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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 29, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT HISTORY OES UOINES COMP THE THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOtS VOU Associated First and United Pm FuU LeiMd London Joy Restrained in Fall of Paris Note The following letter written Aug 23 when French pai triots claimed they had liberated Paris describes Londons emo tions on hearing the premature announcement of the liberation of the French capital By W EARL BALL Managing Editor GlobeGazette Letter No 2 London Air is be ing written on the evening of the day that Paris fell As Ive gone about the city Ive noted an air of restrainedj ub i la t tori The just arent the kind of people to throw their hats in the air and shout Theres a uni versal feeling that its the greatest allied this war at least in its implications But it still doesnt mean the end war HALL The blackout tonight is exactly the same as 5 years ago The dread of robot bombing persists No t isnt a night of hilarious celebration in London The spirit and attitude I should say is more that of prayerful thanksgiving The news of the inoccupation of Paris by the French broke dur ing the noon hour and was made an occasion for special broadcasts featuring the Marseillaise by BBC Special editions were issued by the whole covey of London afternoon newspapers I had spent a forenoon at the office of American censorship and the British ministry of infor mation headquarters and was en route down to the Savoy for lunch when the news broke The tidings were brought to me by an English gentlewoman and her venerable mother whom I had met in the hotel lobby earlier in the week They had come into London from their country home nearer the buzz bomb coast to catch up on their sleep a bit Many of the bombs deflected by the balloon cables the ackack gnus and by fighter planes had been dropping in their area Inci dentally thats one of the patrio tic sacrifices being made by those people of coastal England about which not too much has been said up to this time This Withers served with the American Red Cross in the last war Her hus band a linguist with a mastery of a half dozen languages is en gaged in cersorship in this war Much of the time between the wars she and her husband made their home in Paris They were driven out by the Hitler invader in 1940 After victory in this war they plan to go back to their home in France Touring America in an automobile is another of their am bitions When I came down the ap proach to the Savoy entrance I was greeted by this English gen tlewoman and her aged mother Have you heard the wonder ful news And before I could answer she exclaimed Paris is ours again I knew the France of fighting France she exclaimed Im sure there has now been a rebirth of that old courage There were tears in her eyes When we talked about Laval she exhibited a deeprooted contempt Whatever is done by way re prisal against those who sold out to Hitler will have this one essen tially kind womans fullest bless ing Of that Im very sure While the average Londoner on the street is confident that Hit ters fate is sealed the more tight Iy by the taking of Paris not many are disposed to predict im mediate victory If it hasnt come by the first of December were pretty sure to have another winter of war This is a view Ive heard from numerous British citizens Anc Americans who should be in the know are convinced almost to the YANKS TAKE CHATEAU THIERRY 122000 Nazis Killed or Captured in Falaise Trap plenty o last man that theres stiff fighting ahead Paris is regarded as another most important station on the road to not the get ting off place by any means the Japs Appeal for Boost in Planes Munitions By UNITED PRESS The Tokyo radio warned Japanese people Tuesday that the war is steadily approaching the homeland The Tokyo broadcast recorded by FCC was made in connection with an appeal for greater production of planes anc munitions An earlier broadcas disclosed that Tokyo was prepar ing for expected allied air raids WES IN DULBTH Dnlulh Minn Emma H Huntley 70 Cedar Rapids Iowa died at a hospital here Monday after a long illness She was brought to Duluth from Cc oar Rapids in an ambulance plane in the month Wive Cob a 1UASON Cm IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 1944 Tfaii Paper CtoadiU at Two DANUBE DELTA IS IN HAUDS OF SOVIET FORCES Russians Approach Ploesti and Bucharest With Smashing Drives Moscow IP Swift Russian drives through Romania ap proached the great oil center of Ploesti and Bucharest Tuesday as one army poured across a 75 mile stretch on the Danube and an other knifed 15 miles inside Hun garianheld Transylvania Hungarian and German troops were reported massing in Tran sylvania the 16643 square mile section of Romania which Hitler gave to Hungary in 1940 The sud den Russian push through passes in the Carpathians gave the red army the good base town of Bretscu on a railroad and high way The German communique said the Russians rushing in from all sides had captured Buzau 40 miles northeast of Ploesti and 60 miles from Bucharest Buzau is a mil and road junction 60 miles west of Braila the large Danube port which the Russians captured Monday night The entire Danube delta was in Russian hands and troops which crossed the Danube on a wide front were racing for the Black Sea port of Constanta and the roads leading to Bucharest from the east and northeast The Russians captured a large flotilla on the Danube and each hour new ships were arrivingon the Danube and Black Sea cxrast behind Russian lines flying the red Hag Already the Ploesti oil field derricks north of the city were in sight of Russian troops Cos sacks tanks and motorized infan try on the plains before the Ro mania capital ranged close to the COLLABORATIONIST LOSES PANTSThis French collaborationist who lost his pants to an angry group of Pansians is saved by the French Forces of the Interior and taken city of 650000 feeling outGer man resistance The red army was moving for ward on a 200 mile front from po sitions inside Transylvania west of the main Carpathian ridge to the Black Sea between captured Sulina and Constanta Red Star Frank Miles Visits Grave of Son Talks to Buddies Sees Plane in which Bill Had Died Take Off for South France EDITORS NOTE This is he first overseas article in a series by one of the GlobeGazettes w a r correspondents Frank Miles By FRANK MILES Iowa Daily Press War Morre spondent Somewhere in the Mediterranean War Theater 21 year old son 2nd Lt William B Bill Miles a Liberator first pilot and his young expectant wife nee Kathleen Whitehead of West Hel ena Ark came to my home in Des Moines to sec his mother and me shortly be fore he flew overs ess for combat None of us shed tears at the parting He and I shook hands with an exchange so longs he kissed his mother climbed into his car and was off with a smile and a FRANK MILES wave Soon cheery air mail and Vmail letters came from him in Africa and then in Italy He was always good about writing About the middle of May when I learned I was coming across as a war correspondent for American Legion publications I wrote him I might see him shortly and jok ingly added he might bring me home as a passenger He never read the letter It was returned June 10 marked deceased On June 1 came a message that he had been killed in action May 17 Later we learned it was from flak in a raid over Elba that his copilot 2nd Lt Cal Lindsay of Lambefton N Car who only had been scratched by the burst had flown the plane back to base and that my son had been given a Christian military burial in a U S cemetery in Italy the fol lowing day On Aug 13 when I was planning to go to see his grave I happened into a conversation with Col R A Warner of San Francisco who was on duty there When you arrive phone my of fice and tell them to provide you with a car and driver the colonel said I landed there in a plane the next day followed Col Warners instructions A driver with a jeep was at the port for me in a few minutes About sunset that evening I walked bareheaded and alone in among the rows of graves and found the one I had come to visit I knelt down and talked through the Lord to him and his comrades sleeping there and elsewhere then arose and saluted him and all of them and departed with pride and contentment in my broken heart To loved ones those who have made the supreme sacrifice for America in this war and who read this I assure you that the govern ment through picked officers and men takes excellent care of bodies and cemeteries I was deeply im pressed with Capt Richard B Coombs of Boston Mass who was in command of the company in charge of the plot where Bill rests I happened to meet Lt Don Smith of Portland Ore a tall kindly young officer When I told him I should like to visit Bills buddies at the base from which he had gone on his last mission the lieutenant immediately obtained ior me a car with a driver for the 78mile trip We reached the des tination and I spent the 3 hours talking with Major James P Lyle Denton Texas who was on the opposite wing from Bill on my sons fatal flight and others of his surviving friends Next morninr I saw 36 heavy bombers take off in 30 minutes to participate in the allied invasion of southern France After that I saw the plane in which Bill had lost his life His name had been removed from its side A few minutes later Lt Elvin Brush of California who was one of Bills best buddies informed me he was about to fly to the city from which I had set out and in vited me to go along Of course I accepted I shall ever be softened by thoughts of Colonel Warner and Lieutenants Smith and Brush Fighting men yes but men with hearts as tender as a childs to a griefstricken father who in those hours sorely needed such help as they accorded And now I believe I know bet ter than ever before why Ameri ca must defeat our enemies and do honorably whatever may be needed to prevent involvment in another world cataclysm reported the surrender of monocled Gen Makhai Boiko commander of the 14th Romanian division and said of course Boi kos division is not yet in a state for fighting pressed his but the general ex wish to reform the division and fight against the Germans The commander was quoted as saying he deserted Gen Count Von Chulsen when the German demanded gasoline am munition and food for his hard pressed corps Prisoners in the whirlwind Ro manian campaign now in its 2nd week approached 275000 with the 11000 caged Monday The way was wide open to Bucharest Moscow speculated that soviet forces would reach the capital by Wednesday Latest re ports placed tankled spearheads less than 50 miles away A northern arm of Gen Rodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukraine army plunged through the pineclad Oituz pass at PoianaSarata and penetrated 10 miles within north ern Transylvania capturing Bretcu and hurling back both Ger man and Hungarian troops Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Thundershowers Tuesday afternoon and Tuesday night becoming partly cloudy Wednesday cooler Wednesday fresh to strong winds Iowa Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers west antl north portions Tuesday and rain Tuesday night antl Wed nesday Cooler Wednesday and Wednesday night and in north west portion Tuesday night Fresh to strong winds through Wednesday Minnesota Occasional rain Tues day night and Wednesday Warmer northeast portion Tuesday night and cooler Thursday Fresh to accasional ly strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 77 Minimum Monday night 56 At 8 a m Tuesday 60 06 inch AGREE ON FORM TO BE SET UP FOR SECURITY Conferees Decline to State What Authority Is Given Small Nations By JOHN M HIGHTOWEK Washington Dumbar on Oaks conferees announced Tuesday general agreement on the form of an international se curity organization including a council composed of big powers plus a number of smaller nations The conferees declined to am plify the announcement made or to say specifically In a joint statement what authority should be given to the small powers on the council in relation to the big nations The joint statement said After a week of discussions the 3 heads of delegations are happy to announce that there is general agreement among them to recommend that the proposed in ternational organization for peace and security should provide for 1 An assembly composed of representatives of all peacelov ing nations based on the principle of sovereign equality 2 A council composed of a smaller number members in which the principal states will be joined by a number of other states to be elected periodically 3 Effective means for the peaceful settlements of disputes including an international court of justice for the adjudication of questions and also the applications of such other means as may be necessary for mainte nance of peace and security The delegations are continuin to discuss the structure and juris diction of the various organs and methods of procedure These topics require a great deal of consideration and a num ber of proposals are now being submitted to examination Dif ferent proposals of the different countries do not in dicate disagreement of conflict ing points of view but stem from varied approaches to the com mon objective After our work has advanced to a stage at which our fully considered recommen dations have been formulated and our conclusions have been pre sented our respective govern ments will decide the appropriate moment for Undersecretary of State Edward Stettinius American delegation chief and chairman of the Dam barton Oaks meeting replied to every request for amplification with a statement that the infor mation sought was still under dis cussion Illso Seize Soissons Only 54 Miles From Borders of Belgium BULLETIN With American Forces In France troops captured halonsSur Marne and Vitry Le Francois Tuesday and crossed the larne between the 2 towns Units of the V S 3rd army also were ipproaching the cathedral city of Reims 25 miles norhtwest of Jhalons The Americans are within 100 miles of Germany Supreme Headquarters AEF rampaging American tank rmy swept triumphantly across the battle fields of World War I uesday broke through the Marne and Aisne river lines and captured aerman Toll s Speedily Rising Higher British Headquarters Near the Seine troops killed r captured 122000 Germans in tie great Falaise entrapment British 2nd army headquarters isclosed Tuesday and still more housamls of Germans will be idded to the toll from the disor lanized enemy retreat across the Seine The 30000 tilled and 92000 captured a THIRD OF THE LATTER the bag f American British and Canad an armies through successive en rapments in the Falaise area up o Aug 25 The armies since that time have swept on pinning the shredded remnants of Field Marshal Von Kluges 7th army against the lower Seine and taking a new heavy loll The figure was an nounced after 5 days of counting prisoners Even this huge bag has been welled during the last 3 days and vm grow again Tuesday as Nazi Losses in West and North tt war I was stopped Arrows indicate latest allied drives while line A shows thl farthest advance in the last war and line B the battle line at time of armistice historic Soissons and Chateau Thierry in a mileanhour drive on Belgium and the German fron tier Racing more than 40 miles east and northeast across fields and farmlands where the AEF of 1918 fought and won the bloodiest bat tles in American military history Lt Gen George S Pattons U S 3rd army troops COLLAPSED THE ENTIRE MARNE LINE almost without opposition and plunged on across the Aisne at Soissons The enemy fought hard for the Aisne river crossing but was rid den down and dispersed by Pat tons wildriding armor Soissons where the Americans launched their great counterof fensive in July 1918 fell to a fastmoving tank and infantry column that burst across the Marne west of ChateauThierry g France 325000 London campaign in vestern and northern France al ready has cost the Germans at east 325000 men on the basis of ncomplete tabulations The toll does not include opera ions by the Canadian first army uid Brilsih 2nd army since Aug 25 but it also does not allow for certain possible duplications The American 3rd army an nounced Monday U had killed or captured 81000 Germans since t began operations The British 2nd army Tuesday declared he Jritish Canadian first army and American first army had taken 92000 prisoners out of the Falaise ap ond killed 30000 more In addition about 123000 Ger mans were accounted for in allied iperations exclusive of the Falaise trap and before the 3rd army was activated A Rome dispatch Monday esti mated German losses in southern France at more than 50000 rais ing the total for all France close to 400000 troops complete mopping up the last 3 remaining pockets in Seme river loops south and west of Rouen British troops fighting across the Seine east of Vernon have en countered a German armored di vision from Norway and there was speculation about the weakening of the Norway garrison Enemy rearguards have been fighting stubbornly against Brit ish troops pouring across the Seine east of Loeviers and atVer non but prisoners asserted theirs had been a last gasp assignment Men captured Monday said they had been without food for 2 days that they were short of ammuni tion and almost entirely without artillery support except lor their own mortars In the general area near Lov icrs the remnants of Von Kluges army have been bolstered by ele ments of the German 15th army which has been deployed bctweer the Seine and the Belgian border in the Pas De Calais department guarding the robot bomb plat forms It was conceded generally bj staff officers that the nazis wen emptying northwest France a rapidly as humanly possible ii order to escape an even large and more deadly trap which i being sprung by the swift Ameri can drive northeast of Paris This bag was result of 2 ArgentanFalaise pock et which in effect came to an enc with the shambles at Chambois and the larger loop covering al northwest France Mulb the Seine drove through Bellcau wood and ChateauThierry and then swun 22 miles north to the Aisne Fifteen miles east of Soissons the Yanks battered their way for ward to the Aisne at Fismes where the German radio said fur ious fighting was in progress Fiftyfour miles beyond Sols sons lay the Belrian border while bare 20 miles to the west was he historic forest of Compiegne where the 1917 armistice was igned and where Adolf Hitler im posed his conquerors tmee on ranee in 1910 On their right flank other Amer can armored units swept cast vaid along the valley ot the Vlarne driving 15 miles beyond aptured ChateuThierry to within miles of Epernay A supporting column drove along he south bank of the Marne and rossed the river at 2 points south ast of Chalons 1814 miles beyond Epernay and unofficial reports aid the Yanks also had broken nto the vital railway hub of VitryLe Francois 1814 miles outheast of Chalons Headquarters spokesmen indi cated that the tide ot American anks troops and guns were sweeping on beyond Soissons and halons in a bid to Collapse the entire nazi defense position in northern France Barely 25 miles beyond Chalons which the Germans said Pattons men had entered lay the forest of he Arconne and beyond that rds oric Verdun and the AlsaceLor raine invasion road to Germany Headquarters announced that he German armies of northern France had lost 122000 killed and captured in their disastrous defeat n Normandy and it was indicated that the enemy had NOTHING LEFT TO MAKE A STAND short of the Siegfried line on the FrancoGerman border Pattons troops were speeding through the broken enemy de fenses as swiftly as on peacetime maneuvers with their rate of ad vance apparetnly only checked by the mobility of their supply col umns Berlin commentators said Pat ton had thrown 3 army corps to taling 10 150 000 the breakthrough north of the Marne with another 3 divisions heading eastward from Troyes toward AlsaceLorraine and the Saar valley As the American 3rd army struck British Canadian and American units north of Paris surged across the Seine bridge heads brought the river port of Ronen under rifle fire and sent their tank stabbinr northward for the robot bomb coast The Vernon and Mantes bridge heads were linked up giving the allies a solid 30mile foothold on the northeast bank of the Seine and headquarters said armored spearheads had been pushed out 11 miles beyond the river to Can tiers Hundreds of allied warplanes swarmed out through a driving rainstorm to bomb and machine gun the fleeing enemy all along the 200mile front from the Seine estuary to the Troycs area and preliminary reports said they spread terrific destruction through the nazi troop and supply col umns Everywhere the allied armies were pressing their attack ;