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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 24, 1939

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 24, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME S HIST WEU ART D E P T OF C 0 M P Of S THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THI 8RK3HT SKT VOLXLV ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES VIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 241939 TWS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 272 HITLER DEMANDS FREE HAND If f If V V V F V T V f f f T f T T T T f I F R Appeals to Stands by Polish Pledge ByPAULMALlOH NaziRussian Wedding Shocked Washington When a friend phoned a Russian expert of this government the news that the communists had made some kind of marriage settlement with the nazis he re fused to believe it Next day after reading official an nouncements of the nuptials from Berlin and Moscow he still refused to be lieve it but with a small cough laugh that indicated his doubt might continue even FORSTER HEADS DANZIG IN NEW SETUP ON RULE Frontiers With Poland Reported to Have Been Closed on Both Sides DANZIG decree Thurs day proclaimed Danzig nazi lead er Albert Forster head of the Danzig state Forster supplants Arthur Crei ser president of the ruling Dan British Fleet Ready for Emergency Paul Malltra after the text had been made pub lic and the child born if any This littleminor incident is all revealing of the extent of the shock felt on high here No one had a tip Jon it Stalin himself or mr one of his closest pals not the II Moscowforeign office apparently made the il directly with Hitler not with i von Ribbentrop with no ocelistening in Nevertheless there was plenty of advance warning In February this government received a confi dential dispatch from abroad sug gesting that the north and south poles of the political were considering consummation Earlier on Jan 27 high in this column was the note Dont let the idea fall out of the back of your head that Hitler may wangle a deal out of Stalin Stranger things have happened Some definite hints are now available here on this It is at least as good a possibility as zig senate The nazi party is politically dominant in Danzig Forsters appointment was taken to mean a new governmental set up It was understood the decree makes Forster the fuehrer and dictator of the free city Since Versailles Danzig has been under the tutelage of the league of nations with Poland di recting its foreign affairs The league is represented by a high commissioner who was to settle disputes between Danzig and Po land The high commissioner Prof Karl L Burckhardt recently visit ed Berchtesgaden and conferred ASolf HitlerVwho was have givert hiirf Greiser wrote to Forster saying the senate decided tooffer Forster the title of head of the state and Thursl day had put it into effect Forster replied accepting the F R PLEA FOR PEACE GIVEN TO KING OF ITALY President Voices Hope Emmanuel Will Exert Efforts to Avoiding War WASHINGTON Roosevelt renewed Thursday his efforts to avert a European war by appealing to King Victor Em manuel of Italy to formulate pro posals for a pacific solution of the This is the latest picture of some of the dozens of ships in Britains reserve fleet anchored at Wey mouth with the flagship H M S Effingham in the foreground This is one of the many British units ready for any emergency that might arise in Europe Among the ships in the background are destroy ers and minesweepers British French to Leave Moscow NEGOTIATIONS ARE BROKEN OFF But no one believed these mani festationswith sufficient continu ing firmness After all Hitler rode to power on the main principle of the suppression of communism The communists have always had a miVd secondary hate for Musso lini but a primary authentic despise jltjr Hitlejh No of could pos was particularly insane to Ameri cans of Christian or other prin ciples To them it naturally seemed impossible that any one or two men could throw away the central themes and justifications of their careers in leading people to join in cooperation which violated every principle they ever uttered Appetite Explanation But if you toss out God and all principles and get down to the jungle justification common among animals below the grade of dogs you will find it is not at all unreasonable unexpected or even surprising Appetite is the explanation Germany needs Russian wood petroleum manganese ore and strenuously i These basic considerations have not been changed by the well timed mesalliance of fascism and communism They have been strengthened if anything For while officialdom here was com pletely surprised by the commu nists joining the anticommunist bloc it did not immediately ac cept the worldshaking interpre tations generally placed upon the maneuver Every competent offi cial source wanted to wait to see the loopholes in the actual text Even then no one can be sure that some addenda or crossed fingers are not hidden away in Moscow or Berlinsleeves Stalin has read Mein Kampf Therefore he knows that Hitler wants the Russian Ukraine What could be sweeter in an un principled world than that both should sacrifice everything they have ever stood for in order to get what they hunger for at the mo ment Ktnc Features lac It is selfevident in these de cisive days he said that I ac cept as leader of the national so cialist party and I accept the leadership of the state Danzig was reported Thursday to have closed its frontier to Po land German quarters declared the Poles holding up food shipments into Danzig It was Decision Is Reached After Ribbentrop Gets Nonaggression Pact MOSCOW British and French military missions were re ported reliably Thursday to have decided to leave Moscow Friday definitely breaking off negotia tions with soviet Russia for a threepower mutual assistance pact This decision was reached afttr Nazi Troops Rady to Back no frontier traffic Usually reliable German sources said that Poland had closed its frontier facing Danzig Early morning bathers reported that Polish guns had fired 10 shots at a Danzig sport airplane and that shell fragments had fallen in the streets of Zoppot inside free city territory claimed the Poles were permitting Germanys foreign minister Joach im von Hibbentrop left Moscow by airplane at p m to report to Adolf Hitler on his successful completion of a nonaggression pact with soviet Russia Swastika flags were interspersed with soviet red banners as decora tions to the entrances of the huge Moscow civil airdrome when von Ribbentrop arrived at the airfield Members of the British and French military missions obtained their passports and visas Wednes day night and were expected to fly back to Paris and London Fri day CONFERS WITH DEWEY OWOSSO Mich Harrison E Spangler of Cedar Rapids Iowa national republican com mitteeman from the Hawkeye state conferred Wednesday with Thomas E Dewey New York dis trict attorney who is vacationing here BULLETINS PARIS circles reported Thursday night that all communication between France and Poland had been disrupted since 5 p m 10 a m LONDON grave were the British fears that a perma nent blackout of London start ing Thursday night was ordered as precaution against surprise air raids LONDON vith Warsaw and other Polish cities by telephone and telegraph vas interrupted Thursday night and the postoffice department vhich has charge of these utilities n Britain said it could not say when communications could be resumed AVARS AW will refuse to tolerate a Danzle an schlnss with Germany authori tative sources declared defiant ly Thursday after the govern ment had protested to Berlin two alleged invasions of the Polish frontier by armed German bands TOKIO Japanese army and navy have agreed on the necessity of pursuing an independ ent international military policy the navy spokesman said Thurs day but will cooperate with friendly powers as much as pos sible The statement was madi after the signing in Moscow of thi GermanSoviet nonaggression pact LONDON Secre tary Lord Halifax in a worldwid broadcast Thursday night said h earnestly prayed that the appeal GALL WALKOUT AT OTTUMWA PWOC Orders Action at Morrell Plants Picket Lines Form OTTUMWA No 1 f the Packinghouse Workers Or anizing committee CIO called a walkout at the packing plant of Fohn Morrell and company here Thursday morning Employes were still leaving the lant at 10 a m and union lead ers were forming a picket line They said no one would be al lowed to enter the plant Trucks arrying materials for a new juitaing were turned back The CIO union and the Morrell rnanagement have been meeting in recent weeks but had come to no settlement The union had de manded a closed shop and check offconditions refused by the company G M Foster vice president of John Morrell and company said at p m Thursday that less than 1000 workers had walked out and that more than 1000 remained inside the plant Lawrence Jacobsen CIO organ izer and director of the strike said that 2500 men had walked outarid that all functions of the plant other than those necessary to its maintenance and protection would be prohibited Friday of King Leopold President Roose velt and Pope Pius for peace migh find a response in the hearts o Zero Houi Expected After Ribbentrops Report to Hitler By LOUIS P LOCHNER BERLIN troops stood ready Thursday to back up Adolf Hitlers demands upon Po land and the British government notified its consuls to advise Brit ish nationals in Germany to leave Simultaneously the United Statev embassy for the first time began to tell citizens it would be best for them also to depart With the nazis seeking the es tablishment of Germanys prewar eastern boundaries one high for eign office official declared it was very necessary for Polish For eign Minister Jozef Beck to go to Hitler quickly in his Bavarian mountain retreat Envisaging a possible rerenact ment by Beck of the trip to Hit lers chalet last March by Presi dent Emil Hacha of CzechoSlo vakia the foreign official said The Poles know exactly what we want of them The inference was that Poland had been apprised fully of Ger manys demands but that perhaps no zero hour yet had been set for her reply This zero hour was expected Thursday night after Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribben trop following the swift conclu sion of the RussianGerman nonaggression pact returned from Moscow There was a feeling that the LOOK INSIDE FOR DIES FROM INJURIES CLINTON Robert Lutz 16 died of injuries resulting from an automobile crash Sunday in which Harold Gertz 19 was killed almost instantly best guess was that there would be an ultimatum to Poland of only a few hours Polands only hope to avoid war then would be to send her foreign minister to Berchtesgaden to cap itulate Dont think for one moment that Hitler wants war one spokesman said Nobody would be happier than our fuehrer if the Poles accepted our conditions without blood shed At the same time in the Tvake of the signing of the Russian German pact there were indi cations that a clear understand ing already existed between Berlin and Moscow as to what to do about Poland in the event of war French Ambassador Robert Coulondre Wednesday night pre sented what was believed to have been a reaffirmation of the French governments intention to stand by Poland The envoy called at the foreign office with his governments mes sage following a similar visit to Hitler Wednesday by British Am bassador Sir Nevile Henderson Movements of troops and guns became more apparent in Berlin Antiaircraft units some mov ing in civilian trucks rumbled up Unter den Linden present crisis The president sent word to the king that if the Italian govern ment could do so you are as sured of the earnest sympathy of the United Slates Again a crisis in world affairs makes clear the responsibility o heads of nations lor the fate o their own people and indeed o humanity itself It is because o traditional accord between Italy and the United Stales and the tie of consanguinity between million of our citizens that I feel that can address your majesty in behal of the maintenance of world peace Ambassador William Phillips on arrangements made by Musso lini and Foreign Minister Coun Ciano had an audience with Kin Victor Emmanuel and presente the presidents message orally The text of the communicatio then made public Here by Secretary Hull as the president himself hurried back to Washing ton for conferences The president told the king It is my belief and that of the American people that your majes ty and your majestys government can greatly influence the averting of an outbreak of war Any general war would cause to suffer all nations whether bel ligerent or neutral whether vic tors or vanquished and woul1 clearly bring devastation to the peoples and perhaps to the gov ernments of some nations most directly concerned This was the second appeal ad dressed by this government to Italy in four months The first was made by Secretary Hull on behaH of the president to Mussolini April 14 at the same time that the president sent his appeal to Hitler Hull said Thursday he did not recall that any reply had ever been received to the message to Musso lini A high government official said Thursday the only step left open for the United States in the Eu ropean crisis was a reiteration of its desire for peace Meanwhile President Roose velt had returned to Washington 1 to confer with officials having cut short his vacation cruise FRENCH DOUBTFUL OF MOVES SUCCESS PARIS sources viewed President Roosevelts peace initiative with considerable sym pathy but little hope for its suc cess The situation they said was too grave for the King of Italy even backed by so strong an appeal as that of the American president to do much good Americans Now in Europe Are Advised to Return to U S Peace Hopes Still Held But Nations Prepare Armies for War By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British Prime Minister Chamberlain told the house of ommons Thursday that Adolf Hitler had demanded a free land in eastern Europe and had declared that any country hat interfered would be to blame for an ensuing war But the prime minister told a tense house that Britain stood by her obligations to Poland In Italy United States Ambassador William Phillips delivered to King Vittorio Emanuele a personal message from President Roosevelt in behalf of the maintenance of world peace A copy of the message Phillips left with the kingwas communicated to the Italian foreign ministry in Rome The Crisis By The Associated Press London Chamberlain tells commons Germany demands free hand in eastern Europe cheers greet his statement Brit ain stands by her pledge to Po land Daladier plans national union government France calls up fifth reservist class emergency troops speed to German and Italianfrontiers troops re ported to have occupied fin estate threequarters of a mile wilhin Poland nation takes swift steps to face any gency more reservists reported called to colors States Ambas sador Phillips hands King Vit torio Emanuele of Italy a per sonal message from President Roosevelt in behalf of the maintenance ot world peace troops ready for Hitlers command Berlin Moscow nonaggression accord swings Soviet Russia from Brit ishFrench front German re solve to settle Polish even at cost of grows clearer British consuls advise nationals to leave Ger many Americans advised to de part City senate designates Nazi Leader Albert Forster as chief of state and French military missions reported abandoning threepower mutual assistance negotiations new pact pledges Germany and Rus sia to stay out of any other grouping of powers against either nation step left open for United States said to be reiteration of desire for peace President Roosevelt heads back to capital In Great Britain France and Germany United States officials advised Americans to return home Chamberlain spoke as the hour for a showdown between Poland and Germany seemed imminent God knows I have done all that is possible in efforts for peace he said As Chamberlain spoke Premier Daladier France mapped plans to form a national union govern ment jnthat countryf The house cheered Chamber lains assertion that Russia while discussing a mutual assistance agreement with Britain and Ffance had been negotiating se cretly with Germany for purposes which on the face of it were in consistent with the objects of their brcign policy as we understood t Speaking against the background of a rapidly arming Europe the prime minister asked parliament o enact nn emergency powers nil giving the government vir tually dictatorial authority to deal with any emergency The cheers that rose from all sides of the house at the close nis 33minute speech indicated quick acceptance of his demand As we think so shall we act unitedly Chamberlain said solemnly and the house rose and cheered The prime minister said Hit lers claim to a freehand in east ern Europe without interference came as a reply to a message de livered to the German chancellor Wednesday through the British ambassador in Berlin Sir Neviie Henderson This message Chamberlain said restated Britains own position Hope that peace might be pre served persisted but nations were preparing for any emergency Two events indicated that the c Eyes of World on This Area Concludes Historic GermanRussian Pact PAGE 2 Worth Fair Booked 3 Days at Northwood PAGE 3 Champs Beat All Star North Central Players PAGE 16 Report Germany Agrees to Soviet Zone of Influence LONDON re sponsible diplomatic sources re ceived information Thursday that Germany had agreed to give the soviet union a zone of influence in the Balfic Esthonia Latvia Finland and a part of the deal leading to conclusion of the non aggression accord Cross Line WARSAW circles reported Thursday that a German patrol crossed the Polish border Thursday morning and oc cupied an estate about three quarters of a mile within Polish I territory near Ilawa The Weather FORECAST Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday somewhat warmer Thursday night and in northeast portion Friday MINNESOTA Fair warmer In extreme west portion Thurs day night Friday partly cloudy and somewhat warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 15 Minimum Wednesday night 17 At 8 a m Thursday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum flO Minimum 65 Tension along the GermanPolish border rose to a new high as AdolC Hitler announced demands on Poland lhat would result in a German protectorate or dismemberment The fuehrer was also re ported to have indicated that he would go to war if the demands were not met This Associated Press map spots some of the high points in the fast developing crisis ;