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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 25, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS U1U1T VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 25 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One No 274 US Seizes Railroads at 3 PM Sunday Army Takes Over Unions Will Work Move Imperative To Protect Citizens From Strike Truman Washington President Truman Friday ordered seizure of the nations railroads at 3 p m CST Sunday Acting because of the nation wide strike called for Monday by two railroad unions Mr Truman directed that Secretary of the Army Pace take over and operate the roads in the name of the United States government In a statement Mr Truman also called upon every railroad worker to cooperate with the government by remaining on duty The unions have said they would work under government seizure In fact they have several times urged that the government take over the railroads because of their 18 months oldwage hour Mr Truman in a brief state ment noted that the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen and the Order of Railway Conductors have declined to accept recommenda tions of a presidential emergency board lor settling the issues No Bargaining with V S His statement went on In the strike situation thus con fronting us governmental seizure is imperative for the protection of our citizens It is essential to the national defense and the security of the nation to the public health and to the public welfare generally that every possible step be taken by the government to assure to the fullest possible extent continu ous and uninterrupted transporta tion service Accordingly I intend to take all steps necessary to assure con tinued operation of the railroads The railroad unions will not be able to bargain with the govern ment in an effort to raise wages or change working conditions Mr Trumans order said the terms and condition of employ ment in effect now will continue without prejudice to existing or the effectiveness of such retroactive provisions as may be included in the final settlement of disputes between the carriers and the workers Strike for Fay Raise The unions main demand is for a 40hour week without any re duction in the pay they now re ceive for 48 hours work This is asked for yardmen They also ask pay raises for union members who work on rolling trains As boss othe railroads the ar my is expected to designate a veteran army engineer backed up by a veteran railroader on leave from the Pennsylvania system The top man is Maj Gen Frank A Heileman who is the armys chief of transportation His as sistant for railroad operations is Brig Gen Andrew F Mclntyre a reserve officer on leave from his job as chief of freight trans Chinese Red Armies Move Toward Korean Border AP Wircphoto SOLDIERS RECEIVE COMMUNION American soldiers receive Holy Communion dur ing Catholic services a half mile behind the front lines in Korea portation railway for the Pennsylvania As in past seizures of the roads the army presumably will use the present management of the rail roads to operate them Mr Trumans action in the sit uation had been generally fore cast During the morning he held cabinet session for hours While the cabinet was in session railroadtrainmen and conductors sent to the white house a denial that they had broken any pledge when they called a strike for next Monday Deny Broken Pledge Mr Truman told a news confer ence Thursday that the strike call by the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and the Order of Railway Conductors late Wed put out within an hour after he had been assured by both management and unions that there would be no walkout The unions telegram to the president Friday morning said We wish to personally advise you that at the concluding confer ence presided over by Doctor Steelman in the east wing of the white house from 3 to 4 p m Wednesday Aug 23 1950 no mention whatsoever was made re garding the calling of any nation wide strike and therefore any statement to the effect that we had broken our pledge is 100 per cent false It was signed respectfully by W P Kennedy president of the trainmen and R O Hughes president of the conductors House Passes Billion Money Bill house passed and sent to the senate Friday a general appropria tion bill including a loan to Spain The president had opposed the Spanish loan which the compro mise reduced from or iginally voted by the senate The senate is expected to take up the bill next Monday The bill finances most federal activities for the fiscal year which started July 1 It is in addition to a supplemental measure which the house started debating immediately The bills total was below the overall requests of President Truman It was passed by voice vote The house vote on the Spanish loan was 164 to 80 An attempt to force a roll call failed Previously Sen Walter F George D Ga had served no tice that he would hold out against all attempts to write an excess profits levy into the 000000 war tax bill George chairman of the power ful senate finance committee is sued the warning as a new deal elements of the democratic party began to clamor for an immediate excess profits tax and other sweeping changes in the measure The Georgia democrat said if the senate should try to write an ex cess profits levy into the bill he would demand hearings on the Call 2500 of Iowa Reserve Des Moines o w a will have to furnish close to 2500 en listed reservists as a resit It of the armys call for additional men military district officials here es timated Friday See 50000 Draft Call in November Army Buildup of Manpower Aimed at Korea Germany Washington call for more than 50000 draftees in No vember is expected to be the next major step in the armys buildup of manpower With the end of the Korean con flict not yet in sight and an in crease in American troop strength in Germany under consideration a call of at least such proportions is considered highly likely The expected November call like the current program to give the army 100000 inductees by the end of October would affect men between 18 and 26 picked by local draft boards It would follow up an increase of 47000 announced by the army Thursday in the number of enlist ed army reservists to be called in voluntarily to active duty between now and Nov 10 Age 19 Through 35 The additional enlisted reserv ists to be ordered to duty are indi viduals who are not members of organized reserve corps units The quota announced Thursday brings to 109000 the total of such re servists facing a call to duty whether or not they want it In addition the army has prev iously announced that 8432 indi vidual reserve officers of the grade of captain or lower are being ordered to duty These are officers HARRY BRIDGES The army Thursday called 47 000 more reserves back to duty raising the national total to 109 000 Iowa originally was scheduled to furnish 700 men lor Septem ber Under the new call this to tal will be increased to between 2400 and 2500 and the reservists are scheduled to be in training camps by the middle of Novem ber Harry Bridges Freed on Bail San Francisco JP Harry Bridges in jail since Aug 5 was freed Friday on bail Federal Judge Michael J Roche acting on a U S circuit court mandate Thursday signed the papers mak ing the CIO longshore union pres ident a free man again while he appeals his conviction of perjury Twenty days ago Federal Judge George B Harris ruled that Bridges bail should be re voked on the governments repre sentation that he was a menace to the security of the nation The circuit court Thursday said the proposal Elsewhere in congress Carl Vinson STILL NO REALISM Detroit Muriel Hall Friday that she let herself be caught stealing a dress because wanted to write short stories with realism Mrs Hall 32 ex plained that publishers had re jected her writing for lack of real tm She pleaded guilty to larceny was given a years probation D Ga of the house armed ser vices committee gave the univer sal military training bill a shot in the arm He said that once it passed the senate he will rush the measure before his committee and try to get it passed by the house at this session John J Spark man D Alar predicted house senate conferees would vote to give President Truman the selective wageprice controls he wants group of 31 senators and representatives of both parties called for creation of a United Nations police force Resolutions to that effect will be introduced in both houses the 3rd time Ed ward A Rumley refused to tell a house lobby subcommittee where his National Committee for Con stitutional Government gets its money Chairman Frank Buchan an DPa said the full commit tee will meet Saturday to decide whether to seek a contempt of congress citation against Rumley Point Truman pro tested a proposed cut in funds for aiding undeveloped countries He said in a letter to Speaker Sam Rayburn that the cut would do more for the commu nists in their attack on the free world than hundreds of millions of dollars of their own propa ganda The reduction was voted by housesenate conferees con order to jail Bridges was improp further details er The Australian born Bridges was convicted in April of swear ing falsely when he got his cit izenship papers in 1045 that he was not a communist Red Guerrillas Hit Philippines Town Manila The Philippines army was reported bringing up light tanks early Saturday to cope with communistled Hukbalahap guerrillas who attacked an army camp 100 miles north of Manila A Manila Herald correspondent reported 10 soldiers had been killed and 4 wounded in the guer rilla attack which began Friday night and was still in progress early Saturday in the town of Tarlac The attack was launched on Camp Macabulus about one mile from the town The meager dispatches did not state the Huk casualties or give cot assigned in organizedUnits The army buildup also includes an undisclosed number of reserve units smaller than divisions 4 national guard divisions and two national guard regimental combat teams In announcing the new call lor individual enlisted reservists the army said that age limits will be 19 through 35 except for some specialists in the technical and ad ministrative services Priority Explained The enlisted reservists will come from both the volunteer and inac tive reserve Priority will be de termined by the number of de pendents each has and the need for their military skills Of the 62000 enlisted reservists covered by a previously announced call 32000 already have received orders The 77000 still to be ordered to duty will be called up in 4 groups as follows 31000 to report for active duty between Sept 15 and 30 13000 to report between Oct 2 and 15 29000 to report between Oct 10 and 25 4000 to report be tween Nov 1 and 10 The last group will consist of reservists who have had less than one year of active duty They will he drawn from throughout the na tion AP Wircphoto REDS LAUNCH NEW Korean forces A launched new attack on Taegu from northeast with main fight around village of Chongno Another enemy unit at tacked north of Kumwhwa In the south B reds and Yanks were battling near Tundok as North Koreans ap peared to be building up for a 2nd thrust at Masan and Pusan In the east C a regiment of two attacking South Korean divisions was forced back by communist infantry in the Kigye area Reds still held their bridgehead at Hy ongpung across the Naktong river sidering the singlepackage ap propriation bill Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and cool through Saturday High Saturday in mid70s Low Fri day night 48 to 52 Iowa Mostly fair and cooler Fri day night Saturday increasing cloudiness with showers or thundershowers beginning west portion Low Friday night 4550 northwest to 5558 southwest 5Day Outlook Temperatures will average near seasonal normals Normal high 82 Normal low 58 Warmer by Monday Cooler Tuesday Rainfall will average around i inch Showers and thundershowers overspreading the state from the southwest Saturday and Saturday night ending Sunday Showers again late Monday or Tuesday Minnesota Increasing cloudiness Friday night not quite so cool north and west Saturday mostly cloudy and somewhat warmer with showers west Low Friday night 4045 north 4550 south High Saturday 65 northeast 74 78 south and west IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m THEY BAKED CAKE Marshall Mich won 6 of the 7 cake baking contests at the Calhoun county fair Thursday Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 88 4D 54 90 AP Wircphofo NEVER HAD IT SO GOOD feet a comfortable baiber chair that had been liberated magazine and towel provide all the comforts of a home tonsorial parlor for Cpl Allen Wicczorek Ionia Mich who gets haircut from Pvt Harold F Dollar Birmingham Ala Both are 1st cavalry division soldiers resting in Korean bivouac area after Jong stretch in front lincs LT R M CARROLL t Carroll Wounded n KoVea Word has been received by Mrs Wary Carroll 221 W State that icr son t Lt Robert M Carroll vas seriously wounded in Korea 32 Lt Carrol suffered wounds on iis race and right arm His moth er called Tokyo Thursday night ind learned that her son hncl been evacuated to a base hospital in Osaka Japan He was operated on at the hospital and is progres sing satisfactorily At the time he was wounded Lt Carroll was with company H of the 7th cavalry regiment He arrived in Korea July 19 In World war II Lt Carroll served 10 months with the st cav alry division in Pa ific theater He was discharged June 10 1946 after 2i years of service He joined the national guard Dec 17 194G before re entering active service Lt Carroll is a graduate of the Holy Family high school and the Mason City junior college His brother Staff Sgt John Carroll was killed in action at Bouganville in the southwest Pa cific on March 15 1944 Asks Congress Draft Doctors and Dentists Washington Secretary of Defense Johnson Friday asked congress to permit a draft of doc tors and dentists up to and includ ing age 45 for the armed services The request was made in a let ter to Chairman Vinson DGa of the house armed services com mittee Johnson enclosed a bill drawn up by the defense depart ment Vinson introduced it in the house and said his committee would begin hearings Monday Under the measure the drafting would be in this order First those who during the last war were students in the army specialized training program or a similar navy program and who had less than 90 days of active duty with the armed forces These men were largely educated at gov ernment expense Second those educated under the armynavy programs and who served more than 90 days but less than 21 months Third physicians and dentists who did not have any active serv ice after Sept 16 1940 Fourth those who served the least number of full months in the armed forces during the last war Johnson wrote Vinson that so far volunteer entry of physicians and dentists into the military serv ices has been small He said that unless a way can be found to bring in men with little or no past mili tary service it may be necessary in the next few months to make substantial calls on the 29000 medical men in the reserve pool Johnson said this reserve pool includes men who had long serv ice during the war and consented on leaving military service to have their names placed on the list of reserves who could be called in case of need UN Troops Hold Reds Near Taegu Counterattacks Rage on Entire Line as North Koreans Shift Washington An army spokesman said Friday two Chinese communist armies have been moved near the Manchuria Korean border He also said reports had been received from official sources on the movement of 120 heavy tanks into North Korea from the Manchurian port of Dairen dur ing the last two weeks of July These reports also said that Chinese communists at Antung Yalu river port on the Man churiaKorean border had com mandeered all shipping and were mobilizing Chinese to move war supplies into North Korea Tokyo The allies counterat tacked all around the rim of the Korean beachhead Saturday They cut down communist penetrations north of Taegu staggeredan en emy regiment in the last Naktong bridgehead and slightly bent back both ends of the North Korean line The U S 2nd infantry division went into action for the first time as a unit It stormed the commu nist bridgehead on the east bank of the Naktong 16 miles southwest of Taegu cut the main enemy sup ply line and all but enveloped the pocket They ran from us said Capt John L Blackwell of Abilene Texwho led the GI charge They would not fight Eliminate Infiltration Gen Douglas MacArthur in his first midnight communique in several days reported early Sat urday that the allies continued to eliminate enemy infiltration north of Taegu It was in that sector that allied tanks planes and troops ham mered at two to 3 communist di visions which had wedged into the line at two places The North Kor eans seized Mt Pugye 15 miles northeast of Taegu and in a near by sector 24 miles northwest of Taegu dented the Korean republic defenses reported that about 150 communists the sole survivors of a big force which had speared within 10 miles of Taegu had been herded into a walled city about 9 miles north of Taegu Regain Lost Ground Counterattacking South Ko reans regained ground they lost Just Hurrying To Get InLaws Home Before Honeymoon Was Ended Van Nuys Cal had in huvs with me the xvhole trip Honeymooner Blaine Edlefsen Salt Lake City wrote Traffic Judge Walter C Allen after his arrest here on a speeding charge I guess that is the reason I was speeding I was so darn anx ious to get to Los Angeles and dump them off so we could be alone Feeding them was what made me go broke and forced me to go back home so soon Rules on Filling Kruse Vacancy DCS Moines attorney generals office has ruled that either the Floyd county central committee or the state republican convention can fill the vacancy left on the G O P ticket by the death of State Rep William Kruse RCharlcs SAME Black IU mennit traffic denth In 21 hours Friday morning The first blows had been dealt by a forward force of 6000 troops and tanks prod ding before a 20000 man red force It was the communists 5th try of the week to open a road down from the mountains to the largest city left in the allied southeastern corner of Korea An allied spokesman said late Friday the South Korean 6th di vision was holding back reds who drove southward toward Yong chon from positions east of the Kumhwa The reds turned to this route from the bowling alley corridor where they failed 4 times in 5 days to crash a cost of 3500 men Kumhwa is 12 miles north of Taegu Favors Tank Fighting1 Yongchan is linked to Taegu by a major road The battleline was astride a main highway and rail road running from Uisong to Yong chon The road passes through flat country good for tank fight ing south of the mountains All through Friday the 62nd day of a war that has already claimed more than 100000 lives allied bombers and fighters beat at the 10 divisions the North Koreans have around the whole 120 mile battle perimeter From the east coast to Taegu and south to coastal Chinju allied planes bombed strafed and rock eted the red troops Fire bombs were heaped on supplies behind the lines and on installations and airfields The main fighting raged east of the bloodsoaked bowling alley corridor near Kumwha The blood iest combat was around Chongno 25 miles north of Taegu and 7 miles east of Kunwi spreading the combatants over a blazing 12mile front North Koreans Gain On the sea of Japan coast 25 miles cast of this battle North Koreans stabbed down from Yong dok and shoved back a South Korean regiment before Kigye 9 miles northwest of Pohang port The South Koreans dropped back a mile and a half before a tank led smash by the reds The east coastal battle was touched off by a twin South Korean attack to the north from Kigye and the coastal Kunghae ;