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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 24, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH iOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Tulk Lease Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 24 1950 This Paper Consists of Two No 27S Truman Calls Rail Strike Unexpected Reefs Shifting South Ease Taegu Pressure 5 Divisions Search for Softer Spot By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo heavily armed red Korean division rolled east ward Thursday night toward American positions on the Korean south coast In 3 columns of men and ma chines the division moved up a new threat to the allimportant allied southeastern port of Pusan some 50 miles away The threat appeared in the south after pressure had eased on the central front above Taegu where probers of 5 red divisions were thrown back for 5 consecu tive days The 50000 red soldiers a dozen miles north of Taegu slanted away from their mountain positions ap parently looking for an easier ave nue for a smash on Taegu Repulsed 4 Times The North Koreans tried 4 times last week to drive 5 divisions down the rocky bloody bowling alley corridor to Taegu AP Correspondent Stan Swin ton on the south reported the 3 eastbound red columns were marching from the Chinju area where two red divisions were re ported getting ready to drive on allied forces spread before Masan 27 air miles west of Pusan The American 25th infantry division 10 miles west of Masan was alerted for battle U S planes bombed and strafed the approaching southern reds Pilots said there were many ve hicles in the 3 columns But the communists were moving in small groups to minimize their chances of hit from the air The new force was reported a part of the North Korean 7th division a di vision originally trained for police purposes Shift Unexplained On the Masan front American and South Korean riflemen fought shoulder to shoulder in a bitter old battle for commanding heights of Sobuk ridge 10 miles from Masan port The sudden unexplained shift of North Korean troops north of Taegu left their mountain posi tions to allied troops 13 miles north of the fortress city Before settling in them Thursday night U S and South Korean infantry men beat off flanking attacks AP Correspondent Don White head on the central front quoted Col John Mike Michaelis com mander of the U S 27th Wolf hound regiment before Taegu as saying We will stay here but it will lie rough AP Correspondent Tom Lambert reported the changing position of the 50000man force removed the immediate threat to est city left in the allied defense perimeter in southeast Korea Had 3500 Casualties Frontline opinion was that the reds were looking for a softer spot to try to hammer their 5 divisions Pass Enlisted Mens Family Allowances fcgffiemi Washington The Thursday passed a bill to give monthly allowances of io to enlisted men in the military services to help them care for their families These allowances are in addition to their pay The roll call vote was 359 to 0 The bill provides a a month allowance to all enlisted men re gardless of grade having two de wife and one child for example An enlisted man with 3 or more dependents would get monthly If the enlisted man is in the 3 lower grades he will have to al lot from his ad dition to what extra allowance the government gives him If hes in the higher i sergeants in the army and compa rable grades in the other services would get if he has one or two dependents and if more than two There is no require ment for paycheck deduction of men in the upper grades The senate has passed a some what similar bill and a confer ence now will be held to work out a compromise AP Wirephoto DEFENDERS arrows show where Ameri can and South Korean forces are holding against North Korean invaders dark North of Taegu where the communists have massed their greatest strength en emy pressure was reported decreasing The reds appeared to be pulling back from the Waegwan area and U S patrols crossed the Naktong river in that sector without meeting any opposition North Korean bridgehead across the Nak tong at Hyonpung was quiet U S troops renewed attacks in the southwest at outer approaches to Pusan Allied forces in Pohang area met stiffer red resistance Chinese Reds Ask UN Order U S Forces From Formosa 2 Mason City Reservists Are Called to Duty Two Mason Cityans are among 99 enlisted army reservists whose orders were in the mail Thursday to report to Fort Riley Kans on Sept 15 They are Pvt Robert D Graney N Federal and Pvt Claude B Weaver 1212 Pres ident N W Both men returned Wednesday night from Des Moines where they took their physical examinations The orders mailed by the Iowa military district are the 1st of what is expected to be orders for 700 enlisted army reservists Graney served nearly years with the engineers during World war II in the South Pacific Oki nawa and Korea He has been employed in Mason City as a truck driver Weaver had 35 months service with the 44th division field artil lery during World war II Re cently he has been employed in Mason City as a car man for the Chicago and North Western rail road Billion War Money to House Floor Washington A 084479 bill providing cash for 5333 new war planes and other equipment for Americas growing military machine was approved Thursday by the house appropria tions committee An emergency measure growing out of the war in Korea it not only finances expansion of United States armed might but also car ries to help arm friendly nations In sending the bill to the house floor the committee wrote this criticism of the defense program Events oE recent weeks have made it crystal clear that the military planning and thinking in key positions is not as clear and accurate as could be desired but it is not the purpose of the com mittee at this time to criticize past errors of judgment No Military Cuts The bills total is less than the president requested but no reductions were made in military items In approving the entire 000000 requested for foreign arms aid the committee said The authority of the United through The communists were under orders from their premier Kim II Sung to win the Korean war by Aug 31 just a week away They already had failed to meet the deadline for capture of Taegu by Aug 15 anniversary of Korean independence from Japan The shift to the east around the heart of the Korean central war front was made after the reds had tded to shove forward troops of 5 divisions through the mountains to Taegu It had been a costly communist effort in time and men The reds suffered 3500 casualties in one 72hour period And marine pilots Thursday said they killed 300 more in a rocket attack on troop concentrations Not Serious Threat Thursday night about 1000 com munist infiltrators were holed up in the craggy heights of a saw tooth mountain 8 miles north of Taegu but were reported not to tions said he found allied morale high and commented Things are coming along very well Get Red Supplies The admiral said he also un derstood American officers had evidence Russia had been supply ing material to the North Korean forces since the outbreak of hos tilities on June 25 Russia is contending in the United Nations security council that she has not supplied North Korea since 1948 The shifting of red tvoops north of Taegu was preceded by the pullback of communists around Waegwan 12 miles northwest of Taegu They were quiet at the Naktong river bridgehead near Hyonpung 14 miles southwest of Taegu Patrols from the U S 1st cav alry division and the 24th infan try division crossed the Naktong river at both points One patrol moved two miles behind the river Around Kosong on the extreme southern coast South Korean ma rines tried to link their newly won coastal positions with the U S 25th division near Masan Other South Korean marines landed on Uido island on the ex treme southwestern Korea coast B29s beat up one of east Asias largest chemical complexes at Ko nan with 1000 pound bombs in an effort to eliminate it Tokyo Chinese com munists Friday demanded that the United Nations order with drawal of all American forces from Formosa and announced the red intention to liberate that island from the nationalists The announcement by the Pei ping radio was heard by the Asso ciated Press in Tokyo It said the demand for American withdrawal was sent by Chinese Communist Foreign Minister Cou EnLai to the UN security council and Secretary General Trygve Lie The United States has no armed forces on Formosa last major redoubt of the Chinese nation alist but the U S 7th fleet is patrolling the Formosa strait to prevent an oftenthreatened red attack The people of China cannot be a serious threat Correspondent Lambert said South Korean troops advancing eastward under allied plane cover Thursday captured the citadel i A a steep mountain north of Taegu from which red spotters had watched allied troop movements General MacArthurs final Thursday war summary said ene my pressure north of Taegu was decreasing Gen J Lawton Collins army chief of staff visited the front Thursday He returned to Tokyo optimistic after a close shave with red roadblock fire that he learned about later general who was accom panied by Adm Forrest P Sher man U S naval chief of opera Easleys Admit Iowa BreakIns Boone brothers have confessed a series of breakins in centralIowa according to Boone County Sheriff Steve Beaulieu The sheriff said the two were Clifford and Harold Easley for mer Mason Cityans w h o have been held on larceny charges since their arrest in Minneapolis Aug 17 Both have been held in jail pending arraignment since their return here A considerable amount of loot valued at more than was found in a house rented by the Easleys here Sheriff Beaulieu said most of the loot has been identified as to its source KILLED BY TRACTOR Webb Brock tolerate the action of armed ag gression by the United States gov ernment on the territory of China the radio quoted Chous message to the UN It went on to cite the presence of the 7th fleet and of some American air force contingents on Formosa Chou charged that the American presence was an open encroach ment on the territory of the peoples republic of China the official name of the red He asserted it was direct armed aggression and was a total viola tion of the U N charter Chou demanded that the secur ity council condemn the U S gov ernment for its criminal act and take immediate measures to bring about the complete drawal of all the United States in vading forces from Taiwan For mosa and from other territories belonging to China President Can Not Predict End of War Washington resident Truman said Thursday he can not predict with certainty when the Korean war will end He made his observation at a news conference after a reporter noted that Secretary of Defense Johnson had expressed a belief it will be over in 6 to 8 months Mr Truman said he does not feel it can be said with any cer tainty when any military maneu vers will end Nimitz Hopes Korea Policy May Prevent Another World War Fort Dodge Admiral Chester W Nimitz says that if United Nations policy in Korea is successful it may prevent a 3rd world war But he added if it fails it will be a step toward World war III The admiral now plebiscite administrator for Kashmir and Jammu spoke at a Fort Dodge Centennial celebration at Dodger stadium Wednesday night He said the communist drive in Korea is a test probe to de termine the strength of the UN and the United States Nations has been challenged and the peace of the world jeopardized which makes it clear that free na tions must provide themselves with a common security as early as possible and be prepared to de fend the principles of international law and justice for which the United Nations stands The committee made no reduc tion in the requested for the Voice of America program which has been set up to spread Americanism and democracy abroad But it refused funds for the exchange of persons project to bring 85 communist leaders to this country from Yugoslavia to teach them American ways Buy Midget Radios Included in the Voice of Ameri ca funds were to buy an estimated 200000 midget radio sets for distribution abroad Other allotments in the bill in cluded Bureau of engraving and print ing to print new money 000 Postoffice Farmers home administration Additional loan authorization up to for aid to farmers in disasterstriken areas Office of housing expediter to administer the fed eral rent control program with the understanding that all activi ties terminate by next June 30 when the present rent control law AP Wirephoto ACCUSED SPY an airport employe watches manacled Morton Sobell left is led from an air plane by an unidentified U S marshall on arrival at New ark N J Wednesday night from Houston Texas a 33yearold radar expert accused by the FBI of spying for Russia will be arraigned in New York on a charge of violating the espionage act Canada Mobilizes Commercial Planes To Meet Rail Strike Ottawa The government obtained authority Thursday to mobilize and control all commer cial aircraft to cope with a 3day old rail strike threatening to par alyze this countrys economy Officials said they would not use the authority unless the strike causes a further deterioration in transport facilities These are ad mittedly already hard hit Under the order the government has power to ration passenger traffic and dispatch commercial aircraft for any point in Canada for em already have been ergency use Thousands idled by the walkout of 124000 nonoperative rail workers who are pressing demands for higher pay and a 40hour week More probably will be laid off as the Dutch Troops Going to Korea Veteran Infantrymen Joining UN Forces San Francisco United Na tions troops in Korea are soon to be augmented by 2000 Dutch infantrymen most of them battle trained veterans of the Indonesian fighting This first announcement that expires Veterans administration strike continues The nation faced the gloomy H was killed Wednesday when the tractor he was driving along the road tipped over and crushed him The accident occurred about 4 miles northwest of Webb near the farm home ol Harold Miller JAMES BOYS HELD KcoUuk police radio blared a pickup order for Frank and Jesse James The James boys aged 15 and 13 were picked up a short time afterward They had run away from home Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy through Friday with showers Thursday night and turning cooler Low Thursday night mid50s High Friday 74 to 80 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday Widely scat tered showers north and west Thursday nightand in north east Friday Cooler northwest half Thursday night and in north and west portions Friday Low Thursday night 50 to 55 northwest 60 to 65 southeast High Friday 72 to 78 northwest 82 to 86 southeast Winds shift ing Thursday night and Friday becoming westerly 20 to 25 miles per hour Friday Further outlook Partly cloudy Saturday and Sunday with a few widely scattered thundershowersi Slightly warmer Saturday Low Friday night 56 to 62 High Sat urday midor upper80s Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday scattered showers extreme south and ex treme east Thursday night Cooler south portion Thursday night and Friday Low Thursday night 40 northwest to 50 south east High Friday 6065 north 6572 south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Thursday Maximum 89 Minimum 64 At 8 a m 73 YEAR AGO 614800 for medical hospital and domiciliary service including the staffing of new veterans hospitals 2 Demos 3 GOP Named to U M Unit Washington President Truman Thursday announced a United Nations delegation made up of 3 republicans and two dem crats The lineup Republicans Former Senator Warren Austin Senator Lodge Mass and John Foster Dulles GOP foreign policy adviser Democrats Senator Sparkrnan Ala and Mrs Eleanor Roose velt The delegation will serve at the general assembly session this fall Mr Truman made his an nouncement at a news conference He said the two senators were picked after consultation with the senate foreign relations commit prospect of widespread shutdown of its heavy industry and of heavy losses in sales and distribution Canadas millions already felt a shortage of mail and a total lack of telegraphic services Thegovernment has called an emergency session of parliament for next Tuesday Because of the rail stoppage many parliament members are to be flown in by a special airlift Big cities like Saskatchewan dependent on railhauled coal for their houses faced electri cal shortages As the quick effects of the strangulation swept across the country refinery workers packinghouse workers base metal miners and flour mill operators went home with nothing to do Holland would aid in the Korean ground fighting was made Wed nesday by J P Bourdrez head of the Netherlands information bu reau He said all of the troops will be volunteers About one third will be Dutch marines trained in the United States in World war II The force also will include a small contingent of Netherlands Wacs to perform medical and cler ical duties Bourdrez said Holland will de pend upon the U S for tanks and artillery for its troops who will land in Korea in a few weeks To Stop All U S Trains Early Monday Believe Unions Aim To Force Federal Seizure of Lines Washington resident Truman declared Thursday the nationwide railroad strike was called within an hour after as surances to him that there would be no strike He made it plain to a news con ference that he felt he had not been dealt with fairly As to what he intends to do he said he would have a statement later He refused to indicate whether he plans seizure The unions have been urging this step for weeks Mr Truman said the strike was sudden and unexpected He said assurances came to him from both the unions and the management that there would be no walkout These assurances he said were given within an hour before the strike was called by the trainmen and conductors Starts at 6 A M They set the walkout for 6 a m local Standard Time next Monday A reporter asked Mr Truman who gave him the assurance there would be no strike The railroad unions and the railroad o t h the president said emphatically He said they had given him that as surance frequently within the last two or three days and within an hour before the strike was called A reporter asked if he consid ered the tactics a double cross Mr Truman told the reporter not to put the words in his mouth A union spokesman had this comment on President Trumans news remarks Complain of Stalling We would ask that it be noted the strike has been set far enough in advance to provide opportu nity to clear this thing up if the president cares to call in presidents of these roads in place of the management committee which has been stalling all these months Secondly if the president de cides he will seize the railroads the two presidents of the unions are remaining in Washington to cooperate in any way possible Two big rail Broth erhood of Railroad Trainmen and Order of Railway Conductors gave their allout strike orders to their 300000 members Wednes day night after a new deadlock de veloped in white house peace talks with the carriers The nationwide strike call tee Austin Dulles and Mrs Roose velt have served previously on the UN delegation Mr Truman also announced this list of alternates Mrs Edith Sampson Chicago Negro lawyer John Sherman Maximum Minimum 00 59 Cooper former republican senator from Kentucky and now an ad viser to Secretary of State Ache son Benjamin Cohen of New York now a member of the dele gation Ernest A Gross assistant secretary of state John C Ross an aide to Austin The president later put out a statement in which he said that Acheson will head the UN delega tion and that Austin will serve as chairman in his absence The appointment of 3 repub licans and two democrats was looked upon as an administration answer to recent criticism that the GOP hasnt been consulted fully on foreign policy Lodge has been one of those critics Conference Group Cuts ECA Money Washington senatehouse committee Thursday cut Marshall plan and point 4 funds and ap proved a loan to Spain In each instance the 4 committee defied President Trumans wishes Acting swiftly on the 000000 singlepackage appropria tions bill the conference commit tee lopped off eco nomic cooperation administration ECA funds and cut back to 000000 the previously voted by the senate for point 4 technical aid to the worlds under developed areas The group left intact however the approved by the senate for foreign military help All actions of the committee are subject to approval by both houses before they become effective 3 Youngsters Face Charges in Minnesota Spencer teenagers arrested after they were rounded up in a cornfield near here have been taken to Minnesota to face burglary charges E J Weath arille detective chief at Minne apolis said burglary charges would be filed there against two of the youths in connection with the 58000 burglary of the H C Piper home last Sunday night Sheriff I M Berg of St James Minn said similar charges would be filed against the 3rd youth in connection with a series of break ins there Tuesday night Loot from the breakins was valued at between and The two taken to Minne apolis identified themselves as Robert Robinson 19 of Chicago and Mrs Joy Hoist 18 of Camp Lake Wis Edward McNally 18 Chicago was taken to St James Woman Killed When Car Hits Middle of Train Green Mountain Le ora Russell 22 of near Marshall against 131 rail lines was unex pected But the dispute over wages and working hours which has dragged out over a period of a year and a half had been grow ing more ominous Asked for Seizure Under the railway labor act which sets up a complex proce dure for handling of rail disputes the unions have been free to strike since July 15 The deadline for the nationwide walkout is 6 a m standard time Monday according to the clocks in each locality A strike of all rail roads in Canada is now in its 4th day so if the threatened walkout develops in this country virtually all rail transportation in North America will be at a standstill The unions indicated hopes that their fullscale strike threat might force railroad owners in seeking to avoid seizure to capitulate to union demands On at least 3 prior occasions the unions asked Presi dent Truman for seizure Notes War Needs The carriers didnt seem op posed to the seizure idea At least A E Stoddard president of the Union Pacific railroad said in Se attle Wednesday night that seizure should be ordered immediately to prevent any interruption in mil itary supply shipments to Korea If President Truman seizesthe railroads the rail workers would become government employes and as such could be punished by the courts for staying out on strike However the unions have pledged the men will work for the govern ment under seizure Under 5 previous seizures the government has required manage ment and unions to keep negotiat ing until such time as they could reach an agreement the sei zure ended The government could go ahead and make its own settle SALESMAN IS KILLED Fanfield F Davis 37 a flour salesman from Clinton was killed early Thursday in an auto accident The car which Davis was driving left highway No 1 four miles north of Fair field struck a pole and crashed through a fence He was alone in the car The accident oc curred about 4 a m town was killed early Thursday in a cartrain collision a mile south west of here Mrs Russells hus band Donald and two children ages 3 and 6 months escaped with out serious injury Highway patrolman Dan Decker said the Russells were returning home from a dance at Garwin when their car struck the middle of a Great Western freight train Tire marks indicated that Rus sell who was driving had tried to swerve to avoid the collision The car skidded about 135 feet in loose gravel Decker said before the crash ment with the unions but such a course is unlikely SAME tmffto 4wU ta M f ;