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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 19, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION uimi VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 19 1950 This Paper Consists of Two One NO tet Red Divisions Regroup for Assault Truman Asks to Eliminate Concessions President Appeals for Unhampered Control Measure BY MARVIN L ARROWSMITH Washington Tru mans appeal for antiinflation controls without special privi lege concessions or powerwhit tling restrictions touched off mixed reaction in congress Satur day Senator Maybank DSC pre dicted there will be no real special privilege amendments favoring any industry or com modity in the home front mobili zation bill congress finally enacts But Maybank floor manager of the senate bill said he will make no move himself to meet Mr Tru mans renewed plea for authority to curb commodity speculation Denounces Privilege Senator Flanders RVt de nounced special privilege amend ments as strongly as Mr Truman did in a letter he sent late Fri day to Vice President Barkley presiding officer of the senate There is just no room or right ful place for them in this bill Flanders declared Senator Fulbright DArk said however that the administration will have only itself to blame if any special treatment amendments wind up in the economic controls bill The senate will vote on the measure Monday A good many of us dont have confidence that the administration will handle this program the way congress wants it handled unless we spell it all out in great detail Fulbright told a reporter In his letter to Barkley the president said he is much con cerned about the outcome of the senate bill and he added Two things seem to be happen ing First the powers for which I asked1 on July 19 in order to meet the immediate situation are being whittled down in certain impor AP Wirephoto HIS HELMET BAD LUCK FOR BUDDY Cpl James Moore Pleasant City Ohio holds his own bulletpierced helmet taken in mistake by a buddy the night before dur ing a battle against enemy infiltrators on this ridge near theNaktong river The soldier was killed by the rifle hit and Moore found the pierced helmet his name inside dur ing mopping up operations next morning Red China Moves Troops Toward Korea Washington Wi ley RWis said Saturday con gress members have been told that a crack communist force 200000 strong is being moved northward in China toward the Korean border Wiley a member of the senate foreign relations committee told a reporter he couldnt divulge the source of his information But he added We know there is a strong force of crack troops said to be largely made up of Koreans trained in Manchuria by the Rus sians that is moving northward through China We dont know yet what their destination is Wiley said he believes the tre mendous resistance put up by American and South Korean troops against the North Korean invaders has staved off any Chi nese communist attack on For mosa for the time being He said he hopes the fighting in Korea can be localized but pre dicted that if a general war breaks out with Russia American forces will be evacuated from Korea and used at more strategic points in the world In that event of course well use the atomic bomb he said He aired similar views on a tel evision broadcast Friday night North Koreans Drop Back on 2 Fronts Resistance is Light G O P Asks Replacement of Achesonf Johnson By DWIGHT McCORMACK Des Moines A midwest conference of republican party leaders Saturday demanded that President Truman replace Sec retary of State Dean Acheson and Secretary of Defense Louis John son tant respects Second it appears that the wage and price powers which the congress pfoposes to add may be so circumscribed by a host of de tailed limitations and provisos as to confuse and hamper admin istration should it become neces sary to invoke them Has Most Controls Mr Trumar asked last month for authority to control consumer and real estate credit allocate scarce industrial materials and to invoke other production controls Later the lawmakers began clamoring for the setting up also of authority to invoke wageprice controls and rationing The house already has passed a bill giving the president most of the controls he asked and also granting his discretionary au thority to impose wagepricera tioning curbs whenever he sees fit The senate banking committee headed by Maybank approved a similar bill now before the senate Mr Truman repeated in writing to Barkley that he would be glad to have the additional powers so long as they are not accompanied by too many restrictions on their Resolutions adopted unanimous ly by representatives of 12 states referred to what they termed Achesons general bungling of foreign affairs and Johnsons disgraceful incompetence The twoday conference called to devise ways of regaining repub lican control of congress in the November elections will close with an address Saturday night by G O P National Chairman Guy G Gabrielson Directed to Acheson The national chairman had said earlier at a news conference that if he were calling for any resigna tions he would direct his request to Secretary Acheson alone Gabriel son commented that he considers Acheson to be very much respon sible for our being in this war situation Rep Hall RN in address ng the conference Saturday morn ing charged that the Truman ad ministration often has been ac tively helping and supporting com munism in some form or other Hall chairman of the republican congressional campaign commit tee declared that for 17 years this use Dealing with the wageprice provisions the president said Unfortunately some of the amendments offered from the floor are intended to assure some special treatment or privilege for a particular Industry or com modity For Meat Packers Paradoxically many of these provisos are carbon copies of amendments to the last price con trol law in 1945 and 1946 in order to relax controls as we neared the time of their final removal One amendment already ap proved by the senate was criti cized by some members as a special privilege provision Spon sored by Maybank on behalf of the banking committee it would guarantee all segments of the meat packing industry a reasonable profit under any price ceilings fixed Asked about that amendment tn the light of the presidents let governments policy has been one of appeasement of communism The noon speaker was Gov Wil liam S Beardsley who told his fellow republicans We cannot serve high purposes by cheap po litical bickering and opportunism Gabrielson also told the news conference the national committee will fight for the reelection of Iowas U S Senator B B Hicken looper and give him all the help he wants Red Losses Estimated at 50000 Men Washington army esti mated Saturday that the North Korean communists have lost 50 OOC men so far in their invasion of South Korea At the same time an army spokesman estimated that South Korean losses up to 3 weeks ago totaled 37000 The spokesman said that round ups of American casualties in Ko rea will not be announced here after until they have no value to the enemy The last roundup of American casualties was is sued about two weeks ago The total at that time on Au gust 7 was 2616 for the Ameri can army The defense depart ment has continued since then to issue daily lists of individuals killed wounded or missing in Ko rea estimates of losses by the North and South Korean forces also include killed wounded and missing The army spokesman said the North Koreans have been con scripting wholesale recently calling up all men and women be tween the ages of 18 and 40 It is evident that they are managing to keep a good sizec nucleus of well trained men a the front the spokesman said But all indications are that the bulk of the communist foot sol diers now are not well trained He stated one of the indications came in the recent communist at Watson Firm Asks Truck Route in North Iowa Des Moines Watson Bros Transportation company Inc of Omaha has applied for authority to operate an extensive motor freight in Iowa The commission set Sept 21 as the date for hearing on the appli cation in Des Moines A further hearing will be held at Storm Lake at a date yet to be fixed the com mission said The trucking firm seeks to oper ate to and from Sioux City Le Vlars Sheldon Sanborn Hartley Spencer Spirit Lake Esthcrville Emmetsburp Algona Mason City Cherokee Storm Lake Fort Dodge Webster City Iowa Falls Water loo Dubuque Mapleton Denison Carroll Ames Marshalltown Ce dar Rapids Iowa City Davenport Onawa Missouri Valley Council Bluffs Harlan Atlantic Red Oak Des Moines Pella Oskaloosa Ottumwa Fairfield and Burling ton TAKING IT S Marines relax at a Korean railway station while awaiting the unloading of marine tanks just prior to moving to the front in Korea ter and in view of his own pre diction the final bill will contain no special treatment provisions Maybank said he did not want to discuss specific amendments Maybank indicated belief how ever that the meat amendment might be stricken out when senate and house conferees get together to reconcile differences between the two bills The house measure has no such provision Amendments still are pending in the senate which call for handling regarding price ceilings on other commodities In cluded are fish milk and tobac Offcrs McCarthy Help Wayne J Hood of La Crosse Wiscpnsin republican chairman has offered the services of U S Senator Joseph McCarthy R in the coming campaign Hickenlooper gave strong support to the recent investigation of Mc Carthys charges that communists nfest the state department The resolution referring to Acheson declared that he de ceived the American people into a sense of false security It said further that the state department has stubbornly adhered to policies inimical to the welfare of the United States and actually beneficial to the plots and schemes of the communist enemy The defense department under Johnsons direction the other res olution said has improperly ex pended the funds for arms voted to it by congress and has deliber tack toward the important com munications center of Taegu The army had excellent informa tion that 30000 men were in volved in the push toward Taegu he continued but it apparently fizzled out A month ago he said the story would have been much different I dont mean to be overly op timistic the spokesman told re porters but it is perfectly evi dent that their infantry is not performing as well and that ours is performing better as it becomes accustomed to the type of fight ing The balance that started heavily in favor of the communists is now shifting somewhat The briefing officer added that air attacks on the communists communications also were taking their toll on supplies Man Warms Up for Hot Complaint Gerald E Kepley of Des Moines knew it was midAugust Friday night but that didnt fool him He was chilly and the coat he was wearing was damp So Kepley climbed into a large truck trailer of the Nichols Wire and Steel com pany parked in front of the plant at 200 19th S W and built a fire in it Policeman Joe Cookman discov ered Kepley on his beat called the fire department and advised Kep ley that his fire was out of season and out of place Later when Kepley was ques tioned at the police station it was found that be was a hot item on the police blotter He is wanted in Des Moines for forgery Japan Issues White Paper Favoring UN By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo Japanese gov ernment Saturday issued a 3800 word white paper placing Nip pon squarely behind the United Nations in the Korean war as a measure for our own self defense It was the governments 1st formal statement of policy since the outbreak of hostilities and agreed with past statements of political and industrial leaders Japan is the major forward staging area for the UN Korean Senate Decides to Keep in Service Men With Dependents effort Against Communism Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy cool through Sunday and Light Waterloo Mayor Reports for Duty Waterloo Lawrence A Touchac 38 prepared Satur day to report for an army reserve physical examination and possible recall to active duty Touchae said he had been or dered to report for the examina tion Monday A lieutenant in the reserve he was a World war II ordnance officer frost likely by sunrise Sunday Low Saturday night 38 High Sunday 70 Iowa Clearing and cooler Satur day night with diminishing winds Low 40 northwest 50 southeast Conditions favorable for scattered light frost in northwest portion by sunrise Sunday Sunday fair a little warmer High Sunday 7075 Winds 1015 MPH Sunday Further Outlook Sunny and a little warmer Moday partly co ESCAFES INJURY Davenport Smith 35 of Coal Valley 111 escaped seri ous injury Friday when he was buried up to the neck in a sewer eavein ately inactivated valuable sections of our military thus producing a weakness about which potential enemies are apparently all too welt informed This lack of preparation is causing the bloodshed of cm battled Americans today and can understandably bring hardship to their dependents and to all Ameri cans The conference asked Gijbriel son to call a nationwide confer ence of republican leaders to form a unified policy on war matters SAME White no truffle death i 24 hours cloudy with little temperature change Tuesday Minnesota Fair and cooler with diminishing w i n d s Saturday night Some scattered light frosts most favorable places Saturday night Sunday fair somewhat warmer in afternoon Low Saturday night 3540 north 3H44 south High Sunday near IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Saturday Maximum 77 Minimum 53 At 8 a m 54 Precipitation 30 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum fiS The lengthy white paper did not specifically state how Japan pro posed to assist but said To cooperate with the democ racies and assist in strengthcmn their unity should be considcrec as nothing less than a measure of our own self defense1 The paper also placed Japan in the western democracies camp in the world struggle against com munism The only thing capable of de fending us from the brute force of communism is the strength which comes from the unity of the democracies it said The white paper called on all Japanese to help prevent nets of sabotage It specifically pointed to past leftist led political demonstra tions strikes and other incidents as part of the worldwide commu nist struggle Warns of Sabotage It warned that sporadic acts of sabotage by Japanese communists are likely to assume an organized form and added It certainly would not be wise to leave the control of such acts only to the police It is the duty of everyone of us to do our part and thereby preserve our national security There is no room for non involvement or neutrality it warned Influential minorities have loudly espoused such view points Insofar as the ideological war is BY EDWIN B HAAKINSON j Washington by posi sible loss of 25000 seasoned ser and corporals senators Backtracked Saturday on a deci sion to direct the armed forces to discharge all enlisted personnel with more than 3 dependents Such a provision was made part of the bill to allow monthly sup port payments to wives children md parents of enlisted personnel in the armed services which the senate armed services committee approved Thursday Uniformed officers of the armed services quickly pointed out how ever that the provision might cost them as many as 25000 seasoned noncommissioned officers already on of them in Korea So the senate committee has de cided to revise its bill merely making it the sense of congress that men with more than 3 de pendents should not be inducted under the draft act if they can show their dependent families might suffer hardship Actual discharges for hardship of men already on duty who have more than 3 dependents includ ing national guardsmen and re serves would be left up to sec retaries of the army navy and air force or commanding officers The senate committee made one other change in the bill Allow ances would date from July 1 shortly after the Korean war started to cover all men called to duty since then or in service at the time Originally the administration suggested that the family allow ances start Sept 1 but that they be dated back to cover August The original administration re quest would have cost an esti mated for the year which ends next June 30 The cost of the senate bill which may be ready for debate next week is estimated at 000000 Both estimates are based on an assumption that the armed forces total will climb to 2500 000 by next July 1 703 Midwest Plants Readied for War Production Chicago 103 mid west industrial plants are being readied for immediate wartime production in the event of a na tional emergency officials of the Chicago air force procurement field office said Saturday Matthew Hayes assistant chief of industrial planning said plans for awarding defense contracts to the 103 plants have been ap proved by the munitions board A facility file maintained by the Chicago AF procurement field office lists an additional 1260 industries in the 14state midwest area to be contacted in a similar plan The Chicago procurement office is surveying factories in Illinois Wisconsin Minnesota North and Surprise Landing Made by Allies By RELMAN MORIN Tokyo Mac Arthurs headquarters said Saturday that 4 communist divisions may be regrouping for a new assault against United Nations lines along the Korean northcentral front The post midnight war summary said word of t h e buildup came from an uncon firmed prisonerofwar report North Korean forces con tinued their probing along the crucial Naktong river front the headquarters statement reported as the reds sought possible soft spots in the UN wall before Taegu long the main forward base of t h e American defense MacArthurs headquarters did not pinpoint the area of the reported North Korean 4 division troop build up but implied it was along the Nak tong west of Taegu News Blackout A virtual news blackout from the fiont made clarifica tion impossible Associated Press Correspondent Lief Erickson s a i d in a dispatch that all and tele phone communications for the press had been removed from the 8th army headquarters It is through this spot that virtually all press dispatches from Korea are funnelled to Tokyo for relay to the United States The latest communique made no specific mention of the Taegu situation but earli er a spokesman for General MacArthur said the threat to the city had eased However U S officers pointed out that some 50000 red troops still threatened the UN lines in this embattled area A surprise landing was t he 1st allied action of its kind in the war It was made by South Korean troops Friday on Tok chok island after a brief shelling by British cruisers and destroyers South Dakota Wyoming Mon tana Colorado Kansas Iowa Missouri Nebraska Northern In diana and Northern Michigan Hayes said industrial mobiliza tion planning is aimed at answer ing the question who can make what how much and how fast concerned the statement said we Japanese who arc already in the field of battle cannot afford to take an ambiguous stand no more than we can flee before the enemy in a real war It would mean noth ing but ultimate destruction of our freedom and peace Minority opposition to the main tenance of allied military bases in Japan was condemned as one of the instruments of the com munists for achieving their goal of control Atrocity Victims Recovered TJ S 1st Cavalry Korea Bodies of 30 American soldier victims of red battlefield torture killings were recovered Friday from bloody hill 303 Their hands and feet were bound with rope wire and shoestrings Chilly Weekend for Central States By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS It looks like a chilly weekend for most of the central part of the country Cooled off Friday by a cold air mass from Canada the midwest got another chilly batch of weather from Saturday The southeastward Lakes region and the upper Miss issippi valley Temperatures were in the 40s early Saturday over some north central states Warm weather continued over the gulf states and most of the eastern states but temperatures were a little lower Saturday from Maine southwestward into Ohio Temperatures of above 100 were general Friday in the in terior valleys and desert regions of California and the desert regions of Arizona and Nevada Will Call Air National Guard Groups Soon Washington or 4 air national guard groups will be called to active duty within the next month it was learned Satur day The guard air groups will be the 1st to be called up since the outbreak of the Korean war They will be assigned as air support teams for the 4 national guard divisions which already have been ordered to active duty and are soon to report informed sources said Each air group is equipped with 75 planes mostly propellerdriven F51 Mustangs of World war II fame Their other planes are F80 jet Shooting Stars Both types have been widely used in Korea western Canada cool air spread into the Great Postville Soldier Missing in Action Postville Private Wayne W Kamp son of Mrs Mildred Kamp Postville is missing in action in Korea it was learned Saturday DEAN TRANSFERRED Rock Island R L Dean district engineer for the U S army has received orders transfering him to Fort Bragg N Car He assumes his new duties Sept 1 No successor has been announced The island is 35 miles southwest of Inchon port of Seoul on the Yellow sea Not Explained Full significance of the land ing was not explained by the spokesman at General MacArthurs headquarters who announced it A navy spokesman said Tok chok may have been a red center for waterborne communications The MacArthur spokesman also disclosed that South Korean guer possibly regular army be operating behind communist lines I think the enemys back areas are not too quiet he remarked He said he lacked details on both this and the island landing MacArthurs communique said the amphibious force took Chinni village on Tokchok without in cident There was no hint of the size of the landing force 3 Divisions Threaten MacArthurs intelligence spokes man gave these estimates of the whole Naktong battle picture aft er 3 days of the heaviest fighting of the war 1 The threat to Taegu aban doned this week as the provisional South Korean capital does not exist Saturday as it did Thursday But 3 to 5 red divisions possibly 50000 men still were poised north of the city 2 U S marines and army in fantry mauled the elite North Korean 4th division so badly in the Naktong bulge near Changn yong that for the immediate fu ture it can no longer be considered a fighting division 3 The enemy lost an estimated 2200 men Thursday along the whole perimeter the biggest single days bag for the allies In the critical area north of Taegu American and South Korean troops continued to drive toward Kumwha Saturday They advanced another half mile for a total of two and one half miles in their counterattack The allies were just south of Kumwha red held highway town 12 miles north of Taegu Tide The tide of battle turned when the U S 27th regiment com ;