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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 21, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mmr VOL LVI Associated and United Press Full Lease Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 21 1950 This Paper Consists ol Two One No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Placing the Blame for Korean Setback ABOUT the most popular and activity in our country these days is trying to put a finger on the person or persons responsible for our discouraging Avar in Korea No two lists of cul prits will be found to be exactly the same I have mine you have yours The one most common conclu sion reached in these multiple diagnoses of the situation is that we obviously werent prepared for a war in Korea And that cou ples with the corollary fact that we werent counting on an out break in Korea Even those in highest positions of authority were convinced that Korea was about the least likely site of communist assault This I know because 4 days before that assault I heard this view ex pressed by top figures in both our state department and our national defense department Caught Sound Asleep There may be good explanations of WHY our intelligence was so very bad but the sad fact remains that it WAS We were caught sound asleep at the switch and theres no point in denying it Another thing clear to all now is that the North Korean forces Russiantrained and Russian equipped were ever so much stronger than anybody on our side suspected By the same token the South responsibility sadly inadequate to the de mands upon them Our tanks were too few in num ber and inadequate as to size and armor We had a hundred carrier ships tucked away in mothballs at various places along our own only one medium sized flattop within range of the Korean action at the time of its origin Guns Mostly On Order We have some superbazooka guns that will pierce the thickest skin of a Russian tank Here again Im not guessing because I this gun in action Its a combina tion of World war II bazooka and our latest recoilless gun Its really a fabulous weapon But and here is the melancholy fact this amazing gun hasnt been put into largescale produc tion There were none immediate ly available when things broke loose in Korea and even now the guns being manufactured at the Bock Island arsenal are in short supply So what must we conclude about the whole matter Must we set it down that those in command of our military forces are pathetical ly inadequate to the demands up on them Shall we have them fired Well that would be the easiest course of action But Im not sure that it would accomplish anything important Wed have our scape goat for what has happened But it wouldntin any sense insulate us against the possibility of a re occurrence of the debacle Real Defense Will Come High So far as the military aspect of the matter is concerned as dis tinguished from the intelligence and diplomatic aspects the sober ing fact which must be faced up to if were serious in our contest with communism is this WE CANNOT BE PREPARED North Kore r Next Push TO MEET AGGRESSION AT ANY AND ALL PLACES ON OUR GLOBE WITH THE MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT NOW AT OUR DISPOSAL We may just as well make up our minds to this NOW We have been putting altogether too much reliance in our stock of atomic bombs Weve been spending our national income for butter Russia has been investing her resources in bullets The one greatest shortcoming to be chalked up against Secretary Louis Johnson is that he has en couraged the people of America to believe that they could have na tional security for less than billion a year That incidentally is only 6 per cent of our national income In Contrast to Russia While we have been spending 6 per cent of our national income for our military establishment Russia has been spending up to halt of hers This is the kremlins way of compensatirtg for the fact that Americas economic and in dustrial potential is vastly greater than Russias It wasnt so many months ago that Secretary Johnson was ap plauded for his announcement that a billion or so could be carved off the military appropriations The amputation he explained would be fat not muscle One of the savings came through stopping work on a giant carrier ship If you are I applauded the Johnson economy 0 move you will it seems to me have to accept some little share of the responsibility for the inade quacy of our national defenses so graphically revealed in Korea What we have is there just isnt enough of it Administration Responsibility Still looking at the situation from a military point of view we must charge the administration Continued on Pare 2 Rails Begin Strikes at 3 Key Points Truman Calls Top Labor Adviser for Another Peace Try Washington IP Trainmen walked out in 3 key terminals Monday and President Truman called on his top labor adviser to make another effort to head off a nationwide railroad strike He ordered John R Steelman presidential assistant to get repre sentatives of the railroads and unions together in another attempt to reach an agreement Charles G Ross presidential secretary said Mr Truman then will review the situation again before deciding what to do next If this fails a reporter asked isnt seizure the last resort You will have to draw your own conclusions Ross said The president Ross said di rected Steelman to make further efforts Monday afternoon to bring the contending parties together to seek an agreement 18Month Dispute The countrywide dispute is over wages and hours Mondays strikes were called for 5 days Trainmen said the idea is to call attention to the fact that the dis pute has dragged on for almost a year and a half without a decision Here is where the men went out In Louisville 250 switchmen on the Kentucky and Indiana Terminal Railroad left their jobs All of the roads 1200 employes were idled A union official said the walkout was 100 per cent ef fective In St employes of the Minnesota Transfer Railway company failed to report for the a m shift The road handles most of the switching of freight cars in and throughout Minne apolis and St Paul The lines 450 workers are affected by the strike In River Ter minal Railway owned by Republic Steel was shut down by 200 strik ers Employing some 400 workers the line serves Republics big steel plants The steel company has laid off 1500 of its 7000 workers What action Mr Truman would take if any isnt known Back from a weekend vacation Mr Truman met an Associated Press reporter at the Blair house His comment on the rail strike As soon as I know what the circumstances are Ill tell you what Im going to do Eben Ayers assistant white house press secretary told report ers there are no plans for seizure at this time Spreads Tuesday The trainmen and conductors asking for a 40hour week with out loss in the present 48hour pay for those in yard service have insisted that the president take over the nations major lines under an act of 1916 The strike is scheduled to spread Tuesday to two steel and coal hauling short line railroads GlobuGazelte photo by Musser NORTHERN LIGHTS North lowans were treated to a sensational display of aurora borealis northern lights Saturday night The fiery display extended over almost the whole sky up to the zenith and kept up a changing pat tern of lights and shadows for several hours The above picture was taken by Elwin Musser GlobeGazette staff photographer from his lawn at 2820 Adams S W using an exposure of 30 seconds f 45 North Iowa citizenry ad vanced the prediction the lights meant warmer days and nights were ahead The fact of the matter is that science has no clear explanation The theory most commonly ad vanced is that the displays are caused by the encounter of electrons from the sun with gases such as krypton and ni trogen in the upper rarified atmosphere Philippines Australia Send Men Soon By VICTOR KENDRICK HongKongr and the Philippines joined Britain Monday in announcing they will send ground troops at once to Korea to reinforce hardpressed Unilocl Nations forces Altogether the 3 countries will ship 3600 infantrymen to Gen Douglas MacArihur UN com mander for Korea Britain and Australiatogether will send 3 battalions some 2400 men President Elpidio Quirino of the Philippines said in Manila his republics 1st contingent of 1200 is ready for immediate dispatch and can go anytime now Quirino implied that the troops would leave within the next 10 days He did not say when the re mainder of the Philippines prof fered expeditionary force of 5000 would be ready He said the Filipino troops were trained in American methods and were fully equipped and supplied The contingent includes a light artillery battery he said Britains two 1st Argyll and Sutherland Ladies from Hell and the 1st Middlesex were packing their kit bags in Hong Kong for immediate shipment to Korea In Canberra Acting Australian Premier Arthur W Fadden an nounced that art Australian bat talion will join the two United Kingdom battalions in Korea Although Fadden gave no de tails it was believed the Austral ian battalion would be detached from the commonwealth occupa tion force in Japan It probably will join the two United Kingdom battalions before they go into ac tion Isolation Dead GOP Speaker Tells Meeting DCS Marines Isolationism is dead in the midwest a Minnesota republican leader said in citing heavy emphasis laid on interna tional problems at a strategy meeting of the G O P here over the weekend Bernard Levander of St Paul Minn chairman of the 12state conference at which national G O P chieftain Guy G Gabrielson was the featured speaker said the meeting demonstrated republican awareness of the urgency of inter national problems Levander urged midvvcsterners to elect republicans to congress in November as a step toward forc ing President Truman to comply with the conferences demand that he replace Secretary Acheson and Defense Johnson Woman Dies in Car Upset Near Woden COUNTY AUDITOR ALERTED McGregror Moe Clay ton county auditor is among 4 men from McGregor alerted for duty with Iowas 1st organized reserve unit to be called of State Secretary Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and dry through Tuesday Low Monday night 48 High Tuesday 79 Iowa Clear most of state Monday night Some chance for brief thundershowers extreme south west portion Monday evening Low Monday night 44 to 54 Tuesday sunny with little change in temperature Light variable winds Tuesday High Tuesday 72 to 78 Further outlook Fair and dry with rising temperatures indicated for Wednesday Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night somewhat cooler east portion Tuesday partly cloudy warmer north and central por tions Low Monday night 3642 north 4045 south High Tues day 7278 IN MASON CITY GlobeGnzette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Monday Aug 21 Maximum 73 Minimum 47 At 8 a m 62 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 44 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Sunday Maximum 65 Minimum 35 At 8 a m Sunday 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 46 McCarthy Praised National Chairman Gabrielson a former lowan told the meeting that republicans will support any useful steps taken in the interna tional crisis but will not engage in a conspiracy of silence which overlooks administration mistakes Gabrielson drew applause in his Saturday night banquet speech when he departed from his text to praise Senator McCarthy R a tough hombrc who had the nerve to try to drive the communists out of the state de partment At a separate meeting Sunday the Iowa republican state central committee discussed plans for the general election campaign Representatives of 3 auxiliary groups met with the committee and pledged close cooperation with the regular organization in waging a unified campaign Representatives Named The representatives were Alec MacKcnzic Cedar Rapids presi dent of Iowa Young Republican clubs William O Weaver Wa pcllo chairman of the Iowa Re publican Veterans league and Mrs Krissie Watts Jefferson president of the Iowa Council of Republican Women The central committee desig nated State GOP Chairman Rob ert K Goodwin and Vice Chair map Mrs Gertrude Wilharm Sum ncr to attend a regional meeting with the republican national com mittee in Chicago Sept 14 15 Woden Wilma Isebrand 20 died at Mercy hospital in Mason City at p m Sunday from injuries suffered when a car she was driving left the gravel road two miles south of Woden and crashed into a driveway culvert The car was badly damaged Clarence Peterson 23 a com panion of Kanawha suffered minor injuries He suffered back and leg abrasions Miss Isebrand never regained consciousness Peterson told Coroner Kenneth Boughton of Britt that he was dozing at the time of the acciden at a m The couple were on their way home after visiting in Britt Miss Isebrand was a daughter o Mr and Mrs Henry Isebrand o Woden and worked in her fathers hardware store Besides her par ents she has two younger sisters The body is at the Boughtoi funeral home at Britt AP Wirephoto WHERE ACTION IS REPORTED ON KOREAN FRONT arrows locate North Korean drives against South Korean and U S troops open arrows along the Korean battle front broken line Monday On the east coast the Korean reds yielded ground north of Kigye and Pohang but northwest of Taegu B the reds gained two miles before they were halted Southwest of Taegu C the reds were reinforcing their bridgehead at Hyonpung after their bulge at Changnyong was erased In the far south D the North Koreans were thrown back after gaining some ground in a drive on Masan Primary Race in New York By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With the lineup for their state and senate tickets still up in the air New York democrats and re publicans pick candidates for 45 house scats in primaries Tuesday Most of those nominated in New York will be present house mem bers since only 3 republicans and two democrats face primary con tests Wyoming and Mississippi voters will choose house nominees the same day Wyoming will also se lect party candidates in a gover nors race Delaware democrats in convention will nominate a candi date to run against republican representative J Caleb Boggs The week marked also by a run off primary in Texas Saturday to choose the democratic nominees for two house posts and two state offices may bring some clear indi cation of party choices for gover nor and senator in New York state and a mayoral contest in New York City Senator Lehman DLib N Y is counted as a sure starter in the democratic senatorial race But republicans havent come close yet to settling on his opponent Both parties will nominate for senate and governor at conventions Sept 2 Drivers Burn to Death in Truck Collision Near Dumont drivers burned to Allies Take 3Day Toll of 11000 South Korean Navy Knocks Out 2 Enemy TroopLoaded Ships By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo casualties totalling a mini mum of 11000 and possibly as high as 15000 in 3 days soared Monday as the North Korean reds strove in desper ation to crack the United Na tions defense lines in South Korea Despite their punishing losses mostly in dead the red invaders were continuing to mass men and to probe the lines on the central and south ern fronts for the big push which Americans piedict may be their last They are un d e r orders from their high command to wipe out the de fense by Aug 31 At one point north of Tae gu on the north central front the reds made a tough two mile gain before being halted by a brilliant night airartil lery co operation Tuesday however Gen MacArthurs Tokyo headquarters omitted its usual earlymorning com munique saying the situation had not changed since Reds Complain Significantly the North Korean communique broadcast by the Pyongyang radio dropped its us ual total success theme and com plained that the American and South Korean forces are heav ily counterattacking on all sec tors Tokyo headquarters put to JSUIJ11MI i W W MllvtLO JLIU rrM 1 i L l death Mondav when 3 trucks one nearby The charreo bodies OL the s Hurri nfDio tnunn Trnm tnp 67 of them loaded with bottled gas collided on highway 3 just west of here shortly after 9 a m The victims were Albert Getty 33 Hampton mar ried and the father of two children William Voris 31 Cedar Rapids driver of bottled gas truck Escaping injury was Lyle C Schear Hampton driver of a Swift and company pickup who lumped from his truck to safety Schear told authorities the crash occurred just after he signaled for a lefthand turn Two semi trailer trucks one following Schear who was eastbound and the other westbound collided headon Coroner Frank F McKean of Allison said he was told The pickup was caught in the collision Getty was driver of the semi trailer truck owned by the Mur phy company of Hampton and loaded with wallboard following Schear Voris was driver of the gas transport owned by the Shell ane Bottled Gas company travel ing west An immediate explosion took place as bottled gas burst into flames sending bottles 70 yards in the air and burning all 3 trucks two were taken from the wreckage Firemen were not able to get close to the mass of flames which raged over all 3 trucks Officers said flames and smoke from the fire were visible 8 miles away Bodies of the two victims were burned beyond recognition Red China Demands UN Representation Lake Success Red China made a formal demand Monday for representation in United Na tions Korean discussions The demand was presented in a telegram from Foreign Minister Chou EnLai to UN Secretary General Trygve Lie and to Rus sias Jakob A Malik August presi dent of the security council The telegram was circulated ns the council delegates prepared to meet in another informal closed door session to consider the pro cedural stalemate over Korean representation The China repre sentation issue has been linked to telephone and electric the Korean question by Malik SAME Black lac death in past 24 bourO FATAL CRASH FJRE SCENE A huge wreckage of twisted steel w a s all that remained of two large semi trailer trucks and a pickup after a headon collision on high way just west of Dumont Monday morning when two drivers were burned to death The large truck heading west was loaded with bottled gas which exploded sending Pholo by Hampton Chronicle bottles 70 yards away burning telephone poles and fence posts authorities said The driver of the pickup Lylc Schear ofHampton leaped to safety The victims were Albert Getty 38 Hampton and William Voris 31 Cedar Rapids tal red casualties on the entire front Friday aiiS Saturday at 10 092 This included only an unspe cified part of the 3500 casualties it listed as being inflicted on the enemy in the region north of Tae gu alone In addition frontline dispatches reported at least 1350 enemy dead counted in a single action on the extreme southern front and a South Korean spokesman reported 2450 casualties inflicted by t h e South Koreans in recapturing a hill on the northeast flank of the front above Taegu South Korean naval forces re ported they sank one red troop and ammunition ship and dam aged another off the south coast causing heavy but undetermined casualties Even allowing for many dupli cations the North Korean losses were terrific Yanks Lose Mountain Associated Press Correspondent Stan Swinton reported from the southern front that Americans lost a key and bitterly disputed moun tain position in a give and take battle two miles southwest of Haman to 1500 widely charging reds Fighting has raged around Haman since Sautrday The sector is defended by the U S 25th in fantry divisidn It is 10 miles northwest of the south coast port of Masan 27 airline miles west of Pusan Sustained air and artillery al tacks halted the red drive toward Taegu from a communist column north of alliedrecaptured Kum hwa Two red divisions have been identified in the push Associated Press Correspondent Don Whitehead on the Taegu front reported night flying U S war planes guided by phosphorous shells hammered at the reds for 4 hours The communists gained two miles before the American 27th wolfhound regiment and South Korean troops stopped them Pre viously General MacArihur had reported these forces had regained all ground lost last week to the reds moving on Taegu AP Correspondent Jack Mac beth on the deep south front said that pilots reported observing a terrific buildup of supplies by the reds 6th division around Chinju Macbeth said it was possible the red 7th infantry division had been rushed to reinforce the 6th for an impending stab at Pusan Another Buildup Macbeth said other pilots re ported a similar buildup in the east where two South Korean di visions pushed northward of the KigyePohang line in a continuing bloody offensive that cost the reds These developments came after weekend amphibious landings of allied South Korean marines on the South Korean coast southeast of Chinu and on Yonghung island southwest of Inchon port for Seoul General MacArthur warned ;