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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OEMRTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES KOINE 3 I A VOL U THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Frees Full Leased Wins Cents Copy MASON crnr IQVA TUESDAY AUGUST 281945 ThU Paper Consists ot Two One NO 277 OCCUPATION UNDER WAY U S Ready to Help in China Peace Washington UPJ The United States was prepared Tuesday to use all of its diplomatic influence o help Generalissimo Chiang Kai shek and the Chinese communists reach a working arrangement American officials concede that the stakes are high In the forth coming conference between Chiang and Communist Leader Mao Tze Tung a conference in which U S Ambassador Patrick J Hurley is expected to play an important part Failure of Chiang and Mao to BLACKMARKETS CRUMBLE WITH GOODS RETURN New Auto and Plenty of Chickens Cause Illegal Prices to Go RECONVERSION AT A GLANCE Black markets crumbling with scarce goods coming back Two million jobs lost since Ja pan folded V S E S says Washington markets were crumbling into thin air Tuesday because more peacetime goods were coming up fast Black markets prices used cars new cars chickens toys and men wanting were big subjects for Americans exactly 2 weeks after Japan threw in the sponge Reputable dealers in used xcars and chickens said black markets in those fields are starting to dis appear Thats because new autos are on the way and there will be plenty of chickens for your dinner table very soon Government officials added that black markets in food are dwind ling and will fall away in all fields as shortages ease up be cause If a person can buy the things he honest stores at reasonable isnt tempted to pay some chiselor more than the legal price ceiling On goods in an army of retailers invaded Washington to protest that the OPA is trying to hold their prices below what they can stand From all indications the OPA reply was to be a flat no As the retail1 spokesmen me with OPA officials the issue was TheOPA has rated that prices on new produced in be at or near 1942 levels In man instances the OPA is allowing manufacturers to charge more because their produc tion costs have eone up But re tailers and wholesalers are sup posed to absorb these increases o the public wont suffer Some more development in the lations ponderous progress from war to peace will be plenty for fchristmas but most of them will kJe the xvarlime kind that were in She stores last year Government and industry sources pre P1 ted only the barest hsndful of cycles and metal wagons Men not C luin head of the U S em J loyment service said nearly 2 00000 war workers have lost icir jobssince Japan surrendered Civilian chickeneaters could joice Tuesday because Poultry raisers of nine leading j licken states were told they no nger need to set aside their lickens for the military As a result an agriculture de triment spokesman said plenty chickens for American dinner tables will be available very i soon And he meant plenty A leading poultry firm said all indi cations point to a surplus in the near future Meantime trie dropping of war time controls continued The agriculture department lifted itsrestrictions on the pro duction and sale of citrus fresh and canned But price ceilings remain The WFB began allowing firms to stock up on certain materials They canpile up such things as aluminum cork sand gravel and pipe fittings because those things s arent scarce now But strict con trols will be kept on building up stocks on scarce pre vent a scramble for them which might result in soaring prices Two more government depart and went on the 40hour week and the war department plans to fol low suit Sept 9 reach a satisfactory agreement may mean years of chaos in China in the opinion of many far eastern experts Some fear failure may even mean an immediate civil war The circumstances are more favorable for such a conference than in any of the many previous attempts to patch things up be tween the Chungking government and the communists because 1 China has just come to the end of a war against Japanese ag gression which started back in 1931 2 Weary of war both the com munists and the supporters of Chiang are anxious to begin the vast job of reconstruction 3 The other world powers have given China a place in their high councils on a par with them in the new world organization To keep that place and make it more than a courtesy seat China mns avoid civil war 4 The Chungking governmen has just concluded a series of im portant agreements and a treaty of friendship with the soviet union a move which strengthens Chiangs hands against the Chi nese communists This may make the communists more susceptible willing to offer substantial con cessions The diplomatic influence the United States will use to help bring about a settlement of in ternal Chinese problems will be the persuasive type American officials have and will continue to try to impress upon both Chinese factions the urgent need for peace in the orient American officials are expected to point out to both Chinese fac tions that a bloody struggle for power would play into the hands of their former enemy Japan Civil war would make it impos sible for the allies to concentrate fully upon the control and di rection of Japan Chiangs government is ex pected to be urged to include rep resentatives of more Chinese ele ments and to begin to take nec essary steps for an eventual popu larlyelected government WOMAN INJURED IN STOVE BLAST Osage Woman Severely Burned in Explosion Merrill Kelley was taken to a Mason City hospital Monday evening with severe burns suffered in an explosion of an artificial gas heater in her home about 8 p m She was stil unconscious when she reached the hospital and her condition was pronounced serious Mrs Kelley had gone to the basement to light the heater ant the explosion occurred when she Butter Due for 4 Point Cut Sept 2 Washington will be reduced from 16 to 12 red points a pound beginning Sept 2 OPA officials revealed Tuesday The redaction is being made they said because of improve ment in supplies This will make the red point value of butter only half of what it was until midJuly when it was reduced from 24 to 16 points a pound The reduction in point value will apply to institutional veil as home users users NAVY RELEASES 2839000 TO CIVILIAN LIFE Point System for Discharge Will Be Altered for Sailors Washington navy set out Tuesday to return 2839000 men and women to civilian status within a year And on Capitol Hill plans for making life in the armed services more attractive sprouted right and left featuring suggestions of more pay and shorter terms of service Secretary Forrestal outlined the navys vastly expanded demobil ization plans to newsmen late Monday Previously the sea arm contemplated discharging between 1500000 and 2500000 within a year or 18 months Now however the plan is to cul back navy strength to 500000 en listed personnel and 50000 offi cers in the next 12 months Thai will mean the discharge of aboui 2575000 men and women anc 264000 officers Forrestal also reported that the navys point system for discharge will be altered to allow credit for overseas service This credit the secretary said will be includec in the discharge formula within about 2 months without any re duction in the present scores nec essary for discharge or any de crease in the credit now for age service or dependency Similar overseas credit is pro vided in the army and marim discharge systems but was omitted from the navys origina plan because Forrestal said nee essary records were not available The navy considers Eeadutya overseas service Navy discharge scores now ar 44 for enlisted navy men 43 fo officers 29 for enlisted WAVES and 35 for WAVE Credi is given on the basis oC io poin for each year of age Vi point fo service since Sept 1 1939 and 1 points for dependency rcgardles of the number of dependents Coupled with the overseas credit revision Forrestal said the point scores will be lowered as rapidly as conditions permit to re lease additional men The more pay and shorter serv ice terms proposals heard on Cap itol Hill represented the reaction to President Trumans recommen dation that selective service be continued with a 2year term for inductees Mr Truman said Monday he wished it were possible for him to recommend an immediate halt to the draft but that he could not do so He added that volunteers alone would not suffice But most congressmen disagreed with this Generally they said they believed an adequate number ol men would enlist if 1 Enough special Inducements are offered 2 A strenuous recruiting drive is carried out The congressmen were almost unanimous too in continuing their demands for an immediate halt to drafting o teenage youths The president recommended that the draft agtbe continued at 18 through 25 Several of the lawmakers how ever applauded Mr Trumans suggestion for legislative action to encourage volunteers and to lift legal bans on the armys 280000 limit for enlistments struck a match It someone had turned ff Kumagaya Kawag O Hachioji i Sagarrii R ATSUGI YOKOHAMA Yokosuka is believec on the gas sometime before she entered the basement The force of the explnsion was so great that it caused part of the siding on the upstairs porch to become loosened With her clothing aflame she ran to the porch screaming for help then fell unconscious A neighbor Henry Bloss heard her cries and took her to a local hospital Later she was taken by ambulance to Mason City At the time of the accident a son Merrill Jr 5 was playing at the home of a neighbor and a daughter Marjory 3 was in the house Mrs Kelleys husband is serving overseas Hospital reports stated her burns were very severe on the arms legs thighs arid back Her recovery appeared doubtful 5 Die in Crash Sangcrfield N Y persons all members of one fam ily were killed and 5 others in jured early Tuesday when a Greyhound bus and an automobile collided at a highway intersec tion here Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly fair Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered light thunder showers likely Tuesday night Continued warm Tuesday Not quite so warm Wednesday aft ernoon Iowa Generally fair Tuesday partly cloudy Tuesday nigh and Wednesday Widely scat tered thundershowers Tuesday night and in south Wednesday forenoon Cooler Wednesday and in north Tuesday night Minnesota Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with a few scattered thundershowers mostly in south portiot Tuestiay night Tuesdaj night and in southeast and ex treme south portion Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 88 Minimum Monday 65 At 8 a m Tuesday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 53 52 33 5 o g a m i B Tafreyamahojo ay 0 30 Used Auto High Price Is Broken Washington JP The high price of used cars finallyhas pressure of the news that new cars soon will roll from Detroits assembly lines The drop is not great It aver ages around 525 a car But it is the first sag away from ceiling prices in 3 years And dealers say the decline will continue This disclosure came on the heels of OPAs announcement that 1945 cars will come into the showrooms at just about the same prices as ill 1942 OPA Administrator Chester Bowles said any general increase over 1942 ceilings was most un likely However each manufac turer is reckoning his own ceil ing under a formula laid down by OPA so some makes may go higher The slow but definite decline in used car prices will show up in the September 1 report ot the National Automobile Dealers as sociation now near issuance It will show that on July about the time that auto makers got their but 4 of the 33 different 1942 sedans were selling in the cast for just as much as OPAs ceiling would al low AIRBORNE ARMY LANDS AS FLEET MOVESINTOBAY Rejoicing Tempered as 20 Are Killed in Takeoff on Okinawa Manila fP American air borne first foreign conquerors ever to set foot on command of Tokyos Atsugi airfield Tuesday simul taneously with the careful but dramatic entry of the 3rd fleets special advance squadron into STATUTE MILES WHERE YANKS symbol and pointer locate Atsugi where first American occupation troops landed in Japan Monday night Ship symbol illustrates reported move ment of naval units into Tokyo bay from Sagami bay AP wirephoto map K A Engr Now the report discloses only 6 types of sedan are selling at the ceiling The others have dropped in price from to S53 And reputable dealers say the black market which flourished on some usedcar lots is cracking up In its heyday some expensive limousines brought to 500 above ceilings As for car owners who plan to trade in a recently purchasedused car for one of Detroits new prod must be prepared to take a low turnin value They take the depreciation which has been pretty much ignored in car trading for some time The newcar pricing principle announced by Bowles Monday wa received calmly by NADA offi cials They apparently were re conciled to OPAs general policy of holding ceilings on goods re stored to production to the 1942 price level Its not too far out ot line said one NADA official OPAs newcar rule tells each manufacturer to base his price on his 1941 production costs add increases in labor and material costs and finally add on a profit factor reflecting his 193039 profit margin If he made low profits in those years or lost money he can add instead onehalf the in dustrys average profit in that period If the manufacturer arrives at a price on his new car which is lower than his 1942 price for the comparable model he can charge upto the 1942 price If his new price turns out to be higher than 1943 he may charge the higher only after OPA ap proves Tokyo bay The first forces were small but the occupation of the enemys homeland1 was actually in pro gress after irritating delays caused by Japanese negotiations and foul weather Meanwhile 28 of Japans re maining 55 warships most of hem destroyers or submarines were found lined up for surren der in Kyushus western port of Sasebo Mitchell bomber pilots on reconnaissance flights from Okin awa sighted the vessels and said damaged carriers still under camouflage light cruisers de stroyers and destroyer escorts were all lined up in groups The sole task of the advance echelon at Atsugi was to prepare the way for the triumphal entry of General MacArthur supreme allied commander Thursday at the head of 7500 troops Joy of the first 150 communi cations experts who landed at 9 a m 7 p m Monday night cen tral war time in 3 ptanes at becoming transport the first Fleet Reaches End of Long Journey From Pearl Harbor Eyewitness Tells of 3rd Fleets Move Into Japs Front Yard Editors Note The following eyewitness dispatch is by Frank 11 Bartholomew United Press buildings of Yokohama he port of Tokyo glistening in the sun Ifght And beyond them but out of sight on the horizon lies Tokyo itself We traversed the 25 miles from Sagami bay Admiral vice president for the Pacific who j jiam F Halsey and the rej jjjc Is with the 3rd fleet to supervise I mainder of the occupation armada at coverage of the occupation of still waits impatiently without in cident I was an YokohamaSan Francisco run More recently he commanded a coastal pilot boat sunk recently by American planes while traveling back to the Yokosuka base We swung out of Sagami bay at a m and Lt Coimir Jo seph Bacon Fyfe of Wellesley Mass told the helmsman Now we are entering the minefield Keep directly astern the Diego Ten minutes later we turned and proceeded Japan By FRANK II BARTHOLOMEW United Press Staff Correspondent In Tokyo Bay S fleet has reached the end of the long journey from Pearl Harbor Nine American warships a cruiser 4 transports 3 seaplane tenders and a troop triumphantly anchored in Tokyo bay at p m p m C1VT Monday night Not far away lies the bomb shattered hulk of the battleship Nagato once the pride of the Japanese navy The wreckage of other warships of the enemy who thought he had won the war on Dec 7 1941 is scattered about hundred yards ahead oE us is the Lokosuka naval the Brooklyn navy yard of Japan Marines aboard this ship the transport Gosselin will occupy the base Thursday There is no activity there now Rubble of buildings hit by Ameri can bombs dots the area Great cranes jut over the roofs of build ings still standing Farther north we can see the the narrow channel anxious trick trip Rear Admiral Oscar C Badger commanded our advance force of ficially designated as task force 31 Besides his flagship the cruiser San Diego it comprised the destroyers Yarnall Twining Stockham and Wedderburn the seaplane tenders Gardiners Bay Suisin and transport Macanac and this We weighed anchor in Sagami bay at a m and started smartly down the bay under the shadow of towering Fuijyama to ward Uraga strait Our pilot Lt Maketo Tamaki 36 came aboard by breeches buoy from the San Diego Tamaki saluted us newsmen and said he was surprised at Japans around the long narrow point of Sagami peninsula and into the Uraga straits the narrow bottle neck entrance to Tokyo bay This have been the place there was to be Japanese hotheads might have made trouble But there was none On the cragged headlands at the entrance to the strait fluttered tiny white flags They marked the positions of the 116 major caliber Wainwright Returns From Prison Camp Chungking Gen Jona than M Waimvright 62yearold hero of the American and Filipino stand on Corregidor arrived here Tuesday from a Japanese prisoner of war camp in Manchuria Gei Wainmright had licen found safe and well by a parachute team of Americans at a Japanese prison camp deep in Manchuria earlier this month In addition hundreds of other American prisoners of war in cluding Maj Gen George M Park er Jr Portland Ore xvho served under Waimvright in the Philip pines were released Wainwright was a prisoner of the Japanese for 3 years and 3 months Corregidor was yielded May 6 1912 The parachute mercy teams which dropped near the camp troops to land in Japan was tempered by the announcement that 20 of their fellows hart been lulled in a takeoff on Okinawa The first group was followed within 3 hours by 38 more trans ports carrying combat troops gasoline oil and additional equip ment Two separate jobs confronted the advance group in preparing Atsugi for the general the setting up of communications with the Okinawa staging area and making as safe as possible the comparatively short runways Only 2 and 5100 are currently usable and none too long for the giant C54 skymasters and other troop trans ports Thursday when preparations are complete MacArthur will leave the Okinawa staging area for the formal entry into Japan About the time lie is landing at Atsugi his schedule calls for 10 000 marines and navy personnel to begin occupation of Yokosuka Japans 2nd largest naval base off which the advance units of the 3rd fleet anchored Tuesday However Al Dopking and Hamilton W Faron Associated Press correspondents with Ad miral Halseys fleet both reported the first forces would land at Yokosuka Wednesday At noon about 10 p m Mon day Centra War Rear Adm Oscar C Badger aboard his flagship the light antiaircraft cruiser San Diego steamed through Uraga Strait into Tokyo bay He led a small force of 10 ships plus minesweepers The de stroyertransport Gosselin carried marines to land on 3 small is lands guarding Yokosuka naval base to make certain they had been totally immobilized in con formance with Admiral Halseys instructions Other ships in Badg ers force included the destroy ers Wedderburn Twining Yar nall and Stockham and the sea plane tenders Suisun Mackinac and Gardiners Bay Badgers force with a Japanese harbor pilot aboard each ship carefully wended its way through mite wide Uraga Strait un til recently the most heavily mined stretch of water in the world A V S minesweeper swept up and destroyed one mine without dam 1 4U UIUJCIT neutralized that J was held and make this nrobablv thp motf Japanese prison camps in make this probably the most heav ily fortified harbor entrance the world Manchuria and northern China took food and medical supplies to the hundreds of allied prisoners surrender lie had though the empire was winning the war When we asked him what he thought about the U S fleet which the Japanese warlords claimed to have sunk he shrugged and said I dont care about war no more He formerly for 10 years was a merchant marine sailor on the Beside the guns we caught J Since his surrender to the Japa glimpses now and then of pill boxes But no humans were o be seen Perhaps they had gone un derground when they sighted our carrier planes on patrol overhead It was reported that one and perhaps 2 mines were swept up by 2 minesweepers that led our procession Then we were through the straits and Tokyo bay opened be fore us Pearl Harbor was avenged nese on Corregidor Wainwright had been variously reported at prison camps in Formosa and Man churia Gen Wainwright took command in the Philippines in March 1942 after Gen MacArthur had been ordered to Australia to become su preme allied commander in the southwest Pacific grc to any ships Twenty miles away around Miura peninsula in Sagami bay much of Admiral Halseys great 3rd fleet and about a score of British warships rode at anchor awaiting the signal to enter Tokvo bay for the Yokosuka landings Screening this great force the re mainder of Halseys fleet stood off Japan Eight U S and 2 British battle ships were among the force an chored within 2 miles off shore in Sagami bay 4 battleships and more than a score of aircraft car riers were among the warships cruising farther out While preparations for the in itial landings were still going on the Japanese began worrying and about future ones seeking Infor air which would be Buy jour Bonds aeeltlr btamps from your GlobeGazette mation from MacArthur an carrier boy I facilities ;