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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 24, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED TOESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 24 1942 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 271 GERMAN FORCES DRIVE ACROSS DON City Council Gives Trolley Tracks to WPA Steel to Be Used to Make Cannons Tanks SECRET TACTICS BRING ALLIED VICTORY 13 Japanese Planes Trying to Raid Darwin Shot Down in Struggle GENERAL MacARTHUR3 HEAQUARTERS Australia Allied fighter pilots using new sec ret battle tactics shot down at least 13 Japanese planes and probably 15 or more out of an enemy fleet of 47 which attacked the Great North Australian base of Darwin it was announced Monday Not a single allied plane was downed Curtiss P40D planes in what Gen Douglas MacArthur him self called brilliant tactical in terception dived at all angles on a powerful force of 20 new Japanese zero fighters and 27 heavy bombing planes Holding their fire until the last the allied pilots smashed the Jap anese attack completely They shot down at least nine zeros and four bombers saw two other bombers struggling off jettisoning their bombs and trailing smoke and damaged others so severly that it seemed highly unlikely they reached the nearest enemy bases So devastating was the allied at tack the enemy bombers never had a chance to drop their bombs on military targets Such bombs as were not jettisoned in wild flight struck in the bush outside the Darwin defense zone and started a few grass fires The fires were the only damage in one of the biggest Japanese raids It was the first enemy attack on Darwin since July 30 Then seven enemy fighters and two bombers were shot down out of a fleet of 22 zeroes and 27 bombers a total of 49 for fighter the loss of one allied Thus the score in two raids was at least 22 and probably 24 enemy planes downed out of 95 for an allied loss of one plane Over the northeastern zone while the Darwin force was smashing the enemy attack an al lied plane unit on offensive re connaissance bombed enemy buildings and the wharf area on Buka island at the northern end of the Solomons In the same area allied planes had dropped more than eight tons of bombs on the great enemy base at Ra baul in New Britain island in a night attack in the early hours of Saturday morning plastering the runway and the hangar area and had raided the airdrome in the Lae area of New Guinea In their attack on Darwin Sun day the Japanese evidently were making a determined attempt to knock out Hughes airdrome pos sibly in preparation for a more important attack which might di vert attention from the United Stales naval and marines attack in the southern Solomons It was understood that the allied fighters put into action for the first time new intercep tion technique which proved deadly to the enemy while it af forded the allied planes the maximum of protection The Japanese came in high spe cial dispatches from Darwin said trying to avoid the antiaircraft fire which had caused them trouble in previous raids The enemy planes were miles in the air when the American Curtiss planes dived on them The Zero fighter planes scat tered quickly to try to head off MacArthurs planes but it was too late One flight of the American planes bagged all three fighters in one of the enemy formations Then there was a wild series of dogfights miles over the Darwin area They lasted until long after the bulk of the enemy fleet had fled scattered for home A strange feature of the fight that not a singls Japanese was seen to attempt to parachute to safely One American pilot who downed a Zero over the sea reported I saw a parachute drifting down I flew over just to say Howdy but when I got there there was nobody in the para chute That was the only parachute seen Done by WPA Central Park Cannon Sought The old streetcar rails in Ma son Citys streets unused for nearly six years Monday were turned over to the works projects administration by the city coun cil at the request of the special projects branch of the war pro duction board for Iowa W The council passed a resolu tion agreeing to turn over the entire proceeds from the sale of the rails as metal scrap for tanks and guns to the WPA to defray partially the expense of their removal The WPA proposes doing the work this fall weather permitting City Manager Herbert T Bar clay explained to the councilmen that the WPA now has approxi mately 20 men in Cerro Gordo county available to do the work The resolution proposed by the WPA committed the city to no ex pense whatsoever in connection with removal of the rails and re paving of the streets he said bui the work might cost the city something for equipment rental The city had approximately S3 000 left after paying for some street repairs from the amoun turned over by the Peoples Gas and Electric company when the city took over the tracks the man ager said The WPA proposes to cut a channel about a foot wide for the removal of each track Mr Barclay explained and to repair the paving immediately with concrete all work being under the inspection and direction of the city engineer Rails shall be removed so tha traffic will be disturbed as littl as possible and no rails shall b removed unless and until the WPA is in position to proceed imme diately with restoration of pave ment the resolution provides A clause providing that the project shall be completed with 90 working days from the start o operations was inserted at the re quest of the city manager wh said that an extension could b given if needed The manager was asked to consult with local veterans or ganizations on the request by the iMason City salvage commit tee that the two old cannon in Central park be donated to the scrap metal drive the council to lake action at its regular meet ing Sept 8 City Solicitor Charles E Corn well was authorized to procee with condemnation of a triang of land belonging to Roy McAlis ter which is needed in order t extend Pennsylvania avenue fron Thirteenth to Fourteenth stree northeast American Mustang Planes Help Over Europe Cut in Tax Credit on dependents WASHINGTON The seu le finance committee voted ten itively Monday to cut to SSOO the 400 exemption for dependents oted by the house in individual ncomc taxes Chairman George D Go said he action taken on a 12fi vole vould add an estimated 000 00 to the 56271 000000 increase n federal revenue provided by he bill as it passed the hovisc The committee rejected a treas ury proposal to link the cut n dependency allowances with an nercase from S500 to SGOO in the personal exemption allowed single persons The committee voted to retain he house provision fixing ex emptions for married couples at British praised the performance of American built Mustang fighter planes such as above in combats with famed German FoekeWulf190s during Dieppe raid U S calls these planes P51s Place Brazil on War Footing Gets Divorce From Jessel States He Did Not Believe in Santa HOLLYWOOD Lois Andrews 18 won a divorce Monday from George Jessel 44 year old comedian on her testi mony that he was too old that he was jealous that he forced her to be punctual and that he did not believe in Santa Claus His age was a thing you just felt Miss Andrews told Judge Al fred E Paonessa Two years of married life was enough to con vince me that he is too old for me and I am too young for him Besides he doesnt believe in Santa Claus XRAY REVEALS THIEF PROVIDENCE R I mond Dufnult 29 of Fall River Mass denied stealing a S125 dia mond ring from a girl in a caCe but was sentenced to six months in jail when he complained of a pain and an Xray showed the ring in his stomach STEP UP OFF SHORE PATROLS Vargas Calls Weekly Cabinet Meetings With War Department Chiefs RIO DE JANEIRO government moved to put Brazil on a fullwar footing Monday tightening its control over Ger man and Italian nationals and taking special p r c c a u t i o n s against a possible tok en attack by axis sub m a rines knuwn to be lurking off this countrys long coastline Noisy d e m onstrations which accom panied Brazils entry into the VARGAS w a r Saturday died down Sunday and the nation was outwardly calm but the navy and air force stepped up their offshore patrols especially in the region of the Natal bulge which is only 1600 miles from Dakar Africa A desire for closest coopera tion with the United States in military and economic matters was evident in official quarters which obviously were preparing for a long hard war Informed sources said War Min ister General Eurico Caspar Du tra Navy Minister Admiral Aris tides Giulhem and Air Minister Joaquim Salgado Jr already were planning new moves to build up their respective forces It was expected that some light would be cast on these plans after Ihe first meeting of the war cabinet which will meet weekly for the duration under President Getulio Vargas Dutra has been strengthening the army numerically since April 8 when President Vargas au thorized him to increase the re serves The biggest step was taken June 17 when three of the most recent classes of those who served last year as con called up for active duty Report Argentine Will Give Brazil Use olHer Sea Ports Falls From Motorboat at Albert Lea Drowns ALBERT LEA Minn Henrichs was drowned Sunday in Fountain Lake when he fell from his motor boat as it made a short turn The body was recov ered 35 minutes later CHINESE TAKE LINCHWAN BASE United Stales Army Bombers Gave Aid in Important Siege CHUNGKING IVP Chinese forces have captured Linchwan Fuchow in central Kiangsi sec ond mostimportant Japanese base in the province the Chinese high command announced Monday night Linchwan on the Fu river GO miles southeast of Nanchang the main enemy base in the province has been under Chinese siege for two weeks United States army I armed planes supported the Chinese ground forces in the early phases of the siege The city was captured by the Japanese in June during their drive up the Fu river toward Fukien province It lies south of the ChekiangKiangsi railway along which the Chinese hitherto have scored their chief gains in a remarkable comeback campaign The Japanese withdrawal from Linchwan strengthened a wide spread belief here that the in vaders were pulling large forces out of east China An army spokesman had esti mated recently that the Japanese had some 20000 troops in Linch wan at that time A Chinese communique on the fall of the city said it was at tacked from several directions by troops which reached its walls at NonBelligerent Status Decree Considered at Cabinet Meeting BUENOS AIRES sources said Monday that n de cree granting Brazil nonbelligcr crt status in her war with Ger and Italy would be pre sented to a cabinet meeting Mon day afternoon and was expected to be approved for signature by President Ramon Castillo That would be the same offi cial altitude which Argentina took toward the entry of the United Slates into the war granting use of her ports to American nations regarded as nonbelligerent while keeping them closed lo the axis The tcport concerning the de cree came after Foreign Minister Enrique Ruiz Guinazu had con ferred with Castillo Ruiz Guinazu received Brazilian Ambassador RodriquezAlyes and the latter saidttie foreign minister had in formed him of the Argentine pol icy in view of the Brazilian entry into the war Uruguay across the broad river Plalte from The new rate of exemptions hus would be SI 200 for married couples an additional 5300 for each dependent and 5750 for single persons Emphasizing that the action of he committee was tentative Ueorge said that subsequent con sideration of proposals for post war refunds and for debt deduc tions might affect the exemption icale dawn Sunday charged on into the city and drove the Japanese out with more than 700 casualties VICHY PROTESTS US BOMBINGS French Say 48 Civilian Killed 101 Wounded i Air Attack on Rouen VICHY Vichy French government has protested to the United States against the United States army air forces raid of last Monday on Rouen it was disclosed Monday night The protest was interpreted here as meaning that Iicrrc La vals proaxis regime takes the attitude that all installations in occupied France nut actually of a German military nature re main under the protection if the Vicliy government It was considered to have raised the whole question of the govern ments attitude toward allied op erations in occupied France Since the United States main tains diplomatic relations with Vichy the government adopted the position that the United States has no right to make assaults on regions under its protection whether under German occupation or not The ailAmerican air raid on Rouen miic from Dieppe brought to her frontiers where he Canadians Americans and British staged a rcconnais Mincc raid in force last week was led by Brig Ger fra C Eaker commander of the bombing forces of the U S ill the European thea ter The great flying fortresses struck two days before the Dieppe landing presumably lo disrupt German communications and prevent their bringing up reinforcements swiftly The attack was directly against the railway yards where all trains in that section from the east or south must be switched The French said civilian casual tics were 58 killed 101 wounded and 6 houses destroyed Mercury Dips to Chilly 34 at Decorah DES KOINES got a taste of fall over the weekend when the mercury dropped to 34 degrees at Decorah and never climbed above 75 degrees any where in the state Sunday It was 38 in Mason City First reports to the weather bureau here indicated there was no frost or crop damage as a result of Sunday nights low tem perature The 75degrce reading was at Clarinda Warmer weather was forecast for the state Monday and Monday night TANKS FERRIED OVER RIVER AS PLANES BATTLE Nazi Attackers May Be No More Than 50 Miles From Stalingrad By JAMES M LONG Associated Tress War Editor Adolf Hitlers 11M2 drive to the southeast which started at Khar kov two months ago drew por tenliously toward its supreme test Monday in the fiercelyde fended T0mic corridor between the Don and the Volga at the ap proaches to Stalingrad and in the spurs of the Caucasian moun tains 100 miles from the Grozny oilfields and only 200 from the Caspian sea Sapped by staggering losses but yet to be checked the on slaught in those two months had rolled almost UnO miles due cast and fully GOD miles southeast virtually as far as the nazis 1341 thrust carried German arms across the Uk raine from the Carpathian mountain frontier of Rumania Y T h e Russians acknowledged Hint their defenses had been bent further back northwest and southwest of Stalingrad where they appeared determined to make another stand such as saved Leningrad and Moscow One major test was shaping up on the cast bank of the Don where the Germans won a new NAME NEEDHAM PRINTING CHIEF Ames Weekly Publisher Chosen to Succeed Shaw in State Position DES MOINES IIP Sherman Nccdham publisher of the Milepost weekly newspaper nt Ames was named slate supcrin endent of printing Monday ef fective Sept 1 by the Iowa prinl ng board He succeeds L M Shaw who resigned recently to resume active direction of his newspaper at Bal ford The post pays annually this neutral country prepared her s cant forces to face the double er by the Brazilian declaration and the reported presence of two German submarines off the At lantic coast Numbers of German and Ital ian nationals were attempting to escape from southern Brazil into Uruguays northern terri tories The police and army have been reinforced since Sat urday and arc now rounding up axis nationals who arc un able to show they arc legal Uruguayan residents v f Uruguayan police have forced Ital The many fleeing Germans and ians to return to Brazil frontier is sparsely settled mak ing the task of apprehension dif ficult Thus far no flight of axis nationals from Uruguay to Ar gentina has been reported but Uruguay also has increased fron tier guards on the Uruguay river Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGarcltc carrier boy Arrival of Largest U S Convoy Stirs Second Front Talk lowan Dies of Burns Following Collision By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Robert Wahlcrt 29 of Kxira died Sunday of burns suffered when he was involved in a motor cycletruck collision on highway i in Pottawattamic county The death brought the 1912 Iowa highway traffic fatality total lo to a figure of 34 for a comparable period last year Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Monday afternoon much warmer Mon day night and Tuesday fore noon IOWA Somewhat warmer Mon day afternoon through Tuesday forenoon except not much change in temperature in ex treme southwest portion Mon day night MINNESOTA Warmer Monday bridgehead in terrific fighting southeast of Klctskaya perhaps no more than SO miles from the city named for Premier Stalin A soviet communique said Rus sian troops and tanks were wag ing another fierce battle south west of Stalingrad with a German tnnk column which pierced into Russian defenses from the Kot clnikovski salient also beyond the Don Most acute was the menace of German tanks ferried across the Don northwest of Stalingrad under airforce protection after the Russians had smashed four previous nayi bridgeheads H Russian dispatches pointed out that the Don is less than 500 yards wide at the bend and said the slowflowing shallow water would constitute only a miivor barrier to reinforcements if the Germans were able lo widen their foothold on the east bank The German high command said the force which crossed the river pressed eastward and broke through strongly constructed ene my defense positions1 German dispatches quoted a Berlin foreign office spokesman ns saying the great and decisive battle for Stalingrad has now be gun Farther north along the Don and on battlefronts northwest and southwest of Moscow the Ger mans acknowledged that the Rus sians had the initiative but said the red armys assaults were re pulsed Deep in the Caucasus hard pressed Russian forces with drew southeast of IyaliKorsW tn a new defense line ciiardmc the way to Grozny iirodiicinc center of approximately 15 per cent of Russias oil One hundred miles beyond Grozny the Caucasus rail and oil pipelines turn south along the shores of the Caspian through the ancient caravan pass between the sea and the mountains to the great oil region of Baku The fields there arc little more than 10 miles north of the Iraq frontier where Gensir Henry Mail land Wilson who led the British expeditionary force in Greece heads a imperial fighting command announced over the weekend LOCATIOX OF TANKS CROSSING NOT DISCLOSED MOSCOW tT The Russians night and cast and south por1 battled resolutely Monday in the LONDON arrival of still another American the greatest more thou sands of fightingfit United States troops stirred British observers anew Monday to speculation on a second front The size of the convoy so large that its laden troopships and transports scattered o many British ports to unload men and weapons now dis persed among waiting American bases accounted only partly for the predictions of second front possibilities Britons noted also the prepar edness of the Americans for ab sorbing reinforcements the front line caliber of the men sent to this war theater the material which accompanied them the va riety of branches they repre sented the emphasis on air strength in both men and supplies and the psychological moment of their arrival The announcement that the vast sea train had disgorged new fighting strength on British soil came while London papers were filled with comment analyzing Prime Minister Churchills recent mission to Moscow and calling last weeks battle of Dieppe only a portent of things to come Because of 21 hour a day setting up huge bases in Britain the Americans now arc able to absorb ground forces at a greatly accelerated pace and the striking power of the air force it was pointed out can be doubled and redoubled quickly now that the months of preliminary preparation arc be hind it V f The eagerness of the new United States troops for their motto is Lets get it over their smart well drilled appearance at the debar kation ports accented the state ment of Maj Gen Mark Clark commander of U S ground troops in the European zone that only outfits were being sent They were escorted by E pow erful force of United States navy ships On the American side army planes shepherded the convoy far out to sea and British planes picked it up on this side Once during the voyage the conovoy veered sharply to a new crack1 here course when submarine activity was reported nearby Soon after the convoy left the United States there was a moment of excitement when a destroyer dropped death charges But a derelict merchant man wreck had been mistaken for a submarine and the only result of the bombing was that a slick made up of lemon extract ap peared on the surface At other times the warships which varied in number and size according to the danger of each particular ocean zone engaged in gun prac tice which kept the troops amused lions Tuesday forenoon IN AIASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday fifi Minimum Sunday night 38 At R a m Monday 52 As the mercury dipped lo the lowest in the summer months slight trace of frost was re ported in lowlands YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 56 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 72 Minimum Saturday 47 At 8 a m Sunday 35 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 53 Precipitation 25 11 arrow Mat corridor between the Don and the Volga to halt German forces which finally had consoli dated a river crossing and struck out for Stalingrad probably only 40 miles away Another thrust at the great in dustrial city moved slowly ahead at terrific cost on the Kotelnikov ski sector southwest of Stalingrad along a railway leading from the Black sea The midday communique re ported n violent struggle south cast of Klctskaya where the Ger mans had reached the cast bank of the Don Tanks which ferried the placid river constituted the greatest threat to Stalingrad T The exact location of he tank only after Russian artillery and ;