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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 22, 1942, Mason City, Iowa DEPART W k r o y o c c M p NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOVVANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIi LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 22 1942 THIS PAPEIt CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 270 BRAZIL COES TO WAR ACAINST AXIS Nelson Redouble Effort to Meet Goal SAYS BALANCE NEEDED IN WAR OUTPUT POLICY Declares Production in July 7 Per Cent Behind Expected Total WASHINGTON fP Produc tion Chief Donald M Nelson re ported Saturday that while muni tions production increased 16 per cent last month July output ran seven per cent behind expected performance nnd we must re double our efforts if we are to make our goal by the years end Production progress has been uneven Nelson said in his sec ond war production report nnd the iiff job ahead of us rhjht now is to bring our program into balance and make sine that we use our materials and facilities as wisely as possible V For example Nelson said air craft production in July showed an 11 per cent jump compared with June but combat plane out put fell short of expectations and for the next few months is not expected to reach the production planned earlier in the year Declaring flatly that the army navy and maritime commission are working for me Nelson re asserted his authority over the war program Emphasizing thai the army navy munitions bniril abso lutely positively had no veto power over the war production hoard Nelson told a press con ference that the present lack of balance in the production pro gram was a result of my delib erate intention to get production started as fast as possible in every direction That policy he said seemed right when he took over the job of running WPB and it seems right to me now Semi independent production scheduling by the armed services and the maritime commission thus far has resulted in some sched uling ahead of overall productive capacity Nelson reported adding that it was now nccesary to rec oncile nur needs with our re sources by reducing some sched ule and increasing others The WPB index of munitions productions showed output in July was three and a half times above November 1941 the month prior In Pearl Harbor Ordnance production was up 26 per cent over June output of naval ships has increased 22 per cent while merchant ship tonnage was up six per cent Despite difficulties in supply of some raw materials and semi finished products Nelson said available statistics showed that plant shutdowns and stoppages so far were sopradic ralhcr than general i if Any mfeicnte that tlie war effort as a whole is slowing down is unwarranted although diffi culties in maintaining such large monthly increases will become greater as we approach maximum output This will mean increased planning increased effort and firm use of the production controls and materials controls that have been developed Discussing the uneven July production in relation to schedule Nelson said that in some cases pro duction outstripped the forecasts bul in others forecasts were not approached This he interpreted as meaning war production efforts bad en tered a new in which more careful balancing of re quirements will become increas ingly important For n lonsraiiRc Nelson said there must be a close more effective control of the flow of materials and a comprehensive system ofpro duction control to make cer tain hat the right materials eel to the right places at the right lime This problem will become less serious as production of basic ma terials increases Substantial ex pansion programs are being pushed in such vital materials as steel rubber aluminum magne sium and copper The situation will be eased also by increased attention to salvage to controlling Ihc flow of materials and by tighter scheduling of military items New problems will arise but the fact that production continues DONALD SI NELSON on Output U S SUBS SINK 4 JAP VESSELS One Destroyer May Also Have Been Sent Down by Submersible WASHINGTON navy announced Saturday that Ameri can submarines in the Pacific have sunk four Japanese noncombat ant ships possiby sunk one de trover and damaged one non combatant ship One of the noncombatant ships a merchant vessel was sunk ill the Aleutians area All the other craft successfully attacked were in the western Pacific Navy communique number 110 said Far cast 1 United States submarires have reported the following results of operations in the far easten waters Two large cargo ships sunk One large transport sunk One destroyer damagec and possibly sunk One medium sized cargo ship damaged by one torpedo hit 2 These actions were not re lated to the operations in the Sol omon islands Pacific 3 A United States submarine lias reported the sinking of a large Japanese merchant ship in the Aleutian area I The above actions have no been announced in any previous navy department communique 9 Bodies Found After 2 Bombers Collide BATON ROUGE La Army authorities announced Sat urday that two additional bodies bringing the total dead to nins had been found in the wreckag of two medium bombers whicf collided in midair Friday Armj rescue workers continued a scare of the heavily wooded area nen Maiding Field but Maj C T Rogers public relations officer said only nine men had been in the two planes DRIVE BACK FOE WITH THRUSTS AT KLETSKAYA Germans Continue Heavy Pressure Push More Deeply Into Caucasus MOSCOW Red army men drove back the Germans in the Cletskaya area of the Don bend northwest of Stalingrad by a sur rise attack Friday night while the ermans generally maintained the nitiative in other southern thea ters the Russians said Saturday Close quarter fighting developed from the soviet thrust and the lazi survivors were reported to lave left on the battlefield 200 dead two field guns eight ma chineguns 13 munitions trucks and a radio station This relatively limited opera tion ana a report that Russian detachments forced ever deeper into the central Caucasus had pinched off and out Ger man vanguards in the hills southeast of Pyatigorsk were balanced by acknowledgement of sustained nazi attacks southeast of Kletskaya northeast of Ko telmkovski and southeast of Krasnodar The Moscow radio said sovic forces southeast of Kletskaya were launching one counterattack after another and in some place were throwing the nazis on tin defensive Several small German forces mostly of automatic riflemen which crossed the Don at its curve southeast of Klclskaya in an at tempt to establish a bridgehead only about 40 miles from Staling were declared by Moscov newspapers to be suffering heavy punishment A machinegun am bush accounted for about 60 of the riflemen it was announced Soviet troops were said to b cutting down a German infantrj column mousetrapped behind a minor nazitank penetratioi southwest of the Stalingrad indus trial center on the Volga The midday communique re ported the invadcrs hail lost heavily in that centered along a 95mile railway line from Kotclnikovski and were throwing hi reserves Raid is Surprise to Roosevelts ARRIVES IN LONDON LONDON Bertil of Sweden grandson of King Gustaf V and a captain in the Swedish navy has arrived in London to serve as naval attache of the Swedish legation Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy to climb should give assurance that those responsible for war production recognize their prob lems are facing them as they ap pear nnd are finding the answers The real test of what our in dustrial machine is doing is liow much arc we turning what arc we producing So far we arc runnhi7 at a rale limes as Treat as during the month before Pearl Harbor the rest of the ycnr will tell the story V Production of medium tanks measured numerically was re ported 35 per cent above June and considerably ahead of sche dules while light tank produc tion increased 15 per cent and also remained ahead of schedules Production of antiaircraft guns increased sharply one class of guns showing a gain of 54 per cent while output of another class gained per cent both of them exceeding wide schedules by a Twelve tanks of a 50lank for mation were declared knocked ou of action and about 300 German killed in a battle against an un yielding soviet front New Russian withdrawals weri recorded below both Pyatigorsl and Krasnodar but the soviet in formation bureau said red arm mortar crews of one unit killci over 1000 German officers am men in three days and destroye 12 tanks and a number of trucks Red army men on the north western front part of an area i which the Russians have beci probing on the offensive wer reported to have driven the Gcr mans from a populated place killed several hundred and de stroyed six German tanks and foil enemy blockhouses A midnight communique indi cated no abatement of the peri the twoway thrust against Stalin grad but the eighth week of Fiel Marshal Fedor von Backs bi push was ending with lines of th red army still intact f In the central Caucasus Ger man detachments assigned to thr drive toward the Grozny and Baku oil fields were reported re pelled Friday southeast of Pyati gorsk Field dispatches said this fight ing centered along a 50 mil asphalted highway toward Na chik iUelf 100 miles west c Grozny Natural defenses of the Can casian foothills appeared still I be behind the Russians conductir a fighting retreat south of nodar Germanoccupied Kuba Rimer port Soviet soldiers with drew again in one sector the com munique said More than 2000 Germans were reported killed by a Russian unit in three days Soviet bombers and naval ves sels hammered away at Adolf Hit lers factories and ships and a broadcast beamed to western Eur opean peoples said that a great united nations offensive against Germany is now being prepared A large force of Russian bom bers raided war industries of War saw East Prussia and upper Si lesia Thursday night and left ex WASHINGTON oosevclt heard about his son ames part in the Makin island aid only when he read the news aper dispatches Saturday niorn whereupon he remarked to a ecretary Did you see where immy was in the show Piess Secretary Stephen Early old reporters this in remark ng that neither the president nor Irs Roosevelt had my more in ormatidn on the whereabouts or etivUies of their sons than the athers and mothers of other of icers and men in the armed scrv ces While the two were reading the leadlines in the presidents bed oom at breakfast Mrs Roosevelt mterod the room and asked the hicf executive whether he could ell her any more details of Major Roosevelts participation in the aid than were in the morning apcrs The president Early related aid he could not as he did not snow any more than the papers arried from Hawaii Mr and Mrs Roosevelts four boys are all in the service three of them in combat branches The ourth whose eyesight is not up combat standards is a navy disbursing officer James the eldest at 34 used to Je a lieutenant colonel in the ma rines but a fortnight after his father declared a national emer gency on Sept 8 1939 he sub mitted his resignation suying his age and experience were insuffi cient to merit such a rank in the case of actual call to service He then started out as a cap tain in the marine corps reserve and was mobilized into active service Nov 7 J940 JAMES ROOSEVELT Makin Island Print Plea of lowan That Australian Girls Not Be Wed to Yankees SYDNEY Australia Sydney Daily Telegraph printed the following letter Saturday from Miss Marilyn Rcnncr of Iowa Please do all you can to pre vent marriages between United States soldiers and Australian girls Already thousands of Ameri can girls face spinstcrhood and lives of loneliness because of a shortage of marriageable men oc casioned by the war It is injuri ous lo the mental and physical health of American womanhood to be permanently frustrated of the instinctive desire to marry and create a home plosions and announced fires behind it was Boys Warned to Stay Away From Bivouac Area Used by Army DES MOINES Sat urday warned boys to stay away from the bivouac area used by the army war show forces after Ed ward Christcnscn Jr 14 was injured by ammunition found in the area and exploded by bovs in a bonfire Police confiscated a number of shells found by boys The war show played here earlier this week NIGHT RAIDERS ARE WIPED OUT BY AMERICANS Attack on Makin Isle Revealed Nipponese Lose 872 in Action By ROGER D GREENE Associated Tress War Editor United Slates marines writing a new type of South seas drama in Japanese blood were crcclitec officially Saturday with wiping out two enemy forces in the 1 day old battle of the Solomon is lands and inflicting damn in an assault on Makin island 1500 miles lo the northeast Altogether it was announced by Admiral Chester W Nimilz commander of the U G Pacific fleet the hardhitting Leather necks killed 842 Japanese and captured 30 prisoners American losses were small MARINES CKUSH STEALTHY NIGHT ATTACK OF JAPS In the Solomons the marines crushed a stealthy night attack by TOO wellequipped Japanese last Wednesday killing all but 30 in savage handtohand lighting which raged through the night until late Thursday afternoon and on the same night annihilated an enemy force of J2 officers and men who resisted until the last man was killed Total American losses in the two actions were 34 killed and E5 wounded BOLD U S KAID IS MADE ON MAKIN ISLAND hi the bold raid on Makin island in the Gilbert Islands 2400 miles southwest of Hawaii U S ma rines and bluejackets wrecked the enemy base killed at least 80 Japanese troops and withdrew af ter completing their mission This was the same attack re ported Friday by imperial Tokio headquarters which asserted that about 20D American troops land ing at dawn on Aug 17 had been completely repulsed Admiral Nimitz said Ihc ma rines with Major lames Roose velt the presidents eldest son as second in command shot the Japanese garrison smashed radio installations and stores and destroyed two seaplanes ill he water Ships of our expedition gunnec and sank one small transport anc one gunboat Admiral Nimitzs headquarters announced Known enemy losses inflicted by the marines are at least 80 Jap anese killed radio installation nnd stores destroyed and one large and one small seaplane de stroyed on the water the com munique said Losses were suffered by lit enemy in heavy bombing attack dealt by their own confused air craft which arrived from ollici bases lo assist their bclcaguercc countrymen Ships of our expedition gunnei and sank one small transport rnc one gunboat the communique said Considering the nature o this operation our forces suffcrec only moderate losses The surprise raid indicated that American forces are seek ing out Japanese bases and strong points on sonic of Hie hundreds of enemyheld islands in Hie south Pacific area for a continuous stepping stone of fensive asrainst the Japanese Makin island is the most north erly island of the Britishownei Gilbert group and is one of tin bases attacked last January whei an American naval task forci struck in the Gilbert and Marshal islands Three hundred miles north o Makin lies the Japanese base a Jaluit on the Marshall islands Japaneseowned Jaluit and tin further north Japanese bases a Taroa and Wotjc in the Marshall also wore hammered in the Janu ary raid Roosevelt who left film produc ing in Hollwood in 1D40 for active service in the marine corps was uinjured FIGHT DAILY SKIRMISHES ON SOLOMON ISLANDS First details on fighting in the Jv Si a Brazil as the map above shows is the largest ot the South American nations It also is the most populous Be cause its easternmost hump approaches so near tlie coast of Africa it has a very strategic geographical location in connection with the war The inset is of President Geltilio Vargas IS FIRST NATION TO TAKE STEP IN S AMERICA Several Other Nations in South Hemisphere May Follow Lead RIO DE JANEIRO declared war Satur day on Germany and Italy The declaration was made after a week of rising agita tion which followed tlie sink ing by nazi submarines oE six Brazilian ships with the loss of possibly GOO lives Urazil was the first na tion south of Panama to de clare war on the axis and her action was expected to have repercus sions in the attitude of other South American na tions v It was believed that Chile which excepting Argentina is the only nation in South America continuing diploma tic relations with the axis may sever relations Several other South American countries it was thought may now United Nations Reach 29 Total By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Brazil at war against F R Cables Vargas Brazil Will Speed Freedom Victory Says Declaration of War Aligns Nation With Free Peoples FLYING FORTS SCORE VICTORY Destruction of Half of 20 Nazi Planes Over North Sea Reported AMERICAN PORTRESS AIR Ironic Somewhere in England flying fortress crews Saturday night reported bey believe they scored an un recedentcd victory over the Uift destruction of at least lalf the 20 to 25 nazi FockcWulfe and Mcsserschmitts in the North sen air battle This is a considerably higher core than was claimed officially by the U S air command in re porting Fridays North sea battle and the total is far above normal expectation for a clash between jombers and fighters In the encounter 11 of the crack U S bombers fought a score or norc of Germanys best fighters The American crews which fought the engagement said that it leait 12 of the German planet vcre either shot down or dani igcd so badly they never were able lo reach their home bases Tlie fortresses fought at odds of four or five to otic during a 25 minutc dog fight The fortresses arc becoming known as the Flying Porcupines form the record they are setting up in combat They fought the Germans over the North sea without fighter es cort Nine of the II fortresses bore the brunt of the German attack and two of these planes were damaged Bul all returned safely WASHINGTON Roosevelt cabled President Getulio Vargas of Brazil Saturday that Brazils declaration of war against Germany and Italy has hastened the coming of the inevitable vic tory of freedom over oppression The text of Mr Roosevelts mes sage I have been informed that Ihc United Slates of Brazil has today recognized lhat a stale of war exists between Brazil on he one hand and Germany and Italy on the other hand On behalf of the government and people of the United States 1 express to your excellency the pro found emotion with which this courageous action has been re ceived in this country This solemn decision more firmly aligns the people of Brazil with the free peoples of the world in n relentless struggle against the lawless and predatory axis pow ers It adds power and strength moral nnd material to tile armies of liberty As brothers in anus our soi dicrs and sailors will write a new page in Ihc history of friendship confident and coopciction which has marked since the earliest days of independence relations between your country and mine The action taken locluy by your government has hastened Ihc coming of the inevitable victory of Solomons disclosed that the ma rines commanded by MajGen Alexander A Vandergrift have fought daily skirmishes with sur viving Japanese troops who fled into the hills and jungles after the marines landed on Aug 7 Complete masters of beachheads on at least three islands in the 900 mile long archipelago the ma rines have been hunting down enemy forces which resorted to lueiTilla warfare and sniping V Iasl Wednesday night Ad miral said 700 Japanese landed from highspeed boats outside HID marines lines on one of he islands and attempted a surprise attack T During the darkness only handtohand fighting was pos sible t communique said But with the breaking of day the marines were able to maneu ver While one battalion held the front line another battalion moved to a flank and drove the then withdrawing Japanese to the beach The action contintied until late afternoon Of the 700 Japanese 670 arc dead the rest prisoners In a second clash on Wednesday night a marine patrol destroyed an entire force of 92 Japanese with the loss of only six killed and 13 wounded freedom o v c r oppression of Christian religion over the forces of evil and darkness I send you my warmest per sonal regards and expressions of the fullest confidence in the suc cess of our common Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Much cooler Sat urday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon Scattered showers Saturday afternoon IOWA Scattered thundershovvcrs southeast and in extreme south portions Saturday afternoon cooler Saturday night in ex treme cast and extreme south portions Sunday forenoon fiesh lo moderately strong winds MINNESOTA Considerably cooler cast and south portions Satur day night continued cool north west portion Saturday afternoon through Sunday forenoon fresh to moderately strong winds east portion Saturday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 39 Minimum Friday night 69 At 8 n m Saturday 70 Rain 01 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 01 With llic axis the unilcU nations now number 29 as follows The United Stales Brazil Britain Russia China Austra lia liclsriuni Canada Costa Kica Cuba Czechoslovakia iniiiian Republic El Salvador Greece Guatamala Haiti Hon duras I n I i a Luxcmboursr Mexico the Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Norway Panama Philippine Islands Po land South Africa and Jugo slavia follow Brazils lead and make for mal declaration of war It was the sccod time Brazil hnd entered a world conflict She took similar action in the first World war Tile action was taken Saturday after Ihc Brazilian diplomatic corps was instructed lo advise Inc other nations of the western hem isphere of her stand If followed days of conferences cd by President Gcliilio Varsas anil ForciRii Minister Oswaldo Aranlia and in which the chiefs of the Brazilian armed forces and other cabinet members par licipalcd All military and naval leaves had been canceled for several days and all axis nationals except members of Ihe diplomatic corps had been forbidden to leave the country The Bage and Cuyaba two Bra zilian refugee ships with axis na tionals aboard nwailing repatria tion arc still hcd in Rio de Jan eiro and it wa nut known im mediately what would be their dis position Germany is holding II Brazil ians in occupied France and Brazil plans lu hold the German nation als as hostages for the good trcal mem of Brazils citizens in Ger man hands Hra7il was one of Ihc leaders in the foreign ministers confer ence here last January which re sulted in a recommendation lo all the American republics to sever relations with the axis After Brazil severed relations hundreds of axis espionage and propaganda agents were seized and interned in a concentration camp in fir de Janeiro harbor The first Brazilian ship the t152ton Buarque was torpedoed and Mink Feb 15 and since then 20 Brazilian ships were attacked of which 19 were reported Mink Brazilian United States and British planes opened an air and sea drive on the axis submarines of which two and possibly three were sunk Brazil has hccn rcccivine leaselend aid from the United States and il is believed that a larfre quantity of war material has reached this country Brazils vulnerability to airborne attack from overseas lies in the fact lhat her northeastern bulge is less than 1700 miles from Vichycontrolled Dakar in French west Africa Brazils military forces now under arms is believed to total well in excess of 100000 men with ;