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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPAHTMENr Or STORY AND A S UOI NE j i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Aoadated Pittf United Full Cento a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 24 1944 Thla Paper Couists of Two One NO ROMANIA MOVES AGAINST HUNGARY ALLIES FIGHTING WAY INTO PARIS French Call for Help When Nazis Fail to Keep Yank Troops Fight Way to Swiss Border London troops north from the Riviera reached the border of Switzerland Thurs day and Hitlers hold on France was slipping rapidly away At the mouth of the Seine the Germans attempted a largescale Dunkirk from threatened Le Havre with many war vessels and other ships which were made the targets of ferocious assaults bj allied aircraft Bordeaux last German strong hold in southwestern France was reported to have been captured by American troops with the aid of French maquis Even Paris whose LARGE AREAS IN CAPITAL UNDER FRENCH FORCES Nazis Threatened to Destroy Buildings Citys Fall Expected London Eisenhower headquarters disclosed Thursday that allied troops were fighting their way into Paris large sec tions of which are held by th liberation as announced Wednesdayby Gen Charles De Gaulle set of prema ture rejoicing the world over was expected to fall momentarily The Germans evacuation fleet off Le Havre including a wide assortment of torpedo boats gun boats corvettes and merchant ships was bombed for 8 solid hours from midnight on Thursday by relays of British naval aircraft and other RAF planes The attempted German flight coincided with advances all around the Seine corner which hourly were choking off German escape routes The Germans were retreating al along the front from Lisieux to Alexander M Talchs V S 7th army reached theSwiss frontier after a drive of 200 miles in 10 days through the French Alps from the Mediterranean Lt Gen George S Pattens U Russians Try o Trap Nazis m Romania Moscow reported lostilities spreading between the roops of Germany and Romania Thursday while 2 great Russian army groups swept toward the icart of the oil and wheat king loin in drives apparently aimed at rapping any nazis still in their path Companion offensives in south and north Poland continued apace Troops which seized Debica were declared overrunning huiiI sudderT exit from dreds of German war factories lhe wiu against the allies in an 150 of them in Debica alone Red aboutface which direly threat Star said the LwowKrakow railcned the wfolc German position NAZIS MENACED GRAVELY IN ALL BALKAN SECTOR Claim Fighting Spreads Between Romanians and Nazis in Oil Areas began against Hungary Thurs French Forces of the Interior Fall of the city is expected mo mentarily but so far as alliec leadquarters is concerned it ha not yet been liberated Gen Charles De Gaulle and1 the com mander of the French Forces o the Interior Lt Gen Josep Pierre Koenig had announcec early Wednesday that the capita was liberated and their statemen were hailed by government leaders the world over French underground leaders after 4 days of street fighting in Paris negotiated an armistice with the German garrison pre sumably on the terms that the nazls were to leave the city su preme headquarters of the allied expeditionary force said The Germans apparently repudiated the agreement and kept on fight Ins and the underground called on the allies for help The Germans were said to have threatened widespread destruction road bristled with German war jn Plants of all kinds Bucharest broadcasts said Ro The advance moved within 17 mana jn fact had turned co miles of Tarnow Farther north beiiigereiit and there were re Russian columns were withm 35 ports of fighting in the miles of Krakow and 7a of Ger rich ojl and whcat kingdom be tween Romanian and German Yugoslavia and Greece where t iot armies havc woged ions SOUTH FRANCE BULLETINS LOSSES LISTED 2975 Casualties to Army in 1st 5 Days Washington Secretary of War StimEOn reported Thursday that the first 5 days of the in vasion of southern France cost the army 2975 casualties The 5 days began with the landings on the morning of Aug 15 The killed and missing num ber 1221 and the hospitalized 1 754 The latest overall battle cas ualtyfigure for the armed serv ices on the basis of reports to nextofkin is 317846 the army Stirnson put the total at 261589 up to Aug 6 and notof course including the southern France figures The navy said its most recent casualty summation was 56257 The army aggregate of 261589 included 48880 killed 125931 wounded 42956 missing and 43 822 officially reported prisoners The navys casualty total of 56257 was divided as follows 23 135 killed 19063 wounded 9593 missing and 4466 prisoners All of Story Cant Be Printed Because of Newsprint Shortage Norman Okh C Grif fin commanding the naval air technical training center glanced from the window and saw build ing No 3 being moved on a truck The funloving captain telephoned the stations fire department that building 5 was aflame Comments by the firemen when they saw the building they were supposed save being moved down the road to meet them cannot be given here because of the news print shortage With the Canadian First Army in France Canadian first army forces broke through Ger man rearguards all along the line of the Touqnes river Thursday and at some points their forward elements got 11 miles beyond al most to the mouth of the Seine Supreme Headquarters AEF UR American flying columns rampaging almost unopposed through southwestern and eastern France were reported unofficial ly Thursday to have captured the coastal city of Bordeaux and reached the outskirts of Troyes only 130 miles from the borders of Germany London vast American armada of 2300 planes including 1300 heavy bombers attacked more than a dozen oii aircraft and industrial targets Thursday in northern Germany and on the Czech border London dispatches from Zurich Switzerland said Thursday that mutiny has broken out in the Hungarian army and that a military revolution in that axis satellite is believed imminent London UP The Hungarian army was reported in revolt Thursday and press dispatches said Bulgaria had asked the al lies for their peace terms In the wake of Romanias stunning break with Germany and her pro claimed decision to Join forces HAS ONLY 10 DIVISIONS But Delays in Getting to Robot Coast Seen With the British Army in Prance was reason 10 aelieve Thursday night that Field Marshal Gen Guenther von ECluges forces have been clipped to about 10 divisions both in the corner below the Seine and in the Pas De Calais area where flying ay in advancing into the pocket hey captured Thiberville 10 miles north and slightly east of Orbec and only about 7 miles wrlhwest of Bernary They also aptured St Aubin De Seallon miles north of Thiberville and Davichones Patrols were approaching Bre teuil at the bottom of the pocket Bad weather has aided the Ger mans in getting some of their men across the Seine bombs are launched There appeared little hope however that allied troops will be getting into the robot bomb area for some days as normal military practice would call for some re grouping at the Seine even if tha barrier is not heavily defended British troops made sizabl gains due east of Lisieux Thurs Shopper Explains How She Saved Large Sum New Brunswick N J slightly battered housewife got on the bus after a citywide bargain day turned to her neighbor and said Well I saved a lot of money today Really What did you get couldnt get waited on S 3rd army had pushed 15 miles beyond Sens 62 miles southeast of liberated Paris toward the German frontier 150 miles away The 2 forces apparently were less than 200 miles from a junc tion isolating all southern France already much of southern France is free An Algiers broadcast said Bor deaux big French port on the south Atlantic coast had been captured by a combined force of Americans driving south from the Loire and French maquis who had marched north from the Spanish border Patchs 7th army continuing Its lightning pace northwest past cap tured Marseille drove into the Rhone valley capturing Salon only 20 miles from Aries at the month of the river French patriots were reported in control of the entire Lyon re gion the great southern metropo lis on the Rhone in southern France and at Perpignan just north of the Spanish border on the Gulf of Lion with the allies Iowa Woman Heads Auxiliary of VFW Chicago Hatel Mil ler Des Moines Iowa was elected president of the Ladies Auxiliary Veterans of Foreign wars at the organizations 29th annual en campment Thursday Boy y o y r War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGixette carrier toy Road to Berlin By the Associated Press THE ROAD TO BERLIN front 322 miles measured from eastern suburbs of France 519 mile measured from a point 15 mile east of Sens front 601 miles measured from northern out skirts of France 608 miles measured from Iowa Nazarene Church Names Rehfeldt New Superintendent Elected at District Session Being Held in Mason City OTHER STORY ON PAGE 15 The Hev Remiss Rehfeldt 32 pastor of the First Church of the Nazarene Council Bluffs was elected Thursday to the position of district superintendent of the Iowa district by the assembly body now in session at the First Methodist church Mason City Mr Rehfeldt succeeds Dr Hardy C Powers who held the position until he was elected gen eral superintendent last June by the general church in Minneap olis Coincidentally it was from the amc Council Bluffs church to public buildings and installa tions A French underground leader who came to London from Paris a month ago said the Ger mans then had at least 10000 regular troops in the capital and strong forces of gestapo secret police The supreme headquarters an nouncement was a surprise to French sources in London who acknowledged there might be fighting around Paris as the al lied troops sought to break in The French said their best in formation indicated that the French Forces of the Interior still were in control of the center of the city and its main buildings A mysterious German call pos sibly code repeated over and over on the Paris radio wave lengths asserted Thursday night Attcn ion attention enemy tank spear icads which have brokenthrougli ire to be wiped out at strong joints This is Unger speaking The armistice negotiations ap parently were made without prev ous knowledge of the supreme man Silesia itseU Northeast of Warsaw the red army drove within 5 miles of the 1 already outflanked in important communications hub thc south b Turkcys severance of Lomza 20 miles below the east relations with Germany now Prussian frontier m an offen rrom the north as well sive gradually splitting German an entircly untenable po armies defending that reich prov1 sitjon ince and Warsaw Captured Romanians said the l v I UtllLlUl V l n luJt Germans had trained iheir guns d bm guerrilla war against on them seeking to block Mr yoke were in positions for retreat in some places Many Ro1 iteration manian units were reported raked 4 Ru5sian armies dHving swiftly by machmegun fire The Russian advance continued uninterrupted toward thc Danube basin and Galati gap At mid night soviet troops had galloped within 167 miles of Bucharest and 140 of the Ploesti oil center and Jess than 50 from the mouth of the principal transport ar tery for Hitler Tighina Ceta teaAlaba and Vaslui all fell in Bessarabia The historic Bcssarabian towns of Tighina and CetateaAlba on the west bank of the Dnestr 167 miles from the Romanian capital and Vaslui 140 miles northeast of Floesti were among more than 400 towns that fell Wednesday all along the eastern front a soviet communique said Soon after Moscows guns boomed twin salutes to thc Ro manian victories foreign radio CEILINGS ARE INCREASED Washington office of price administration Wednesday announced ceiling price increases for building brick and drain tile produced in Iowa The increases of S2 to SI2 per thousand brick may be passed by jobbers and dealers in the form of dpllarand cents raises thc OPA said that Dr Powers went to the dis trict superintendency just 8 year ago The new district superintenden is a graduate of Olivet college now located at Kankakee 111 bu at that time situated in a smal town 12 miles south of Danville III Mr Rehfeldts first pastoral and only one until accepting th call to Council Bluffs church year ago was the Church of th Nazarene at Barling ton Iowa When taking charge of the wor there the congregation was sma and was worshipping in an empl store room Under his ieadershi the membership increased a ne church property was purchased broadcast was inaguratcd on Hal Boyle Associated Press correspondent with the American armies driving beyond Sens to ward the German border said in a field dispatch that the Ameri cans could have entered Paris at will during the last few days but that Lt Gen George S Pattons forces were more concerned with the task of chopping the Germans to pieces Roughly one third of France 212569 square miles has beet liberated by the allied armies and the FFI and the last vestige of the command A directive provides hat no field commander can ne reports were heard telling of Ro manias capitulation to the allies but there was no information available from Russian sources The exit of Romania from the war has been regarded as inevi table here however in view of the red armys crashing ottensive through huge sections of Mol davia and Bessarabia in the past 4 days The effect of Romanias reported collapse in shortening the war could hardly be overestimated German counterattacks in Lat via aimed at reaching nazi Baltic were not only beaten off mans u n less Gen but the Russians succeeded in 1m REMISS REHFELDT Burlington radio station and when Mr Rehfeldt lett last August for Vichy government of Pierre La has disappeared as a politica force Radio France at Algiers re ported the liberation of the Lyon region and said 3 allied planes already had landed at Perpignan to establish contact with the FFI Lyon is 240 miles southwest of Paris while Perpignan is at the west end of the Pyrenees that form the border between Spain and France A dispatch from Associated Press Correspondent Charles S Foltz from the FrenchSpanish frontier at Irun said American and French forces reinforced fay troops landed from the sea were reported by French authorities to be pushing steadily toward Bor deaux from both sides French military authorities at Hendaye 110 miles south of Bor deaux said 800 French comman the work at Council Bluffs the Burlington church was well es tablished in that community One of the most popular pastors of the Iowa district Mr Rehfeldt was for several years president of the district Young Peoples society and appeared in Mason City a year ago last winter organizing a young peoples society in thc local church dos were among allied forces landed from a French destroyer south of Arcachon below the prize Atlantic port Edward Kennedy Associated Press correspondent in southern France where American and French troops have already cap tured Marseille said the French now appear united as they never were in peacetime He said there ives his consent The feeling was expressed at upreme headquarters that the nderground operations in Paris nd the subsequent call for help esultcd in the use ol allied troops vhich might well have been in operations of greater nilitary significance It is expected at supreme headjuarters however that German esistance before the city will be 3f a rear guard character Up to a late hour Thursday no word had been received at supreme headquarters that allied iorces actually had entered Paris The French announced the capture of over 1000 Germans in the first day of the battle of Paris and declared that nazi losses were heavy in bitter fighting street by declared Moscow made no announce d nent concerning a German radio eiort which said Russian forces 4 iad reached the beaches of Riga vv md the Germans had no further explanation ti ARE IN MEDITERRANEAN t Des Moines The womens I army corps recruiting office here n announced Wednesday that 23 r Iowa WACs now are serving in 1 1C Mediterranean area Report FORECAST i Mason City Fair and continued cool Thursday night Friday inincreasing cloudiness and warmer Iowa Partly cloudy and warmer weather through Saturday Scattered thundershowers will develop in western Iowa Thursday and Friday Minnesota Partly cloudy and warmer with scaUered thundershowers west porition Thursday night and in west and central portions Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 74 Minimum Wednesday night 45 At 8 a m Thursday 53 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 67 Prcrinitntion Trace Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier was little on the surface to support oftheard predictions that liberation of France would be followed by civil war The German ambassador to Switzerland was reported by the secret Germanlanguage station radio Atlantik Wednesday nigh to have asked the Swiss government for asylum for Laval There was no confirmation elsewhere o the broadcast report heard by NBC Laval chief of government ir the Vichy regime was last reported to be virtually a toward the heart of Romania sig naled the punch which finally blew clown he house of cards which deposed PremierMarshal Antonoscu had built in Romania Thc Germans announced thai Romanias capitulation had been expected Thc Berlin correspond ent of Aftonbladel of Stockholm cabled that German counter measures can be expected This Swedish report said Berlin circles blamed Romanias move on the Russian offensive Turkeys break with Germany Bulgarias peace overtures and the sustained allied bombings of the Ploesti oil instal lations The Germans were plainly in panic as the Balkan crackup seemed to be repeating the history of 1B18 when the collapse of Bul garia shocked the kaisers gen erals into a quick plea for peace As in 1918 however the dom ninl factor was military more than political Two soviet army groups driving toward Galati and Ploesti knocked out Romanias defenses Some optimistic prophets in London said there was a good chance for the European war to end before Oct 1 on the basis of the Romanian switch In 1918 Bulgaria was the German key stone in the Balkans just like Ro mania was in this war The allied offensive through Salonika knock ed Bulgaria in 1918 just as the German situation on the western front became critical On Sept 29 918 Bulgaria signed an armistice nd the German high command ccided to sue for peace Tlie ap eal went to President Wilson and 2 clays after Bulgaria quit the var was over M o s c o w announced German roops on the eastern front were killing Romanian forces seeking to pull away from the 2 fisted Russian offensive driving through northeastern Romania and Bessa rabia toward Bucharest less than 170 miles away A German military broadcast heard in London said the Roman ian 3rd army was fighting beside thc Russians The Swiss radio said other Romanian troops had marched into Transylvania wrested from Romania in 1940 by Hitler and given to Hungary Romanias aboutface disclosed by young King Mihai in a broad cast announcing formation of a new government headed by Gen Konstantin Satanescu knocked a major prop from Hitlers Balkan josition The Germans frantically trying to repair thc damage termed the capitulation the act of a clique of traitors and announced forma tion of a national government a puppet around which Berlin broadcasts asked the Romanian people to rally Obey only its orders and not those of the traitors urged Ber lin in a broadcast beamed to Ro mania The federal communicationi commission said the Berlin broad cast was in the form of a commu nique attributed to the new na tional government The commu nique rebroajjcast at intervals ;