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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 29, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H R H I ST MEU AH T 0 E P f Of I o v A c 0 M P OtS 0 J H E S I i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT k SPOT VOL XLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 29 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 276 Pictures of European Crisis Belgian Soldiers Report at Barracks for Duty BRITAIN WONT BUDGE IN STAND ON POLAND As European statesmen continued their frenzied efforts to avert general war Belgian soldiers continued to arrive at the Brussels barracks reporting for duty At left is a policeman who helped hold back the crowds of anxious wives and relatives This picture was transmitted from London to New York by caMe While crowds were gathered in Downingstreet in London during the period of crisis naitmg man tossed a suitcaseful of rubber balls into the air Screams and a stampedefollowed as the crowd feared bombs This woman tried to shield her children The harmless balls were chalked with peace slogans Associated Press radiophoto In addition to the three Rs of ordinary schoolchildren these English children are receiving Instructions about raids All over London children returned to schools from their summer vacations to get information about possible evacuation Children each carrying a gas mask box with his sack of boohs are shown here leaving the school building with their teacher Associated Press cablephoto Minister Is Charged With Hiring Man to Kill Daughter Suitor Says He Was to Receive for Lovers LaneMurder CAMDEN K J Revv Walter Dworecki wihose preach ing vigor earned him the nick name Iron Mike was accused by County Prosecutor Samuel P Orlando Tuesday of hiring his daughters suitor to kill her for insurance At a police court hearing the 42 year old clergyman and Peter Schewshuk 21 a former boarder in the Dworecki home pleaded guilty to murder charges but their pleas were changed to innocent under a law that a plea of guilty to murder cannot be accepted at a preliminary hearing Both men were held without bail Orlando said both signed state ments that the murder was com mitted by Peter at the solicitation of the father The auburnhaired girl Wanda 18 was found dead Aug 8 She had been beaten and strangled in a grip so powerful it broke her breast bone Schewshuk was to receive the sum of Orlando added but the lather never paid ACCEPT OFFER OF LEOPOLD France and Britain Are Willing to Have King Be Mediator PARIS French officials announced Tuesday night France and Britain had notified King Leopold of Belgium that both na tions were willing to accept his of fer of mediation in the German Polish crisis 2 Killed in Blast of Tank at Rock Island ROCK ISLAND III men were dead and a third was in a critical condition Tuesday of burns which resulted from an ex plosion and fire Monday in one of the 2000000gallon water tanks under construction at the Rock Island reservoir Aglen Heckman of Hock Island and Rob ert Raiche of Davenport died shortly after the blast The Weather NAZIS BLAMED BY POLES FOR VIOLENCE ACTS War Press Brands as Lies Charges by Hitler of Terrorism WARSAW blamed Germans for a new series of sub versive acts in this warthreat ened country Tuesday while the press unanimously branded as Lies Adolf Hitlers declarations that his countrymen are the vic time of terrorism in Poland Seven persons were reported killed in an explosion which wrecked the railroad station at Tarnow in southern Poland Po lice arrested two Germans Herbert Frendel B r c s 1 a Germany university student was arrested at Katowice after allegedly confessing he left three bags containing bombs in a room at Biala Silesia which later exploded Warsaws morning newspapers devoted front pages to statements and editorial comments charging Germanys allegations of mistreat ment Germans in Poland mere ly were attempts to stir up hatred of Poland among the German people and to justify German ag gression Wiihsea trafficout ofGdynia Polands only seaport iniperiler and communication with othe ports cut off by a German block ade of railways linking Polan with the outside world througl transportation was at a virtua standstill The only rail lines still open were through Baltic countries soviet Russia Rumania and Hun gary requiring extremely long and roundabout routings Airplane service continuedfrom Warsaw to Copenhagen and War saw to Budapest with bookings s heavy the service had bee doubled in both directions With trade between the Unitei States and Poland momentaril paralyzed T O Klath Sioux City Iowa and Jules Smith For Worth Texas of the United State commercial attaches office planned to leave Tuesday for Tal linn Estonia to await develop ments Trench digging went on wit hundreds of new volunteers turn ing up with spades and shovels Attache Is Brother of Local Resident Thormod A Klath who left To land for Estonia in conncctio with the war crisis is a brotne of Carl Klath 1005 West Stat street and visited in Mason Cit last April Mr Klath has bee associated with American ernbas sies for the past 20 years bavin been stationed at Copenhager Warsaw Stockholm and in Wash ington FORECAST IOWA Increasing cloudiness scattered showers Wednesday and in extreme west portion Tuesday nisht warmer in west and central portions Tuesday nighl cooler Wednesday MINNESOTA Increasing cloudiness scattered showers Wednesday and in west portion Tuesday night warmer in west and northcentral portions Tues day night cooler Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Monday 83 Minimum Monday night 54 At 8 a m Tuesday 73 YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 59 LOOK FOR INSIDE M KNUDSON Mason Cityan Mentioned for State Senate Race PAGE 2 College Stars Ready to Meet Grid Champs PAGE 11 Worth County Fair Opens at Northwood PAGE 17 SIMIPETC MARTIAL LAW German Courts Will Try Cases Food Must Be Given Nazi Troops BRATISLAVA Slovakia German martial law was pro claimed in nominally independent Slovakia Tuesday by Premier Jo sef Tiso Notices signed by the premier appeared on public streets stat ing All difficulties between Slovak citizens and German troops are to be tried in German military courts Slovaks must furnish the food supply of the German army here to protect our young state against the threatening Polish danger Slovak stores must accept Ger man currency from soldiers at the rate oE one mark for 10 Slovak crowns Hitler Gives Britain Reply as Optimism Gains in Berlin Circles for Negotiations Italian Ambassador Visits German Fuehrer Soon After Henderson Departs BERLIN Hitler Tuesday night handed to the British ambassador SiiNevile Henderson the German answer to the British statement of its position toward ne gotiation of the GermanPolish crisis The British statement was in reply to a preliminary note from Hitler stating his demands upon Poland which were said to include return to Ger many of Danzig and the Pol ish corridor Hitler received the British am bassador at p m p m C S T in his study at the chan cellery Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Dr Paul Schmidt as interpreter also were present Sir Nevile remained at the chancellery 25 minutes It was reported that Hitler in addition to handing the ambassa dor the formal note made some oral comment Immediately after Henderson left the chancellery Bernardo At tolico Italian ambassador to Ger many visited Hitler They conferred about five min utes Optimism spread through Berlin Tuesday afternoon after entirely unofficial and unverified reports were heard that the British were c onsider conciliatory and f arreacKingr solutions of both the PolishGerman issue and European problems generally Purported specific details of these reports drew strenuous de nials from the London foreign office Official quarters merely said Watch the British parliament All we can say now is that a tre mendous last minute effort is be ing made on either side to keep the peace Earlier the airplane of HID Brit ish ambassador had flown to Lon ADOLF HITLER Liner Heads for U S With 1000 Aboard LE HAVRE France The French liner Champlain left Le Havre for New York Tuesday car rying more than 1000 passengers most of whom were Americans don bearing a member the Britisli foreign office staff who came here Monday night with Sir Nevjle The ambassador himself remained in Berlin The note from the British gov ernment which Sir Nevile brought with him Monday night from Lon don was reported to be such that negotiations between London and Berlin might continue Hitler during his conversa tion of one hour and twenty minutes Monday night gave the British ambassador an oral in dication of what his answer would be Sir Nevile telephoned to London soon after leaving hc chancellery f Those circles in Germany which clung to an optimistic view laid greatest stress upon British Prime Minister Chamberlains assertion in the house commons that the British government would hope that if an equitable settlement of PolishGerman differences could be reached by free negotiation ttStltHisI agreement which would accrue to the last benefit for Europe and the world at large That exclaimed one commen tator with close government con nections is at last getting down to fundamentals If out of it all will come a general European set tlement then perhaps this whole terrible situation we are all going through has been worth while While il was emphasized that Germany had her military ma chine geared for instant action there was a general belief that the hour when an ultimatum might be delivered with the best psy chological effect had passed Thus many responsible nazis believed there was hope follow ing British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlains speech in parlia ment Tuesday afternoon that ne gotiations would not be suddenly broken off No Transfer Required for Refund of Taxes DES MOINES Fred Porter state comptroller pre dicted the state would be able to meet its SCoafl000 homestead tax refund obligations for the last half of 1939 without transferring any money from the stale general fund The stale now has about S5 600000 in the homestead fund and anticipated receipts are expected to reach at least more before the payment must be made Sept 25 Junior High School Tuesday But Not in These Buildings Wallace Establishes Chicago Milk Control WASHINGTON Wallace issued an order Tuesday establishing federal control of the sale of milk in the Chicago mar keting area Under a marketing program to begin Sept 1 the agriculture department will establish mini mum prices which distributors and handlers must pay producers MORE SCHOOL NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES Classes start in all Mason Citys schools next Tuesday but the junior high school classes to be organized will not be able to move into their prospective new homes In the Monroe building top the old portion at the left will hold some of the lower srades and pos sibly a few junior hish school classes but the new portion built during the summer is not quite ready yet The same is true of the new Roosevelt junior high school officially named Monday by the school board Although the classroom portion of the building already has been roofed in architects advised the school board that it would not be Rood construction practice to complete the interior immedi ately Plaster trim and floors must have time to dry they explained The auditonumsjmnasium portion at the rirht still lacks a roof and the steel trusses which will support it can be seen still uncovered Lock photos Kayenay engraving CHAMBERLAINS SUPPORT GETS HOUSE CHEERS Prime Minister Says Issue of Peace or War Still Undecided LONDON Minister Chamberlain told a tense but cheering house of commons Tuesday that Great Britain again had made plain to Adolf Hitler its determina tion to fulfill its obligations to Poland and added that the issue of peace or war is still undecided We shall hold fast the line which we have laid down he declared as the house echoed with tremen dous cheering We still will hope and still work for peace he went on solemnly in a speech of only 16 minutes dura tion We will abate no jotof our resolution to hold fast to the lines we have laid down for ourselves He also announced the now ready to sition in the event war After hearingChamber lains statement and speeches in which opposi tion leaders approved the policy of standing unitedly with Poland against attack the house adjourned at p m a m C S T to meet again next Tues day Sept 5 or earlier if necessary Without disclosing the de tails of the exchange Cham berlain declared Great Britain had delivered our final an swer to a communication from Hitler that we have made plain that our obliga tions to Poland will be carried out and that at this mo ment the position is that we are awaiting Hitlers reply The prime minister spoke in a firm and assured voice At times it was almost buoyant such as when he said at any rate we have not had to begin here by issuing ration obvious refer ence to Germany The cheering coming from nil sides of the house gave evidence of the political unity behind his policy ot firmness Chamberlain began by telling the house that I cannot say that the danger of war has receded since the house met last Thurs day Cheers greeted his declaration that there has been no change in the policy the government which has been to stand firmly by Poland in the event of aggression It is more than necessary to urge ihe press to exercise the ut most restraint Chamberlain said An alleged verbatim quota tion of the British note to Adolf Hitler published Tuesday Chamberlain said Is an inven tion from beginning to end Our final answer Chamber Iain said was handed to Hitler Monday night by Ambassador Sir Nevile Henderson He indicated there would be no immediate publication of the mo mentous diplomatic exchange on which the peace of Europe appar ently depends We have made it plain that our obligations to Poland will be car ried out he said in measured tones A roar of approval rose from tho house At this moment the position is that we arcawaiting Hitlers re ply he continued V Relating briefly a part of the diplomatic maneuvers on which the eyes of the world have been anxiously centered Chamberlain said On Friday the day after the house adjourned we received in l formation that Hitler had asked ;