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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OF COUP NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Hisroay AND ASCH I ves VOL 1J THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION WAKES ALL NORTH IOWAMS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Prea Full Leased JVir FiveCents a Cop MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST Z1 1945 TWj Paper Consists of Two One NO 276 PLAN MORE JAP LANDINGS One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mai an City Sunday 5 B W01 Ames Tuesday p m 1VSUI City Weduesdiy n ra WTAD Quincy 111 Friday can p ra fcSCJ SIooi city Sturday a If Democracy Is to Function Properly TI7HAT has happened in the war just ended ought to eliminate for all time the glib assumption that there is something essentially frail and flimsy about the form of human government which passes by the name of democracy If this war has proved any thing at all U is that democracy is not only BETTER than dicta torship but that in the Ions run it is stronger more virile Back In the days when the to talitarian nations were pushing ahead unchecked this assumption was understandable Hitler had seized most of Europe Japan seemed to have a stranglehold on the Asiatic continent and the islands of the far Pacific and Italy with German help was running the show in Africa The casual observer of the world scene could quite easily gain the notion that these con quests based on military might were based on some attribute of superior strength and efficiency i inherent in the dictatorship form 1 of government Bat wifhin a period of 3 years t the tables had been completely reversed Italy gave up the ghost when the war was carried jto her homeland Hitlers Ger finuwy cap tola ted after its cities Iwd been converted into shambles Jand Japan and Jlsensine worse things to come Sijeave up initial successes by the dictatorships are explained by the fact that they were built on i military foundation By sub nerging everything else they Rvere able to enter the war with maximum of might The allies except Russia per aps had pursued another course p hey had proceeded on the as gumption that perhaps the world moved up the ladder to the pioint of eliminating war as an Instrument for settling interna tional misunderstandings They Werent prepared They hadnt the facts In this they were I fang IlBut the significant fact Is that H spite of their lack of prepared and because of their vast po ntial they were able to hold ick the totalitarian enemy while r rding for the knockout punches j Yes by the best of tests the ajmocracies have proved them S Ives more potent than absolut TJ in any form There isnt any im for fair argument about it point JfjUT there remains an allim portant question expressible the following words J IS OUR OWN I DEMOCRACY AS STRONG I AND EFFICIENT AS IT OUGHT I TO BE B My own answer to that question gjis that it is not and in this com limentary I propose to discuss some K of the reasons why our govern tjrnent national and state need 1 lessly handicaps itself j Reason No 1 is that the rank I and file and I np a different and lower stand i ard for government than for pri I vate business I Too often we think of publiX I service as a place for somebody who has lost out in the race i private enterprise We think of i I in terms of rewarding a needj person rather than in terms o j answering the question Can thi j person do the job better thai f anybody else who might be avail fl able Another manifestation of this same invitation to inefficiency in government business is to b found in the rather common feel ing among us hat a worker in the public service should be turnei out after he has served a certain fl length of time irrespective of how M wellhe has done his job Thats purely a case of thinking of government as a reward rather J than as an exacting job In al S other fields to thi 1 point of overage of an asset Why not in the publii service again theres the matter of compensation Private bus iness goes into the market and J gets the best brains for its im M portant jobs In government we V set a salary and hope that it wil attract some competent person Thats what I mean by double ttandard as betweenprivate bus Continned on Pate 2 ASK QUICK AID FOR MILLIONS OFUNEMPLOYED Business Group Urjjes Government Help Pay Travel to New Jobs RECONVERSION AT A GLANCE Business experts ask quick aid or jobless OWI goins out of information business OPAdealers scrap over new oods prices Seized plants to lie returned to owners Washington frighten ng problem of millions of jobless workers stirred legislators and businessmen to action Monday An influential business group irged the government immediately to help pay the fare of stranded war workers to new jobs This body the research com mittee of the nationwide C E committee for economic develop ment also recommended that most states increase their pay ments to the unemployed But the big government push ioward the ways of peace made this news 1 The office of war information wants to go out of business within 90 days Office of censorship al ready is grone The state depart ment may take over U S pub licity abroad 2 The public will begin to see electric toasters washers refriger ators and ranges this fall vacuum cleaners fairly plentiful by Christmas 3 Sellers of goods headed into a foilscale rumpus with OPA They say OPAs policy on retail price same as in 1942 or very little is too low Theyll meet here for a fight Tuesday Good news rolled in from the production front New authorita tive reports included Clothing Plenty of womens and childrens dresses slips blouses nightgowns panties and pajamas by November Good but not rosy prospects for mens suits returning servicemen will drain suppliesfor a while Household goods Electrical ap pliances washing machines toast ers ranges waffle irons and the like will begin to appear this fall But they will remain fairly scarce till spring And the draft came back into the news as the house military committee met to decide what if anything to do about it At least 2 lawmakers Representatives Kil day D and Shafer R told newsmen they favo an immediate end to inductions of 18 and 19 years olds Others wanl to halt the draft entirely but a compromise may be sought 11 would ban inductions of fathers ol any age and call for the immed iate discharge of any fighting man over 35 who asked for his release Roy Johnson Treasurer of Iowa Legion Roy B Johnson assistant vice of the First National rank of Mason City was elected department finance officer treas urer of the American Legion at a neeting of the executive commit ee in Des Moines Sunday Commander Ralph H Stuart of Hampton newly elected depart ment commander said the goal for Iowa the coming year would be a membership of 125000 Special ef fort will be made to interest the World war II veteran in Legion membership Maj Frank Miles former edi or of the Iowa Legionnaire who recently returned from overseas as correspondent ior Legion pub lications said he found consider able interest in the Legion among fighting men Johnson who attended the meeting has been active in the Legion from the time Clausen Word en post was organized in Mason City more than 25 years ago The local post and the 4th district Legion organization had indorsed him for the office He succeeds R W Mannatt Cedar Kapids banker Johnson has served as post fi nance officer vice commander a member of the executive commit tee and in 1934 was post com mander He was Gerro Gordo county Legion commander for 2 years and grand commissaire in tendant of the 40 and 8 in 1934 He served as chairman of the local Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ROT B JOHNSON veterans memorial association years For more than 20 years he has been treasurer and amember of the executive committee of the Cerro Gordo county chapter of the Red Cross The Mason Cityans military service goes back to the early part 1815 when he enlisted in Com pany D of the 56th Iowa guard which was later changed to the 2nd Iowa Infantry He served a year on the Mexican border anc when the United States entered the war in 1917 he entered the first officers military training camp al Fort Snelling Minn from which he was graduated a 2nd lieuten ant He served overseas in World war I as an infantry officer anc for almost 20 years was active h the officers reserve corps Other executive committee ap MIGHTY BATTLESHIPS HEADED FOR JAPAN powerful battleshins of Ad d fleev SS IOWa US S Mtarl WO feet of each other while transferring personnel in waters off Japan preparatory to na val occupatjon ofTokyo bay Navy caption states this is first known instance of person Ed ndnents included the naming TT E Marshall Thomas of Dubuque I I department judge advocate He W1I1CUJ U i gCO Drafting Men for 2 Years Washington Tru poii of E is the first veteran of World war H to be appointed to a state posi tion Of the 388out of 584 posts re porting 160 sponsorBoyScout troops The following department com mittee chairmen were appointed bond sales E J Feriter Cedar Rapids ceremonial F H Cooney Carroll child welfare F O Pat ter s o n Fontanelle community service C H Munson Whiting education E H Curtis Chariton education of veterans orphans C E Roberts Keokuk graves registration Arthur Murray Ban croft junior baseball R O Gar ber Des Moines legislative H W Gaunitz Lansing postwar plan ning Harold Holloway Dubuque detachment commander Sons of the American Legion G L Mc Laury Burlington veterans em ployment Lee Watts Corning veterans preference Frank Ulish Fort Dodge highway safety and Jess Halden Newton World war II liaison Represents Iowa Yankton S Dak O Eser Westside Iowa has been named as a representative of thnt state in the competition to name a 1S45 Midwest Farmer at the an nual agricultural celebration here Labor day Representatives have been named also from Nebraska the Dakotas and Minnesota lowan in Japan Okinawa Preston Lashier Sioux City Iowa will be among the hundreds of troops who will fly into Japan with the ad vance occupation echelon fc FIRST FORMAL JAPANESE SURRENDER SIGNINGThis delayed U S navy radio S this What iS bfeV6d t0 be the first formalsurrender of Lew 16 if ttt 8t hih Aug22 1945 aboard U S s in the harbor of the oncemighty Japanese atoll of Mille in the men from 18 to 25 years as the only safe and acceptable solution to the problem of demobilizing veterans In letters to chairmen of the senate and house military com mittees the president said the world situation now precludes stopping the inflovv of replace ments into the aimed forces Mr Truman suggested that inductions now should be for 2 years unless sooner discharged He cautioned against premature attempts to declare the war emer gency at an end and asked legis lation lifting the present army voluntary enlistment ceiling of 280000 to permit the reduction of selective service inductions Chairman May DKy of the house military committee quickly called for public hearings to open Tuesday on the presidents pro posals NORTH IOWAN ON CASUALTY LIST The war department casualty list for Monday contains the name of but one North lowan Pfc John S Steenhnrd brother of Englehard Steenhard of Meser vey He was listed as wounded in the Pacific The department announces that until further notice casualty list which have heretofore been re leased daily will be issued peri odically as warranted Pioneer Dies Malvern Frances Benton 9G died Saturday She had been a resident of the Mnlvcri community for 92 years and wa a daughter of Mr and Mrs Josial Wearin pioneer southwestern low residents MORE SOLDIERS RETINHOME 4Transports Dock With 7669 Troops New trans ports docked Monday with 7E6S troops most of them diverted from Pacific destinations Gen William F Hase arrives with 3047 men Included aboart were the 74th MP company 238th General Hospital 261st Sirnal Heavy Construction C ZDOth 291st nip Cos 4GOth and 4Glsl Transportation Corps Amphibioui Truck Cos 534th 537th Signa Heavy Construction Cos 819th T C Amphibious Truck Cos IZGBth Engineer Combat Battal ion 3513 QM Truck Co and 4415th QM Service company The Exchange carried 195 troops including the 768th TC Base Depot Co 241st MP Co G4tl Field Hospital 135th Evacuation hospital 3140th 4199th 420611 QM Service Cos 259th Signo Russia Signs 30 Year Pact With Chinese Chungking IP Russia and hina were bound Monday in a tOyear friendship treaty which is designed to block for that period any possible Japanese aggression n Asia and which apparently aves the way for a peaceful set lement of Chungking Chinese differences The pact terms of which were imiounced simultaneously by the Chinese and Russian governments Sunday night provides that Rus ia will give military supplies and moral support to Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks nationalist government o the exclusion of the lorfheni China communist regime and calls for mutual aid in the event of any Japanese attack The treaty also assured the re urn of Manchuria to the Chinese with Russia promising to complete withdrawal of her occupation wrested this coun iry from the the next 3 months Tiie treaty ends n long under current political strain between he 2 great Asiatic powers brought about by the activities of Chinese communist elements who fre quently have been at odds with he central government in Chung ting A race between Chungking and communist forces to occupy north China cities and capture Japanese arms there had brought about a threat of civil war since the capitulation o Nipponese troops The principal points of the treaty 1 Russia to give military sup plies and moral support to Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiSheks gov ernment 2 Russia to withdraw from Japans stolen empire of Man churia within 3 months of the Japanese surrender 3 Russia to keep hands off Chinas internal affairs 4 The establishment of Darien in Manchuria as a free port open to all nations but administered by China 5 The Monchtirian city of Port Arthur to be used jointly as a por and naval base by Russia and China 6 Russia and China to operate jointly the Chinese eastern anc southern Manchuria railroads 7 China to recognize the inde pendence of outer Mongolia if the people there indicate by a plebl scite they want independence Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued fair anc somewhat warmer Monday be coming partly cloudy and con tinned rather warm Tuesday dtivice iDym signal Heavy Construction Group 436th Iowa Fair Monday and Mondaj TC Port Co and 257th MP Co night except partly cloudy Tlln frtn rlnl II tfnffnvoH The Coalsdalc Victory docks with 1983 troops and the John Pills bury with 719 including the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion 572m QM Battalion 112th Financia Disbursing Section and the 122n and 123rd Mobile Training Units Six transports brought 409 troops into New York port Sun day including 1982 diverted troops aboard the Sea Cat irhich sailed for the Pacific from Leg horn Italy Auff 15 The men who had heard the surrender news were glum faced until orders to change course came 3 days later Among the 29 units aboard the Sea Cat were 46 nurses of the 103rd Station Hospital The trans ports were Edward Rutlcdge the John M Moorehead the Joseph Leidy the Joseph AT Teal and the Tarazed AH troops were taken to Camp Kilmer N J Bur your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy a few scattered thundershower extreme northwest portion Mon day Partly cloudy Tuesday Warmer east and central por tions Monday Minnesota Partly cloudy Monda niyht and Tuesday with a fev widely scattered showers eas portion Monday night No im portant change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 78 Minimum Sunday 64 At 8 a m Monday 69 YEAR AGO Maximum 59 Minimum 54 Precipitation GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Saturday 73 Minimum Saturday 52 At 8 a m Sunday 56 YEAR AGO Maximum 72 Minimum 54 Precipitation 08 Describes Nagasaki as City of Death EDITORS the first time the army has permitted newsmen to fly over the city of Nagasaki hit by an atomic liomb on Aug 9 The following eyewit ness dispatch describes the de vastation the bomb brought to the city By JAMES McGLINCT United Press Staff Correspondent Over NaRasaki a city of death lies barren and brown below us on both sides of the river that divides it As our Flyins Fortress the Headlincr came in over the city we could see some gray topped houses Then suddenly we noticed they were very few AVhat was supposed to have been Na xasaki was mostly a wide brown patch about 2 or 3 miles vide littered with debris as though someone had opened a box of matches and brokenthem We did not notice the details on our first time around We were abla to get only a picture of aw ful ruin But on our 2nd run little things began to meet the eye To the left rose black smoke stacks but the factory alongside them was a shattered framework of twisted girders A small steel and concrete bridge about 100 yards from the factory was not damaged and 2 or 3 people walk ing across it looked up curiously at our plane On the far outskirts of Na gasaki little freight trains puffed in the rail yards but there was no guessing What they might be hauling to or from this ruined city The sharpest single impression we had was the brown color cov ering everything showing the searing heat that withered every grcan plant and tree in this vici nity and burned every scrap of wood The effects of the bombs ac tion are Curious In many places it levelled everything to the ground but in others several blocks of houses stood apparently untouched Where the bomb hit most se verely there were no halfstand ing buildings such as one might see in Europe There were only foundations or cellars to show where buildings once stood The atomic bomb seemed to have burned very little Only in less damaged districts was there evidence of fire NAME8THARMY TO SPEARHEAD JAPAN LANDING Battleship Missouri Leads Peaceful Move Into Jap Home Waters Manila Designating the th army of Lt Gen Robert L ichelberger to occupy the Tokyo rea General MacArthur Monday nnouncecl there will be additional andirtfis at Yokohama Tokyos ort and at Tateyama outside okyo bay on the east side of its ntrance Eichelberffcr UlacArthur said vill accompany the supreme com lander when he arrives Aug 30 ii Japan Strong American and British aval forces already are peace ully anchored in Sagami Bay vilhin 30 miles of Tokyo The only previouslyannounced lans for landings in the Tokyo ay area were at Alsugi airfield vhere MacArthur will alight with irbornc troops Thursday and at lie Yokosuka naval base between Yokohama and Tokyo bay The newlyannounced landings vill follow them by 2 days The notice of landings to come at Yokohama shows MacArthurs determination to gain early con rol of the important Tokyo bay port facilities while Tateyama is a strategic spot 10 miles from the lottleneek IJraga strait entrance 0 the bay Yohohama is approxi mately 15 miles from AtsuEi and 10 from Yokosuka The fleets thrust inlo Sgami bay proved asquiet as a routing peacetime maneuver at home The final act surrender will be igned aboard the battleship Mis ouri in Tokyo bay Sunday Japa nese Manila headquarters of Gener al MacArthur supreme allied commander for Japan said it had not been informed officially of the fleets entry However a spokesman stated the fleet was operating without reporting to MacArthur on alt details of the master plan already laid down for the occupation and formal sur render MacArthurs headquarters dis closed 3 more phases of that steadilyunfolding program The U S army 24th corps under Maj Gen John R Hodge wil occupy the southern half of Korea and the surrender of Hong Kong will fie made to Rear Adm C H 3 Harcourt of the British navy Correspondents with Admiral Halseys naval forces that have been standing off Japan for weeks reported the great warships of the U S 3rd fleet and a British task group steamed serenely into the waters and dropped anchor This was at a spot 30 miles south of Tokyo and 2 miles off a beach crowded with bathers and sight seers Minesweepers immediately be gan the tremendous task of clear ing the channel into Tokyo bay in anticipation of Thursdays scheduled landing of 10000 ma rines and sailors who will occupy the important Yokosuka naval base simultaneously with MacAr thurs arrival at Tokyo with 7500 or more airborne troops The naval entry had been sched uled originally for Sunday but was called off at the last minute by receipt of MacArthurs orders to postpone the occupation plan for 48 hours because of typhoons around Japan It was not explained why the navy delayed only 24 hours in moving into the bay but the Sagami roadstead even though 30 miles broad might conceivably offer sonic shelter from the weather for smaller vessels The drama began afresh Mon day morning fleet correspondents reported when a party of 21 Jap anese including 2 emissaries 6 interpreters and 13 coastal pilots met the fleet at sea Taken off their tiny destroyer and transferred to the Missouri by the American destroyer Nich olas the Japanese received de tailed instructions concerning the naval occupation even while the fleet plowed steadily into the bays entrance Admiral Halsey did not see the Japanese who were given their orders by the chief of staff Rear Adm Robert B Carney These in cluded minute instructions on how to prepare for the landing Thurs day by the newlydesignated Task Force 31 led by Rear Adm Oscar E Badger in the cruiser San Diego Instructions included neutralizing the numerous shore batteries evacuating troops dis mantling forts and removing 1 mines ;