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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 19, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME AN9 ARCHIVE MtlMCS I A i THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIOftS HOME EDITION irmiT VOL tin Awodited Pmi and ftttt full Cenli Copyl MASON IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 191947 Thli Paper Conliitl of Two No 266 NLRB BARS REDS IN LABOR UNIONS TIRE INDUSTRY DENIES CHARGE OF PRICE FIXING Goodyear President Says Criminal Complaint to Be Fought to the Limit New York charges that makers of 90 per cent ef the nations tires have conspired lor 12 years to fix prices will be fought to the limit E J Thomas president of Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co said Tues day criminal complaint naming 19 defendants was filed late Mon day in federal district court for the southern district of New York It quickly brought denials from the tiremakers who said that tire prices now are at pr below pre war levels The action Thomas said seems utterly preposterous William ONeil president of General Tire Rubber Co said that tires are selling 24 per cent below prewar levels and the suit just doesnt make sense On the basis of present living costs as compared with 1941 the price of tires is down almost 54 per cent ONeil said Herbert E Smith president of the U S Rubber Co said 3 of the 4 tires which account for 85 per cent of his firms business sell below prewar levels A statement from Firestone Tire Rubber Co that al though living costs were up 514 per cent since 1941 its first quality tires were 24 per cent cheaper Firestone said is de feating the forces of inflation and is a notable example of com petitive free enterprise in action J L Cochrun vice president in charge of sales for the Seiberling Rubber Co said that we strong ly believe there is no justification for the charge The criminal action against the tiremakers followed by a few hours the filing of a civil anil trust action in federal district court in Los Angeles which Wil liam C Dickson chief of the west coast antitrust division said was to make possible an early and substantial increase in color mo tion pictures for the public suit charged that Technicolor i Motion Picture cor poration and Eastman Kodak company conspired to give Tech nicolor a monopoly on the proces sing of Kodaks monopack color film The suit directs cancellation of their contract and release of the process to the whole industry on a royaltyfree basis At Rochester N Y Eastmans President Thomas J Hargrave said the firm had no existing ar rangement by which Technicolor does or could control or monopo lize the professional color motion picture field Neither Technicolor nor Kodak made comment on the suit A reply to the federal trade commissions cease and desists order against steelmakers whom it accused Sunday of conspiring to fix prices and stifle competi tion came Monday night from Irving S Olds board chairman of the U S Steel corporation Contending that the present pricing system in the industry had been evolved through 50 years as a natural consequence of the fundamental economic and com petitive conditions existing in that industry Olds said adoption of the commissions pricing plan would cause chaotic conditions in industries consuming steel Local steel monopolies and higher assembly and steel produc tion costs would displace the present widespread competition and production costs in the steel industry Olds said John F Sonnett assistant to the attorney general in charge of the antitrust division was in New York to confer with Mayor William ODwyer when the tire complaint was filed He said it was not related to the justice de partments current inquiry into possible conspiracies in the fields of housing food and clothing Memory System Founder Dies London Joseph Ennever 78 founder of the mem ory training system known asPel manism died Saturday it was dis closed Tuesday SAME 317 White fUi meant no trmHU to nut U kosnt AP Wlrephoto THE GENERAL WAS HIS Yuen Los Angeles press club waiter who served in the coast guard during the war is introduced to General Mark Clark at Los Angeles Cal Monday night Yuen was ordered to fire on General Clarks boat during the war through a mix up in recognition signals Los Angeles enlisted man who shot at the general met his target Monday night when Ir win Yuen shook hands with Gen Mark Clark They were introduced at the Los Angeles Press club where Claris now commander of the Sixth army San Francisco gave an off therecord talk Yuen a waiter at the club was serving as stewards mate in the coast guard aboard a destroyer off Anzio when the incident oc curred Through a mixup in recognition signals the FT boat in which Clark and his staff were ap proaching shore was mistaken for a German E boat Yuen manning a fiveinch gun was among those who were ordered to fire at the craft Do you know you hit us Glark asked him Sure repliedYuen we shoot good Clark revealed three men aboard the PT boat were killed and several others Wbuatded The incident occurred about 3 days after the beachhead was estab lished Truman Shifts Officials to Speed European DP Problem Carusi in Full Charge of Survey of Situation Miller to New Position Washington President Truman Tuesday announced a shift in 3 top level administra tion assignments designed to speed up federal action on the European displaced persons problem Ugo Carusi now commissioner of immigration and naturalization was appointed a special assistant in the state department to take foil charge of a survey of all phases of the displaced persons problem including resettlement The shift involves the resigna tion of Watson B Miller as fed eral security administrator and his appointment as commissioner of naturalization and immigration to succeed Carusi Mr Truman named Oscar Hoss Ewing former assistant chairman of the democratic national com mittee to replace Miller as federal security administrator The changes were announced by Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross at a news conference Carusi will be special assistant to the new assistant secretary of state Charles E Saltzman Ross told reporters One of the important aspects in Mr Carusis new position will be to make a complete survey of all phases of the displaced persons problem including the resettle ment of the displaced persons and the administration of President Trumans directive of December 22 1945 He also will study the opera tions of the newlyformed inter national refugee organization spending considerable time in Eu rope and South America Mr Truman who has fre quently advocated the admittance to this country of 100000 dis placed persons wrote Miller in connection with his new assign ment as naturalization commis sionerthat the conscience of the nation has been moved by the tragic plight of these persons The appointments of Ewing and Miller are subject to senate con firmation and were made as re cess appointments Anthony Eden in Accident London Eden former foreign secretary and No 2 man in the conservative party hierarchy suffered cuts and bruises Tuesday when his car collided vehicle with a royal air force MARSHALL HAS PRIVATE CONFAB Confers With Foreign Minister Argentina Quitandinha Brazil tary of State Marshall and Ar gentinas foreign minister Juan A Bramuglia discussed all main points of the interAmerican defense treaty at a halfhour pri vate conference Tuesday Marshall is to deliver a major policy address at the conference Wednesday and is expected to spell out United States views on questions facing the delegates in drafting a hemisphere defense treaty Later the secretary talked privately for 40 minutes with Chilean Foreign Minister German Vergara about the projected treaty and about Chiles economic prob lems Vergara told a reporter his country and the United States were in complete accord about treaty points He expressed the belief that Argentina would ad here to the U S and Chilean views Cuba however was on record as warning she would refuse to sign a hemisphere defense treaty mnless it covered what the Cubans termed economic aggression Bull Snake Upsets Guard Parade Drill Camp Dodge regiment of the national guard containing a largenumber of war veterans who had undergone countless hours of close order drill during the war was thrown out of step during parade practice Monday but officials said the break was justified One of the soldiers drilling with the regiment they explained stepped on a bull snake Red Lobster Pops Up New Bedford Mass tone Everett fisherman might have thought he was tending a cooking pot instead of a lobster pot when he found a bright red lobster in one of his traps But the creature was alive which did not surprise Everett who found a yellow one 6 years ago PAGE 1 RAINS ARRIVE IN NORTHWEST PART OF IOWA 288 Inch Rainfall Is Reported at Hawarden Near Inch at Estherville By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Good rains ranging up to a drenching which totaled i88 inches at Hawardenhave fallen in parts of northwestern Ipwa Theweather bureau said Tues day that the Hawarden downpour heaviest reported in the state since June had fallen over the past 36 hours Estherville had nearly an inch of rain Although hot weather hung on throughout the state Tuesday and was in prospect for Wednesday the weather bureau predicted considerably co o 1 e r weather throughout the state beginning in the northwest early Thursday and spreading to southeast Iowa by Thursday night The forecasting agency said temperatures would average slightly below normal in northern Iowa and near normal in south east Iowa over the next 5 days Irregular spotty rainfall was predicted for most of the state 92 in Mason City Old Sol kept right on climb ing Tuesday with 92 registered at 2 p m and with every ap pearance of reaching somewhere near the 97 degree mark hit Monday The low during the night was 68 with a 77 degree mark at 8 a m Tuesday with amounts ranging from a half to threefourths of an inch oc curring Tuesday night Wednes day and Wednesday night The teimjerature mounted to a litatehighof 101 City Monday with a low of 65 at Spen cer early Tuesday Rainfall reported to the weath er bureau included Estherville 91 Inwood 30 Cherokee 21 and Emmetsburg 70 The Emmetsburg total was twice as much as total rainfall there since June 30 Sioux City had a thtindershower Tues day morning From high up the Rocky moun tain slope another cold front was sliding lazily eastward toward the hot and parched midwest Tuesday with possibhT cropreviving gen eral rains Its too early yet to say just how this cold push will act or how much rain it will bring the Chicago weather bureau said adding that a decided relief from the high 90 and 100 degree tem peratures appeared a certainty for most of the plains states with in 48 hours The forecaster said the cold air crossed into Montana and Idaho from Canada about midnight and that it was expected to spread into the Dakotas by Tuesday night and into Minnesota and Nebraska by Wednesday The accompanying rain the bureau said might turn out to be only scattered showers but it might a general drought breaker for a considerable the north central and northern plains states Meanwhile no relief was in sight for virtually all the remain der of the nation sweltering again from a recurring hot blast that has spared generally only the At lantic and Pacific coast states Throughout most of the region from the Appalachian to the Rocky mountains temperatures in the 90s or above appeared cer tain to be repeated Tuesday and Wednesday the weather bureau said Talk of Triplets Was Not Idle Jest Philadelphia Sny der World war II veteran has 7 children today instead of 4 and a firm belief in the saying that a true word often is spoken in idle jest Two weeks ago Snyder told friends This time my wife is going to have triplets Monday Mrs Snyder gave birth to a girl and 2 boys For Sale ManMade Rain Des Moines anybody in droughtparched Iowa is interested in making it rain he should get in touch with the state department of agriculture which has an offer from a Kansas City firm H A Herschfield Jr representing the Aerial Crop Service Inc Kansas City has telegraphed and telephoned to Secretary of Agri culture Harry D Linn about the matter The company Herschfield said had tried to make it rain 4 times and it rained 4 times The company uses a plane and from it scatters dry ice from above the clouds This method has produced rain for hybrid corn producers in Kansas Herschfield reported The charges for the service an hour for the time the plane is in the air including the flying time to and from the scene of operations The company collects a bonus of if it rains at all for a 2inch rain and for a gullywasher Estimate 400 Killed in Blast of Spanish Armament Factory Destruction of Naval Arsenal Leaves No Clue as to Cause of Disaster Cadiz Spain fP More than 400 persons were estimated by newspapermen here Tuesday to have been killed when a Spanish naval torpedo plant exploded Monday night wrecking a resi dential an orphanage a hospital1 and a factory Earlier estimates had placed the injured at several thousand and the property damage at 000000 Official censorship was placed in effect near the scene of the ex plosion on the narrow Cadiz pe ninsula about 2 miles from the center of the ancient city of 80 000 Troops patrolled the area and barred reporters from the disaster zone The film of 3 Spanish pho tographers who had entered the area was confiscated An ocean mine factory and a warehouse went up with the tor pedo plant The ruin was so com plete that no clue to the cause of the explosion was left The collapsed orphanage was known as La Casa Cuna Most of the 120 children and nuns were believed dead buried in the debns An unknown number of pa tients were believed to have died similarly in the Madre De Dios hospital caved in by the explo sion About 100 workers were lieved entombed under wreckage of a small factory near the ar senal Thousands of Cadiz residents crowded near the stricken area seeking word of friends or rela tives The U S embassy in Madrid had received no word of any U S resident being killed or injured Indonesians See Attempt on Republic Lake Success Indone sion government charged Tuesday that the Dutch were determined to destroy the warborn East Indies republic Taking the floor in the security council after the Soviet Union ac cused the United States of making a dangerous and disrespectful at tempt to bypass the United Na tions Former Premier Sutan Sjah rir declared It is clear to us that Dutch military actions are aimed at the destruction of the republic Sub sequent Dutch professions of a de sire to negotiate with us are nei ther undesirable nor convincing Everything points to one conclu sion and one conclusion only name ly that the Dutch are fully deter mined to put an end to the Indo nesian republic Sjahrir said his country had no faith in the honesty of the Dutch government and again appealed to the United Nations for investiga tion and arbitration In Jogjakarta the commander in chief of the Indonesian republic forces meanwhile broadcast an or der to his troops to prepare for prolonged warfare The announcement came from Batavia after the Dutch reported there that drastic retaliatory measures had been taken against the Indonesian forces Russia said here that the only solution would be for the council to set up a commission to investi gate and arbitrate the conflict Elusive Bus Wins in Game of Hide and Seek With Passenger ONeill Nebr drivers Tuesday were shaking their heads over the plight of an unidentified woman who chased a phantom bus from here to Atkinson The woman alighted from the bus at ONeill for a cup of coffee A few minutes later she left the lunch room to find that the bus ap parently had pulled out without her She hired a car and her driver sped 70 miles an hour to Atkinson without sighting the bus Several tainutes after she arrived the elusive bus pulled into Atkinson from ONeill The bus driver explained that while the woman was having her coffee at ONeill he had driven the bus around a corner Inside For WILLIAM GREEN Reveals Plans for on Election Day in 1948 See page 2 Dyer Still Confident After Twin Card Loss See Page 11 New Church at Clarion Near Completion See Page 4 Examiners Named for City Assessor See page 13 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued warm and humid Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday with a few scat tered thundershowers in the vicinity Low Tuesday night 72 High Wednesday 9598 Iowa Partly cloudy and continued warm and humid Tuesday night through Wednesday A few widely scattered thunder showers in west and north cen tral portions Low Tuesday night 7075 High Wednesday 95100 Iowa 5Day Weather Outlook Temperatures will range from slightly below normal in north ern Iowa to near normal south east Iowa The normal high temperature is 82 north 85 south Normal low 56 north 59 south Considerably cooler northwest portion early Thurs day spreading to southeast Iowa by Thursday night Only minor changes in temperature there after Irregular spotty rainfall indicated over most of state with amounts ranging from i to J Tuesday night Wednesday and Wednes day night Showers likely again Saturday night or Sunday Minnesota Partly cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered showers or thunder showers Cooler northwest por tion Wednesday and in ex treme northwest Tuesday night Warmer near Lake Superior Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 97 Minimum 68 At 8 a m Tuesday 77 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 77 Minimum 51 Pennies Buy Cow Weston Mass 5 months pupils in the First Baptist church Sunday school dropped their pennies ia a tin pail placed beside a cardboard cow When filled the pail contained which was used to buy a Holstein heifer to provide milk for chil dren in some wardevastated vil lage in Europe Nazi Doctor Convicted of War Crimes Nuernberg Germany American war crimes court con victed Dr Karl Brandt personal physician to Adolf Hitler and 14 other German doctors Tuesday of war crimes for fatal experiments on humans The prosecution hatf charged that hundreds of thousands of con centration camp inmates were killed in worthless experiments Seven doctors were acquitted The 23rd defendant one Helmut Poppendick was acquitted of war crimes charges but convicted of membership in the SS The language of the lengthy judgment was so scathing it ap peared the death penalty would be imposed in some cases Wednes day The 4man court headed by Judge Walter Beak of the Wash ington state supreme court found the 43yearold S S elite guard general guilty of crimes against humanity as charged by the pros ecution which had accused him of killing hundreds of thousands of human guinea pigs In worth less experiments Brandt was one of 23 codefend ants who made up the S S med ical corps His fate and that of his fellow defendants was contained in a 300page judgment The court found that Brandt was directly responsible for high altitude and freezing experiments as well as malaria mustard gas seawater and sterilization tests from which many victims died Also convicted with Brandt were Siegfried Handloser medical in spector of the German army and Oskar Schroeder chief of the luftwaffes medical service both of whom were charged with war crimes and crimes against human ity The judgment found they were linked with knowledge of the ex periments and declared they could have prevented cruelties and deaths if they had acted in their official capacity Paul Rostock chief surgeon oJ the Berlin clinic and head of army research was acquitted The evidence the court found failed to show that he overstepped the bounds of medical ethics or knew conclusively what was being done in concentration camp clinics Recovery for Some Corn Is Not Possible Des Moines well developed early corn on heavy Iowa soils does not show much damage an increasing acreage of the later crop plus com on thin land and in wet spots has been damaged to the point where re covery is impossible an official report said Tuesday The Iowa weekly weather and crop bulletin reported that sub soil moisture is now largely ex hausted and the return of hoi weather and desiccating winds causes a further sharp cut in yield prospects The bulletin observed that cool er weather arid light scattered showers in the week ended Aug 16 gave the crop a breathing spell and temporarily halted crop dam age However except for a few local areas moisture was not suf ficient to bring about any im provement the bulletin contin ued The considerable Iowa corn acreage damaged beyond recov ery will not produce any signif icant yield of grain and will have to be utilized as fodder or silage the report said Soybeans were described as holding up very well to date bu1 pastures are badly burned and the sweet corn crop has suffered heavy damage The review said crop and weath er observers estimate that about onethird of Iowas soybean acre age is now showing pods Most observers feel that the bean crop has taken all the hot dry weather it can absorb with out deterioration There is some burning apparent on the lower leaves and plant growth is being retarded on the late beans The bulletin also observed thai threshing is practically completed with only a few scattered fields of small grain still left in shock New seedings of clover and al falfa were good to excellent the report continued but the perioc of heat and drought since the small grain harvest has burned many of the tender seedlings Because of burned out past ures many farmers will have to start feeding hay or fodder within a short time unless heavy rains are received the report added Triple Value Providence R I Mrs Milile Joachim started to fry an egg for her sons breakfast she got more than she had bargained egg had 3 yolks LEADERS MUST SWEAR DENIAL OF Locals Will Be Denied Services of Board Unless Heads File Affidavits Washington local un ons were told Tuesday that na tional labor relations board ser vices will be barred to them uti ess every member of the 51man CIO executive board swears he is not a communist Similarly no AFL union can petition for a collective bargaining election or bring an unfair labor practice charge against an era iloyer unless each of the 15 mcm icrs of the federations executive council files a noncommunist af idavit Hobert N Denham NLRB gen eral counsel handed down this decision as he issued the affidavit orms required under terms of the labor law which goes nto full effect Friday The forms Denham told report ers must be signed by all AFL and CIO international and local officers if those organizations want to use the board and its lacilities The chain must be complete from the top down the NLRB general counsel declared In the case of the CIO one member of the executive board is selfavowed communist He is Ben Gold of New York president of the International Fur and Leather Workers union Denham reminded of this by reporters said only the alterna tives if there are any are ob vious As for the AFL there have been reports that John L Lewis al though a vigorous anticommu nist might withhold his affidavit as a matter of principle As presi dent of Mine Workers and an AFL vice president Lewis is a link in the AFL chain Although several of the larger CIO unions have indicated they plan to snub the reorganized NLRB many of the others have reached no policy decision on this issue or on the TaftHartley act itself There are 40 CIO unions The fact that some unions may elet not to qualify as collective bargaining agents will not how ever prevent employers from fil ing unfair labor practice charges against them Nor will it bar individual work ers from asking the NLRB to re view what they consider unfair labor practices on the part of em ployers Denham estimated that about 500000 union ing some 50000 local national and international labor organizations be directly affected by the requirement for a noncommu nist affidavit In his affidavit each union of ficer must swear that he is not a member of the communist party or affiliated with such party and that I do not believe in and am not a member of or support any or ganization that believes in or teaches the overthrow of the United States government by force or by any illegal or uncon stitutional methods The form cautions in a foot note that any fraudulent state ment is subject to punishment of fine or 10 years in prison or both The sworn statements must be renewed each year Denham said and must be filed anew each time a union holds an election of offi cers He added that the NLRB will not make the affidavits public after they are filed in Washing ton HOLD MAN FOR IOWA SHOOTING Mrs Irene Larson in Sioux City Hospital Sioux City Irene Larson 35 was in a Sioux City hospital Tuesday suffering from bullet wounds in the chest and shoulder and police were holding a man she said shot her in her apartment within 100 feet of the Sioux City police station Monday afternoon Detective Sgt Larry Ericfcson said Orvile H Miles 35 was in custody in connection with the affair Erickson said Miles was located at the home of a sister and a 32 caliber revolver was found in a sock at the home The detective said Miles and Mrs Larson had been keeping company since her divorce from Peter Larson last May and had objected strongly when the Lar sons were reconciled 3 weeks ago ;