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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1944, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCH DES UOINES I A VtS NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS Full a Paper Cooeists oi 878 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE RGLO Mason City Sunday p KUHO Hannibal Tuesday p WSUI City Wednesday a m WOI Amei Friday p m KSCJ Sioux City Friday p KICD Spencer Friday p m A New League Is Taking Shape FEW things are as certain in the realm of future international affairs as that reliance for a last ing peace is going to be placed on a revived league of nations erected on the foundations of the old league and altercU with a view to avoiding some of the shortcomings which made that old organization impotent in dealing with the worlds gangster nations Italy and Japan Thats what the republican plat form calls for thats what the democratic platform calls for thats what both presidential nominees will be talking about in their campaign speeches thats what Joe Stalin and Winston Churchill have in mind Thats what were going to get unless ahead Id like something wholly unforeseen at to give you this time turns up to reverse the s o m e of my field dominant In the light of this universal de impressions ire its rather interesting to First of all peculate on the probable steps to I v e been le taken in converting the pres amazed by the nt somewhat nebulous pattern extent of the nto a finished product changing area which still L dream into a reality bears YANKS NEAR CHATEAUTHIERRY London Residents Refuse to Be Frightened by Buzzbombs Hall Says in First Dispatch By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor Letter No 1 London Air thats what I want it to is written from a hotel room in what has been and I presume still is the worlds greatest city In the 3 days since my arrival here mostly by air Ive visited many places which were familiar to me in either history or nursery rhymes Ive mingled with the crowds the blackouts which have been nightly for 5 years All in all Ive seen a good bit of London considering the short ness of the time And in this first of a series of letters which will appear with consider able regularity in the month sire its rather interesting to speculate on the probable steps to be taken in converting the pres ent somewhat nebulous pattern into a finished product changing a dream into a reality SO far as this country is con cerned irrespective of whos elected presidentsRoosevelt or going to be some careful harking back to 1D19 and 1920 when the league of nations brought back to the senate by Woodrow Wilson got all snarled up in partisan politics and failed of American approval But before we go into that lets take a brief glance at the league picture as its shaping up The machinery of the general m tional my guess eration is that it will be called league of going to be imme diately open to membership by any allied nation with provisions for entry later by the axis na tions as they Qualify of desolation The real business ot the league before however is going to be in the hands of a steering group to be known as the council This body at the start will consist of United States Britain and Russia Thats for sure China may be included if she shows the right qualifica tions Other nations Brazil France Turkey and perhaps some of the smaller have representation on this managing board on a rotating basis In effect of course this coun cil will constitute a triple alliance for the preservation of the worlds peace Theres danger in that course admittedly The alliance approach down through the cen turies never has proved effective a long period For every al liance there has always been born another and stronger alliance eventually Wars have been post n d alli ances but never ultimately averted Whether this particular alliance arrangement within the frame work of the world organization will prove fruitful depends to a considerable extent it seems to me on tbe attitude of the participating nations If such an alliance has any other purpose than preventing future win it is doomed to failure from the start I fear to prevent is the one and only bond among nations strong enough to tide them over the economic and political differences which inevi tably will arise We may just as well face this truth If theres a and haul for selfish gain the new league will prove no more HALL deep the blitzkrieg of 1940 only in point o been amazed by the manner in which the London ers have borne up under their nervewrack ing ordeal Im very sure Ive walked 11 miles this day My legs and fee tell me so In that whole dis tance I doubt that Ive seen dozen business blocks that do no bear some mark of the bombing from broken windows and mino pock marks to complete oblit Hitlers bombers were reall playing for keeps Make no mis take about that The area abou St Pauls cathedral in what known as Old London is a seen of desolation such as Ive neve How have the people of Lon don come through such an ex perience you ask And I think I can best answer that question by talking a bit about their reaction to those devilish creations known back home as robot bombs but almost universally referred to here as doodle bugs On the occasions when sirens wail and the pilotless planes drone overhead with a sound re markably i like that of a large NAZIS DECLARE REDS SMASHING NTO HUNGARY Russians 50 Miles From Bucharest Race Into Ploesti Oil Area BULLETIN London cavalry orces drove over the eastern Car pathian mountains through Tran ylvania and crossed the Hun garian border Monday a Berlin iroadcast admitted truck labjbring at the top of a long hill the average Londoners attitude with respect to himself is suggestive of a person in a severe electrical storm Somebody may get hit he reasons but Im quite sure it wont be me That understand is how this average Londoner feels about the doodle bug and his own chances of survival He refuses to scare He remembers the blitz of 4 years ago It was infinitely more terrifying But the average Londoners Moscow great Rus sian army groups paced by color ul Cossacks advanced within 50 miles of Bucharest Monday in a drive swiftly overrunning the wealthy Ploesti oil region An unconfirmed repor t said some columns had plunged also 50 miles into Transylvania The 16642 square mile north ern section of Transylvania was cutaway from Romania and awarded to Hungary by Hitler in the 1940 Vienna dictate There yetwere no reports of Hungar ians fight SDK alongside the Ger mans in that area The German communique said counterattacks by Hungarian and German troops to prevent the enemy from entering Hungary through the eastern Carpathians are making good headway Rus sian attacks at PiatraNeamt at the edge of Transylvania were reported foiled The Germans said the Russians continued their big attack between War saw and East Prussia in the re gion between the Vistula and Narew rivers and reached the NAZI SNIPERS PLAGUE firing from upper floors of buildings in the French capital were re sponsible for much of the action in the liberation of the city Upper photo shows French gendarmes and citizens taking cover behind automobiles as Yanks attempt to dis lodge nazis who fired on crowd News reel man has set up his apparatus to film the action In the lower picture a French nurse gives aid to a woman struck by a snipers bullet and who has fallen under a jeep Half of Germans in South France Knocked Out of War Rome than half all German soldiers garrisoning southern France prior to the allied landings are believed to have been killed wounded or captured effective than the one which failed IT is presumed that the council managing be in almost continuous session The general assembly to be partici pated in by all member nations is expected to meet not more than once or twice a year probably in Geneva It of course will be sub ject to call for crises in between regular meetings Ostensibly the power resident in the council will derive from the assembly but in the actual working out of things this coun cils authority will be based on the greatness and the power nf the 3 nations which hare contrib uted most to the winning of this war Tfes its going to be power politics ALONG with a revival of the league according to all indica tions there will be a revival oi the permanent court of interna tional justice set up at The Hague in 1922 under the auspices of the old league In the event the league is organized word being likely will be a breakdown of the world court into international circuit courts Such matters as boundary dis putes like the one which caused the Chaco war in South America Continued on Pate Z feeling toward the little man with a mustache who stands back of this fiendish nuisance is some thing else Not alone Hitler but the German people are inviting the unrestrained wrath of the English people and all others who hold London in affection I once thought maybe we could civilize the Germans said the doorman at my hotel one day after a bomb landed some 3 blocks away but not any more Theyre the superfiends not the superrace Thats how Londoners feel about their enemy in this war If at the peace table theyre just a little low in their stock of mercy its going to be understandable at least to those who have ob served at close range this nazi manifestation of an insane frus tration Bobr The main Russian direction in Romania was toward Bucharest but numerous columns moved off theRussian right flank into the Carpathians It was one of these which was reported deep in Transylvania which capitulated Romania has sworn to retake from Strong air forces were bombing and strafing the disorganized Germans day and night East of captured Galati in the breached defenses in the gap be tween the mountains and the Danube mouth advance Russian troops poured down the highway toward Bucharest on roads which skirt the Baragan steppe north of the Bulgarian frontier Front dispatches said nazi storm troopers were haranguing and threatening the German troops in efforts to make a stand There was sporadic resistance but the armies or Gen Feodor f Tolbuk hin and Gen Rodion Y llalinov sky appeared to have broken the back of the nazi forces before Bucharest A Bucharest communique said Romanian troops going over to the allies struck the Germans at Ploesti and blocked mountain into geographical is the quite Alcoholics Anonymous to Hold Convention in Des Moines Sept 2 3 Des Moines first state wide convention of Alcoholics Anonymous organization of persons who admit they had be come addicted to alcohol and have pledged to give it up will be held in Des Moines Sept 2 and 3 Iowa has 8 AA chapters with 131 members all of whom have made reservations for the conven tion Several members from other states will be on the program and at least 70 from Chicago Minne apolis Omaha and Kansas City are expected to attend Cities having chapters in Iowa in addition to Des Moines are Burlington Waterloo Cedar Rap irs Marshalltown Newton Dav enport and Sioux City Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy passes leading to Hungary by way of Transylvania German broadcasts frankly ad mitted their position was pre carious and said nazi troops were locked in unusually ferocious battle with Romanian troops amid the twisted wreckage of Ploesti oil field installations Russians overwhelmed the Ger mans at Focansi and Galati an chors of the once vaunted nazi de fense line and rolled on through the oil fields of RamniculSarat 22 miles beyond Focansi and 75 miles northeast of Bucharest Ploesti is 57 miles southwest of the advancing red armies Mallnovsky moved on Ploesti and Bucharest down the southern side of the Transylvanian Alps while Tobnkhin rolled ahead from he Danube The way appeared wide open to Bucharest The Russian war bulletin said other soviet forces climbing west ward into the Carpathians above the Galati gap captured some lo calities along a railway leading to the Transylvanian plateau includ ing Gomanesti 60 miles northwest of Focansi and TarguOcna Ro manias largest salt mining center Surrender of 2 nazi corps com manders and 2 major generals together with 18000 soldiers in less than 2 weeks and Monday the tattered remnants were fight ing a frantic battle in the Rhone valley to escape a trap American troops have reached the Rhone valley north of Mon telimar 100 airline miles north of Marseille after a march of 200 miles in Z days and have cut off the line of retreat of the German llth armored division and other troops to the south field dis patches announced Monday At least 50000 enemy front line troops were estimated to have been knocked out of the war in the invasion of southern France to date The German llth division was being pressed from the south by other American units dispatches said and was being harassed by maquis in the hills to the west and cut up by allied artillery fire from the east The Germans were making a fierce effort to cut a way through to Valence 25 miles north oC Montelimar it was said but fhe Americans were confident of their ability to crush the breakout at tempts The Germans were confronted by the additional menace of But lers task mobile col umn commanded by Brig Gen Frederick Butler which several days ago reached Grenoble 70 miles northeast of Montelimar and whose activities have not been telimar were diminishing with each days fighting The Germans were known to have been in the Montelimar area almost a week ago The town it reported since The Germans were attempting to withdraw northward through self is in the dead center of the Rhone valley but the terrain from there to the east rises grad ually into rugged Alpine country If the Germans have enough speed left to outstep Patchs for ward columns and they can find a way to keep the allied air force from slashing their communica tions too severely their one chance of withdrawal appears to lie beyond Lyon through the flat country north of Geneva via Be sancon and Mulhouse This would bring them out at the German border But threatening even this route was the allied force which made a spectacular 140 mile drive to Grenoble in the first few days of the invasion and whose present whereabouts remains a secret as far as allied headquarters is con cerned This force is commanded by Brig Gen Frederick Butler a na tive of San Francisco Cal and is known officially as Butlers task force While strong farces of bombers assaulted the heavily manned en emy coastal batteries on the for tified island of Ratonneau which lies west of Marseille French in fantry reported they had all but eliminated nazi resistance in the great maritime port All opposi tion was confined exclusively to HEAVY GERMAN ATTACKOPENED ON BUCHAREST Hitler Desperately Trying to Hold Axis Satellites in Line London Hitler bat tling with guns and threats to hold his deserting Balkan satel lites in line launched a lullscale attack on Bucharest Monday and rushed his diplomatic trouble shooters to Sofia to block a Bul garian declaration of war on the reich The German Transocean news agency said fierce fighting bad broken out between nazi troops and their erstwhile allies in Ro mania where 11 German divi sions were reported to have been killed captured or trapped since Romania broke her ties with Ber lin and went over to the allies last week Transocean said German troops had encircled Bucharest where Premier Marshal Contantin Sen atescu and his new antinazi cab inet were holding the former pre mier Ion Antonescu and members of a German military mission Bucharest has been cut off from all communication with the rest of the country Transocean said asserting that the Romanian army itself had been divided into 2 camps one supporting Senatescu and the other continuing the fight against Russia At the same time signs multi plied that Bulgaria after break ing with Germany over the Ro manian clash was on the verge of declaring war against the reich The nazt DNB news agency said Hitlers ambassador to Bul garia bad returned to his post In Sofia after a hurried conference with Foreign Minister Joaehln Von to warn tbe Bulgars against any war move DNB said the ambassador was discussing the situation with Bulgarian officials but quoted a foreign office spokesman as say ing it was too early to comment Adding to the explosive possi bilities of the situation for Ger many the nazi high command admitted that Russian troops were attacking the Carpathian mountain passes leading into Hungary in an effort to knock that satellite out of the war Planes Rip Fleeing Nazi Troop Units London fighters and fighter bombers llew thou sands of sorties from the west Monday beating up fleeing Ger man troops their airports and transport facilities all through northern France the low countries and as far into Germany as Frank furt Striking up from Italy strong forces of heavy U S bombers blasted the Moosbierbaum oil re finery in Austria the Szony re finery in Hungary on the Danube 50 miles northwest of Budapest the Miskolcz rail yards 100 miles northeast of Budapest the Aviso viaduct and the Ora bridge on the Grenner pass rail line in northern Italy The Hungarian rail targets were at junction lines into surrendered Romania and threatened Czechoslovakia and were in tactical support of the swiftly advancing Russian armies Preliminary reports from British and French bases showed that about 500 American fighters alone had shot up 11 troop trains more than 200 locomotives oil tanks barges radio flak emplacements radio towers and power stations This cavalry of the sky destroyed 500 freight cars and damaged 1000 more They exploded an ammunition train carrying many tons of ex plosives near Budcnville vyith a blast started by a mabhinegun bullet whichr JARRED THE COUNTRYSIDE for miles around Fortresses and Liberators from Italy bombed the oil plants in Austria and Hungary through smoke screens Fires and explo sions blanketed the rail targets A rail bridge over the Tisza river 55 miles southeast ot Budapest re ceived a good pattern ot bombs stopping for a time traffic from Hungary to the southeast Tactical planes operated with the 7th army in southern France They bombed 3 bridges near Lyon Other planes bombed the Villa franca di Verona airdrome 1C miles southwest of Verona anc harbor facilities at Imperia and Savoria on the Italian Riviera Maurice Chevalier Film Actor Reported Killed by Maquis Ixmdon Chevalier French film actor was killed by French maquis last Friday a Reu ters dispatch from Paris said Sun day There was no confirmation in other dispatches from the capital or from French headquarters in London Chevaliers wide smile straw hat and Parisian slang were familiar to many American film audiences He had made appear ances many times in Germanoc cupied Paris according to reports relayed from France alter its capitulation 26 Killed as Plane Crashes Into House at Prestwick Scotland London per sons were killed early Monday when a large air transport crashed into a house near the transAt lantic military air base at Prest wick Scotland The dead included 7 of the plane crew 14 passengers and 5 occu pants the house which was de molished American soldiers and civil de fense workers labored through the darkness to recover bodies from the wreckage and still were searching this morning for any ad ditional victims Two nearby houses were bad ly damaged and the roof of a 4th was torn off The plane was inbound from an Atlantic crossing THREATEN NAZI RETREAT PATH MEAUX SEIZED Allies Swing North Along Almost All of 200 Mile Seme Front Supreme Headquarters AEF troops sweeping in a wide arc threatening German lines of retreat into the reich have crossed the Marne and cap tured Meaux in the loop ot the historic river 23 miles east of Paris The Germans were yielding the battleground of the First World war without a fight as the Ameri cans swept on through Meaux un checked Sedan a famous battle field in 1870 and 1940 was 105 miles to the northeast For the first time in this war American troops were fighting on a battlefield of the First World war The quaint town ofMeaux marked the high tide of the Ger man attempt to take Paris in Sep tember attempt which ended with the allied victory of the first battle the Marne when the Paris taxicab army stemmed the German tide t The town is 24 miles southwest of Chauteau Thierry where American troops in the 2nd battle ol the Marne held the Germans during the fateful days ol June and July 1918 The whole allied attack Monday was swinging north on or across the Seine river along almost the whole 200 miles from its source to the sea Between Paris and the English Channel American British and Canadian armies deepened 4 bridgeheads over the Seine and nave doomed Rouen where Joan ot Arc was tried and burned Rouen 13th city of France with 122800 population now is the center of German resistance such as it is The allies also virtually doomed the great port ot Le Havre and have opened the way into the Germans Hying bomb hell in the Pas De Calais farther north The American bridgehead was at Mantes the British at Vernon and the Canadians had 2 between Elbeuf and PontDeLArche U S 3rd army infantry was streaming into the great tankwon bulge between the Seine and the Marne forming a consolidated front 85 miles or more almost due east of Paris in a great halfwheel around the slill exuberant and now virtually cleared French cap the Rhone valley along the rivers east bank when a column from Lt Gen Alexander M Patchs advancing army fell upon them and in a series of rough encoun ters killed untold hundreds a headquarters announcement said Montelimar is about 100 miles north of Marseilles It was estimated 15000 of the battered German 19th army have been eliminated This defeated German force included elements of the German llth panzer and 193th infantry divisions which had been reinforced by scattered elements of 3 other enemy infan try divisions The loss this force which was announced simultaneously with the loss of the Germans 242nd and 244th divisions at Mar seilles and Toulon means at least 50000 Germans front line soldiers have been eliminated Hampering the nazis in their flight up the Rhone has been the work of the allied air force cut ting bridges from underneath them and making withdrawals both hazardous and costly The chances the harbor area On the eastern bridgehead allied flank of the forces have Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GIobeGaxette carrier boy reached the Var river and have spread out along its banks The Vars mouth is only 4 miles from the great Rivieria playground re sort of Nice For the lath consecutive day al lied ground forces were favored by clear skies and warm weather Claim Nazis Prepare to Abandon Greece Bern Switzerland Chi asso dispatch to the Gazette de Lausanne reported Monday that German forces in off from the reich by developments in Romania and pre paring to abandon that country The dispatch said small units of the German army were gathering and regrouping for an attempt to fight their way through Yugo slavia to Germany Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Monday afternoon Monday night and Tuesday Iowa Fair through Tuesday Wednesday increasing cloudi ness with showers by night slowly rising temperature Tues day and Wednesday Minnesota Fair Monday night and Tuesday except scattered showers northwest po r t i o n Tuesday afternoon or evening Cool Monday night and warmer south and east portions Tues day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics BOMBSMIDGET SUB An Advanced Bomber Base Off Dutch New Guinea IP Maj Ceith E Dougherty WilUamsV mrg Iowa was among lowlevel strafers known as the air apaches1 a band ot Medium aomber pilots given the job of neutralizing enemy strongholds in the Halmaheras Major Dougherty was credited with bombing a mid get submarine during the mission completed in a little more than 3 weeks ital The push through Meaux 10 miles beyond the firstwon foot hold along the Marne at Lagny vas described as meetin virtu ally no opposition It gave the Americans an assault line from which they could turn any Marne defense or stab north in a deep cut the rocket bomb coast The Algiers radio said U S spearheads had crossed the Marne at Vitry 45 miles south west of Verdun On the extreme right flank of the American advance a column thrust 12 miles northward from Troyes toward ArcisSnrAube reaching a point but 118 miles from the German Border in the Saar The nazis put up a stif fened resistance possibly indicat ing they were beginning to react to the American threat to their retreat routes The Germans were reported evacuating Le Havre except for a few rearguards and demolition dicated the seriousness of the Ger1 of the nazis to pull east and north mans plight of Valence 28 miles north Mon Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette I carrier boy I Maximum Sunday 58 Minimum Sunday night 52 At 8 a m Monday 54 Rain 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 68 Minimum 53 Precipitation trace The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 59 Minimum Saturday night 54 At 8 a m Sunday 55 Rain 110 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 76 Minimum 60 Precipitation 03 ALLIES SWEEPING TOWARD GERMAN lied troops arrows were in possession of Berville had established bridgeheads across the Seine at Pontde1Arche Vernon Mantes Paris and CortTeil had expanded their Melun bridgehead to Pecy and had reached the Seine in the northern outskirts of Troyes and at a point 12 miles north of the city ;