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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 27, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME n r P r vE s r OF M 1 i T 0 Y A N i e C L j I i I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPV MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 27 1942 THIS PAPEK CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 274 REDS STORM TO RZHEV IN NEW DRIVE ii n n A n n n Solomons Outlook Encouraging Trend for Allies Brighter CANCELS ARMY NAVY PRIORITY RATING POWERS Nelson Gets Tough by Providing Sole Control With WPB WASHINGTON Donald M Nelson of the war pro duction board was reported Thurs day to have notified the armed services he is withdrawing from their hundreds of procurement bf fices over the country the power to grant priority ratings The first major result of Nel sons newlyenunciated s e t tough policy in dealing with the materials shortage is ex pected to be announced formal ly within 21 hours it was dis closed by a WPB official who requested his name be withheld The action will give WPB sole control over the issuance of pri ority ratings plugging a major loophole in the effort to balance short supplies against demands for materials by the army and navy and essential civilian users Nelsons decision was conveyed to the armed services in letters to Undersecretary of War Robert P Patterson Undersecretary of the Navy James V Forrestal and ferdinand Eberstadt chairman of the armynavy munitions board it was said Nelson has been in frequent consultation with the three for several days working out details of the order expected to be issued over the signature of Amory Houghton WPB director general for operations At present all army and navy procurement officers and inspec tors who have authority to sign contracts also have power to as sign automatic priority ratings for the necessary materials even down to ten pounds of nails Hereafter the inspectors and procurement officers upon con cluding a contract will have to apply to an authorized WPB offi cial who will issue the priority rating WPB therefore will have a con stant check on the outflow of ma terials The free hand enjoyed by the armed services heretofore has contributed according to the com plaint of some WPB officials to the priorities inflation which has made some priority ratings virtually worthless and has ham pered WPBs efforts to keep the demand for steel copper zinc and other critical materials bal anced against the available sup ply Nelsons letter to the three of ficials of the armed services was rather directly phrased the WPB source said and called at tention to the growing gravity of the materials problem which has resulted in some temporary shut downs of war plants and in tile slowing of production at others Exact machinery of the new system was not divulged Tanks Get Desert Training These fast hardhitting M3 tanks will be among hundreds participating in large scale maneuvers on a vast California desert next week when men and machines will be subjected to a burning blistering heat intended to condition them to all the demands of modern combat The tanks are being put through preparatory trials for the larger ma neuvers to follow STUDY DRAFT OF 18 YEAR OLDS New Legislation Tops Program Mapped Out for Congress Action WASHINGTON draft legislation to make 18 and 19 year old youths eligible for armed service topped a program mapped Battleship Iowa Launched 7 Months Ahead of Schedule AMERICANS ARE READY TO HELP IN DESERT WAR Allies and Axis Are Preparing to Lock in Supreme Struggle CAIRO airmen al ready have begun peeling oil the thin veneer of calm on the west ern desert too crucial a battlefield to stay quiet long and rested Re inforced armies on both sides of the Alameiu line are ready to lock in what may be a supreme battle of the war The two month lull may erupt into another major struggle when the brightness of a full desert moon begins to wane Thursday night or the break may come Friday or later But whenever it comes the British are sure of three things It wont be long they and their American allies are rendy and Prime Minister Churchill has pro mised them every aid possible to put up a fight as though for Eng Jap Invaders Pay Heavily in Hotly Contested Landing on Southeast Tip of New Guinea By II WIGGINS WASHINGTON furiously spreading battle of the southwest Pacific rolled closer to the Australian mainland Thursday as Japanese invaders paid heavily with ships troops and planes for a savagely contested landing on the south eastern tip of New Guinea While American air power put one enemy invasion fleet to flight off Guadalcanal and inflicted mounting naval losses on another in the strategic Solomons allied 3 ground troops and planes GOO miles to the west joined battle with a force of Japanese marines that landed from a small convoy at Milne bay Heavy allied air action Gen eral IHacArthurs headquarters announced from Australia de stroyed an enemy transport six landing barges and battered i cruiser probably sinking it Medium bombers and fighters also raked other Japanese barges and supplies strafed landing troops and started many fires lands own soil One portent of a developing out Thursday months of the for the waning 77th congress by 2 Killed as Wingtip of Plane Touches Wire in Minnesota i1 MONTICELLO TVlinn mer Hinck 50 Minneapolis and Fritz Kraemer Glen Lake Minn burned to death Wednesday night when their airplane crashed in flames Witnesses said the plane piloted by Kraemer was stunting close to the housetops and made a sharp bank and turn just before it fell A wingtip apparently brushed a power wire and the plane fell into the back yard of Mrs Ella Pratt The accident hap pened a short distance from Hincks brother Clarence oper ates a glider schood Chairman Sabath DI11 of the house rules committee In all likelihood Sabath said in an interview congress will be asked this session to permit the drafting of 18 and 19 year olds and will give its approval In his opinion he added the 1818 group contains the finest fighting material available Barring any congressional re pevfUfsions from President Roose velts Labor day cost of living message the only other subjects that will be considered at this ses sion if Sabath has his way are taxes senate changes in the ser vice mens votebymail bill a new appropriation for defense housing and a few relatively minor bills There is ho reason why be tween the time we go back into regular session early next month and the middle of October we cannot dispose of everything that is urgent and either adjourn or recess until the next congress convenes Sabath said That program he acknowledged precluded consideration of pend ing labor and farm legislation among other things W As far as Sabath is concerned Ihc rules committee will sit 011 proposals for investigation of the federal communications committee for subjecting labor unions to the antiracketeering act for giving farmers loans up to 100 per cent of the parity price of Ihcir basic commodities and for relieving war contrac tors from payment of state and local taxes on supplies used in connection with war contracts May Take Part in Climactic Operation of All War Bard Says BROOKLYN NAVY YARD New York battleship Iowa mightiest dreadnaught in the fast growing American fleet was launched Thursday seven months ahead of schedule perhaps to take part in that final cli mactic operation of all the the invasion of the continent of Europe or the island of Japan The prediction of the Iowas ultimate career came from lalph A Bard assistant secretary of the navy who spoke a few min utes before the 45000 ton bat tleship slid into the East river christened hy Mrs Ho Browne Wallace wife of the vice presi dent a native of Iowa W W Here is n ship Bavd said lhat can keep up with the swift est task forces Here is a ship that can fire faster and farther than any other ship afloat It may even take part in that final climactic military operation of all the the invasion of the continent of Europe or the island of Japan It is a tool with which Americas fu ture will be written on the pages of history The Japanese and the Germans have built stealthily and they have built well Bard continued but I can guarantee that they have never fashioned sucha weapon as this ship The launching ceremonies were brief and simple owing to nartimc restrictions Vice Presi dent Wallace and Secretary of Navy Frank Knox were unable to attend The launching ceremonv was witnessed by 10000 of the Brook lyn navy yards 30000 workers and several hundred official guests who included Mrs Eleanor Roose velt wife of the president and Mayor Fiorello H La Guardia of New York These and 10000 more gathered in a park across the East river raised a mighty cheer as Mrs Wallace smashed a bottle of The first was a post Civil war wooden screw sloop the second a battleship that fought in the SpanishAmerican war and was used in the first World war as trarcins ship and thethird was anotKer battleship scrapped before completion in 1923 Most of the Iowas specifica tions are secret but it may be revealed that her main battery will be of 16inch guns She is 880 feet long 200 feet shorter than the largest ocean liner The area of all her decks and platforms is acres There are 80 miles of pipe within her 17 for refrigeration and cooling Fif teen miles of Manila and wire rope are required The total length of electric cable required is 250 miles and it the conductors in the cable were laid end to end they would reach 1700 miles Her geneiators have a capacity of 10000 kilowatt hours or enough electricity for a city of 20000 On her trial trip she will displace enough water to flood 46 acres of land one foot deep Ask All Metal War Relics Be Salvaged DES MOINES request that all metal relics of other wars be turned in for salvage was on its way Thursday to Iowa county salvage chairmen The request was issued by Col V L Padgett commanding officer of the Fort Des Moines army post He said the order is designed to bring all cannons cannon balls old tanks shell cases and other relics into the scrap heaps regardless of his toric value This is a bad time to start a fuss and trouble and create a lot dissension over the labor prob lem Sabath commented And its not the right time to deprive the states of their revenue by re lieving contractors from the pay ment of their local taxes Neither docs the chairman think the time proper to consider a proposal lo develop the St Lawrence seaway and power pro ject in cooperation with Canada Sabath pointed out that every bill and resolution not disposed of when the present Lcssion of congress ends in the first week of January automatically is dead and declared there will be a lot of them not acted on U S AIRPLANES RAID LASHIO Shoot Down 2 Enemy Aircraft and Probably Destroy 2 Others CHUNGKING Slates army planes raided the Japanese base at Lashio Burma Wednesday shooting down two enemy fighter planes and prob ably destroying two more Lieut Gen Joseph W Stilwells head quarters announced Thursday All the American planes re turned safely the announcement said Two large fires were started in the center of the city and a num ber of hits were scored on the air drome runway the war bulletin new battle on which may hinge I mastery of the Mediterranean and Hitlers hopes of closing a giant nutcracker on the middle east through Egypt and across the Cau casus was the growing scale of allied air activity United States army airmen have participated in attacks ranging from Tobruk and other German occupied desert posts to shipping in Suda bay Crete and the Cor inth canal in Greece in the past 48 hours V In virtually aJl the raids the Americans worked in coopera tion with the RAF and were re ported to have caused consid erable damage The Crete and Greece raids were directed mainly on shipping The extent of the damage there was unknown American flyers now are par ticipating nightly in nearly all raids over the entire middle cast battle zone Long range RAF fighters raked enemy transport columns west of Alamein Tuesday killing or disabling hundreds of troops and destroying 20 vehicles headed toward the front lines loaded with soldiers That night a British Exchange Telegraph report in London said New Zealanders stormed an Ital ianheld segment in a moonlight reconnaissance raid and brought back a number of prisoners The British headquartersRAF communique Thursday reported a prisonerseizing assault on axis lines in the central sector Tuesday night and attacks by longrange fighters on enemy supplies being trucked over the coastal road In the first air operation on this front combining United Stales army air force medium bombers The navy meantime termed the continuing action in the southeastern Solomons encour aging with at least 13 Japanese ships damaged in the vain effort thus far to recapture the bases held by U S marines The enemy landing in New Guinea circling around the moun tains that had barred an overland advance southward obviously in creased the threat to the Austral ian mainland less than 500 miles distant The landing was not un expected for allied observers have theorized that the Japanese would Japs Admit Warship Lost Off Solomons TOKIO From Japanese Broad has lost one destroyer and sunk a small aircraft carrier damaged in the renewed battle of the Solomon islands im perial headquarters announced Thursday It said the United States losses all inflicted by air attack were One heavy aircraft carrier of a new type heavily damaged Another smaller carrier dam aged A battleship ofthe Pennsylvania class damaged The communique listed these casualties for both sides since Aug 24 in an airsea encountci east of the Solomon islands which it called the second battle of the Solomons The Japanese press describee the Solomon islands battle as ai HITLERS DRIVE ON STALINGRAD SLOWING DOWN Reds Smashing Counter Drive on Moscow Front Gains 25 to 30 Miles From Cable Reports A powerful diversionary offensive west of Moscow and smashing allied attacks in the far east dominated the war picture Thursday to give a sharply brighter trend for allied causes in a global UHL TO ATTEND OMAHA Nebr Gen Frederick E Uhl chief of the seventh servioe command will at tend the graduation of the first WAAC officers class at Fort Des Moines Saturday domestic champagne against the manofwars khakipainted prow and said I christen thce Iowa May God guard the Iowa and all who sail in her The huge manofwar slipped Into the waters of the East river with barely a ripple and floated majestically under the Wil liamsbure bridge With water on her keel the Iowa seemed to nose downstream with an eagerness to get under way but was restrained by puffing busy tugboats which nipped and wharped at her hull Several more months of work will be required on her superstructure The Iowa was the first of six superbattleships to be launched Five Jersey Missouri Wisconsin Illinois and Kentucky being built in other ship yards Iowas keel was laid on June 27 1940 She is the fourth naval ship to be named after the slate reported The raid was bombers with a South African light bombers RAF and naval planes four axis nir bases in tlie Sidi Barrani and El Daba areas were raided Wellplaced inform a n Is in London who could not otherwise attempt the maneuver to get at Port Moresby the strongest allied New Guinea base 230 miles to the northwest Establishment of a strong nir sea base at the Milne bay site would facilitate Japanese bom bardment of a string of Austral ian mainland industrial cities across the Coral sea to the south and serve as a center for further counterattacks on allied positions in the Solomons Buna apparent springboard for the advance of the small Japanese convoy was attacked hy allied air forces with six Jap nese fighters reported destroyed and wo damaged Thirteen enemy fighters were destroyed in surprise attacks Tuesday Establishment some weeks ago of the Buna base on New Guinea was of no avail lo the Japanese in their apparent drive for Port Moresby Invading ground troops were stopped GO miles from their goal by the towering Owen Stan ley range Consequently they were forced to sweep around the 180 miles of coast to Milne bay The Japanese convoy was at tacked while enroute two days ago by allied airmen who sank an enemy gunboat and machine gunned two transports inflicting an undetermined number of cas ualties No detailed account of al lied losses has been released In the TulngiCiuadalcniial island zone of the Solomons a navy communique Wednesday disclosed that the big sea battle was still raging with the out come still indefinite Since the renewal of the conflict five days ago American bombers have set two enemy destroyers American American defeat saying licet approaching th th Solomons from thecast wa sighted nnd attacked by the Japa neic at 3 p rn on Aug 24 NichiNichi Tokio daily sai that the damaged American air craft carriers are obviously ships which were commissioned after the outbreak of war in east Asia and that the battleship was most probably the Pennsylvania which was damaged in the course of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and which meanwhile obviously had been repaired This was the first word from the axis side on the tide of the strug gle for the Solomons since the new phase of the naval battle began and the first word that a Japanese ship had been sunk United States navy communi ques have announced hits on more than 12 Japanese warships in the action including a large and a small aircraft carrier but have mentioned none of them as sunk There has been no report from Washington of any United States warship losses in the renewet naval battle and there is no con firmation of the Japanese claim to have hit two carriers and a battle ship of the 33100 ton Pennsyl vania class The Russian attack was aimed it unhinging the strong nazi defense lines in the Rzhev V y a m a Czhatsk sector and forcing the Germans to their Stalingrad Caucasus attack to avert a defeat in the north Moscow reports said that the red army had driven into and beyond the city of Rzhev itself with gains of 25 to 30 miles or more and that fight ing was going on in the streets But the communist newspaper Pravda warned that the war crisis was by TIO means abated and that rible danger threatens the lation Pravda described the military situation as most The Germans still were ad vancing in the south but their drive on Stalingrad appeared to no slowing down as they reached he areas closer to where soviet defense hicltly strewn the city works are be identified knowledge a started but said they had no battle had considerable nazi Field new that movement behind Marshal Hommers lines in dicated he was about ready to try to drive the last BO miles from El Alamein to Alexandria ablaze and pounced upon trans ports cruisers and destroyers of one invasion fleet forcing it to withdraw from approaches to Guadalcanal 6 Killed in India Tried to Set Fire BOMBAY Ill1 Six person were killed Thursday when troops fired on a crowd of demonstrators attempting to set fire to private property As reports of disorders continued to filter in the govern ment of Bihar province in north cast India directed that special courts be set up to speed the trial of those charged with crim inal offenses carried fighter out by escort The fighters strafed the town and airdrome Lashio near the southwestern border of China is at the head of the call line running from Ran goon on thecoast through Man dalay It was at Lashio that the famous Burma road over which supplies were trucked to free China began Wednesdays raid was the first by the U S flyers since Aug 11 when Yochow in Hunan province and Nanehang in Kiangsi were attacked Thursdays communique was the first since Aug 13 The raid on Lashio was the first by the U S army air force in China since it started operations July I Its only other officially recorded attack outside China occurred Aug 9 against Haiphong French IndoChina Buy War Savings Bonds and SUmps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Thursday afternoon showers night and Friday Thursday forenoon cooler Friday forenoon IOWA Not much change in tem perature Thursday night and Friday forenoon except slightly cooler in west and central por tions Thursday night MINNESOTA Slightly cooler Thursday night not much change in temperature Friday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 73 Minimum Wednesday night 60 At 8 a m Thursday 73 Rain 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 157 Minimum 42 Precipitation 02 This map shows the area in which Ameiican and Japanese forces have been locked in a large scale sea and air battle resulting from a Japanese counterattack north of the islands in the Solomon group recently wrested from Japanese control by American forces London observers maintained guarded optimism concerning the Russian Rzhev attack warn ing that U was too early to draw any decided conplusions III the far east allied forces were on tiic tactical offensive in most American air and naval forces battled the Japanese for control of the sea around the Solomons nnd smashed nt Japa nese bases in the southwest Pa cific From Cliina came word of a great American air bombardment of Lashio the Japanese north Burma base Chinese iand forces pressed their attacks to drive the Japa nese from the Chekiang air bases from which a bombTokio offen sive might be launched And in Egypt the British and American greatly reinforced girded for what appeared to be an immi nent major struggle The Russian trniy that stormed into CS c r in a nhclrl ilzhcv to ficht in the streets of he city is moppin up the area o the northwest and hastening south in an attempt to engulf the hiE German jjarrison at Gzhntsw front line reports said Thursday Red forces pushing south from ychevska were reportedly trying cut off the Gzhatsk garrison vhilc the mopping vip forces vere working through the area Between the wrcst bank of the olga and the important spur inc of the railway running from Rzhev to Moscow The Russian offensive which ilready has cost the axis more nan 47000 men killed was de signed to wrest control of the im portant RzhcvVyazma railway rom the enemy and straighten he line of defense west of Mos cow front line reports indicated Star stressing the importance of Rzhev quoted an unidentified jcrman general as saying Rzhev must be held at any cost Rzhevs the springboard they quoted the German as saying Time will pass and we will jump on Moscow Reports that soviet resis tance at Stalingrad was stiffen ing said the renewed vigor of the red army defense there was not based on the Rzhev suc cesses hut was due to the changing nature of the front there V 3f German field headquarters ad mitted that Marshal Scmeon T i m o s h c n k o s armies had ;