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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL LI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires five Cents a Copy One Mans Opinion A Kadio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KCLO Mtjon City Sundjy 5 p m WOl Ames Tuesday p m TVSUI Iowa City Wednesday p m WTAD qulney 111 Fllday p ra K8CJ Sioux f m Meaning of Potsdam Comes Into Focus WITH the passing of the weeks 1 after and their momentous develop tho phlhPPlnf was a cap meats in the Pacific theater the for 3 years and 3 monns iull significance of the agreement reached by the Big 3 at Potsdam former home of Germanys kai sers comes more clearly into view More easily than at first we are able to determine what that agreement is and just as impor tant we are able to determine what it is not The one thingmost obvious is that Potsdam does not contain all the answers to the questions grow insr out of allied victory in the war against nazi Germany It doesnt even contain the answers to MOST of those questions In no sense is Potsdam a guarantee of lasting peace a statementthat can be made with equal pertinence about the San Francisco charter Some are saying that instead of sowing the seeds of peace the agreement reached at Potsdam is a sure invitation to war I dont share that view but Im willing to listen to the arguments WHAT Potsdam does in its broad implications is this It divides the world into 2 great spheres of influence One of these is to be dominated by Russia the other by the United States and Great Britain especially the United States By the course of action decided upon at Potsdam Germany is in practical effect wiped off the face of the earth as a major power In the past Europe has rested on the scales of a delicately attuned bal a nee of Germany and Russia with Great Britain applying the adjustment weights That overall setup is now out the at least the process of being tossed out the Ji Russia is destined to run fj the show in the future GERMANY is to be reduced to an agrariannation stripped of its choicest farm land and of its heavy industries the land that lend themselves to warmaking France comes out of Potsdam ostensibly with major nation di mensions but in the practical working out of things she seems destined to fall into either the British or the Russian orbit more likely the latter Poland comes out of Potsdam with not only a new face bnt a new role in the European scene To compensate for the sizable amount of land east of the Curzon line which she must give up to Russia Poland is given an even larger sliceof territory from what has been eastern Germany In agricultural assets and in indus trial potential the newly acquired Polish territory surpasses by far the land which she is being called upon to relinquish to Russia It sounds like a good deal But theres u catch in it pOLAND continues to be a buf fer nation But the purpose of her buffer role is materially al tered In the past she has pro vided protection to western Eu rope against the Russian bear In the future shell provide protec will be more than just friendly and operated by a network of from a central control in Moscow Poland continues to be a synthetic state of course that Russia gets back iTo Viiro Af t n i jit war plants as the ordnance pla Burlinton which historically she lays claim Its true that she gets another chunk of land and a great city Koenigsburg in East Prussia there is a clearcut outline of Rus sias position of expanded power and influence in the European continent No decision was reached on matters so important as the fu ture of Hungary Austria Bul garia Romania and JugoSlavia The Italian peace treaty was left in abeyance awaiting action by the newly created council of for eign ministers representing the 5 principal powers Wasnt action taken there is a certain measure of speculation about this its my judgment that decision on these things was delayed for just one reason namely that Britain and to accept the Russian view little nations Ive named Continued on Page 2 plus MASOV CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 20 1945 This Paper Consists of Two This Paper Consists of Two One Liberated General Wainwright May Attend Formal Jap Surrender NO lo BULLETIN Iapan asked Gen Douglas MacArthur allied air rescues of war prisoners from occupied areas Mon day after volunteer American paratroops of the U S office of stra tegic service liberated Lt Gen Jonathan M Wainwright hero of Bataan and Corregidor Chungking Lt Gen Jonathan M Wainwright the hero of Corregidor who has been liberated with hundreds of other war pris oners m Manchuria and North China was enroute Monday to Chung King and perhaps from there to Manila for the personal satislaction of facing surrender envoys of the Japanese Allied forces will move by air and sea fo occupy camps holding prisoners of war and civilian internees and begin the work of releas ing them If S headquarters In China announced Wainwright 61 year old leader of the epic American arid Filipino istn He was found in a prisoner of war camp at Hsian 100 northwest of Mukden in miles Man churia by one of a number of 6 man humanitarian teams who parachuted into the areas of sev eral prisoner of war camps in the Ciiina theater Aug 16 Lt Gen Albert C Wedemeyer U S commander in China who announced these developments said Wainwright was well If he arrives in Chungking in time he may be able to get to whose bay the fortress island of Corregidor now flies the Ameri can Japanese emis saries now are negotiating a form al surrender with aides Gen MacArthur lu Manila an unconfirmed re port said Wainwrifht may at tend with MacArthur the formal surrender ceremony in Japan For the other prisoners of war who were liberated by these teams ships are being rushed to various ports so that they may be evacuated with dispatch and in some cases planes are being sent for litter patients Wedemeyer said there would be no discrimination in succoring al lied prisoners of war and civilian internees regardless of national ity He said the prisoners of war and civilian internees in China included 3800 at Mukden 9000 at Shanghai 2800 at Hainan is land 6000 at Hong Kong 2700 at Feiping 1000 in Korea 2500 in Formosa 5600 in IndoChina and some 30000 in the Japanese home islands In the same camp with Wain wright was A W L Tjarda van Starkeiiborgh Stachouwer gover norgeneral of the Netherlands Indies who resisted the Japanese to the last before his capture He will be repatriated immediately at the request of Queen Wil helrnina of the Netherlands who has a special job for him Wedemeyer said The prisoners broke Into wild shouts of joy when Jhe rescue teams arrived Wedemeyer said Most of them had been treated guile well and illness was not unusually high he added The names of the freed Americans have not yet been made known Brig Gen George Olmsted of Des Moines Iowa who planned and directed the missions had high praise for the courage of the teams many of whose members never before had parachuted The men all volunteers dropped in 9 places from Mukden Manchuria to Saigon IndoChina The Japa nese did not molest them The American Broadcasting company reported from Chung king that Lt Col James P De vereux leader ot the heroic ma rine stand on Wake island in 1942 was safe in a camp in the Peiping area Gen Wainwright was found in a camp at Hsian along with 34 other Americans 16 Britons and 10 Dutch JAPS WANT ARMED FORGES IOWAFACTORIES IN PRODUCTION WITHIN 90 DAYS State firms Can Absorb More Than Employed During War Conditions Des Moines Iowa man ufacturers Monday were changing from the making of war goods to production of such items as farm implements washing machines and fountain pens this picture of Iowa reconversion was painted by various labor industry and gov ernment Edward A Kimball manager ol the Iowa Manufacturers associa tion predicted that virtually every Iowa factory would be back into full civilian production with in 90 days Kimball said he didnt expect any reduction in employment in industry as Iowa firms turn to making refrigeratorsijadios lawn mowers irons and nylon all scarce during the war Iowa factories can absorb more than they employed before the war Kimball declared He said there may be a slight upward trend in wages Ben Henry regional C IO di rector asserted however that he believed the governments esti mate of 5000000 to become un employed as most conservative He said theK union would favor unemployment compensation pay ments of S25 for 26 weeks instead of the states present 518 for 18 weeks In Washington Paul V McNutt war manpower chairman reported after a survey that Des Moines was listed as one of the areas ex pected to have surplus labor Ty October IS but where actual un employment distress was not expected In Chicago the United States department of labor reported that its bureau of labor statistics said approximately 2220000 persons were employed in manufacturing in 7 mid western states including Iowa at the peak in January 194i and that this number had tion for the Russians against dropped to 2000000 by April of western Europe tVli This is another war of sayinff that the new Poland will he Rus this year John B Parrish regional direc tor of the labor department said siandominated tier government the number of workers in lowa had shown a tendency to decline luu K idiuentj lu UKClHJe toward Russia it will be set up slowly but steadily in the present taperingoff period between the ijij pciiuu Between me strings manipulated puppetlike war peak and full war reconver TrnTYl a ATnr sion Many business and labor lead ers in Iowa concerned with possi j in iuwa concerned win possi h v dolmnance wer ble unemployment were sponsor the European scene Is more pro programs aimed at the quick nounced in things unseen than in conversion to civilian production things that meet the eye Its true v uuucnon of the facilities of such strictly war plants as the ordnance plants Many of the women war work ers who took jobs chiefly because of the patriotic appeals were ex pected to return to their kitchens But that isnt the whole story to retur to their kitchens Price control must continue but In fact its only a small start However a steady return from the only where necessary Just as in vnnvn nr military services of more than BY what was done at Potsdam 200000 lowans was expected and and even more significantly il was indicated more than halt of in what was not done at Potsdam tnese would be seeking civilian employment within a year Meanwhile among the latest layoffs was the announcement Sunday from Eettendorf that In ternational Harvester company would release 700 workers imme diately Officials said the layoffs came after cancellation of gov ernment contracts totaling S48 000000 idiaua uuesn r iry 10 use tne Harvester officials said the plant an excuse for hiking prices jnmn iKnut onn r would retain about 800 persons and that there would be a gradu uii al tapering off until operations arc these matters at Potsdam While completed about Nov 1 Plymat Des Jfoines The resigna Plymat district tion of William f iwiiu arm rjyniat district The America were not prepared yet office of price administration OCD 10 aCCeDt TiiAtf i i price attorney has been an nas seen an office of censorship expired rieht In the end however the settle nounced by Floyd L Whiltington after Japan surrendered ent reached for the future of the said Charles A Whitebook after J JAe v tixkuv nut ui bcienuiic icsearc and district OPA food price velopmcnt will go soon head would assume Plymafs du I tics Say Army Needed to Maintain Order BULLETIN Manila Japanese indicated in an official message to Genera MacArthur Monday that it would be nec essary for the present to keep armed forces both in Japan and on the continent to maintain order Tokyo also asked Mac Arthur to send officials to investigate the actual situation in in k message heard by the Associated Press moni tor ihe message said Japanese forces already had complete ly ceasecThaslilities and intend to carry out the demands mentioned in the joint proclamation of Potsdam Manila MacArthur estimated Monday lOda Surrender woull be signed in Japan within MacArthurs prediction was issued at a whirlwind sur less than day after it had begun back to RECEPTION PARTY GREETS JAPANESEMaj Gen Charles A WillouEhbv of Gen and head of the American reception SMeads bars of the Jap surrender arrangement after arrival at Nichols Fie d Manila f i are not wirephotb from signal corps via radio Lids About Off on Raises Wage Increase Possible Where Prices Not Affected Rites to Be on Tuesday wage earners The lids about off on raises The only halter the government will hold on increases is this They can be given where the increase does not mean an increase iri prices too The score as America entered its first full week of peace 1 The nation will have one of its biggest Christmas shopping seasons 2 President Truman will continue wartime controls where needed 3 Mr Truman will abolish wartime agencies quickly where he can 4 OPA still is aiming at lower clothingprices Jhey may come by Christmas 5 The government wont stop cashing of war bonds but It wants people to hold on to them 6 Lendlease the 45 billion dollar pipeline to victory is being shut off And heres the picture Store shelves should be pretty well loaded by Christmas but they wont bulge in the next month Government experts think many O 00 will hane around a while articles of hithertoscarce cloth and mediumpriced should be pouring into stores by November and December Total Christmas spending may not be as much as last year This doesnt mean prices on individual items will drop But volume of lowpriced items will so the economists say In a directive to his depart ment and agency heads over the weekend Mr Truman rounded up all he and his righthand men had said last week the govern ments reconversion policy would be Briefly he said Price control must continue but wartime price ceilings can be lifted to ease hardship or cor rect inequities The war labor board will re main for a while It will continue to handle labor disputes which interfere with reconversion as it handled in wartime those which interferred with the war effort There can be widescale wage increases without bothering to ask government permission pro vided the boss who gives the raises doesnt try to use them as Mr Truman is known to have ordered an end to the strictly wartime agencies as quickly as the regular peace possible He wants time departments to take over any the wartime agencies functions needed in peacetime The office of civilian defense died a month ago The office of censorship expired right fice scientific research and de Others arc slated for the skids But OPA and the war production do will hang around a while The president may propose a new government department of public wellare The head of this department become a member ol the cabinet Mr Truman wants where pos sible all federal activities under cabinet members direction And wants departments to absorb separate agencies For instance The department public welfare would include the federal security agencies the public health service the office of education and probably the childrens and womens bureau The latter 2 now are part of the labor department which accord ing to reports would like lo get rid of them Treasury officials say the gov ernment will not attempt to stop he cashing of war bonds Theres been considerable cashing done since the end of the war last But Secretary Vinson urges Americans to hold their bonds not try to cash them noxv The 8th and final bond drive probably with a goal of 12 billion expected to start on Oct 29 Mr Truman has asked that VJ day when he proclaims it be a day of work and not a holiday The reason Because so many arm people made Aug 15 and 16 noli lene days t 11 ao Vjivat 1iaKKf cictcd to end the lendIease pro last March when the gram through which this country moved to a farm near jvji 3 wuiitij inyveu iu a zarnt near ret piped more than 40 billion dol where the parents still reside lars in weapons food and equip c menl to its allies Nickerson Thelan Elton manager of the general store at Fertile and for mer mayor found the body of Gerald Nickerson 13 son of Mr and Mrs R H Nickerson Fertile near the dam of the American Crystal Sugar company Mason City about 6 p m aer a searching party had worked con tinuously along the banks of the Winnebago river since the drown ing Thursday evening near the dam at Fertile Funeral services will be held Tuesday afternoon at oclock at the Methodist church at Clear Lake with the Rev Warner N Hubbard pastor of the church in charge The boy drowned while swim ming with a neighbor Marvin Tibbitts 15 son of Mr and Mrs William Tibbetts Fertile Young Tibbetts dived repeatedly for his companion following his disap pearance in the swiftly moving water He then rushed to get the aid of 2 brothers Raymond Nickerson father of the boy assisted in the search and was rescued by Tibbetts from near drowning Tibbetts remained in the water more than 5 hours Fri day aiding the searching party which formed a human chain of 40 men across the river to pre vent anyone from being washed down stream by the current Five men on each side clung to the banks while a heavy rope was stretched across the stream about Hi miles above the 2 strand should Party Despite the efforts of the search ing party the body was rescued approximately 20 miles from the scene of the drowning Verne Pe terson Clear Lake state boat in spector who used equipment be longingto the Clear Lake fire de partment directed the search Nickerson is survived by his parents and brother Pfc Walter Nickerson who aided in the search and also 6 other brothers and sis Gerald Nickerson was born Nov jKiam was com imu biuaiea me Japa I as leaTed the 22 on a farm southeast of for years and the confer nmtiHonf h rii T i j u iirm souineast 01 president has de Clear Lake where he lived until Fertile The body is at the Williams fu neral home in Clear Lake The casket will not be opened ar rour War Bonds and DUJ your war Bonds and Stamps from your GlobtGaielle i Stamps from your GIobeGaictlc learner boy earner boj QUISLINGS PLEA ISNOTGUILTYOF TREASON ACTS Denies Knowledge of Germanys Program to Invade Norway Olso Quisling Sec ond of Adolf Hitlers European uppet leaders to go on trial for lis life pleaded not guilty to reason Monday and denied he had any advance knowledge of Ger manys plan to invade Norway in 1940 The pale shabby man whose lame has become a symbol tat raitors and puppets throughout the world uttered his plea in ringing voice after listeningto 3 supreme court judges read the lonr ndictment against him in relays For almost a half hour Special Prosecutor Anrianeus Schojoedt outlined the states case He revealed that statements from Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering former German supreme com mander Marshal Wilhelm Keitel former German chief staff Col Gen Gustav JodLand Reichsmin ister Alfred Rosenberg nazi doms leading Jewbaiter had been obtained by Norwegian investiga tors and would bo introduced Thus Quisling began the same ordeal from which former Mar said deliberately ignored Tokyos emissaries ground sea ipatec fhat fending the formal accomplishment may prevail on surrender may be affectuatedj capitulation madefy the emperors field forces w carried out without waiting for the master agreement to be signed T 1 Sained rters MacArthur said he would ac cept surrender in the names of the United States Chinese repub lic soviet union and the united Kingdom After that he would di rect imperial Japanese headquar ters to issue general orders in Saddle Is Sent Guam bridle that The saddle and warmhearted home fronters in Reno Nev sent to Ad miral Halsey for his projected ride through Tokyo on the emperors white horse have been forwarded to Halseys flagship off Japan the navy disclosed Monday structions to Japanese comman ders wherever they are situated to surrender unconditionally all forces under their control to allied theater commanders This may delay surrenders in such places as China and Malaya until after MacArthur signs the master instrument The exact site oX signing was undisclosed Previous indications were that it would be in Tokyo General MacArthur directed that responsibility for that por tion of the southwest Pacific area which lies south of the Philippines will henceforth be assumed by British and Australian comman ders Japanese emissaries departed for home after being flatly told in 2 conferences with MacArthurs aides what the duties of the Nip ponese will be under allied occu pation The delegates coldly by General MacArthur ignored himself searching Japan at the will of MacArthur as supreme commander Occupation itself was believed to be not far no argument was permitted Headquarters in a formal state ment said merely the meetings continued and that General Mac Arthur would personally give report when the conferences arc concluded A headquarters spokesman ana aiso o otner orouiers and sis weaaquaners spoKesman ters Dick Clara Mae Donald Ruth however said progress being and the twins Pauline and Arpade was more than satisfactory in the opinion of American offi cers had studied the Japa ences seemed to be proceeding family rapidly to conclusion The entire Japanese surrender delegation of 16 was reported co operating fully and giving the re quired technical information necessary for the triumphal entry of allied forces into Japan The scope ofthe Manila con ference was limited very largely to effectuation of occupation Loses Life William P Heaford son of Charles W Heaford of Rockwell lost his life as a result of enemy action on May 9 according to a message received from the war department by his father He had first been reported missing in ac tion on May 23 He was a crew member a plane on a special mission ot the utmost importance over enemy held territory Lt Comdr R C Lefever had written in telling the details of his death The plane was badly damaged by enemy fire and sfrucfc the wat er out of control Some survivors were rescued and it was stated that those not rescued went down with the wreckage He was con sidered by his command as an excellent prospective ordnance man his duties always performed prompliy eagerly and efficiently William was born at Rockwell on Feb 23 1325 He was con firmed in St Peters Lutheran church there and was graduated from tho high school in 1942 He entered the service in June 1943 and received his boot training al Farragut Idaho and took further training at Norman Okla and in California He went overseas early in January of this year Besides his father he is vived by 3 brothers Charles on occupational duty in Germany Oscar of Rockwell and Walter at home also 2 sisters Mrs Mildred Riggon of Swaledale and Edith at home His molhei preceded him in death in Oct 1942 WILLIAM P JIEAFORD V1DKDN Liked Him shal Henri Philippe Petaln HitJ lers puppet chief of state in France emerged only last week in Paris with a death sentence later commuted to life imprison ment Quisling submitted as part his defense a long memoir and so liloquy he had written in his prison cell while awaiting trial In it he denied that he had pre pared any coup against the gov ernment to coincide with the Ger man invasion said he did his best for his country after the invasion and demanded complete exonera tion AHasses give the dyinsrlion its kick he told the court t de mand rehabilitation and Indemni fication for the insult and harm inflicted upon me He blamed Britains mining of Norwegian waters for the German attack on Norway Word of the British mining reached him April 8 1340 and later that day he said Veports came through that Ger man transports were enroute The Germans landed April 9 I felt only an irrepressible in ner obligation to help my country in its present emergency he said We had no list of cabinet min isters which also goes to show that it was no prepared coup Quisling said he first met Hitler in 1939 and I had the impression that he right away took a strong personal liking to me Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy and cooler Monday night and Tues day with showers late Monday afternoon and Monday night Iowa Partly cloudy Scattered thundershowers Monday and in east portion Monday night Cooler Monday night in north and west portions Showers ex treme southeast portion Monday night and much cooler Monday and Monday night Tuesday fair and cool Minnesota Clearing and cooler Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and cool IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation GS 71 SO 61 Trace Maximum Saturday 87 Minimum Saturday night 61 At 8 a m Sunday 66 Sundays high 55 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 55 ;