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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 26, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCPARTUCNf OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES MOIftCS IA DCS THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 26 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE COSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS An SECTION OKE NO 275 PLANE SWARMS SHOOT UP FOGGIA RAF Raidsjterlin for 3rd Consecutive NAZI CRAFT MQCD C T111 i it Sunk by p nnuiurn m AERIAL FIGHTS EMBERS STILL GLOWING FROM MONDAY NIGHT Mosquito Bombers Meet Heavy Barrage From AntiAircraft London UP RAF mosquitos kept the nerves ol Berliners oiv edge Wednesday night with the 3rd raid on the German capital in as many nights The air ministry communique said 1 of Wednesday nights raid ers was missing Simultaneously with the new stab at Berlin other aircraft laid mines in enemy wa ters it was announced Meanwhile a dispatch re ceived through Stockholm said the death toll in Berlin during Monday nights bombing when an estimated 700 heavy bomb ers made a smashing attack would have been enormous if women and children had not been evacuated from the city W The dispatch from the Berlin correspondent of Stockholms Tid nmgen said every ablebodied person was mobilized for fire fighting and rescue work While keeping Berlin awake the mosquitos put axis radios to sleep One after another the trans mitters faded until there was a complete blackout of enemy Bombs Hit Turn on Lights of Nazi Airdrome London The Stockholm newspaper Snevska Morgon bladct said in a dispatch from Malmo on the southern tip of Sweden that travelers from Germany reported Jhat the west and south sections of Berlin were the worst hit Monday niffht although most of the cap Hal suffered some damage The situation was described as ca tastrophic A Stockholm dispatch also said that the Templehof air drome was smashed badly and that the first bombs dropped caused a short circuit in the airports electric switchboard turning on all the lights at the field to give the raiders an il luminated target A BBC broadcast recorded in New York by CBS quoted the London Times correspondent in Stockholm as saying that 500 000 evacuees from Berlin alone had arrived in Poland in addi tion to hundreds of thousands of others from Hamburg Most of the Berlin schools were evac uated to the Lodz and Pozen districts the correspondent said broadcasts for most of the night all the way across Europe BBC and 2 neutral stations had the air to themselves The pilots who flew the fast 2cngined mosquitos to the Ger man capital for the 2nd straight States Franklin D Roosevelt arrow The occasion Mlowwi the historic con Churehm o Hear Berlin Lives in Real Panic From Raids Of RAF Claim Resideitts Flee to Protection of Surrounding Forests Bern Switzerland livevs in real panic and many persons terrorized by allied air raids are fleeing to the protec tion of surrounding forests an article in the weekly Die Nation reported Thursday NBC Correspondent John Mac Vane said in a London broadcast that German government offices ore being dispersed throughout Germany as a result of the Berlin bombings Apparently the dam age to Berlin by the allied air raids was greater than iiad first been indicated MacVane said The Die Nation article writ ten before the German capitals heaviest pounding last Monday niffhl said Berliners eyes were opened by flaming red placards signed by Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels telling them to protect their lives and property Goebbels speaks with brutal frankness Die Nation said Oth crivisc he is powerless at the mo ment The wiping out of Hamburg is a terrible phantom making Ber lin a real madhouse The city is feverish packing es night reported that even from a great height they could see patches of glowing embers from the fires started by the heavy bombers ii S Monday nights saturation attack One flyer said that although the Germans might dismiss the mosquito assaults as nuisance raids Wednesday night we enough of a nuisance for them to put up as heavy a bar rage as if we were there in force Hundreds of searchlights slabbed the sky and thousands of rounds were fired by the ground guns during the half hour the planes were over the city he said Three German airfields and a power station in western France were raided Wednesday by American and British medium bombers without loss U S Bth air force marauders concentrated on the power station at Rouen and the Tricqucville airfield while RAF Mitchells wore bombing the Bernay St Martin air base and RAF Bos tons the one at Beaumont Le Roger A joint communique said few enemy fighters were encount ered An PCAF squadron shot down 1 of these Two British fighters were listed as missing from other patrols over France and Belgium the clay fear trunks packages and Dic Nation continued The war of nerves has reached peak in Berlin hitherto thought impossible Whoever h the opportunity entire possessions to the country to Bavaria Silesia or Vienna Freight trains arc so crowded that furniture shipments had to be forbidden A million children have been evacuated Berlin has become empty except for those who must remain at their posts Die Nation said some persons so S hours away from Berlin nightly while poorer persons go lesser distances Others stay near the Ticrsarten ready to push into the best shelters there Eyewitnesses reported the Eng lish used neiv weapons of artifi cial fire coal dust sulphur and phosphorous followed by incen diaries making a terrible explo sion comparable only to coal mine fire damp catastrophes the ar ticle went on They also said the flak towers do not function properly because the English dropping small metal plates cause the sensitive hearin apparatus to vibrate constantly and make accurate aiming diffi cult Report Antonescu to Confer With Hitler Stockholm Mar shal Ion Antonescu of Rumania left Bucharest Wedncsdav for Adolf Hitlers headquarters presumably to help draft plans for the defense of Balkans against in vasion the newspaper Svcnska Dagbladel said Thursday King Boris of Bulgaria was said to have arrived at Hitlers headquarters 2 LARGE MINES ARE SHUT DOWN Miners Dissatisfied With WLB Decision Bellaire Ohio large mines in this eastern Ohio coal belt closed Thursday as miners walked out in protest against what a mine official said was dis satisfaction with a war labor board decision denying portalto portal pay More than 1000 men left the mine operated by the Nazi Troops Fire Volley at Crowd in Copenhagen Market Strikes Spread Despite Influx of Soldiers Gestapo to Denmark w mm mm mmf m Nazi Destroyers Posvhatan Powhatan Mining company arid m ex the 550 quit at the Dungleii pit op erated by the Hanna Coal com pany Roy Fox superintendent at Powhatan said the men reported on the midnight and 8 a shifts but went home after pressing dissatisfaction with WLBs mine decision All other mines in the area were reported working 2 MORE MINES IN ALABAMA SHUT DOWN Birmingham Ala Al abama coal mines employing ap proximately 700 men were shut down Thursday in protest against the war labor board decision dcnv ing porlFiltopottal pay William Mitch dilrict presi dent of the Unitecf Mine Workers of America said he was urging all miners to sUiy on their jobs and would attempt to get the idle men back to work immediately Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette Stockholm sol diers sped into Denmark to stamp out the peoples revolt against uazi occupation fired a volley ot shots during a disturb ance in a crowded Copenhagen market place Wednesday night the Stockholm newspaper Afton blndet said Thursday Despite the influx or troops and jjestapo the general strikes spread to the harbor cities of Helsitigor and Vcjle crippling German shipping and boat building and he state of emer gency was extended to a 7th city Roskitde Stories of the shooting said to have occurred in the rtaadhus Plndsen in the center or Copen machineguns were reported spotted at strategic from traveler s reaching Malmo They were un able to find out whether there had been any casualties the paper said Production materials for nazi submarines and other war ships were disrupted when according to the Stockholm newspaper Dagens Nyheter GOOO workers struck Monday at the important Burmeisleimain works in Copen hagen No official casualty figures were available but unofficial and scattered reports indicated that aboutsgo persons have been killed and 150 injured in between the Danes and Gcr mans and as a result of sabotage since Augr 16 A critical food shortage devel oped in the city of Frederkia as a result of transport difficulties due to the blasting of railway lines in that area One Stockholm newspaper Alle handa speculated whether the Germans planned to iiislihstc flat military control over all Den mark intern King Christian and strip the Danish government of its powers German Iroops and members of the gastapo moved into Roskilde reputedly to help the Danish au thorities enforce the emergency regulations Six other major Danish cities were placed under such a decree early this week Buy Har Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GIotteGarette carrier boy Meanwhile con tinued to bristle with nazi mili tary might as tension grew in the capital city of the angered Danes Before dawn on Aug 21 Janre contingents of soldiers started moving into the city in tanks and armored cars and they still were reported arriving Wednesday even as Dan ish saboteurs blasted some buildings where they were to have been quartered First reports said there 40000 German soldiers in tiic city but the latest information from Denmark is that Ihere are only about onefourth that num ber most of them young recruits with some veterans of the eastern front German Ambassador Werner Best met Wednesday with Danish to confer on ways of halting the revolt but there has been no information concerning the outcome of their discussions OFFENSIVE FOR BURMA SEEN IN ALLIES PLANS Mountbatten to Lead Forces in Land Sea and Air Operations By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Appointment of Lord Louis Mountbalten warriorchief of British combined operations as supreme allied commander in southeastern Asia was widely interpreted Thursday as fore shadowing hind sea and air oper ations against the Japanese in Burma A prime objective would be to ease the burden borne by China and open the Burma road to strike knockout blows at Japan itself MountbaUen second cousin of King George VI was due in Wash ington Thursday to begin plan was the first action o the His selection translation into Quebec strategy conferences and his command presumably would work in cooperation with that of Gen Douglas MacArlhur launching an offensive from India or Ceylon in coordination with MacArtlmrs southwestern Pa cific push JlacArffmrs jungle troops now arc within a mile of sala maua airfield on New Guinea and his communique Thursday reported uo major actions cither there or on New Georgia in the Solomons Bad weather ground ed planes U S 1UU air force bombers hit hard again at Japanese air dromes at Hankow and nearby Wushan Tuesday starting great fires and knocking down at least 13 zero fighters Two liberators were lost Tokyo said that 10 American planes were downed at Hankow and that some 20 allied planes tried to raid Hongkong Wednesday but succeeded only in dropping n few bombs from high altitude The Chinese high command re ported u raid on Fuyang in northern Chekiang province some 14 miles west of Hanchow Sev eral hundred Japanese were killed or wounded and defense works destroyed by Chinese troops Stockholm German destroyers sank 2 Swedish boats in the North sea off the northwest up of Denmark Wednesday night the Swedish news agency reported m a Gothenburg dispatch Thurs day A foreign office spokesman said that if the attack occurred the Swedish government would re gard it as an extremely serious affair and the worst iii a series of incidents involving Germany since the sinking of the Swedish submarine Ulvcn April IB Accounts from Gothenburg said 12 Swedes might have lost their liics when the boats went clown under the attack wreathed in llamcs Returning fishermen said the destroyers struck from a range of about 50 yards although the boiits were flying the Swedish flag and had blue and gold Swed ish insignia painted on the sides The fishing craft were operat ing close together in international waters it was said f Sweden ordered cessation of the movement of German troops and supplies by railroad across her neutral soil between Germany mid Norway and Finland only this month The traffic had gone on years The submarine Ulven was sunk witli a crew of tiS during spring maneuvers off Marstrand in the Kattegat and divers who in spcclcd the hull reported May 21 she apparently was destroyed bv a mine Sweden was at the time await ing Berlins reply to her protests that nazi mines had been found in Swedish territorial waters Other incidents have involved botli ships and planes lhat later Chungking evacuated said the town A Japanese propaganda broad cast utterly without allied con firmation said nine allied cruisers mid II destroyers had been sunk and 8JG planes destroyed in the Solomons between June 30 and Aug 25 Tokyo whooped the al leged toll higher by adding that 4 more cruisers 8 destroyers and 78 planes were damaged A t Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cooler Thursday af ternoon and Thursday night Not much change in tempera ture Friday forenoon Iowa showers and thunderstorms Thursday afternoon and Thurs day night and in east portion Friday forenoon Cooler Thurs day night and in south portion Friday forenoon Minnesota Showers Thursday afternoon and in north and east portions Thursday night and Friday forenoon Cooler in west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 80 Minimum Wednesday night 6fl At 8 a m Thursday 69 Rain measuring 34 of oh inch which fell Wednesday morning after 8 oclock made a grand total of 612 inches FO fnr for August YKAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 33 Precipitation 32 GILGHRIST WILL AGAIN SEEK POST Announces Candidacy for ReElection Lauren UV frcd C Gilchrist republican Thursday announced he will be a candidate for reelec tion next year as representative in congress for the new Bth dis trict He formerly represented the old Bth district He is the 1st fova congressman to make a formal announcement of candidacy He said it was under standing that every member ot the Iowa delegation in congress xvill seek reelection Gilchrist said republican pros pects in Iowa and the could scarcely be better nation Gilchrist 75 lived part of his boyhood in Mason City where his father served as superintendent of schools before going to Cedar Falls where he became first president of Iowa State Teachers college IOWAV ON KISKA Kiska Harbor Kiska PiPfc Don jYederhus of Perry lowa is Tank Battles Rage Between Reds Nazis Moscow Russian and German tanks wore reported locked in a crucial battle Thurs day along the right bank of the Vorsklu river less than 20 miles north of poltavn Ukrainian bas tion guarding the approaches lo the Dnieper river Northwest of bypassed Pol tava key stronghold between Kharkov and the Dnieper an other armored struggle was in progress Field dispatches re porting the battles indicated their outcome determine control of the Ukraine northeast of the Dnieper bend An imminent threat to the Ger man position was posed by a Russian push through Zonkov to within 25 miles of the Poltava Kiev railroad Advanced eiemenls of the soviet forces slashing through the Ukraine were about 170 miles from Kiev the provin cial capital German urmored units met the Russian tank columns north and northwest of Poltava after parallel soviet advances averaging 35 miles southwest of the Kharkov railroad The column which Sumy occupied Oposhnya on the right bank of the Vorskla appeared to have been slowed down by counterblows but ihc one northwest of Poltava made a rapid breakthrough crossing 2 waterlincs The Ger mans were counterattacking vici ously in an effort to block the thrust at the PoltavaKiev rail road The red army achieved its westernmost penetration of the Ukraine since IDtl with the capture of the flour milling center of Zenkov on llic Khar kovKonolop highway Si miles west northwest of Kharkov anil 101 miles west southwest nf BelKorod the slarlinc point of the Ukrainian offensive From Zcnkov the red army can strike southward against Poltava 43 miles away or continue almost due west toward Kiev More than 1000 Germans were killed and 17 tanks wrecked in the fighting for Zcnkov a town of 11000 persons Altogether more than 60 towns and villages were captured by the Russians in broaci advances north west of Kharkov while new gains also were reported west of Khar kov southwest of Izyum and west of Mius river all in the Ukraine Some 4500 Germans were killed and 98 tanks wrecked in the past 24 hours SFRGEAXT KIIIKD which landed here and was disI killed in action Tn the FSn r appointed to find the JBP had nounccd Thursday Lightning Fighters Hedgehop Across Italy in Sensational Raid By UELJIAN MOKIN Allied Headquarters In North Africa swarms ot lightning fighters hedgehopped all the way across Italy and shot up ground defenses at Foggia Wednesday preparing the way for the nilAmerican wrecking of the airdrome and 10 satellite fields by 3 waves of flying fortresses and liberators The lightnings were specially equipped for the longdistance run to Foggia southeast ot Naples and on the Adriatic side of the peninsula Twentysix enemy planes were shot down in combat and allied sweeps over southern Italy and scores of others were knocked to pieces on the ground Going the whole distance at an altitude of less than 100 feet the lightning pilots said Italians along the route waved and cheered as they passed The treetop level flight threw the whole Foggia area into con fusion outwitting axis ground defenses and snarling the enemys detection apparatus RAF and Canadian Wellingtons followed the Foggia raids by imashing at the freight yards at Taranto before dawn Thursday morning Rear gunners saw bursts and fires across the targets at this important naval base and railway control point despite a smoke screen which started drifting across the objectives Other RAF Halifaxes and lib erators from the middle east the preceding night attacked the rail way yards at Crotone on the Gulf nf Taranto starting many fires and damaging a chemical plant TJie FoRKia raid was the 1st in his theater in which fight ers in such strength had flown so far and at such low level the distance is about HO miles round trip from the nearest air dromes in V The lightnings arriving over Foggia airdrome found it well stocked with parked aircraft and some formations headed for the planes with cannon and machine guns blazing and riddled the closepacked groups before a shot could be fired at them Ground crews and air crews scattered in all directions and the fighters machineguns cut them down before they could reach shelter Some threw rocks and fired pistols wildly at the lowflying machines which swept by un liarmed in deadly automatic pre cision spaced in successive waves to 10 minutes apart Some German fighters at cmnlcd to get into the air after the 1st formation swept over but few if any made it Then came the armadas of for tresses and liberators The libera tors from the middle east made for the railway freight yards but while the antiaircraft crews were still dazed from the ter rific strafing the fortresses plas tered the airdrome target with heavy bombs As a result of the surprise the lightnings met few fighters and knocked down 3 The fortresses bored through 60 to ICO Messerschmitt and Macchi fighters and destroyed 16 The liberators got 7 more for a total of 2G The total allied losses for the rlny were 15 none from the middle east The reappearance of the Ger man air force in the Kalian skies after its complete absence Tuesday and failure to oppose only the middle cast raiders on Monday indicated that the en emy had managed to reinforce his badlymauled squadrons The enemy has lost a total 175 planes in air battles over Italian railway centers and over Foggia since last Thursday The raid was described offi cially as one of the most suc cessful surprise air attacks of the war Second Lt Joseph Solfco ot Onawa Iowa a lightning pilot said About Ij of a mile away from the target I saw 3 planes parked olf my left When I opened fire 1 STV tracers ripping in and dust rose all over the place Imme diately after strafing these planes t seemed no end to planes they ;