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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 26, 1942, Mason City, Iowa M P rfPASTMENT Of NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VAT YT VTTT V UJI Alj V 111 ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIii LEASED WIRES E CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 26 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 273 U S HITS 13 JAP VESSELS Britain Mourns Death of Duke in Air Crash LONDON All Britain where the grievous message killed on active service has darkened countless households offered understanding sympathy Wednesday to her royal family bereaved by the death of the Duke ot Kent King Georges youngest brother on a wartime mission The Duke filth in order of suc cession to the throne died in the line of duty Tuesday when the Sundeland flying boat which was taking him to Iceland for the RAF crashed in northern Scot land Circumstances surrounding the crash of the fourengined 20 ton flying boat were held in strict secrecy but an authori tative source said it was in no way due to enemy action Fourteen of the 15 persons in the plane were killed and their bodies recovered The only survivor was the rear gunner Among those In the plane was Michael Strutt the Dukes aide and son of Lord Belper He is survived by his widow the for mer Arielle Frazcr daughter ot Mr and Mrs Joseph Washington Frazer of Detroit He once worked in Wall street The body of the duke who was the first member of the British royal family killed in an airplane and its first to become a fatality of war in a century was to be brought to London later An air ministry investigation has been launched into the crash which occurred in deso late country about 60 miles from the takeoff Tress reports said it was in an area where other planes have been wrecked Semiofficial sources empha sized that the pilot was one ot capable in the RAF Chinese Drive f D R PLANS 3 MAJOR TALKS ON RADIO SOON Pastor Sent to Prison as Spy Aid HARTFORD Conn Rev Kurt E B Molzahn Phila delphia Lutheran minister con victed of being a member of an axis espionage ring was sentenced Tuesday to 10 years in prison Sentence was Imposed by Fed eral Judge J Joseph Smith aftei he denied a defence motion lo sc aside the guilty verdict returnee by a jury last Friday and gran Toward Two Air Bases CHUNGKING h i n e s e armies were driving Japanese forces out of Chekiang and Kiangsi province Wednesday and appeared to have a good chance ot regaining two bases from which American and Chinese airforces could bomb Japan Japanese columns strongly supported by air formations at tacked Chinese troops in the southwestern portion of the North Central Shansi province The Chi nese central news agency said these attacks could be regarded as the opening of an offensive and said fighting was going on along the Tungpu railroad around Chao ching Linfen Pingyangfu and Hungtung Chinese troops driving toward the important railroad of Nan chang the agency reported cap tured Tunghsiang 37 miles to the southeast This was the 15th county by the Chinese in their present offensive in Chekiang ind Kiangsi provinces and left only one such seat Nanehang in Japanese hands Nanchang was imperiled by the recapture Sunday by the Chinese of Sankiangkou and Juihung re spectively nine miles to the soutii and 35 miles to the northeast Most of the garrisons of both towns were wiped out a military spokes man said Both Lishui and Chuhsien the two cities in Chekiang province which would serve as excellent bomb Tokio bases were threat ened by the Chinese A com munique said Chinese troops had stormed strategic heights at the Six Clergymen at Commando Funeral a new trial It Is apparent Judge Smitl One Address to Be Directed to Youth Throughout World WASHINGTON Roosevelt Wednesday scheduled two additional major radio ad dresses one of which on Sept 3 will be directed to the youth of the entire world The other lo be de livered Aug31 will be made at the dedicationof the new navy medi cal center in suburban Bethsedn Md on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the navys bureau of medicine and surgery The white house disclosed also that a forthcoming presi dential speech centering on the problem of spiraling living costs and inflation probably would be on Labor day Mr Roosevelt had said Tuesday he expected on before or after Labor day to send congress a message and make a radio address to the country on a plan now being evolved to combat inflation The Sept 3 speech will take place at p m eastern war time and the immediate audience will be an assembly of the inter national students service here in cluding students from all of the united nations Stephen Early presidential sec retary said BATTLE NOW IS ENCOURAGING FOR AMERICANS One of Attacking Units Forced to Withdraw From Action WASHINGTON navy announced Wednesday that Ameri can airmen had raised to 13 the number of Japanese ships hit in the renewed battle of the Solo mon islands and that one of the attacking enemy forces was forced to withdraw Revealing hat six more Japa nese destroyers and four unidentified vessels had been hit the navy also said that 12 more Nipponese planes had been shot down This raised the enemys aircraft losses to 33 that it was still too early to estimate the outcome of the battle in which the Japanese arc attempting to retake the is lands the navy said the results are encouraging so far for the Americans The 39 year old youngest son of Queen Mary and the late King George V was the most airmind ed of all the royal family His career in Britains service began as a naval cadet at his fa thers choice before he was 14 But his interest turned to avia tion and he served devotedly with the RAF The marriage of the Duke of Kent to beautiful Princess Marina of Greece in 1934 was one of the most resplendent royal occasions the century They had three children Prince Edward 6 Prin cess Alexandra 5 and Prince George who was born last July 4 and bears also the name of Franklin for President Rooscvell his godfather As soon as news of Kents death was telephoned to King George and Queen Elizabeth at one of their summer palaces the king sent a special mes senger to break it to the Duch ess at her simple Buckingham shire house The Cop pins and arranged for other members of the royal family to go there to comfort her The news reached Queen Moth er Mary somewhere in the west of England and the dukes oldest brother the Duke ot Windsor in the Bahamas Messages from all corners of world flowed to London Brit ish editorials stressed the death as proof that Britain from her highest family to her most hum ble was In the war to the finish Because of the wartime neces sity for secrecy concerning the movements of the royal family the funeral is expected lo be pri vate said that Molzahn took some part in the conspiracy to transmit American military secrets to Ger many and Japan Although there is no evidence that he gathered information he did take part in the conspiracy by assisting the leader in leaving the country and he also took parti in the conspir acy which affected the welfare of the nation He therefore deserves a sub stantial serious penalty The 47 year old clergyman who served during the World war as a cavalry officer in the German army and who won the Iron cro decoration fqr distinguished ser vice was one of five persons named in a federal indictment re turned June 10 His part in the government charged was in aicl outskirts of Lishui after recaptur ing Tsingtien 30 miles up the river from the port of Wenchow The Japanese had heavy losses in fighting around Lishui Seventyfive miles to the north west the Japanese were looting en circled Chuhsien of grain and scraniron which was interpreted as preparation for withdrawal The p r e s i through this dent will speak assembly to the Six clergymen of different denominations stand at the graveside in the Canadian cemetery at Brookwood England to help with burial services for 11 Canadian comman does who were killed in the allied raid on Dieppe This picture was sent by cable from London to the United States ing Gerhard Wilhelm Kunze Ger manAmerican buna fleeing to Mexico BLACKOUT HELPS KILLERS ESCAPE Gangland Guns Find Two Unwittingly Allies m New York Murder Germans Close In on Stalingrad YORK IP guns found two unwitting allies Tuesday night when under the double cover of a citywide black out and a lunar eclipse they spurted flames of death from a speeding automobile that escaped in the confusion of darkness and wailing police sirens Four bullets fired from the car felled Salvatore Maggio 36 year old suit presser as he stood near youth of the world everywhere in united nations and enemy coun tries too if they can be reached emphasizing the duties responsi bilities and opportunities of youth in the days of war and in the days of peace that wrill follow Early said an effort would be made through the army navy and office of war information to complete arrangements for men on naval and coast guard vessels and men in military camps wherever they may be to hear the chief executives talk The Aug 31 address which will be about 10 minutes long Early said is set for about p m eastern war time The navy will arrange for the program to reach navy units and hospitals at sta tions al over the world where representatives of the bureau of medicine and surgery are on duty Many of the united nations in cluding Russia the Netherlands and England Early said are send ing official delegates to the stu dents assembly China was unable to do so he said but Madame Chiang Kai Shek wife of the Chinese general issimo will designate her coun NAMED TO LABOR POST DES MOINES HP Glenn E Brockway formerly with the U S employment service in Iowa has been named chief of the labor supply section U S employment service social security board at Washington D C according lo word received here Wednesday Weather Report FORECAST IOWA Showers and thunder storms Wednesday and Wednes day night not much change in temperature MINNESOTA Showers and wide ly scattered thunderstorms Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon not much change in temperature IN MASON CITY Maximum Tuesday 74 Minimum Tuesday 58 At 8 a m Wednesday 60 Precipitation 32 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 52 The Rev Kurt E B Molzalm pastor of an historic Ger man Lutheran church in Phila delphia is shown entering the federal court in Hartford Conn accompanied by his wife Predicts Bill for Drafting Youths 1819 WASHINGTON Adolph J Sabath D III of the rules committee predicted Wednesday that congress would receive before lone legislation for drafting 18 and 19yearold youths for military service Sabath a strong supporter ot the administration said he did not know the exact time proposed revisions in the draft law might come but he believed it would be before the 77th congress ends in January Draft boards are getting near the bottom of the barrel in the supplies of men without families he said Congress like it or is going to have to come around to making some change in the law before long his parked automobile on a Brook lyn street at p m just two minutes before an army ordered red air raid alert set sirens awail Police prowl cars already were shrilling the warning for the sur prise raid alert test when they the alarm for the mur der car while at p m the earths shadow had begun blotting out the moon almost as if in con spiracy with the slayers With pedestrians running for shelter and both manmade and heavenly light blinking out rap idly police missed the killers sedan which was further indis tinguishable because it was black The 50minutc practice air alert was the longest city has un dergone The eclipse lasted from oclock when the moon entered the penumbra or partial shadow of the earth until a m when it emerged having been in total eclipse from until oclock Some excitement swept a crowd oE 10000 in Times Square when almost at the same time the lights went out a big airplane could be heard droning overhead One woman shouted This is ill but air raid wardens quieted her trys representatives Mr Roosevelt revealed Tues day at his press conference that he was preparing a plan lo keep down living costs by stabilizing both wages and farm prices lie said both labor and agriculture must make sacrifices tough sacrifices and that restrictions could not be placed on one without being imposed on the other President William Green of the AFL and Philip Murray chair man of the CIO discussed the whole wage stabilization picture with the president at length Wednesday but apparently re ceived no specific outline of what the chief executive has in mind reached no conclusions and 3HEADED DRIVE ADDS PRESSURE Entire Front Said by Red Organ to Be Regarded Critical By HENRY SHAPIRO MOSCOW German bat tle force of 750000 men spear headed by an estimated 25 arm ored divisions was reported Wed nesday closing in on Stalingrad from three directions despite fierce soviet resistance Soviet reports placed nazi ad vance guards less than 40 miles from Stalingrad due west of the vital Volga river industrial and communications center Frontline dispatches said the Germans are approaching Stal ingrad from the northwest west and southwest with crushing pressure that is crowding the soviet defenders into an ever narrowing defensive front One of the dangerous nazi moving down on Stalingrad from the was said to have been checked at least temporarily but there was no indication that the German push was losing any of its mo mentum The Germans were placed about 75 miles northwest of Stalingrad and 85 miles southwest of the city in addition to the deep penetration due west of Stalingrad Fighting was said to be raging over a rectangular front arra about 105 miles long and 40 miles wide between the Don the StalingradNovorossisk railroad and the Volga The red army organ Ked Star reported that at some points soviet German superiority in manpower armoredforces andaircrafi is in creasing and that He masses of nazi forces on the cast bank of the Don arc being reinforced con stantly The Jed air fleet has been at tacking both night and day against German troop columns concentra tions and artillery emplacements In one night attack the Russians were said to have left 35 fires rag ing inside German lines The newspaper Komsomolskaya Prava organ of the soviet youth reported that German reinforce ments chiefly Alpine divisions are now appearing in the north Cau casus Minneapolis Will Conduct CityWide Blackout Sept 11 MINNEAPOLIS Minn Mayor Marvin L Kline said Wed nesday the first citywide black out would be held Sept 10 instead of Sept II as previously planned He said the test would begin al p m and end 30 minutes later and that the citys new black out ordnance would be enforced Fines of S100 or DO days jail terms can be levied under the ordnance for failure to comply with black out regulations or instructions or air raid wardens Prison Ration RENO Nev city council looked at last months bii of S500 for feeding jail prisoner asked the judge lo sec if th inmates couldnt be hurriei hrough a bit faster Thrilled by Cops SEATTLE ask the police to make him walk next time Twice now pajamaclad Jimmy McDaniel 3 has scooted away from home before his parents awakened in the morning The last time police found him two miles away on a borrowed tri cycle Said his mother Hes thrilled to death at his ride home in a police car Were afraid he may make a habit of it agreed to return for another talk a week from Thursday Replying to reporters ques tions Green said that organized labor of course would want rep resentation on any top govern mental coordinating board which might be charged with directing a new antiinflation drive Asked whether labor was still unalterably opposed to the freez ing of wages Green said freezing was not discussed Freezing means rigidity and inflexibility he said while stabilization means adjust ments to meet economic situations and economic facts Labor always has been in favor ot stabilization he added HERRING FAVORS VOTE WASHINGTON Senator Herring DIowa voted Tuesday for final passage of the service mens absentee voting bill He was listed as voting against the amend ment which declared payment of poll tax should not be a pre requisite to such voting by mem bers of the armed forces Senator Gillette DIowa was not record ed counterattacks were successful In checking the Germans with con siderable losses but the entire front was regarded as critical In the north Caucasus the Ger mans were advancing rapidly be hind the retreating Russian forces south of Krasnodar It was reported the nazis at tempted to capture some important mountain heights before the Sov iets prepared their defenses and a1 one point almost succeeded in ousting the Russians but a coun terattack saved the position The task of the forces defend ing Stalingrad it was said was made more difficult by the lack of coml communications Three railroads radiating from Stalin grad have been cut and traffic on the remaining lines is ham pered by German air attacks The railroads already out of service are the StalingradMoscow line the StalingradNovorossisk line and the StalingradLichaya line which runs due west to join the MoscowRostov line R A F PLANES ATTACK TARGETS Single Ships Carry Out Daylight Raids in Germany Holland LONDON Single planes he RAF bomber acked targets in command at western Ger many and Holland by daylight Tuesday the air ministry said Vednesday Following up the daylight al acks coastal command bombers ought out enemy shipping and lit two ships in a German convoy of the Frisian islands vith bombs Tuesday night the air ministry said Docks and shipping at La Pallicc a port on the Bay of Bis cay were also bombed One bomber failed to return from these operations The British air ministry news service reported that a Hurricaoe bomber attacked seven German boats 2 miles oft the French coast during the night the pilot descending to mastheight and later seeing one boat afire In East Anglia 12 persons were killed when u German bomb struck a shelter The dead includ ed a svoman and her eight chil dren German airmen caused some property damage and a number of casualties at a south coast town in a raid that cost them two FockeWulf 190s Text of navy communique No 112 South Pacific 1 It is still too early to esti mate the outcome of the battle at sea being fought off the Solomon islands but reports to date reveal that our forces at Guadalcanal arc holding their positions in the face strong enemy thrusts and in each action have inflicted heavy damage on the attacking Japanese forces 2 During the previously re ported shelling of Guadalcanal is land on the night cf Aug 2324 Washington date our dive bomb ers damaged an enemy destroyer 3 The enemy force of trans ports cruisers and destroyers which approached Guadalcanal from the northward on Aug 21 Washington date was attacked by U S marine and naval air craft based at Guadalcanal In ad dition to the cruiser which was previously reported b u r n i n g fiercely one destroyer and four additional ships were left burn ing and the transport which was reported to have been hit during H B Quarton Algonan Arrives on Exchange Ship Tells Story of Being Held Incommunicado by the Japanese JERSEY CITY in the U S Wednesday after his arrival on the diplomatic exchange ship Gripsholm Harold B Quarton U S consul general at Kcljo Korea and a former lowan told a story of being held incommunicado by the Japanese Quarton who had been at his Korean post only 10 days before war began said he and Arthur Emmons of Hartford Conn his vice consul were confined in Ko rea for four months and then in Yokohama for four months They shared a trunk of canned foods during their Korean con finement he said adding that he was badly treated by the Japa nese and had been searched Quarton is a son of the late Judge W B Quarton of Iowa and is a brother of Sum II B QUARTON This was said to throw an in ner and William B Quarton both creasing burden on Volga Cedar Rapids Iowa A sister communications Mrs Lee B Nugent resides in Al Frnnt reports indicated that the gona Quarton has been in the diplomatic service for 30 year and was stationed at St Newfoundland immediately prc vious to his transfer to Korea this attack was later seen aban doned as the enemy force with drew 4 The performance of our fiKhtcr aircraft based at Guad alcanal has been outstanding As previously reported a strong enemy air attack on Guadalca nal during the afternoon of AUR 23 Washington was intercepted by these riEhlcrs Twentyone enemy planes were shot down Our loss was three planes On Aug 25 Washing ton dale Guadalcanal was at tacked by 16 two motored bombers escorted by 12 Zero fighters Our fighters met this force and shot down seven bombers and five fight ers Our loss was one fighter S The results to date of the battle Tor the retention of our foothold in the southeastern Solo mons are encouraging The communique stated offi cially for the first time that our forces arc using nn air field cap tured from the Japanese at Guad alcanal one of the larger islands I in the southeastern Solomons Dive bombers and fighter craft the navy and marine corps vcre in action some of them op rnting from the newlywon land nscs There was no certainty whether he force referred to as with rawing composed the main Jap nese elements By FRANK TREMAINE HEADQUARTERS UNITED TATES FLEET Pearl Harbor determined Japanese at cmpt to dislodge the United States marines from their offen sive base in the southern Solomon lands is developing into a large scale air nnd naval battle over shadowing tlc original marine landing well informed quarters said Wednesday A navy communique issued at Washington Tuesday mode it plain that the Japanese despite their heavy losses in the battles of the Coral sea and Midway had thrown an important naval formation into a counterattack on the Tulagi Guadalcanal area of the Solomons which the marine with navy and air force support seized in the first big allied Pacific offensive A setback for lapan in this battle il was asserted here might reduce the Japanese navy In a point where it would not be able again to challenge a United ;