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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 21, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCPARTUCMT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES I NES J A t THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL I Associated Press ud United Press rail LcMri Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 21 Paper Consists X Two NO 113 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary b W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO CUr KUMO HMnibll WSUI lows Clly W01 Amw frtdmj KSCJ Slum City KICO CDeneer Friday Hull Welles and the Argentina Issue IFOR one was sorry a few months ago when our able sec retary of state Cordell Hull and his brilliant assistant Sumner Welles fell out Great had been my admiration for both of them And I still hold both of them in high esteem They had proved a fine team Mr Hull with his seasoned judgment and sound sense Mr Welles with his astute knowledge of the world com munity born oE many years in the realms of foreign affairs For a number of months the rock on which their partnership was sunk remained obscure In recent months however largely by reason Mr Welles news paper and magazine writings the source of the friction between them has been coming to light Their differences largely centered YANKS ON BOTH SIDES OF PARIS B29S STARTED HUGE FIRES IN YAWATA RAIDS 4 Superforts Reported Lost in CoOrdmated Day and Night Attacks Washington bombers in the 2nd wave of Sundays double strike at Japan reported Monday sighting the flames of destruction wrought by the day light flight of Superfortresses while still a halfhour flight from industrial targets at Kyusku Four of the huge bombers wtre reported lost to enemy action in the coordinated day and night attacks by the 20th air force The important Yawata indus trial section was the target of Tanks Cross Seine and Head for Robomb Area about what should be Americas attitude and policy toward the fascist governments of South America particularly Argentina Mr Welles in his general out look proceeded from the premise that it is not properly within United States province to dictate or even influence more than in directly the peoples of other lands in their choice of what kind of government they shall have Mr Hull on the other hand took the position that every na tion should be must be judged by its attitude toward and its co operation or lack of cooperation with the allied nations fiBhtinK to keep free men free Boiled down his position was and is Either youre for us or youre against us Secretary Hull happened to be the head man When it was dis covered that the difference be tween him and his principal as sistant was unreconcilable it was natural and desirable that Mr Welles should step out And thats what he did What lies ahead for him remains to be seen But at the moment hes out writings of late Mr Welles has been highly criti cal of the state departments pol icy of nonrecognition for gov ernments which it does not ap prove More specifically he seems to take the position that there was no basis in sound in ternational relations for with holding recognition from the Far rell regimo in Argentina So far as this particular ar gument is concerned I take my stand with Mr Hull rather than with Mr Welles I feel I feel very that with the world on Jire those nations which fail to join the bucket brigade not to mention those like Argentina which add fuel to the flames are deserving of the sternest possible treatment from our state department N this critical feeling toward Mr both flights Our planes shot down 15 enemy fighters while 13 were probably destroyed and 12 damaged The text of communique No 10 from headquarters of the 20th air force Superfortresses of the 20th bomber command in Sunday iights attack again hit Japanese industrial targets in the Yawata area of the Japanese homeland island of Kyushu following up the daylight attack Crews of the B29s on the night mission reported that they could see fires from the previous attack burning 30 minutes before arriving over the target Bombing results were reported in prelim NAZIS EMBARK ON SEA PRISON through waist high water off the southern coast of France groups of nazi prisoners prepare to board an American LCI for a trip to a prisoner of war camp These Germanswere part of the 7000 captured in the early stages of the new invasion Official S signal corps radiophoto Mason City Woman Killed on Way to Visit Husband Mrs Russeil Enright Dies in Auto Accident Near Sedalia Mo Mrs Russell C Enright nee Georgine Barnett 24 644 S Fed eral was instantly killed in an automobile accident near Sedalia inary estimates as fair Enemy early Sunday morning She opposition was rather light and was on her way to visit ner antiaircraft fire was moderate band Pvt Russeli c Enright who recently been transferred and inaccurate TN HIS Planes making the daylight atI from CampBarkeley Tex to tack met relatively strong fight oReily General hospital Spring opposition and revised esti mates of results show 15 enemy fighter planes destroyed 13 prob field Mo Details of the accident were not available here Monday The Japs Admit Some Damage Is Caused By WALTER RUNDLE Welles Im not forgetting the I important role played by him in the deveiopment of our hemi spheric good neighbor program during the past dozen years In my visit to South America 3 years ago 1 discovered that Mr Welles popularity among the Latins was exceeded by only 2 his 2 bosses Franklin D Roose velt and Secretary Hull As our country moved into that good neighbor program we were confronted with a choice expres sible in these 2 questions Shall we make our bid for the friend ship with the masses of the people or shall we try for popularity with the governments irrespec tive of what kind they are The choice made and Im strongly under the impression that Sumner Welles helped make that our good neighbor ship play should be primarily to the people secondarily o the gov then only when the particular government with which we were dealing seemed to merit our blessing IT should be understood of course 1 that there isnt in all of South America today a true representa tive democracy By that I mean our kind of democracy There never has been one and there nev er will be one so long as only 1 out of 4 or 1 out 5 can read anc write That just isnt the kind climate in which a true represen tative demoracy can be nurtured Theyre republics but not demo cracies Generally then are only 1 or 2 individual ot that group whicl controls the army in a South American nation controls the gov ernment It would be my gues that the honest and hpnestto goodness elections held in Scat America since the days of Piz zaro could be oonnted on th fingers of one hand Frandnlen elections are the almost nniversa rule Usually any similarity betwee government and government pol Continued en Fate Z rangements are incomplete Mrs Enright was born Feb 22 1920 at Marquette the daughter of Mr and Mrs John Barnett She is survived by 2 children Pat rick William 5 and Carrol 4 in addition to her husband and Secret B29 Base Western I parents One sister preceded her China Americas mighty in death She was a member of B29 Superfortresses smashed the St Josephs Catholic church Japanese steel center of Yawata twice with the heaviest bombload ever concentrated on a single tar get in Asiatic warfare Sunday It was the first roundtheclock at tack on the enemys homeland Striking in daylight and again at night the hnge bombers from western China bases hurled many tons of high explosives into YaI watas sprawling works o turn the Pittsburgh of the Far East into a mass of flames The first raid was the first day light attack on Japan since Lt Gen Jimmy Doolittles raiders hit Tokyo It and the following raid were the 4th and 5th B29 assault SINK 19 MORE NIPPON SHIPS U S Submarine Bag Includes Light Cruiser Washington sub marines in the Pacific and far east lave sunk 19 more Japanese ships ncluding a light cruiser and an escort vessel the navy reported Monday bringing to 70G the total ALLIES FANNING OUT HEAD FOR RHONE VALLEY Toulon Virtually Is Encircled Press Against Marseille BULLETIN Rome American forces have captured Valensole 50 air miles north of Toulon The U S seventh army has entered Toulon Forward elements are 9 miles from Marseille On the coast east of Toulon the French captured the enemy stronghold of Red on and Hotel de Golf a mile Hyeres BULLETIN Patton Force Inflicts Toll of 109575 With the U S 3rd Army in France Gen Pattons U S 3rd army has inflicted 109575 casualties on the Germans since Aug 1 in his dash across Brittany and northern France to the out skirts of Paris The 3rd army has captured 49 850 killed 11025 and wounded an estimated 48900 The losses constitute a total of about 11 nazi divisions in their present de pleted state Information was lacking Mon day on most of Pattons columns probing through France like the arms of an octopus Refugees slipping from Paris re ported street fighting of increas ing violence between French re sistance forces and the Germans inside the capital of enemy marines vessels sunk by sub HAILS VICTORY IN NW FRANCE Monty Lets Finish Nazis in Record Time By VIRGIL PINKLEY Supreme Headquarters AEF battle of northwestern France has ended in complete and decisive victory for the allies and imperial communiI the end of the European war is in que broadcast by Tokyo radio SISnt GenSir Bernard L Motlt and heard by United Press at San gomery declared Monday as allied Francisco admitted that some armies laid siege to Pans from 3 damage was done to our side It Sldes breached the Seine river said the 2 forces comprised a total of 80 Superfortresses which at tacked Kyushu southernmost of on the Japanese homeland in scarcely 2 months dy to finish off the survivors of MRS RUSSELL ENRIGHT Editor Hall Has Arrived in England W Earl Hall GlobeGazette managing editor has arrived safely somewhere in England by airplane according to a cable re ceived by his family in Mason City Saturday evening Monday morning the GlobeGa zette was notified by David Daiches of he British embassy of Mr Halls arrival Editor Hall left Mason City last Monday evening for Washington where he completed his arrange ments for departure by plane lie went as a guest ot Brendan Brack en British minister of information He is expected to stay in the British isle at least 6 weeks Whether he will get over to the fighting front in France remained Making its first report on United States submarine activities in 11 days the navy said these vessels had been sunk One light cruiser 1 escort ves sel 1 large tanker 3 medium cargo transnortsltUaediVirncargo ves sels and 2 small cargo vessels The total of combatant ships sunk by submarines rose to 56 while 11 others have been re ported probably sunk and 14 dam aged American underwater craft have sunk 650 noncombatant ships probably sunk 26 and damaged 101 bringing to 808 the total of Japanese vessels of all kinds sunk probably sunk or damaged since Pearl Harbor by our sub marines London German radio said Monday night hat the allies were converging on the big south France naval base of Toulon from 3 sides and that fighting is going on close to the fortifications of the city Rome driving French troops virtually encircled Toulon breaking through to within 3 miles of the naval base while American infantry 15 airline miles of Marseille fanned out Monday through the Durance valley and headed for the Rhone against dis organized enemy resistance The Americans sped forward on both sides of the town of Pertuls 11 miles north of AlxEnProvence across the Durance river and Join ed French patriots who had sur rounded nazi troops within the town Another 25000 CAPTURED IN NORMANDY BULGE On the British Front in France estimated 25000 German prisoners had been captured in the Normandy bulge battle around he FalaiseArgentan gap by p m Monday night The destruction of Von Kluges German 7th army was accelerated Monday as allied can British and east toward the Seine on a wide front Lt Gen Sir Miles C Dcmp seys British 2nd army alone took 2000 more prisoners up to noon Monday boosting its total to 10 000 in the pocket NAZIS FIERCELY TRY TO BREAK FROM 2 TRAPS American Vanguards Reported Fighting in Vicinity of Versailles Supreme Headquarters AEF tanks had thrust into sectors on opposite sides of Paris Monday The Americans bad eitablished a firm bridgehead across the Seine at Mantes 25 miles northwest of the capital where they threatened to sweep toward the rocket coaat But they were meeting heavy re sistance in that direction Tanks had probed as far as Mclun and Fontainebleau on a 20 niile front 15 to 35 miles southeast of Paris where they were pointing toward the World war battlefields of Soissons Reims and the Marne northeast of Paris They were fighting in the vi cinity of Versailles the western suburb of Paris and were meeting only negligible resistance while travelers from the capital itself of Major Gen Alex Japans home islands and the Choguku district site of a large naval base in eastern Honshu Tokyo claimed 25 American planes were shot down and 20 merican airmen were captured tier they landed in While the main force of the uperfortresses sent out by the Oth bomber command Sunday vere concentrated on Yawata ther B29s struck into China to ash Lao Yao terminal for the railroad and important hipping center 135 miles north of hanghai and Kaifeng vital rail unction on the PekingHankow hai railways in Honan prov nce In aiming at the heart of Japan var production at Yawata trong formation of Superfort resses delivered the daylight at tack from a clear sunfilled sky and left fires that were still burn ag when the second formation came over at night Japanese fighter planes which avoided the B29s ill previous raids came up in swarms while ground defenders threw up a bar rage of antiaircraft fire described as the heaviest ever seen in thi theater Although the raid was costly t the 20th bomber command the re suits indicated it was even costlic to the Japanese who were feelin the 2 previous attacks on Yawata which produces 23 per cent o Japans steel output During the daylight assault 1 Japanese fighter planes were sho down 12 others probably de stroyed and 10 damaged by Super fortress gunners Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Burglar Takes Snooze Is Caught by Police Indianapolis burglar apparently not satisfied with his loot decided to steal a and that was his undoing Police answering an alarm from a jewelry and loan firm thought it was false until they spied the in truder snoring away behind a pockets bulging with S300 worth of valuable the routed nazi 7th army The Lord mighty in battles as given us the victory IHont omery said in a stirring order of he day to the combined British merican and Canadian armies nder his overall ground com mand The news is very good from the var fronts all over the world The nd of the war is in sight Lets inish off the business in record me Montgomery said the past 10 ays have seen the elimination of he German army south of the Seine as an effective fighting orce and that terrific destruc ion of nazi men and armor still s going on in the bypassed Nor mandy pocket The victory has been definite complete and decisive he said asserting that the allied triumph marked the beginning of the end of German military domination in all France Having brought disaster to the xerman forces in northwest France we must now complete the destruction of such of his forces as arc still available to be destroyed After knowing what has hap pened to their armies in northwest France it is unlikely that these forces will come to us so we will go to them Montgomerys order declared problematic at the time of his de purture His stories about the journey will soon be appearing in the columns of the GlobeGazette Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 20000 Attend Iowa Picnic at Long Beach Long Beach Cal IP Some 20000 persons attended the 13th annual midsummer picnic of the Iowa Association of Southern Cal ifornia Sunday At the gathering Mr and Mrs N A Donaldson formerly of Indianola were in stalled as president and vice ander M Patchs American col umns charged on several miles to the northeast of Aix key junction ot 7 highways 15 miles north of Marseille Another unit was last reported in the outskirts of Aix and Monday possibly had com pleted occupation of that town The German radio said allied warships shelled Toulon Sunday It claimed hits on one ot several battleships and one of 9 cruisers in the attacking fleet by nazi shore batteries which it was claimed also struck a destroyer and tor pedo A dispatch from Joseph Dynan Associated Press correspondent with French troops driving on Toulon said French commandos joined with patriot forces and for mer members of the French navy were dominating the Faron area just north of Toulon The nazi garrison in Hyeres about 8i miles east of Toulon was virtually isolated Dynan said The Germans have given no in dication of strength or determina tion make a real stand in or near the mouth of the Rhone valley the natural invasion highway for a juncture with Gen Eisenhower in northern France Churchill Personally Shot American Gun at Nazis North of Pisa Rome Minister Churchill personally shot a big American gun at 2 German can non positions north of Pisa it was disclosed Monday After he pulled the lanyard the shell fell 200 yards short of the target A gunnery officer correct ed the elevation and 2 rounds later both enemy guns were de stroyed An artillery spotter fly ing overhead reported fires and explosions at both gunpits Churchills very personal par ticipation in the war occurred dur ing a recent visit to the 5th army front told of a rising wave of violence in which French underground forces fought fiercely with the Germans Allied flags were reported al ready flying over parts of the capital as the resistance forces an ticipated the hour of liberation Resistance was fed by allied air forces Hundreds ot American and RAF heavy bombers on MVefn occasions have droppedffx G2t loads of arms to resistance forces it was announced At least 10000 men from the combat elements of possibly 18 enemy divisions were caught in a succession of pockets west and east of Falaise and the total bag of German killed and captured was likely to total to the number captured in the Co tentin peninsula While the Germans made wild efforts to break out of the original pocket now reduced to an area about 6 by 10 miles British and Americans were cutting it to pieces Occagnes Sentilly Bailleul and Goulet all about 3 miles north of president respectively of Iowa Golden Wedding club the Allies Are Within 12 Miles of Italian Port of Pesaro Gothic Line Rome forces on the Adriatic have advanced 7 miles to within 12 miles of the Italian port of Pesaro where eastern outposts of the Germans transpeninsular Gothic line are reputed to begin Argentan were captured in these slashes The Canadians were busily en gaged in punching a hole in the Seine corner to the east where new pockets might be carved out They crossed the Touqucs river in n 2 mile advance just south of Lisieux Madly charging into the allied bands of steel the Germans made 2 violent efforts to break out o these traps one Sunday night and the other Sunday field dispatches reported Using about 70 tanks scraped up from the elements of 5 di visions the Germans attacked nulled their de from the westernmost pocket be puhedthu c I liquidation of the entire area and FAMILY IS RESCUED Fort Dodge Kear ney awakening to find flames shooting up the stairway of his home near here slid down a drain pipe obtained a ladder and got his wife and 5 children safely out of the building before it was de stroyed by fire Gen Alexanders headquarters an Sunday night with the result still Disorganization among the Ger in the advance the Poles obscure Monday mans indicated the nazi command I Ccrasa Farther east below Chambois might be resigned to eventual of Florence the Germans Rocketspitting typhoons and shelled 8th army positions south Canadian troops broke up an at of the Arno river Conditions withtack by 30 tanks attempting to in Florence were reported some1 force a way out of the 2nd trap what quieter Food and other proSunday visions poured in for the citizens Thirtythree tanks were report ed destroyed hi the 2 sisWde lunges Gunners poured fire over open sights into the pockets Field guns antitank guns and even antiaircraft guns blasted shells can hope to salvage only a por tion of its beleaguered units The eastern sector of the bridge head facing toward Cannes and the Italian frontier was reported mostly stable without reference to new gains In most sectors of the rapidly expanding southern France bridge head the 7th army followed the effective tactic of bypassing en emy strongpoinls priRppiCT The count of prisoners passed the 14000 mark and more were Mason City Partly cloudy Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy and into milling masses of Germans A British staff officer was quoted as saying of the night breakout attempt we do not coming in hourly Among the newest captives were Maj Gen Hans Schubert and his entire staff of 6 officers 30 men Schubert chief night I know yet how many Germans got out but we know they suffered I Minnesota Fair ralher cool Tuesday AMERICANS CROSS forces reached the Seine river between Vernon and Mantes A crossing was made under cover of airborne troops and there was fighting across the river Canadians moved ahead east of Caen The pocket south of Falaise was closed Arrows indicate directions of drives as an ardent nazi Until June he was chief administrative officer for southwestFrance with head quarters at Toulouse and had es tablished a reputation for ex treme cruelty Gen Patchs head quarters said French troops captured Le GlobeGazette weather vest 3 miles directly north of Maximum Sunday Toulon and the adjacent height of Monte Caume They threatened to cut Highway of the ene mys major escape routes The Americans in a remark able demonstration of mobility advanced 15 miles from Rians and linked up with the French pa triots surrounding the enemy gar rison in Pertuis a town 5000 which is 26 miles north of Mar seille By Sunday afternoon Gen Patchs speeding columns were less than 40 miles from Avignon and the Rhone river continued cool Monday and Tuesday Partly cloudy Monday and I More than 7500 trapped Ger Monday night fair Tuesday mans were captured scattered light showers extreme 12200 on the British front alone Supreme headquarters officially announced the capture of Argen tan on the southern edge the south portion Monday forenoon continued cool and continued nowcloscd cscape gap ot the orig Monday night Normandy pocket IN MASON CITY statistics 80 Minimum Sunday night 59 At 8 a m Monday 62 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 57 Precipitation 03 Maximum Saturday 80 Minimum Saturday night 61 At 8 a m Sunday 62 1 YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 57 I Precipitation 06 On the left flank ot the allied offensive which is forcing Field Marshal Gen Guenther Von 1 Kluges forces back upon the Seine British troops pushing along I the coast toward Trouville and Le Havre drove deeper into Cabourgs outskirts Cabourg is about 25 miles from the mouth of the Seine Farther inland British troops ot the Canadian 1st army thrust to within 3 miles of the commnnica tions hub of Llsienx front dis patch said The gigantic allied drive to en velop von Kluges crushed was hemming the battered Ger man columns into a 75 mile 1 area between Vernon on the ;