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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, August 23, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 23, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF 9 HISTOftYAN0 ARCHIVE DCS KOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL 14 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pnss and United Press fail Leaned Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THUBSDAY AUGUST 23 1945 Paper Consbta ot Two SecUonsSecUon NO 271 JAPS POUR ON MERCY TALK Offer 252 Plants for Civilian Work RECONVERSION AT A GLANCE Army offers 252 war plants to industry Home deliveries resort trains return Price ceilings 011 new houses debated VThe 252 war plants to industry Thursday Those plants could make a lot of civilian goods and plenty By declaring the governmentowned plants longer needed fortanks radar airplane engines and army thus provided a SI500000000 contribution toward the governments goal of full employment Under white house pressure for speedy disposal the reconstruc tion finance corporation prepared to go all out in pushing their sale or lease to private manufacturers The 81500000000 figure is what the plants cost to undoubtedly go much cheaper It was the biggest offering to date of potential capacity to fill the countrys pentup demand for goods But for the average man and woman the reconversion spotlight But for the average man woman the reconversion spotlight DEVELOPMENTS IN THE show cle in the Pacific theater Crosses locate Japanese prisoner of war camps in which are held allied military and civilian personnel AP wirephoto Plan Speedy Evacuation of Prisoners in Japan Manila allies announced plans Thursday for the speedy evacuation of 32000 prisoners and internees from Japan to the Philippines and confirmed that contact had been established pre sumably in Manchuria with Lt Gen Jonathan M Wainwright Allied nationals including 7000 Americans and 14000 British will be repatriated from Japan by air and sea as rapidly as their health permits Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters announced An International Hed delegation radioed MaeArthur from Tokyo that its representa tives and delegates from the Swiss and Swedish legations will proceed Friday tothe 7 main war prisoner camps in Japan to assist in the evacuation inmates to embarkation points In Chungking Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer commander of American forces in China an nounced without elaboration that contact has been established with Wainwright hero command er of Bataan and Corregidor A rescue team of American parachutists reported last week end that it had liberated Wain i wright from a prison camp at was on transportation More con trols were coming off On Nov 1 it was ruled stores laundries and other businesses may make as many deliveries as their trucks can handle with unlimited gasoline Thus will end one of the house wives prime annoyances of the deliveries of all but the most perishable stuffs milk every other day bread 3 times weekly Wholesale deliver ies will go back to normal too time for Labor days vacation ODT told railroads they could restore regu lar seasonal holiday trains to seashore mountains and resorts ODT lifted also its ban on trains which run less than 35 per cent full Some 50 trains may thus be put back In some cases however the relaxation will be just a paper 12 Norwegian Jews Sian 100 miles north of Mukden A plane took off from sovietheld Mukden Tuesday to bring out the general Wederneyer did not mention present where tiWainwrights ijabouts but it was possible that either had orwas about to fly lout of Manchuria He will be 62 liyears old Friday RED ARMY HAS ALL MANCHURIA Stalin Announces Total Occupation london IP Stalin announced Generalissimo Thursday the Out of 1000 Oslo Norway pale Jew ish doctor still bearing the marks of a German concentration camp told the court at Vidkun Quis lings trial Thursday that of near ly 1000 Norwegian Jews sent to Poland only 12 were known to have survived Quisling Germanys puppet accused of treason is charged with the murder of the nearly 1 000 Jews on the grounds of re sponsibility for their deportation Dr George Eichinger a Ger manborn Jew sent to a German concentration camp said only 600 of Norways 1600 Jews escaped the German dragnet and the aver age durability of men sent to the Auschwitz camp in Poland was only one month Out of 267 in the group in which he was deported 140 were sent to gas chambers immediately and killed he de clared Another states witness Thurs day said Quisling in 1925 when he was a captain in the Norweg ian army offered to spy on the Norwegian general staff and or ganize a red guard The witness said the offer was made in a dis cussion with a communist party editor Quisling pale and agitated in sisted he never had heard of the German gas chambers and also denied a state accusation that he had embezzled government funds one ODT cautioned that some lines simply may not have the cars to spare from hauling sol diers There was more good news Ci vilians wiUbe able tobuy house hold appliances months sooner in most cases than was expected a month ago So disclosing WPB offered a Electric ranges Ty December Some washing machines by Jan uary Electric fans by Christmas Refrigerators off rationing by mid of Air Forces Is Underway ie Washington UR Demobiliza tion of the army air forces was mderway Thursday under a plan which will return more than 1 400000 AAF personnel to civilian status within a year The present strength of the AAF is 2300000 Discharges at heir peak are expected to hit 150000 a month leaving air forces personnel at about 900000 in a rears time Another 200000 will be released as soon as conditions permit Airmen with necessary dis charge points who are now over seas will be replaced by volun teers or others with equal train ing but lower point scores Officers will be eligible for re iease on scores ranging from 36 to 70 points when their services are no longer required Flight of ficers need 3G points for release October Unofficially predicted also production men that mountains of clothing and textiles would start their return to stores in per haps 2 months OPA said the present skimpy sugar rations will last through 1945 But a senate group began to plug for smaller shipments overseas A congressional inquiry was threatened by Representative Brown the armed services do not release more doc tors to care for civilian ills And a fullfledged row between agencies sprang up on this ques tion Should postwar homes be under price ceilings Fearing skyhigh prices on the first new homes OPA says yes Hugh Potter the new construc tion coordinator says no A flood of new home building he holds would quash any inflation The deadlock may go to Presi dent Truman A quick answer is imperative Because while the agencies disagree the government marks time on its program to take the wartime shackles off new home construction red army had occupied the whole of Manchuria Red troops have occupied a 2nd island in the Kuriles Paramushiro just south of Shumushu which was taken by airborne troops Wednes day the broadcast order of the day announced and the Japanese Kwangtung army in Manchuria has ceased resistance and laid doivn its arms All of Sakhalin island the southern half of which was held iJU11 by Japan also has been taken don in October to petition parlia oyer by the red army Stalin disI ment for an increase in old age dosed I pensions Plans Old Age March London C Birtles president of the national federa tion of old age pensioners said Thursday that old people from all over Britain will march on Lon second lieutenants 42 first lieu tenants 58 and captains and of ficers of higher rank 70 TShlisted men as In other branches of the army require 85 points for discharge Members of the womens army corps will be eligible if they have 44 points To Seek Collaborators Manila VJ day or shortly after the Philippine gov ernment will assume jurisdiction over all Filipinos charged with collaboration with the enemy Gen Douglas MaeArthur an nounced Thursday MISSOURI TO OF PEACE allied command has an nounced it will use the battleship U S S Missouri above as the scene for neBotiatimc surrender terms wlth the Japanese This will be a tribute to President Truman a Mis MASON GITYANS OCCUPY BERLIN Listed among 82nd airborne troops occupying Berlin are 3 Mason Cityans it was stated in an Associated Press wire received here They are First Lt Henry Hsnk Hook KGLO staff mem ber when he entered the service Pvt Lynn O Rohde paratrooper son of Mr and Mrs Max O Rohde 41G 5ih S E and Pvt Sylvester R Martinez also a par atrooper son Mr and Mrs A A Martinez 646 Monroe S Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazetfe carrier boy War Hero Refused Dinner Service in Washington Hotel Sergeant Was Called to White House to Get Congressional Medal Washington members of an Arkansas farm family who couldnt obtain dinner service in one of Washingtons costlier hotels were welcome at the white house Thursday They were Staff Sift lames Hcndrix Jr 20 his father and mother and cousin Mrs Andrew Waldo all of Lepanto Art They were bid to the white house so that the sergeant along with 27 other army heroes could receive the congressional medal of honor from President Truman The war department said in a statement Wednesday night it had learned that the Hendrix party xvas refused dining room service in the Willard hotel Tuesday night although quartered in a suite there as guests of the government The department offered to pro vide an escorting officer for the rest of the stay but the Hendrixes declined James Hendrix Sr told a re porter the dining room had empty tables and he guessed his group was not served just because we didnt have clothes He sleeves but he said no one men tioned that The sergeant who alone wiped out 2 nazi artillery positions and saved 3 wounded comrades in Germany was in his uniform Hotel officials made ro com ment The Hendrix party was still reg istered at the Willard Wednesday GJS COME HOME FROM OVERSEAS Boston Mass a Boston Wednesday on the S Wakefield were the fpllowini North lowans ITc Robert W Reed Alcana rfc Walter K Haliefc lonla Fvt E SchoUian Mason City S 5rt Ilarley E Chambers Alffona Cpl A Anderson Esthervllle Capt Robert G Ileiserman West Union On this ship from southern Minnesota were First rt Elbert C Harnden Vairmonl Pvt Ernest 1 Bcrjmeier Alpha Fvl Donald R McCorklc Austin John II Leier Jtlltrs Set A Hanson Alcten The following North lowans ar rived on the Walter Forward at New York Wednesday Cpl Dale II Asmnssen Spencer First Srt Herbert Ruble Harnboldt Arriving on the Cornelius Hart nett at Newport News Va was the following southern Alinne sotan Tie Alvin E Madscn Sherbnrn PRESIDENT TRUMAN TALKS WITH GEN DE Truman talks with Gen Charles De Gaulle president of the French provisional government alter the latter s reception on the white house lawn Wed nesday AP wirephoto K A Engr 4 British Will Take Over Surrender of Hong Kong London Minister AUlee told the house of commons Thursday that a British commander will accept the of the Japanese at Hong Kong Attlec made his statement in reply lo an incruiry by opposition leader Winston Churchill The question arose as a resultof indications that a race was in progress between the British and the Chinese to take over the British crown colony vv Churchill wanted to know whether the government had plans un der way fo restore the British ministration in Hong Kong once the Japanese surrender had been accepted Yes Atttee said as stated by the foreign secretary on Monday arrangements are being made for the Japanese surrender to be ac cepted by the British force com mander Plans for reestablishing the British administration inthe colony are fullyprepared Attlees statement followed a flat statement by a foreign office spokesman saying that Britain definitely has not agreed that the Chinese shall occupy Hong Kong The spokesmans statement was in reply to announcement by the Chungking government that its forces would reoccupy the British crown colony The foreign cilice spokesman said Britain would be glad to have Chinese associated with the British in the reoccupation but it happens to be a British colony In response to inquiries the for eign office spokesman agreed that Hong Kong was actually in the Chinese theater of operations U S DISCHARGES 5 NORTH IOWANS The following North sol diers were discharged from the army at the separation center at Jef terson Barracks Mo this week S Set Johan Pals ftelrhond ITc Charles K Slbcrl Charlrs Cily ErneH II Nelson Decorab Jrte Roomxarden Nashua Sft Harold J Burke Oelwein Til TT7 Places Wreath on Tomb of Unknown Soldier Ceremonies Symbolize Generals Rise as Leader of French on fine enough was in his shirt BLAST IS FELT 50 BLOCKS AWAY Portland Ore explo sion so intense that housewives 50 blocks away were knocked to the floor killed an inspector and in jured 42 workmen at Iron Fire man Manufacturing company Thursday Eighteen persons including 2 women were taken to hospitals The rest were given first aid on the scene No Fraternization Chungking Gen Al bert C Wedemeyer American commander in China Thursday ordered American forces not t fraternize with the enemy Washington Charles DeGaulle off to a good start with President Truman in efforts to improve U SFrench relations placed a wreath on the tomb of the unknown soldier Thursday nnd then went to work on the many problems which brought him to this country The ceremonies at Arlington cemetery symbolized DeGauIIcs rise in nolitica stature since his visit to Washington last year At similar ceremonies then he was given only a tStnm salute as commander of the French army Thursday entering and leaving the cemetery he was given a 21 gun salute as president of the provisional governmetrt of the French republic A year ago this country had not yet accorded him that recognition Despite a steady rain several hundred persons witnessed the ceremony At its conclusion DeGaulle re turned to Blair House and con ferred with French Foreign Min ister Georges Bidault who accom panied him here Bidault and French Ambassador Henri Bonnet subsequently called on Secretary of State James F Byrnes DeGaulle and President Tru man held a long personal confer ence at the white house Wednes day night shortly after the gener als arrival Their staffs of spe cialists went to work at once on mutual economic political and military problems The generalssocial schedule for Thursday was kept brief to en able him to devote most his time to his mission Some time during his visit he is expected as he did a year ago to visit Gen John J Pershing commander of the American expeditionary force in World war I Weather Report FORECAST City Fair Thursday night and Friday morning followed by cloudiness Friday Slowly rising tern Sees Action to Protect Vets Jobs Washington Herber OConor of Maryland said Thurs day that President Truman hai some legislative in mind to protect war veterans from any termination of the se lective servicejob security clause OCorior called at the whiti house to discuss Maryland affair with the president but said hi expressed great concern to Mr Truman over the address in Bos ton Wednesday nisht by Mai Gen Lewis B Hershey selective serv ice director in which Hershey sail war veterans would lose their lega right lo their peacetime civilian iobs when congress declares an end to hostilities The governor said ihe job se curity clause should be continued returning servicemen are no afforded the advantages of thi clause he added it would be th worst evidence of ingratitude 01 the part of the American public He said the president expresse deep the matte but showed he had studied it an had some recommendations i mind to provide for such a con tengency OConor said Mr Tru man manifested great interest i the welfare of returning veteran He added the president fold hh of selective service plans fo carrying on the draft with abou 50000 called monthly OConor said the veterans greatest need will be when de mobilization reaches its peak and if the job security clause were terminated it would be very up setting to a great number of men increasin afternoon peratures Iowa Fair and rather cool Thurs day and Thursday night Friday fair and warmer except scat tered light showers in extreme northwest late Friday Minnesota Fair and warmer Thursday night Friday partly cloudy with widely scattered light showers northwest and ex treme west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 76 Minimum Wednesday 49 At 8 a m Thursday 56 YEAH AGO Maximum ge Minimum 57 Precipitation 02 Dissolves Government San Francisco o s e P Laurel puppet president of the Japaneseestablished republic of the Philippines who fled to Japan when the Americans landed m the islands has declared hie government dissolved Businessmen Trucks are needed for the waste paper drive Satur day if you have a truck or a driver calf Gordon Schaper of the Chamber of Commerce The num ber is 4000 More than 25 trucks are still needed NAME WARLORD WAR MINISTER CALL MEETING Japan Leaders Prepare Civilian Population for Allied Occupation By LEONARD M1LLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Japan prepared for allied oc upation Thursday by naming a varlord as war minister call ng an extraordinary session of jarliament to meet 2 days after ormal surrender and displaying i sudden outpouring of mercy The diet was called into emcr ency 2flay session Sept Z to drive home to the nation the tark reality that Japan lias been iompletely defeated and begin the Herculean task of rebuilding fapan Tokyos supreme war council vas enlarged and reconstituted as i conference on termination of the war Prince Narukiko HigashiKuni jave up ihe war portfolio to Gen Sadamu Shimomura Nipponese supreme commander in North hina currently the most troub ed spot in the Pacific Shimom uras forces presumably were among the 1000000 Japanese whose surrender is called for in preliminary negotiations with the Chinese field commander Tokyos sympathy went out to purported victims of American incendiary explosions and atom bombs The government asked permission to send relief expeditions to sick and dying garrisons on bypassed islands In return it promised aid to 32000 allied prisoners in Nippon and said they would be started toward embarkation ports Friday Tokyo toULl2pOOOa Nipponese in Korea and Formosa to slay where they are and uork for peace Japanese also expressed concern about possible civil war in turbulent China scene of the greatest confusion in sur render plans Communists bucking Chiang KaiShek in North China were reported on the war path closing in on key cities Chungkings ar rangements to occupy IndoChina and Hong Kong brought a flat statement from London that Hong Kong is British territory and a Paris declaration the French are definitely taking over Indo China Sovietoccupied Manchuria remained a question mark after Chiang arranged to accept Nip ponese surrender there Piecemeal Japanese surrenders at last began to extend to by passed midPacific islands garri sons and diehard troops in the mouniains of the Philippines All ot this was incident to hur ried preparations for allied occu pation of Japan and the signing of surrender documents Aug 31 on the 45000 ton battleship Mis souri in Tokyo bay which the Domei News agency said would naturally be accompanied by feelings of hate and uneasiness Tokyos tabulation Thursday of reported bomb casualties did noth ing to ease this feeling The gov ernmentcontrolled radio listed 2GOOOO killed 412000 injured 9200000 homeless and 2200000 houses demolished Almost the entire Japanese mainland Honshu island re ceived heavy damage as the re sult of enemy air attacks Tokyo added The Japanese will have another display ot American air power Sunday by Japanese account or Tuesday by General MacArthurs report when the greatest armada of air transports ever assembled begins unloading thousands of U S troops in full combat array on Atsugi airdrome 20 miles from Tokyo ItlacArthur confirmed previous ly Tokyo reports that he would arrive at the airdrome Tuesday with airborne forces simultaneous with the lanainsr of marines and sailors at the Yokosuka naval base guarding the entrance to Tokyo bay The sea approaches to Tokyo will swarm with the massed nava might of the combined American 3rd and 5th fleets and British Pa cific fleets These forces put on a 1000 plane aerial acrobatics show oli the Honshu coast to pass time Wednesday MaeArthur indicated that mine sweeping allied forces also may promptly be clearing both Japan ese and allied mines out of such major oriental harbors as Osaka Sasebo Nagasaki Shanghai Can ton Hong Kong and Singapore Japanese shipping and air forces were ordered immobilized anti aircraft guns decommissioned ammunition stored Japanese troops were already evacuating the initial occupation area near Tokyo into which Domei ;