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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 26, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 8F ANB ARCHIVE 5 KOINES t A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LXO MASON Cm IOWA TDESDAT AUGUST 26 1947 This Paper Consists d Two One No Z72 U S EFFORTS FAIL IN GREEK CRISIS Highway Johnny Weaver New Monarch for Hoboes J J tL DICK POLLY PEP SECURITY ZONE OUTLINED FOR DEFENSE PACT Greenland Alaska Antarctica Canada Included m Draft Quitandinha Brazil 14 nation subcommittee of the Inter American conference approved Tuesday the creation of a security zone of the entire western hemi sphere including Canada Green land Alaska and Antarctica to be defendedby all American nations Greenland is the north Atlantic colonial possession of Denmark on which the United States ob tained bases under a wartime agreement The measure had the approval of the United States and was drafted by a smaller subcommittee to which Sen Vandenberg R Mich belonged Representatives of Mexico Brazil Peru and Bo livia were the other members Under the proposal any attack on the vast strategic area would invoke defense measures under the proposed hemisphere treatyof mutual defense An armed attack by any state against an American nation will be considered an attack against all American states and each one of the American states assumes the obligation to aid in facing such an attack exercising the individual or collective right of self defense recognized by article 51 of the United Nattoni charter the agree ment said agreement on the security zone specified The region re ferredto in the treaty includes the geographical area defined by the Panama declaration of Oct 3 1939 the North American conti nent Alaska territory Greenland and the area lying between one and the other The Panama declaration of American foreign ministers to which the agreement referred for bade European participants in World war II to perform hostile or belligerent acts within a 300 milewide zone extending around American republics south from the U SCanadian border In the Pacific this neutral area was broadenedto include the Galapa gos islands The agreement states that hemi sphere measures of legitimate de fense would be applied until such a time as the security coun cil of the United Nations takes the necessary measures to maintain internal security and peace Unconfirmed reports were cur rent in conference circles that President Truman might advance the date of his visit here now scheduled for Sept 5 He is sched uled to close the conference for mally Inside For NIKOLA PETKOV Russia Reject Talk on Petkov Death Sentence See page 2 Tough Examinations Due for Deputy Assessors See page Yanks Stumble So Do Other Contenders See page llj Mason City Property Taxes to Go Up 15 t See page 13 Mercury Sags o 40 Degrees n North Iowa By ASSOCIATED PRESS in the north xn part of the state where the emperature sagged to a chilly 40 egrees at beneath ankets Monday for the rst time in a long long spell The Spencer reading was the West reported by the weather uriau but numerous points had eadings in the low 40s The high Monday was 84 at Keokuk The cool weather hung on Tues ay but skies generally were clear s thunderheads moved on out of state Additional moisture iras received during the day Mon ay at several points including owa City J28 Lamoni 17 Cedar apids 10 Burlington 33 Dav nport 13 and Keokuk 09 The weather bureau said the 5 ay outlook is for continued fav rable weather along with rain anging from a quarter of an inch n northern Iowa to threequarters t an inchin southern Iowa Temperatures will average near brmal in southern and western owa and 3 to 6 degrees below ormal elsewhere The normal owa high temperature for the pe lod is 83 in southern Iowa and 80 in northern Iowa s AHhough the rams which swept cross the corn belt checked at east temporarily a 15 million ushel a day loss which corn has uffered during the protracted hot pell weather bureau officials said soaking rains were needed to re tain Mondays benefits No gen ral rainfall for the region was redlcted immediately As rain fell from Indiana to Nebraska corn futures prices on the Chicago BoBfwof Trade lunged eight cents the maximum ermitted in one drys trading while cash prices dropped several precipitation in the orn belt was in Iowa and eastern Nebraska while there were scat ered showers in Indiana Minne ota South Dakota and Illinois lain also fell in parts of the north west and southwest grain fields In Illinois a federal cropfoffi cial said the corn prospects con inued to decline at the rate of wo million bushels daily and the drought continued unabated ents Heaviest Weather Report FORECAST tasonCity Fair and continued cool Tuesday night partly cloudy and warmer with loca thundershowers Wednesday af ternoon or night Low Tuesday night 5055 High Wednesday 8085 owa Fair Tuesday night not so cool northwest portion cooler southeast portion Wednesday partly cloudy and warmer fol lowed by local thundershowers east and north central portions Wednesday afternoon or night Low Tuesday night 5055 north 5560 south High Wednesday 8588 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Iowa temperatures will averagi near normal in southern am western Iowa and 3 to 6 degree below normal elsewhere Nor mal maximum temperatures ar 83 in southern Iowa and 80 in northern Iowa Normal mini mum temperatures are 59 in southern Iowa and 55 in north ern Iowa Warmer Wednesday becoming cooler Thursday ani Friday and warmer again Sun day Scattered showers or thun dershowers Wednesday nigh and again Saturday Averag amount of precipitation wl range from J inch northern low to J inch in southern Iowa Minnesota Partly cloudy some what warmer Tuesday afternoo with scattered thundershower northwest portion Mostly cloud Tuesday night Scattered show ers northand east central por tions Warmer south and eas portions and somewhat coole north portions clearing an cooler Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic for 24 hour period ending at oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 70 Minimum 47 At 8 a m Tuesday 61 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 49 Read The United States Army Message Today on Poge 2 AS QUEEN FOR BRin FESTIVAL Woody Elected Crown Prince as Boes Meet for Slumgullion Feast largest crowd ever traded to Britt convention city the hoboes of America for 47 ears packed thestreets of this wn Tuesday as the long parade 71 entries wound its way hrough the throng to end up at he jungle along the railroad at the towns limits the savory odors of slum ullion fit for a a the air for blocks round Everybody was happy again in obodom And everyone had lenty to eat One steer 20 bush of potatoes 3 bushels of nions 4 bushels of carrots 1 aeon load of corn 25 stalks of elery 10 packages of rice and ntold amounts of cabbage went nto that stew And there wasnt nough left to feed a stray dog What a beautiful day it was ong before sunup the boes ere working hard1 on their cain aign speeches by the light of arly morning fires And by 8 m the crowd had begun to orm for the grand election which rings out more spectators than e average county fair By parade time at 10 a m the treets were lined with visiting armers and their families from Jhe large area around Britt and oncessionaires were dishing out le ice cream and pop like the ood old days of pink lemonade hen this conventionwas started round the turn of the century Highway Johnny Weaver ho calls Ashland Nebr home if ny place can be called home was lected king by 160 votes from onafide hoboes at the convention nd by wires from many parts of e country Scoopshovel Scottie famous midwestern hobo who has been ttending the convention for ears received 22 votes and Rog r Payne of New York got 2 votes ohn Prevatil of Lake City the nly Iowa entry received 34 votes At a caucus held Monday after loon the boes decided to name IxKing Hobo Ben Benson as King Emeritus because of the many ears of service he has given to he cause of Hobodom Dressedin western style Kins Weaver who is 53 and a saloon ianist of the old school won his vay into the hearts of the knights jftheroad by his playing of tunes made popular in the old days of he theater His playing on the stage in Iron of a large crowd of fanners anc lecklers won loud acclaim for his bo a native of Pennsylvania ivho has hoboed a third of the way around the world He has no f am ly and came to Britt in a boxcar In his campaign speech King Weaver said A bum does no mow how to work a tramp ha notime to work a beggar does no want to work but a hobo pay UN Calls for End to Fight in Indonesia Lake Success stecurity council called on the Dutch and Indonesians Tuesday for the 2nd time to cease fire in the East In dies hostilities The vote was 10 to 0 with Britain abstaining The action was taken as a re sult of violations of the original United Nations ceasefire re quested Aug 1 and ordered into effect by both parties on midnight Aug 4 Two other colonial Sorllen Photo ROYAL FAMILY OF they are in reverse order of importance but what matters that in a country thats free as its boxcars From left to right the new the bigwigs of hobodom elected at the Britt hobo convention Tuesday are Woody CrownPrince from up Wisconsin way Polly Ellen Pep the Queen from Cuba New York where she has a haven for hoboes called Rock Candy Mountain and High way Johnny Weaver saloon pianist from Ashland Nebrhis excellency the King ol the Hoboes his way and is the only dignified one of thegroup King Weaver succeeds Skeets Simmons of Detroit Mich who leveloped a heart ailment after iis election last year and could not finishhis regime In order to prevent such a catas trophe again this year also elected a Crown Prince Woody whbisnt certain wheth jr that is his first or last name jut who hails from Wisconsin and las been a hobo since he got out of the army in World war I He weighs a mere 200 pounds Polly Ellen Pep of Cuba New York who was elected Queen of the Hoboes last year for the first time was reelected queen this year without opposition She owns 30 acres in New York which she is developing as a hobo haven which she calls Rock Candy Mountain There were about a dozen ho boes in the field competing for thjs honors of kingship but the caucus Monday afternoon limited the field to 4 or 5 who gave speeches Tuesday morning Lou Roberts a hobo printer at one time who Is now with the Britt News Tribune was steward of the election He is a member of Tourist Union 63 which makes him eligible for the convention and he prints the ballots and pre sides over the election Although last years election got out of hand for the boes this years was considered very suc cessful with 200 Britt business men and farmers helping keep order M L Jim Britt of San Fran cisco was unable to arrive for fear of placing his campaign for sheriff in jeopardy by being ab sent at the critical moment Winners ot more than in prizes offered by the Britt Com New Mexico Base Work Top Secret Under U S Atomic Act Army and Navy Refuse to Confirm or Deny Reports of Defenses Washington army and navy said Tuesday that construc tion and operations at the Sandia base near Albuquerque N Mex are top secret under the atomic energy act of 1946 The services made the statement jointly In refusing to confirm or deny reports published in the Den ver Post that huge caverns are being duff in a mountain range near Albuquerque for atomic war defenses The Posts copyrighted mercial club for entries In the pa rade went to the following Com mercial the Tande Implement Farm Safety float which was one of the outstanding floats in the parade humorous Perkins Salvage company ponies Mary Ennen adult organizations Re bekahs youth organizations Lutheran Young Peoples float ju and Mike Tweedt the Junior hoboes bands Garner high school band Hobo Britt Commercial club General chairman for the con vention and celebration which in cludes the election parade slum gullion attractions and dance was Erwin Buck attorney Peter Sauer was coronation chairman Al Carl son parade chairman John Prit chard midway chairman Hobo Day is sponsored by the Britt Commercial club of which Kenneth Boughton is president and W C Harvey secretary story described the project as a superdefense measure The army and navy linkedthe Davern report with construction at the highlysecret Sandia base in this joint release On July 24 1947 the war and navy departments released infor mation regardingthe armed forces special weapon project In that release it was stated that the principal field installation of AFSWP is Sandia base located at Albuquerque Construction and operations at this base fall ia the category of restricted data under the atomic energy act of 1946 and are also classified military information Therefore amplification of the above quoted statement is con sidered undesirable In the original announcement the government said the armed forces special weapons project will discharge all military serv ice functions relating to atomic energy adding The AFSWP program includes training of special personnel mili tary participation in the develop ment of atomic weapons of all types and developing and effect ing joint radiological safety meas ures in coordination with estab lished agencies The announcement said nothing France and joined Britain in abstaining on the Aug 1 request for a cessation of fight ing The vote came after Dutch Am bassador Eelco N Van Kleffens warned the council that the cease fire invitation could not be ob served if the republic continued to incite the Indonesians to murder the Dutch and burn houses Soviet Delegate Andrei A Gro myko argued for the new cease fire order proposed by Poland Gromyko said the councils prev ious decision had been disregard ed Poland added that a fullscale war still was being waged on Indonesian territory The action wound up debate for the present on the monthold case The council Monday asked 6 ca reer consuls in Batavia to submit reports on the situation and ten dered its good offices to the Dutch and Indonesians The Indonesians accepted the offer but the Dutch said the council moves still were under study at the Hague In the final stages of the debate the council rejected a Dutchsup ported Belgianproposal that the council ask the international court of justice to rule on the com petence of the U N to act in the conflict Only the United States Belgium France and Britain backed the move Poland voted against the pro posal Russia which had fought it hardest joined with China Co lombia Brazil Syria and Aus tralia in abstaining of the physical Sandia installations at Maj Gen Leslie R Groves former chief the armys Man hattan engineer district which de veloped the first atom bombs commands the new project DRIVER KILLED IN AUTO UPSET Car Leaves Highway at Turn Near Lake Mills Forest Howell 57 of Marshalltown died in a hospital at Forest City early Tuesday from injuries suffered when his automobile upset at a turn on U S highway 69 5 miles west of Lake Mills at p m Monday Howell was riding alone in his car and was making a turn going south when his car left the road and upset rolling over several times The car was demolished and Howell badly injured was taken by ambulance to the hos pital Sheriff Maurice Monson who investigated the accident found that Howell had stopped at a fill ing station in Lake Mills where he told the attendant he was on his way from Minneapolis and was to stop at Tipton to get his family and proceed on to Texas 1 Killed and 2 Hurt in Automobile Upset Des Moiiies man was killed and 2 others were injured in a car accident 2 miles east of Colfax early Tuesday The victim was Herman Frey 27a farmer living near Madrid Critically injured and being hospitalized in Des Moines was Steve Vignovich driver of the car Reported in fair condition in a Des Moines hospital was Matt Polich also of Madrid The Polk county sheriffs office said the car in which the 3 men were riding crashed through a guard rail and overturned off Highway 6 near Colfax LIBERAL PARTY LEADER WANTS PREMIER POST Griswold Stresses Need for Political Unity in Talk With SophoulU Athens effprts to mediate the deadlock in the Greek governmental crisis failed Tuesday when Themistokles Soph oulis leader of the main branch of the liberal party insisted that he become premier Gonstantin Tsaldaris premler designate had been trying for 3 days to form a new government Sophoulls 86 had been one of the main obstacles to success because of his steadfast refusal to enter a coalition cabinet to solve the cur rent crisis U S Ambassador Lincoln Mac veagh had conferred with Soph oulis during the morning Later Gen Stylianos Gonatas National Liberal Royalist party leader called on MacVeagh rais ing speculation that the Amer icans might recommend a coalition government under a neutral lead Such a move would leave the way open for participation by those who have declared they would not join a government under Tsaldaris Tsaldaris said after leaving the 90minute mediation conference that he had proposed a neutral politician for premier but that Sophoulis rejected the idea pro posing instead that Sophoulis assume leadership of the state and that his party take the portfolios of war justice and public order Tsaldaris said he would proceed with his own plans for forming a government Dwight P Griswold admini strator of the U S aid program In Greece called on Sophoulis at his home Monday night and an authoritative source said he had stressed the need for political un ity If the American mission is to succeed This informant said no pressure was put on Sophoulis but that Griswold urged him to help achieve some solution of Tsaldaris problem Sophoulis was said to have in formed Griswold that he was the only person in Greece whose name and influence could persuade a majority of the Greek guerrillas to surrender under amnesty con ditions While the political leaders wrestled over formation of a new government in Athens wide spread guerrilla activity was re ported in northern Greece One press report said 100 civil ians were seized and taken into Bulgaria in a raid on 9 villages in the Orestias area between the Turkish and Bulgarian borders Another 28 were said to have been taken in 3 other raids Twenty miles south of the Yu goslav border on the edge of the Vardar river valley 300 guerrillas engaged in a 7hour battle with Greek forces but finally were driven off after 138 houses were burned FELLOW HOBOES AND OTHERS John Prevatil Lake City Iowas only hobo entry in the quest for king at the annual hobo convention at Britt Tuesday is giving his campaign speech to no avail He lost out in the electiqn Seated from left to right are Highway Johnny Sorllen Photo elected king Polly Ellen Pep elected queen Harry Beet son exking David II elected Crown Prince who is in back of Hobo Ben Benson standing nametf King Emeritus Scoopshovel Scottie apd Roger Payne of New York Eaton Sees Powder Keg in Greek Rift Washington fP Chairman Eaton XRN J 416 nouse for SAME Black nnni train la put 14 eign affairs committee declared Tuesday that Greece may be the powder keg that explodes into World war III Taking a gloomy view of world conditions the house member who helped draft the United Nations charter told reporters the United States cannot afford to permit Russia to dominate Greece Such a soviet conquest Eaton said would be the beginning of a drive on Turkey and other coun tries bordering the Mediterranean From there they could go on to an attempt to conquer the world he asserted Eaton was a leading proponent of the administrations 5400000000 GreekTurkish aid program de signed to keep those 2 nations from falling prey to communist pressures Although filling his observations with gloom Eaton voiced hope that some formula can be found to stop the conflict short of a shoot ing war Describing the Greek crisis as just one element of a bad world situation he con cluded The Greek situation contains all the elements for touching off a major war Perhaps we will be able to surmount enough crises perhaps some day we will even have a permanent and stable peace A common shrub in Wyoming greasewood a low plant used by sheepherders and campers on the plains as a quickburning fuel ;