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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 22, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL TTT and United Press Full Leased wires MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 22 194S Associated i t w AUviUBJ A6t Jl94t y YUGJSLAlnORElOrOJilN Airplane Escorts i AIR PROTECTION ALONG BORDER Consider Plan After Yugoslav Attacks on American Transport Washington Unite States is considering fighter plan protection for American transpor planes which may have to pas near the Yugoslav border whil flying the AustrianItalian route top diplomatic authorities report ed Thursday The plan under conslcleratio would retain the present absolut ban against any American flight over Yugoslav territory and woul be designed to protect American aircraft from attack by Yugoslav fighter planes which might ven turc over Austria The whole consideration is basec on a point made in the ultimatum sent to the Yugoslav governmen late Wednesday in which th United States said that the 2 air planes already attacked by Yugo slavfighters may not have been over Yugoslavia at all The American note demandin0 release of any of the 15 person in the 2 planes who are stil alive declared that for the time being the United States makes nc statement as to the exact location Lot the 2 planes when they wen attacked Undersecretary of State Acheson called in Ambassaaoi iHerschelJohnson for a conference fgpresunjabiy to discuss the pos ifsibilUSes of filing an American complaint against Yugoslavia in the IT N security council if Ihe Yugoslavs do not comply with thi 48hbur ultimatum The ejcact time the ultimatum period ends has not been officially determined The question is wheth er the time begins to run from the hour at which the Yugoslav foreign office here received the text of the note or when the Am erican embassy in Belgrade re ceived it State department officials told I reporters there probably would be I some determination of the time 1 elements later in the day I Considerable interest was mani Ifested by officials here in reports I that American made fighter reaching Yugoslavia lendlease channels may Ihave been involved in the shoot ling down of American transpori planes on Aug 9 and Aug 19 i However a state department Informant said the only planes lendIcased to Yugoslavia were 5 trainers and 1 small cargo craft If any Americanmade planes are siow in Yugoslav possession some diplomats suggested they may have got there by way of Russia The Soviet union received thou sands of U S combat craft during the war In addition to scheduling a con ference with Herschel Johnson Acheson also arranged a meetinp Thursday with Polish Ambassador Dscar Lange who is serving this nonth as president of the United Nations security council How ever it was considered likely that my discussion of Yugoslavia by jange and Acheson would be in cidental to the main purpose of ranges visit He has just re turned from Poland and said he expected to reporton his trip Officials here haveemphasized rJ along that the United States is lot making any claim to the right 0 unauthorized flight over Yu go lav territory The American case is based on he contentionthat the Yugoslavs tad no right however to shoot own American aircraft which light have flown over their ter itory by mistake To this position he ultimatum added the addition 1 point that the Yugoslavs had no ight to send fighter craft beyond fugoslav boundaries to shoot own American craft properly ver Austria As the 48 hour ultimatum ticked way the United States stood if a show involving the whole struc ire of world peace In a grave ana angry indictment us nation set Friday night as the eadline for the sovietbacked alkan state to 1 free iroprison lL airmen of one plane by Yugoslav fighter craft Ind 2 permit O S diplomats to a second incident of a 4ane shot down near Marshal summer home i It warned that unless those de jands are met within the time about 9 p m CST United States gov nment will call upon the secur V council of the United Nations to eet promptly and to take appro bate action Miami Fla the right to land on American soil 18 seagoing refugees including girl from the little Republic of Estonia re mained aboard their 30foot sloop here Thursday Without a valid immigration permit in the group it appeared that they would have to push on atter replenishing their supplies The little ship which depends on sail almost entirely for power reached Miami Wednesday after a voyage from Sweden that lasted almost three months Included in the group besides the little yellowhaired girl are 11 men and six wives We had hoped we coiil3 stay saia Felir Tandre skipper and navigator of the sloop Inarda I believe we coula have good Americans I dont know where we will go but it wont be back to Estonia He said the group fled to Swe den during the German occupa tionof their native land Jived under both Russian rule Swimming Saboteurs Blast Hole in British Troopship TeUSae vsiaS limpet mines blew a vuj jjuiitt utiy day night but failed to sink her the day government announced Thurs oast Guard Tightens Control on Foreign Ships in American Ports Washington coast guard has reinvoked tight contro ver movement of foreign ships nto American ports in order to ssure United States investigators ull opportunity to check on pas engers crews he vessels and contents of The control is exercised under uthonty of amendments to the ntiespionage act of 1917 During tie war it was enforced strictly mt after the shooting stopped ontrol was relaxed somewhat The coast guard declined to say vhether particular incidents led o the tightening up reportedly sked by the state department vmch is interested in people and qcuments and the justice depart ment which handles immigration nd enforcement of antiespionage Weather Report FORECAST lason City Partly cloudy and continued rather cool Thursday night and Friday owa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday with scattered thunder showers near the Mis souri border Thursday night and in southwest portion Friday Continued cool Lowest Thurs day night 55 to 63 High Satur day 78 to 84 Ilnnesota Generally fair Thurs day night and Friday continued cool Thursday night a little warmer Friday IN MASON CITY weather statistics r 24 hour period ending at 8 clock Thursday morning Maximum 82 Minimum 53 At 8 a m Thursday 64 flEAR AGO Maximum 7 i Minimum 49 Pales lencc swimmers were observed around the stern of the ship and the military guard aboard opened fire on them though apparently without effect the announcement said in describing the attempt to sink the Empire Rival which had just returned from transporting a second load of illegal Jewish ref ugees to Cyprus Approximately a half hour ater 2 explosions took place and the after hold of the Empire Rival began 16 fill with water The bulk heads which had been closed held and the next hold remained clear of water After an investigation by divers 7045ton vessel moved into shallow water under her own power No immigrants were aboard at the time and no casual ties were reported among crew members Military and police sources ex pressed belief that the attack was staged by Haganas Palmach the stnkmg force of that Jewish un derground organization and ad vanced the theory that it had been carried out as a gesture to show the military it could be done Meanwhile the military con ducted a spot identity check in several quarters of Jerusalem shortly before noon Thursday throwing up roadblocks of barbed wire manned by Bren gun car riers We German and there is no choice between those two liberty has left Estonia Ban Parochial Pupils From School Buses Emmelsburg ff A district court ruling which would prohibit parochial school students from riding in public school buses was headed Thursday for review by the Iowa supreme court The ruling was made by District Judge Harry Narey in a test suit brought by the Silver Lake con solidated school district The district had asked the court to issue a declaratory judgment permitting parochial school chil dren to ride in public school buses whose routes passed near their homes In a 34page opinion Judge Narey upheld a defense motion to dismiss the suit The defendants included the state superintendent the state treasurer and the state comptrol ler Denis Kelleher of Fort Dodge an attorney for the school district said the district definitely will appeal to the state supreme court Kelleher explained that both sides had agreed an appeal should be taken because of the far reaching nature of the case To qualify for state aid in trans portation costs as provided by a 52000000 appropriation from the last legislature school districts must comply with state regula tions Under the district court ruling school district whose buses picked up parochial pupils would endanger its right to collect such aid from the state Each common toad frog is said to be worth at least annu ally to farmers because of the harmful insects it eats COAL ORANGES RECEIVE PRICE BOOST BY OPA Reduced Retail Meat Ceilings Will Become Effective on Sept 9 Washington OPA Thursday hiked price ceilings on coal and signaled for a boost on oranges On top of this an agencj official reported retail lamb price will be higher than June 30 ceil ings when meat controls are re stored Sept 9 The Iamb prices will average a least 5 cents more a pound than on June 30 the official told a re porter saying the increase is nec essary because OPA and the agri culture department decided agains revival of the Iamb subsidy This totaled in fiscal 1946 OPA officials said subsidy pay ments on cattle and hogs will be revived at the June 29 rate as au thorized by the price decontro board Naming the date when retail meat ceilings are to apply again OPA Chief Paul Porter also pledged an allout drive againsl black markets As this campaign developed1 OPA authorized a price boost 01 30 cents a ton for hard coal and for coke and an increase of cents a ton for soft coal These retail price hikes effec tive Friday are required by the new price control law OPA said On oranges maximum prices in retail stores will climb about a half cent a pound as soon as grocers receive supplies at high er prices authorized But even while the paradeoi price increases continued OPA went ahead with an assignment i rarely handles any price cut Porter reaffirmed at a news conference that the new meat ceil ings which the price decontrol board ordered restored will be at or near June 30 figures In ordering them back the soard said meat prices had climbed from 20 to 80 per cent after con trols lapsed June 30 Porter also announced a price ncrease of 7 cents a hundred rounds for flour effective Friday to offset higher parity prices for wheat which remains ceilingfree along with all other major grains This price hike is expected to raise retail flour ceilings about I cent on a 10pound sack on top of a cent a pound Increase al owed early his month vheat perhaps this fall As for enforcement of meat ceilings Porter said OPA plans to thmw tVlp hnnV nt throw the book1 ceteers at black mar Meat ceilings Porter announced fill be restored first on live ani mals effective Aug 29 and at other distribution levels on this daggered basis At packing houses Sept 1 vholesale September 5 retail September 9 I Killed 7 Injured in West Virginia Blast Nitro W Va terrific explosion and fire ripped through he OhioApex industrys main chemical plant Thursday killing ne worker and injuring 7 others Company officials estimating he damage in excess DOO said it would take at least 6 nonths to put the 600foot long luilding back on a production asis Cause of the explosion which slew out one end of the 10story igh structure was undetermined Lonnie Kilgore found pinned a huge slab of concrete died 2 hours after being freed GERMAN AS TENSION RIDES HIGHTension between British and American forces on the one hand and Yugoslav troons on the other makes the above area one of the 5 teU st kv tween U SBritish and Yugoslav soldiers unarmed Ameri can transports have been attacked by Yugoslav fighter planes Yugoslav Premier Tito in answer to u S pro thelrst lalle was lost in clouds and pro re Molotov Talks to Yugoslav Minister at Peace Parley peace conference REPORT SECRET MAKING OF ARMS Claim Red Manufacture in Their German Zone London British gov ernment announced Thursday that t had received secret reports thai he Russians were making arma ments in their zone of Germany and hinted that it would take dip omatic action on the matter A foreign office spokesman dis closing the receipt of reports of soviet arms manufacture in the occupied zon of Germany said uch procedure would violate the Potsdam agreement At the same time the spokes nan hinted strongly that Great Jritain was selling radar equip nent to Sweden for use in tracing he course of mysterious rocket projectiles over Scandinavia The informant said it was very possible that this country would esort to diplomatic measures in onnection with the regorfs of Russian armament making in Ger many The first reports of such activ ty in the soviet zone reached BVi ain a year ago and Foreign Sec etary Ernest Bevin took up the matter with Foreign Minister V M Molotov at the July 1945 meeting the foreign ministers Bevin asked for an investiga ion to allay any unfounded sus picions While they were talking Ukran lan Foreign Minister Dmitri Man uilski warned the delegates that The Balkans once more may be come the powder keg of Europe Neither Manuilski nor any other speaker had referred directly to The Junction hotel in Western Australia is surrounded by a four oot fence made of empty beer s known locally as dead marines Witness BelievesYugoslav Planes American Made Trieste American who saw the U S army transport shot 9Wn at the Yugoslavia frontier Monday said Thursday the Yugo slav fighter planes appeared to be of American manufacture Yugoslavia received of war supplies Including planes under the lendlease program dur ing the war The eyewitness a former soldier with combat experience in Italy who asked that his name not be used said the sound of the planes motors and their lines convinced him that they were American P51 Mustangs The American said he witnessed the incident from a hotel window in Bled after he was attracted by the noise of the fighter planes passing overhead He added that he himself heard no sound of shooting but that oth er witnesses in the street told him later they heard 4 or 5 loud ex plosions resembling cannon lire was clear he said that the transport plane was hit in the air and was burning on the way down He added that he saw no para chutes but that others told him later 2 persons parachuted from the stricken plane He said the 2 planes far exceed ing the slow transport in speed and maneuverability gave chase to the transport over Bled as it was proceeding northward appar ently returning to Austria They overtook the transport plane over the mountain across the lake from Bled and made sev eral passes at it he said The plane then went into a slow turn as though it were about to return to Bled to land Then the fighter planes dived again and the plane fell off info a spin and spiraled to the ground with great clouds of black smoke coming out of it After it crashed on the far side of the mountain one of the fighter planes dived low over the lake and zoomed over the city as though in a victory gesture Many persons in the streets cheered as the fighter passed over them he said A dispatch from Belgrade the Yugoslav said the best in formation available there was that no British or American types of fighter planes were being used at present by the Yugoslavs Bussian type Stormoviks which are beine used looked something like British Spitfires the dispatch said Im mediately after the war Yugoslavia had a small number of British Hurricane fighters and still uses numerous Americanmade C47 and German Junkers 52 transports for transport the AmericanYugoslav crisis Manuilski denounced what he called a policy of greed with re gard to the Balkan states saying it was having a nefarious effect on international relations Secretary of State James Byrnes afso was conferring with various persons Chief among them was Sen Tom Connally D Tex who arrived to Join the American delegation to the conference He new from Sou thh amp ton where he debarked from the Queen Mary Byrnes went to Luxembourg palace for the opening of the plen ary session Thursday but he left soon after the opening He ap peared to be engaged in efforts incident to his reported readiness to accept the failure of the confer ence if necessary to win the dis pute with Yugoslavia Byrnes staked American world prestige and chances for a success ful conference on his ultimatum demanding satisfaction from Yu goslavia within 48 hours for Yugo slavia actions in shooting down 2 American transport planes He is convinced it was under stood that failure of the peace conference would not be too great a price to pay for bringing the Yugoslavs to heel The conference could not succeed anyway if the Yugoslavs were permitted to get away with the shooting incidents Byrnes was said to believe Byrnes was represented as feei ng that American prestige in the critical Trieste area hinged on the airplane incidents Unless the United States gets satisfaction he feels her military and diplomatic position will be imperiled Benedictine Nun Takes 1 st Plane Solo Flight St Paul Minn XUPJ Sister Maxine 39 year old Benedictine nun wrapped her flowing habit around her Thursday climbed nto an airplane and took off on her first solo night Her instructor Harold Young nans chief pilot for American Aviation company said she did an excellent job Sister Maxine a member of the caching staff at Cathedral high school in St Cloud said she earned to fly so that she could teach classes in aviation this fall MEN RELEASED BEFORE ENVOY TALKS TO TITO Crew and Passengers Expected to Arrive in Trieste by Night BULLETIN Belgrade AP The captured crew and pas sengers of the American army transport forced down by Yugoslav gunfire Aug 9 were freed Thurs day an hour before U S Ambassador Richard C Patterson presented to Mar shal Tito the Washington ultimatum demanding their release within 48 hours The 10 men detained left Ljubl pana for the Yugoslav fron tier at about p m a m central stand ard time Patterson began conferring with Tito at about p m The crew and passengers of the plane expected to arrive in Trieste by nightfall Belgrade Yugoslavia S Ambassador Richard C Patterson set out by plane for Marshal Titos headquarters near the Austrian border Thursday to deliver the United States ultimatum demand ing release of American flyers within 48 hours military source said Yugoslav on2 liii aniieil American transports which gave rise to Ihe stiff slate depart ment demand apparently were made in Russianmanufactured Slormovlk fighter planes Tito summoned his No 1 for eign relations expert Gen Vladi mir Velebit to be present at the meeting at Bled With Velebit Yugoslavias deputy foreign min ister went Mirko Bruner a for eign office secretary Velebit at tended the San Francisco confer ence and is regarded as the Yugo slav chieftains top personal ad visor on foreign affairs Two U S graves registration representatives First Lt Charles O Provow and Private George Demasi went in Pattersons plane Provow and Demasi were given permission to search HID area near Bled for the bodies of 3 American air force personnel believed to have been killed Monday when a C47 transport was shot down in flame Tie wreckage was re ported found about 2 miles in side Yugoslavia from the Austrian border The original the American ultimatum was delivered to the Yugoslav diplomatic representa tive in Washington Wednesday Theodore Kohenthal U S con sul at Zagreb was informed Thursday by officials at Yugoslav fourth army headquarters in Ljubljana in northern Yugoslavia lhat no trace had been found of Lwo more American crew members of the C47 who were seen to parachute from the blazing plane This information added to fears may also have been that they killed Seven other American and three nonAmerican passengers of an unarmed C47 transport which was forced to land by Yugoslav fighters 10 days earlier still were held by Yugoslav authorities Velebit left Belgrade for Bled with Patterson in the American ambassadors special C47 trans port plane Following the conference with he Yugoslav chief of state Pat erson arranged to fly to Geneva refuel and then proceed to a meet ng with Gen Mark W Clark commander of u S forces in Austria Both C47 planes when hey were forced down were fly ng from Vienna Clarks head quarters to Udine Italy The best information here was flat the 2 transports were not attacked by lendlease planes since the Yugoslavs were no long er believed using any types of British or Americanmade fighter Ttitt Foreign military observers said he Yugoslav air force Is small and made up of pilots who need raining and Hying experience For that reason observers said ne attrition rale from mechani cal failure and pilot error Is about 0 per cent higher than some other ir forces There Is no available estimate of the tolal strength of he air force available here ;