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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 27, 1962, Mason City, Iowa North lowai Daily Newspaper idIM for tfw ne VOL 102 PftM UM4 WUM 4 CITY GLOBEGAZETTE vspapcr makes all North lowans neighbors MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 27 1962 HOME EDITION ClOc a Paper CowiiU of Four 171 US spacecraft on path to Venus One Afems Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KCLO OS00 pm Bun WOI Anei am Tuei WTAD Qulncy 810 pm Thun WSUl City 1810 jjM am Sat How good a job is our USIA doing HERE ARE SOME AMONG certain news operate on the as sumption that governmen workers particularly those in the area of foreign relations werent there the day brains got passed out Ive met them by the dozens I dont share thai viewpoint Visits to at least a half hun dred embassiesand consulates in the course of my travel in the past three decades or so has convinced me that thi sweeping indictment is about as far from the truth as anything that could be dreamed up first contacts with our diplomatic representatives came in connection with a visit to Europe and the British Isles in the twenties A decade after World War I had passed and the American Legion was in Paris for a fullfledged conven tion Aspirit of helpfulness from our diplomatic corps was to be expected We werent disap pointed v A dozen years later pur dip lomatic representatives helpec open some doors for me and a dozen associates on a factfind ing mission to Latin America Our big problem1 then was keep ing our neighbors south of Panama from being drawn into the HitlerMussolini orbit In comparatively recent years I profited on almost countless occasions in a roundtheworlc trip which touched on some 30 countries including Russia At close range I saw the big boulders being heaped in Amer icas diplomatic path by world communism operating out ol Kremlin On the basis of all this my testimony would be that while there have been gradations as to capacity in those I have met and come to know over the years I couldnt honestly say that I have ever met one Amer ican in government service who rated being set down per se as an unworthy representative oi our country It was this point of view that prompted me not long ago to pass along to a friend of long standing a recently retired member of the USIA staff a blistering attack on that agency in a New York newspaper For years it has been known for its critical attitude toward any thing having to do with our State Department or govern ment in general My request was for a wholly candid appraisal of the charges leveled at USIA My friend had at an earlier time spent several times as much time in private enterprise as in the govern ment service My correspond ence files contains more than one critical letter from him about some phase of govern ment written when he was serving as public relations di rector for one of the largest corporations in midAmerica What Im trying to say is that in all ways he qualified as an objective observer At the outset of his reply he referred to the thing I have al ready that there are individuals and news papers that delight in singling out isolated instances of inepti tude or worse in government workers and portraying such shortcomings as typical The article from the New York newspaper apparently had been drawn from a recent Nreport by a member of the lower branch of Congress who made USIA a whipping boy in season and out Before be ing elected to Congress he had served as a district attorney That background is helpful to him when as chairman of a Tvrn to 2 ffi North Iowa Partly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday Chance of few thundershow ers near northern border Tuesday Lows Monday night in low 60s Slightly warmer Tuesday highs in low 90s Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with wide ly scattered showers or thun derstorms northwest Tuesday Lows Monday night in the 60s Highs Tuesday 9095 Further cloudy with chance of few widely scattered t h u n d e rshowers cooler north Wednesday Minnesota Variable cloudiness warmer Highs Tuesday around 90 Fiveday Iowa Temperatures will average 6 to 8 degrees above normal with only minor daily changes Monday night through Saturday Normal highs are from the upper 70s in the north east to the lower 80s elsewhere Normal lows are from the up per 50s in the north to the lower 60s in the south Rain fall will average about 10 of an inch in widely scattered thundershowers about Saturday GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum gl 53 57 87 64 GlobeGazette Weather Data up to 8 am Sunday Aug 26 Maximum 80 Minimum 52 14 megatoner is Russias latest UPPSALA Sweden A new Soviet nuclear test in the atmos phere above the Novaya Zemlya region was registered Monday at the Seismologic Institution at U p p s ala University Swedish scientists estimated the blast power at about 14 megatons or the equivalent of 14 million tons of TNT SAME reject test ban bid GENEVA and the United States Mon day proposeda treaty for ah unpoliced ban on nuclear tests in the atmosphere under water and in outer space and the Soviet Union immediately turned a cold shoulder on the idea The Western powers proposed to continue working for a treaty toban tests in all with provisions for international onsite inspection of suspicious tremors which might indicate underground tests Less than two hours after the West offered the partial ban at the 17nation disarmament conference Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Vasily V Kuznetsov Red Chinese may detonate bomb soon WASHINGTON nist China probably will be in a position to detonate its first Rus sion supplied nuclear bomb within a matter of months a senior official oE the US arms control and disarmament agency said Monday The official stressed that this would still be a very long way from Chinas developing nuclear weapons This would take a mat ter of years he said The possibility of nuclear test ing by Red China was described to newsmen as one example of why the United States wants Rus sia to sign a limited nuclear tes ban treaty if a full treaty can not be negotiated The official said it was hoped this would dis suade Russia from giving China technical heip without which she could not develop a weapons sys tern for many years It has long been known that Red China has been doing scien tificnuclear research with the aid of the Soviets But it is be lieved that Russia recently has been cutting down this type oi aid Graham to crusade in Latin America HUNTSVILLE Ala gelist Billy Graham says he will conduct his next crusade in Latin America because it is the tinderbox of the world right now At a news conference after le spoke to more than 35000 Sunday at the Redstone Arsenal Iraham said Within the next five years all of Latin America will have made its decision whether to go for communism or for America DECORATES RELEASED PRISONER President Kennedy pins the bronze star oh Maj Lawrence R Bailey Jr of Laurel Md at Walter Reed Army hos pital in the first cold war presentation of the dec oration Maj Bailey was released Aug 17 by the Communists in Laos after being a prisoner since early 1961 His daughter Barbara 18 is in back ground urned thumbs down Kuznetsov told the meeting he would study the Western draft treaty for a partial ban exclud ing underground tests But his subsequent remarks left no doubt his government would re ject it U S Ambassador Arthur H Dean presented the Western pro posal at the 7th session of the 17nation disarmament confer ence Dean also put before the con ference a second BritishAmeri can draft treaty to ban tests in all environments for all time Dean said that this draft in cludes ideas expressed by the neutralist delegations at the Geneva conference and takes ac count of improved western meth ods of detecting underground explosions But he stressed i also provides for Internationa inspection on the site of a sus picious earth tremor a provi sion that assured in advance its rejection by the Russians said the United States and Britain while still preferring a comprehensive treaty including a ban on underground nuclea explosions were offering thi partial ban in the belief that i would represent a substantia positive gain for society Kuznelsov was quoted by Western conference sources as saying the Western proposal for a parting ban was a stimulu tonuclear war The Soviet delegate insisted that any treaty banning atomic explosions must include under ground nuclear tests At the same time conference sources said Kuznetsov rejected out of hand the second proposal calling for a ban on all tests n all environments for all time but with provisions for compul sory international inspection on he site of a suspicious tremor which could be an earthquake or a clandestine underground ex plosion Plan strike on CHICAGO Order of Railroad Telegraphers ORT Sunday said it would strike the Chicago and North Western Railway at 6 am CST Thurs day The railroad employs 15500 workers besides the telegra hers Other employes includ ng engineers trainmen and conductors are expected to honor the ORT walkout The new deadline is the sec ond set by the ORT The union earlier agreed to 45 days of negotiations with the railroad at he request of Labor Secretary Arthur J Goldberg However the negotiations failed to pro duce any grounds for settlement of the conflict North Western spokesman at he Clinton Iowa division point said a telegraphers strike would cause all of the firms trains operating in Iowa to come to a standstill The spokesman said even switch engines would not operate unless the telegraphers were on duty Oh the inside Editorials Page 4 Clear Lake News 9101M213 North Iowa News 14 Sports 1516 Comics 18 Society News 2021 Latest Markets 24 Mason City News 2425 HEAVY TOLL FEARED CHICAGO A Traffic acci dents in the nation over the long abpr Day weekend says the National Safety Council may kill between 410 and 490 persons MJTOCU FtUX ACOSMIC OUST ON WAY TOWARD high and handsome on a path that should take it close to the planet Venus is Mariner II the latest US space rr Photofax probe Top photo shows instruments aboard the 447pound device while bot tom photo shows how it will glide close to the planet in the next few months Rowan crash fatal to Ohio woman Photo on Page 3 ROWAN A Dayton Ohio woman was fatally injured and five members of her family were hurt when their car was truck by a Rock Island freight xain at an Iowa 3 crossing one mile west of here Camila Dietrickson 36 at a Rochester Minn hospital a few hours after the crash Sat urday Elevator destroyed in New Hartford blaze Her husband Dr William Dietrickson 38 the driver of the car escaped with cuts and jruises He accompanied his wife on an ambulance plane light to Rochester after they were given emergency treat ment at a Belmond hospital Mrs Dietricksons mother Neta Paulson 65 was in critical condition at Belmond withmul tiple fractures and lacerations The Dietricksons three children remained hospitalized in good condition The children are Paula 12 Karen 9 and David 6 Robert Shaw Wright County deputy sheriff said the family was returning home from a va cation trip They had spent Fri day night in a motel at Eagle rove and had traveled only about 20 miles when the acci dent happened Dietrickson told Shaw he was unaware of the approaching train until it was too late to stop The locomotive of the spur ine train struck the auto broad side Shaw said there were no ob structions to vision at the cross ng which was marked only by crossarms Desegregation at Pensacola schools PENSACOLA Fla UP Ne jro pupils entered nine previous y white Escambia County pub ic schools Monday The deseg regation was done quietlyand no incidents were reported Twentyone Negroes went into he schools in the first such move in northwest Florida There were virtually no spccta ors on hand at the schools which scattered throughout he city and county WKVV Fire from New Hartford stroyed the main elevator and Cedar Falls ing and two grain annexes of the New Hartford Elevator Co A T water on to nearby buildings including a fertilizer where combustible nitro Darryl Wagoner coowner was stored and saved the company with Shaw said the 60000bushel facility was about threefourths loaded with corn oats and elevator was destroyed by fire in 1923 only a few days before its construction was It was rebuilt in He was not immediately to estimate the loss but it expected to run into the TOTS PERISH sands of Calif un The six Fire Chief R A Rasmussen of New Hartford said he thought the blaze was started by of Ben and Betty Funk died in a fire that destroyed their new home in this Fresno neous combustion in the main building The exact cause Sunday despite valiant rescue tries by the father and not determined Figures looking better Vehicle still off course CAPE CANAVERAL Fla JB Mariner 2 spacecraft rock eted into space Monday and scientists reported there is a possibility it will pass near the planet Venus as planned despite an early trajectory error figures coming in are a lot better than we expected said an elated spokesman at Callechs Jet Propulsion Labora tory which computes telemetry signals being trans mitted from the space probe launched from Cape Canaveral Earlier JPL said Mariner could come within 100000 miles of the mysterious planet but appeared to be only a long shot for passing Venus within the planned 10000 miles I cannot say officially at this time what the telemetry signals mean and they are not com plete as yet the spokesman said But I can tell you this hings are looking much bright er Everybody here has become much more optimistic all of a sudden and much happier he added For a while it was feared the vehicle might miss the planet by 600000 miles although cor rective techniques could cut the miss to 100000 miles Now it appears the actual path may be much closer than that The key to jockeying Mariner 2 back onto its proper path is a 50pound thrust motor which is to be fired by ground signal eight days after launching when the spacecraft is more than a million miles away from earth By then scientists will have calculated the vehicles path ve locity precisely and will know just how long to fire the small motor to straighten out the N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES Shelling investigated WASHINGTON The government pressed an investigation to determine if the shelling of Havana violated the US Neutrality Act The State Depart ment already has pinned on a Miamibased exiled Cuban students group the responsibility for Friday nights attack but has not said whether the raiders sailed from this country The neutrality law prohib its launching from US soil armed attacks on coun tries not at war with the United States Russia responsible The United States held the Soviet Union responsible for shootings and disorders along the Berlin wall and again invited it to a fourpower conference to deal with the problem A note replied to a Soviet note to the United States Friday which protested stoning of Soviet troop buses in West Ber lin and warning that necessary measures would be taken No tough tactics Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield denied that administration forces plan to resort to tough parliamentary tactics to stifle at tempts to force further changes in President Ken nedys tax reform bill Downplays nuclear threat AMARILLO Dr Edward Teller father of the Hbomb said that even if Red China touches off a nuclear test explosion ifo the near future it will not make Peiping a serious nuclear power course Mariner 2 blasted away from Cape Canaveral at am atop a powerful AtlasAgena B rocket Half an hour later the rocket injected the spacecraft on an interplanetary trajectory The exact reason for the spacecraft being off course in its early stages was not imme diately known But officials sus pected that an abnormal rolling motion in the first stage Atlas rocket might have affected its trajectory The rolling motion occurred for about 50 seconds of the fiveminute Atlas flight Although Mariner 2 was re leased into space at a speed of 25500 miles an hour it gradually began to slow down as planned for the long haul on the 109day 180million mile journey to the sunlit side of Venus Dec 14 Jack James Mariner project manager for NASAs jet propul sion laboratory said rolling might have damaged other instruments in the spacecraft which might af fect its operation in the coming weeks The spacecraft was not de signed for severe buffeting he said We probably wont know until Dec 14 whether the mission is a complete success Shortly after the 447pound pay load was carried aloft NASA of ficials said both stages of the At lasAgena rocket appeared to have fired properly An hour after the lOrStory tall rocket and spacecraft lifted off the tracking station at Woomera Australia picked up1 its signals and confirmed that its span solar panels had unfolded properly The panels collect the suns rays and convert them to energy to run the spacecrafts batteries If Mariner 2 works as planned it will race within 10000 miles of Venus next Dec 14 and Its in struments will take the first close up look at secrets which tho bright planet conceals beneath a perpetual blanket of surrounding clouds It could help solve ono of ihe most puzzling mysteries o the solar system Can life am know it exist on Venus scientists doubt that life H ;