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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 23, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIV AwocUUd FTCM and United Prex Full Five Centi Copy I One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Hows the Marshall Plan Working Out W7HILE the Marshall plan for bringing about Europes eco nomic recovery is in its initia stages and not accurately apprais able on a longterm basis there are certain straws in the wind which may be helpful in judging the future in western Europe The United States News in a recent issue took an inventory oJ these preliminary criteria pro vided by correspondents in Lon don Paris Frankfurt Rome and Washington and came up with a report which in the main would have to be set down as hopeful The burden of its story is that conditions in all of the 17 coun tries of western Europe blanketed by Americas European recovery program are definitely better to day than they were a year ago and appreciably better than they were in 1945 when the war came to an end Germany and Italy Lae The survey suggests that in Germany and Italy the comeback of industry and agriculture has lagged most Indications are that this lag is more attributable to peculiar political strains and stresses which have occurred since the war than to the fact that Ger many and Italy suffered most in the war Western Europe says the United News report is far from selfsupporting But recovery finding a base in Marshall plan dollars and in Europes own hard work is real enough to cause sat isfaction Industrial output in these 17 western European nations the re port adds is up 22 per cent over last year Goods are rolling out at a rate 90 per cent as high as in prewar 1937 the last prosperous prewar year Food Prospects Good Throughout Europe agriculture this year is producing a near bumper crop of grain with the promise that food is to be more abundant rationing less seyere than at any time during or since the war For this of course the weather man not the Marshall planners can take a bow Going down the list of nations participating in the benefits and the obligations of the Marshall plan the observers found the sit uation to be shaping up somewhat as follows In Britain the output of manu factured goods is running about 15 per cent above the 1937 level largely due to a sharp climb since early last year Agricultural pro duction again thanks primarily to the weather is 50 per cent above last year in foodstuffs while British exports by the end of the year promise to reach 150 per cent of prewar shipments France Above 1937 As is true of Britain France is getting more goods from her fac tories from her farms Industrial output has passed the 1937 level but France isnt hitting the pace set in Britain on exports Money troubles a subject to be touched on later in this com mentary are plaguing France Belgium and Holland the low countries have been leading the parade in the recovery march Their workers are really working and the weather has been kind to limited but lertile farm ds Switzerland never has been and isnt now a problem child Her industrial production is 120 per cent of 1937 and her monetary system is Europes best Norway Leads Scandinavia Norway is leading the recovery march among the Scandinavian countries with a peak of 126 per cent over 1937s industrial produc tion with Denmark following closely with 124 and Sweden trail ing with 110 Harvest prospects are bright in all 3 countries Greece brings down the Mar shall plan average with an indus trial production only 68 per cent as great as in 1937 Guerrilla war fare and its consequent low morale figure heavily in this although in fairness it should be noted that economic conditions in Greece now are better than a year ago The same general observation made of Greece is applicable to Italy Italys industrial output is approximately 23rds of 1937 un der Mussolini but her production of bread grains promises to be about the same Unstable money and an unemployment roll of 2 250000 are a part of Italys head ache Austria Doubles In Year Austria at least that part oc cupied by the western allies is further ahead industrially than Italy with production just short of 90 per cent of the 1937 total It has almost doubled in the past year Economic stability in Aus tria waits on a toolong deferred peace treaty its generally agreed In western Germany the nerve center of western Europes eco system the situation causes gravest concern Despite the very special attention given to the Ruhr valley industrial production this year is running less than half of the 1937 figure with food produc tion down about the same The United States News report from Frankfort however pointed to iigns of an Impending spurt of Continued On Pwe 2 MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 23 1948 This Consists of Two One No 27S SCENE OF MYSTERIOUS Willey points to foundation of his house which was destroyed in one of a series of fires of mysterious origin on his farm near Mc Comb 111 Fires which destroyed the home were described as starting in the wallpaper and later in the walls A second barn was destroyed Aug 19 while 2 others in chicken and milkhouses were discovered in time and extinguished Church Meet Opens Business Council Secretary Regrets Absences Amsterdam The Netherlands fP The world council of hurches opened its first business ession Monday on a note of re jret at the absence of any official from communions of the Roman Catholic the Rus ian Orthodox the Southern United States Baptist and the Missouri Synod of the Lutheran church The absence of these commun ons was explained by Dr W W Visser T Hooft general secretary of the world council Invitations lad stated that if official partici pation were not desired unoffi cial observers would be welcomed rom the communions The Russian churchs decision o decline was made at a confer ence of the Eastern Orthodox hurch in Moscow in July Dr T iooft explained It was said at he conference that unofficial ob ervers affiliated with the Rus ian church outside of the Soviet Union were present A resolution adopted at the VIpscow conference Dr T Hooft aid describes our movement as a body which is not really con erned with the unity of the church but rather with the gain ng of political and social influ ence Traffic Toll Reaches 308 Over Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Iowas 1948 traffic death toll ose to 308 over the weekend Harvey Cassatt 18 died in Mer hospital at Davenport Sunday f injuries suffered several hours earlier in an autotruck collision highway 6 near Walcott Clifford Evans 36 of Hopkin on died in an Anamosa hospital of injuries suffered Friday night when the truck he was driv ng crashed into a tree south of Anamosa Five other persons were iniured n the accident near Walcott Dep uty Sheriff Joe Atkinson said the ar driven by William Lindsay 10 Davenport collided with a emitrailer truck driven by Ho mer Hanneman of Omaha At Council Bluffs Harry W 32 died in a hospital iiinday of burns suffered when is truck caught fire after a col ision at Glenwood Thursday Joe Wells 30 Maquoketa was Sunday in a cartruck col ision north of Maquoketa Ortha Potter 68 of Cleghorn died of injuries suffered in an automobile collision Sunday 4 miles northwest of Cherokee on a ounty road Hundreds Homeless After Italy Quake Rome An earth tremor aused damage Monday in south east Italy Hundreds were re ported homeless Press dispatches said many houses collapsed and 300 persons re homeless at Montesantangelo near SAME Black means traffic death put 24 Expert Says Pyromaniac May Have Set Farms Ghost Fires Macomb 111 said Monday that the mysterious fires which destroyed most of Charley Willeys farm buildings may have been set by a pyro maniac who enjoyed the nation wide attention they brought He probably mingled among the crowds and laughed as the buildings went up in smoke one after another said Prof John Ahern of the Illinois Institute of Technology Fire Chief Fred Wilson and State Fire Marshal John Craig also said they believed an arson ist was responsible for the spec tacular series of blazes Authorities said they had no clues to the identity of a gloating firebug but Wilson said he was sure the Willeys were in the clear He said their insurance was far from enough to cover the loss of their home and 2 barns A pyromaniac is a man who sets fires just for the joy of it said Ahern I think the one who set Willeys farm on fire is tickled pink at all this publicity State authorities launched a fullscale investigation of the fires but they were hampered by more than 1000 curiosity seekers who have gathered at the Willey farm North Iowa Men on State Farm Bureau Resolutions Group Des Moines UR Iowa Farm Bureau president Howard Hill an nounced the members of the groups official resolutions com mittee Monday He said Richard Stephens fordsville as vice president of the Iowa Farm Bureau is automati cally chairman of the committee Other members of the resolu tions committee are H H Sers land Decorah Donovan Kruse Charles City Mac Logan Esther ville Robert Center Glidden Howard Mitchum Marshalltown Thomas Anderson Traer Harry Foresman Fort Madison Ed Wil din St Charles and James Win ston Atlantic Hill said Miss Mae Zarr Chero kee president of the Iowa Rural Youth Assembly will serve on the committee in an advisory capa city He said the committee will draft the official program for the or ganization for next year ANDERSON APPOINTED Washington national security resources board has an nounced appointment of Rear Ad miral Thomas Carlyle Anderson Shefield Iowa to head a unit dealing with medical and related manpower Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued hot Monday night and Tuesday High Tuesday 95 to 100 Low Monday night 72 to 76 Iowa Fair and continued hot through Tuesday Low Monday middle 70s IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 94 Minimum 75 At 8 a m Monday 83 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 97 66 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 90 Minimum 55 At 8 a m Sunday 73 Maximum Sunday 94 YEAR AGO Maximum 99 Minimum 70 CoOperation Edict Given Military Chiefs Talk on Service Problems Washington American military chiefs laid down the edict Monday that army navy and air force must each call on aid from the others when that will pro mote effectiveness and econ omy of operations This pronouncement came in a statement from Secretary of De fense Forrestal on what was ac complished at weekend meetings of top military officials at New port R I Forrestal also said 1 There was discussion of broad strategic matters of par ticular interest in the current in ternational situation 2 Current scientific develop ments were surveyed in an effort to insure that the armed services in both operational logistical fields will keep abreast of the latest capabilities of various types of weapons and their appropriate employment The announcement referred to aid and cooperation among the services in reporting that the New port meeting clarified and ex tended the socalled key west agreement Forrestal met with military chiefs at Key West Fla last March to work out an understand ing of what duties each service had under the consolidation of all services under a single depart ment of defense China Banks Reopen After 3Day Close Shanghai lines form ed at Chinas banks Monday as they reopened after a 3day holi day in which the nations cur rency was overhauled But large holders did not join the rush to convert their gold or U S or foreign currency into the new Chinese gold yuan Bank observers believe they are wait for more specific information on how to convert their holdings There were no indications of un easiness Central bank quarters said deposits were far greater than withdrawals Mercury Hits 102 No Relief Promised Stalin Meets With Envoys From West Conference Appears to Be Climax of Series of Talks Moscow Josef Stalin met with envoys of the United States Britain and France Monday night in what appeared to be the climatic meeting of a series seeking to end the EastWest cold war in Germany The conference 6th in a series which began late last month opened at the Kremlin at 9 p m 12 p m Also present for Russia was Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov who has conducted most of the negotiations U S Ambas sador Walter Bedell Smith special British Envoy Frank Roberts and French Ambassador Yves Chataig neu represented the western pow ers At issue as the diplomats began what was believed almost certain to be the final meeting of the series were these questions 1 The Berlin blockade imposed by Russia The western powers are asking that it be lifted im mediately to make it possible for them to supply the 2000000 Ger mans in the western sectors of Berlin by rail and barge rather than by air lift 2 The future of Germany Rus sia is believed to have demanded that the western powers quit pushing plans for a separate west German state and engage in new 4power negotiations regarding the problem of Germany Soft Coal Miners to Get Pensions Washington a month pension checks are coming soon to eligible soft coal miners Machinery is being put in or der with a view to mailing out the 1st checks in September Officials of the United Mine workers welfare fund disclosed over the weekend that pension application forms have been sent to all local unions These are the major require ments for a pension A bituminous coal miner must be at least 62 years old He must have had 20 years serv ice in the industry He must be a member of the United Mine Workers He must have retired after May 28 1946 There has been no estimate of how many aged and retired soft coal miners might apply for pen sions LORD TALBOT DIES Dublin UR Talbot De Malhide great grandson of John sons biographer Sir James Bos well died Sunday He was 76 He was a noted racehorse owner and holder of the hereditary title Lord Admiral of Malhide and Adjacent Seas 3 American Officials Are Released by Russian Army Berlin Russians rei leased Monday 3 U S military government officials they had seized in blockaded Berlin and in southern Germany The British in turn set free Franz Erdmann head of the crim inal division of the Russiancon trolled eastern Berlin police He was arrested at a boxing match Sunday and accused of abduction of western Berlin police and pre sumption of authority charges that still will stand While tension was eased a little by the crosszone deliveries Rus sian soldiers crossed into the American sector of Berlin and ar rested a German photographer He was the 10th German seized since Thursday by the Russians and their German police either in the western parts of Berlin or along the border The Americans released Mon day were Thomas P Headen deputy head of the American military govern ment information services division in Berlin He was abducted Sun day in Potsdamer Platz where the Russian American and British zones meet It was not clear whether he had stepped across the vague boundary Lt Sherman Turner of Council Bluffs Iowa and Roland Myers of Brooklyn American military government officers were seized 18 days ago while on a border inspection Atom Workers Might Be Out Contractors Threaten to Find New Labor Los Alamos N Mex Atomic energy contractors threat ened to look elsewhere for labor if AFL union men do not return to work Monday The work stoppage at the gov ernments atomic energy plant be gan Wednesday when more than 3000 maintenance and service em ployes went fishing to protest the hiring of 115 nonunion men by the Brown Root Construction Co Houston Tex The atomic energy commission said shortly after the walkout be gan that the work stoppage seri ously threatened the nations atomic weapons program Spanish War Veterans Meet Washington hun dred Spanish war veterans many of them clad in colorful uniforms the army has long since forgotten met Monday for their 50th nation al encampment The 1948 convention which is attended by about 900 delegates was opened formally with a joint meeting of veterans and members of affiliated groups in Constitu tion hall Horace M Havner of Des Moines la commanderinchief of the United Spanish War vet erans delivered the welcoming address O W Clark Assistant U S Veterans Administrator was the principal speaker TRUMAN AT ACADEMYPresident Truman interrupted his 9day cruiso on Wilhamsburgto attend church services at the naval academy at Annapolis Md Sunday wfmnrnmTd3tPmev chapel for services are from left to right Fleet Adm William D Leahy chief of staff to the commander in chief Truman and Rear Adm James L Holloway superintendent of the academy Directly behind are unidentified members of the presidential party Sioux City Man Named Finance Director for Democratic Committee Washington of Arthur Sanford Sioux City real estate dealer as Iowas fi nance director for the democratic national committee was a n nounced Monday Joe L Blythe treasurer of the national committee said Sanford has been active in the party in Iowa for 20 years and was a dele gate to the 1944 and 1948 conven tions Sanford has never held a public office Girl Has 91 Chance to Live Doctors Examine Pamela Lamphere Chicago medical ex perts have decided that mal formed Pamela Frances Lamphere has a 9tol chance of surviving the prescribed corrective surgery over which her young parents be came estranged The physicians examined 22 months old baby Sunday at the request of Superior Judge Walter R OMalley and said that the 1st of a series of operations should be performed within the next 2 months The child was born with her bladder outside her body Judge OMalley appointed the 6 specialists to make the examina tion and recommendations to the court after the childs father Fred Lamphere 23 asked the court to order the operation The mother Irene 21 had first refused to permit the operation Since the court hearing however she has changed her mind She said she has heard recently of sev eral other similar cases in which surgery was successful Condition of Red Teacher Is Improved New York Oksana Kosenkina the runaway school teacher who leaped to freedom from the Russian consulate was reported improving slightly from her injuries Monday at Roosevelt hospital Authorities said she has shown continuous improvement since she was taken off the critical list on Saturday Meanwhile no statement was forthcoming from Soviet Consul General Jacob Lomakin whose recall has been demanded by the U S government because of his highhanded management of the Kosenkina case Lomakin reportedly weekended at a Russian owned estate on Long Island Harvester Firm Studies Proposal to End Strike Chicago of the International Harvester company Monday studies a new union pro posal for settling a weekold strike at 7 Harvester plants Richard Gosser vice president of the striking CIO United Auto Workers delivered a package offer to the company late Sunday night He would not disclose its terms Union spokesman said however that the offer might lead to crucial developments possibly Monday when company and union negotiators resume contract talks The dispute centers on the unions dissatisfaction with al leged pay inequities wage cutting through time studies and other contract provisions The union also wants additional paid holidays A total of 24000 Harvester workers walked off their jobs last Tuesday Texas has over 17000 miles of main railroad lines 30000 miles of bus and truck lines and 180000 miles of roads See U S Army Ad on Page 2 High Marks Expected for 2 More Days Corn Soybeans Wilt in Heat Thousands of Acres Beyond Help The mercury climbed above the 100 mark Monday and the weath erman promised no relief before Thursday The temperature was reported at 102 degrees at the KGLO transmitter on the west outskirts of Mason City briefly be tween 1 and p m Between and 2 it reached a high of 100 degrees at the Mason City municipal airport according to the CAA communications and weather station It was 100 degrees at p m Corn and soybeans were wilting in the heat and Elmer W Krause Cerro Gordo county AAA chair man said that thousands of acres already have been hurt beyond any help if showers should come now The sandy river bottoms southeast oj Mason City are worst off he safd with many acres of both corn and beans killed by the drought The area from Clear Lake east in North Iowa Krause said is the worst hit except for small patches which have had heavier showers than their neighbors during the last month From Clear Lake west he said crops are in very good condition Fill Silos Many farmers are filling silos with the damaged corn the AAA chairman said to save as much of it as possible The current hot spell he added comes at a particularly bad time because soybeans particularly are just filling the pods Vines that are killed now by the drought will never make any beans The breeze brought some relief to humans Monday even though it was hot The CAA reported the southwest wind at 35 miles an hour plus strong gusts at Mason City Mason City High Mason Citys mark of 102 was the high temperature recorded in Iowa during the early afternoon although the entirestate was blis tering under a baking sun The weather bureau at Des Moines said it was not unlikely that the seas ons previous high of 103 at Sioux Rapids and Mason City on July 6 would be equalled or passed The mercury touched an even 100 degrees in Des Moines and Ottumwa had an official reading of 101 It was 102 at La Crosse Wis indicating that northeast Iowa was sweltering Lowest midafternoon reading reported to the weather bureau was 94 at Davenport Kids Heirs of Bambino Ruths Will Provides for American Children New York Ruth set aside part of his estate to be used for the interests of the kids of America his will showed Mon day The will provided for the home run kings widow and daughters and left 10 per cent of the re mainder for the kids It was filed in surrogates court for probate Monday Ruths attorney Melvin G Low enstein declined to estimate the total value of the estate After Mrs Ruths death one tenth of the residue of the estate will go to The Babe Ruth Foun dation Inc a corporation organ ized under the membership cor porations law of the state of New York and dedicated to the inter ests of the kids of America 2 Killed in Plane Crash Near Fernald Fernald Hilburn 24 and his uncle Charles Hil burn 32 were killed Sunday when their plane crashed on a farm north of here Marion Hilburn the pilot died at an Ames hospital after the ac cident He was an Iowa State Col lege student His uncle was killed instantly C B Dial owner of the farm where the plane crashed said ship was flying low ;