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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM DEPARTMENT Of A N 0 A n r M I v C P I t NE 5 t THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents Copyt MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 26 1944 NO Z1I BULGARIA ORDERS NAZIS TO LEAVE American Armored Forces Smashing Toward Alsace Lorraine OIL TARGETS IN REICH BLASTED BY AIR FLEETS Allies Lose 78 Craft While Destroying 144 German Airplanes London 1000 U S Flying Fortresses and Liberators carried the smashing new aerial offensive against Europe through the 3rd straight day Saturday most them battering oil tar gets in Germany Others dealt the besieged Brit tany port of Brest its 3rd pound ing in 36 hours Up to 750 heavy bombers with many escorting fighters ranged over northwest and southwest Germany in a 3rd consecutive i blow at Hitlers oil plants The daylight blows followed overnight operations in Franco and Germany by 1400 RAF bombers and 6450 flights Friday from British and French bases Targets Saturday included the ScholvanBuer and Nordstern synthetic oil plants Gelsenkir chei an oil refinery at Emmerich near the Dutch border an oil fin ishing plant at Salzbergen west of Osnabruck and synthetic oil fa cilities at Ludwigshafen near the Swiss border German batteries and fortified positions at Brest were attacked by up to 250 Liberators and Fly ing Fortresses aiding ground as saults to crush resistance in the big Atlantic port Brests defenses were drenched Friday night by 1350 tons of explosives of the RAF Clear weather over France and Germany enabled both American air task forces Saturday to drop their bombs visually In another concentrated attack before dawn the RAF dumped nearly 1700 tons of bombs on the Opel Motor Works at Russelsheim between Mainz and Frankfurt Others smackedflying bomb launching sites and a rocket depot in northern France the rail and industrial town of Darmstadt in the Upper Hhineland and Mos quitoes unloaded 2ton blockbust ers on Berlin The RAF lost 27 planes during the night The allied air forces lost 78 planes in their extensive opera tions Friday and throughout the night These included 17 bombers 7 fighters for the U S 8th air force and 19 planes for the U S 9th air force Against their losses the allies tallied 144 German aircraft de Red Troops Speeding for Bucharest Moscow troops were reported turning on the Germans killing and taking them prisoner as the red army sped through the Galati gap Saturday toward Bucharest at a pace which if maintained would carry soviet spearheads to the Romanian cap ital by Sunday night The charging Russian troops last were reported little more than 100 miles from Bucharest and barely 75 from the Ploesti oil fields The Si ret river was crossed 20 miles south of captured Tecuci A Red Star dispatch said pitched battle between the Ro manians and Germans was wit nessed by soviet forces In this fight the first reported episode here of the Romanians carrying out their announced in tention to fight with the united nations the Romanians captured 360 Germans Red Star said the fight occurred beyond Tirguniamu where the en emy had gathered on a line of 200 pillboxes The Germans and Romanians both had been fighting the Rus sians They were both on the sov iet right German division and a Romanian regiment The dispatch made clear the Romanians attacked their former comrades in arms after the divi sion was badly mauled by the NAZIS IN NORTH FRANCE ARE IN PERIL BY MOVE Pattons Force Dashes Ahead at Speed of Peace Time Maneuvers By VIRGIL F1NKLEY Supreme Headquarters AEF American tank columns broke into the French railway hub of Troyes 130 miles from the German frontier Satur day and another armored task force was reported to have forced the Marne river 80 miles north east of Paris and entered the cathedral city of Reims cutting squarely across the path of the German armies retreating from northern France Tank spearheads of Lt Gen PARISIANS WAVE TO group of residents of Paris Friday stood in a street of the city to clap their hands and wave at allied troops who entered the French capital Associated Press wirephoto via signal corps radiophoto engraving by Kayenay George S Pattoiis 3rd army rum bled through Troyes Friday and front dispatches indicated lliey had fanned out far beyond that city racing northeast toward Al saceLorraine and Germanys stroyed in the air ground and on the The British air ministry dis closed that before dark Friday night RAF Lancasters and Hali faxes attacked a large concrete structure believed to be connected with the enemys threatened use of longrange rockets at Wattem in Fas De Calais Nazi fighters swarmed tip from their new bases around Cambrai Soissons Reims and San Quentin the 9th U S air force bagged Friday 51 ME109s and FW190S in the air plus 41 on the ground Ten more German fight ers were caught in the Bcauvais area One of the days kills was made at Dijon where 29 clumsy troop carrier JU52s were left smolder ing as well as 2 fighters The 2nd tactical air force alone Friday destroyed 269 motor ve hicles 56 tanks 29 barges 2 mo tor vessels and 2 tugs Both heavy and medium bomb ers made attacks in support of the Finnish fight for the liberation of Brest British Beau fighters es corted by Polish pilots in Mus tangs set fire to a heavily armed escort vessel northwest of Bor kum in the Frisian islands and left 2 other ships ablaze in the 16 ship convoy Typhoons and Spitfires haras sing the German retreat across the Seine saturated the lower reaches of the river with bombs and rock ets They set fire to at least 2 large ships which later were be lieved stink The allied Russians The dispatch said the Romanians were merciless as they slashed into the nazi ranks and that as a result the Germans lost many soldiers The continuating lightninglike drive through Romania has cost the enemy nearly 205000 killed or in6 jiays The annihilation of 12 nazi di visions encircled southwest of fallen Chisinau provincial capital of Bessarabia continued as the outnumbered Germans fought in dazed small groups or fled in dis order A Russian war bulletin disclosed that a soviet spearhead was driven to the Danube river delta at Ki liya on the Danube river 15 miles west of the Black seaport of Valcov The German news agency Transocean said Saturday the Russians were striking to cross the Danube delta in Romania claiming that German torpedo boats on the river repelled soviet offensive thrusts across the More than 550 villages and towns were occupied by the 2nd Ukraine army forces of Gen Mal inovsky and Gen Feodor I Tol bukhins 3rd Ukraine army as their 2 commands joined along the Prut river at Leoseni 32 miles west of Chisinau Tolbukhins forces repelled counterattacks by the trapped nazi divisions trying desperately to break out in the past 2 days He has taken more than 13000 prisoners and more than 40000 of the enemy were still believed to be encircled Moscow gave no official fig TANKS SWEEP UP RHONE VALLEY Capture Avignon Tarascon and Aries By ELEANOR PACKARD Rome armored oliimns capturerf AyignonjTaras Paris Quiet Last of Nazi Snipers Being Wiped Out London first allied capital to be released from under lie nazi heel emerged into comparative calm Saturday after a storm f patriot rebellion and a fiercely fought battle between allied troops columns con and Aries on the Rhone river and swung northward Saturday in a powerful drive up the Rhone valley ancient invasion route to central France and Germany To the northeast other American forces seized the fortress town of Briancon with the aid of French maquis after a 10 mile advance through the French Alps from LArgentiere to within 5 miles of the Italian border Briancon lies 20 miles south of the TurinLyon railway and only 50 miles west of the Italian indus trial center of Turin itself Except for pockets of enemy resistance notably at Toulon and Marseille nearly all of southern France east of the Rhone and south of Avignon ond Briancon now has been liberated Gen Sir Henry Maitland Wilson Mediterranean commander announced in his daily communique French forces waging a battle of annihilation against the en circled German garrison in Toulon further compressed the enemy pocket Friday capturing the mari time arsenal the fort of ColL Noire and CapeBrun Dana Adams Schmidt Unitei Press war correspondent reportei from Toulon that though most o the naval base city had been cleared of Germans the enem still was resisting stubbornly froi ah fleets rumbled across the channel Saturday in blazing summer sunlight and Ger man antiaircraft guns on the French coast chattered at them incessantly RAF heavy bombers late Fri day evening bombed robot launch ing sites and the nights bombing activity coupled with the con tinued lull in robot attacks indi cated theconstant hammering of flying bomb firing and supply points was proving effective Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette cantor boy 31114 t M3 ft atUUUWA 111J AiUU ures on how many Romanian Fort Malbou5quet dominating th soldiers now were fighting on the side of the red army against the nazis and Hungarians All sur rendering Romanian units were permitted to keep their arms provided they declared their in tention to make war on the Report Powerful New Red Drive N E of Warsaw London forces have launched a new offensive of the greatest possible extent northeast of Warsaw the German Transocean news agency said Sat urday quoting a Berlin military spokesman The spokesman said fresh soviet troops were thrown into the of fensive Saturday morning in an attempt to roll up the German flank above Warsaw and asserted that a bloody battle1 was in prog ress The climax of the fighting has not yet been reached he added The dispatch indicated that the Russians may have driven across the Bug and perhaps the Narew rivers northeast of Warsaw in an attempt l saver German commu nications betwcon Warsaw and East Prussia hampering troop movements on the 2 most danger ous sectors on the northcentra front The offensive also may be de signed to encircle Warsaw with the northern column linking up behind the city with another push ing up the west bank of the Vistu la from the Sandomierz area Saar valley and Belgian frontier First word of north for the the reported oastal forts on the St Mardrier peninsula Allied warships and planes con ombarding strong points in Tou on An American destroyer landed a small force of French troops vithout opposition on the Gien eninsula 11 miles southeast of Toulon after a heavy attack on he area In Marseille French troops consolidated their positions and attacked an enemy pocket around Dame De La Garde in an effort to complete the liberation of Frances 2nd largest city At the opposite end of the Rivi ra American troops pushed 4 miles northeast of Cannes and captured the resort town of An ibes 10 miles southwest of Nice Allied destroyers engaged enemy coastal batteries on the islands be low Cannes and started numerous fires including one in an oil stor age depot Several gun emplace ments were destroyed American infantry with ar mored support captured Avignon 50 milesnorthwest of Marseille and famous for its mineral waters after taking Carpentras and Cav aillon 3 4 miles northeast anc southeast respectively Allied headquarters announced that the Americans had swun north from Avignon up the Rhone valley part of a complex system of rivers and canals linked with Germany itself by way of the long and winding Rhine nd thousands of Hitlers Elite guards in the center of the city Gen Charles De Gaulle had ormally proclaimed liberation of he city after more than 4 years of riazi tyranny and supreme leadquarters Saturday announced hat the situation was fairly quiet although a few snipers re mained to be wiped out especial y in the Davron section Although Gen Dwight D Eisen iowerrs supreme headquarters had not yet announced the lib eration it was presumed such word was being withheld as in the past until the last of these snipers had been hunted down and the last nest of icncmy re sistance cleared or levelled Still lacking however was a complete picture of the battle damage when Brig Gen Jacques Le Clercs 2nd French armored thrust into Reims came from Ger man military commentators who said the Americans crossed the Marne Friday and lunged on 15 miles northward into the cathe dral town French Near Reich Given Allied Order New York Dwight D Eisenhower broadcast an order Saturday to the French in Alsace Lorraine bordering Germany tell ing them that already they arc in the rear area of military opera tions and may soon be in the theater of war the British radio said The broadcast was recorded by CBS The order from Eisenhowers headquarters which also was ad dressed to the people of Luxem aourg said The elimination of the Ger man 7th army as a fighting en tity has decided the battle of France The survivors of the Nor mandy battle and a handful of German divisions north of the Seine can at best fight a series of delaying actions on their retreat into Germany The areas in which you live are already in the rear area of mili tary operations Very soon they may become a theater of war In view of these facts I give you the following notice One The rear communications of the German army retreating into Germany will be subjected to bombing as devastating as that which preceded and accompanied the allied campaign in Normandy 1he people of Alsaco Lorraine nd of the Duchy Luxembourg re hereby warned that everyone vho lives or works in the vicinity of road rail and canal communi cations of military depots camps ROMANIATURNS GUNS ON NAZIS AT BUCHAREST Bulgaria Proclaims Policy of Full Nutrality in War BULLETIN London new Roman Ian government has snatched its capital firmly from German con trol Moscow announced Satur day night Bucharest the Paris of the Balkans became the 3rd capital tn be freed from the nazi yoke joining Paris and Rome as lib erated cities BULLETIN London Ankara radio Saturday said the German army had left Sofia capital of Bul garia and that the only Germans left there were 2 liaison officers London OJR Adolf Hitlers Balkan entente collapsed Satur day as Romanian troops supported and American troops in from the south and division stormed west with tanks and attacked nazi strongholds in the heart of Paris The Paris radio said the battle ended when the German com mander surrendered Berlin broadcasts denied that General Werden commanding the Paris garrison had capitulated and said troops in the capital area still were fighting allied columns and the partisans Allied headquarters refused to confirm the German report but it was admitted probable that Pattons rough riders had turned north from Troyes over the ex cellent hardsurfaced roads run ning through Chalons Epernay and ChateauThierry into Remis The lastofficial reports had placed the 3rd army spearheads at Sens indicating the Americans had driven more than 100 miles in the past 3 speed compar able to that attained in peace time maneuvers Capture of Reims would place the American armor within 50 miles of the Belgian border and completely outflank the German 15th army pulling back at top speed from the DieppeAmicns Beauvais triangle above Paris Coupled with the seizure of Troyes which apeared to have fallen almost without a fight the A m e r i can breakthrough into Reims imperiled the cntirc Ger man position in northern France and the line o escape for the naz forces in southern and centra France Official sources confirmed the headlong flight of the German I5th army from the channel coast and aerial reconnaissance reports said the main highways leading eastward to the Rhineland were jammed with retreating nazi troops and transport by American Warplanes turned open warfare against their DEGREES ARE PRESENTED Des Moines Dr Henry Harmon president of Drake uni or factories working for the nazi var machine must from now on reckon that they may be exposed o high level or low level air at tack at any hour of the day or night Take all precautions to pro tect yourself Two The Germans may at tempt to force you to build emer gency earthworks and fortifica tions Such constructions will be areas of special danger Therefore in order to prevent useless civilian casualties keep away from them take refuge in the countryside Take with you food water and warm clothing Keep away from the Germans and from every thing that may be a target for air attack Three The people of Alsace Lorraine and of the Duchy of Luxembourg arc further warned that the Germans in their des peration may become guilty of crimes and atrocities All perpe trators of such will be brought to trial You are asked to make care ful note of the circumstances in which crimes and atrocities are committed Your evidence will be accepted by the allied judicial au thorities when the time for set tlement arrives That ends this message dated Aug 26 1944 issued at the order of the supreme commander This is n member of the staff of su preme headquarters allied expe ditionary force erstwhile German allies and Bul garia proclaiming her full neu trality defiantly ordered all nazi troops from her soil Violent fighting between Ro manian and German troops broke out at many points centering around the capital city of Buchar est where Premier Marshal Con stantin Senatesens units were battling loyal army strong Ger summor session graduates at com mencement exercises Friday night Dr Irwin J Lubbers president of Stamps from your GlobeGazette main road from Toulon to Mar Central college Pella gave commencement address Allied warplanes bombed and flrmmrl Spa anfl Ain rafed the fleeing enemy columns urOUIMl O63 3IK1 rtld orces Drive in to Irtish Nazis at Brest strafed the fleeing enemy all day Friday and on into the night while other aerial forma tions piled theSeine river cross high with nazi dead and the BRIDGE destroyed by the retreating nazis so that it was of no use U S 8th army engineers further demolish the Santa Trinita bridge over the Thearno river at Florence Italy to permit putting up a new bridge This is an official United States signal corps photo vcrsity presented degrees to 54 wreckage of enemy tanks and equipment About 270 German trucks and 56 tanks were destroyed by low flying American fighterbombers and rocketfiring British planes a I o n K with 29 trooppacked barges caught on the Seine Fri day Allied ground forces crowded in from the west and south on the Seine pocket moving in for the kill on an estimated 90000 Ger mans squeezed against the river in a triangle measuring less than 300 square miles American British and Canadian forces linked up just south of Rouen and threatened momentar ily to break iniu that kiy rivet port while British and Canadian units from the west broke across the Risle river at a halfdozen points andfanned out along the Seine estuary within artillery range of Le Havre Le Havre Itself was reported a dead city and allied troops moved freely along the opposite bank of the Seine without draw ing fire from the big German coastal batteries there Swarms of German mine sweepers torpedo boats and coast al craft jammed the harbor how ever in a desperate and appar ently doomed effort to evacuate part of the garrison American and British war planes smashed repeatedly at the nazi evacuation fleet sinking a number of vessels and turning most of them back into port Below the vanishing Sein pocket American and French troops fanned out on all sides o liberated Paris sending armore patrols across the Seine between Corbeil and Melun south of th city and on northward toward th Marnc Supreme Headquarters 300 miles west of the ain front ground sea and air orces drove Saturday in to crush he resistance at Brest port on he western tip of Brittany RAF jombers poured down 1350 tons f bombs on Brests defenses Fri day night Up to 250 Liberators ind Flying Fortresses assaulted imilar targets Saturday For 2 lours Friday the great British jattleship Wnrspite poured 15 nch shells into Brest crumbling enemy gun emplacements into mpolence This bombardment was termed the most concen rated ever made in this war by j single British battle wagon Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Rain Saturday after noon and Saturday night Sun day decreasing cloudiness Fresh winds Monday fair and warm er Iowa Rain Saturday afternoon and in east portion Saturday night followed by decreasing cloudiness Sunday Fresh winds Monday fair and warmer Minnesota Mostly cloudy Saturdaj night with occasional rain in southeast portion Sunday de creasing cloudiness warmer west and south portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 72 Minimum Friday night 54 At 8 a m Saturday 54 Rain 03 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 80 09 34 man forces that attempted to seize the city American heavy bombers and fighters swarmed up from Italy to join in the battle for Bucharest and radio Moscow indicated that soviet troops were racing toward the capital from the east At the same time Bulgaria vir tually withdrew from the war proclaimed a policy of full neu trality in the conflict between Romania and Germany and warned Berlin that any nazi troops remaining in Bulgaria will be interned Further the Bulgars declared any German troops who attempt o escape from Romania into Bul garia will he disarmed and hand Jed in accordance with the Hague meaning internments for the duration of the war News of the sudden explosion in the Balkans came in a Russian foreign office statement broadcast by radio Moscow Saturday night barely 24 hours after Romania as the price of peace with the soviet union declared war on Germany and ordered her nrmics into the field against their former allies Moscow announced that Ro mania had accepted a 6point armistice proposal offered by Russia on April 12 and indi cated that hostilities between the 2 nations had ceased The Ro manian acceptance first was an nounced earlier in the week The foreign office statement revealed that Romanias expre mier the pronazi Marshal Ion Antonescu had been arrested and imprisoned in the royal palace in Bucharest along with n German military mission headed by Gen eral Hnnsen At the same time Romanian roops seized the strategic Car athian mountain passes leading uto Hungary and launched a eneral attack against the bat cred German legions falling back hrough the Galati gap before2 cd armies driving on the Ploesti iil fields and Bur ha rest The enraged Germans facing encirclement and death between he Romaniansand the oncom soviet troops struck back at Bucharest Moscow said the nazis at cmpled to storm the city and Antoncscu and their mili ary mission but were turned DTV by the Romanian defenders The Germans are shelling Bu charest with antiaircraft guns because they have no other arlil cry there nnd are bombing mili tary barracks areas from the air Moscow said Simultaneously the U S 15th air force in Italy announced that strong formations of American heavy bombers and fighters had gone to the aid of the besieged city The fighters pounded enemy troops moving through the sub urbs of Bucharest while liber ator bombers smashed at a nazi barracks 10 miles northeast of the capital and the Giurgiu railway ferry on the Danube 35 miles to the east which forms the only di rect link between Bulgaria and the Bucharest area The reported Romanian occupa tion of the Carpathian passes in dicated that Senatescus troops al ready had stixtd the disputed ;