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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 25, 1939, Mason City, Iowa HARLON R HIST MEM A ART OEPT of IrjvA cowp DCS wet WES I A NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY LTHl IRKJHT JKT t I i VOL XLV FIVE CENTS A COPY FULL LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 25 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS NO 273 REPORT HITLER DECISION MADE in Berlin to Fly to London With Message From Fuehrer NEWS BEH Paul Mallon Administration Tried to Delay Dies Probe adminis tration tried hard to stop the Dies committee investigation of nazis and commies but without success Administration Repres e n t a ti v e Dempsey busied himself with a plan to avoid these current hearings or at least to delay them until Sept 1 Speaker Bankhead dropped a sim ilar bug in the committees ear but the commit tee refused to let its prepared cases go to waste The adminis tration apparently worried about the effect of splattering headlines and red activities at a time when the European sit uation was coming to a boil They may also have had in mind the unannounced factthat justice de partment is conducting a secret inquiry into the question of whetherbund to registration under law requir ing registration of paid foreign propagandists Department is plan rung to make public its findings shortly Was Kept Confidential The meetings of the brain in the government as distin guished from the stuffed names have been kept exceptionally con fidential because they were con cerned witliwKat this government woulddo incase of war and offi cials were afraid a new scare would develop if the facts got out Those who have been attending include Louis Johnson Adolf Berle Herbert Gaston Charles Edison andvirtually all the sec ondary authorities of treasury and state departments The experts had no more infor mation than you have about the chances of hostilities but foregath ered just in case Busch Had Emissary Dictator President Busch of Bo livia has had an emissary here for weeks on an extra secret mission The emissary M Foianinni has cabinet rating as director of min ing He is after something officials are not clear as to just what but his mission is supposed to concern the seizure crties by hi Securities and exchange com mission is about to release another report assailing investment trusts This will make about volume ten as the commission has released previously more reports of its studies than investment bankers could read in a months vacation if if Dies committee shortly is going to refute Fritz Kuhns claim that he had never been a member of the nazi party Evidence will contend he participated in the original Hit ler beer hall putsch in Munich Kuhn claimed on the stand he fled to Mexico from Germany about that time because it was easier to get into Mexico than the U S but the committee will hear evidence indicating Kuhn fled at the end of German government bayonets Kuhn Planned to Skip FBI has an inside tip that the great nazi bundler is about to skip the country and return to Ger many Dope is Kulm is being re called by the nazis because his usefulness here is ended Hitler needs someone who has not been charged with absconding and dis orderly conduct Thats why the dies committee slapped a subpena on Kuhn Ktat lac GREAT BRITAIN POLAND SIGN IN AID GUARANTEE Treaty Reveals More Drastic Support Than Had Been Anticipated LONDON Britain signed a mutual aid treaty with Poland Friday night declaring that she would fight any attempt to destroy Polands independence either by direct or indirect attack or by economic strangulation Signed in the midst of a steadilyintensifying European war crisis the treaty disclosed mutual guarantees of assistance far more drastic than had been anticipated as a result of the British pledges given Poland last April It was designed as a de fiant answer to Adolf Hitlers demand for a free hand In east ern Europe as well as a stingtns counterblow to the new Soviet German treaty The alliance would be applicable on attack by any nation on Poland but its terms in the presenl situation applied chiefly to Ger many or to Russia or to any Ger man move against Poland such as might be madethrough Hungary One provision guaranteed Pol and againsfcbecomirie theeco nomic vassal of Germany Article two of the treaty woul significantly leave it up to Polanc to determine whether German ac tion against Danzig for instance threatened Polish independence and therefore should be resisted If Poland decides to fight then Britain would be bound to figh with her It was indicated that conclusion of the GermanSoviet treat speeded conclusion of the British Polish pact in order to offset any doubt that Nazis hold as to whether Britain will fight Hitler demand for free action in eastern Europe The treaty was mutual Polan agreeing to aid Britain should the latter be the victim of aggression One article was aimed specifi cally at nazi hopes of striking a lightning blow at Poland and then with the act accomplished mak separate peace with Britain 5 Killed and Scores Hurt in English Blast London Ready for Raids Peaceful Hyde in the heart of London and com parable to the great parks of many American a scene of feverish activity as London faced the threat of war and air raids Here an antiaircraft gun is being readied for action In the face of the emergency Londoners were calm and professed confidence This picture was cabled from London Poland Protests Elevation of Forster as Danzig Head LONDON were killed Friday entry This article pledges both partie in the event of hostilities not t make peace except by agreemen with the other With his nation thus com mitted King George met with th of standardbiTprop council late Friday Au s government thontative sources said the coun cil adopted certain regulations of precautionary measure under the emergency powers bill passed Thursday Completion of the treaty was announced as tension mounted to ward the breaking point with Germany bringing hourly in creased pressure against Poland LONE BANDIT LOOTS STATION Greene Service Station Owner Wife Are Victims lone bandit took from the Ira McRoberts filling station on the west side of Greene Friday morning at after lock ing the proprietor and his wife in another room Mr and Mrs McRoberts were not certain Friday as to whether the young hoodlum had a gun both remembering only that the youth had driven in and ordered the tank to be filled He then went into the station and when they came in told them this is a hold up Go in this room and keep quiet The young bandit looted the till and left in his Ford V8 black sedan which had license plates 855800 The car was stolen Thurs day night at Ames The youth was described as be ing between 20 and 25 years old 5 feet 8 inches in height dark complexioned and wore dark trousers a dark hat and a brown whitestriped shirt Five and scores persons injured in an explosion at Cov a manufacturing center northwest of London Hundreds of shop windows were shattered and buses severely damaged lilitaty Precautions Are Broadened Road Blockades Are Ready DANZIG protested Friday to the Danzig senate against the elevation of Nazi Dis trict Leader Albert Forster as chief of state of the free city The Danzig Verposten nazi or gan here described the senates action Thursday as the final pre lude to the return of Danzig to Germany x x x military preparations in Dan zig were broadened Friday to an almost warlike scale but busi ness went on as usual under in creasing tension It was almost impossible for pri vate automobile owners to buy gasoline so heavy had been the demands of the Danzig military machine The free city sent large contin gents of troops to points near the Polish border Thursday night They were stationed on roads and in woods alert for any suspicious move Road blockades were ready to be thrown into place Some small roads leading to the frontier were cut off by storm troops a mile or so from the border Traffic on the main road be tween Danzig and the Polish port of Gdynia was permitted to con tinue The heavy concentration of troops followed reports published in the official nazi newspaper Danziger Verposten of general mobilization1 and threatening movements across the border in Poland The newspaper reported that Polish guns were trained on the German border new trenches dug and forest partly cleared to provide an open field for shoot ing The impression given was that Danzig was in a critical position and many observers saw in the press campaign the foundation for an appeal to Adolf Hitler for help All flags were ordered out Fri day to welcome tho 13000 ton cruiser Schleswig Hplstein is making a formal visit an nounced some weeks ago The question in almost every mind was Will the German troops march in and what will happen then U S Is Prepared to Take Americans From European Dangers WASHINGTON U S maritime commission and the U S navy were prepared Friday to remove thousands of Americans from Europe if normal shipping facilities should prove inadequate By advising Americans to leave danger zones now the government hoped to handle most of them on regular routes and avert a panicky rush such as developed at the outbreak of the World war About 50000 American citizens reside in the countries most likely to be affected by a war 75000 in all Europe In addition there are many thousands of tourists Many of them already are enroute home including President Roose velts mother TALK OF PEACE OFFER HEARD IN BERLIN CIRCLES Envoys of England France Italy and Japan See Hitler BERLIN of a new peace offer in the GermanPolish onflict was renewed Friday after loon when news spread through he capital that the British ambas sador Sir Nevile Henderson had been closeted with Adolf Hitler in he early afternoon and then left on an airplane trip to London Later Ihe fuehrer received the ambassadors of France Italy and Japan The nature of the talks was not revealed X Earlier German sources said the soviet ambassador in War saw was endeavoring to prevail upon Poland peacefully to give in to German demands Hope for a peaceful settlement through llth hour capitulation of Poland and her guarantors Great Britain and France was the key note in official quarters here Competent sources expressed belief that Germany had dccide to postpone military action a least for a day This decision may have been takeriata longcpnference lastin until 1 a m among Hitler Foreign Minister Joachim von Hibbentrop Field Marshal Hermann Goering nnd Gen Wilhelm Keitel Hitlers military adviser Reported pressure on Poland through the soviet ambassador to Warsaw German efforts to bring Russia and Japan into a non aggression treaty and to persuade Turkey to turn her back on her new alliance with Britain were the cards Germany was playing in her hope of getting what she wants without bloodshed The presidents message sug gesting that Poland and Germany settle their differences either through direct negotiations by ar bitration or by conciliation was studied by the Fuehrer Friday morning The first answer is expected to be made public Friday night probably through the foreign of fice mouthpiece the Deutsche DiplomatischePolitische Korres pondenz Excellent sources said the reply would be negative in tone with the implication that President Roose velt had sent his plea to the wrong address It should have gone these sources said to England LOOK INSIDE FOR IGNACE MOSCICKI Frcsiflent of Poland He arid Hitler Receive Appeals of Roosevelt PAGE 2 Top Squads Find That Dodgers Still Around PAGE 9 Eagle Grove Brothers Win at State Fair PAGE 8 IThe Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday slightly warmer in northwest and north central portions Friday night and in northeast portion Satur day MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday warmer in west portion Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Thursday 78 Minimum Thursday night 47 At 8 a m Friday 67 YEAR AGO Maximum 76 Minimum 54 Rainfall 05 Meanwhile authoritative reports reached Berlin that Soviet Russia had exerted pressure at Warsaw for a peaceful settlement of the GermanPolish quarrel Whether Hitler would send President Roosevelt a direct pri vate reply or merely answer pub licly as he did Roosevelts last message in April apparently had not been determined In any case leading nazis gave the message a shrug of the shoul der reception and withheld com ment in the hope that before Fri day ends Poland will accede to Hit lers demands Some amazement was expressed that Poland had not thrown in the sponge before this Hopes were stil high that Britain would produce a rabbit from the hat at the last minute The Fuehrer remained with Field Marshal Herman Goering Foreign Minister Joachim Von Ribbentrop and other advisers un til early Friday One Regiment Revolts Against Government of Chilean President SANTIAGO Chile regiment of infantry stationed in Santiago revolted Friday agains the leftwing government o President Pedro Aguirre Cerda Shortly thereafter it was re Ported without immediate con firmation that four or five regi ments of artillery in the capita had joined the movement Thus far only a few shots hav been fired The government ha taken utmost precautions to main tain order BULLETINS LONDON com nunication with Berlin was in errupted early Friday night Op rators of the British postoffic epartment which controls wir acilities in England said the in erruption was due to a storm and echnical difficulties Lines be ween Paris and Berlin also were ilocked The explanation given in aris that the communications vere jammed with official busi ness BERLIN UPI The German news agency announced that a Polish destroyer outside of Pol ish territorial waters had fired on a German seaplane Jf 3 DANZIG tfP Semiofficial nazi sources asserted late Friday that two Polish soldiers were shot and killed near the Polish Danzig jorder between Ottomin and Hoch Keplin BERLIN UR Polish anti aircraft jruns fired 10 shots at the German airliner DNaih named Rudolph Klein he offi cial German news agency D N B announced X BERLIN official Ger man news agency Friday published a charge that it is now absolute ly certain that the Poles are plan ning attacks on German territory1 DANZIG nazi newspaper Vorposten Friday night reported that two Polish soldiers were shot and killed by Danzig border guards Lines Out BULLETIN NEW YORK Shipping between New York and Europe was hrown into confusion iiday when all German1 oats were ordered to re urn to Germany at once and other nationalities canceled sailings or ord ered their vessels to sail at once for home ports The order affecting Ger man boats found not one of the crack nazi pas senger liners in a nazi port BERLIN normal com munications with New York Lon don Danzig Paris Brussels Cop enhagen and Zurich and presum ably with other foreign centers vere cut Friday night indicating events of first magnitude were un der way This dispatch was sent from Berlin via Paris by private com munication TKe fact that Adolf Hitler this afternoon successively received the British French Italian and Japanese ambassador indicated he told them he would act Soon thereafter the commercia lines ceasedjflpperate It was announced officially that all German commercial vessels must remain in German harbors or return to Germany at once While long distance communi cation was on the whole still possi ble to other cities in Germany calls to border cities such as Glei witz brought no response although accepted by the long distance op erator Strangely enough a telephone all from the Associated Press in Varsaw was put through to the Berlin bureau without trouble Seemingly the only European enter with which direct commun cation seemed possible was the apital of the enemy country The decision to cut Germany off from the rest of the world seemed to have been arrived at after the secretary of slate for the Interior Wilhelm Stuckart had rushed into the chancellery earlier Friday night to report As Stuckart was returning from Danzig to Berlin by airplane he eported he was shot at by Polish ntiaircraft guns over the Baltic NAZI PATIENCE WITH POLAND IS SAID NEAR END Henderson Is Believed Given German Decision Following Conference By UNITED PRESS Adolf Hitlers word on war or peace in Europe was be lieved delivered Friday night at almost the same hour Great Britain signed a far reaching treaty with Poland defying the nazi fuehrers de mand for a free hand in east ern Europe Hitlers views given to the Uritish ambassador in a secret conference at Berlin also understood to have been attended by the French and Japanese am bassadors was believed to be so important that it could not be trusted to ordi nary transmission routes Sir Nevile Henderson Brit ish ambassador arranged to dash to London Saturday by Kill 6 Nazis BERLIN Berlin eve ning newspaper Nachtsausgabe de clared that Polish insurgents shot and killed seven Germans and one Czech national at Bielitz on the Polish border The newspapers corresponded reported that the Poles roundec up 25 Germans and several Czechs at Bielitz Thursday on charges pi subversive activities Loaded into trucks the arrestec men tried to flee into a nearby forest when one of the vehicles swerved from the road the news paper account asserted The insurgents immediately fired several volleys killing eigh and seriously wounding seven oth ers the dispatch said CONTEST DATES ANNOUNCED IOWA CITY Univer sity of Iowas extension divisio announced the following dates fo four 1940 statewide competitions State music festival May 2 3 an 4 play production festival Marc 25 to 30 state forensic tourna ment March 25 to 30 and schol arship contest June 4 and 5 Highlights of European War Crisis CRISIS AT A GLANCE By The Associated Press calls British ambassador into conference nazis apparently defer military action at least one day Russia reported undertaking lastmin ute peaceful settlement rejec tion of Roosevelts peace appeal forecast and Poland sign formal mutual assistance agreement protests to Free City senate against naming of nazi district leaders as Free Citys chief executive reported turn ing to isolation in anger over GermanRussian accord calls two classes of reservists to colors boosts her men under arms to about 1800000 no sign given that Roosevelt appeal is being con sidered urges Poland to give Germany no excuse for border incidents Daladier sum mons French army commander as troop trains roll toward fron tiers prepara tions in Free City reach almost warlike scale and Rumania reported nearly ready to sign nonaggression ac cord such a pact seen as new nazi diplomatic triumph WARSAW Poland said to appreciate Roosevelt efforts but to regard moment as inoppor tune for mediation or concilia tion determination to resist seems unaltered office said was a report to Viscount Halifax but which was believed to be for the purpose of relating the views expressed by the nazi fuehrer Whether Hitler gave the am bassadors an actual message or merely outlined Germanys plans for bringing the Polish crisis to a showdown remained uncertain but the summoning of the envoys at the height of the European war of nerves left little question that his words were of paramount im portance in the fate of millions of persons v w At the same time the Soviets tossed another explosive diplo matic bomb into the European crisis by reporting on high author ity that Premier Viacheslav Mol otov probably would go to Berlin after next Mondays meeting of the supreme soviet or parliament The parliament is meeting pre sumably to approve the new sov ietGerman pact In the midst of these r a p i dfire developments sources of unquestionable authority in Paris received information that Hitler had told the ambassadors in Berlin that his patience with alleged Polish provo cations was almost ex hausted and that the cup was filled as far as the Poles were concerned result was the spreading of an impression that the nazi fuehr er intended to take action of a drastic nature possibly without much delay But these informants said Hitler also made some vague references to the possibility of an international conference in order to regulate European problems f Great Britain and France mean while pressed steadily ahead with iheir preparations against war and Poland continued firm against any capitulation bolstered by the un xpectedly drastic terms of the BritishPolish treaty guaranteeing British and French aid not only in event of direct attack but in event of indirect attack or economic strangulation Furthermore the treaty provided that the Poles had the right to say when they were endangered and if they thought they were Britain would help them Adolf Hitler speeded plans for a quick solution of Germanys quarrel with Po land in a series of confer ences with government and military leaders and a long telephone conversation with the nazi high command in Danzig While the nazi press scath ingly attacked President Roosevelts peace message to the fuehrer antiaircraft guns manned by full crews were mounted on the roofs of the war ministry and other big buildings ;