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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 30, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP i DEPARTUCMT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST THIS FAPEB CONSISTS OP TWO STCTIOW3 wu A uv or TWO STCTZONS VTVV ONE NO 278 REDS WIN TAGANROG ANCHOR POINT Nazi Patrol Boats Planes Kill Many Of Fleeing Danes TIGHT CONTROL IS PLACED ALL OF NATION Spirited Battle Is Fought When Scuttling Occurs in Copenhagen Stockholm fP Big fires blazed fiercely Monday among the scuttled hulks 01 Denmarks naval vessels in Copenhagen har bor and offshore nazi patrol boats and planes shot at Danes fleeing a new German military dictator ship clamped upon the rebellious kingdom Refugees streamine into Swe den said scores of persons drowned as the nazi gunners sank many small motorboats sailboats and fishing smacks in the Oeresund the narrow stretch of water between Den mark and Sweden The Germans ignored the usual Copenhagen blackout during the night Street lights blazed brightly as patrols in tanks and armored cars toured the city en forcing the martial law decreed by the German military c o m mander who had interned the aged King Christian X in his castle and set up nazi rule to re place that of the resigned Danish government fires lo the harbor area could be seen from the Swedish coast Ai series of deafening ex plosions set them off at Dawn Sunday as Danish naval forces sent the greater part of their small navy to the bottom The Germans drastio action was the upshot of a series of vio lent disorders in the tiny country during the past 2 weeks Nine naval ships 2 of them small destroyers reached safety In Swedish ports Sunday An other torpedo boat arrived in Landskrona Suudayjiifht rais ing to 10 the number now docked in Sweden Marine and royal guard forces fought a brief hut spirited battle with German troops who tried to invade the royal barracks and naval yard in Copenhagen as the scuttling was in progress Danes who escaped to Sweden reported Fortyfive vessels of various types including 2 new destroyers and 9 submarines w e r e sunk ammunition dumps blown up and harbor fortifications wrecked The light cruiser Niels Juel tried to escape but a German war plane bombed and sank her The crew ot 369 was saved and landed at Hclsingoer if Nazi roons surrounded the royal palace at Amalienborg but the royal guard blocked all entrances and exchanged a bar rage of gunfire the Ger mans Resistance ceased onlr when King Christian X gave the order The venerable king who will Be 1 3 next month was interned in Sorgenfri castle outside Copen hagen Nazi troops were posted around the castle The London Daily Telegraph reported from Stockholm Monday morning that King Christian was expected fo abdicate This report said diplomatic circles in the Swedish capital were discussing formation of a free Danish gov ernment in London The military dictatorship was imposed as the climax of a rap Fariund Kr i st pan jand Slcogerrofc HEIGOLAND Wilhelmshaven SCANDINAVIAN STORM CENTERCircle incloses 3 in Denmark amlMahno and Lands krona in center of recent JDanish rebel lion against German rule Naval forces scuttled most of the arnsn fleet at Copenhagenin a battle with German troops The crew of ajorpedo boatescaped to Malmo and 7 other Danish naval vessels were reported to have arrived at Landskrona carrying a large number ofcivilians KING CHRISTIAN X id series of sabotage acts in the past 2 weeks throughout the reluctant German vassal state overrun by Hitlers forces in 1910 It banned all strikes civil com munications street traffic after dark and assemblies of more than a persons except for church services The death penalty was provided for those who invite workers to strike to the detri ment of German armed forces The German move to take over full control of the Danish civil servants instructed to stay on the job under direct nazi after the government of Premier Eric Scav enius flatly refused to bow to a drastic 8point ultimatum pre sented Saturday by German Min ister Werner Best It was said this ultimatum car ried many of the same terms em braced within the martial law or der ALL DANISH ARMY NAVlf OFFICERS ARRESTED London high Danish source here received word Mon day that German occupation forces had arrested all active army and navy officers in Den mark estimated to total 1300 Underground advices of the roundup of some 1200 army and 300 navy officers also told of the seizure of numerous other Dan ish leaders A spokesman said it had been confirmed that the Germans had arrested 4 prominent members of the Danish conservative party including Vithelm Fibi gtr as well as many other po litical leaders suspected by the nazis of associating with the Free Danish leader Christmas Mocller informants said Gen Hermann Von Hanncken commander of the German occupation forces or dered the arrest of all activearmy and navy officers Saturday ap parently in an effort to put a brake on resistance The arrests began immediately German patrols in armored cars began rounding up the officers warning them not to resist or try to escape Despite the warning the Dan ish guard outside Rosenberg castle fought a brave fight for several hours against superior German forces a spokesman said Danish sources said the royal guard at Analienborg castle re ceived direct orders not to resist the Germans but ignored them Earlier reports to Danish quar ters said a number of Germans and Danes were killed in open clashes precipitated by army and I navy resistance CIANO FLIGHT ANGERS PEOPLE Mussolinis SoninLaw Reported in Munich BULLETIN London Swiss dis patch reported Monday that Count Galeazzo Ciano had es caped from Rome disguised as peasant but had been arrested near the French frontier with his wife and 3 children The dispatch said Italian Carbinier had overtaken Ciano when he was only a few miles from France He was reported to have been carrying 500000 French francs and a large amount of Italian and Spanish currency and was quoted that he had intended to cross France and seek refuge in Spain At the SnissItalian Frontier reported flight of Count Galeazzo Ciano former Italian foreign minister and soninlaw of Benito Mussolini angered Mondav the Italian people who considered him one of those most responsible for the fascist regime A Chiasso dispatch to the Swiss telegraphic agency said Italians had assumed that Ciano and his family were heavily guarded and therefore were surprised fo learn hs had been able to evade sur veillance A broadcast of the German underground radio stalion Allan tifc was recorded in London as saying Ciano had reached Munich after fleeing from Rome The German radio said Mon day the former fascist leader his wife and children had eluded the police around his home and es The Swiss telegraphic agency dispatch estimated the fortune Ciano built under fascism at many millions of dollars The Italian people meanwhile awaited official announcement of the flight F R Designates Fire Prevention Week to Be Started on Oct 3 Washington president Roosevelt designated the week starting Oct 3 as fire prevention week and declared that destruc tion by fire in this country since Pearl Harbor had been compar able to the damage caused by enemy bombs in England in the first 2 years of the war I earnestly request the people of the country he said in a statement to take unusually ac tive measures during that week and throughout the year to con serve our human and material re sources from destruction bv fire ORTE RAILWAY CENTER NORTH OF ROME HIT Bombers Encounter But Slight Opposition in Raids on Toe of Italy By NORLAND XORCAAKD Allied Headquarters in North Africa lying fortresses struck at Orte railway center 40 miles north of Rome for the 1st time and medium bombers de livered heavy new blows at vital rail targets at Torre Annunziata on the Bay of Naples Sunday in the methodical daily destruction of the Italian communications system At the same time light and medium bombers divebombers and fighters ranged far and wide over the toe of Italy lay ing waste Ihe enemys gun po sitions and rail and road links and encountering only slight opposition in the area already reported nearly deserted After the heavy pounding by American B26 marauders Torre Annunziata railway yards again were smashed Sunday night by RAF and Canadian Wellingtons Twenty enemy planeswere de stroyed in the day op erations 17 of them shot down by bombers and a fighter escort in the raids on Orte and Torre Annunziata Three allied planes are missing said an allied head quarters communique Sundays farreaching air at tacks followed a bombardment of an enemy artillery battery onthe Calabrian coast near Cnpe Pel laro Saturday afternoon by a British cruiser and destroyer The return fire of the coastal bat teries was ineffective said an al lied naval announcement British Boston and Baltimore bombers and American B25 Mitchells and p40 warhawks par ticipated in the concerted attacks on the Italian toe hitting gun po sitions near Reggio Calabria and San Giovanni on the eastern shore of Messina Straits railway junctions at Cosenza and freight yards at La Mezia A3R invaders also scored a direct hit on a temporary bridge over the An gitola river Orte which is one of the im portant points on the Rome Florence rail line was chosen to receive its 1st taste of deadly fortress bombing alter flyinjr American raiders on suc cessive days had smashed at Sulmona 100 miles east nf Rome and Terni 40 miles north of the Italian capital Torre Annunziata has been one of Ihe favorite targets of the ceaseless campaign to wipe out southern Italys communications It had been battered on 2 nights by Wellingtons Rome reported in its daily communique that Italian and German air formations attacked allied naval units in the port Augusta the communique said adding that one oil tanker of 8 000 tons was seen to explode and another of equal tonnage set afire An attack on an allied convoy in the western Mediter ranean by German bombers was said to have damaged a battle ship and cruiser A complete lack of defensive action around the Strait of Mes sina and deeper inland surprised tactical air force raiders as they gave the Calabrian coast another concentrated blasting One RAP flight leader declared the area appeared dead and deserted Air force officials however were reluctant to attach any im mediate significance to thelack of flak or other signs of enemy activity Previously both antiaircraft Buns and artillery had been very active in that area COMMITTED SUICIDE Moines hundred lowans committed suicide during the 1st iof this year com pared with 143 in the like period of 1940 130 in 1915 anci 101 last year health department records showed and the decline was credited to wartime prosperity FIRST LADY INSPECTS Franklin B Roosevelt weannir uniform tavoLecit Arrican Red a h00 ot y e nhotnfrn hei tour of ihe Pacific Associate Press photo from antransport command via signal corps radio HULL HITS AT FALSEHOODS Lashes Charge Officials Washington Minis vD J ei Wnston Churchill was be Want KedS Died White lieved Monday lo be preparing a new invitation for the axis to leave the war before suffering Ihe Washington JPj Secretary Hull Monday termed monstrous and resulls of plans mEiio at Quebec diabolical falsehoods charges he PresidentRoosevelt made the byJWetfPear 3sr offerin his son columnist radio comOttawa speech last Wednesday mentator that Hull and other high Churchill was expected to repeat state department officials wished it in his worldwide radio address Tucsejay at noon The president and to be bled department the Soviet Union white The secretary of slate opened his press conference without wait ing for questions by reading the following statement I do not ordinarily take notice of attacks made cither on the state department or myself When these attacks however concern our relations with an allied gov ernment I must lake Jiolice of them I am informed that recently Drew Pearson published over the radio and in Ihe press the charge that I and other high officials in the state department are opposed to the Soviet government and that iye actually wish the Soviet Union to be bled white I desire to brand these state ments as monstrous and diabolical falsehoods Last week Hull said in a state ment which did not name indi viduals that some writers and commentators were lending aid and comfort to the enemy by making untrue statements about international relations of the Unit ed Stales Pearson commenting on the secretarys statement said 1 hope thai Mr Hulls denial of my charge that he is antiRus sian will stand up better than his recent denial that Sumncr Welles would resign 13 ARE DEAD IN MINE BLAST 10 Reported to Be in Serious Condition Birmineham Ala death toll from a double explo sion that wrecked the Sayreton mine of the Republic Slccl com pany reached 19 Monday and more than 10 of the 22 injured were in a serious condition Rescue workers several of whom were trapped in the 2nd blasl believed the 1st explosion was caused by gas but the com pany said the immediate cause was not known One of the 19 victims was E J McCrossin state safety inspector who was killed while leading a rescue squad into the shaft about an hour after the 1st blast He and 3 other rescuers were killed in the 2nd explosion which filled the shaft with tons of rock and debris One rescue worker said his miners lamp suddenly went out after he entered the workings The place was full of gas and 1 spark would have set the slope rocking again he explained Another miner F W Flippo was blown 40 feet by the 2nd ex plosion while he was aiding thc party searching for victims of the 1st blast Churchills Tuesday Talk Expected to Have New Invitation to Axis the prime minister as in thc case of Italy are not aiming their surrender campaign at the axis high com mand but more at the people sup porting the armies Churchills address was expected lo contain fuller elaboration on decisions reached at Quebec than disclosed by Mr Roosevelts speech at Ottawa where the president de voted a large portion of his re marks to CanadianAmerican re lations But he will not give thc the allied listening public than a generalized hinton future war plans Urge Children Be Kept From Crowds Des Moines Jfj Dr Carl F Jordan director the prevent able diseases division the stale department of health advised parents to keep children awa3 from crowds and use their fever thermometers as a step in pre venting the spread of poliomclitis infantile Thirtyfive cases had been reported to the de partment up to Saturday The number last year totaled 72 cases in 1941 41 and in 1940 329 Weather Report FORECAST Mason Ciiy Scattered thunder showers Monday afternoon and Monday night not much change in temperature Monday after noon Monday night and Tues day forenoon Iowa Scattered Ihundershbwcrs Monday night and Tuesday forenoon warmer Monday aft ernoon and Monday night MINNESOTA Scattered thunder showcrs a n cl Ihunderstorms Monday night and and south portions Tuesday fore noon Warmer northeast and central portions Monday night Cooler west and north central portions Tuesday forenoon Winds increasing to 15 to 25 miles per hour IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Sunday 87 Minimum Sunday night 65 At 8 a m Monday 68 Rain Monday morning 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 5 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 77 Minimum Saturday night 56 At 8 a m Sunday 63 Rain Saturday night 08 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 72 Precipitation 02 NAZIS REJECT SWEDISH CLAIM Germans Also Voice Warning to Press Stockholm pro tests over the sinking ot 2 fish ing boats by German minesweep efrsWere rejected by Berlin in reply to the Swedish foreign of fice Sunday which insisted that the boats were operating in in ternational waters Ihe nazis have declared blockaded At the same time the Berlin press opened an attack on Ihe Swedish press warning thai Ger many would not tolerate what it described as the mtijiazi at titude of certain Swedish news papers The German minister in Stock holm presented his governments reply which said that nazi mine sweepers hffd fired warning shots before attacking the fishing boats which the nazis said were operat ing in forbidden waters off the Danish coast The Germans contended the presence of the fishing boats in these waters constituted an act of support to Germanys enemies The note warned that the Ger mans would take suitable steps againsl such fishermen in the fu ture The German press flatly ac cused the Swedish papers be ing motivated by British and American influence and added that Germany will not tolerate any such action in the Swedish press nny longer Skunk Climbs Under Hood of Automobile Boise Idaho iff A skunk climbed under the hood of Shir ley Howells car He drove lo the state fish and game department Employes there werent interested Next stop was the fire depart ment Firemen after a fire ex imguisher failed to dislodge thc kilty found a solulion did it CRUMBLING OF SOUTH DEFENSE LINE INDICATED General Retreat Move of German Forces in Russia Is Stepped Up London Premier Joset Jtaliii announced the capture oC Taganrog southern anchor of the 1500 mile Russian front Monday n a special order of the day TheGermans earlier Monday admitted evacuation ot the city Stalin said the capture was the result of a fierce engage ment in which the Russians routed the Germans The Ger mans said the town was evac uated after they hafl destroyed the town and harbor installa tions Capture ot the southern flank of the Russian front indicated the nazis entire southern front posl iions were crumbling Stalin whose order of the day was the Moscow ra dio and recorded by the Asso ciated Press said the new vic tory was achieved as a result of i bold maneuver by soviet cas alry and mechanized formations which broke through to the rear of the enemy troops v With the fall of this important sea of Azov port to the victor iously onrushinff red army the capture of Stalino Hitlers southern front headquarters 10 miles lo Ihe northwest may fol low soon Taganrog said the Germans in theiv daily high command com munique accord ing being com pletely7 destroyed It wasanother of the socalled strategic with drawals which German pro pagandists have been at pains lo color as nazi triumphs Evacuation at Taganrog makes it clear that the whole right flank of the German army is compro mised and indicates that a general pulling back started with Ihe soviet offensive in the Donels basin a Jew days ago has been stepped vip The Berlin radio said Jhe Rus sians had suffered heavy losses mainly through minefields left by the retreating Germans in the Taganrog area Taganrog a city with a normat population of 70000 had been in German hands since the early summer of 1942 The soviet communique Mon day indicated that fastmoving soviet columns south and west of Kharkov are threatening 800000 nazi troops in the Donets Basin salient with possible encirclement Harddriving Russian troops advanced 3 lo miles to re capture 50 villages including thc railroad junction of Lyu botin 25 miles west of Kharkov mi thc KurskKiev line the war bulletin announced The push seemed to be aimed at bypassing the big nazi base at Poltava as miles to the south and wesl of Kharkov on the north At the same lime another soviet spearhead further south was pointing in the direction ot Kras nograd in a drive apparently aimed at pinching off the base just as the nazi bastion at Orel was cut off earlier this summer Action on the Kharkov and Voroshilovgrad fronts thus seemed to be rapidly blending into 1 gi RBDS continued advance of Russian forces was marked Monday by the evacuation of Taganrog by the German armies ;