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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION m 1 V 1 v i I MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE iiiim THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS E H H J No VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 28 1950 This Paper Consists of Two Ont One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Shall We Abandon United Nations FIVE years ago the United Na tions was born in an atmos phere of high hope at San Fran cisco The 50some participating nations affixed their signatures to a charter which was intended to banish war as a determiner of in ternational quarrels UN was t lead us into an era of lasting peace We had just come through his iorys worst war Millions had been killed more millions had been wounded Memory of the atomic bomb was fresh in our minds as the first general assem bly of UN convened It was rea soned that no person in his right mind say nothing of a nation would consent to another war Thats what all of us thought And how wrong all of us were And our greatest mistake made itself manifest at that very first meeting of the United Nations aft er San Francisco The meaning not changed its spots Moscow Didnt Want Peace Moscow we discovered consid ered itself bound not by the pledges it had made in signing the UN charter but by the credo of communism That credo says the world must be swallowed by com munism That credo says there is no such thing as treachery or de they are performed for the advancement of communism Our greatest mistake therefore lay in assuming that the Russian dictatorship as distinguished from the Russian people was honest and sincere in its professions of a desire for a world at peace Tragically clear it is then that the United Nations has not ac complished the one thing it was set up to do It has not prevented war it has not kept the world at peace it has not made it possible for the nations of the world to beat their swords into plough shares 3 Possible Courses So what do we do about it A MacArthur Ordered by President to Withdraw Statement on Formosa Would Avoid Confusion on U S Attitude 6000 Hear Father Keller in Holy Name Rally at Stadium Mason Citys Roosevelt stadium became a lighted mass of candles Sunday night in a ceremony in which members of the Holy Name Society of the Dubuque Diocese participated the first such gather ing of its kind in the city There were more than 6000 persons at the rally of Catholic men includ ing many women spectators The huge throng filled the stands long before the opening processional and almost 3000 per sons were standing on the track and football field for the event which brought bus and train loads of persons from Dubuque Cedar Rapids Waterloo and other points of the diocese which covers north east Iowa Featured speaker was Father James Keller founder of the Christopher movement who called upon Christians every where to make renewed effort for the way of Christ Procession Fills Track Msgr Patrick F Malone pastor of St Josephs church and dean of the district gave the welcome bearers major truths will drive out evil design in Warren Austin Also Gets Letter Giving Official Position Washington The white house said Monday that President Truman directed Gen Douglas MacArthur to withdraw a state ment on Formosa to avoid con fusion as to the United States po sition MacArthur had sent a statement of his views saying Formosa must remain in friendly to the Veterans of Foreign Wars encampment at Chicago Later he said he had been directed to with draw the statement Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross confirmed Monday what had been Mr Tru man himself ordered the with drawal Ross told reporters In order to avoid confusion as to the U S position with respect from the church and Mayor How to Formosa the president directed ard E Bruce welcomed the group that the statement prepared by for the city Mayor Bruce noted General MacArthur on this subject that spiritual gams in the world have not kept pace with material strides He complimented the Holy Name Society for its aims and ob Asked whether MacArthur jectives and said he was thrilled might be relieved of his command at the sight of tne iarge gather as a result of the incident Ross said the incident is closed Simultaneously with the an nouncement of Mr Trumans ac tion the white house released a letter from the president to War movement which he founded 1945 Father Keller said the group has a do something and nothing motto rather than paying dues and doing nothin dea The movement will be lea Senate tured soon in many movie shorts with Hollywood stars taking lead parts he stated Describini t li e Solons Pass Billion Bill Provides Nearly Billion as Part of War Fund Washington The senate passed Monday a single package appropriation bill to operate the government for the year ending June 30 It goes back to the house for concurrence in one amendment The bill provides 314680000 000 in regular military funds In addition the senate will act later this week on a house approved bill to provide Christopher 1new equipment for the Korean Reds Drive Back UN on Right Wing war Included was a in Mondays measure be was a direction that be 1 loaned to Spain President Tru 1 3 publicly opposed this passage w a s by voice man has loan the The huge appropriations meas me carried in funds Fortunately we have to man for miitary assistance for anti ufacture nothing our is communist countries It also pro made in heaven Father Keller vided in Marshal said All we have to do is to plan funds and a func become distributors to help renew to provide technical assistance to the face of the earth 2 Killed in Highway Crash at Iowa Falls Iowa Falls persons 10000000 Counterblow Back Washington P President Truman Monday signed the re vised social security bill adding ipproximately 10000000 persons to the old age pension rolls The white house indicated there would be a statement later Mr strong Truman has objections to expressed 1 part of be withdrawn Incident Is Closed ing Alter Father Kellers address the Holy Name pledge was admin istered and the procession of began Lights of stadium were turned off considerable are open We could number of courses of course abandon UN and announce to the world that we had decided to go it alone in isolation We could struggle along with UN in its present form hoping that Russia would ultimately see the light and reform her ways Or we could enter a world or one ve have or another to be the freedomloving nations of the world and WITHOUT Russia This lastnamed plan going ahead without the pro cedure I favor It happens to be the plan suggested earlier thi year by Herbert Hoover who is a intelligently worldminded as any living person in my opinion Isolationism Is Out Im against the idea of isola tion implicit in the first alter native mentioned here It worked when America was a weak and obscure nation but it wouldn t work now Thats clear beyond argument World leadership has been thrust upon us it isnt some thing we can escape or renounce The objections to trying to struggle along with the UN in its present form are numerous and inescapable Most important of these is that the plan lends itself to Russias use in keeping the world stirred up more than it does to ours in trying to promote peace among the nation Except for a temporary mental lapse on the part of Russia we couldnt today be offering a United Nations resistance to the communist invasion of South Ko rea Remember how it was Ivan Pulled a Boner In protest against the refusal of ren Austin U S representative in Headquaiter company of the lo ne United Nations This restated cal national guard commanded by he United States position with c t Biu gkluzacek led the or reference to Formosa so that there der They followed by Boy Scouts of troop 10 Mason City Cross bearers acolytes and altar hat Formosa must be neutralized boys Monsignors fathers Holy men and 4th degree Knights fore noon Monday in the collision of a car and a truck near here In vestigating officers said the vic tims were Ed Holly 65 and Mrs F R Turner about 75 both of Cherokee Mrs Turners husband 78 was hospitalized with injuries The accident occurred about a mile north of Iowa Falls on high way No 6520 when a car driven by Holly and a truck driven by Walter Schwartz of Radcliffe col lided Holly the worlds backward areas The senate appropriations com mittee in a closed door meeting agreed to name a subcommittee to take over the work of the senate house watchdog committee on foreign economic cooperation The joint watch dog group headed by Senator McCarran D will go out of existence Sept 1 The 316000000000 supple mental bill calls for 5333 new and other weapons of war the measure as it went through congress That is a provision limit ing the power of the secretary of labor to cut off unemployment in surance funds from states whose systems he holds do not conform to federal standards The millions of additional work ers will come under the old age benefit program and begin paying payroll Persons taxes now next January 1 retired will start getting bigger checks a few weeks hence in October The new law also more than doubles payroll taxes over the next 20 years to help pay for the larger benefits The payroll taxes will increase from 000 this year to about 000 in 1970 be no misunderstanding Mr Trumans stated policy was killed outright and so far as the Korean war is con cerned but this country will make Columbus in full dress from no commitment other than to filled the quarter mile block any invasion attempt during track the current crisis ate on Godless Have Slogan The Most Rev Leo Binz co Truman sent ladjutor ofthe diocese aie On Ulc lend IYII LJ union 3in ij to Austin but a white house au monsignon participated m and 15 the thority told reporters ceremony Following a dinner at Mrs Turner died enroute to the hospital Hollys car bore Cali fornia license plates according to patrolmen Schwartz was treated at the hos pital and then released Six persons died as a result of traffic accidents in Iowa over the weekend The dead included Leonard Sternhagen of near Ep worth and James Kremer of near Cascade both about 25 They were killed when the car in which they were riding went off highway 20 a mile east of Dyersville Saturday night Clayton Knutson there can be only 1 voice in stating the position of the United j gymnasium to dress in cassock Ute He died when 23 his of near car left Railroads on Time Under Army Control Washington nations railroads maintained ontime op erations Monday under the armys the labor dispute vhich had threatened to halt the trains was still unsettled The army took over the rail system at 3 p m Sunday This was on orders from President Truman who last Friday ordered the railroad industry seized by he government to avert a nation vide strike A half hour after Mr Truman rdered seizure the 2 strike hreatening unions called off their valkout scheduled for Monday The labor Brother hood of Railroad Trainmen and Order of Railway said their 300000 members will nro States This is regarded as being and surplice for the opening pio is talk Father Keller noted We may have peace by hold ing a Pacific island defense line lose it and war is inevitable according to the U N commander MacArthur gave great military importance to Formosa last major stronghold of Chinese nationalist forces in a cabled message to the Veterans of Foreign Wars Island Is Dominant The commander in chief of the United Nations forces fighting in Korea described a naural de fense line of islands in the Pa cific From this line MacArthur said we can dominate with air power every Asiatic port from Vladivostock to Singapore He indicated Formosa was key spot in this defense line and said historically Formosa has been used as a springboard for military aggression directec against areas to the south Mac Arthur said Formosa if held by the enemy could be comparec to an unsinkable aircraft carrie and submarine tender ideally lo Godless are exceedingly anxious bout the rest of mankind They lave a slogan a world to win ne speaker cautioned While citing the disciples of ommunism as a most active men ce Father Keller said The rend in our country is much the ame as it was in Germany about the road a mile east of Little Sioux late Saturday night Marvin Monagon 30 of Winter set killed in the headon crash of 2 cars on highway 92 a mile and a half west of Bevington Saturday night Charles R Barns 73 Des Were letting the over Our present 20 years ago Godless take mess is due much more to what good citizens are not doing rathen than to the inroads of subvers ives I Vital One Per Cent Father Keller noted that about one per cent of the people of the world are actively wrecking civil ization in such vital spheres as education government labor management and writing He stated that if one per cent of the normal citizens of American can be found who are willing to get into the mainstream of American Moines He died Saturday of injur ies suffered in an auto acciden near Indianola last Thursday Mrs C D Hopkins Indepen dence She was injured fatally ii a 2 car collision near Indepen dence Saturday In addition 28 persons were in jured in traffic mishaps An Iowa man Chris De Grott of George was killed Sunday in the collision of 2 cars at a blind highway intersection near Lu verne Minn A Brandon S Dak woman Mrs Ray Knudson 51 also was killed stay on their jobs for the gov ernment So the actual taking over of the railroads by the army was a Names U S Employes as Communists Washington Lee Pressman testified Monday that John Abt Nathan Witt and Charles Kramer were fellow com munists with him when all were new deal employes in the early 30s The 44yearold attorney for mer lawyer in federal agencies and later general counsel for the CIO denied that Alger Hiss was a member of the communist cell while Pressman was in it Pressman gave the names to the house un American activities committee although he said it was offensive for him to have to do so Hetestified he gave up his own communist connection after 1 year Like Pressman Abt was a law yer in the agricultural adjust ment administration who later held other government jobs and then became active in Henry Wal laces 3rd party campaign in 1948 CHUCK HILTON International Speech Test Won by Hilton A Mason Cityan is the interna tional speech champion for the 2nd time in the last 4 years Chuck Hilton KGLO news director was awarded first place in the final contest of Toastmasters Interna tional at Spokane Wash Satur day night over 5 other contestants Second in the contest was Ralph Nolgren of Salem Ore while W C Patten of Albuquerque N Mex was 3rd Others were en tered from Marion Ind Enid Okla and Santa Barbara Cal More than 1000 Toastmasters were registered for their interna tional convention and 1300 heard the finals of the speech contest in Spokanes Shrine auditorium International winner in 1947 was Douglas Sherwin Clear Lake also representing the Mason City Toastmasters club Hiltons speech was titled Chal lenge of Limitation It pointed out that everyone has a handicap or limitation of some kind and that only by overcoming that limitation Near Pohang Reds Hold Kigye Fighting Also Is Heavy at Waegwan By RELMAN MORIN Tokyo fP The Korean reds drove back the right wing of the allied defense line on Koreas east coast Monday then lost some of their gains to a South Korean counterpush But they were maintaining strong pressure on the Pohang sector Monday night In a dispatch filed at midnight Monday from Pohang AP Cor respondent Tom Lambert said that after having lost considerable ground mileage undisclosed the South Koreans edged back north ward late Monday in an attempt to lift the sagging defense line They had American air artillery and naval gunfire support Lambert said the South Koreans had reached the southern edge of a broad valley leading toward Ki gye 10 miles northwest of Po hang but the reds still held Kigye and were reported making new aggressive moves after dark Mon day Whole Front Aflame U S pilots said the whole northern front east and west from the Naktong river to the east aflame The most severe fighting was before Pohang on the Sea of Ja pan east coast and 22 miles north of Taegu near the redheld village of Uihung Red infiltrators were seen be hind South Korean lines north of rather troops perfunctory boarded manned depots affair No locomotives or About 50 uni formed army officers assumed a general sort of supervision under Karl R Bencletsen assistant army secretary The presidents of 7 major rail roads were put in charge of rail operations in various sections of the nation with the rank of army colonels About the only differ ence under seizure the public could notice was placards telling of army operation were posted in major railroad stations Witt also worked for the AAA and later became an official of the national labor relations board Kramers position in the agricul ture department was not brought out can the individual achieve suc ONAWA PIONEER DIES Onawa services will be held Wednesday afternoon for Orville L McNeill 79 mem ber of a pioneer family and a former member of the Monona county board of supervisors who died in an Onawa hospital Sun SAME Black Has means traffic death in hours Oppose Boosting of Rates by Gas Firm Washington than a dozen Northern Natural Gas com pany customers in Nebraska Iowa and Minnesota Monday opposed the Omaha concerns proposed new rate increases Spokesman for some of the companys wholesale consumers told a federal power commission examiner that the proposed hikes were unjust unreasonable and discriminatory P L Farnand representing the Minneapolis Gas company made this comment He asked that Northerns proposals be dismissed Examiner Sam Jensen said the mo tion would be referred to the corn cess In that way also he said can the handicap of the world be over come because the mass of human ity can only be changed by chang ing the individuals who make up that mass Hilton won local area district and zone contests before reaching the international finals The zone contest held at Moorehead Minn included contestants from the north central states and 2 Canad ian provinces The 6 finalists represented the top speakers from among 25000 Toastmasters in 864 clubs in the United States Canada Scotland Hawaii and South Africa The reds were miles out or Pohang AP Correspondent Hal Boyle at Pohang 65 miles north of the main allied port of Pusan re ported a U S cruiser and 3 des troyers joined land artillery in pounding the advancing reds But the North Koreans advanced in the teeth of the fire Is No 2 Port The reds won Pohang earlier this month in a surprise attack They lost it a few days later to counter attacking allied troops The United Nations troops drove hem 9 miles north from whence they sprang back to the offensive that has carried them to the gates of the No 2 east coast port in UN to admit communist China as a substitute for nationalist China in the UN list of member nations the Russians earlier this year stomped out of the security coun cil And what a bonehead play that proved to be Because there was no Russian spokesman on hand to utter a negative a single vote would have done the the council was able to order ac tion against an aggressor nation Its by that quirk of circumstance that the UN flag is flying over a beachhead in South Korea today But we cant expect the Rus sians to be that stupid twice From now long as they can ob struct progress among peacelov ing members of UN Comrade Malik or somebody else with an equally loud voice will be on hand with a negative vote Veto Is Made for Russia i What this means of course is that so long as the veto byTa single nation remains a part of UN pro cedure in the security council the chances of promoting the peace ideal are nil Theres no point whatever in kidding ourselves on this allimportant point Does this sound as if I am over eritical of United Nations It may Sut I hope not Actually I have and am a supporter of the organization I feel Continued on Pase 2 and AT HOLY NAME RALLY IN MASON scene shows the altar at the rally of Holy Name Societies of the Dubuque Diocese held at Roosc velt stadium Smdpy night More than 6000 persons packed the concrete stand aid lined the fSotball field for the event first of its kml ever GlobeGazette photo by Muster held here There were some 100 robed priests taking part and a candle light procession took place around the cinder track Featured speaker was lieht procession Father James Keller famed founder of the Christopher movement Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy Monday night with light rain Becoming part ly cloudy and turning a little cooler Tuesday Low Monday night 55 High Tuesday 70 Iowa Considerable cloudiness through Tuesday Occasional showers or thundershowers but mostly in extreme east portion Not much change in tempera ture Low Monday night 50 to 55 northwest near 65 southeast High Tuesday 74 to 78 north west near 80 southeast Mostly west to northwest winds 1015 MPH Tuesday Further Outlook Partly cloudy Wednesday and Thursday with showers likely to develop again Thursday Minnesota Partly cloudy through Tuesday except for showers in extreme southeast Monday night and Tuesday Cooler northwest portion Tuesday Low Monday night 50 northwest 55 60 southeast High Tuesday lower 70s IN MASON CITY GlobeGazetle weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Aug 28 Maximum 68 Minimum 59 At 8am 61 Precipitation 03 YEAR AGO Maximum 76 Minimum 48 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 71 Minimum 4 At 8 a m 63 YEAR AGO Maximum 93 Minimum 65 m South Korea Correspondent Boyle reported U S infantry powerfully sup ported by armor moved into posi tion to backstop the South Ko reans trying to hold Pohang U S 5th air force pilot observ ers reported heavy fighting from Waegwan 12 miles northwest of Taegu all the way to the east coast airline miles The pilots said the red drive was going strong Reds Use 40000 The South Koreans fought stub bornly but they were forced back by superior numbers The reds had thrown into the battle 40000 of the 64000 troops they have pressing against the front which is anchored on the south coast west of Masan port 27 airline miles west of Pusan In a message urging the South Koreans to hold Lt Gen Walton H Walker U S 8th army com mander said It is my belief the overex tended enemy is making his last gasp Tear him apart now so that our road to victory will be that much surer and quicker Earlier Monday General Walker expressed concern over optimism shown by some frontline troops and officers He warned against it before taking off on an air tour of the Korean front Thought Drive Held Before the late Monday air and field reports were received the 8th army in Korea and General MacArthurs headquarters in Tok yo had reported the red drive con tained At the Pohang airstrip 6 miles below the No 2 South Korean east coast port Correspondent Boyle said American officers were op timistic about the possibility of stopping the communist assault Boyles report tallied with air force information that one of the roads south of Kigye mountain town 9 miles northwest of Pohang had been brought under mortar fire Kigye has changed hands several times in the fighting The AP correspondent said it appeared from the air that com munist shells were reaching toward the PohangAngang route an east west artery The route was still being used Monday night by the allies to feed supplies into Taegu 45 miles to the west The battle north of Taegu was being waged over a narrow front through the mountains The North Koreans kept pres sure on American held sectors of ;