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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 20, 1914, Mason City, Iowa SEMIWEEKLV Yon ciittrent anything from a small room to the largest farm Ijy using a GlobeGazette Want Ad Phone 28 or 33 fiEPOSTS BY WIRE EACH EAT OF THE IMPORTANT EVENTS OF THE WORLD TODAYS NEWS NOT YESTERDAYS THE WEATHER Generally fair tonight jmfl cooler tonight VOL XXI MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY AUGUST 20 1914 No 260 PONTIFF SUCCUMBS TO BRIEF ILLNESS THAT BEGAN AT ABOUT THE SAME TIME AS HOSTILITIES STARTED IN EUROPE WHICH HAD A VERY DEPRESSING EFFECT ON HEALTH OF HEAD OF CHURCH British Embassy Makes Publci Of ficial Statement on Naval and Mill tary Situation Characterized By Modesty TO RESTORE EVERYTHING TO CHRIST WAS THE MOTTO CHOSEN WHEN AFTER LONG STRUGGLE BE TWEEN FACTIONS TO HEAD THE CHURCH IN WARM FEELING FOR AMERICANS AND THE FIRST AUD IENCE GIVEN TO ANY PILGRIMAGE WAS GIVEN TO A PARTY OF AMERICANS WHO WERE AT ROME AT THE TIME OF HIS ELECTION Rome Aug Pius X died at this Thursday morning His last illness which began almost coincidentally with the European war did not develop alarming symptoms until Wednesday morning The Pope was depressingly con cerned over the war andthis is believed by those close to him to havehastened the end Together in one all things in These words which Pope Pius X adopted as his motto in an encyclical issued August 10 1903 six days after he had been elevated to the pontificate were on his lips as he died The end which came at oclock this morning Rome time was peaceful A few moments before he had been roused from semiconsciousness He attempted to bestow a blessing upon those gathered in the chamber but his strength failed After a pause he niurmered the scriptural text quoted and did not speak again The death of the pontiff in the eightieth year of his life and twelfth year of his pontificate while long anticipated came as a shock even to those near him For several days he has been suffering from a gouty catarrh but on Tuesday his physicians declared that the trouble was of no great importance and yes terday morning reassuring reports concerning the patient were current The change came suddenly during the forenoon yes terday and early in the afternoon those in attendance announc ed that was imminent Similar attacks had been resisted with the aid of the Popes will power but tlie depression over the clash of arms in Europe militated against another recovery Gieseppe Helehiorre Sarto known to the world as Pope Pius X was elected to the Pontificate on Aug ust 4 1903 and during his occu panoy of his exalted office as Head of the Roman Catholic church he j was confronted with some of the J most monentous problems religious and governmental with which the Holy See has had to deal in modern I times Pope Pius was born on June 2 1835 at Riese in the Venetian pro i the first child of GianBat iata Sarto a postman and his wife IVf argli erita Guseppes early career was influenced by the village priest who took a liking for the boy taught him to read and write and drummed into the youthful head the rudi ments of Latin At the age of eleven years he entered the seminary at Gasteltranco not far from his birth place and for four years every day he tramped to school usually bare footed until he readhed the out the village where he would Silo on his shoes to keep up nppear Cnstelfranco he passed in ances From He was one of confessors and only a few monUhs before the death of Leo XIII he was next the Count of Turin ln public when he the Patriarch blessed the foundation stone of the new Campanile in Piazza San Marco He was the can didate of Loo XIII as his successor but he so little realized the future tlhat when he left Venice in July 190a for the Conclave in Rome he bought a return ticket In the Conclave the struggle was for and against Cardinal Rampoll Leo secretary of state whose chances were lost when Cardinal Puzyn pronounced the veto of Aus tria against him which veto was suposed to represent Mie Triple Al liance Then needing a comprom ise Pope all eyes turned to Car dinal Sarto who at first refused but wns afterwards induced to ac as cnanoeiior tho diocese and cept tlle kigh position being elected shortly after ihe was appointed proamost unanimously on August 4 fessor of Theology In the seminary assuming the title of Nine years of atrenuoub work fol lowed crowned in 1884 by hia us the mltra as Bishop of Man juiuuA oummu anco ne passed in 1850 to the Seminary at Padua and 1858 at the age of 25 was or dained prieat and took up his stu Vsjlies at Tombolo In 1867 he had his parish of importance that of where he remained for eleven years In addition to his ec clesiastical duties Father Sarto con tributed largely to the suport of his mother and sister who found life a hard struggle especially in the win ter His eloquence led to his being called at tho age of 40 to Treylso as chancellor of tho diocese and and provided him with the necessary funds Creating him Cardinal Leo XIII appointed him also Patriarch of Ven ice but ihe did not leave Mantua un til a year Later owing to conflict between the Italian government anc the Holy See over the right of the House of Savoy to be consulted be fore the appointment of a Patriarch the government having inheritec the rights of the Republic of Venice The dispute was cut short by King Humbert also appointing Sarto as Patriarch of Venice The Patriarchs relations with the House of Savoy were always most cordial Every time that their Majesties or the princess visited Venice he paid them a visit and pre sented his homage Queen Margherita ipecial to Tho GlobeGazette Washington Aug Bru sh embassy herehas received from ts foreign office a summary of the naval and military situation to date Colvllle Barclay charge d affaires ent a copy to Secretary Bryan It is as follows Since the declaration of war the fleet lias been responsible for the safety of the expeditionary force which completed its disembarkation in Prance on August 18 which was effected In perfect order and with out casualty The work of the navy in the At antic and elsewhere in safeguarding he trade routes is best exemplified iy the fact that at Lloyds yesterday he war risk rate fell to forty shill ings per cent for almost any ages of British vessels whereas the rate to insure freight corn paid by steamers from the United States to a British port is thirty shillings percent The German fleet outside the Baltic is confined tp the harbors English commerce la almost normal German sea commerce is paralyzed The only casualty is the loss of the light cruiser Amphion blown up by a mine after having sunk the German mine layer Koenigin Louise one Ger man submarine has been sunk in the North sea The military position follows The German forces at present ex tend from the north of the neighbor hood of Basle through Liege to a point in Belgium to the east of Ant werp and near the Dutch frontier Outstanding features of the oper ations up to the present have been delay caused by the contemplated German offensive across the Meuse and the defense of Liege where the forts still are intact It has permitted the orderly mobilization and concentration of the French army and the British expeditionary force German troops have now crossed the Meuse river both above and be low Liege and are gaining some ground slowly westward but their advance cavalry has been contin ually checked by the Belgians In the south where the German armies are apparently on the defen sive the French are advancing on a long line into Alsace and Loraine a great extent of which they occupy iaf ter driving back in several engage ments the German troops opposed to LAY HOT STUFF tua Leo XIII conferred upon Bishop Sarto the title of Roman in the Consistory of June 1803 created him Cardinal giving him tho 1 Roman church at San Bernardo from which to take Ms title Ho so poor that jo watj unnble to the fees connected wit the fto eeptanae of the now dignity font some of his admirers came forward Continued on Page RAILROAD OFFICERS MKET New York Aug a year the superintendents of the leading railroad systems of the United States and Canada cometogether to ox change views on the various prob lems of their business Tho occasion is the annual meeting of the Ameri can Association of Railroad Superin tendents This years meeting waa cpned at tihe Waldorf todiiy and Bfe continued over tomorrow Actual laying of the asphalt pave mont on Wec5t Miller is to be starte by the Bryant Company some tim next week according to an announce ment of Commissioner Harry Stan bery this morning He says the terial is reaching the city daily and tiha machines and everything will ready by the early part of next week The first asphalt will be spread or Miller street and then the wil probably go to South Main and fin fan up on Michigan where a crew is now at work putting in the curbing Severail of tlhe curbing forms wer placed this week and the concret mixer was started this morning Dave ODonnoll head boiler mak or at the Northwestern round IIO la suffering wltJh an Injured eye A piece of metal struck hla oyo bal while he woa working with an auto matlo ftlr gun vised for pounding rlv eta Medical attontloa was necosflar and ho will probably be off duty i few days J T Gassldy assistant holler er ftt the Northwestern alao sustaino an Injury of the foot this weak when a piece of jnetol fell on it Ho off part of a the fore part o the week but returned to work th next morning Pope Pius Who Died at This London Aug complete absence of news from the theatre of war this afternoon is the best evidence in tho opinion of the experts that big events arc in progress which are testing the real calibre of the great battalions flinging them selves into the terrific battle that will he a New Waterloo or a New It is agreed that the German advance is being pushed with heroic determination and crowding close onto the entrenched French army waiting stem the passage toward Sedan and Paris The last information to come from thefront showed that beyond a doubt that in their mad onward rush the Ger mans had gained much ground but at a heavy cost Awards for Beost Displays of Golden Product Are Announced by Judges Platts Is First First money In dairy butter went to Mrs W J Platts out of twenty eight entries Mrs Platts butter scored 94J points Second monojf went to Mrs R B Plckford and Mias Labonna Stejl took the third prize In the bread contest the first prize of went to Mrs Carl Scott of Clear Lake and the second prize of was awarded to Mrs A B Cheeseman of this city Third money was glvea to Mrs Herbert Coplen of Clear Lake FAIRBANKS REUXIO3 to The GlobeGazette DedSiam Aug hundred descendants of Jonathan Fairbanks who came from York shire England n 16S6 and settled in this town came here today to at tend the thirteenth annual reunion of the Fairbanks family in America Tho reunion was hold In the old Fairbanks homestead built by the founder of tho American branch of tho family soon after his arrival here and boHovert to be tho oldest dwel ling In Now England Nashua Breeders Carry Off Ever Blue Ribbon Awarded for Kntrle of Kind of Cattle Thoy Breed E E Tracy anC eon of Nashua took every ribbon on Red Polls in the cattle awards made yesterday The Tracys have a large showing In the barns this year and with thev took all of tho premiums and hon ors In the hog pens C A Jannsen of Meservey took the majority of preraiuirv on Durocs He is a large breeder of Duroc hogs and made a big exhibit The Cerro Gordo couii ty farm also had a largo showing1 In tho Duroo class and came in strong for the premiums and rib bons Other beaf cattle and horses are being judged at tho bnrns today The returns will be made to tho secretarys office this evening Mis Oonuovs Better Mra William Connors who wai operated on at the Story hosplta about throo wooks ago Is consider ably improved in health and transforod to her home at 208 Eas Tenth street today B of UIQ most complete European War Maps OVOP printed It la woll mounted printed In colors and ehows tho whole of Europe ThoyvvtU bQ sold at 85o enoh at fhe Glebe Supply stovo or will mall thorn fa any address upon receipt of 30p OFFICIAL BRUSSELS DISPATCHES ADMIT THAT KAISERS ARMY HAS PUSHED BACK THE DEFENDERS ON BOTH BANKS OF THE MEUSE RIVER IN THE FIGHTING OF DETAILS OF FIGHT Baffle Front Now Extends From Switzerland To Dies FIGHTING NOW PROCEEDING ALL ALONG THE GERMAN FRENCH FRONTIER AND IN BELGIUM AND THE BATTLE UNDER WAY MAY EASILY PROVE A DECISIVE CONFLICT FROM COPENHAGEN SAY JAPANESE ENVOY IS PREPARING TO LEAVE CENSORSHIP MAKES NEWS HARD TO OBTAIN London Aucj official communication issued at Brussels says the fighting is preceding between the allied armies and the Germans oil the entire battle front from the Swiss border north of Diest Belgium a distance of approxi mately two hundred and fifty miles The communication ad mitted the Germans had gained ground yesterday on both tho north and south banks of the Meuse river A Copenhagen dispatch reported the Japanese ambassador at Berlin to be preparing to depart Details of the fighting arc lacking owing to the continued strict censorship GERMAN GAINS ADMITTED Paris Aug official communication received here from Brussels says The Germans have gained ground on both sides of the River Meuse and are in contact with the armies of the allies The enemy finding the routes to the southward strongly held by the French and Belgians discovered an open ing to the north and this may entirely change the strategy ot both An official announcement concerning the situation in Bel gium declares a portion of the Belgian army has begun to re tire in the direction of Antwerp East of Namur the Germans have attained the line between Dinant and Neufehateu Fighting all along the lines of contact is reported to be of the fiercest character but no estimate of the heavy casualties is given The Belgians having held the invaders in check for fifteen days have done all that could be expected Belqian strategy will now be merged into the general plan of the allied armies London Aug that Brussels has fallen into the hands of the Germans arc persistently current in Paris but con firmation could obtained The Belgian capital is known certainly to bo threatened by the daring German cavalry that reached the forest of Soignics flanking the city All approach ing roads have been barricaded and entrenched Four Brussels hospitals are now filled with wounded soldiers Antwerp is apparently the temporary goal of the German troops in They are reported to be moving slowlv but steadily in the direction of the great fortified port on the river Scheldt The German soldiers have occupied the town of Tirelmont and their masses pushing in from the frontier are believed to have come into contact with the allies front Re ports from Brussels asserted a battle had occurred at Gharlo roi in which the Germans are alleged to have suffered a loss of six thousand killed This is unconfirmed However reports are current in many European quarters that Germany has de cided not to comply with Japans ultimatum calling for Ger mtv evacuation of KiaoChow and the abandonment of the castjftn seas by the German war vessels Holland is said to feel uneasiness for hor East Indian col onies in view of Japans attitude News of military develop ments issued by official bureaus became more brief as great masss of Germans and Austrians approach the opposing forces of Belgians French and British Indications of the positions occupied are entirely suppressed of Emperor Eitol Frtcdrich and August said to have passed throng Liogo on their way to the front MUELIIAUSEN REOCCUPIED Paris Aug reoccupation of Muolhauson in Alsace by tho French troops is announced officially horo The recapture of Muolhauson was preceded by a vory so voro battle during which tho French troops took ono of tho su burbs at tho point of tho bayonet They also took as a result of Lhoir victory six Gorman cannon nnd six ammunition wagons Tho official note says tho situation in the Vosgos mountains ia unchanged In upper Alsaco tho French have occupied Guob willop Toutloon miles southwest of Gohnor In Lorraine it 13 filftlod tho French lines ox tend from north of Sambun pnssina by Morhango to Delmo Tho situation in the Duchy of Luxem burg in Belgium is unchanged SI Petersburg via London Aug body of Russian troops according to official communication has occupied Gum twenty imilos from iho Hussion frontier of East Prus sia capturing at too same timo twolvo Gorman cannon and a number of prisoners ;