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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 19, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP OCPARTKENT OF Y A N y ARCHIVE OLNE5 I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU L Associated Press and United Press Full Wires rive Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 19 1914 Washington Revolves on War Effort By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor departure for Britain from a point not Irom not permitted to say 2 sultry days in the national capital jj As on my previous visits here since Pearl Harbor Ive been impressed by the degree to which this great city swollen to about twice its normal size about the war effort The normal functioning our federal gov e r n m e n t has HALL gone into almost total eclipse Manifestations the military regime are everywhere Most of Wednesday afternoon was spent at the state department The ancient building which once housed the war and navy depart ments as well as the state depart ment is now inadequate for Sec retary Hull and his great staff The passport section for ex ample is across the street in a business block As I waited for final clearance of my credentials I looked across the avenue to the room where the Japanese diplo mat Kurusu professed peaceful intentions to Mr Hull while the Nips planes approached Pearl Harbor for their sneak attack In the evening after a dinner with the R F doughs at the na tional airport I had my first in spection of the famed Pentagon building at close range Overlooking the Potomac river NAZIS TRAPPED BELOW SEINE in Arlington county over acre upon acre it sprawls Even after REPORT 3 NAZI DIVISIONS ARE CAUGHTINTRAP Reds Take Sandomierz Germans Launch Heavy Counter Assaults Moscow MP Three of Hitlers retreating eastern front divisions possibly 30000 men were report ed trapped Saturday north of San domierz west bank Vistula bas tion which now has fallen befon the red army In a desperate attempt o hal an imminent soviet sweep int eastPrussia the Germans hurlec one of their biegest armored blow in months west of the Lithuania city of Siauliai They penetrate the red army lines but apparentl it was not a serious setback East of the Warsaw suburb Praga the red army attacked and improved its positions The Russian war bulletin was lent on fighting at the border of Cast Prussia but flyers returning rom that area reported villages nside the junker province burn ng from naziapplied torches Moscow broadcasts heard in ondon said the Russians had cached the East Prussian border at new but unspecified points Fighting on the threshold of East Prussia grows fiercer every exposure to the hundreds of other government buildings here its enormity fairly takes your breath away The story about the messenger boy who entered the Pentagon building got lost and came out 3 months later as a colonel in the army has taken on a new meaning for me Im almost ready to be lieve it Most of the remainder of my time here has been divided be tweeii the office of censorship auc the Britishembassy Asa result hope Iam reasonablywell set fo my stay in the British England Scotland and Ireland Ivebeen pretty well instructe about where I can go and hm much I can report in my news dis patches and in my radio recorc ings for KGLO Chances of my getting over to continental Europe seem not too good Tve been discouraged on all hands But I havent given up hoping Washington has the reputation of having the most disagreeable summer climate of any city in America Thats another story Im prepared to beliave Its been al most as humid and hot here these 2 days as Chicago was during the republican convention Temperatures at a higher alti much higher not going to be unwelcome so far as this particular correspondent hollr but speed of the soviet offensive never slackens one Moscow announcer asserted Berlin reported the Russians lad hurled more than 150000 men into the battle for East Prussia on an 80mile front from Augustow in northern Poland to the Niemen river in western Lithuania The nazis said heavy fighting was in progress with the center of grav ity at Virbalis 3 miles from the border on the KaunasKpnigsberg railway Marshal Ivan S Konev mander of the first Ukraine army that captured Sandomierz drove into the Radom region taking numerous villages along the Vis tula He lengthened his bridge head to 75 miles and reached the village of Lukava 13 miles north east of Radom and 44 miles south east of WarsAv The Russian war bulletin said successful engagements were in progress for the 3 trapped nazi Planes Lash Shattered STazi Forces London airmen de troyed or damaged more than 800 German vehicles in the bat le of northwest France Friday nd struck fresh blows Saturday at shattered enemy divisions Blistering daylight attacks upon he remnants of Field Marshal 3en Guenther von Kluges reel ng remnams came after a night n which more than 1000 RAF leavy bombers set to the port of Bremen and blasted oil and rail installations of Germany France and Belgium Mosquitoes dumped 2 ton block busters on Berlin for the 4th time in 5 nights and bombed and strafed German roads of retreat in France through the hours of darkness I Like the pilots of the bomb and rocketcarrying fighters who bat tered enemy troops mercilessly in daylight as they attempted to scramble across the Seine ahead of Lt Gen George S Pattons U S 3rd army Mosquito crewmen reported the best hunting since Dday On one road they attacked at least 700 vehicles with bombs and bullets and left about 120 of them burning or destroyed and many more were damaged to add to the total of Fridays daylight achievements announced officially Saturday Some 5000 offensive sorties were flown Friday and 51 allied 3 heavy bomb lost Eight RAF bomb ers failed to return from the night operations At least 38 German planes were downed in comba and 51 more were destroyed on the ground The enemys dayligh sorties were estimated at o them east of Paris ALLIES HOLDING 1000 SQ Ml IN SOUTH FRANCE Drive to Within 31 Miles of Marseille Aim at Rhone Valley BULLETIN Rome assault forces broke into the outer sub urbs of the great French nava base at Toulon Saturday and front dispatch predicted its fal this weekend Rome Maj Gen Alexan er M Patchs 7th army extend g its southern France beach ead to 1000 square miles ha peared westward to within 3 liles of Marseille in a driv anking Toulon and has plungec t least 32 miles inland allie eadquarters announced Satur ay A front 20 miles broafl has een driven to the north anil be Ind Toulon the French naval ase at which American bombers riday blasted the halfsubmerged Vench battleship Strasbourg in n effort to silence her big suns vhich were opposing the allied ttack Latest announcements put Paris Is Rocked by Demolitions Battle Is Rout for Germans BULLETIN Supreme Headquarters AEF UP Reliable reports reaching headquarters said American armored patrols may have entered Paris Saturday as allied planes tanks and infantrymen chopped the remnants of the German 7th army into a disorganized rabble and herded its survivors eastward toward almost certain annihilation on the Seine The battle of northern France had degenerated into a massacre and the enemy retreat had become a wild race for life with nazi SS elite jjuard units leading the flight toward the Seinev and abandoning regular German army troops to the pursuing allies Headquarters spokesmen disclaimed all knowledge of the situation inside Paris but it was acknowledged the Ameri cans were running roughshod through the suburbs and might now be inside the capital have fallen into Sandomierz gave is concerned Just when my reports Irom Britain will begin reaching you I cant say for sure Quite likely however it will not be before a week and a half or 2 weeks URGE RISINGS IN S E FRANCE Order Underground to Begin Total Action New York All French forces of the interior in the de partments of southeastern France were urged to begin immediate and total action in instructions broadcast by Gen Crochet dele gate of the French council of na tional liberation in southern France Saturday morning CBS recorded the broadcast The patriots were ordered to harass the enemy in all his move ments surprise his units seize his supplies destroy his convoys Ev erywhere in this region the Ger man must be rendered powerless and unable to oppose the allied advance nor must he be permitted to find refuge outside France The hour has come to avenge your dead and achieve victory the order said REPORT PARIS HAS BIG LIBERATION FORCE London groups ris ing against the nazis have estab lished control over vast French and Italian areas reports from Bern said Saturday while Paris its liberation approaching was represented as having the largest resistance force in all of France Bern dispatches raid some 40000 wellequipped men were fighting in a single battle in one section of Italy In French districts near the Swiss frontier there were probably 3 times that many Italian partisans were said to have won almost full control Liguria and Piedmont provinces in northwest Italy Genoa is in Liguria divisions that the cauldron Capture of the Russians another river cross ing with which to pour men and material into the Polish plains leading to German Silesia and outflank Warsaw from the south In Estonia units of the third Baltic army crossed the narrow strait linking lakes Pskov and Peipus seized a sixmilewide strip of territory on the west side and drove 9 miles inland in a push toward Tartu Estonias second largest city These units joined forces which had been pushing up the west bank of Lake Pskov Fifteen miles inland another Russian column seized Valgetmesa l5Vz miles southeast of Tartu The soviet war bulletin said 1000 Germans were clain in that battle GERMANS QUIT SPANISH FRONT Withdrawal of Troops Reported Reliably Port Bou Spain Ger man army was reported reliably Saturday to have withdrawn its troops from the entire Franco Spanish frontier The first signs of German prep arations for a mass evacuation were observed along the frontier Thursday and further evidence was seen Friday Since early Saturday morning no Germans have been in evidence and it was believed they had re moved all their frontier garrisons Terrific explosions were heard from the French side of the bor der at Saturday morning sug gesting that the nazis blew up their installations before leaving Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaxette carrier boy Rocket Me163 Dive Reported Fastest Ever A Fighter Base in Britain De layed first 3 allied pi lots to engage the Germans new rocketpropelled fighter the ME163 Flying close quarter combat expressei belieC that in a vertical dive i marie the fastest controlled fligh ever achieved by man American and French forces only 6 miles northeast of Toulon but other advance units speeding over a network of inland roads were pointed directly toward the Rhone valley through routes which bypass Toulon and Mar seille The farthest inland tosvn cap tured was Salernes 32 miles from the coast and 35 miles north east of Tours The farthest west ern town seized was La Roque brussanne 14 miles north of Tou lon and 31 miles from Marseille Other towns taken were Sollies Pont Gareouit Vins and Brig northeast of Toulon In the approach to the naval base along the coast the allieti forces encountered some stiff German resistance west of Bormes but inland the opposition vas less American forward elements vere pushing rapidly into the ligh ground west of La Roque russanne Highway 7 the road in which they are approaching eads to the Rhone valley at Avig non by way of AixenProvence To the northeast other troops pushed 2 miles west of Brignoles along highway 7 The advance through the Argens valley still arther north was approaching Carces about 7 miles southwest of Sal ernes The path of the 7th nrmy was obviously toward the Rhone val ley aimed for a push up that great artery to effect a juncture with the armies of Gen Dwight D Eisenhower These forces were now less than 350 airline miles apart American infantry was spread ing out on both sides of the Ar gens valley which has been the main avenue of attack through the rugged terrain the Mari time Alps Advance troops pushed beyonc Salernes 12 miles west ot Dra guignan previously the farthes inland penetration Although the Germans declared they had abandoned Cannes there FALAISE SHATTERED IN SPRINGING OF Bombs and shell bursts leave the town of Falaise shat tered and rubble strewn in the springing of a trap south of Caen This photo is by Eddie Worth Associated Press photographer AP wirephoto via signal corps radio en graving by Kayenay London S armored columns springing a new trap below the Seine on the German army fleeing Normandy have struck with in 5 miles of the river at Mantes northwest ot Paris even as Ger tnian demolitions rocked the cap tal Friday Berlin declared the Americans lad reached the river at Mantes ncl Vernon This push carrying 18 miles lortheast from Drcux flung a lew envelopment upon the Ger mans cutting their last escape Nazis in Italy Face New Problems After South France Invasion Rome The Italian front re was no announcement here of an entry into that resort town Indi cations were that the eastern front of the beachhead was relatively stable An official announcement said French troops had overcome the Tasr enerny resistance antheiCap Benat region on the coast 21 miles east of Toulon A force of German motor tor pedo boats attempted to attack ships landing troops Thursday night the navy announced Allied destroyers sank 4 of them and re pulsed the others Scramble for Life Marks MAQUIS OCCUPY 70 VILLAGES All Police in Area Join French Patriots London French resistance forces have occupied 70 villages a communique from Maj Gen Jo seph Pierre Koenig announced Saturday and all police of the Saone and Loire departments have joined the maquis The 70 villages were seized in a triangular area near Troyes 85 miles southeast of Paris Troyes lies 105 miles east of Chartres Germans at Thonan Evian Le fayet and Chamonix at present arc negotiating for surrender it was announced French capture of Thonon and Evian was announced in Swiss dispatches earlier Militiamen attempting to leave moges for Vichy were attacked r French forces of the interior id forced to turn back Supported by American artil ry the French look Plounez and aimpol in Brittany by assault ays ago the announcement dded EPORT IZOO NAZIS IAVE SURRENDERED Zurich Switzerland Ufi Or anizcd German resistance has ollapsed in Annecy last nazi tronghold in the Haute Savoie lepartment of France and 1200 Germans have surrendered to the maquis maquis officers here told he United Press Saturday FRENCH PATRIOTS ROUND UP into action with the invasion of France and rapidly gaining in strength and daring since the new allied landings in the south members of the FFI the French forces of the interior well organized and ex pertly led in their guerilla tactics are playing an important part in the liberation of their homeland In the photo above German prisoners are herded to a prison camp near Guin gamp Brittanyby members of the FFI led by one of their number bearing the tricolor and a machine pistol With Allied Forces in Pursuit of the German Army Aug IB De flight of the German 7th army became a mncl scramble for life Friday night and the belief is growing that the beaten enemy is really fleeing for the German border where the final and decisive battle of the war will be fought Demoralization in the enemy ranks is increasing by the hour as the German commanders in side and outside the Normandy pocket flounder desperately with no clear idea of where to find safety But there is no safety Tor tliis German army because those who escaped the pocket are engaged in what looks like a losing race back toward the Seine as our fastmov ing armored columns slash deeply into their ranks The entire British line is on the move From Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery down to the last man n the ranks every soldier in the British 2nd army feels the lift of knowing that the death knell of the German army has been sounded in the west The official indication that the German military strength is so dissipated that the enemy is un able to put up further serious re sistance either southwest or northeast of the Seine confirms our optimism and bolsters the im prcssion lhat the beaten Germans really arc fleeinjr for the other side of the Rhine where the final mained relatively tjuiet Saturday with the last snipers cleaned up in the central part of Florence There was sporadic tire along the Arno river and some enemy patrols were repulsed Allied pa rols carried out deep reconnais sance in the Upper Arno valley and in the Adriatic sector Meanwhile the material neces sary to crack the Gothic line and open a path into northern ltal was being prepared Field Marshal Albert Kessel ring who once had 24 divisions i Of perhaps a dozen Cut off or very nearly cul oft from France by the new allied landings there lie now Taces the drab possibilities of a viiockdown fight in nnd behind the Gothic line a cold winter in Ihe Alps or a difficult retreat in the Vienna direction route other than flight across the virtuallybridgeless Seine II was the 2nd time in 10 days hat LtGcn George S Pattons 3rd army had veered west of the capital seeking entrapment of huge German forces instead of pushing on to Paris itself ALLIED STRATEGY PRIMAR ILY WAS TO DESTROY THE GERMAN ARMY AND ALLOW PARIS TO FALL WITHOUT WARS DESTRUCTION RAF pilots reported fires and explosionsln Parish indicating the Genna ns were EXPLODING MILITARY INSTALLATIONS as Berlin broadcasts told of Amer ican armored clashes with enemy security forces just south of the capital and thrusts lo within 12 miles oC the city A Swedish correspondent in Berlin even reported 3 armored columns cutting through the sub urbs of Paris but this was not confirmed by allied sources The correspondent said his informa lion was unofficial Even as the pocketing below the Seine was being carried oul French resistance forces rising up southeast of Paris liberated 70 vil lages in the area of Troyes 85 miles below the capital This was a now flank threat to Paris Amer icans already had seized Chartres southwest of Paris and 105 miles west of Troyes The Battle for France assumed proportions of a rout and supreme headquarters declared it was in its last stageof pursuit and an nihilation Canadian and British armies their packs from were pressing toward the Seine French ports to Norway the Nor from Normandy Canadians in the center of this drive gained 5 miles from St Pierre on the Dives river reaching to near Livarot Along the northern coast German resist momentarily stiffened Here Heavy Blasts Heard From LeHavre Dieppe Folkestone England A series of violent explosions in France during the night and morning shook buildings along the English coastThe blasts com ing from the direction of Le Hnvrc and Dieppe suggested the Ger mans may be demolishing instal lations Think Sub Packs Will Be Sent to Norway London Germans are expected to attempt removal decisive battle will be fonght Perfect summer weather is en bling our air forces to deliver ill more crushing blows on Hit ers dazed legions Planes roar er the front lines unceasingly narling down on the bedraggled azis as they struggle over roads tiered with enormous quantities f abandoned or destroyed war naterial Arrest Goerdeler Accused Ringleader of Plot on Hitler London UR The German DNB news agency said Saturday that Karl Goerdeler exmayor of Leipzig and an accused ringlead er of the plot to assassinate Adoll Hitler has been arrested by the gestapo Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himm ler had put a price of 100000 marks 5400000 on the head o Goerdeler who was reported to have gone into hiding after the attempt to kill Hitler last July 2C failed Goerdeler was named by th nazis as the man chosen by th plotters to head a new peace government in Germany The fugitive was arrested i West Prussia where he was iden tified by a woman auxiliary o the luftwaffe and 2 German ai corps men DNB said Weather Report FORECAST Mason warmer and windy Saturday afternoon Sat urday night and Sunday Mon day fair owa Fair antl warmer Saturday afternoon and Saturday night Partly cloudy Sunday and Mon day with scattered thunder showers northwest portion Sat urday night and west and north central portions Sunday and Sunday night Cooler northwest portion Sunday afternoon and remainder of state Monday Moderate to fresh winds through Sunday diminishing Monday Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness and windy Saturday night and Sunday Widely scattered thundershowers west and north portions Saturday night and east portion Sunday forenoon Warmer east portion Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 78 Minimum Friday night 56 At 8 a m Saturday 61 wegian government in exile heard A number of German destroyers of the Narvik class mid Ubaats have been seen off the southern mcc 1 the ilies were onlv some 13 miles Norwegian coast reports said Traport DIEPPE LE HAVRE BauwwitU ctampes FRANCE ChUudm GERMANS arrow indicates route of retreat by German forces escaping near encirclement in the FalaiseArgentan area Solid arrows indicate allied drives with Canadians pushing along the coast and Amer icans pressing on toward Paris ;