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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 23, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H 1ST MEM A AR T DEPT OF IOWA COMP OES HO IKES fA THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY MIGHT SPOT VOL XLV FIVE CENTS A MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 231939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS NO 271 HITLER SNUBS BRITISH WARNING CONTROL OVER POLAND DEMANDED Pan Mallon Scouts Tell P R of Break Soon Abroad Roosevelt turned back homeward not be cause of fog or delayed mail but because his scouts at the interna tional telephone here advised him the break would come in Europe within ten days Their opinion was that it would be war or appeasement and they mur mured among themselves that no one could possibly know which Some outside Judges who are not so close to the situation however have suspected it would be neither An other Munich was as impossible as war in their opinion They noted that times have changed Britain and France have spenl their utmost efforts since Septem ber 1938 in preparing for thi very moment They are no longer cringingunprotected before asu perior air force Then there is Mr Chorhberlains personal predica piobablywouliinot dare to come home from Munich today His cabinet would fall at once in the present aroused state of British opinion These outside1 judges have therefore been inclined to expect a fairer compromise based not upon fear but on equity which would mean Hitler would not get much if if Appeasement Likely Of course it is true the Polish corridor is practically defenseless Hitler has had it almost sur rounded with four armies If the Polish military commanders are above the age of five they have long ago withdrawn their major forces from that area and have selected a defensible interior line Britain andFrance furthermore no way to lend direct mill aid o Poland except by bat Germany from the other j well defended side V s military considerations thtsefore appear to substantiate th inside official expectation if Chamber lain loses his head Clever Hitler Method Hitlers clever propaganda methods certainly are getting under theskins of world diplo mats They all recognize by now his old game is to get them into a stew so he can wring the utmost in concessions from them They feel sure heis sane and would not dare yet somehow knowing all this they neverthe less seem to be sliding slightly toward the state of mind where he wants them No rash statements are being issued by them now as were is sued last time that is by no one except Rep Hamilton Fish They realize that when they predict dire things they are simply play ing Hitlers game of frightening the world again all except Fish Yet at the same time they are in clined to credit rumors and to en compass themselves with silent apprehension A fancy rumor is around that Roosevelt may have met with some British and French officials when he was halfway to Europe in the seclusion of Newfoundland Not the slightest confirmation is available here The idea probably arises from the fact that trans Atlantic planes land at Newfound land and thus provide an oppor tunity for anyone to hop from London or Paris oyernight Mr Roosevelt is likely to be ex tremely cautious about seeing anyone or talking out of turn about Europe right now If offi cial Washington is guessing right and appeasement is a possible out come Mr Roosevelt certainly wquld not want to be connected with it Copyrliht Klnr Fjitortx Inc PARADISE NEW COMMANDER OF LEGION IN IOWA Chadwick Flies to Closing Sessions of Sioux City Convention SIOUX CITY a iinal session dramatized by the appear ance of Stepheri F Chadwick of Seattle Wash national comman der of the American Legion the Iowa department adjourned its 21st convention Wednesday after Brief Clash Between Nazis Polish on Frontier Reported Poland Would Discount carrying out the expected election of George Paradise of Sioux City as state commander Possible Consequences of Treaty With Russia WARSAW fP The Polish telegraph agency Wednesday re ported a brief frontier clash be tween Polish and German soldiers at Kluczno north of Silesia This report said three German soldiers in uniform crossed the frontier in pursuit of German deserters Entering a windmill 150 yards from the frontier they were seen by Polish soldiers who ord ered them to halt Shot were exchanged with the Germans commencing the shoot ing according to the Polish re port which said the Germans escaped and one apparently was Mr Paradise was elected unani mously after he had been nomin ated by G N Smoke Brown of Whiting Robert J Shaw of Si gourney seconded the nomina tion As a boy Paradise came to the United States from the island of Crete Beginning as a shoe shiner by hard work he has grown into a prominent figure lo cally He is a lawyer by profes sion Flying here from St Louis near where he nearly was involved in an airplane accident Commander Chadwick addressed the Iowa Legionnaires on the subject of mandates given him by the last national convention I wounded isms explaining the Legions position on immigration and ad vising the delegates that the Leg ion is opposed to nose into the affairs of Europe The World war has proved we cannot drive our political philoso phies down the throats of other people by the bayonet There was no opposition in any of the elections for the various Oilier reports from the frontier said that Polish peasants now are busily engaged in assisting in the construction of trenches and de fense fortifications In Posnania province it was reported all wo men shouldered spades and dug trenches by the firm attitude of Britain and sought to discount the possible consequences of a RussianGer man nonaggression treaty The Polish people who live from day to day in the attitude oi being prepared for the worst anc ready for it also found reassur ance in the fact that the projected pact hasyet tobe concluded The re ferred to the beginningolnego tiatjpns with Germany was usei toehiphasize this The over the British cabinet eliminated a worry in some circles here tha the British guarantee of aid in case Poland is attacked has been based on an expectation of Rus sian support Poland now awaits offices Three vice commanders V C Stueland of Forest City Wil liam E Purcell of Clinton and Thomas H Tracey of Manchester were reelected unanimously and the department adjutant J R Laird of Algona was given unan imous reelection This likewise was true of Henry Boyce Mason City department historian The convention named H E J Carl son Fort Dodge Lutheran minis ter its chaplain and chose a for mer Sioux City baseball pitcher Ben Doyle of Shenandoah ser geantatarms The important post of national executive committeeman went to Roy O Garber of Des Moines and Frank Collord Jr of Water the formal signing of the British Polish pact of mutual assistance The United States embassy has conveyed a general reminder to American citizens in Poland that a serious situation obtains loo was named position alternate to the THROWN FROM HORSE MAQUOKETA Edward Carson 12 son of Mr and Mrs Frank Carson died of injuries which resulted when he was thrown from a horse The convention adjourned short ly after noon following adoption resolutions VACATION GUT SHORT BY FR President Will Land Thursday and Speed by Train to Washingtr ABOARD U S S LANGNAT SEA concerned ovxr the European crisis President Roosevelt abandoned plans Wednesday for exploration of the gulf stream on a fishing trip and ordered the cruisers Tuscaloosa and Lang to speed to Sandy Hook I New Jersey I The Tuscaloosa carrying the president is expected to arrive at Sandy Hook Thursay morning Boarding a special train the presi dent will arrive in Washington shortly after noon Mr Roosevelt was silent on what steps if any he planned upon his return to the capital Reporters recalled his recent press conference statement that congressional refusal to enact neu trality legislation had tied his hands and prevented American attempts to avert war BULLETINS PARIS UP Special trains Wednesday b e g a n transporting thousands of French reservists toward concentration points behind the Maginot line facing the German move ment of reserve troops to ward the Metz Verdun Bar Le Due Charleville Rheims Sedan and other sectors was expected to con tinue all night CHICAGO heaviest Duying since last years September crisis swept NorthAmerican grain markets Wednesday shooting wheat prices up the 5 cent limit a Winnipeg and lifting American markets 2 to 3 cents BERLIN charged Wednesday night that three German airplanes had been fired on by Polish antiaircraft bat teries LONDON Premiei Viacheslav Molotov was reportec reliablyWednesday night to havi advised Great Britain and Franc i that soviet Russia was willingt continuenegotiations for a threi power mutual aid pact BERLIN Adolf Hitler has detailed wem orandamon promlslnsr position rtjrardln Poland to British Prime1 Minis ter Chamberlain usually well informed sources said OTTAWA Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie Kin Wednesday called a meeting of th Canadian cabinet for Thursda morning to consider European de velopments and their possible con sequences to Canada King spen most of Thursday night in confer ence with Lord Tweedsmuir Ca nadian governor general WASHINGTON The state department Wed nesday warned American citizens against traveling to Europe Acting Secretary of State Suiriner Welles said he understood that the American embassies in both France and Poland also have warned American tourists in those countries to return home if possible NEW YORK speech Adolf Hitler at networks The speech is scheduled for J m CST English interpolation GEORGE PARADISE for Chief 100 Hunt Couple Missing in Forest LUTSEN Minn UR More than 100 men searched through dense woods in a wilderness near Lutsen on the north shore of Lake Superior Wednesday for Dr Ar thur H Curtis 58 noted obstet rician and his sisterinlaw Mrs Floy H Watrous both of Evm ston 111 They have been missing since early Monday when they went into the woods to take pic tures of black bears The Weather FORECAST IOWA Fair Wednesday night and Thursday warmer in extreme northwest portion Wednesday night warmer Thursday MINNESOTA Generally fatr Wednesday night and Thursday cooler in north and extreme east Portions Wednesday night warmer Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 71 Minimnm Tuesday night 47 At 8 a m Wednesday 62 The mercury dipped to the low est point this summer during the night Tuesday A fine display of northern lights was observed Tuesday evening by North lowans YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 69 Exodus BERLIN of avel out of Germany were ainmed Wednesday with French nd British citizens andother for griers fleeingfor fear of war No seats in airplanes could be btainedafter early morning Trains ran throughout the day ith corridors filled British and French citizenswere dvised by local Cficials to leave Germany France Calling 1500000 Men to Serve Nation PARIS Wednesday riight ordered partialmobilization after an of her national defensecouncil The order meant that Frertch roops called to the colors wit number between 1500000 and 2000000 itmeant that men who had ompleted their military service ess than two years ago Or were specialists already had been called day has been scheduled for relay i this country by three coast to coa during the speech are planned a RIBBENTROP IS N MOSCOW TO SIGN UP PACT Courtesy Calls Are Waived as Negotiations Quickly Are Started MOSCOW Hitlers oreign minister Joachim von Rib entrop landed here Wednesday y special plane to weld a non ggression treaty with soviet Rus ia shunting to one side French hd Britisli military missions With startling speed it was ar anged for the nazi envoy to see Vyacheslaff Molotoff two lours after his arrival Diplomatic formalities were dis pensed with and von Ribbentrop paused onlyfor luncheon with the German ambassador Even the uslomary official courtesy calls vere waived before the von Rib jentropMolotoff meeting A small group of soviet officials vas on hand at Moscows civr airport to greet the emissary o Russias traditional political en emy When von Hibbentrop steppec xom his Fuehrers plane the staf of the German embassy gave the nazi salute Von Ribbentrop was driven in a new American car to his emar tersin the onertime Austrian le The Choice By The Associated Press Well informed sources in Berlin aid Chancellor Hitler vas giving Poland this choice If Poland fights her complete partition If Poland yields establish ment of a German protectoraie over Poland similar to mat over Bohemia and Moravia since March In any case Hitler demands Dan That the sovietGerman pact would be concluded possibly within a tendays was accepted by diplomatic quarters as a vir tual certainly V The British and French militarj missions awaited instructions from home Reports on the situation her were cabled Tuesday night by th British and French ambassadors both of whom saw Molotoff indi vidually in long conferences Tues day The fact no newspapers com mented on the coming of the German delegation was indica tive of the cautioifs way in which Russia handling the delicate diplomatic situation Soviet quarters continued to in sist the way was open for both a nonaggression pact with Ger many and a defensive alliance with Britain and France They contended a sovietGerman treaty would go a long way toward in suring European peace CHARGED WITH ASSAULT DES MOINES IP Clifford Johnson of Des Moines machinist was charged with assault and bat tery as the result the Rev O B Devine humane society officer said of beating his 10 year old son Clifford Johnson Envoy Tells Hitler British Standing Firm LONDON fi The British ambassador to Berlin flew to 3erchtesgaden Wednesday to dc iver to Adolf Hitler a declaration that Britains guarantee to Polanc remains unaltered by the project ed Germansoviet Russian non aggression pnct that Britain is de termined to aid Poland if neces sary It was disclosed the envoy Si Nevile Henderson was instructet to say his government is deter mined to resist to the uttermost1 any resort to force by Germany which Poland considered a threa to her independence and chose tc resist The ambassadors instruction were said to be along the lines a statement issued here Tuesda night aftera longBritish cabine meeting Meantime the British commit tee of imperial defense compose of representatives from the cabi net dominions and military serv ices met during the morning Tuesday nights statement als pointed out there is nothing i the difficulties that have arise between Germany and Polan which justify the use of force in volviiife a European war with a its tragic consequences It also said there wore no ques lions in Europe which shoul not be capable of peaceful solu lion if only conditions of conf dence could be restored and tha the British government was an had been ready to assist in ere ating such conditions It was emphasized in officia circles Sir Neviles mission was to declare Britains firmness regard ing her pledge to Poland and not to open BritishGerman negotia tions the Danzig dispute On the heels of British and French declaration of determina tion to stand by Poland the two powers made ready for quick conversion to a war looting Both expected Germanys moves and Polands reaction to point the way lo peace or war in the next few days Sir Nevile played an important part in last years CzechoSlovak rrisis in which Prime Minister Chamberlain mode three flights to Germany to confer with Hitler He was a close adviser to lhamberlain throughout the prime ministers negotiations which culminated in the Munich settlement STORY ON PAGE U Astonished judges pinched themselves and made ihrcc distinct checks of a 23 foot 10 inch corn i bf GlobeGazette and olliDr Iowa Daily Press associ papers The stalk raised by Don Radda Washington farmer broke the existing worlds r for iation ecord n to the of Wcst Libery won second prize of S25 and also broke the worlds stalk entered by D D Hill h r e sood tnmsh for S10 third Briw Prizes award by Gov George A Wilson at Marshalltotvn Wednesday noon PLEA IS MADE BY LEOPOLD Belgian King Voices Views Following 7 Nation Conference BRUSSELS Leopold of the Belgians speaking in the name of several small neutral na tions appealed to the world for peace Wednesday night and de clared the worst can still be avoided The king expressed the solemn vow that the statesmen of Europe should accept open negotiations of their differences His address was broadcast from his palace It was approved in a oneday conference of seven small coun tries invoking their will to col laborate actively in any interna tional efforts for conciliation FUEHRER WONT MODIFY VIEWS DESPITE PLEAS Nazis Broaden Desire for Land European Capitals Are Tense By The Associated Press Berlin Hitler reported in forming Chamberlain he insists on having Danzig and full set tlement with Poland through a German protectorate over Pol and if by force or a Polish par tilion if by war British ambas sador flies to fuehrer London British ambassador to Berlin instructed to tell Hit ler Britain will resist to utter most resort to force against Poland which latter resists Brit ain France ready for quick change to war footing as parlia ment meets Thursday Ribbentrop lands in Moscow for negotiations designed to set quick seal on RussianGerman nonaggression pact British French missions await instructions of reserv ists take up posts men under arms exceed 1000000 between Pol ish and German troops reported Poles charge Germans crossed frontier United States embassy advises American serious States of ficials draft plans to rush home thousands of American citizens if war breaks out in Europe Rome Italy speeds military preparations nation believed ready to call additional reserves to match French moves By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitler Wednesday told Sir Nevile Henderson British ambassador Germany could not modify her demands ov vitai rights because of the British guaranty of Poland These demands and vested rights it is understood were 1 The unconditional re turn of Danzig to the reich 2 The return of those sections of Poland which were once German namely Pommarellen Pomoroze and Polish Upper Silesia 3 A rearrangement of Polls hGerman relations much along the lines of the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Hitler according to advices con sidered reliable is determined to settle the dispute with Poland in one of two ways Either Poland yields to these de nands peacefully in which case there will be no bloodshed Or she fights in which case ermany will see to it that a new partition of Poland occurs These terms it was understood ave been communicated during he past twentyfour hours not inly to the British government but by special couriers to most governments of Europe The British ambassador to Ber lin flew to Hitlers Bavarian mountain retreat and conferred for three hours London said his instructions were to deliver a declaration that Britain and France were deter mined to resist any resort to force by Germany which Poland con sidered a threat to her independ ence and chose to resist Berlin said he was bearing Chamberlains reply to Hitlers REPORTS STORE ROBBERY DES MOINES Kus sart proprietor of a grocery ston in the residential district report ed to police that a robber took S22 in cash from a change sack and cash register while he was ou making a delivery broadened terms for a settlement with Poland which were reported conveyed to British and most of the governments of Europe In the rapidly changing situation other highlights were President Roosevelt cut short his fishing cruise because of con cern over the European crisis and planned to reach Washington shortly after noon Thursday Sec retary of Slate Hull also curtailed his vacation to return to the capital Americans are being advised by the stnte department not to go to war threatened Europe it they could avoid it and American dip lomats if they feel it advisable may urge Americans to leave Europe as soon as possible V Effective Wednesday night Britains air raid precautions will ;