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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 25, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DtPARTkENT OF HISTORV AND DE COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS1 UHV Cop MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 25 1944 I CocsMf of Two NO 27 PARIS HAILS ARRIVAL OF TROOPS 1600 BOMBERS BLAST TARGETS ACROSSEUROPE Hit Peenemunde Where Nazis Are Developing Larger Rocket Bombs London than 160 American heavy bombers with many hundreds of escorting fight ers and fighter bombers attackec 14 targets Friday in Germany am CzechoSlovakia while waves o other planes battered the besiege Brittany port of Brest Upward ot 1100 of the Flyin Fortresses and liberators flew from Britain Another 500 from Ital beat up 2 aircraft factories and airdromes i n CzechoSlovaki Lesser planes from the sout bombed 2 bridges northeast Lyon in southern France in th path of retreating German armie and knocked out a German gu position in an island just off Ma seille One of the objectives of t British based planes was the Pe nemunde experimental s t a t i o north of Berlin where flying a rocket bombs are developed Targets included 4 aircraft fac tories three air force stations a research center a synthetic oil plant and the robot bomb station Simultaneously 9 waves of Ma rauder and Havoc bombers at tacked the fortifications the be sieged Brittany port of Brest for almost a solid hour starting at 3 p m About 300 planes participat ed Gen Eisenhowers headquart ers said Elements of 3 German j divisions have been locked in the Brest forts for several weeks Peenemunde lies on the Baltic 110 miles from Berlin and has been a frequent allied target Re cent advices have said the Ger mans were develop ingtheir lv2 weapon there variously described as a 60 to 90ton rocket carrying about a 10ton explosive warhead Flying Fortresses and Liberators took advantage of their second successive day of good weather to disperse over Germany and bomb See Nazis Leave Robomb Coast Hitlerites Abandon Seine Line Aviators Report Roads Fromlf RAGES War in Brief By UNITED PRESS Northern re ported evacuating robot bomb coast of northern France and fall ing back toward valley of Marne and west borders reich French and armored columns storm into Paris to relieve embattled Parisian street army Southern France American forces capture Cannes and are re ported battling Germans 15 miles below Rhone valley industrial center of Lyon Russia Romanian troops sur render by thousands in face of Russian onslaught that has over run all Bessarabia and Mol jdavia and carried to within 138 I miles of Bucharest Air War American bombers I from Britain and Italy deliver double attack for 2nd consecutive day on Germany and satellites Berlin radio reports radio reports al lied troops landed on Mapia island 125 miles north of Mano kwari in Dutch New Guinea bu were driven off with heavy losses Italy Northern France Are Jammed iTiinnilPUUCADT With Rushing Nazi Vehicles mtttlUUNnLANI OF FRENCH CITY By VIRGIL PINKLEY Supreme Headquarters AEF German armies of north rn France were reported in full flight for the Rhineland Friday bandoning their Seine river line from Paris to the sea and the obot bomb bases along the AMERICANS CROSS THE troops arebout to enter light craft iniyuermail lorce others in midstream paddle their boats across the Seine river France in their drive into Lk oward Gothjc lme in are the interior The point of this crossing from a tributary was not named Associated 30 miles west 0 Florence Press wirephoto from signal corps radiophoto engraving by Kayenay ROBOMB RATE IS 100 EACH DAY Londoners Again Urged to Keep Children Out nel coast With their 7th army reduced rom a firstclass fighting machine of some 450000 men to a dis organized rabble of barely 90000 n the disastrous battle of Nor mandy the Germans appeared to be pulliiiK out of all northern France and mo vine back for a ast ditch fight on the borders of Iheir homeland The nazi loth army in the Pas de Calais area stripped of much its armor and artillery to re inforce the 7th army was report ed racing headlong toward the Marne river line and the Rhine attack by allied way gaining 4 miles and capturing I Broglie Between Lisieux and the chan1 nel coast the dominion troops also hammered out deep gains mov ing forward 4 miles from Pont Leveque to establish a solid 7V New Report Nazi Leader Has Surrendered to Brig Gen Le Clerc BULLETIN York German Reds 35 Miles From Galati Gap Defense Romanians Aim Moscow IP Two red armies slashing deeper into Romania against an apparently tottering enemy from whom 47000 men have been taken as prisoners in 5 days Friday were within 35 miles of the Galati Gap defenses such targets as these Wismar a bomber assembly bomber assembly plant and a bomber parts plant Lubeck a bomber components plant Rostock plant Politz a synthetic oil plant West of Stettin German force stations at Anklam Schwer in the Neubrandenburg Rechlin a German air force re search center The renewed grand scale stra tegic bombings which started at midnight Wednesday when foul weather began to lift have sent allied planes from Britain and Italy against nearly every section of the reich and its edges Keeping after the Germans evaporating oil supply the bomb ersadded Politz to the list Friday and crews said the results were good Bostons and Mitchells of the 2nd tactical air force bombed a gaso line and oil dump at Clermont in France and blew up a long string of freight cars at a siding nearby The Fighting French Lorraine squadron accompanied the bomb ers British and Canadian pilots ser iously damaged 2 1800ton Ger man destroyers fleeing Bordeaux Thursday night NAZIS PAY HEAVILY IN FIGHTING ASSAULTS Rome aerial combats over 4 countries allied fighters and bombers shot down 53 enemy air craft Thursday bringing their toll in the last 3 days to 155 allied headquarters announced Friday The ruinous price the nazis are lite UcllillL y the Danube gateway to Bucharest and the Ploestl oil fields The armies of Gen Hodio Y Malinovsky and Gen Feodor Tol bukhin obviously TAKING NO CHANCES on the outcome of Romanias peace bid through King Mihai swept up more than 550 cities towns and villages Thurs day including the Bessarabian capital of Chisinau In a lightning attempt to get a firm grasp on Romania before her nazi overlords can complete plans for counter measures the armies took 25000 German and Romanian prisoners in a single day and ent spearheads to less than 100 miles from Ploesti and slightly more than that from Bucharest Front dispatches said red army ankmen as liberators and not conquerors cruised through hun dreds of northern Romanian towns and villages followed by sweaty dusty columns of singing in the impact of troubles and trea son We do not want to deny that the treason of the Romanian king and his cliques is causing us some orries and difficulties and will ontinue to do so until the situa on has been secured again by rompt action as it was in Italy e said Diplomatic circles in Ankara aid Romanians surrender fol London robot bombs owed the failure of Germany to sent against England at the rate fantry Red army political officers car rying out the official Russian po sition explained to Romanian sol diers and civilians that liquidation of German forces in the country must be achieved before military operations cease and an armistice can be concluded Civilian populations literally cried for joy on hearing of a 2nd promise by the soviet government not to annex Romanian territory change its existing social regime or harm its independence dis patches said The red army has recognized the utmost necessity speedy ac tion in order to prevent the Ger mans from regrouping their Bal kan forces and overpowering Ro manian garrisons elsewhere in Mihais realm There were no indications still whether the Germans hoped to draw up a new defense line They are vastly outnumbered by the in Poland near the East Prussian frontier Balkans Reported to Be in Turmoil London Berlin broad cast Friday that German orces had begun a withdrawal rom Romania and Cairo heard they also were abandoning Bul garia as the result of capitulation to Russia The entire Balkans w er e re ported in a turmoil over Ger manys setback in Romania am the growing red army threat i southeastern Europe Sloyaki was reported to have proclaimei martial law and an undergroum radio called on the Hungariai army to revolt against the Ger mans Wilfred von Oven Germa home service radio commentate acknowledged in a Berlin broad cast that German troops wer pulling out of Romania where th front was disintegrating und promise military help against the lussianoffensive When Premier Marshal Ion Antonescu since listed returned empty handed rom a 6 day talk with Adolf Hit er Ankara said unrest spread hrough the army and peace dem onstrations broke out in Buchar est Faced with military chaos the army prevailed upon King Mihai o seek an armistice these sources said Gen Constantin Sanetescu he new premier was identified as a former commander of the 4th army corps and among Romanias 20 highest ranking generals of 100 a day have caused heavy casualties and shocking damage to property the government as serted Friday in a fresh appeal to Londoners to keep their children away from the capital Last officially announced fig ures showed the death toll was nearly 5000 It likely has sur passed that total The appeal came from Minister under savage planes Simultaneously 4 allied armies crushed in on the broken rem nants of the enemys 7th army below theiSeine converging on the great channel port of Le Havre Canadian troops swung east ward along the channel coast to capture Honfleur at the mouth of the Seine and less than 5 airline miles across the estuary from Le Havre and headquarters spokes men said the survivors of the naz army were penned into a box be tween the Risle and Seine rivers barely 15 miles deep and 20 mile long The situation was movini swittly toward a climax an spokesmen said it was quite prob able that by dawn Saturday the allies would be complete masters of the south bank of the Seine Word of the mass enemy with drawal was flashed back lo head quarters by allied airmen who re ported the roads leading east and south from Dieppe Amiens Beau vais and the surrounding areas mile line along the Calonne river coromander of Paris lias surrend from Moyaux to Les Aulhieux erell to Brie Gen Jacques Le The American thrust toward the clerc and the commander of the channel along the south bank of French forces of the interior Paris he Seine was reported meeting radio Friday in a broad tiffcr opposition as the Germans cast recoraea by Columbia Broad ought furiously to hold open the System ast remaining Seine crossings ijnjEr tcrms of the surrender orth of Elbeuf Fierce fighting German commanders were aged in the latter city which had ed to ccase fjrjnB immediately and inked their left flank with the Iritis 2nd army line near Conches een reported captured Thursday hojst th flaff The weapons will be collected the shortID n i FrPnrh Fi for Iowa has l 1 of Interior in Lyon FIND TEACHERS HOMES Des Moines age of teachers added a formidable housing prob lem for teachers in many commu nities in the state Jessie M Park er state superintendent of pub lic instruction said Thursday She said in one community each member of the school board had agreed to be responsible for find ing a home for a teacher of Health Henry U Willink in the midst of a severalhour lull in the bombardment and shortly after it had been disclosed that historic Lincolns inn in Chancery Lane was among the famous buildings smashed by the buzzbombs he southern rim of the pocket Allied airmen reported that many of the nazis trapped against the Seine without boats or bridges were attempting to swim the stream under continuous attack by owflying planes Below the great pocket Ameri can troops closed in around Paris from the north west and south while the French 2nd armored di vision raced into the capital to re lieve the embattled Parisian street army there Montereau 20 miles south southeast of Paris was occupied by the Americans and the bridge heads across the Seine around Me lun and Fontaineblcau were strengthened The Germans launched several counterattacks against the Seine bridgeheads above Paris in the Mantes area but broke off the as sault under heavy American fire The headquarters communique and the men gathered without weapons In a determined place until new orders are given the terras stipulated The weapons will be surrendered intact Captured German officers were led from the Hotel De Ville Fri day and police had to keep the crowd from lynching them said radio Paris as heard by NBC jammed with German traffic Throughout Thursday large numbers of nazi trucks were spot ted racing down toward the Marne and the German frontier and RAF night flyers reported that the flow of dark traffic increased after London forces of the interior entered Lyon 3rd city of France at the head the Rhone valley Thursday a com munique from the FFI announced Friday night paying in attempts to ward off at tacks against their Balkan millj 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian armies tary and rail installations includes i The Germans have been fleeing more than 100 planes destroyed on the ground in the previous week in Yugoslavia and Hungary Thursdays air victories cost the allies 19 planes Vice President Wallace on Visit to Maine Portland Me Presi dent Henry A Wallace was here Friday on a brief visit to Maine for which he disclaimed any po litical motive other than to boos1 the campaign of liberalism along if he added that might be called political However Harold Young his secretary said the vice presi dent was thanking people whc were nice to him in Chicago where at the democratic nationa convention he lost rcnomination to Missouris Sen Harry Truman Buy your War Bonds and Stamps fom your GlobeGazette boy n such haste the past 24 hours hey failed to demolish bridges and left some fortifications un manned The Russians said the nazis vere mercilessly killing any Ro manian soldier or civilian makin a show resistance against them along the route of retreat from the lower valleys ot the Prut and Siret Seizure of Barlad on the lasi Galati railway 58 miles north o Galati put the Russians within 35 miles of previously prepared naz defense along the lower Siret am Putna rivers in the 45mile wide gap between Galati and Focsani a the edge of the Carpathians Other major strongholds to fal Thursday were Roman and Bacau the latter 37 miles northwest o Barlad At the other end of the extendec eastern front soviet troops pungec within sight of Tartu in Estoni and edged within striking distanc oC the German bastion at Lomza For the first time since the bat tle of France began the Germans ignored the presence of allied night planes overhead and rode BUMPER TO BUMPER with their headlights blazing indicating the frantic haste of the evacuation Headquarters spokesmen had no immediate comment beyond the grim note that the weather in northern France was clear Friday and that allied warplanes already were ranging over the crowded highways A German DNB news agency commentator Max Krull tacitly confirmed that the nazis planned to fall back from northern France if they had not already started to do so Krull said German military plans called for establishment of the western front on the shortest jave no new details on the prog ess of Lt Gen George S Pat ons U S 3rd army columns vhich last were reported well be yond Sens and pushing into the outskirts of Troyes barely 130 miles from the German border Another Yank column was well beyond Montargis 25 miles south BULLETIN Paris fighting raged through the heart of Paris Friday as American and French columns drove into the city from the south amid a tumultous welcome from hundreds of thousands of Pa risians The first French column to en ter the city reached Luxembourg at a m The Germans the collaborationist militia and the French gestapo organization opened fire with machineguns rifles and pistols and the battle was on An American infantry column drove to Notre Dame at 11 a in in a spectacular ground attack to close in on strongholds still de fended by the embattled Germans and the Vichy French militia west of Sens in thrust into eastern France supporting This dispatch p war time was filed at a m central a Supreme Headquarters AEF French 2nd armored di vision has entered Paris proper I PaVPS RoiTlP is operating there the LedVCS IVUlllt at possible line falling shurt of the I thepapal court After Private Audience With Pope Pius XII Rome Prime Minister Churchill left Rome Wednesday after a 48 minute private audience that day with Pope Pius XII it was announced Friday A Vatican announcement said many essential questions were touched upon relating to impor tant problems of the present hour Churchills visit was ob served with all the splendor o supreme command announced at 31 p m Friday BULLETIN London UPI Paris was re orted firmly in allied hands Fri ay night conquered by the over helming might of American and rcnch armored forces and a mot ey street army of hundreds of housands of Parisian patriots German frontier The reported evacuation of the channel t from which nazi robot bombs have been spreading deatn indiscriminately through London and southern England since midJune came as 4 allied armies crushed through the beat en remnants ot the German 7th army with a speed that indicated the battle of the Seine had reached its final hours British and Canadian forces NOOSE AROUND NAZIOCCUPIED FRANCE TIGHTENS Reporteg new landings in the Bordeaux area an amazing stab into the heart of southern France and the an nounced liberation of parts of Pains by French forces of liberation accelerates the date of the allied liberation of all France from the west slashed as much as 10 miles into the nazi pocket be tween the Risle and Seine rivers while the American 1st army crushed in from the south in con verging drives that threatened to carry quickly into the great chan nel port of Le Havre Canadian 1st army troops pounded along the channel coast to the outskirts of Hpnfleur di rectly across the Seine estuary from Le Havre and within full view of the port while the Ameri cans last were reported at Elbeuf less than 40 miles south of Lc Havre and closing in rapidly RAF flyers smashed one appar ent German attempt to evacuate Havre early Thursday morn ing and an unconfirmed report broadcast by radio France at Al giers said British airborne troops had been landed near the port in the Seine estuary area Canadian troops drove from 10 miles east of Lisieux to Brionne on the Risle river while another col umn lunged forward north o Orbec to capture Thiberville and push on to the Risle east of Ber nay which was occupied in the advance The Canadians also moved for ward on the MonnaiBcrnay high lIt was a pleasant conversa tion the British leader was re ported to have told the Chamber Iain of the Cape and Sword A his car drove away from the Vati can a group of allied soldiers rec ognized Churchill and checrc him Churchill was accompanied b Sir Francis Osborne British min ister to the Holy See In one of the formalities upp the prime ministers arrival Swis guards in 15th century uniform presented their halbards a Churchill passed through t h Clementine room Thats n sight far away fro daily reality Churchill said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Intermittent light rain beginning late Friday aCt crnoon or Friday evening changing to thundershows Fri day night and Saturday Not quite so cool Friday night Iowa Considerable cloudiness with occasional showers Friday Vhrough Saturday Sunday fair and cool Fresh winds through BULLETIN With American Forces Before Paris pilots said riday that the highways leading Paris arc black with American inks and troops converging on he embattled capital of France London appeared to be in allied hands Friday night with the French 2nd armored di vision operating in the city Fighting however still was going on in and around the French cap ital Lt Gen Joseph Pierre Koenig commander of the French forces the interior said the Germans had barricaded themselves for a standoff fight in severalpi aces Both FFI and German broad casts said heavy fightinit was rag imr inside the city The Germans said the heaviest clashes with tanks and patriots were near the arc de triomphe and the palals Luxembourg French and American troops entered Paris and detachments penetrated to the center of the Saturday Sunday becoming moderate IN MASON CITY dlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 80 Minimum Thursday night 51 At 8 a m Friday 57 YEAR AGO Maximum B7 Minimum fifi Precipitation 83 city The final stages of a battle for liberation were in full swing and a joyous populace already was celebrating its freedom allied broadcasts from the capital de clared The liberation ot Paris by French and American forces is a fact declared an NBC broadcast from Gen Dwight D Eisenhow ers headquarters Brig Gen Jacques Lc Clerc en tered the city at a m broad casts from Paris said The bulk of the French cener als 2nd armored massed in the Pont De Sevres sector in southwest Paris and already had begrun to march in said one allied trans mitter broadcasting from Paris Gen Charles De Gaulle was said to be at Bagneux a south vostern suburb 6 miles from tha ;