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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 20, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME BEZANTMENT9F ARCH I VET sea IA v HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS One No 287 VOL LID AmodattA Pros United Ften Full Lenwd Flvi Cent a Copjl MASON CIOT IOWA WEDNESDAY AUGUST 20 This Paper Conriita of Two SecUomStctioo One COOL AIR FRONT SHIFTS DIRECTION PUSH WESTERN DEFENSE PACT AT CONFERENCE InterAmerican Confab Is Asked to Postpone Economic Problems Petropolis of State George C Marshall Wed nesday called upon the inter American defense conference to demonstrate that unity can be at tained in a sick and suffering world In an address before a plenary session of the 20nation meeting Marshall also urged the delegates to reject any encroachment on the rights of individuals and states in this hemisphere Marshall made it clear that the conference in his opinion should confine itself to drafting a mu tual defense treaty for the hemi sphere It should postpone consid eration of interAmerican eco nomic problems until a 2nd con ference to be held at Bogota early next year Cubahas been press ing for conference consideration of economic as well as military aggression The immediate task we face at this conference is to draft the treaty contemplated in the act of Chapultepec Marshall said In that act we jointly declared that every act by a state against an American state shall be considered as an act of aggression against all and we provided for collective sanction against the aggressor The American secretary of state said the broad objectives of the present conference require that the exact procedures of pa cific settlement of interAmerican disputes be simplified At Bogota in January he said the foreign ministers would formulate an other treaty todo that Enunciation of T7 S views by Marshall Wednesday tlie pace of the conference which got underway Monday and many delegates began to press for a Sept 1 fdjournment despite Bra zilian efforts to hold the confer ence until Brazilian independence day Sept 7 Some sources expected Presi dent Truman might close the con ference after his arrival Sept 4 but many delegates were anxious to get away by the first of the month especially in view of the fact that some of them were slated to attend the United Nations as sembly meeting in New York next month The Cuban delegate Guillermo Belt declared that if the confer ence continued past Sept 1 he would not be present to sign the defense treaty He said he under stood Marshall also had made commitments to leave about the first of the month The principal questions which might block early agreement ap peared to be these 1 Cubans demand for clauses barring economic aggression 2 The dominican republics proposal to invoke the treaty in cases where a country allows for eign or national elements to pre pare or launch an attack on an other country The Dominican republic has charged that an in ternational brigade is forming in Cuba for an invasion of the Do minican republic Cuba denies it 3 Venezuelas proposal to pro vide separate definitions of ag gression from within and with out the hemisphere 4 Argentinas request for in formal meetings and limited of committees which led to the conferences first pro cedural dispute As many as 3000 mosquitoes have been found in the crop of one nighthawk AP Wirepboto WALKS 485 MILES IN THIS for a va cation walk despite the sizzling heat wave Jesse F Hyde 56 arrived in Columbus Ohio Tuesday night just 10 days and 500 miles after leaving his home in Binghamtonj N Y He rode with motorists 15 miles Hyde who has been walking as a hobby for 18 years shows his nephew Jack Libertore of Columbus how he wears 3 pairs of socks to protect his feet FORECAST Mason City Continued fair warm and humid Thursday Low Wednesday night near 74 and high Thursday near 98 Iowa Fair warm and humid south Partly cloudy north por tion Wednesday night and Thursday with a few widely scattered thundershowers north ern third of state Low Wednes day night 68 north and 74 south High Thursday 8590 north and 98 south Minnesota Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers Wed nesday night and south and east portipns Thursday Cooler north Wednesday night cooler Thurs day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 94 Minimum 70 At 8 a m Wednesday 77 YEAR AGO Maximum 72 Minimum 50 Blue Discloses Friction in Iowa Conservation Agency Denies Split Between Governor and Members of State Department DCS Moines fric tion among certain staff members of the Iowa conservation depart ment who are trying to advance their own divisions but none be tween the governor and members of the commission Gov Robert D Blue said Tuesday The governor gave that explan ation to the press after a 3hour session with commission members in his office The meeting was called Gover nor Blue said to outline various conservation matters which he thought should be considered During the discussions the matter of departmental friction arose I told the commission I had heard rumors and intimations aboutthe situation the governor said The commission replied it had been aware that there was some friction They were in accord with me that the matter should be studied and any causes of friction should be eliminated Politics is detrimental to the department No specific conclusions were reached but members of the commission are aware of the situation No staff members were named and no background was discussed except that officials agreed the friction probably involved ambi tions of staff members to get ahead Governor Blue announced the resignation of L Guy Young of Bedford whom he appointed to the commission during the 1947 legislative session Youngs letter said he was forced to resign be cause he had accepted a commis sion in the army The governor said he had asked the commission to consider sur veying Iowa sportsmen to see what sports they thought should be emphasized most since the re cent increase in cost of fishing and hunting licenses He said he also asked them to consider the rough fish problem and current trapping regulations The governor said he felt some ihing should be done to make iur trapping pay its own way and said that commercial rappers pay he state not more than annually in license fees yet do a jusiness of between and in sale of pelts Concerning rough fish which are considered undesirable the governor said We have a feeling that those persons who seine rough fish and turn over 20 per cent of the sale value to the gill netters be more interested in per petuating their jobs than in get ting rid of the fish and if this is so we should know about it Bombay Bomb Injures 31 Bombay per sons were injured Wednesday 4 seriously when a bomb exploded in a crowded Moslem area The bomb police said was thrown from a truck driven by a person dressed as a Sikh HEIRESS TO TELL COMPLETE STORY Will Refute Charge of Connection With Deaths Santa Ana Cal Overalls chief counsel announced Wednesday that she would take the stand in her murder trial and tell her complete story which willrefute the prosecutions charge that she had anything at all to do with her parents death The girls co defendant to charges that they murdered Fin ancier and Mrs Walter E Over ell George Gollum also will take the stand his attorneys an nounced Jacobs statement made to re porters was interpreted as an ad mission that Superior Judge Ken neth E Morrison will rule against his motion scheduled for Thurs day to dismiss the charges against Louise on the ground that she had not been linked with the double yacht deaths This followed thejudges re fusal Wednesday to strike from the prosecutions case testimony by a powder magazine operator that Gollum and a girl he identi fied tentatively as Louise pur chased dynamite shortly before a blast blew the Overell yacht apart British Drought Threatens Crops London UR F o o ds c a r c e Great Britain faced a drought Wednesday which threatened her crops Some parts of the country have gone 15 days without rain which is considered a drought Most of the rest of the country will enter the official drought period at mid night Wednesday if rain does not fall Hull and East Riding were faced with a milk shortage because of dry pastures There was no in dication yet however that water supplies were critically low GM to Close Ponbac and Chevrolet Plants Detroit Motors corporation announced Wednesday lhat because of a steel shortage it vill close its Chevrolet and Pontiac plants in this country during the last week in August or the first week in September Myron Taylor in Paris Paris C Taylor President Trumans personal en roy to the Vatican arrived Mon day by air from London enroute to Rome NAZI DOCTOR 6 OTHERSTOHANG FOR WAR CRIME Hitlers Physician Gets Gallows Sentence for Medical Experiments Nuernberg Germany Adolf Hitters personal physician and 6 other Germans convicted of using nazi concentration camp in mates as guinea pigs in inhuman experi ments were sentenced by an American war crimes court Wednesday to die on the gallows Five other men convicted Tues day on the same charges were sen tenced to spend the rest of their lives in prison while 4 persons in cluding the lone woman to face the accusations received lighter prison terms ranging from 10 to 20 years The woman Herta Ober hauser got 20 years for her work at Ravensbruck where thousands of women inmates perished Seven doctors who faced the court during the 132day trial were acquitted Hitlers doctor Karl Brandt an SS general and chief of the reichs medical branch was found guilty of conducting high altitude and freezing experiments on prisoners as well as carrying on malaria mustard gas and sterilization tests which brought death to countless victims The convicted defendants were brought intone by one Wednesday morning to hear their fate pro nounced by Judge Walter Beals of Olympia Wash head of the tri bunal which heard the case In addition to Brandt others sentenced to be hung were Karl Gebhardt SS general president of the German Red Cross and personal physician to Heinrich Himmler Joachim Mur gowsky chief hygienist of the SS medical corps and an SS colonel Wolfram Sievers SS colonel and director of military research in stitute Victor SS colonel and chief administrative officer under Martin Borman Waldemar Hove chief medical officer at Buchen wald Algona Girl Rescued From Okoboji Lake Arnolds Park Hoff man 18 of Algona and Jean Wil son 18 of Des Moines were res cued from the middle of West Okoboji lake Tuesday after they had been thrown from their cruiser when it struck a wave The girls both of whom could swim managed to keep afloat until help came They were in constant danger of being hit by their wild boat which kept cir cling around them Henry Ogram of Omaha was able to get within the circle being made by the wild boat and got both girls into his boat Two other craft participated in the rescue BRITISH HOLD CRISIS MEETING Urgency Is Indication of Emergency Measures London UR British cabinet members broke off their vacations again Wednesdaly for their 3rd crisis meeting in 4 days one whose urgency indicated emergency measures relative to the nations economic plight were being con sidered The cabinet meeting was called less than 24 hours after the sur prise postponement of Anglo American talks on revision of the U S loan agreement No clue was forthcoming at once as to the nature of any meas ures the government might have in mind It was assumed they had to do with approaching tion of the American loan Iowa Fisherman Gets the Bird Webster City Sam Shaeffernot only got the bird he gave it a free ride and almost drowned it Fishing for carp along the Boone river south of Webster City Shaeffer placed a bit of doughball on his line and got set to toss it into the stream Meanwhile a chicken approached him from behind and took a peck at the dough Shaeffers hook caught in the chickens bill and the fowl sailed over his head and into the river He pulled the wet fowl out and freed it apparently little harmed by the experience Inspector General Arrives in Italy to Probe Lees Command Turns Down Suggestion to Make Investigation Open to American Press Leghorn Italy Gen Ira T Wyche inspector general of the U S army arrived Wed nesday to investigate charges pub lished in some newspapers of abuses in Lt Gen John C H Lees Mediterranean theater of operations command Wyche sent here by Gen Dwight Eisenhower U S chief of staff said the inquiry would be without favor or partiality The general flew here from Frankfort Germany in a C47 A Frankfurt dispatch said the plane was sent by Gen Lee from Italy to meet him Army sources said Wyche had sought unsuccessfully to get in touch with Robert C Ruark Scripps Howard staff writer whose series of articles on the Lee command prompted Lee to ask for a war department investigation U S army public relations of ficials in Germany said Ruark was believed to be now in Paris Wyche wartime commander of the 79th division who took over as the armys top investigator in January turned down Lees sug at the instance of correspondents the various steps in the Investigation be open to the press I have told Gen Wyche Lee said to the correspondents that I have nothing to hide and that it will help the morale of my command if it the investigation is known to the press I am on the confidential staff of the secretary of war Wyche said and our investigations are confidential Only by the spe cific authority of the secretary of war can they be made public Wyche then told the correspond ents whom Lee invited to Leg horn last week to conduct investi gations of their own he might want to ask them to tell him con fidentially what they had found in their 3 days here RAINMAKERS Peoria 111 Peorians took up Mark Twains challenge Tuesday and did something about the weather William Kraft a former navy pilot and his brother Jack shov eled a load of dry ice from their airplane into a cumulus cloud A few minutes later rain pelted the scorched dry streets of Peoria The Krafts sighted a cloud over Metarnora near here and climbed to from 18000 to 20000 feet They poured the dry ice into the cloud through the planes camera hatch Meteorologist Wayne A Mc Daniel announced he was not a party to the experiment and stood by his forecast of continued hot and humid weather Report Senator Bilbos Condition Is Better New Orleans ailing Sen Theodore G Bilbo was re ported resting comfortably Wed nesday His condition however was still critical at Foundation hospital The 69 year old Mississippi sen ator who underwent a series of operations to remove portions of a cancerous jaw took nourishment Tuesday night and appeared much recovered after an earlier statement that Bilbo was weaker LongTime Doctor Dies Greenfield County Coroner Edna K Sexsmith died Tuesday and funeral services were set for p m Friday Dr Sexsmith had been a practic ing physician 69 years Inside For SPEAKER MARTIN Says He Is Not Looking for Place on GOP Ticket See page 2 Specialist in Music Will Join ISCStaff v See page 16 Bears Get Ready for AllStar Grid Clash See page 13 Expect Junior College Record Enrollment See page 15 LIE SAYS BALKAN PROBE NOT DEAD States Russian Veto Didnt Kill Commission Lake Success N Y ed N a t i ons SecretaryGeneral Trygve Lie sided with the west ern powers against Russia Wed nesday in an important feature of the stalemated Balkans dispute The UN chief expressed the opinion that Russias double veto in the UN Security Council Tues day night did not kill automatic ally the temporary UN subcom mission now patrolling the north ern frontiers of Greece Lie said failure of the western powers and Russia to agree on any Security Council action in the Balkans dispute certainly had not helped the UNs prestige but he told a news conference that it hadnt made the situation of world affairs any more serious than last year Lies ruling on the status of the temporary Balkans subcomrmssion was certain to draw protests from Soviet delegate Andrei Gromyko who served notice after his twin veto last night that Russia now considers the group nonexist ent Lies endorsement of the United States and British view in this matter was disclosed as American officials began preparations for passing the Balkans problem to the 55 united nations at the forth coming session of the general as sembly Fishing Comes First Bangor Maine sign in a Bangor store reads This store will be closed as long as the fish ing is good Girl Imprisoned in Attic During Heat Wove Cleveland parents of a 9yearold girl were accused by police Wednesday of keeping the child a virtual prisoner in a hot unfinished attic during the current blistering heat wave The couple Kirby Breese 32 and his wife Anna 22 were ar rested Tuesday after neighbors complained that the girl Jacque line was being mistreated Policewoman Mildred Wilcox said she would charge the 2 Wed nesday with neglecting a minor child The child apparently was hardly ever allowed out of the attic unless neighbors came and asked if she could go to the store with them the policewomansaid Last July policewomen warned them about keeping Jacqueline there The policewoman said the childs bed was in the attic but otherwise it was unfurnished The temperature in the garret Tues day must have been close to 120 she said She hadnt been fed anything Tuesday Mrs Wilcox declared Welts were on her face and you could see the imprint of a wom ans wedding ring The policewoman said the child was standing with her face to the wall in the kitchen appar ently in punishment for looking out the attic window The only reason advanced by Mrs Breese for keeping her in the attic Mrs Wilcox said was that she wet the bed SGIsHeldin North Korea by Russians Seoul U S army enlisted men have been held by the Russians in northern Korea since Aug 12 despite official army protests army intelligence offi cers disclosed Wednesday They said the Russians have refused an explanation and have ignored 2 protests from Lt Gen John R Hodge U S commander in south Korea demanding their release Intelligence officers said the 3 whose names are withheld pend ing notification of kin went to the Russianoccupied town of YohyonNi to inspect the tele phone lines connecting American headquarters here with Russian headquarters at Pyongyang Late in the afternoon of Aug 12 Korean police notified Ameri can headquarters at Kaesong that the Russians had taken the 3 into custody and wanted one U S of ficer and an interpreter to come to YohyonNi 10 miles north of Kaesong to pick them up Kaesong is about 40 miles northwest of Seoul Intelligence sources said when the officer and interpreter ar rived the Russian officer at Yoh yonNi told them soviet head quarters Had ordered the 3 held for investigation In a letter telephoned to Rus sian headquarters on Aug 13 Hodge asked Lt Gen C P Kor otkov soviet commander in north ern Korea to return the 3 intelli gence officers related This letter was ignored as was another message 5 days later in which Hodge expressed grave concern over the incident and added I strongly object to the prolonged detention of the 3 American soldiers who crossed the parallel the 38th boundary line between the zones in day light and in uniform The war department in Wash ington said ithad been notified by General Hodge of the incident but Hodge did not ask that any fqrmal action be taken In the absence of any such request department offi cials said they assumed Hodge preferred to handle the matter himself The state department had v no comment referring to inquiries to the war department Man Faces Ouster From Home Because of Raise in Wages Washington UP Russell Crockett begged his boss not to give him that pay raise hes entitled to The 32 year old postoMce em ploye who has a wife and 8 chil dren explained that hes now making If he earns any more hell have to get out of his government housing project which is restricted to lowincome fam ilies After thinking it over Assistant District Postal Superintendent C D Wilson said Wednesday he was sorry but Crockett would have to take the raise that was coming to him Otherwise he said the post office department might be held liable for violating a law which provides for automatic pay in creases 2 Iowa Men Killed in Automobile Accident Marengo Schumacher 57 of Marengo and his sonin law William Papesh 34 of Belle Plaine were killed Tuesday night in an automobile accident four miles west of here on Highway 212 Mrs Papesh was critically in jured Witnesses said the eastbound Papesh car had turned out to pass another vehicle swerved off the road and rolled across a small stream The car was demolished Sioux Rapids Man Dies in Iowa Auto Accident Sioux Rapids Peter son 35 of Sioux Rapids a World war II veteran died of a broken neck Tuesday night a few miriutes after his car ran off an embank ment Peterson failed to make a turn and the car plunged into an 8foot ditch off Highway 71 at the edge of town Sheriff C R Gaffin said SAME BUck fl muni mlfli anth U put NORTH IOWANS TO CATCH EDGE OFTRICKYMASS Rest of State to Miss Cold Breather Humid Weather to Continue A mass of nice cool air played several million sweltering Ameri cans a dirty trick Wednesday The cool air front which mid westerners were counting on for relief from heat waye tempera tures has changed direction and will cool only the northernmost sections of the country as it moves eastward The cool air will touch Minne sota Thursday and most of Wis consin extreme northern Illinois the northern 3rd of Iowa and Michigan Friday the Chicago weather bureau said but it is moving slowly directly eastward with the center of the cool mass traveling north of the Canadian border The remainder of the midwest will have to wait for another cold air push from Canada before it 92 in Mason City The weather staged a repeat performance in Mason City Wednesday despite the forecast for relief andsat p m the temperature again reached 92 degrees just as it had on Tues day The high Tuesday was 94 and every indication was that Wednesdays high would be in that same neighborhood The low Wednesday morning was 70 degrees cools off and the weather bureau said no such push was in sight through Saturday anyway Southern Illinois Indiana Mis souri and most of Iowa can look for no Saturday and beyond that its still ques tionable when it will come a forecaster said Even the slight relief still promised extreme northern Illi nois and northern Iowa will come mostly from light easterly winds and scattered thundershowers not from the more considerable cool ing offered by the cold air front Iowa is going to stay fair warm and humid in most sections An anticipated change in the weather isnt going to materialize Thursday Itll be only a little cooler in the northern 3rd of the state Wednesday night and Thurs day with the high mark approach ing 90 degrees A high of 100 was forecast for Iowa Wednesday and the top Thursday is expected to be 98 in the south A few widely scattered thundershowers were forecast in thenorth The weather bureau said a mass of cool air approaching Iowa is moving so slowly that we just arent going to get much from it High reading in the state Tues day was 99 at Fort Dodge Cedar Rapids Burlington and Oska loosa Low for the night was 67 atEstherville There was scant precipitation Decorah reported 31 of inch and Sioux City had 20 Spencer 09 and Estherville 04 The cool air mass will move slowly eastward the weather bur eau said reinforcing cooler weather now present over New England and the New York City area While the cool front dragged eastward into western North Da kota northwestern South Dakota and northern Wyoming Wednes day virtually all the rest of the nation from the eastern seaboard to the Rockies continued to swelter x Minnesota was expected to feel the effects of the cooler air late Wednesday but it would not reach Wisconsin and northern Il linois until Thursday the fore caster said The entire nation with the ex ception of the west coast and the extreme northern states sweltered Tuesday in steaming heat Yuma and Phoenix in Arizona were the hottest points in the na tion each with 107 Phillipsburg Kan had 102 Lincoln Neb and Rockford 111 100 Chicago Kan sas City Mo and Cleveland Ohio 99 St Louis Mo and Little Rock Ark 98 New York 92 and Bos ton and Washington 90 At Detroit almost 28000 auto workers were idled in strikes or layoffs resulting from the 95 de gree temperature Chrysler cor poration was hardest hit with more than 22000 employes off the job General Motors sent home 1500 workers and the Briggs Manufacturing Co laid off 4500 Sweating truck drivers at Chi cago muttered under their breaths about city efficiency as they un loaded three heavy snow loaders in the 99degree heat The load ers will be attached to street clean ing trucks next winter ;