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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 22, 1947, Mason City, Iowa jmt1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME tEPARTMENfQF ANd ARC teiKES j I A THI NIWSFAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION UU11J VOL un fntt 4nd United PIOJ full Leucd Wiret Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY AUGUST 22 Thia Paper Consists of Two One No Z69 LABOR LAW FACES UNION DEFIANCE CUBA DEFEATED ON DEMAND FOR ECONOMIC PLAN Asked Protection Clause Written Into Western Hemisphere Defense Pact Quitandinha Braxil was defeated Friday in her de mand that provisions for protec tion of the economic independ ence ofAmerican nations be written into a hemisphere de fense treaty The steering committee of the 20 nation interAmerican defense conference voted down the pro posal Fifteen nations voted against the measure which the United States has opposed Earlier Argentina jolted the conference with a surprise move to bar joint use of armed force in combatting aggression from within the western hemisphere Breaking sharply with provi sions of the Act of Chapultepec the Argentine delegation submit ted to the 20nation conference a new proposal for the mutual de fense treaty in the making here under which common military force would be employed only against attack from outside the Americas The United States and seven Latin American nations have pre sented proposals making no such distinction between agression from without and from within the hem isphere Under the Act of Chapultepec signed at Mexico City in 1945 by 21 American republics including Argentina the invasion of ter ritory of an American state by armed forces of any state would be branded as aggression The Argentine proposal was submitted to the conference sec retariat an hour before Thursday nights deadline for ad mission4a the agenda of new trtaty proSecis The unexpected move came amid an atmosphere of renewed confidence as the delegates cele brated the successful compromise of another Argentine proposal for a special interAmerican economic conference before the conference of American states in Bogota Co lombia next January A Mexicanintroduced plan signed by 13 other delegations in cluding Argentinas would pro vide for calling an economic con ference at Bogota the latter part of next year A special plenary session was expected to approve the compro mise early Friday afternoon A majority vote of the 20 nations represented is sufficient for ap proval The new Argentine proposal was that it would be enough that parties to the treaty be ob ligated To take no recourse to the use of force in relations with other American states and 2 to solve by pacific means estab lished in the InterAmerican sys tem of peace the Pan American Union any controversies which occur between them Such is the Argentine thought the statement added regarding the distinction between continen tal aggression and extracontin ental aggression Heat Closes Statehouse Des Moines in the Iowa statehouse closed at 3 oclock Thursday afternoon due to the heat Inside For HOBO BENSON Hobo Ben Benson Takes First Ride in Airplane See page 3 Chicago Bears IDPoint Choice Over AllStars See page 9 Jewish Refugees Sail for Port in Germany Page 2 Worst Drought in 77 Years Burning Up Nations Corn Crop See 42 Per Cent Cut in Iowa By UNITED PKESS The worst drought since the dust bowl era of a decade ago seared the nations corn crop Fri day and sent prices for both corn and wheat soaring to new all time highs The price of corn for delivery in September rose again Friday going to a bushel a new all time high on the Chicago board of trade September wheat sold for cents a bushel a new high for Riots Flare as Egyptians Press Action Cairo of riot ous Egyptians some shouting down with America clashed with police in demonstrations Friday against the trend ofUnited Nation security council discussions on this nations dispute with Britain Police seized 7 followers of the Moslem brotherhood The acting prime minister Ahmed Khashaba broadcast an appeal to every sincere patriot to help the government maintain or der The prime minister Mah moud Fahmy Nokrashy Pasha is at Lake Success pressing for Uni ted Nations action The number of demonstrators reached about 5000 at one time in Cairo They reformed after they were scattered by police fire They demanded evacuation of British troops from Egypt by blood Down with America the trai tor demonstrators shouted Down with Brazil the traitor Egypt defies the security council Egyptdefies the whole world They called also for revenge on traitorous Egyptian police More than 10 of the demonstra tors were reported wounded by police fire as officers struggled to bring the throng under control The Egyptians want a security council ruling on their demand for withdrawal of British troops from Egypt and an end to Brit ish participation in the adminis tration of the Sudan Brazil proposed at Lake Suc cess this week that Britain and Egypt start over again on their deadlocked negotiations and keep the council informed The United States supported Brazils propos al The Brazilian recommenda tion was to be acted upon Fri day Mounted officers first stormed the crowd outside the ancient Al Azhar mosque Demonstrators dragged them from their horses and seized their clubs Police re inforcements were called up and met the crowd at Malika Farida square barring its way to the center of the city The witnesses said the police opened fire with rifles and shot guns most of them apparently shooting over the beads of the demonstrators Demonstrators arming them selves with sticks from a passing truck then began smashing the windows of street cars The demonstration in which several police were injured came a few hours before the security council at Lake Success N Y was to take up again Egypts de mands for withdrawal of British troops from the Nile valley and for an end to British participa tion in the administration of the AngloEgyptian Sudan Plan ManMade Rain Try at Burlington Burlington Dry Ice may be used in an attempt to break the 4week drouth here The Burlington Farm Machinery company said Thursday it was making arrangements with a Kansas City aerial service to drop dry ice into clouds in an effort to create rain The company said that if dry ice was available the tests would be made whenever cloud formations were favorable wheat to be delivered in Septem ber While the blistering heat and drought had not affected the wheat crop nearly as much the prospect of a short corn supply drove wheat higher No rain was in sight to quench the thirst of withering cornstalks To make matters worse the scorching heat wave continued to sear the cornbelt with hot winds that burned the crops as effec tively as a blow torch Reports from the midwest to day pointed up the agriculture departments report that the 1947 corn crop prospects had dropped to 2437000 bushels 223000000 bushels less than was anticipated on Aug 1 The department had been trying for a crop of 3000000000 bushels Thursdays forecast was far be low last years record corn yield of more than 3287000 B and 202000000 bushels below average It was expected to be the small est crop since 1936 Iowa farmers who suffered losses doe to disastrous floods last spring and then resowed their fields by working under torch light at night were losing their battle to turn out a decent crop of the states famous tall corn Most of the state has not re ceived more than i inch of rain in the past month The drought was expected to cut the crop to 387036000 bush els 42 per cent below the states 1946 production Leslie M Carl federal crop sta tistician said the dry weather was only the start of the farmers troubles The corn has been living off subsoil moisture and now is at the limit of its endurance he said Every additional day of drought means that much less corn Right now the crop is about two weeks behind schedule That increases the danger of early AP Wirtpholo BOMBWRECKED INTERIOR OF DETECTIVE BUREAU Firemen cluster in one corner of the deteetiye bureau off ices at the Philadelphia city hall after an explosion wrecked the room Friday Philadelphia explosion in a locker of the detective bureau rocked Philadelphias city hall Friday boomed loudly through the downtown business district and injured several per sons none seriously Choking fumes and smoke filled the first floor corridors of the massive building and Deputy Chief Engineer William Slmler among the first firemen to arrive on the scene said he detected sul phuric acid The explosion was probably caused by some evidence in the hands of the city bomb squad Weatherman Sees No Relief From Heat Wave for lowans North Iowa May Get Some Rainfall From Sunday to Wednesday extending through continued to broil By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS No relief from the 90 to 100 degree temperatures was in pros pect for lowans over the next 5 days but rains ranging from an inch in northern Iowa to a half inch in southern Iowa were fore cast by the weather bureau Fri day in its 5 day outlook The rain was expected to come in the form of thundershowers beginning in northern Iowa late Sunday and Wednesday The state Friday and the mercury was in the 90s at most Iowa points be fore noon The weather bureau said Thurs days high was 101 at Burlington and the early morning state low was 67 at Atlantic There was no rain The east and New England are next in line for the heat treatment which has been dehydrating the midwest and its corn crop for 5 days the weather bureau fore caster at Chicago said Friday He predicted that fairly hot weather with temperatures in the high 80s and low embrace the northeastern area by Sunday At least 3 more days of baking were in store for the countrys midsection the forecaster said 800 AmericanJap Couples Wed in Rush to Beat Deadline Yokohama 800 AmericanJapanese couples rushing to qualify under the GI war brides act were married at Japans Gretna American consulate the Thursday midnight deadline consular officials said Friday The last couple to beat the deadline was Staff Sgt Jack Bond Newark N J and Miss Emiko Youz of Tokyo The wedding tempo at the consulate was deverish during the past week as a flood of approved ap plications almost swamped U S officials Two perspiring officials have seen registering marriages at the rate of 2 every 17 minutes The onsulate has been open far into the evening for the last 3 days Prospective brides and bride per cent of the latter Nisei or Americanborn Japanese consulate waiting rooms o capacity and often overflowed nto the garden The law providing that serv take Oriental brides to the United States if they receive army per mission stipulated that the cere mony must be registered at the consulate either before or within a month after the passage of the act July 21 Additionally Americans must take Jap wives home not later than Dec 28 1948 to take ad vantage of the provisions of the act with no certainty of a break even by Sunday There was nothing in sight to budge the searing blast before Sunday night the forecaster said He predicted temperatures gen erally between 95 and 100 de grees again Friday for Illinois Indiana Iowa the Dakotas Ne braska and Kansas where most of the soil already is parched from about 4 weeks of dry hot weather except for brief passing cool waves and light local thunder showers Some crop observers said that with top soil moisture exhausted or nearly so throughout the region the crop deterioration would be 97 in Mason City The tiny red line inside the glass tube which makes people stop look and then mop their brows these days climbed only to the 97 degree mark Friday at about the same time during the noon hour when it hit Thursday By Z p m however it had dropped to 93 according to the KGLO weather station Downtown pedestrians denied it They agreed it felt just as hot as Thursday come more rapid with each addi tional day of the heat and drought The death toll from causes in duced by the heat was reported to have reached 32 in Chicago since Monday night and 80 since Aug 1 There was one other death in the state since Monday mid night 21 in Ohio 3 in Indiana and 2 in Minnesota The weather bureau said that showers throughout New England New York eastern Pennsylvania and Virginia Thursday had re duced temperatures there to around 80 degrees and that clouds would hold them down Friday About normal seasonal weather prevailed on the Pacific coast Find Gas Furnace on in Heat Wave Bloomington Ind E Young and his family have been doing a lot of living on the front porch They found the house too hot to endure even with electric fans going They moved inside Friday Young found out why his house had been so hot He had forgotten to turn off the gas furnace for the summer which used the lockers in which it occurred said George Richardson assistant superintendent of police in charge of the detective bureau I do not think the thing was planted he added The blast shattered a row of 10 steel lockers Its concussion and flying metal shattered glass and wood partitions in the large room connecting with 4 smaller offices Betty Safer stenographer in the nearby room was typing at her desk when she said I heard an awful rumble and the floor be neath my desk began to shake The noise seemed to come from underneath The walls and partitions shook and before I could even think my desk was covered with glass and dirt Several detectives were hit by glass splinters suffering minor cuts Arthur Zeldin 29yearold res taurant proprietor suffered cuts of the face arms and legs He was in the bureau room seeking a re volver permit when the explosion occurred Director of public safety James H Malone was conferring with Judge Vincent A Carroll in an office directly above where the explosion occurred I was lifted right off my feet by the explosion Judge Carroll said I though the statue of Billy Penn had toppled off the tower Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair continued hot and rather humid Friday and Satur day Low Friday night 7275 High Saturday 96100 Mason City Continued fair hot and humid Friday night and Saturday Low Friday night 72 75 High Saturday 95100 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will range from 8 to 10 degrees above normal in the north to 10 to 15 degrees above normal in the south Nor mal high for this time of year 82 north 84 south Normal lows 56 north 60 south Continued hot becoming cooler Tuesday or Wednesday Rainfall will av erage near one inch in extreme northern Iowa to onehalf inch southern Iowa Occasional pe riod thundershowers northern Iowa late Sunday through Wed nesday Scattered thundershow ers southern Iowa Tuesday and Wednesday Minnesota Fair and warm Fri day night Mostly fair hot and windy Saturday with some chance of scattered thunder showers and cooler extreme northwest portion Saturday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 99J Minimum 70 At 8 a m Friday 82 YEAR AGO 82 Minimum 58 Report Rebel Activity in South Korea Seoul Gen John R Hodge said Friday widespread activity of a revolutionary nature had been uncovered in southern Korea and some ringleaders ar which the Russians charged was aimed at disrupting the work of the joint commission on this occupied country Hodge commander of the Amer ican occupation zone said Korean government authorities made the arrests after learning of 2 plot by leftist employes of the Korean broadcasting system to inject com munist propaganda into network programs and sabotage rightist po litical speeches He said also that more than 100 rioters had been arrested for at tempting to interfere with the governments rice collection pro that those arrests had no political significance Col Gen Treanty F Shtikov chief of the soviet delegation to the Korean joint commission charged that the mass arrests of leftists was apparently aimed at disrupting the commissions work Hodge said ringleaders in the propaganda plot had been under observation for some time to prevent out of hand disorders The repression charged the Russian delegate occurred in a responsible tense moment in deadlocked deliberations of the commission and included mass arrests of leaders and the actual closing down of democratic par ties and social organizations of leftist trend He said also i arrested were workers of the leftist democratic press 0 K COMMUNITY PROPERTY TAX Michigans Law Wins Government Approval Washington official of the bureau of the internal rev enue said Friday that the fed eral government has approved Michigans new community prop erty tax law as entirely legal and constitutional The bureau also is understood to regard favorably similar laws pending in Pennsylvania and Ne braska which will become effec tive Sept 1 and Sept 7 respec tively Michigan thus becomes the llth state with an effective commu nity property act Besides5 the territory of Hawaii the states of Arizona California Idaho Lou isiana Nevada New Mexico Oklahoma Texas Washington and Oregoa enjoy the splitting of incomes become man and wife for tax purposes In the absence of approval from the internal revenue bureau a state may find its law overruled and income tax returns rejected In the case of Oklahoma the bu reaus ruling was upheld by the supreme court and it was neces sary for the legislature to pass a new act The cornflower is called Kaiserblumen in Germany be cause it was the favorite flower of the late Emperor Wilhelm frosts because only about 70 per cent of the crop was silked as of Aug 15 And then during drought pe riods theres always the danger of a grasshopper plague The prediction of only a 387 036000 bushel harvest contrasted sharply with the war years when Iowa produced an average of 625380000 bushels of corn The prediction brought the average yield per acre down to 39 bushels the lowest since the drought year of 1936 when Iowa corn fields produced 177 bushels per acre for a total of 180434000 bushels In the 1934 drought pro duction averaged 23 bushels for a total of 215234000 The outlook was no better in the other great cornproducing states One Indiana farmer was so desperate that he appealed to a pilot to manufacture rain over his 700acre corn field The ven ture apparently worked but only a sprinkling rain fell Pilot Keith Frihart released carbon dioxide gas from fire ex tinguishers in a cloud over the farm of Burl Lenfesty Galveston Ind Rain fell a few minutes later but not enuogh to do Lenfestys parched crop much good Frihart said he would try again The entire situation added up to trouble for Americas housewives increased starvation for the rest of the world Corn is the basic feed of cattle and constitutes a good share of the diet of hogs and sheep The expected scarcity of corn was forcing stock feeders to reduce the number of head they planned to feed this fall As a result meat and other livestock products will be scarcer and more expensive next winter The coming increases in prices were foreshadowed Thursday on the Chicago board of trade Sep tember corn futures went to an other alltime high of a bushel November butter futures rose to a record 7175 cents on the mercantile exctisnge and cash but ter hit 77i cents a pound All deliveries of wheat and oats also sold at new seasonal peak prices H M Conway livestock analyst for the National Livestock Pro ducers association at Chicago es timated that approximately 7 433333 head of cattle could have been fattened on the 223000000 bushels of corn lost during the first half of August Or he said the 223000000 bushels could have been used to fatten 8290000 hogs He emphasized that this did not mean the complete loss of that many head of stock But it did mean the loss of the extra meat than would have been produced by the fattened animals Many cattle herds were suffer ing from heatsickness Fiftyfive head died from the heat in a lot at Cedar Grove 111 Firemen were spraying other steers In the lot Friday to save them from the intense heat Government officials feared the corn shortage would tempt farm ers to use wheat for stock feed One of the biggest wheat crops in history is lying in bins and on the ground in the great plains states Wheat is a suitable substitute for corn as feed although not nearly as fattening Agriculture authorities said the use of wheat for feed would work a hardship on foreign countries where millions of starving per sons need the grain for bread Plan Parachuting Jews in Fofbidden Palestine Paris plan to parachute Jews into Palestine beginning in October was promised Friday by the political action committee for Palestine unless the United Na tions settles the Palestine question in favor of the Jews Rabbi Baruch Korff of New York cochairman of the commit tee told a press conference Thurs day that he would lead the first group of jumpers DAW SIGNS TO BEAT DEADLINE BY 40 SECONDS 180 Disputes and Tieup of Shipping Threatened as Act Goes Into Effect Washington UB Widespread labor difficulties and fresh union defiance faced government labor officials Friday as they put into effect the last and strictest pro visions of the TaftHartley law The new statute which dras tically modifies the governments labor policy and for the first time imposes strict responsibilities on unions became fully effective Thursday midnight It was passed by congress over President Tru mans veto on June 23 As the law went into operation 135000 workers were on strike in 180 disputes Some 250000 others were involved in crucial contract negotiations and a complete tie up of west coast shipping was threatened Jurisdictional disputes existed in Hollywood movie studios and at New York Citys Idlewild air port which could be resolved by recourse to the new law The United Auto Workers CIO beat the midnight deadline by a scant 40 seconds reaching com plete agreement on a pension plan and other differences with the Ford Motor Co If they had failed to agree before the Taft Hartley law went Into effect the UAW would have had to win a majority vote in a countrywide poll of Ford workers to retain the union shop provision it enjoyed in all previous Ford contracts Labor observers doubted the UAW could obtain an election in that svent since CIO officers so far have refused to sign noncom munist affidavits or file union financial statements Both are re quired under the new act before the national labor relations board can authorize an election The TaftHartley law also put laws the closed shop prohibits Jurisdictional strikes and second ary boycotts forbids excessive union initiation fees denies bar gaining rights to foremen and gives employers greater freedom to campaign against unionization As the law went into effect there were these other develop ments on the labor front The International Typographi cal Union AFL voted unani mously in its annual convention not to make any written contracts for the duration of the act The food tobacco and agricul tural workers CIO threatened to sue in the federal courts to re strain Robert N Denham general counsel of the national labor re lations board from dismissing its cases for failure of officers to file noncommunist affidavits The United Auto Workers CIO polled the most votes at the Glenn L Martin Aircraft company plant in Baltimore in the last major collective bargaining election to be held under the Wagner act But the UAW failed to get a clearcut majority and a runoff election may be necessary However un less UAW and the rival Interna tional Association of Machinists Ind file noncommunist affi davits the case probably will be dismissed by the NLRB Howard T Colvin acting direc tor of the conciliation service dis missed5 staff members and abol ished the controversial program division He reportedly acted on instructions from his new chief Cyrus S Ching who will assume his duties on Sept 3 Father of JO Is Arrested for Running Off With Baby Sitter Phoenix Ariz father of 10 children was held Friday for running off with the baby sitter A Bray 37 admitted that he left his family packed in their trailer at Bell Gardens Cal and ran off with the plump blond sitter Betty Joe Roberts 16 He took most of the family relief check with him Brays 34 year old wife Gladys said Miss Roberts only began sitting with the kids a week ago That was when Mrs Bray came home from the hospital with her 10th child We got acquainted while she was sitting with the children Bray said We met on the street Wednesday and decided toleave town together Mrs Brays story was a little different however She charged that Miss Roberts an orphan visiting at Bell Gardens from Morrison Colo was an accom plished siren despite her youth She teased tortured and tan talized my husband Mrs Bray said Weve been together 14 years without any trouble but this girl came between us and broke us up She just wouldnt leave him alone She would sit down beside him and run her fingers through his hair and tickle him I asked her not to but she didnt mind Police here arrested Bray and Miss Roberts after state officials broadcast the license number of Brays car Creston Farmer Dies in CarTruck Collision Creston OF Cihafc Creston farmer was fatally in jured Friday in an automobile truck collision as Cihak and his family were en route to the state fair at Des Moines The accident occurred on high way 34 a mile east of Creston Cihaks wife and 3 daughters Carolyn 7 Catherine 6 and Ca mella Ann 2 also were injured but theninjuries were not se rious Sheriff J R Ewing said the truck which was going west was driven by David Lanning 23 of Des Moines and owned by L W Pittsley of Des Moines SAME Black guilt la natt U ;