added theres noth ing new for us to say about that PARIS CELEBRATORS DUCK SNIPERS dropped to the ground to duck snipers bullets when firing started Aug 26 at Paris Place de 1Hotel de Ville dur ing liberation celebration City hall is in background Associated Press wireplioto engraving by Kayenay f if IT if Early French Vote Urged Last of Snipers Cleared Out Paris necessity of a general election as soon as possible to enable the French people to select their own government was stressed by Gen Charles De Gaulle Wednesday as his patriot forces clared a soviet communique Distances to Berlin From Fronts Are Listed By the Associated Press The road to Berlin front 322 miles from eastern suburbs of War France 470 miles from a point 16 miles east of France 545 miles from front 595 miles from Plane Fleets Blast Nazis on Red Front London Rus sian armies of the north one of the greatest masses of British heavy bombers ever dispatched bombed the Baltic ports of Ko nigsberg and Stettin Tuesday night while Mosquilos slabbed Berlin and Hamburg Wednesday 500 escorted U S heavies attacked the robot bomb sites in northern France The V S armada flew through rain and low clouds to make the attack just in front of allied armies flanking the Fas De Calais area near the English channel More than 1000 heavy bombers participated in the overnight at tacks unloading approximately 1500 tons of high explosives and incendiaries upon Stettin and an other great cargo of destruction upon Konigsberg This twin blow was In direct support oC Russian armies bat tering at Germanys eastern fron tiers both the Baltic port of Stet tin and the East Prussian capital of Konigsberg being important links in German supply lines leading to the Russian front An hour after the attack upon Stettin the air ministry said re connaissance revealed smoke from very large fires rising to a great height Clouds prevented clear obser vation of the results at Konigs berg which was attacked for the second time in 4 nights Both Berlin and Hamburg were hit by speedy Mosquitos which carry a bomb load of 400 pounds The air ministry said 41 planes were lost in the overnight oper ations during which many mines were laid in enemy waters Up to 750 heavy U S bomb ers from Italy also struck Tues NO SHELLS FOR HUNTERS YET WPB Order Still Not Received Jacobson SEE STORY ON SPORTS PAGE The lifting of the ban on the sale of ammunition to hunters as announced by the war production board in Washington cannot take place until the copies of the order and the certification have been re ceived in Iowa P R Jacobson secretary of the Retail Hardware association stated Wednesday Mr said that as soon as the announcement of the WPB order was released by radio Tues day night he had been besieged by telephone calls from dealers over the state punters are rushing to hardware and sporting goods stores for the ammunition only to find that none can be sold The order and certification un doubtedly will be received soon but until then no shells can be sold Mr Jacobson stated Quotas for Hunters and Farmers Listed leared the last collaborationist mpcrglrorri the Egrjs rooftops confirmed his oft made pledge to hold a general lection soon after liberation dur ng a conference with Bidault president ot the council f resistance He also expressed he belief that there should be no call of a national assembly not elected by the people While Paris was returning to normal after giving the greatest vation ever seen here to a parade if American troops through the HUNT BOYS BODY Minneapolis UPJ Searchers repared to resume their hunt Wednesday for the body of Lewis olfe 11 who drowned in Crys al lake Tuesday when an ancienl nd rotrted boat in which he and companions were fishing sank nd spilled them into the lake historic Arc de Triomphe anc down the Champs Elysecs pa riots were fighting small battles vith stubborn nazis French fas cists and apaches holding out on rooftops They were being pickec off one by one and those not sho ivcrc being starved into giving up Champs Elysees was packed witl millions of Parisians roaring un restrained mercis Tuesday when the Americans paraded The re ceplion given to De Gaulle whei he was driven along the sam route last week couldnt compar to the riotous joyful ovation give the Yanks Buildings were smothered i the flags of the allies with th stars and stripes and the unio jack predominating But all th color and all the display of fash ions the Parisians brought out di Washington war pro not hide the scars of recent ba duction board Tuesday lifted Tnere stiu wcre O2rr ades in the street and the wreck ban on the sale of ammunition to hunters ami at the same time boosted quotas of ammunition for farmers and ranchers to use against predatory animals Until Dec ranchers and 31 farmers and hunters will have the following quarterly quota 150 rounds of 22 caliber rimfire car tridges 40 rounds of centerfire rifle ammunition or 50 rounds il customarily packaged SO to a and 100 shotgun shells of any guage The previous quarterly quota for farmers and ranchers was 100 rounds ot 22 rimfire cartridges 40 rounds of centerfire ammuni tion and 25 shotgun shells many more The heavy bombers attacked launching platforms in northern France Flight Lt Rene Van Lierdc a Belgian had bagged 27 bombs so far another pilot had 50 and a Pole had downed 20 Many of the pilotless explosives have been de stroyed by American flyers who have spotted them by chance while on other missions day in tactical support of Rus sian armies whipping through Romania by bombing Hungarian rail bridges and yards at Szeged and Szolnok and enemy barracks and trains moving through that threatened Balkan land Some of these planes flew into Czecho Slovakia and bombed steel works at Moravska Ostrava the largest plate rolling mill in Europe The Mediterranean air force struck transport facilities in northern Italy Yugoslavia and southern France as well as de stroying 12 German planes at the cost of 21 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy SMASH AHEAD ON ITALY FRONT Allies Are 18 Miles From Po Valley Rim Rome iP Smashing through veteran German parachute troops in the first full blown attack on the Italian front in recent weeks British and Polish forces are driv ing the enemy off his last hit positions before the Adriatic enc of the Gothic line and are with in 18 miles of the Po valley rim Heavy fighting was reported as the 8th army dislodged the crack nazi first parachute formed since its defeat at Cas a 3mile long ridgi overlooking the Foglia river afte crossing the Arzilla river te of German tanks and armorc ars were at the curb Weather Report FORECAST lason City Showers and cooler Wednesday afternoon and Wed nesday night Thursday decreas ing cloudiness and cooler Fresh to occasionally strong winds diminishing Thursday Warmer Friday owa Showers Wednesday after noon and in cast portion Wed nesday night followed by de creasing cloudiness Thursday Cooler Wednesday afternoon and Wednesday night and in east portion Thursday Warmer Friday Fresh to occasionally strong winds diminishing Thursday Minnesota Showers cast and north central portions early Wednes day night followed by clearing late Wednesday night Thurs day generally fair cooler Wed nesday night and continued cool Thursday fresh to strong winds diminishing Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 75 Minimum Tuesday night Gf At 8 a m Wednesday 55 Rain 02 An adidtional 41 of an inch rain fell Wednesday morning YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 65 Nazis Trying to Flee Over River Lashed Rome seventh army troops and German forces fleeing up the Rhone valley from southern France were locked in heavy battle Wednesday near the Drome river a dozen miles north of captured Montelimar The Americans struck Tuesday night while the enemy was mak ing a desperate effort to cross the Drome which runs into the Rhone from the east midway between Montelimar and Valence The heaviest fighting centered around Loriol south of the Drome along highway seven The Ger mans threw pontoons across the stream but whether they suc ceeded in grettinir any sizeable group across was unknown Meanwhile due cast near the Italian frontier American troops were forced back to the outskirts of Brirmcon a cily on a 4330 foot elevation in the HautesAlps DO miles north of Nice by an enemy force which was reported here to lave crossed into French territory iom Italy Whether this indicated the light of any large force of Ger man troops from northwestern Italy was not made clear The retreating German force in the Rhone valley remnants of the nazi 19th army was declared fighting for its very existence Scenes of destruction and CHAOS LINED THE ROAD of the enemys retreat An army spokes man said Wednesday morning more than 800 German vehicles including trucks fully loaded were taken after the enemy abandoned them Two batteries of German 88s also were taken by the pursuing Americans A naval announcement indicated many Germans are fleeins the southern France dragnet bysea in attempts to get to northern Italy The announcement said many small boatloads of Germans had been captured Allied headquarters said the prisoner total had now passed 45 000 more than 10000 being taken in the Marseille area alone CZECHS ISSUE 1ST DISPATCH Underground Reports Capture of One Town London CzechoSo vak underground army came into the open Wednesday as a fighting unit In ils first communique de livered to London by underground radio it reported the capture of 1 town and fierce fighting against the Germans in 3 areas The communique issued by the CzechoSlovak press bureau said The German high command has since Aug 29 been occupyin Slovakia CzechoSlovak troops in Slovakia together with guerrilla detachments have offered sistance to the Germans According lo reports so far re ceived the town of Cadca on Ihe frontier between Slovakia and Moravia has been lakcn by as sault Heavy fighting has been re ported from Ihc regions of Zihna Povazska Bystrica and Trcncin LITTLE GERMAN RESISTANCE IS MET IN DRIVES Americans Pound East From Chalons Reich Only 95 Miles Away Supreme Headquarters AEF American tank armies RACING UNCHALLENGED over the last miles of the invasion roads to Germany and Belgium stormed into Laon and the cathedral city of Helms Wednesday while Ber lin admitted that its troops had abandoned the medieval town of Rouen guarding the robot bomb coast of northern France Powerful armored spearheads of the American 1st and 3rd armies punctured the Aisije river line at at least 2 points and were report ed fanning out over the rolling farmlands beyond Reims Laon and ChalonsSurMarne Only scattered and disorganized nazi rear guards barred the path of the American armor in their sweep for the Rhineland and of ficial reports indicated the Yanks were movine at a speed that could carry them to the Belgian border within a day or two Beyond Reims and Laon Amer ican spearheads were 30 to 35 miles from the borders of Belgium while other Yank columns pound ing eastward from Chalons were 95 miles or less from Germany We are now witnessing the pre liminary phase of the allied ad vance on Germany in which the enemy forces are being METHOD ICALLY DISSECTED and forced into isolated corridors even as we press onward United Press War Correspondent Henry T rell said in reporting the sensa tional sweep of the American armies through the Aisne and Marne valleys American riflemen poured swift ly through the breaches created by their plunging tank spearheads while swarms nf allied warplanes ranged before them to bomb and strafe the retreating enemy Simultaneously British Amm an and Canadian forces linked heir bridgeheads across the Seine ibove Paris into a solid 50 mile ront and swung forward 25 miles seyond the Seine to drive an ar mored wedge between Rouen and iieauvais The allies smashing directly at Amiens and the heart of the bases from which German robot bombs AMERICANS TAKE CHATEAU THIERRY AND troops took ChateauThierry and Soissons and drove ahead in a push toward Verdun Allied forces northwest of Paris linked Seine river bridgeheads at Vernon and JIantestt into a solid front and thrust beyond the stream Arrows show drives have been showering down on London captured Ncufmarche 25 miles of Rouen and 15 miles west ot Beauvais There was no confirmation of the Berlin report that Rouen had been evacuated and allied head quarters said latest advices from the front told of bitter righting on the approaches to that fortress town On the American 1st and 3rd army fronts cast of Paris how ever official and enemy reports agreed that the twin American of fensive was making spectacular strides over battle grounds where hundreds of thousands of men fought and died in 1318 to lake and hold a few yards along the Marne and Aisnc rivers H Gen George S Pallons 3rd army tanks and riflemen drove across the Marne at Epernay pushed 13 miles northward to and then swept on more than 10 miles beyond that historic town to cross the Aisne at Ncuf chatel Simultaneously Lt Gen Court ney Hodges 1st army veterans stormed up from captured Sois sons across the Chcmin dcs Dames one of the bloodiest bat tlefields of World war I and on into Laon 12 miles above the Aisnc Unofficial but apparently correct reports said Laon was cap tured and that the Yanks had driven on beyond the city The region between the Marne and the Aisne had been reported one of the strongest outer bastions guarding the invasion roads to Germany but Wednesdays sweep ing progress indicated the enemy lad abandoned it almost without light Sedan and the torcst of the Ar dennes were wide open lo the American thrust northeast of Soissons and the forest of the Ar oiinc on the road to AlsaceLor raine was 25 miles or less from Pattons spearheads beyond Cha lons A German Transocean news agency broadcast said the Ameri cans had reached St Dizier 8a miles from the German border but claimed they had been driven back by nazi counterattacks Stiffer resistance was encoun tered in the Seine bridgehead area above Paris and official reports said the Germans wcrt ;