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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 27, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION VOL THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Associated PTCCT United Press Full Wires Five Cents a Copy Iowa Voters Not Mindful of Economy ifowa Public Opinion Panel Iowa voters do not seem to be economyminded in answering whether the state should spend more money than it does now for various services On the contrary nearly 7 in every 10 ap prove increased state spending for mental hos P i t a 1 s 3 in every 5 think the state should contribute more than it does to old age pen t sions and to school aid and and nearly onehalf favor more spending for other state hospitals and for highways But only 1 in every 4 thinks there should be a larger state contribution to soil conservation activities These are the opinions express ed by a representative crosssec tion of voters in the state who were interviewed by the IOWA PUBLIC OPINION PANEL Each voter was handed a card listing different state services and was asked For which of these services do you think the State of Iowa should provide more money than it does now For which ones do you think the state is now providing too much money The replies Slate Now Provides Not Too About Enough Much Kight State mental hospitals 69 i is Old ase pensions 62 3 26 School aid 61 1 28 Other state hospitals 49 1 32 Highways 44 4 39 Soil Conservation 25 6 47 i The proportions not shown in this table are doubtful or unde cided whether the state is spend ing not enough too much or about the right amount lor these purposes These proportions with out opinions range from 9 per cent about old age pensions to 22 per cent about soil conservation OPINIONS DIFFER BETWEEN GROUPS When voters are divided by in come groups little difference is found in the proportions that would have the state spend more money for mental or other hos pitals for school aid or highways There is a great variation about old age pensions for which in creased state spending is approv ed by 65 per cent in the lower income group and by 57 per cent in the upper also concerning soil conservation for which 30 per cent of the upper income voters and 22 per cent in the lower in come groups would have the state appropriate larger funds Voters aged 21 to 40 are more inclined than those of middle age or older to approve greater state spending for school aid and for all the other purposes mentioned with the exception of old age pen sions and soil conservation Men and women do not differ sub stantially in their answers except about soil conservation for which 35 per cent of the men but only 18 per cent of the women approve larger state expenditures The high proportion that ap proves greater spending for state expenditures The high proportion that ap proves greater spending for state mental hospitals apparently re flects the result of unfavorable publicity certain of these institu tions have received yet very few offer specific reasons for alloting them a larger share of state funds Although old age pensions are 2nd in the list of services for which more state spending is approved voters are apparently fairly well satisfied with the way the pres ent old age pension law is being administered Only 4 per cent volunteer that The pensions arent distributed fairly Some people get too to lit tle etc Of these 6 services there is the least support for increased state spending for soil conservation and more say of this service than any other that present state spending is about right or too much Objections are offered that the farmer should be able to take care of his own soil or that farmers have made so much money that this activity is less in need of state aid also that they spend too much on one farm and should spread it around more The 6 per cent who say the state is spending too much for this purpose are not critical of soil conservation activities how ever and even this group answers by more than 3 to 1 that such ac tivities are important This vari ation apparently results from the tendency many people have to re gard soil conservation efforts as a function of the federal govern ment Answers to other questions to determine the understanding lowans have of soil conservation their opinions about how import ant it is and whether it should properly be function of the state or federal government will be re ported by IPOP soon No Comment on Latest Kremlin Talk Moscow UR Envoys of the western powers conferred for nearly 3 hours Friday with Rus sian officials at the kremlin but the meeting ended with no indica tion as to whether any progress was made toward an agreement U S Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith said after leaving the krem lin that Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov and Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky at tended for Russia Premier Josef Stalin was not present Smith answered all other queries with a terse no comment Brit ish Special Envoy Prank Roberts said there would be no commun ique regarding the negotiations Friday night There have been re ports that a communique might be issued Saturday Smith Roberts and French Am bassador Yves Chataigneau went directly from the kremlin meeting to prepare reports for their gov ernments on the last meeting in the seiies seeking agreement on the Berlin crisis and on a 4power conference to decide the future of Germany The latest meeting in the series which began July 30 last 2 hours and 55 minutes beginning at 5 p m Moscow time and ending at p m p m It was one of the longest except for the nearly 5hour session the west ern envoys had with Stalin and Molotov Monday night U S Endorses 5Power Plan French Propose European Pact Washington UR The United States Friday warmly endorsed a recent French proposal for a 5 power European conference to set up a representative European as sembly The endorsement was made in a statement read to newsmen by Michael J McDermott state de partment press officer The French proposal was made last week It is regarded as a stepping stone toward setting up a European political federation The French invitation was sent to Britain Belgium Holland and Luxembourg The 4 nations with France have signed a 50year treaty of collective military aid and economic and social coopera tion generally known at a west ern European No Agreement on Airlines1 Fare Boost Washington attempt to get 5 big airlines to agree on an acrosstheboard 10 per cent fare increase failed Friday Chairman Joseph J OConnell Jr of the civil aeronautics board had called the lines together in an unsuccessful effort to avoid hav ing different rate levels on com peting routes He said the board will let the fares become effec tive as proposed by the airlines Thus Eastern United TWA and Northwest airlines will raise fares on all of their planes next month American Airlines will increase fares only on trips flown with other than DC6 planes Dittmer 78 Found Dead in Stockyards John Dittmer 78 was found dead in the Milwaukee stockyards barn near 10th and Massachusetts S E about 1 p m Friday police reported Dittmer died apparently of nat ural causes according to the police report His death was believed to have occurred sometime during the night MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 27 1948 This Paper Consists ot Two No 277 See Shortage of Space to Store Grain Several Hundred Million Dollars Loss Is Feared Washington A serious shortage of grain storage space threatens farmers with the loss of several hundred million dollars in income this year The agriculture department es timates the storage shortage at upwards of 1000000000 bushels It is most acute in the corn belt where a stupendous crop of 3500 000000 bushels of this grain alone is nearing the harvest stage To Suffer Loss Officials said farmers are likely to suffer losses from deterioration of grain and a drop in market prices below levels promised by the governments support pro gram A farmer can get the benefit of the support program for grain only if he has it stored safely This help is in the form of loans and agreements to buy the grain next year If he cannot get commercial storage or does not have accept able facilities on his farm the grower is out of luck so far as price support aid is concerned Only Alternative His only alternative may be to sell his grain on the market at a prive below the support level Some grain experts predict corn soon will sell from 15 to 25 cents a bushel below the support price of about a bushel The vastness of the storage problem can be measured by the fact that this years indicated pro duction of grain is 1350000 000 bushels larger than last year and 1275000000 larger than the average for the past 10 years And the building of storage fa cilities has not kept pace with the sharp gain in production Truman Plans Stump Tour for Campaign Aboard Yatch Wanderer fP Close associates said Friday Presi dent Truman is planning an un precedented stumping campaign in which he will visit more states than any candidate in history They said his crosscountry tours will extend into the deep south and into every section of the nation The first of these trips will be followed close on the heels of Mr Trumans 5Labor day appearanc es in be headlined by a major address in Detroits Cadillac square Mr Truman outwardly is con fident of defeating Gov Thomas E Dewey in the November elec tion Whatever the reason for his optimism he left no doubt as to his feeling during an hourlong talk with a dozen or so corres pondents who met him at York town Va Thursday The Presidents goal Friday was Blakistone Island where he may get in a swim tonight He will re turn to Washington Sunday Axis Sally Case to Grand Jury Washington IP The treason case against Mildred Elizabeth Sally of the nazi before a federal grand jury here Friday The governments case is being presented by John M Kelly Jr a special assistant to the attorney general Miss Gillars 47 year old native of Portland Me was returned to this country last Saturday from Germany She is charged with treasonably aiding Germany dur ing the war by making nazi prop aganda broadcasts Communists Demonstrate in Berlin for 2 Days in Row Berlin the 2nd straight day belligerent communistled demonstrators forced their way into Berlins city hall Friday They broke up a meeting of the anticommunist city council and immediately tried to substitute a handpicked refiime of their own They demanded that a special committee composed of members of communist dominated labor unions in the soviet zone of the city be appointed to replace the council A spokesman denied that it was to be an action commit tee such as took over Czechoslo vakia but it apparently could serve the same purpose Outside milling crowds unable to get into the hall yelled when told of the cancellation of a sched uled city hall meeting We will come back again and again Tjy to Stop Council This appeared to indicate that the communist strategy is to keep up constant demontrations intend ed to stop all work of the city gov ernment force it to abandon city hall and then jet up a communist front government for the divided blockaded city Friday mornings crowd which numbered only 200 at the begin ning of the demonstration swelled to more than 2000 before it end ed There were broadcast reports that shops in the vicinity of city hall were being closed to get re cruits The demonstration broke up after an hour and a half Refuse Protection Ferdinand Friedensburg the citys acting Christian democrat later charged that sov ietcontrolled german police not only refused the citys parliament protection but actually backed the demonstrators He said the demonstrators had been let into city hall by door which was opened he said by a member of the communist dominated socialist unity party SED after the front door had been locked and the key hidden Hesaid a soviet army major de manded that he be let out by the front door after it was locked This the acting mayor said ap parently was to let demonstrators in Boys Back at Eldora After Capture at Manly 5 boys who escaped from the state train ing school for boys at Eldora are shown here after their capture by North Iowa peace officers The boys from left to right are Milton Monson 16 Forest City Duane Par sons 15 Waterloo Paul Scobee 17 Waterloo Harvey Hill 16 Eagle Grove and Darrell Waterman 16 Waterloo The AP Photos officers from left to right are Highway Patrolmen Ervin Sanders Dana Rima and Richard Hahn Deputy Sheriffs Frank Waychus and Jerry Allen Highway patrolmen Wal ter Hilbert Floyd Carver and Howard Miller and H L Bosworth and R E Hayes Rock Island railroad detectives at Manly The officers are all from Mason City air view was taken just after Highway Patrolman Richard Hahn had walked onto 3 of the boys as they lay hiding in a soybean field He is walking with them while Railroad Detective H L Bosworth Manly follows GOP Campaign Planned in 3rd Charles City Host to 14County Delegates Charles meetings with prominent speakers are to be held in Mason City Waterloo Charles City and Marshalltown in connection with the republican campaign in the 3rd congression al district this fall it was decided at a policy meeting held in Char les City Thursday evening Attending the meeting from the state republican headquarters were Whitney Gillilland Glen wood state chairman Mrs Maude Hickman Centerville R B Rusty Laird speakers bureau chairman and Robert Li Klauer publicity director H R Gross Waterloo 3rd dis trict nominee for congress headed the delegation of candidates at tending which included State Sen ators R R Bateson Eldora and J Kendall Lynes Plainfield State Rep W H Nicholas Mason City and many others County central committee chair men and vice chairmen attended from all of the 14 counties in the district The Cerro Gordo county representative was Mrs Stella Bisgrove Mason City county vice chairman Boyd Pete Hayes Charles City district republican chairman presided at the meeting Crispin was the old name for shoemakers given to them from the fact that St Crispin was their patron saint SAME Black trultlt death la Hughes Critically III BULLETIN Barnestable Mass UR Charles Evans Hughes retired chief justice of the U S su preme court is in very low con dition with a heart ailment his son announced Friday Hughes 86 is suffering from gradual weakening1 of the heart and is sinking 45 per cent of personal planes sold in 1947 were factoryequipped with radio In 1946 less than 9 per cent were so equipped Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy quite humid and rather warm through Saturday with scattered thun dershowers High Saturday af ternoon 90 to 94 Low Friday night 68 to 72 Iowa Partly cloudy and contin ued warm and humid Friday night and Saturday with widely scattered nighttime thunder showers Low Friday night 7075 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will average 8 to 12 degrees above seasonal nor mals with weather remaining warm and humid throughout the period Normal high 82 normal low 58 precipitation will be moderate to heavy averaging one to 2 inches occurring as rather frequent showers and thunderstorms irregularly dis tributed t Minnesota Partly cloudy with scattered showers and thunder storms Friday night and in east and south portions Saturday Not much change in temper ature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 96 Minimum 67 At 8 a m Friday 68 Precipitation 22 YEAR AGO Maximum 154 Minimum 55 STILL Monson 16 year old Forest City lad is shown being handcuffed by Highway Patrolman Floyd Carver at the Manly railroad yards soon after his capture The youngster was still defiant and told Deputy Sheriff Jerry Allen as he was being lodged in Cerro Gordo county jail You wont catch us so easy next time What makes you think therell be a next time Allen asked There will be was the answer Hiss Spy Probe Evidence Jumps From Ford to Farm Washington house American activities committee as signed an investigator Friday to track down a new report that Al ger Hiss and Whittaker Chambers once were interested in the same old farm near Westminster Md The committee also brought in a handwriting expert in an attempt to get to the bottom of the wide ly different stories the 2 men have told about their relationship a dozen years ago The latest story the spy investi gators are trying to run down is that Hiss made a down payment to a real estate agent on the Mary land farm but lost interest in the property and didnt complete the purchase Then Chambers was re ported to have bought the farm later and his family was said to have lived there for a while Pure Coincidence Rep Nixon RCal told re porters the committee intends to see if this is another link in the chain of evidence or just pure coincidence It is possible he said that it may show the 2 men were much more closely connected than previously indicated The committee members are searching for a key to crack the HissChambers riddle They claimed some success A sworn statement by excommunist Louis Budenz that he always had considered Hiss to be under party discipline Denies Red Tinge Hiss former toplevel state de partment official has heatedly denied any red tinge He called Whittaker Chambers a liar Wed nesday for telling the house un American activities committee that Hiss had a leading part in a pre war communist underground here Chambers selfdescribed for mer courier for the underground stuck to his story and said it is Hiss who is lying The committee summoned the handwriting expert to check the writing of a William Rosen against the signature William Rose on a title transfer of Hiss old model A Ford in 1S36 Lack of Business Shuts Liquor Store Des Moines state liq uor store at New Alb in in Allama kee county will be closed in a few weeks because of lack of patron age George Scott chairman of the state liquor commission said Fri day A 2nd store will be opened soon in Clinton Scott said Caught in Rail Yards by Officers Farmers Man in Plane Give Aid in Search for Fugitives Five teenage youths nursing blistered feet and torn skins were returned to the state training school for boys at Eldora Friday They were caught at Manly Thurs day afternoon 18 hours after they and 4 others walked away from the institution The boys are Duane Parsons 15 Paul Scobee 17 and Darel Water man 16 all of Waterloo Harvey Hill 16 Eagle Grove and Milton Monson 16 Forest City The quintet was sighted in the Manly railroad yards Thursday afternoon by Rock Island Railroad Detectives R E Hayes and H L Bosworth who telephoned the highway patrol office in Mason City Hear Call Highway patrolmen throughout the Mason City district and 2 Cer ro Gordo county deputy sheriffs heard the call from the shortwave radio station of the highway patrol and congregated within minutes at the railroad yards As the search began farmers from the vicinity joined in comb ing an area of about 4 square miles covered with corn and soy beans in which the boys could hide Patrolman Walter Hilbert caught the 1st of the boys Waterman in a soybean field about a mile east of the railroad yard Soon after ward Deputy Sheriffs Frank Way chus and Jerry Allen and Patrol man Floyd L Carver caught Mon son in a grove of trees near the dump adjoining the railroad tracks The other 3 were seen by a farmer a mile north and a mile west of Manly when his dog be gan barking and flushed them They ran westward across high way 65 and soon afterward the farmer flagged down the patrol car bearing Patrolman Duane Mayfield and told him of the in cident Mayfield spotted the 3 soon after and fired his gun in the air to attract the attention of other of ficers The boys didnt even slow down when I fired he com mented The officers then surrounded the boys as they lay in a soybean field and soon after Patrolman Richard Hahn captured them where they lay Feet Blistered When caught the boys were in Tshirts navy fatigue pants and their feet were blistered from walking They told the officers that they had hiked from Eldora to Iowa Falls Wednesday evening and caught a freight train from there to Manly They reached Manly during the night and tried unsuccessfully through the day to board a north bound freight they said They did get on one but were ordered off by the brakeman They wanted to reach Minneapolis they told officers and try to find work there Their only food during the 24 hours they were at large con sisted of carrots and tomatoes stolen from a garden they ad mitted and when brought to the Cerro Gordo county jail they asked immediately for something to eat Friday forenoon2 officials from the training school arrived at Ma son City to take the boys back to the institution Meanwhile 2 others of the 9 that escaped were caught at Perry leaving only 2 still at large Arrested in Perry were Albert Penrod 17 Hannibal Mo and James Caffee 15 Des Moines Chief of Police Lew Stanley made the arrest after receiving a tip that 2 suspiciouslooking boys walking along the street in the west end of town He said when he drove up one of the youths started to duck into a corn patch on a vacant lot but the other called him back Chief Stanley said the pair told him they had ridden into Perry on a freight and had eaten noth ing except green apples since their escape Still at large were Rufus Hum mel 16 Waterloo and La Verne Pratt 15 Muscatine NEWSPAPER HEAD DIES Winterpark Fla Funeral services will be held Saturday for Harry Norris Rickey 77yearold former ScrlppsHoward newspa per executive who died Thursday after a 2year illness y ;